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Full text of "The communicant [serial]"

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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 

AT CHAPEL HILL 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 



FC283 
C29 



5, no. 6 



v.71 
1978-; 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/communicantseria01epis 



The COMMUNICANT 



Sewing the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



Convocations kick 
off $2 million drive 



Authorized last January by vote 
of the 162nd Diocesan Con- 
vention, the campaign aims to 
raise $1.4 million for the con- 
struction of a new Camp and 
Conference Center on Diocesan- 
owned property just north of 
Greensboro, and $600,000 for the 
Diocese's Venture In Mission. 

The Campaign Committee has 
adopted a "family approach" 
which allows each parish and 
mission to decide the size of its 
contribution and the way in which 
it will be raised. 

"The committee voted against a 
hard-sell, professionally-directed 
approach, and promised instead to 
assist each congregation in- 
dividually in raising its fair share or 
better," explained Bishop Fraser in 
a presentation on the mechanics 
of the campaign. 

The drive itself is to run through 
December, and parish and in- 
dividual pledges will be tallied at 
the 1979 Diocesan Convention in 
January. Actual payment of the 
pledges may be spread out over 
four years. 

"It's the most painless way I 
know to raise this kind of money," 
explained Bishop Fraser, who 
noted that the campaign will be 
successful if every parish and 
mission raises an amount equal to 
3V2 their 1978 Program quota, 
payable over a four year period. 



Other highlights of the meetings 
marking the kick-off of the largest 
campaign ever undertaken by the 
Diocese included special previews 
of the multi-media educational 
presentations prepared for use at 
the local level by the campaign 
educational committees. 

In announcing the official start 
of the $2 million campaign. Bishop 
Fraser noted that "this campaign 
began with the laity who, by their 
willingness to dream boldly, have 
provided us with a singular op- 
portunity to work together to 
extend the mission of the Church 
at home and abroad." 

The $2 million capital funds 
campaign got its official start this 
month with the unveiling of 
preliminary plans for a new 
Diocesan Camp and Conference 
Center before meetings of the lay 
and clergy leadership of every 
convocation. 

The design for the new center 
focuses around a central lodge 
with dining and meeting facilities 
for 100 people and a cluster of 
smaller lodges each able to house 
up to 24 people. The plans are the 
work of Bill Dodge, Raleigh ar- 
chitect and partner in the firm of 
Dodge & Beckwith, who has been 
retained by the Camp and 
Conference Center Educational 
Committee to oversee the design 
phase of the project. 




Volume 68, Number 6 October, 1 978 



Campaign coordinator appointed 



Polly Downward, a member of 
the Diocesan Staff, has been 
appointed coordinator for the $2 
million capital funds campaign. 
She is now available at the 
Diocesan House to answer 
questions about the campaign, 
and provide materials, supplies, 
brochures and pledge cards to 
each parish. She will also assist in 



scheduling and coordinating the 
activities of the educational 
committees chaired by the Rev. S. 
F. James Abbot (Camp and 
Conference Center) and the Rev. 
Nicholson B. White (Venture In 
Mission). In addition, she will 
oversee distribution of the multi- 
media shows for the Conference 
Center and VIM. 



Council adopts 
$920,552 budget 



Raleigh, Sept. 19— In a six hour- 
long meeting Tuesday, the 
Diocesan Council adopted 
budgets for Episcopal Main- 
tenance and Church Program 
totalling $920,552 for 1979. The 
new figures represent increases in 
the Maintenance and Program 
budgets of approximately 3% and 
6% respectively. 

As a result of their work 
Tuesday, the members of the 
Diocesan Council will submit 
budgets totalling $284,682 for 
Episcopal Maintenance and 
$635,870 for Church's Program 
for approval to the 164th 
Diocesan Convention when it 
meets January in Raleigh. 

In related business, the Council 
also voted to raise the minimum 
salary level for clergy with full-time 
parochial responsibilities from 
$10,900 to $11,550, a 6% in- 
crease effective January 1 , 1979. 

The morning session was largely 
in the hands of the Council's 
Finance Committee. Richard 
Messinger, substituting for Jacob 
Froelich, Chairman of the Finance 
Department, presented the 
Committee's recommendations for 
the 1979 Church's Program 
Budget. 




Durham church to build in Paraguay 



DURHAM, 

SEPT. 21-The Rev. Joshua T. 
MacKenzie, Rector of St. 
Stephen's Church, Durham, 
announced tonight that the Vestry 
of St. Stephen's has voted to build 
a church for the people of the 
small town of Asuncion in 
Paraguay. 

MacKenzie made the an- 
nouncement at a meeting of the 
lay and clergy leadership of the 
Central Convocation marking the 
beginning of the Diocese's $2 
million campaign. $600,000 of 
that amount has been targeted for 
Venture In Mission projects. 

The construction of the new 
church had earlier been designated 
as one of the projects to be un- 
dertaken by the Diocese of North 
Carolina as part of its participation 
in the Episcopal Church's $96 
million campaign to fund critical 



ministries all over the world. 

MacKenzie said that the people 
of St. Stephen's will build the 
church as a concrete sign of their 
gratitude for their own recently- 
completed church building. He 
explained that helping the people 
of Asuncion build their church 
seemed an appropriate way of 
giving thanks. 

The congregation of Asuncion 
has already received a plot of land 
as a gift from the town council, but 
they have neither the funds to 
erect a church nor the means to 
raise them. Since the town is in a 
rapidly growing part of the 
country, the need for the church is 
a keen one." 

The Rt. Rev. Douglas Milmine, 
Bishop of Paraguay, points out 
that " those in nations with 
churches on almost every comer 
find it difficult to understand why 



church buildings are vital to the 
mission work of other places. The 
economic realities in places like 
Paraguay are such that money for 
churches is sheerly impossible 
even though these are the very 
places where the visibility of a 
church building is most im- 
portant." 

Following his announcement, 
MacKenzie said that he and St. 
Stephen's Vestry plan to take 
advantage of this opportunity to 
work together with the people of 
congregation in Asuncion. He 
noted that people at St. Stephen's 
are already working to provide a 
cross and candle sticks for the 
altar of the new church. "The 
possibility for an on-going 
relationship is what really has us 
excited the most." 



Before adjourning for lunch, the 
Council heard a report from Phil 
Brown, Director of the Penick 
Home in Southern Pines, on the 
proposed Triad Home for the 
Ageing. Mr. Brown reported that a 
chairman had been found for the 
Triad Home Campaign, and that 
the Board of Trustees for the 
Penick Home would commission a 
feasibility study in the next two 
months before taking any further 




Nick White and Jim Abbot 



In the afternoon session, the 
Rev. James Abbot, chairman of 
the Camp and Conference Center 
Education Committee, reported 
that the committee had retained 
the architectural firm of Dodge 
and Beckwith to prepare a site 
plan and preliminary designs for 
the proposed Camp and Con- 
ference Center. Mr. Abbot went 
over the finished site plan with the 
Council members, and outlined 
the next series of steps in the 
development of the Camp and 
Conference Center. 

In a similar vein, Council 
members received a proposal from 
the Rev. Nicholson White, 
chairman of the Venture In 
Mission Education Committee, 
regarding the distribution of the 
$200,000 targeted for VIM ex- 
penditures within the Diocese. 

After discussion, Council 
members voted unanimously to 
endorse the committee's decision 
to distribute Diocesan VIM monies 
among St. Mary's College, the 
Episcopal Child Care Services, 
and the Diocesan Parish Grant 
Program (see related story on page 
). 

On an unrelated matter, the 
Council voted to change the name 
of the Diocesan newspaper from 
The North Carolina Churchman to 
The Communicant. 

In addition, the Council also 
approved a motion made by the 
Rev. Don Frazier, Dean of the 
Sandhills Convocation, recom- 
mending that the Bishop appoint a 
committee to study the problems 
faced by small congregations. The 
Council meeting adjourned at 
approximately 3:00 p.m. 



1979 Program Budget totals $635,870 



National Church 

Program: $215,247 

Just as the local churches and 
missions in our Diocese support 
the Diocesan Church's Program 
Budget, the Diocese contributes 
to the National Church's Program 
Budget. With this budget, the 
National Church aids domestic 
and overseas dioceses, con- 
tributes to various ecumenical 
agencies, assists three Episcopal 
Black colleges, and provides 
chaplains to the armed forces and 
veterans hospitals. Also included 
in this budget are the ad- 
ministrative expenses of the 
affiliated agencies and com- 
mittees of the General Con- 
vention. 

Province of 

Sewanee: $2,500 

This Diocese also contributes 
to the programs of the Province of 
Sewanee, the IV Province of the 
Episcopal Church. This budget 
will support province-wide 
programs in recruitment, church 
growth and Christian Education 
are planned for 1979. 

Mission Strategy: $242,803 

This committee is responsible 
for initiating and supervising the 
overall mission work within the 
Diocese. This program provides 
financial assistance to mission 
congregations throughout the 
Diocese, and helps support the 
inter-racial urban ministry of 
Christ the King Center in 
Charlotte. 

In cooperation with the Duke 
University Medical Center, the 
Diocese also assists in funding an 
Episcopal Chaplain, who is a 
member of the pastoral care staff 
of the hospital. The Chaplain 
visits with Episcopal patients, 
counsels with the clergy and laity, 
and teaches courses in Clinical 
Pastoral Education at Duke 
Divinity School. 

An expanded Ministry to the 
Deaf, begun in 1978, will continue 
in 1979, with services of worship 
and Christian Education 
programs held on a regular 
schedule in selected churches 
throughout the Diocese. 

The Committee oversees the 
work of full-time Episcopal 
Chaplains assigned to the 
University of North Carolina at 
Greensboro, Duke University and 
North Carolina State University. 
In addition, the Diocese also 
shares with other denominations 
the cost of maintaining an 
ecumenical chaplaincy at North 
Carolina Central University and 
North Carolina A & T. The 
Diocese also provides a grant to 
the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill, to assist them in funding a 
third staff member who, along 
with the other parish clergy, is 
engaged in ministry to students at 
the University of North Carolina 
at Chapel Hill. 

Christian Social 
Ministries: $38,497 

The Committee on Christian 
Social Ministries tries to stimulate 
within the local churches of the 
Diocese an interest in those less 
fortunate than ourselves, and 
provides assistance to 



congregations interested in 
developing methods for com- 
mittment, organization and 
action. The Diocese also makes a 
financial contribution to the 
Appalachian People's Service 
Organization (APSO), and 
agency of the Episcopal Church 
which deals with the vast 
economic and social needs of the 
poor in Appalachia. 

Youth: $29,400 

The Department of Youth 
provides for the young people of 
the Diocese of North Carolina, 
and the adults who work with 
them, a full and diversified 
ministry by meeting and accepting 
young people where they are in 
their pilgimage and enabling them 
to experience the person of Jesus 
Christ and grow into the fullness 
of their calling within the Family 
of God. The Acolyte Festival, the 
Autumn Youth Conference and 
the mid-winter and spring con- 
ferences are just a few Diocesan- 
wide projects sponsored by the 
Department. 

Communications: $37,460 

The Communicant (formerly 
The North Carolina Churchman) 
is sent to each Episcopal 
household in the Diocese. Its 
purpose is to inform the people of 
the Diocese of North Carolina of 
the significant news and in- 
formation about the Church — its 
parishes, missions, agencies and 
organizations — and all other 
such subjects which will stimulate 
constructive thought and action, 
and contribute to our common life 
of faith. 

Ecumenical 

Relations: $5,700 

This committee supports and 
encourages understanding and 
cooperation among all Churches 
within the Diocese and the nation. 
In addition to participation in the 
North Carolina Anglican-Roman 
Catholic Task Force, this Diocese 
is a member of the North Carolina 
Council of Churches. 




St. Stephen's new Flentrop 
organ. 



Other Programs: $64,263 

In addition to the work of these 
specific departments, the 
Church's Program Budget in- 
cludes funding for a wide variety 
of other programs: 

• Financial assistance is given 
to The Terraces, the Diocesan 
Conference Center in Southern 
Pines, for maintaining the center 
and employing adequate staff. 

• The Stewardship Committee 
continues to develop long range 
programs of study on the Biblical 
theology of stewardship. 

•The Every Member Canvass 
Committee provides information 
and programs to assist local 
congregations with the annual 
canvass. 

•The Liturgy and Worship 
Committee is responsible for 
preparing and conducting all 
diocesan services as well as 
providing training and instruction 



in the new forms of worship and 
liturgy. 

• The Christian Education and 
Training Committee plans and 
develops programs for the 
educational needs of the Diocese, 
convocations, congregations and 
individuals. 

•A new item in the 1979 
budget is basic operational costs 
for the newly- acquired property in 
the Greensboro area which is to 
be the site of the new Camp and 
Conference Center. 

Also included in the program of 
the Diocese is the cost of 
secretarial support, maintenance 
of various Diocesan-owned 
properties, insurance benefits and 
a contingency fund for unan- 
ticipated expenditures. 



1979 Church's 
Program Budget 



$675,870 



In 1970 Episcopal Church giving totaled about $300,000,000. By 1976 this 
figure had increased 48 percent to $445,000,000; 1977 statistics, still being 
analyzed, indicate clearly that this giving trend is continuing - along with a 
noticeable growth in Church membership. 

As the diagram indicates, most of what Episcopalians give is used to carry on 
the important work in their own parishes. A smaller portion goes to the diocese, 
and only about 2.6 percent of the Church's total income is used to support the 
General Church Program. Individual parish giving is part of a single, coordinated , 
cooperative effort to sustain the total life of the Church. 



National Church 2.6% 



% 




Parish 90.1% 



Liturgical work- 
shop in November 



The Diocesan Liturgical Com- 
mission will sponsor a workshop on 
Lenten and Holy Week liturgies at St. 
Stephen's, Durham, November 17- 
18. 

Thomas J. Talley, Professor of 
Liturgies at the General Theological 
Seminary in New York, and James 
Litton, Organist and Musical Director 
at Trinity Church, Princeton, New 
Jersey and a member of the Standing 
Commission on Church Music, will 
direct the two-day event. 

During the course of the workshop, 
participants will explore both Rites 
One and Two of the special liturgies 
for Lent and Holy Week as found in 
The Book of Common Prayer 
(proposed). Mr. Litton will give a 
special presentation on the use of the t 
organ in the liturgy, and introduce 
new musical resources, including 



some new musical settings for the 
Holy Eucharist. 

St. Stephen's is a brand new 
church of modem design, con- 
secrated just last May. Its free 
standing altar, fine Flentrop organ 
located in the rear choir gallery, and 
its overall spaciousness allow great 
flexibility in liturgical expression. 

Designed to meet the needs of 
small and large congregations alike, 
the workshop is open to all. Total 
cost for the two-day event will be $20 
per person, and will include the 
workshop study materials, lunch and 
dinner on Friday, lunch on Saturday 
and other incidental expenses. A 
bookstore will be in operation both 
Friday and Saturday, and will carry a 
wide selection of supplementary 
liturgical and musical materials. 



Page2-The Communicant-October. 1978 




"My grandmother taught 
me to write before I 
started school.... I could 
close my eyes and see 
lettered manuscripts. " 







"I didn't produce the 
inspiration; it was given to 
me as a sort of trust 
which I have to 
discharge." 



Michael Podcsta - 
minister with portfolio 



With measured grace he puts his 
pen to paper and the dance begins. 
Starting high on the page the point 
makes the serif and cross stroke 
before plunging precipitously to trace 
the stem, pulling out of the dive with 
barely enough room to carve the finial 
at the baseline, leaving in its wake an 
italic letter 't'. 

Michael Podesta is. a calligrapher. 
He is at his drawing table early this 
morning, working on sketches for a 
commissioned piece. 

"Roughs", proofs and finished 
prints hang atop one another about 
the room, pinned at one comer; odd, 
varicolored scraps of mat board lie 
propped against the walls and table 
legs, the worked-in clutter of his 
studio a pleasant contrast with the 
visual majesty which his hands call 
forth upon once empty pages. 

He has not always been a 
calligrapher. While growing up he 
worked as a tender in his father's 
underwater construction company, 
"nursemaiding" air hoses and lifelines 
for a team of divers constructing 
hydro-electric plants. 

For 2 x /2 years he travelled through 
Italy, Ireland, Yugoslavia, England, 
Greece and Spain, working as a 
translator and guide. And in his first 
few months in Rocky Mount he 
worked for a local tree service, 
topping, removing and otherwise 
doctoring trees. 

Somehow during all of that he 
found the time to spend a year at the 
San Francisco Institute of Art, "a year 
in which I learned what I didn't want 
to do," he explains. 

He has not always been a 
calligrapher, but for as long as he can 
remember, he has been absorbed by 
"the power and sweep and movement 
of the written word." 



"My grandmother taught me to 
write before 1 started school. When I 
was Alex's age (Alexander, Michael 
and Bettye Podesta's five year-old 
son, sits quietly in the comer with a 
book) —even Josh's (Josuah, age 3, 
is playing in the yard, just under the 
windows of the study)— I could close 
my eyes and see lettered 
manuscripts. I've always enjoyed 
lettering. There's so much you can do 
with a letter in a single typeface." 

That Michael himself has done 
more than his share can be seen by 
the various prints which hang 
throughout the house. From the 
drafting and execution of the original 
design to the matting and framing of 
the finished print, the quality of his 
work bespeaks the reverence which 
he has for the written word. 

And reverence it is for one who 
understands his work as part of the 
ministry of Christ, a continuing 
exercise "in the relationship of 
spiritual and artistic inquiry." 

"It has been my experience that it is 
the inspiration which chooses the 
person, not the person that chooses 
the inspiration. In reading, hearing, or 
seeing something, a thought often 
comes, and the artist can choose to 
respond or not. But the inspiration 
itself, that is given. 

"Sometimes a commission brings a 
certain text to my attention. On other 
occasions, it is something that has 
appealed to me in reading the Bible, 
or some other literary source that 
seems to be to be saying something 
particularly vital." 

Whether the source is the Bible or 
the Book of Common Prayer, a 
liturgical text or a passage from 
Coleridge or Herbert, Michael labors 
long and hard to bring it to its fullest 
visual expression. 



"The idea of my work is 
to take something that 
has been said many times 
before and in many ways, 
but to present it in the 
clearest and most 
beautiful form. " 






..Mipe^waw . 




"There is Christ's ministry and I am 
participating in it. Paul, John, 
Matthew and Coleridge were also 
participating as ministers of the word 
of God. 

"The idea of my work is to take 
something that has been said many 
times before and in many ways, but 
to present it in its clearest and most 
beautiful form." 

There are few outlets locally for the 
work of a professional calligrapher, 
so Michael must spend a con- 
siderable amount of time travelling to 
various art shows and craft fairs all 
over the eastern half of the United 
States. Lately, the travelling has 
become something of a problem. 

"Before I started doing this full 
time, my only concern was the 
picture, its design and final execution. 
Now I have to think about arranging 
shows, transportation, promotion, 
printing brochures, plus filling the 
orders generated by the shows." 

Concerned now that creative 
design is only one of several activities 
that make up the business, Michael 
has submitted a grant proposal to the 
National Endowment for the Arts. 

"I no longer have the free and 
uninhibited relationship to the work 
that I once had when I was an 
amateur. A grant would give me more 
time in the future, more freedom to 
try out some new ideas, to risk 
failure. If there is anything which has 
recently crept into my work it is that I 
am no longer creatively adventurous." 

Still, Michael Podesta doesn't 
begrudge the hours spent exhibiting 
his work in shopping malls and 
theological seminaries, on beachfront 
boardwalks and college campuses. 

"A lot of artists hate the malls. But 
in looking at the work as a ministry, 
which has to be my principle iden- 
tification with it, then its presence is 
appropriate wherever there are 
people, be that Virginia Theological 
Seminary, on the boardwalk at 
Virginia Beach, or in a shopping mall 
next to a putt-putt golf course. 

"I didn't produce the inspiration; it 
was given to me as a sort of trust 
which I have to discharge. I have the 
role of a' messenger, a responsibility 
to deliver that message in good shape 
— as good as I can make it." 

Michael Podesta — minister with 
portfolio. 

Michael Podesta will show his 
work Oct. 12-15 at the Episcopal 
Renewal Conference, Pittsburgh. Pa.. 
Nov. 9-11 at Tarrytown Mall. Rocky 
Mount, and Nov. 17-19 at the 
Sugarloaf Mountain Works Arts and 
Crafts Show, Gaithersburg, Md. 
Anyone interested in seeing his work 
may contact him at 326 Villa St., 
Rocky Mount, N.C., 27801 (919- 
442-0023). He will be glad to notify 
you the next time he is in your area. 



f^Ej] edit orial 

Of the 70-odd diocesan newspapers published in the United 
States, 34 are presently called by the same name- The Church- 
man. Last month members of the Diocesan Council agreed that 
it was time our newspaper had a name all its own. 

So The Churchman became The Communicant. 

Our new name reminds us that communion and communication 
share a common root. We trust it will help us to remember that they 
ought to share a common purpose as well. In any case it seems an 
appropriate name for an effort at communication about, within, and 
guided by the Christian faith in the service of the church. We hope 
you agree. 

But whether you do or you don't, we look forward to hearing 
from you. The editor of a newspaper is much like a stage manager. 
Without actors, a stage manager is simply a man with an empty, 
silent stage. Similarly with a newspaper. Others speak the lines and 
play the parts; the editor is there mostly to set the stage and make 
certain the lights are working. And keep the roof from leaking. 

With the publication of this issue the stage has been set. Now we 
wait to hear from you. There are three ways to get in touch with 
The Communicant, three ways to have a hand in its shaping: 

•Call any weekday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. — 919 787 6313. 
•Contact any member of the Diocesan Newspaper Advisory 
Committee: Mr. Henry Bernhardt, Chairman, the Rev. J. Michael 
Coram, the Rev. Peter Lee, the Rev. Daniel Sapp, and Mr. Ted 
Vallas. 

•Write a letter to the editor. 

Because The Communicant belongs to the people of the Diocese 
of North Carolina, it has a legitimate claim upon your talents, your 
energy, your ideas, your concern. Your active support and in- 
volvement is necessary if this newspaper is to fulfill its potential. 



sharing silently 



Editorial Policy 

On September 14, the Diocesan 
Communications Advisory Com- 
mittee voted to accept the following 
statement of policy regarding the The 
Communicant. 

Purpose 

The Communicant (formerly The 
North Carolina Churchman serves 
the Church by informing the people 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North 
Carolina about significant news and 
information concerning the Church- 
its parishes, missions, agencies and 
organizations— and all other such 
subjects which will stimulate con- 
structive thought and action and 
contribute to our common life of 
faith. 

Content 

The chief purpose of the 
newspaper is to enable its readers to 
make informed judgements about 
their church. News and editorial 
comment should never be mixed, and 
editorials, columns, letters to the 
editor, and other expressions of 
personal and institutional opinions 
should be clearly labeled to 
distinguish them from news stories. 
In the case of major controversial 
issues, the editor has an affirmative 
responsibility to seek expressions of 
divergent views. 

A column will be set aside in each 
issue for the Bishop if he desires to 
use that space. 



By the Rev. Barry Kramer 

Ministry to the deaf in the Diocese 
of North Carolina has been a very 
personal, one-to-one encounter 
between a priest and his people. On 
special occasions the hearing shared 
their world with the deaf, but rarely 
were the deaf able to share their 
world with the hearing. 

Upon the retirement of the Rev. 
James Fortune as Diocesan 
Missionary to the Deaf, represen- 
tatives from the deaf community met 
with Bishop Fraser and Canon Davis, 
and expressed their desire for a 
change. They wanted a priest who 
would spend more time carrying their 
needs and talents to the world of the 
hearing, as well as interpreting for 
them the special problems of 
deafness. Hence the term 
"missionary" was changed to 
"missioner", one who carries the 
mission of the Church back and forth 
between the two worlds. 

As a result, the past year has been 
one of high visibility; the deaf, and 



their ways of communication, have 
been very noticable throughout the 
Diocese. The deaf have at last been 
able to participate in the total life of 
the Diocesan family. 

The success of the past year 
demands that we maintain that high 
level of visibility, at the same time 
that we begin to develop a life of our 
own as Episcopalians within the deaf 
community. 

This column is just one more way 
of maintaining that level of visibility. It 
will be a means whereby the deaf can 
share their thoughts, needs, and 
experiences within the life of the 
Church. We hope it will help to 
dissolve that invisible barrier that 
tends to isolate those who live in a 
world of silence from all other 
Christians. 

Resources for and interest in 
ministry with the deaf abound, so 
let's get on with it. Your comments 
are invited. Come share our world of 
silence. 




Management 

The Diocese is the Sponsor of the 
publication and the source of its 
editorial freedom. Its affairs are 
committed to an editor who is 
executive in charge of all aspects of 
the publication. The editor is selected 
by the Advisory Committee which in 
turn is appointed by the Bishop. As a 
member of the Diocesan Staff, the 
editor is accountable to the Bishop. 

It is the intention of the committee 
to give general guidance to the editor, 
but not to involve itself in the routine 
operation of the newspaper, relying 
on the editor's judgement to a high 
degree in both editorial and business 
matters. 

Editorial independence means that 
the editor and the committee are 
responsible for the content and style 
of the newspaper. The Bishop does 
not exert explicit or implicit control of 
the newspaper. It is assumed that the 
Diocese will continue to support the 
newspaper financially as necessary, 
since it serves a significant com- 
munications purpose for the entire 
Diocese. 

The editor recommends a budget 
for the publication to the Committee, 
and is responsible for operating 
within the approved budget. 

In placing heavy reliance upon the 
editor's ability and judgement, the 
Committee expects to be kept in- 
formed of major decisions and 
matters of potential controversy and 
difficulty. 



letters 



The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619 919-787-6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 

NC 

Publication Number: 392580 



Letters to The Communicant must 
be received no later than the 15th of 
each month in order to be published 
in the following issue. Letters over 
500 word may be edited for length. 
All letters must be signed. Please 
send all correspondence to The 
Communicant, P.O. Box 17025, 
Raleigh, NC, 27619 



Dear Friends: 

I want to congratulate you on the 
first rate write-ups of the Diocesan 
Convention and of the coadjutor 
election — or non-election. This is 
some of the best work I've ever seen 
in the diocesan press. 

I was interested in the article on 
nuclear power — though I certainly 
disagreed with Mr. Pollard's con- 
clusions! It's nice to see issues of 
public concern brought before the 
conscience of Church members in so 
graphic a fashion. 

Since the Convention last January 
passed a resolution calling for us to 
educate ourselves on both sides of 
the J.P. Stevens-ACTWU dispute, I 
wonder whether you might not solicit 
position statements from these two 
groups and print them in parallel 
columns? It would be doing us all a 
service and would also be interesting 
reading. 

What do you say? 

Sincerely yours, 

Ellen Thompson 

Durham 



Dear Rev. Fraser: 

I am writing you regarding the 
treatment of mission churches in the 
Diocese of North Carolina. 

We here at Fork feel we have been 
slighted by the Diocese. First of all, I 
think it is great to give funds to other 
countries, missionaries etc. 
However, I feel before the Diocese 
does this they should make the 
Episcopal Church strong in America 
and especially in North Carolina. 

You are letting the seeds of decay 
set in and if the church would go I feel 
we would be able to trace it back to 
this problem. It may take a while for 
the decay in the mission churches to 
effect the bigger churches in the 
Diocese but eventually it will. The 
only question is when. 

We do not have as many votes as 
the bigger churches, but we should 
get equal treatment and support. I 
feel Christ would take care of His 
smaller weaker churches if He were 
here today. I would like to see the 
mission churches vote as a block at 
conventions, etc. Then maybe the 
Diocese would try to take better care 
of us. Every church in the Diocese 
needs the support of the Bishop. All 
that I ask is for you to take care of the 
weaker of the flock so that we may all 
grow stronger together in Christ. 

We at Fork would appreciate your 
reaction and concern. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Demsie Grimes, 

Secretary of the Vestry 

Church of the Ascension 

Fork, N.C. 



Page 4-The Communicant-October, 1978 



Special Diocesan communications insert 
Please remove 

QUESTION: 

"What do fishermen in Haiti, farmers in El Salvador, 
hospital patients in Tokyo, students at St. Augustine's 
College in Raleigh and the next generation of North 
Carolina Episcopalians all have in common? 

ANSWER: 



THE BISHOP OF NORTH CAROLINA 
POST OFFICE BOX 17025 
RALEIGH. N. C. 27609 

September 18, 19 78 



Dear Members of the Diocesan Family, 

In Greensboro last January, the Diocesan Con- 
vention approved and endorsed a $2,000,000 campaign to 
build a camp and conference center and extend the mis- 
sion of the Church at home and abroad. It is a measure 
of the good health of the Diocese that the campaign ori- 
ginated with the laity who, by their willingness to dream 
boldly, have provided us with this singular opportunity 
to work together. This is not the Bishop's campaign but 
a campaign of the people of the Diocese. 

The Campaign Committee voted against a hard-sell, 
professionally-directed approach. They asked the Bishop as 
head of the Diocesan family to assist each congregation to 
raise its fair share or better. 

I have organized the campaign with the support of 
Diocesan staff and the Venture in Mission and Camp and Con- 
ference Center Education Committees. We are off and run- 
ning on the largest capital funds drive in the history of 
the Diocese of North Carolina. We can be successful if each 
congregation raises at least three and one-half times the 
19 78 Church's Program Quota over the next four years. This 
is not a burden for anyone! 

The lay and ordained leaders of the Diocese have 
challenged themselves with a goal. Now it is time to ful- 
fill the commitment which you made last January. I expect 
the enthusiastic support of all the delegates to the 1978 
Convention in this effort. 

When the Convention meets in 1979 and we receive and 
tally all the pledges, we can be satisfied with no less than 
$2,000,000. 

Fai thfu lly, Your Bishop 



Diir B: 



The Church Gathered • . . 



WE ARE A COMMUNITY 
GATHERED BY GOD to find 
strength and direction through 
worship and prayer, education and 
fellowship. In this spirit we seek to 
build a new Diocesan Camp and 
Conference Center, to strengthen 
our inner life so that we are better 
equipped for ministry and mission; 
to enhance our life together in the 
Diocese so that people feel a closer 
tie to this larger unit of the 
worldwide Christian family; to assist 
the parishes and missions of the 
Diocese in their efforts to provide 
good education, solid spiritual 
growth and experiences in Christian 
community; and, finally, to provide to 
place in and of itself for outreach to 
those in need — the handicapped, 
the poor, the lonely. 





The Need: 

For the last eight years, the Diocese 
has been without a central gathering 
place large enough to meet the 
needs of the Diocesan family. Most 
existing conference facilities in this 
general area are either inadequate 
for housing adults, too expensive or 
too far away. A new center with 
adequate accommodations, located 
conveniently in the Piedmont 
Crescent just north of Greensboro, 
less than 25 minutes from 1-85 and 
within two hours of most of the 
Diocese, will fill a clear and present 
need, serving all of the people and 
churches of the Diocese through 
expanded programs designed to 
nurture our common life of faith. 






Lets \fenture Together! 




Venture in Mission is a major program to 
rally the spiritual and temporal resources of the 
whole Church to a new life of mission, growth 
and service. Venture in Mission means giving 
money. But first and foremost it means the 
rediscovery of mission and the unity which 
this gives our Church. 

Almost every diocese is rediscovering 
mission —alive and joyful —as it has been since 
the Apostles brought the good news to their 
world... witnessing... teaching and preaching 
...evangelizing. ..caring and giving...grovw/7c;. 

It calls each of us together, to study and 
work and pray and give, to help the Church 
respond to Christ s command to bring the 
Gospel to all men and nations. Year-around 
study materials to support Venture in Mission 



are now available in every parish and mission. 
THE FORWARD MOVEMENT has published 
a forty-eight page summary of the materials en- 
titled Pilgrimage: A Rediscovery of Mission. 
The Church is at a new moment of truth: 
the need for moral and spiritual leadership— 
now— is recorded on every front page. 

So let's Venture together in this program that is draw- 
ing together the resources of all Episcopalians everywhere. 
Write for a copy of "Questions and Answers about Venture 
in Mission. " 



VENTURE IN MISSION 
815 Second Avenue 
New York. N.Y 10017 




The Virginia Churchman 



the printed word j% 



By Benjamin P. Campbell 
Editor 

There are some things which 
simply have to be said. I'm leaving 
this page, and this work, and I regret 
it deeply. The passing hurts me— the 
sense that this is over, and that life 
only goes one way. 

When 1 arrived in this job 1 was 29 
years old. It is so strange to write that 
now. Now it seems that I've always 
been over 30. These old thirties run 
deep. Some of the hidden caverns in 
my soul have been exposed. It is 
good, some of it. It is bad. But all of it 
together is a lot more than 29. 

When I arrived in this job I believed 
that most people in the church 
believed in the power and the beauty 
and the importance of truth— and 
wanted journalists to help them 
search for it. 

I believed that truth served God, 
and that God could take care of 
whatever the truth turned up, good or 
bad, pleasant or unpleasant. In fact, 
God's good news was precisely that 



we didn't have to be afraid of truth; 
that reality was, ultimately, good. 

It was a naive faith. It was naive 
about people. It was naive about the 
complicated relationship between 
truth and journalism. 

But most of all, it was naive about 
the church. I found that the kind of 
religious journalism I had come to 
expect, mostly from reading my 
predecessor's work in The Virgina 
Churchman, was not ordinary 
religious journalism at all. On the 
contrary, it was very unusual. 

To my increasing horror, I 
discovered that forthrightness was 
often discouraged in the church, even 
by professionals in communications. 
I tried not to see it, it distressed me so 
much. I began to mistrust myself, and 
found much fault there. 

But the problem was not mine 
alone. By all sorts of policies and 
pressures, hidden and overt, I found 
that some of the leaders of the 
Episcopal Church tried to prevent 
open journalism. They were ignorant. 



how others see us 



By Kathryn Lindskoog 

The Powers That Be in the 
Episcopal Radio-TV Foundation 
didn't even know that C.S. Lewis's 
Christian fantasy The Lion, the 
Witch and the Wardrobe existed until 
about ten years after it hit the stores 
and hit people's hearts. When they 
found out about it they wanted to buy 
the rights to it. So they did, after 
Lewis was dead. 

They paid $100,000 to their friends 
the Trustees of the Estate of C. S. 
Lewis for the film rights to Namia and 
have been busy turning down all 
requests for dramatic adaptations 
and other creative uses of the story 
ever since. It is said they get several 
requests a week, and they are too 
busy to do anything but say " no", no 
matter who asks. One of their biggest 
vetoes was to the musical group "The 
Second Chapter of Acts," which had 
already written, produced, and 
advertised an album of Namia songs 
for Myrrh Records. The impression of 
Buck Herring, manager of the group, 
was that the Episcopal Foundation 
doesn't want other people using the 
copyrighted words Namia and Asian. 
(It happens that Namia is an old 
village on the river Nam in Italy, and 
Asian is the Turkish word for lion. It 
would be fun to try to copyright the 
entire land of Italy and the whole 
Turkish language just to see what 
happens.) 

Now Kraft Co. provides the 
necessary miracle spread for the 
Episcopal Church and is investing 
three million dollars in the project. 
Production of a two-hour animated 
TV version of The Lion, the Witch 
and the Wardrobe to be aired in the 
spring of 1979 is costing $1 .5 million, 
and another $1.5 million for the 
airtime, advertising and promotion. 
Somewhere in there the Foundation 
gets its $100,000 worth. 

Although Kraft's $3,000,000 is 
doing all the work, the Episcopal 



Foundation wants to back up its 
original $100,000 investment with 
$70,000 in 1978 and $70,000 in 
1979 for "legal service, production 
and theological consultants, travel, 
and related activities'' and is politely 
requesting donations. No one in this 
project has ever sent so much as one 
letter to Pauline Baynes, Lewis's 
chosen illustrator of the Namian 
Chronicles and a Kate Greenaway 
award-winning artist hi England (who 
said she would have been delighted to 
have been consulted). Oh well, 
there's a limit to what activities can 
be related when your budget is only 
$3,240,000 and you're devoted to 
quality. 

The Foundation states primly that 
if money were its goal, it could have 
made a lot by selling rights to other 
organizations which have also 
desired to make films of Namia. 
(What if charity were its goal? It 
doesn't say.) William Beers, chairman 
of Kraft, says that this is a rare 
opportunity for Kraft to show the 
U.S. TV audience a classic literature 
adventure that "portrays basic human 
qualities like honesty, loyalty, and 
friendship." He doesn't say why such 
an opportunity is rare. Such churchly 
and krafty altruism is a bit un- 
derwhelming when announced by 
powerful people who have made it 
and are now making more. 

What C.S. Lewis himself said right 
after publication of The Lion, The 
Witch and the Wardrobe was, "My 
own feeling is that a literary idea 
ought to belong to anyone who can 
use it and that literary property is a 
sort of Simony."(Simony is the sin of 
selling sacred things for profit.) Is this 
a case of simon-pure simony? Maybe 
not. But goodness knows that 
nowadays no one in business(even 
church business) cares about the 
feelings of an impractical, generous 
Christian like C.S. Lewis. 



They lied. They were afraid. And 
some didn't believe in truth at all. 

Here in Virginia, the same 
pressures against honest religious 
reporting exist, but they are not in 
control. So long as we have a bishop 
who insists on a free newspaper, a 
diverse group of readers who won't 
accept anything less, and writers who 
are courageous, we can keep what 
we have. I do not understand why 
Virginia has been given a free 
newspaper, but I am very thankful. 

I have come to the conclusion that 
it is the readers, ultimately, who must 
insist on honest journalism in the 
church and elsewhere. For they are 
the only constituency which the truth 
has. Everybody else has some reason 
to duck it. 

Institutions are threatened by truth, 
including religious institutions, and 
especially whenever there is money 
(or the fear of money) involved. 
Sources and advertisers and 
politicians can make life hard for a 
writer. Publishers don't always have 
the truth at heart. Only the reporter's 
contract with the readers can give a 
newspaper integrity. And only the 
readers can protect the reporter from 
retaliation. 

It is easy to give up on truth, 
particularly when you learn the cost 
and tire of paying it. Telling the truth 
is sometimes nothing less than 
standing at the foot of Jesus's cross, 
hearing his agonized cry, seeing no 
hope — and reporting what you see. 

Unfortunately for those of us who 
are weak at heart, nothing less than 
the truth will, ultimately, lead on 
through to the resurrection. How 
often I have wished there could be 



books 



some other way. 

I understand wanting to hide from 
the truth. I understand that the best 
route to the truth is often a crazy line. 
But I still don't understand why so 
many Christians don't see the 
ultimate futility in hiding from the 
truth. It makes the final judgement so 
much harder. 

Now as for myself: I am following 
some mysterious truth within me 
which I cannot name. I know it needs 
time and space to blossom, and I 
pray and hope that it will bring 
healing and love to the troubled parts 
of my soul. I wish I didn't have to stop 
the job for the sake of this inner truth, 
but time only goes one way— and this 
is the way, now, for me. 

I've wondered if it is in bad taste for 
me to tell you all this. In some ways it 
is. 

But part of you, and part of me, 
also knows that it's only right. We 
know that readers and writers are 
related, however faintly, and we can, 
and do, honor that relationship. I 
want you to know how I am feeling, 
and what I am thinking, at this time. 

It has been an interesting eight 
years for me personally, and for me 
as a journalist/member of the 
Episcopal Church. It has brought me 
closer to God, and to the world, and 
made me a little more cautious and 
complex in my attitudes toward 
religious institutions. 

It's helped me to know what I think 
is important— and what I think is a 
waste of time. 

And it's helped me to know that, 
although I love this job, it's time to 
quit now and spend a year of my life 
on myself and my family. 




Reprinted with permission from The Reformed Journal , May 1978. 



By Joanne Reiners 

Families, by Jane Howard. Simon 
& Schuster, 1978. $9.95. 

I once heard a parish priest boast 
that he never socialized with 
members of his congregation. I had 
just returned from three years of 
living on the Arctic Coast with a 
small group of Eskimos. I could have 
suvived in that little village without 
'socializing', but life would have been 
a lonely endeavor, and without the 
care and concern I received at the 
hands of the Eskimos, I would have 
cried a lot more than I did. The 
people of that little mission had 
become my 'extended family'. 

Jane Howard's newest book, 
Families, is a testimony to the good 
news that families, both the ones we 
are bom into and the ones we pick up 
along the way, help us keep a basic 
hold on reality. "The trouble we take 
to arrange ourselves in some sem- 
blance of families," as Howard points 
out, "is one of the most imperishable 
habits of the human race." 

Howard's book has much to say to 
the family we call 'church'. Anyone 
who baptizes babies, presents young 
people for confirmation, counsels 
couples about to be married and 
visits the lonely and the sick, feels 
hesitant about passing the peace and 
talks only to those one knows at 
coffee hours will gain courage and 
optimism from these pages, 



especially from the final chapter, "A 
Peck of Salt". 

Jane Howard writes: "Good 
families are hospitable. Knowing that 
hosts need guests as much as guests 
need hosts, they are generous with 
honorary memberships for friends, 
whom they urge to come early and 
often and to stay late. Such clans 
exude a vivid sense of surrounding 
rings of relatives, neighbors, 
teachers, students and godparents, 
any of whom at any time might break 
or slide into the inner circle." 

I now realize that my family has 
been doing just that for years. The 
Easter Sunday dinner, with an 80 
year-old lady sitting on the sofa, 
hearing aid ringing in a persistent 
whine; a 15 year-old girl, drumming 
her fingers on the arms of a rocking 
chair, responds in a loud voice, bored 
out of her mind. Two young children 
of a divorced couple play with their 
little baskets of Easter eggs; others sit 
sipping sherry while the ham bubbles 
in the oven. For one brief afternoon, 
we are a clan. 

There aren't many books around 
these days that make you feel good 
when you finish the final page. Spend 
a few hours with Jane Howard as she 
crosses the continent exploring the 
various private myths, jokes and 
rituals which contribute to the 
richness of family life. Her 'families' 
will teach you much about yours. 



Page 5-1 he Communicant-October, 1978 



ECW supports aid to migrants 



By Christopher Walters- 
Bugbee It's early, just past eight, 
and the ground is still wet with dew, 
but Mary Ellen Fields already feels 
the sun's heat building on the back of 
her neck as she makes her way 
across a dozen rows of cucumbers to 
where Fred, a heavyset young man, 
stands while fifteen men work around 
him. 

Mary Ellen, 25, works for the 
Catholic-sponsored East Coast 
Migrant Health Project as a medical 
outreach worker with the Tri-County 
Community Health Center in Newton 
Grove. Fred leads a migrant crew, 
three months out of Florida on a 
route which will take them into New 
Jersey by fall. 

Once they leave the farm labor 
communities on the outskirts of 
Tampa, Bellglade or Miami in May, 
migrants are completely dependent 
upon their crew leader for survival. 
The cost of transportation, food, 
clothing and other personal needs is 
deducted from their future pay. 

Many are in debt long before they 
have worked their first crop, and the 
frequent lay-offs due to weather or 
crop conditions only serve to increase 
that indebtedness and dependency. 

It's a cycle which often leads to 
involuntary servitude, and finds many 
workers back in Florida at the end of 
November with little more than 
pocket money to show for their five 




g£ vV^r' f 



months of hard labor in the fields, 
and hard living in the camps. And 
that's if they don't get sick. 

Once a migrant gets sick, a hard 
life gets even harder. The crew boss 
can't use them and the growers don't 
want them. In debt, unable to work, 
they have no money for the trip back 
home, and no way to earn any. They 
can't work, they can't afford to leave 
and the growers won't let them stay. 

Lewis is sick. Ignored by the other 
workers he squat by the end of a row, 
eyeing the crew leader. Nobody in 
this crew looks well, but Lewis is 
clearly sick. His body, sixty years 
frail, shakes with an occasional 
tremor. He waits silently while Mary 
Ellen talks with Fred. 

Of the estimated 188,000 migrant 
workers in the United States, some 
10,000 can be found in N.C. as the 
season's peak swells the hundreds of 
camps scattered across the farms of 
Johnston, Sampson and Harnett 
counties. For most of them, the Tri- 
County Clinic is their only source of 
health care. 

Using a team of doctors, family 
nurse practitioners, nurses and 
medical outreach workers, the 
Federally-funded clinic provides 
comprehensive medical services to 
the 6-10,000 migrant and seasonal 
farmworkers whose labor is an 
essential part of the economy of 
these counties in the central part of 
the state. 

The clinic itself occupies an old 
store at a dusty crossroads just 
outside of Newton Grove. Ap- 
pointments are on a walk-in basis, 
and the office is open five days and 
three nights every week. 

In addition, clinic staff use a mobile 
health unit to bring health care to the 
workers in the fields, a service which 
worker, crew leader and grower alike 
appreciate, though not necessarily for 
the same reasons. 







Mary Ellen has come out amid the 
cucumbers this morning to arrange 
for Fred's crew to meet the mobile 
unit when it sets up at a nearby 
crossroad later in the day. The 
doctors think there is a good chance 
that Lewis has tuberculosis, so today 
they plan to screen the other migrants 
in the camp for TB. 

Last July Mrs. Scott Evans, 
President of Diocesan ECW, and 
Mrs. Blair Bryan, ECW Secretary of 
Christian Social Relations, spent a 
day at the clinic in Newton Grove 
with the Rev. Lex Matthews, Director 
of Christian Social Ministries for the 
Diocese. There they discovered that 
migrant workers who needed to 
return to their homes due to illness or 
personal problems had no one to turn 
to. Most could not meet the eligibility 
requirements of the state service 
agencies, and the clinic had no 
money to give them for food and 
transportation. 

After completing a study of the 
needs of North Carolina's migrant 
workers, the Diocesan ECW 
established a Discretionary Fund for 
Migrants, administered by a com- 
mittee composed of Mrs. Blair Bryan, 
Mrs. Oscar Cranz and Mrs. John 
McManus. The committe works 
closely with Mary Ellen, and screens 



requests for aid as they receive them 
from the clinic staff. 

The arrangements concluded, 
Mary Ellen picks up the sagging 
wooden tomato crate which serves 
Lewis as luggage, and gently helps 
him into the cab of her pick-up. Lewis 
will ride back to the clinic with Mary 
Ellen, and be taken from there to 
Memorial Hospital in Chapet Hill for 
further diagnosis. 

If he can be treated, he will be 
driven back to the camp when he is 
able to work. If he must remain in the 
hospital, Mary Ellen will see that he 
receives transportation back home 
once he is able to travel. It's all part of 
her job. 

In any case the chances are good 
that the money she will use for 
Lewis's transportation will come from 
the Discretionary Fund for Migrants, 
established this summer by the 
Episcopal Churchwomen of the 
Diocese of North Carolina. 
"Migrants like this man and many 
others do not receive many of the 
benefits which we normally take for 
granted as residents of this state," 
Mrs. Bryan explains. "By establishing 
this fund, we hope to alleviate some 
of the needs and suffering of those of 
God's children who are desperate." 



Three more projects selected for VIM 



Raleigh, Sept. 19— The Diocesan 
Council voted this afternoon to select 
three projects within the Diocese to 
receive $179,000 in special funding 
as part of the $2,000,000 Campaign. 

The three projects to be funded are 
a Student Scholarship Fund for St. 
Mary's College, Raleigh, a resident 
chaplaincy program for the Episcopal 
Child Care Services, Charlotte, and 
the Diocesan Parish Grant Program. 

Since its founding in 1842, St. 
Mary's has had close ties to the 
Diocese of North Carolina as the only 
two-year women's college in the 
United States affiliated with the 
Episcopal Church. The grant to St. 
Mary's is expected to total $50,000, 
and will be placed in a special en- 
dowment fund named in honor of the 
Diocese of North Carolina. The fund 
will be used to endow scholarships 
for students who would not otherwise 
have the resources toattend St. 
Mary's. 

The second project, named to 
receive a total of $49,000 in 
Diocesan VIM money, involves the 
Thompson Children's Home of the 
Episcopal Child Care Services. The 
Thompson Home has a long history 
as an institution of the Diocese of 
North Carolina. In recent years it has 
moved increasingly into the care and 
treatment of emotionally disturbed 



children. 

In his grant application, John 
Powell, Executive Director of the 
Child Care Services, stressed the 
important role the Church's ordained 
ministry could play in the overall 
program of therapy. Powell has 
asked for "seed money" with which to 
begin funding a chaplain as a full-time 
member of the Home's treatment 
team. The chaplain is to serve as 
counselor, celebrant and teacher for 
children and staff alike, enabling the ' 
healing that regular worship can 
provide through the Gospel of 
wholeness, love and acceptance. 

The Thompson Home is scheduled 
to receive a total of $49,000 in in- 
crements of $25,000, $16,000 and 
$8,000 over a three year period. At 
the end of the third year, the Home 
will assume full responsibility for the 
program as part of its operating 
budget. 

Of the total amount earmarked 
thus far, the remaining $80,000 has 
been designated for the Diocesan 
Parish Grant Program, headed by 
Bob Herford of Henderson. The 
Parish Grant Program provides "seed 
money" grants for outreach programs 
to parishes and missions on a 
matching basis. 

The program is intended to 
strengthen the Church's ministry to 



community organizations established 
to meet pressing human needs in a 
given locale. Grants totalled $18,600 
in 1977, and involved programs 
throughout the Diocese in everything 
from hunger to social services for 
senior citizens. 

Funding of the Parish Grant 
Program has been sporadic from its 
inception. The $80,000 grant 
through Venture In Mission will 
provide a stable income and ennable 
to Parish Grant Program to continue 
to foster the development of local, 
community-based outreach 
programs. 

The 162nd Diocesan Convention 
authorized a $2,000,000 capital 



funds campaign, and earmarked 
$200,000 for expenditure in mission 
within the Diocese. The three grants 
made thus far total $179,000, leaving 
$21,000 still available. 

Receipt of these projected grants 
depends on the results of the current 
$2,000,000 Campaign. The actual 
amounts of the grants will be made 
final once the campaign pledges are 
totalled at the 1979 Diocesan 
Convention in Raleigh. 

The Venture In Mission Education 
Committee is composed of Mrs. J. 
Haywood Evans, and the Rev. 
Messers. Bart Sherman, Harrison 
Simons and Nicholson B. White, 
chairman. 



Three to assist with 
confirmations 



The Rt. Rev. John E. Hines, the Rt. 
Rev. Arnold M. Lewis and the Rt. 
Rev. Clarence E. Hobgood will be 
assisting Bishop Thomas A. Fraser 
with confirmations in the Diocese of 
North Carolina for the remainder of 
1978, according to a statement 
issued by Bishop Fraser's office this 
week. 

The absence of resident episcopal 



assistance and the additional 
responsibility for the Diocesan 
$2,000,000 Campaign were the 
reasons given for the decision. 

The Rt. Rev. John E. Hines is the 
retired Presiding Bishop, and the Rt. 
Rev. Arnold M. Lewis and the Rt. 
Rev. Clarence E. Hobgood are the 
retired Bishops for the Armed 
Forces. 



Page 6-The Communicant-October. 1978 



Bishop reports on Lambeth '78 



By The Rt. Rev. 
Thomas A. Fraser 






On a windswept, rain-soaked hill 
overlooking the ancient English town 
of Canterbury sits the small, modem 
university of Kent. Here three 
hundred and fifty diocesan bishops, 
fifty or more representatives of the 
wider Episcopal fellowship, and 
observers from other communions 
joined for three weeks this summer in 
the 1978 Lambeth Conference. 

On the days we were blessed by 
the sun, this historical and ar- 
chitectural gem, the great Cathedral 
of Canterbury, the home of the 
Anglican family, stood boldly against 
this small, quaint town not far from 
the English Channel. 

The affairs of the Church and the 
world occupied our attention from the 
6:00 a.m. rising bell until we opened 
the windows and pulled up the 
blankets around 11:00 o'clock each 
night. We lived, ate, and slept in the 
same buildings. We worshiped and 
gathered together at coffee and tea 
breaks, in small groups and in plenary 
session. 

Since the so-called Anglican 
Communion is now a multi-lingual 
family of diverse cultures, histories, 
political and economic points of view, 
with a heavy concentration from the 
Third World, it was an exciting and 
enlightening experience. The con- 
ference was marked by diversity of 
opinion, and the speeches and 
debates were at once sobering and 
challenging. 

For three weeks, Conference 
participants struggled to understand 
what God really expects of Christians 
as we live out our lives in this world. 
The subject before us — Church and 
Society — was broken down into 
particular issues ranging from 
technology and the ordination of 
women to hunger and the Christian 
use of violence. And, as with most 
things in life, there was good news 
and bad news. In general the good 
news came from the Third World and 
the bad news came from the West. 

For example, church membership 
in the West is diminishing because for 
many the institutional church has 
ceased to be a satisfactory ex- 
pression of Christianity. Yet the 
Third World is experiencing an 
explosion in church membership, and 
sent one- third of the participants in 
the Conference. 

In the Anglican Province of 
Uganda, the number of baptized 
people has doubled in ten years, and 
the West African Province alone has 
almost a million more members than 
the Church in the United States. The 
Third World is the source of growth 
in the Anglican Communion; the 
western domination of the Church 
looks to be largely a thing of the 
past. The bad news from the West 
contrasts sharply with the good news 
emanating from the Third World: 

•We in the West have an over- 
supply of clergy; the Church in the 
Third World cannot ordain clergy fast 
enough to keep up with the rapid 
growth in congregations. 

•While we in the West are closing 
churches, Christians in the Third 
World are desperately trying to build 
them. 

•Our congregations dwindle and 
costs rise, while Third World 
congregations double and the Church 
rums to new forms of ministry to 
meet the needs of a rapidly ex- 
panding population. 



•The missionary efforts of the 
churches in the West are impeded by 
inflation and nationalism; churches in 
the Third World push for an in- 
digenous ministry which coexists 
with the ideology of national leaders 
where possible, and challenges the 
local political and economic power 
structures where necessary. 

These new Christians of the Third 
World are also challenging the 
Christians of the West on their waste 
of food, labor, energy and money. 
They feel that the tax structures of 
the affluent West, particularly as they 
affect imports and exports, are 
oppressive to the development of the 
emerging nations of the world. 

But the news from the West was 
not all bad. Much of it I found helpful 
and inspiring. The ordination of 



clearly in one of the small meetings I 
attended. There he announced quite 
openly that he was training and 
ordaining doctors, lawyers, bankers 
and businessmen in preparation for 
the day when his nation's oppressive 
government would come and take 
him and his clergy away, forcing the 
Church to go underground. 

Lambeth 1978 offered proof that 
all around the world the Church is 
giving birth to new forms and styles 
of ministry, some by insight, some 
out of need, some made inevitable by 
the social, political and economic 
realities of the times in which we live. 

Lambeth 1978 also brought us 
face to face with people whose faith 
was growing stronger in spite of a 
constant burden of oppression. One 
Bishop, serving in Northern Ireland, 




women which many believed would 
lead to deeper and wider divisions in 
the Church failed to do so. True, the 
American church was gently spanked 
for moving ahead unilaterally in 1976 
in spite of objections by the Roman 
Catholic and Greek Orthodox 
hierarchies. Yet after everyone from 
Constantinople, Athens and Rome 
had had their say, the delegates 
agreed upon a resolution calling for 
full acceptance within the Anglican 
Communion of member churches 
which do, and those which do not, 
ordain women to the priesthood. The 
resolution passed 316 to 37 with 17 
abstentions. 

Further, there was evidence that 
the Church is better prepared than 
ever before to recognize that the 
ministry of the laity can not be limited 
to teaching Sunday School or serving 
as an usher on Sunday morning. 

Because lay people serve God in 
many different ways, the Conference 
strongly emphasized the need for 
Bishops to stop meeting separately, 
joining instead with the laity and 
clergy in a common legislative 
session where each may reap the 
benefit of each other's thinking. 

If the Church really is the Body of 
Christ of which all baptized people 
are members, then one way to solve 
the problem of authority might be to 
give each person an opportunity to 
participate in decision making. In any 
case, it is clear that Bishops need to 
abdicate the unwarranted primacy 
and aristocratic features of their 
office and willingly give way to more 
consultation with clergy and laity. 

That the Church is being led into 
many of these changes by the forces 
of history is one of the lessons of 
Lambeth 1978. One Bishop from the 
Third World made this point very 



told me of visiting a small 
congregation for confirmation. He 
normally made it a practice to meet 
the children before the service, and 
this time was very much taken with a 
young boy about fifteen years old. A 
year later, while the Bishop was 
visiting the same congregation, the 
boy came forward, introduced 
himself, and asked the Bishop if he 
might see him after the service. With 
a little bit of humor the Bishop asked, 
"Son, do you remember what I 
preached about at your con- 
firmation?" "Yes, I do," he replied. 

Just as the reception was ending, 
and after almost everyone had gone 
home, the Bishop found the boy 
again at his side. "Bishop," he said, 
"when I was confirmed you preached 
on the cost of discipleship." With that 
he handed the Bishop a WWII U.S. 
Army service revolver and left before 
the Bishop could stop him. 

Very much disturbed, the Bishop 
went to visit the boy's parents and 
learned from his mother that some 
three or four weeks earlier, two men 
had come to the house in the middle 
of the night and demanded to talk to 
their son. They gave him the revolver 
and the name of the person he was to 
kill. The boy didn't speak to his 
parents for a week. Finally he told 
them that he had promised God at 
his confirmation that he would not 
become involved in killing as so many 
of his contemporaries had. The 
Bishop left the house deeply moved. 

A month later he was called back 
to the parish to bury the child. The 
young boy had been found in a sack, 
shot once through the head. 

In this same diocese, Anglicans, 
Roman Catholics, and Evangelicals 
have all been brought together in 
determined opposition to this sen- 



seless wave of uncontrolled violence. 
The stories that the Irish Bishops told 
of thousands of people marching side 
by side, opposing in the name of 
Christ the murder of innocent people 
stirred our hearts and challenge our 
own convictions. 

The diversity of the Anglican 
Communion was particularly ap- 
parent in response to an an- 
nouncement made during our 
meeting by the World Council of 
Churches that they had given 
$85,000 to a tribal coalition now 
fighting in South Africa, to be used 
for medicine, food, and health care. 
The announcement set off a debate 
on the Christian use of violence 
between African Bishops who feel it 
may be their last hope for freedom 
and justice, and the Irish Bishops 
whose dioceses and people have 
been torn by years of senseless, 
tragic and uncontrolled violence. 

It is hard to live in a world which is 
torn asunder, whose division forces 
us into different understandings of 
the Gospel. But it is strengthening to 
feel the conviction of people who 
despite different cultures and dif- 
ferent countries, different languages 
and different colors, are all drawn 
together by a common committment 
to Jesus Christ. In spite of all the 
problems facing the institutional 
church, in spite of all of the bad news, 
Christianity remains the most 
compelling and reasonable ex- 
planation of the meaning of life, and 
the most viable way of life. 

So-we can rejoice in the good 
news. But what are we to do about 
the bad news? I believe our Lord 
gives us a clue in the Gospel of St. 
Luke. We in the West are affluent 
and successful in the things of this 
world, but affluence alone is not the 
problem. It alone was not the 
problem of the rich man whose land 
brought forth plentifully, nor was he 
necessarily in error simply because he 
was thinking about building bams to 
store his crops. No, his error was that 
he couldn't think about anything else. 
Clearly, the man had his priorities in 
the wrong order; he needed to review 
his values. 

According to the parable, this 
man's only goal in life, the object of 
all his wisdom and energy, was to 
relax, drink and be merry. That is 
why the parable concludes, "Fool, 
this night your soul is required of you; 
and the things you have prepared, 
whose will they be " 

This is what we need to do about 
the bad news. We need to review our 
values. When the world spends an 
average of $15,000 a year to train a 
soldier, and only $230 to educate a 
child, then clearly we need to take 
another look at our priorities. We in 
the West need to so adjust our 
present lifestyle in order that all the 
money, energy, labor and food that 
we presently waste can be used in the 
worldwide effort to achieve peace. 

When Jesus said, "Seek first the 
kingdom of God, then all these things 
shall be added unto you," he was 
simply saying 'Get your values 
straight, then all the other things you 
really need shall be yours.' 

This is a subject that is easy to talk 
about but not always easy to face 
realistically. So we must remember 
that our Lord also said to the rich 
young ruler, "What is impossible with 
men is possible with God." 



Page 7-The Communicant-October. 1978 




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The COMMUNICANT 



Sewing the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 




Volume 68. Number 7 November, 1978 



House censures 
Chambers; vote 
means no trial 



First pledges 
received campaign 
office reports 



KANSAS CITY, Mo. (RNS)-The 
House of Bishops of the Episcopal 
Church took action here against retired 
Bishop Albert Chambers and four other 
bishops judged to be in defiance of their 
colleagues and Church discipline. It took 
seven resolutions. 

Following the censure of Bishop 
Chambers for consecrating bishops in 
the breakaway Anglican Church of 
North America, 14 bishops withdrew 
their formal presentment of charges 
against him, ending the threat of a 
Church trial. 

Bishop Chambers could not be 
reached for comment. However the 
House of Bishops released a statement 
issued by Bishop Chambers and its 
Committee on Church Relations. The 
statement said that since March 15, 
Bishop Chambers "has refused to 
confirm, preach or function in any way 
in either the Episcopal Church or the 
Anglican Church of North America, 
(ACNA)'and expressed his intention to 
remain inactive in ACNA. 

Prolonged and heated debate ac- 
companied other resolutions declaring 
that four bishops who ordained women 
to the priesthood before the 1976 
General Convention authorization "have 
broken fellowship with the House of 
Bishops. 

The four cited for irregularly ordaining 
women are no longer active. They are 
Bishop Robert DeWitt, who resigned as 
Bishop of Philadelphia; and retired 
Bishops Daniel Corrigan and George 
Barrett, both residing in Santa Barbara, 
Calif., and Edward Welles, of Manset, 
Maine. 

These resolutions "reminded the 
Church" that in 1974 the House cen- 
sured Bishops DeWitt, Corrigan and 
Welles and in 1975, "decried the ac- 
tions" of Bishop Barrett. 

One resolution asked that the House 
secretary notify those bishops that "they 
betrayed the trust that the Church 
placed in them in their consecration, and 
have broken fellowship with the House 
of Bishops." This resolution passed by a 
61-41 vote. 

It concluded by asking that questions 
be raised with the four "concerning their 
continued participation in the 
deliberations of the House, and report 
the results of such discussions to the 
next meeting of this House." 

One resolution asked that canons be 
prepared for the 1979 General Con 
vention which will "provide a way for the 
Church to express itself clearly in the 
future when actions of a bishop threaten 
the discipline and order of the Church." 

The presentment against Bishop 
Chambers was withdrawn when 14 of 
the 16 bishops withdrew their support of 
it. Such a presentment needs the 
signature of at least three bishops to 
take effect. A presentment is essentially 
the prelude to an ecclesiastical trial. 

Bishop David Reed of Kentucky, 
speaking for the 14 bishops, announced 
a plan to resolve this matter, "without 
the costly and painful process of a trial. 
We don't want a trial any more than 
anyone else does." 



Bishop Thomas Fraser, one of the 16 
bishops who had originally signed the 
presentment in June, disagreed. 
"The canons are not clear, and I'd like to 
test them," Bishop Fraser explained. " If 
the nature of the Church permits 
bishops to act (in these ways), we need 
to find that out, and quickly." 

"It would be worth the cost," he 
argued. "It would clear the air; and it 
would give grounds for dealing equitably 
with both bishops and priests, and many 
priests have been deposed for affiliating 
with the new denomination". 

Bishop John Coburn of 
Massachusetts opposed a trial, saying "I 
can't envision anything but infinite 
tragedy for the Church if Bishop 
Chambers goes to trial. No one can 



RALEIGH-The $2 million Diocesan 
Campaign has gotten off to a good start, 
according to Campaign Coordinator 
Polly Downward. With the campaign 
just over a month old, the Diocese has 
received pledges totalling $164,420 
from churches large and small. 

In addition, a number of parishes have 
indicated that they have set fund-raising 
goals totalling another $117,848. 
Counting both goals and pledges 
received to date, the Campaign has 
committments amounting to more than 
14% of the $2 million targeted for the 
construction of a camp and conference 
center and support of Venture in 
Mission. 

The churches which have announced 
pledges include St. Joseph's, Durham, 
Christ Church, Charlotte, and Calvary, 
Tarboro. Those which have set goals 
include St. Mary's, High Point, Em- 
manuel, Southern Pines, and Grace 



Church, Lexington. 

The six churches report that they plan 
to raise the money through a com- 
bination of individual gifts, special 
offerings, loose Sunday offerings, line 
items in the operating budget, special 
fund-raising projects, and annual 
Mission Sunday offerings. 

Judging from the reports received to 
date, the response to the campaign has 
been "very enthusiastic", according to 
Mrs. Downward. 

The Rev. Frank Vest, Rector of Christ 
Church, Charlotte, agrees. "The Vestry 
is very excited about the campaign, and 
I feel their plans for raising the funds are 
realistic." 

The Rev. Herbert Gravely, interim priest 
at Emmanuel, Southern Pines, reports 
that the Vestry not only adopted their 
goal by unanimous decis j i. but has 
also declared their intent to involve every 
single parishioner in the campain effort. 




Haiti has the densest population in Latin America and the poorest economy in the Western Hemisphere. 



Tarheel doctors to work in Haiti 



CHARLOTTE— Come April, North 
Carolina Episcopalians will be working 
in Haiti, if the Venture in Mission 
Educational Committee has anything to 
say about it. 

The committee has just received the 
approval of the Rt. Rev. Luc Gamier, 
Bishop of the Diocese of Haiti, for a 
proposal which may see doctors and 
nurses from this diocese working 
alongside Haitian health care 
professionals as early as April, 1979. 

The proposed medical project is the 
first in the committee's effort to provide 
opportunities for people-to-people 
contact between North Carolinians and 
the people of those overseas areas 
targeted for support through our 
diocesan Venture in Mission. 

The Episcopal Diocese of Haiti, under 
the leadership of the Rt. Rev. Luc 
Gamier, had established a system of 
hospitals and clinics to provide badly 
needed medical care to people 
throughout the country. 

Last August, the Rev. N. B. White, 
chairman of the diocesan VIM 
Education Committee, and Dr. James F. 
Alexander, a Charlotte internist, met 
with Bishop Gamier in Haiti to discuss 



ways in which North Carolina health 
care professionals might assist in 
providing expanded health services to 
the Haitian people. 

Travelling to Leogane, the three men 
toured the Hospital St. Croix, a 30-bed 
general hospital operated jointly by the 
Diocese of Haiti and the Presbyterian 
Church, before visiting clinics at Dar- 
bonne and Montrouis. All three facilities 
are supported by the Haitian diocese, 
and are badly in need of additional 
assistance. 

Upon their return to the U.S., White 
and Alexander drew up the proposal for 
the project which has subsequently 
received the enthusiastic endorsement 
of both Bishop Gamier and Bishop 
Fraser. 

The project calls for teams of six 
doctors and nurses to work out of the 
hospital at Leogane. Each team would 
stay 8-10 days, and work under the 
direction of the Haitian staff to sup- 
plement the hospital's surgical service. 
At least two such visitations are planned 
for the program's first year. 

The project would also send a smaller 
team of 2-3 dentists and staff to work 
out of the diocese's 2 -chair dental clinic 



and out-patient facility at Montrouis: 

In addition, the proposal calls for a 
series of teaching clinics on hyper- 
tension and disease control, to be 
staffed, equipped and supplied by North 
Carolinians. 

Teams will hold a series of hyper- 
tension and immunization clinics for the 
local populace and train Haitian priests 
and lay readers in disease detection and 
treatment. 

Some 25 priests and 180 lay readers 
already serve over 42,000 people in the 
diocese's 88 missions spread 
throughout the country. Many of these 
are in remote areas, far from even the 
most rudimentary health care services. 

These men are already widely known 
and respected. The proposed teaching 
clinics will utililize this existing network 
to produce nearly 200 trained medical 
para-professionals, increasing 
dramatically Haiti's resources for health 
care. 

Present plans call for the first medical 
team to arrive in Haiti in April, 1979. 
For further information, contact the Rev. 
N. B. White, Christ Church, P.O. Box 
6124, Charlotte, NC 28207. 



J 



newsbriefs 



state and local 



people 



Donuts to dollars 




Gamer— St. Christopher's, Gamer, is 
getting a reputation for donuts— 21, 000 of 
them. That's how many they made and sold 
during the 1978 NC State Fair in Raleigh in 
late October. 

Nancy Harty brought the idea with her 
from Minnesota when she and her husband 
Keith, an engineer with IBM, moved to 
Gamer three years ago. 

She also brought with her a desire to find 
a small church. "We'd been part of a big 
church in the past, and felt we'd get to know 
more people in a smaller one. Since neither 
of us had any family here, that was really 
important." 

They found their " small, friendly church" 
in St. Christopher's just at a time when the 
parishioners were looking for a fund-raising 
project, and it has been donuts-to-dollars 
ever since. 

Sales have improved with each year, as 
"the mini-donut", a bite-sized, warm-from-the- 
fryer, cinnamon-and-sugar-covered delectable, 
catches on with fair-goers. Sales of 21,000 
donuts may not be a threat to either Krispy 
Kreme or Dunkin' Donuts, but it is expected 
to add approximately $1,000 to St. 
Christopher's maintenance fund. 

Besides, the 25 donut-makers seemed to 
enjoy themselves. "You meet some in- 
teresting folks out here," explains Nancy 
Harry. 

"One woman came by who clearly didn't 
want anything until she saw the sign. Then 
she bought a cup of coffee and turned to her 
five year-old daughter and said 'Wouldn't you 
like some donuts? The daughter, who looked 
real sleepy, shook her head. 'But these are 
good Episcopalians — Are you sure you don't 
want some donuts? " 




Cows across the water 

Cary— Since last Spring, the children and 
adults of St. Paul's, Cary have been con- 
tributing to Heifer Project International (HPI) 
a non- profit organization founded more than 
30 years ago to help hungry people help 
themselves. HPI gives livestock and training 
to needy families in the U.S. and throughout 
the world. 

Donors may select what kind of animals 
they want their money to purchase— cows, 
goats, pigs, sheep, rabbits, chickens, or bees. 
Also, HPI tells the donor to which country 
the animals have been sent. Animals are 
usually pregnant when shipped, and the 
receiving family is required to give the first 
offspring to another needy family— truly a gift 
that multiplies! 

Children and adults at St. Paul's come 
forward each Sunday to make a special 
offering in celebration of birthdays and 
anniversaries. The accumulated pennies, 
dimes, and dollars purchased several flocks 
of chickens which were sent to Belize, 
Central America. As we continue to knick 
away at world hunger, HPI offers a direct 
and dignified approach to helping the needy. 
Enthusiastic parishioners are making extra 

Page2-The Communicant-November, 1978 



donations to our HPI fund, and we are now 
well on the way to the purchase of a goat. 

HPI is generous with their excellent 
educational materials. The address is : 
HEIFER PROJECT INTERNATIONAL, P.O. 
Box 808, 300 Spring St., Little Rock, 
Arkansas 72203. 

The HPI filmstrip "Each One Helps" with 
the accompanying cassette tape and script 
have been purchased by St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church. They may be borrowed by writing or 
calling the parish office: Box 431, Cary, N. 
C. 27511, (919—467-1477). Please give two 
weeks notice, and tell us the date you want 
to use the filmstrip. 

St. John's draws a crowd 

William sboro— On Sunday, October 8, 
Williamsboro's historic St. John's Church 
again took on some of the bustle and im- 
portance of her illustrious past. 

Approximately 230 people from all over 
the Diocese gathered for the annual St.John's 
Day service which was held at 11 o'clock, 
and followed by a picnic on the grounds. 

Dr. Blackwell P. Robinson, Professor of 
History at UNC-Greensboro, spoke on "The 
Educational and Missionary Work of Bishop 
Ives". 

The oldest frame church in North Carolina 
St. John's parish was established in 1746. 
The present building was erected in 1772, 
and Bishop Ravenscroft made it his 
headquarters when he first came to establish 
the Episcopal Church in North Carolina. 

The service, held each year on the second 
Sunday in October, commemorates Bishop 
Ravenscroft's consecration of the church on 
October 16, 1825. Built on the "frontier" a 
few years after the construction of churches 
at Edenton and Bath, St. John's is the third 
oldest church still standing in the state. 

Former PB at clergy conference 

Kanuga— Former Presiding Bishop John 
Hines spoke before the more than 90 clergy 
who gathered here in early October for the 
annual diocesan clergy conference. 

The conference began Monday evening 
with the introduction of new clergy, after 
which Bishop Fraser made a short 
presentation on the significance of last 
summer's Lambeth Conference. Tuesday 
morning Bisop Hines gave a two-part ad- 
dress entitled "Reflections of an unrecon- 
structed liberal activist on being Christian 
and Episcopalian in a time of turbulence and 
change." 

Citing a biographer's recent appraisal of 
Calvin Coolidge as "a man bred and trained 
to avoid the daring," the former Presiding 
Bishop observed that while "this is not an 
accurate description of present day 
leadership in the Episcopal Church. ..neither 
is it totally off the mark." 

In Hines' view there is "a crisis of 
leadership" in the Church which is 
characterised by "a loss of confidence in the 
credibility and courage of the leadership elite 
on the part of a fair number of members of 
this Church." Later that afternoon, Bishop 
Hines returned for a question and answer 

Among the other items discussed in 
meetings with Bishop Fraser on Tuesday 
night and Wednesday morning were these: 

•the $2 Million Campaign — the Bishop 
expressed his hope that the clergy would see 
to it that every congregation would have an 
opportunity to see the multi-media shows on 
the proposed Camp and Conference Center 
and the diocesan Venture In Mission; 

•the marriage canon — the Bishop ex- 
pressed concern at the great increase in 
requests for permission to remarry after 
divorce, and suggested that a check on the 
one-year survival rate of second and third 
marriages would give each priest a way to 
rate the effectiveness of their marriage 
counseling; 

•episcopal assistance— the Bishop spoke 
at length and in detail on his continuing 
desire for a bishop coadjutor, and shared 
some of the feedback he has received in his 
recent conversations about that subject with 
the laity. He indicated that he intends to 
bring this matter before the 1979 Diocesan 
Convention. 



The COMMUNICANT has received notice 
of the following changes of cures: 

The Rev. S.F. James Abbott: From 
Episcopal Chaplain, UNC-Greensboro to 
Rector. St. Thomas' Church, Reid- 
sville.NC. 

The Rev. Clyde E. Beatty, Jr.: From 
Chaplain, St. Augustine's College, Raleigh 
to Assistant to the Rector, St. Ambrose's 
Church. Raleigh. 

The Rev. John Edward Borrego: From 
the Diocese of Oklahoma to Assistant to 
the Rector, St. Francis' Church, Green- 
sboro. NC. 

The Rev. Porter B. Cox: From Priest in 
Charge. St. Paul's Church, Thomasville 
and part-time assistant. St. Timothy's 
Church, Winston-Salem to Non-parochial. 

The Rev. C. Phillip Craig From the 
Diocese of Colorado to Rector, Emmanuel 
Church. Warrenton; Priest-in-charge of All 
Saints' Church, Warrenton; and Priest-in- 
charge of Good Shepherd Church. 
Ridgeway. NC. 

The Rev. Michael B. Curry: From the 
Diocese of Western New York to Deacon 
in-charge. St. Stephen's Church, Winston- 
Salem. NC. 

The Rev. Robert William Duncan, Jr.: 
From the Diocese of New Jersey to 
Assistant to the Rector, Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill. NC. 

The Rev. Jack Glenn Flintom: From the 
Diocese of Western North Carolina to 
Assistant to the Rector. St. Luke's Church. 
Salisbury, NC. 

The Rev. Herbert C. Gravely, Jr.: From 
the Diocese of South Carolina to Interim 
Rector. Emmanuel Church, Southern 
Pines. NC. 



world and 
national 



Canterbury goes to Rome 

London (RNS)— Archbishop Donald 
Coggan of Canterbury, spiritual leader of the 
world's 65 million Anglicans, attended the 
installation of Pope John Paul II— the first 
time an Archibishop of Canterbury has done 
so since the Reformation. 

The Archbishop explained his decision to 
attend the investiture "as a response of the 
worldwide Anglican Communion to the 
deeply significant choice of Cardinal Karol 
Wojtyla as Pope John Paul II." 



"With the eyes of the poor" 



Bridgeport. Conn. (RNS)— A Tanzanian 
bishop, an Appalachian pastoral team and 
returned Third World missioners have given 
Connecticut area Catholic pastoral leaders 
and experience in "reverse mission" — bringing 
home the lessons learned while working with 
poor and oppressed people in this country 
and abroad. 

Reflecting on his experience in Chile, 
Maryknoll missioner Terry Cambias related 
how many political prisoners, women as well 
as men tortured by the Chilean secret police, 
returned to work with Christian groups after 
they were released from the military 
government's prisons. 

"The church of the martyrs, those people on 
the underside of history as well as the priests 
and sisters who endure torture and death 
with them, were a sacrament of hope and 
belief to me. " Father Cambias explained. 

"They see clearly that faith cannot be 
related to private life What should go on in 
our hearts must also go on in our factories. 









"We are evangelized much more than we 
evangelize when we learn to see with the 
eyes of the poor." the Maryknoll priest said, 
reporting how poor families experience 
personal and communal change within their 
Communidades de Base, the small faith- 
; prevalent in Latin America. 



The Rev. Carroll B. Hall: From Retired 
Priest of the Diocese of New Jersey to 
Supply Priest, Grace Church. Weldon. and 
Church of the Saviour, Jackson. NC. 

The Rev. Peter W. Hawes: From Can 
didate for Holy Orders to Ordination to the 
Diaconate, and transfer to the Diocese of 
The Central Gulf Coast. 

The Rev. Scott T. Holcombe, Deacon: 
From the Diocese of Southwest Florida to 
Assistant to the Rector. St. Andrew's 
Church, Greensboro, NC. 

The Rev. Lynn Corpening Honeycutt, 
Deacon: From the Diocese of Virginia to 
Assistant to the Rector, Church of the 
Holy Comforter, Charlotte, NC. 

The Rev. Luis Leon: From Deacon. St. 
Peter's Church, Charlotte to Ordination to 
the Priesthood, same cure. 

The Rev. Robert H. Malm: From Deacon. 
St. Mary's Church, High Point to Or- 
dination to the Priesthood, same cure. 

The Rev. Charles Thomas Midyette, 
HI: From the Diocese of East Carolina to 
Rector. St. Phillip's Church, Durham, NC. 

The Rev. Joseph T. Rivers, III: Supply 
Priest for St. Mark's Church. Roxboro to 
Rector of St. Giles' Church, Upper Darby. 
Pa. 

The Rev. Downs C. Spitler, Jr.: From 
the Diocese of Upper South Carolina to 
Rector. St. Timothy's Church. Wilson, NC. 

The Rev. Edwin H. Voorhees, Jr. From 
Assistant to the Rector, St. Francis' 
Church. Greensboro to Rector, All 
Saints'/Sharon Chapel Parish. Alexandria. 
Va. 



Doris Blbxham has recently joined the staff 
of St. John's Church, Charlotte as 
Program and Education Minister. She 
brings to her new job several years of 
experience as a consultant in the Diocese 
of Southern Virginia specializing in group 
process, human relations and theological 
education. 

The Rev. Wilson R. Carter, rector of 
Grace Episcopal Church in Lexington, has 
been appointed to serve on the Davidson 
County Social Service Board. Carter is also 
chairman of the Davidson County Health 
Care Commission and a former president 
of the Davidson County Ministerial 
Association. 

The Rev. Carl F. Herman recently 
assumed duties as acting vicar of St. 
Paul's. Thomasville, replacing the Rev. 
Porter B. Cox who is now engaged in 
secular employment. Herman is presently 
Secretary of the Diocese of North Carolina, 
a position he has held since 1954. He is 
also President of the Diocesan Standing 
Commission. 

Lois McManus of Holy Trinity parish, 
Greensboro, was recently elected national 
president of Mobile Meals, a community 
service organization. 

Marvin Randall, of St. Luke's Parish, 
Salisbury, was recently honored with the 
National Distinguished Service award from 
the National Commander of the Disable 
American Veterans for his volunteer work 
placing some 650 veterans from Rowan 
County in jobs during the past two years. 
He has more placements to his credit than 
any paid employee with Employment 
Security offices nationwide. Mr Randall has 
also earned an Outstanding Achievement 
Award from the State Director of Em- 
ployment Security Commissions for his 
efforts. 

Dr. and Mrs. G. Ray Selby returned to 
their home in England recently, after 
spending a year as residents of Warrenton 
where Canon Selby was rector of Em- 
manuel Church and All Saints, Warrenton, 
and the Church of the Good Shepherd. 
Ridgeway. 

Ellen Thompson, a member of the Chapel 
of the Cross. Chapel Hill, has been ap 
pointed Missioner in the Southeast for the 
Episcopal Peace Fellowship, a voluntary 
association of Episcopalians working for 
peace, active since 1939. 

The Rev. John Westerhoff. Deacon, of 
the Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, was 
ordained to the priesthood September 23 
in St. Louis. Mo. The Very Rev. Urban T. 
Holmes, III. Dean of the School of 
Theology. University of the South, 
preached at the ordination service, and the 
Rev. Peter Lee. rector. Chapel of the 
Cross, was Gospeler. 



calendar 



1 —Charlotte: Greater Episcopal Fellowship 

of Charlotte, 12:30 p.m. 
1 — Youth: Youth Committee, St. Michael's. 

Raleigh. 
Convocation: ECW. Southwest Convocation. 
3 — Youth: Youth Commission. The Ter- 

7 — Convocation: Northwest Convocation. 



1978 NOVEMBER 1978 

SUN ' MON TUES WED THURS FRI SAT 

12 3 4 

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 

26 27 28 29 30 



9— Investment: Investment Committee 
10— Clergy: NC Episcopal Clergy 

Association. Asheboro. 
1 1 —Acolytes.: Acolyte Festival. Duke 

University. 
13— Grants: Parish Grant Committee. 

10:00 a.m. 
14— Clergy: Sandhills Clericus, 10:00 a.m. 
14— Council: Diocesan Council, 10:00 a.m. 
14— Educational Committee: Camp and 

Conference Center Educational Com- 

15— Clericus: Charlotte Clericus, 12:30 

p.m. 
15— Newspaper: Deadline for December 

Communicant. 
16— Foundation: Episcopal Church 

Foundation. 
17-18— Liturgy: Workshop on Liturgy and 

Music. St. Stephen's Church. Durham. 
21-22— Ministry: Commission on Ministry. 
22— Thanksgiving: Diocesan House 

closed at noon. 
27— Committee: Meeting of the Standing 

Committee. 



1978 


DECEMBER 


1978 


SUN MON 


TU6S WED. THURS 


1 2 


3 4 


5 6 7 


8 9 


10 11 


12 13 14 


15 16 


17 18 


19 20 21 


22 23 


*4, 25 


26 27 28 


29 30 



5 — Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

meeting 
6 — Fellowship: Greater Episcopal 

Fellowship of Charlotte. 12:30 p.m. 
12— Clericus: Meeting of the Sandhills 

Clericus, 10:a.m. 
15 — Newspaper: Deadline for January 

Communicant. 
20— Charlotte: Meeting of the Charlotte 

Clericus. 12:30 pm 
22-26 — Christmas: Diocesan House 

closed. 
26 — Committee: Meeting of the Standing 

Committee. 




Hard work and good times 
equal APSO/Youth 

By Ginny Walters 

Winston-Salem— This conference 
was different, right from the outset. 
There was plenty of hot water for 
showers, if you didn't mind filling the 
solar-heated tank with water from the 
pond. And the outhouse seated three. 

Here, at Times Farm Camp in 
southwest Ohio, 12 college students 
representing 7 Episcopal dioceses 
gathered late last June for a week-long 
youth workcamp sponsored by the 
Appalachian People's Service Cor- 
poration (APSO). 

The Appalachian People's Service 
Organization (APSO) is a coalition of 13 
Episcopal dioceses which banded 
together in 1965 to meet a variety of 
human needs in the Appalachian region. 

For the next week these 12 students 
from 7 states lived in Christian com- 
munity while struggling to develop a 
better understanding of themselves, the 
people with whom they were working, 
and the current issues facing Ap- 
palachia. 

Days were spent working in the local 
community. Some worked at winterizing 
a house in Brown county, a projec: 
which involved pumping insulation into 
the attic, caulking cracks in the exterior 
siding and fitting the building with storm 
doors and windows. 

Others set out each morning to chop 
wood, whitewash houses, or work in an 
Appalachian furniture-making shop. 
The work gave everyone a chance to get 
acquainted with the local people who 
supervised the work crews and those 




and nights were filled with music and good 




workshop, this time in disaster relief 
training, at Valle Crucis, NC. 

While the June workcamp had sought 
to increase the participant's awareness 
and understanding of Appalachian 
culture and conflicts, the August 
workshop was aimed at providing long- 
range outreach to the region. 

Representing the Diocese of 
NC, Annie Hager of Asheboro, Rachel 
Still of Indian Trail and Ginny Walters of 
Winston-Salem gathered with 
representatives of each of the other 12 
APSO dioceses to receive training in 
disaster relief work. 

After a traditional mountain square 
dance and some music-making and 
relaxing on Friday night, the workshop 
began in earnest on Saturday as outside 
resource people led training seminars 
and discussions about relief 
organization and the psychology of loss. 

Sister Mary Margaret Pignone, an 
organizer during the Williamson, W. Va. 
flood, concluded the evening sessions 
with a discussion of unnatural disasters 
caused by clear-cutting and strip mining, 
and the problems which recovery 



workers often face in dealing with the- 
government. Her presentation was 
followed by a film about the Buffalo 
Creek flood, an example of the tragedy 
that often follows strip mining 
carelessness. 

The Sunday session included a talk by 
Helen Tester about the disaster relief 
work now being organized in the 
Diocese of Western North Carolina and 
a challenge by Donna Hart, a relief 
worker and survivor of the Xenia tor- 
nado disaster, to APSO/Youth to 
become the nucleus for disaster relief 
work in the Episcopal Church. At 
present, the Episcopal Church does not 
have a program to provide national 
disaster relief. 

Participants in the August workshop 
will be certified to train other youth in 
emergency measures when actual 
disasters occur. 

Youth groups or individuals interested 
in working- with the APSO program 
should contact Ginny Walters (P.O. Box 
9301, Reynolda Station, Winston- 
Salem, NC 27109) for further in- 
formation. 



25 years under one roof 



Steve lang of the Diocese of Atlanta works 
on home repair at the APSO workcamp this 



v filled with hard work. . . 



Davs 



whose homes they were working in. 

Nights were filled with slide shows, 
bluegrass music and volleyball, as well 
as a continuing discussion of the social, 
economic and political heritage of 
Appalachia. Every night group members 
met for common worship. 

A field trip into Cincinnati's Over-the- 
Rhine area brought the students face to 
face with the urban Appalachia. Here 
the group learned that Appalachian 
migrants make up 17% of Cincinnati's 
total population. 

Forced from their homes in the 
mountains by economic conditions, they 
arrive in the city only to experience 
cultural loss, continued unemployment 
and a sense of hopelessness. 90% of 
them live in Over-the-Rhine. 

Later in the summer, from August 11- 
13, APSO/Youth sponsored another 



By Bonie Wall 

High Point— As he read the an- 
nouncements during worship services at 
St. Mary's Episcopal Church on Sunday, 
Oct. 1, the Rev. William P. Price paused 
for a moment to point out that he and 
his family had first come to St. Mary's 
Church 25 years ago to the day, on Oct. 
1, 1953. 

He was unaware that his parishioners 
had spent several weeks in secret 
preparation for this event. Instead of the 
informal coffee hour which he had 
expected would follow the service, he 
found nearly 300 parisioners and guests . 
gathered for a dinner and party in his 
honor in the adjoining parish hall. 

The celebration concluded with the 
presentation of a check by the senior 
warden, Mrs. William McKenzie, on 
behalf of the parishioners and the vestry. 

Among those present for the rector's 
anniversary were his son and 
daughters — the Rev. John R. Price, an 
Episcopal priest in Greenville; Mrs. 
Phillip Savage of Burligton with Dr. 
Savage and their two sons; and Ms. 
Alice Price, an attorney in Philadelphia, 
Pa. 




The Rev. William P. Price at covered dish 
luncheon celebrating his 25th anniversary at 
St. Mary's, High Point. 



The Rev. Mr. Price is the senior parish 
priest canonically resident in the Diocese 
of North Carolina. 



The Communicant-Novembc 



ill editorial 

You hold in your hands the second issue of The Communicant. 
Those of you who read their way to the editorial page may have already 
discovered the new features which make their debut with this issue of 
the paper. 

In order to expand our coverage of parish and diocesan news and 
information we've added People, Newsbriefs, and Calendar — three 
features which will appear regularly from henceforth. We hope you will 
find the information useful, the format appealing and easy to read. 

We've also introduced a new column, Through Children's Eyes, to 
provide a place within The Communicant where children can be heard, 
their often unique perspective valued, shared and taken up in our 
common life. 

In fact, the rationale which has prompted these changes is eloquently 
expressed in the inaugural column by Susan, one of the young theo- 
logians-in-residence who gather most Sunday mornings amidst the 
crayons and construction paper at St. Phillip's, Durham: 

"The Church is the people. Without the 
people there is no Church because the people 
is the Church." 

"The Church is the people," and there are as many stories as there 
are bowed heads at the communion rail. Each of them is important to 
the life of the Church for the simple reason that, as Susan puts it, "The 
people is the Church." 




through children's eyes 



Material for this column came from the children of St. Phillip's Church School, 
Durham, which operates under the direction of Ethel Reade. Submissions of art and 
written work are welcome, provided they are accompanied by the child's name, age 
and address. Please address all correspondence to "Through Children's Eyes", P.O. 
Box 1 7025, Raleigh, NC 2761 9. 

"To me the prayer book is a book of stories that have something to 
do with God" 

—Katie 

"I come to rhurch because of God. And my father makes me." 

— John 

"I like the Church because you can go up to the breaking of the 
bread and it's real fun." 

— Palmer 

"I like the refreshments, and I think church is nice when it's short." 

— Simeon 

"The church is the people. Without the people there is no church 
because the people is the church." 

—Susan 

The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh, N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 

NC 

Publication Number: 392580 



What you have to say, what you are doing, and all that is going on 
around you is the stuff of which the Church is made. So keep us posted 
you folks out there in Cooleemee and Charlotte, Woodleaf and 
Winston-Salem, Reidsville and Rocky Mount. We are depending on 
you to help us bring your story to the pages of The Communicant. 




By the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

Deafness — the invisible handicap — 
has a way of surprising people when 
they encounter it for the first time. 

Two members of our Deaf Missions 
attended a corporate communuion in of 
one our hearing churches the other day. 
I was interpreting as introductions were 
being made. A person who was in my 
sign language class had just introduced 
me to a member of that pansh who 
expressed surprise that we knew each 
other so well. 

"Well," I explained, "she has been 
learning sign language in my class this 
year." 

With obvious irritation came the 
question, "Why ever are you doing 
that?" To which my friend sharply 
responded, "Because I want to!" 

"Because I want to." That's what it's 
all about — in this column and in our 
diocesan family. We will never be able to 
communicate effectively unless we want 
to. 

Other people at this same event were 
equally hesitant to try to "jump over the 
barrier" but most were very anxious to 
meet and welcome these new friends. 
They wanted to reach out and com- 



municate, even though they did not 
know "the language" as such. But they 
got through easily enough because the 
language of love and friendship is 
universal. 

Many of our parishioners around the 
Diocese have asked me the same 
question — "Why did you go into this 
work?" After all, I was an associate in a 
large parish, having been a rector of two 
smaller parishes prior to that. In the eyes 
of some people, I was "climbing the 
ladder" rapidly. So why the sudden 
change? My answer is the same as my 
friend's above— "Because I saw the need 
and I wanted to fill it." 

"Because I want to." As I travel 
around the Diocese, the same question 
keeps popping up; why are people 
suddenly supporting deaf work so 
enthusiastically? And the answer is 
again the same— because we want to. 

In our $2 million Diocesan Campaign, 
the Diocese has designated $45,655 for 
the Episcopal Conference of the Deaf. 
Why? Because we want to. Desire and 
follow-through, that's what will insure 
the development of "Total Com- 
munication" in this Church family. And 
the Deaf Episcopalians in this Diocese 
are proud to be a part of it. 




"It is possible to find fault with anything if one is of that disposition. There once was a man 
who. not being able to find anything else wrong with his coal, complained that it contained too 
many prehistoric toads. " 

—Mark Twain 



Dear Editor: 

Looks very good! 
Continued success... 

The Rev. Martha Blacklock 

Editor, 

The Voice 

The Diocese of Newark 



Dear Editor: 

I just wanted to drop you a note to say 
how impressed I was with the changes 
made in The COMMUNICANT. The 
graphics and layout changes make it one 
of the most esthetic (if one can say that 
about a paper) I've seen. Keep it up! 

Ginny Walters 
Winston-Salem, NC 



Dear Editor: 

I have just "shot" what was to have 
been a very productive hour this 
morning reading The COM- 
MUNICANT; I can't now compound my 
folly by taking the time to write a long 
letter! It will have to suffice to say that I 
think it is just super— that is content, 
layout, typeface, etc. Congratulations! 
Peace, 

Barbara Braver 

Editor 

The Episcopal Times 

The Diocese of Massachusetts 



Dear Editor: 

Thank you for my first issue of The 
COMMUNICANT. I enjoyed reading it. 

A special congratulations for changing 
the name of your publication— implying 
that women (as well as Church Men) are 
involved in the life and work of your 
Diocese and your publication. Your 
move is a step forward in com- 
munication and communion. 
Sincerely, 

Janice P. York 

Editor 

MASS MEDIA NEWSLETTER 

Baltimore, Md. 

Dear Editor: 
BRAVO! 

The layout, content, typography, 
artwork. ..in fact, the whole nine yards of 
the October COMMUNICANT is 
excellent. Congratulations on a first rate 
job. 

I am particularly envious of your 
name... The COMMUNICANT. We 
have brainstormed for hours to come up 
with a good name. How come you 
Tarheels thought of it before us 
Crackers? 
Cordially, 

The Rev. Bert H. Hatch 

Editor 

Diocese 

The Diocese of Atlanta 



Page 4-T'ne Communicant-November, 1978 



Special Diocesan communications insert 

Our $2,000,000 Campaign 
is Up and Away!! 




Last January 28, the Diocese of North Carolina took a step of 
unprecedented boldness. On that date the delegates to the 162nd 
Diocesan Convention voted to raise $2,000,000 in order to carry out a 
number of dramatic initiatives in ministry and mission at home and 
abroad. 

The projects range from the contruction of a new Diocesan Camp 
and Conference Center in Greensboro to the construction of a new 
church in Paraguay, and include projects for small churches in El 
Salvador, Haiti and throughout North Carolina. 

$2,000,000. That's what it will take 

•if patients at Tokyo's St. Luke's International Hospital are to get 
much needed medical equipment; 

•if the work of the Episcopal Conference of the Deaf is to continue 
and grow; 

•if the children of Charlotte's Thompson Children's Home are to be 
served by a resident chaplain; 

•if the 115 churches and missions throughout our Diocese are to 
have the camping and conference facilities adequate to meet our 
present needs. 

$2,000,000. That's more than we have ever raised before. And far 
beyond the reach of any one of our churches. But together we can do 
more. We have to. People all over the world wait to see if the church 
will be as good as its word. 



Questions and Answers 

About the Camp 

and Conference Center 







How do we know we really need a conference center? 



For the past two years, a Study Committee has explored 
the need for and the feasibility of establishing a Diocesan 
Center. Members of the Committee visited several camp and 
conference centers; discussed the need for such facilities 
with a number of clergy and laypeople; employed a 
professional planner to assist in the planning process; and 
conducted an extensive survey of Diocesan clergy and laity. 

|Bj Where is the center to be located? 

Wmi The Diocese holds title to 80 acres of land 3.1 miles west 
of Browns Summit off. NC Highway 150, given by Dr. 
Robert L. Phillips of Greensboro. Located conveniently in 
the Piedmont Crescent just north of Greensboro, the site is 
less than 25 minutes from 1-85 and within two hours of 
most of the Diocese. 



h 



How much will it cost to build the center itself? 



Gardner Gidley and Associates, a firm specializing in 
recreational planning, has estimated that construction of the 
proposed center will cost $1.4 million. Included in the 
original estimate as presented to the Diocesan Convention in 
January, 1978, was $300,000 for contingencies and/or 
endowment. The architect, William Dodge of Dodge and 
Beckwith in Raleigh, is working within this framework. 



What about operating costs? Will the center be self- 
supporting? 

ft! Regarding operational costs, Mr. Gidley has indicated that 
the center could be self-supporting with 30% occupancy. 
The cost per person per day will be lowered as the oc- 
cupancy rate increases. (Information taken from a report 
entitled Land Use Analysis -.Phillips Property by Gardner 
Gidley and Associates.) 







WA When it comes right down to it, why do we need a Camp 
and Conference Center? 



The Christian Gospel is primarily about relationships — 
between people and God, between people and each other, 
between people and themselves. It is important to have a 
place where these relationships can be nourished and 
strengthened. 

Symbolically, it is the camp and conference center which 
most often serves as the "spiritual center" of a diocese— the 
"home" for the greater diocesan family. At one time, Vade 
Mecum was such a place for many in this Diocese. But for 
the last eight years, we have been without a central 
gathering place large enough to meet our needs. The new 
center will serve all of the people and churches of the 
Diocese through expanded programs designed to nurture our 
common life of faith. 



Questions and Answers 
about Venture In Mission 



\3XA What exactly is Venture In Mission? 

W Venture In Mission is a $100 million outreach program of 
the Episcopal Church, authorized by the 1976 General 
Convention. Its stated goal is "to rally the spiritual and 
temporal resources which will enable the whole Church to 
commit itself to a new life of mission, growth and service." 

How is this goal to be achieved? 

|J More than 90 mission opportunities have been selected by 
the National Church's Venture In Mission leadership. After 
thorough research of its own, the Venture In Mission 
Educational Committee of the Diocese of North Carolina 
has selected seven projects to receive the $400,000 which 
the 1978 Diocesan Convention voted to raise as our fair 
share of the National Church's VIM program. 

•A Resource Center for Small Churches (Total 
asking,$3,500; Our share, $3,500— the full amount) 

•A new church for a village north of Concepcion, 
Paraguay, South America (Total asking, $5,190; St. 
Stephen's Church, Durham, has already pledged to raise the 
full amount as part of it's fair share.) 

•An endowment fund for Black Colleges (Total asking, 
$15,000,000; our share, $100,000) 

•Toward self-support for the Diocese of El Salvador 
(Total asking, $1,182,095; our share, $100,000) 

•St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Tokyo, Japan (Total 
asking, $100,000; our share, $45,655) 

•The Episcopal Conference of the Deaf (Total asking, 
$150,000; our share, $45,655) 

•Development Projects in the Diocese of Haiti (Total 
asking, $1,485,346; our share, $100,000) 

In addition, the Diocesan Convention also voted to raise 
$200,000 to support new and on-going ministries within our 
own Diocese: 

•A student scholarship fund for St. Mary's College, 
Raleigh, $50,000; 

•A resident chaplaincy program for The Thompson 
Children's Home, Charlotte, $49,000; 

•The Diocesan Parish Grant Program, $80,000. 
At this time, $21,000 of the $200,000 remains un- 
designated, enabling the committee to respond to other 
needs that may arise during the course of its study. 



m 



Is that all there is to Venture In Mission? 



On the contrary, it's just the beginning. The Diocese's 
Venture In Mission calls upon our spiritual and human 
resources as well. We intend to offer to the people of this 
Diocese a variety of opportunities to become personally 
involved in the targeted ministries at home and abroad. 
Once such opportunity, for example, will see members of 
the medical community traveling to Haiti in 1979 to take 
part in the Diocese of Haiti's critical medical ministry. 



ill 




SB 

1 

MP 















Lets \fenture Together.. 




.Through Evangelism! 



Venture in Mission is a major program to rally 
the spiritual and temporal resources of the 
whole Church to a new life of mission, growth 
and service. 

And one important facet of Venture in Mission 
is communicating in various ways and media 
the good news, the message of the Church and 
the Gospel. 

By providing funds to energize and train 
Church members to evangelize, to reach out 
to persons outside the Church for commitment 
to Christ. 

By providing funds for Church growth and 
extension in dioceses where the Church is fi- 
nancially weakest throughout the United States. 

By providing funds for programs designed 
to strengthen and renew congregational life. 

By providing funds to train and support laity 
for ministry in the world. 



All this cannot be done without your gifts of 
money — $100-million is needed to implement 
the entire program. But Venture in Mission also 
means another kind of giving. A giving of 
ourselves. 

It means being evangelists, each and every 
one of us — affirming to outsiders the scripture, 
history, tradition and range of experience that 
makes us Christians. And Episcopalians. 

So let's Venture together in this program that 
is drawing together the resources of all Episco- 
palians everywhere. Write for a copy of "Ques- 
tions and Answers about Venture in Mission." 



VENTURE IN MISSION 
8I5 Second Avenue 
New York, N.Y I00I7 







Diocese 

ws of the Episcopal Church in the Diocese of Atli 
olume 15, No. 8 Decatur, Georgia October, 1 




the printed word |fr 



By the Rev. Bert Hatch 

This is a plea directed to our delegates 
to the General Convention in Denver 
next year... but the rest of you can 
eavesdrop. 

It is a plea made from the midst of my 
daily life as a parish priest... and not as 
editor of this paper or as any kind of 
spokesman for the Diocese of Atlanta. 

Please vote AGAINST any resolution 
which would authorize the continued 
use of the 1 928 Prayer Book after 1 979. 

I grew up with the 1928 Book of 
Common Prayer. I loved it, and I love it 
still. When "Green Books" and "Zebra 
Books" were brought forth I fussed and 
fumed with the best of the fussers and 
fumers. 

"Is this trip necessary?", I asked... in 
tones which clearly indicated my 
conviction that it was not! 

I even remember a day, many years 
ago now, when a beloved fellow priest 
said to me, "This language will grow on 
you. You'll get used to it!." 

"Sure," I said. "Just like arthritis or 
diabetes or gout.!" 

But I was wrong. All those preliminary 
books lead to something that is 
good... and useful... and marvelously well 
suited to the time in which we live. It has 
grown on me. Or, perhaps, it would be 
more accurate to say that / have grown 
to it... in that I have finally learned that a 
Prayer Book is to be an instrument of 
my devotion... not the object of it. 

Dear Delegates-to-Denver; you will 
hear it charged many times by those 
who would have you authorize a two- 
book system, that the language of the 
new book is "second-rate"... "un- 
inspiring"... "shabby." This is simply not 
so! 

There's a stirring in my very soul when 



I stand at the altar and lead my parish in 
prayer for "this fragile earth, our island 
home." And I know of nothing in the 
1928 edition which states the meaning 
and purpose of the Holy Eucharist half 
so well as these words: 

"Open our eyes to see your hand at 
work in the world about us. Deliver us 
from the presumption of coming to this 
Table for solace only, and not for 
strength; for pardon only, and not for 
renewal. Let the grace of this Holy 
Communion make us one body, one 
spirit in Christ, that we may worthily 
serve the world in his name. " 

And it seems as though the 
congregation is one with the disciples on 
the road to Emmaus when they can now 
respond: "Risen Lord, be known to us in 
the breaking of the Bread." No, this 
language may be new... but it is definitely 
not "shabby". 

It would have to be said, I suppose, 
that clergy (percentagewise) are more 
accepting of the new book than the laity. 
I don't believe this has any particular 
relationship to their theological or 
liturgical training. I suggest that it is 
simply because their roles have forced 
them to use the book more, to examine 
and study it, to "taste and see." A 
reluctant layman can flip through it a 
couple of times and convince himself he 
has "tried t" 

I love the greater congregational 
participation in the Baptism service, and 
vows that can now be understood in the 
marriage rite. And I have been given, for 
the first time, a service I can really use in 
hospital or home to celebrate the birth of 
a child. The old "Churching of Women" 
was never used because it was a 
throwback to ancient purification rites. 
Read it, and see how it practically had 



how others see us_ 



By Annie Dil lard 

"There is one church here, so 1 go to it. 
On Sunday mornings I quit the house 
and wander down the hill to the white 
frame church in the firs. On a big 
Sunday there might be twenty of us 
there; often I am the only person under 
sixty, and feel as though I'm on an 
archaeological tour of Soviet Russia. 
The members are of mixed 
denominations; the minister is a 
Congregationalism and wears a white 
shirt. The man knows God. Once, in the 
middle of the long pastoral prayer of 
intercession for the whole world— for the 
gift of wisdom to its leaders, for hope 
and mercy to the grieving and pained, 
succor to the oppressed, and God's 
grace to all— in the middle of this he 
stopped, and burst out, 'Lord, we bring 
you these same petitions every week.' 
After a shocked pause, he continued 
reading the prayer. Because of this, I like 
him very much. 'Good morning!' he 
says after the first hymn and invocation, 
startling me witless every time, and we 
all shout back, 'Good morning!' 

The churchwomen all bring flowers 
for the altar; they haul in arrangements 
as big as hedges, of wayside herbs in 
season, and flowers from their gardens, 
huge bunches of foliage and blossoms 
as tall as I am, in vases the size of tubs, 
and the altar still looks empty, 
irredeemably linoleum, and beige. We 
had a wretched singer once, a guest 



from a Canadian congregation, a 
hulking blond girl with chopped hair and 
big shoulders, who wore tinted spec- 
tacles and a long lacy dress, and sang, 
grinning, to faltering accompaniment, an 
entirely secular song about mountains. 
Nothing could have been more apparent 
than that God loved this girl; nothing 
could more surely convince me of God's 
unending mercy that the continued 
existence on earth of the church. 

The higher Christian churches— 
where, if anywhere, I belong— come at 
God with an unwarranted air of 
professionalism, with authority and 
pomp, as though they knew what they 
were doing, as though people in 
themselves were an appropriate set of 
creatures to have dealings with God. I 
often think of the set pieces of liturgy as 
certain words which people have 
successfully addressed to God without 
their getting killed. In the high churches 
they saunter through the liturgy like 
Mohawks along a strand of scaffolding 
who have long since forgotten their 
danger. If God were to blast such a 
service to bits, the congregation would 
be, I believe, genuinely shocked. But in 
the low churces you expect it any 
minute. This is the beginning of 
wisdom." 



Reprinted with permission from Hoiy the Firm, by 
Annie Dillard. Copyright © 1977 by Annie 
Dillard. 



the new mother come forward, before 
the congregation, to confess the sin of 
childbirth! 

By now, some are saying, "Well, that's 
fine for him; but why not allow those 
who prefer the 1928 book to go on using 
it if they choose?" 

For the simple reason that the result 
would be futher division and chaos at 
the parish level. There is quite enough 
choice within the Proposed Book of 
Common Prayer without our inflicting 
upon ourselves another 611 pages of 
"choice." 

When I hear the arguments of those 



who would authorize both books I am 
reminded of the departing guests who 
stand in your doorway for interminable 
minutes, hating to say the final goodbye. 
Or the symphony composer who ob- 
viously hated to end his master- 
piece... adding one anti-climactic "ta- 
dum" after another. 

Please let's cut the cord... say 
goodbye... and shut the door. We have 
been given a magnificent new Book of 
Common Prayer. Let us welcome it, and 
be free at last to direct our energies t6 
other things. 



books 



By the Rev. Charles James Cook 

Telling the Truth; The Gospel as 
Tragedy, Comedy and Fairy Tale. By 
Frederick Buechner, Harper & Row 
Publishers. 1977, 98 pp. 

Telling the Truth is another one of 
those small books that promises little on 
the surface, yet delivers much. In that 
respect it is similar to Wishful Thinking: 
A Theological ABC, an earlier work by 
the same author which has earned a 
place for itself on many a seminary and 
parish bookshelf 

Frederick Buechner seems to delight 
in the fact that big things come in little 
packages, or to put it another way, when 
the Gospel is presented simply and 
honestly, the message can be profound. 

The author uses three images- 
tragedy, comedy, and fairy tale — to 
sketch the totality of the Christian 
Gospel. To ignore or avoid any one of 
the three is, Buechner claims, to ignore 
the truth found in the relationship 
between God and humankind. 

Buechner insists that before the 
Gospel can be heard as truth it must first 
witness to the tragedy in life. 

"The Gospel is bad news before it is 
good news. It is news that man is a 
sinner, to use the old word, that he is 
evil in the imagination of his heart, that 
when he looks in the mirror all in a lather 
what he sees is at least eight parts 
chicken, phony, slob. That is the 
tragedy." (p.l). 

Those who set out to preach the 
Gospel of truth, must begin by speaking 
to the tragedy that surrounds us and 
dwells deeply within us. Preaching, no 
matter how poetic or lofty, that glosses 
over this point will never stand a chance 
of speaking to those for whom life in this 
world is a day to day struggle. 

In the midst of that struggle, just when 
we begin to think that life is so absurd, 
so tragic that there seems little sense in 
going on, there Comedy appears— 
genuine humor and a sense of divine 
delight from situations which once 
seemed devoid of hope. An angelic birth 
announcement provides Buechner with 
a classic case in point: 

"The old woman's name is Sarah, of 
course, and the old man's name is 
Abraham, and they are laughing at the 
idea of a baby's being born in the 
geriatric ward and Medicare's picking up 
the tab. They are laughing because with 



another part of themselves they know it 
would take a fool to believe it. They are 
laughing because laughing is better than 
crying and maybe not even all that 
different. They are laughing because if 
by some crazy chance it should just 
happen to come true, then they would 
really have something to laugh about. 
They are laughing at God and with God, 
and they are laughing at themselves too 
because laughter has that in common 
with weeping" (p. 50). 

This delightful comedy, the good 
news, begins to break through once we 
realize in the tragic state of our lives that 
we are still loved, cherished, and 
forgiven. Like any good farce, the gospel 
turns the values and standards of this 
world upside down. 

Almost anything can happen in the 
wake of such divine disturbance which 
is why, according to Buechner, that we 
must rediscover what it means to 
dream, to wish for the impossible, to 
possess a faith with the power to move 
mountains. 

At the heart of all the fairy tales that 
we have known since early childhood — 
The Wizard of Oz, Alice in Wonderland, 
and the modem works of C.S. Lewis 
and J.R.R. Tolkien, the dream or vision 
is ever present, never far away. In our 
lives, however, we face the continual 
temptation to reduce the Gospel to our 
size, to tailor our dreams and visions to 
what seems reasonable or practical. In 
exploring this temptation, Buechner 
makes clear the important distinction 
between the typical fairy tale and the 
message of the Christ: 

"Thar is the Gospel, this meeting of 
darkness and light. That is the fairy tale 
of the Gospel with, of course, the once 
crucial difference from all fairy tales, 
which is that the claim made for it is that 
it is true, that it not only happened once 
upon a time but has kept on happening 
ever since and is happening still. " 

The great message of redemption, the 
good news of God in Christ, is not an 
experience that only happened many 
centuries ago. It happens now, today, in 
the lives of every human being who 
opens himself to God's life-giving Spirit. 
In a time when many are wondering 
what message Christianity still has for a 
world that all too often knows only 
disappointment and dispair, Frederick 
Buechner' s insightful presentation of the 
Gospel is a breath of fresh air. 



CORRECTION 



Contrary to information 
published in the October issue of 
The COMMUNICANT ("Durham 
church to build in Paraguay"), 
Asuncion is not a small town in 
Paraguay but the capital of that 
country, with well over a 
100,000 inhabitants. The 
correct location of the Venture 



In Mission project is not 
Ascuncion but a small town 
north of Concepcion in 
Paraguay. We apologize for our 
error and thank A. C. Howell, 
Professor Emeritus of English, 
the University of North Carolina 
at Chapel Hill, for bringing it to 
our attention. 



The Communicant-November. 1978-Page 5 



FOCUS ON TELEVISION 



Mork and Mindy : 

We are the butt of the joke 




By Horace Newcomb \ 

I think I'll pick Mork and Mindy for my 
sleeper hit this television season. It's the' 
show I'll watch when I remember to, and 
will enjoy whenever I watch it. It won't 
be a "must-see" each week, but it will 
provide some relief when some of the 
'important' shows begin to become 
tedious. 

Mork, as you should know, is a 
Martian. He visited last year, dropped in 
on Richie, the Fonz and all the Happy 
Days gang, and this year he's back with 
a series. 

In a sense he is a spinoff from the 
Gary Marshall production company that 
added Laverne and Shirley to our 
household of '50s friends. In the opening 
episode of the new series the Fonz 
turned up, bringing Laverne along for a 
date with Mork. It was sure to get laughs 
and to gather some of the audience from 
the other shows. It worked. 

But the real parent of this series isn't 
anything we've had on TV for a while. 
This show is actually a spin-off from the 
old Planet of the Apes films. 

Mork and Mindy is the first en- 
tertainment since those films to engage 
in some real anthropoligical research on 
America. The sort of research I'm 
talking about begins, "Pretend you are 
from Mars and that you suddenly drop 
in on an American football game. What 
conclusions do you draw? Most of the 
conclusions would be confused, 
exasperating, laughable. 

That's the point. In Mork and Mindy 
we are the subjects of analysis. We 
provide the laughs. We are the butt of 
the juke. 

I realize in describing this that is 
sounds more like an academic exercise 
than a funny show. But what do you 
think of a pleasant looking young man 
who feverishly exhorts a carton of eggs 
to throw off their shells and liberate 
themselves. 

Or. when is is accused of sponging off 
a young woman, asserts indignantly that 
they do not bathe together. 

Mork's sex organs are in his arm He 
refers to flowers as fungi. Sits on his 
face. Makes strange sounds and 
gestures. And whenever he thinks he's 
done something wrong, quickly makes 
an effort to "adjust and copy." 

That, of course, is the most fun. He 
copies whoever is around. He copies 
Laverne and looks gay, and our 
stereotypical notions of homosexual 
behavior are ridiculed. 

Told that his voice is too high for a 
grown man, he quickly adjusts by 
dropping into a deep baritone. When 
asked where he "got" this voice, he 
replies that is came from a young male 
who appeared "on The Jeffersons last 
night." 



Mork copies much of his behavior 
from television. When forced to defend 
his sanity, he adopts the demeanor and 
style of television lawyers. Confronting 
the psychiatrist who thinks him crazy, 
he mimics television doctors. 

His exaggerations are pretty good 
indications that anyone who really tried 
to imitate television style in actual life 
experience would, like Mork, be taken 
for insane, or, as the judgment at his 
sanity hearing puts it, exercising a "God 
given right to be eccentric." His actions, 
our laughter, defuse some of the worries 
about television. 

We might not be able to dismiss some 
of the more pointed implied questions, 
however. At one point Mindy's father 
sends a sheriff to frighten Mork out of 
town. When asked where Mindy is, he 
replies that "she's at work. Strange 

NBC TO AIR STORIES FROM 
THE BIBLE 

NBC will present a 6V2 hour 
production of Stories From the Bible to 
be broadcast in four parts on con- 
secutive nights during National Bible 
Week, November 19-25. Lew Ayres, 
John Carradine and Robert Culp head 
the cast. 

According to Deanne Barkley of 
NBC, the network will present "the 
stirring, dramatic Bible stories that are 
timeless in their appeal and transcend 
any individual religious conviction." 

Each installment will dramatize three 
or four familiar Biblical tales. The 
programs will air 8:30-11:00 p.m. 
Sunday. Nov. 19, 9:00-11:00 p.m. 
Monday and Tuesday, Nov. 20-21. and 
8:00 10:00 p.m. on Wednesday. Nov. 
22. over most NBC affiliates. 



concept, but she seems to enjoy it." Well 
now. That might give us something to 
debate. In fact, many of Mork's ob- 
servations about who we are, what we 
do, how we interact with one another, 
could give us pause. 

This show frames our lives in a quick 
and delightful way. The jokes go by so 
quickly that we miss many of them. 
Some of the slapstick overshadows the 
more subtle satire. It's the type of show 
that would bear repeat watching. It 
could provide good discussion. But 
since Mork constantly points to the 



Reprinted with permission from Mass 
Media Newsletter (October 23. 1978). 

ambiguities of our language, we'll have 
to be careful. 

This may not be the best critique of 
American manners and morals we've 
ever had, but it's one of the best we have 
at the moment. It reminds us again, in a 
new way, that television is really about 
us. Mork's small epilogues, in which he 
discusses the foibles of humans with his 
own "kind" are little sermons. He likes us 
in spite of our weirdness. There is 
something a bit reassuring about that. 
After all, we don't really know who is 
watching, do we? 




GLOBAL PAPER-THE FIGHT FOR FOOD- more than half of these Philippine school 
children may be suffering from malnutrition, and in fact, may face starvation before they reach 
adulthood. The policies and problems that contribute to world hunger is the subject of a three- 
part probe on public television the week of November 12— GLOBAL PAPER— THE FIGHT 
FOR FOOD. 

Part 1- Sunday. November 12. 8p.m./7 central 
Part 2— Monday. November 13. 8 p.m. / 7 central 

—Global Paper Forum. Thursday. November 16. 9 p.m.' 8 central (Check local listings) 
GLOBAL PAPER.THE FIGHT FOR FOOD is produced by WQED/Pittsburg in association 
with the American Universities Field Staff with grants by EXXON and the Corporation for 
Public Broadcasting. 




By Mary Holland 

Durham — In my work as a nurse with 
people from all races, socio-economic 
level and cultures. I have discovered that 
television is the one thing common to all 
of our lives. To learn what I could do to 
become more aware of its effects on us 
and our society. I signed up for the 
Television Awareness Training (TAT) 
Workshop sponsored by St. Luke's 
Durham on a grant from the Diocesan 
Parish Grant Committee. 

Once a week for five weeks I came 
home weary after nine hours of teaching 
nursing only to trade my uniform for 



blue jeans and head off for a two-hour 
class in television awareness at . St. 
Luke's. Though my body frequently 
complained about the additional load 
after an already full and tiring workday. I 
am still convinced it was worth it. 

I had some, trepidation at first. In fact, 
I went to the initial session expecting to 
be told that TV was carcinogenic and 
that I should immediately throw my set 
out. Instead I learned that there are no 
absolutes in discussing television's 
effects upon the larger society. 

As the largest medium of com- 
munication in the world, television must 
be judged on both its merits and its 
disadvantages. Using films, self- 
evaluation, role-playing small group 
discussions. I joined with 14 other 
members of St. Luke's to weigh 
television's positive and negative aspects 
in order to become a more critical 
viewer. 

Under the direction of the Rev. Cathy 
Carlson, a Methodist minister and 
producer of Durham television station 
WTVD's "Curious Kaleidoscope", we 
explored four main areas — television 
and advertising, television and violence, 
television and children and television 
and human sexuality. 

In the course of the workshop we 
discovered a number of interesting facts 
abour television for which we attempted 
to develop a number of coping 
stragtegies. 

•98% of American households own a 
working TV set. Almost half have at 
least two. The average home is lighted 
by the TV screen 6 Vn hours each 
day. Suggestion: Sit down with the 
members of your family and evaluate the 
reasons for viewing TV in your 
household. 



•A major study completed in 1971 by 
the Surgeon General's Office concluded 
that exposure to television violence was 
one of the major causes of violence and 
aggression by youth. Suggestion: View 
questionable programs with children and 
discuss aberrant behavior. Take interest 
in your children's perceptions of what 
they are viewing, and explaing your 
opposition to such behavior based on 
your own values that you attempt to live 
out as a family. 

•Children do learn positive social 
behavior from television. In one ex- 
periment, children who viewed 
dramatization of helping on "Lassie" 
simulated a high level of helping by their 
behavior at the conclusion of the 
program. Suggestion: Utilize TV Guide 
or similar lisitings to identify positive 
messages on TV. View as a family and 
reinforce teaching. 

• The VanDeerlin-Frye Bill, now 
before Congress, would remove all 
federal control (FCC) from programming 
by 1980. If passed in its present form. 
there will be no control over the type and 
content of programs aired nationwide. 
Suggestion: Write letters individually 
and collectively to Senate represen- 
tatives stressing your opposition. 

Television can be entertaining, 
relaxing, informative and educational. 
Through it we exeperience many places, 
ideas and cultures which we would 
never encounter otherwise. 

By making us more aware of the 
impact of television as a teacher, TAT 
enables us to identify both the positive 
and the negative messages which it 
communicates, and methods to utilize 
this powerful medium to its fullest 
potential. And as "the Fonz" would say. 
"That's cool!" 



Hymnal revision proceeds with caution 



By Raymond Glover 

It is Tuesday, August 29, ^and in the 
quiet of a Roman Catholic seminary in 
Washington, D.C., a roomful of 
theologians, musicians, and college 
teachers have gathered for their second 
full meeting to complete work on the 
evaluation of the church's hymnal. 

They are the Theological Committee 
of the Standing Commission on Church 
Music. The heavily annotated pages of 
their own hymnals and the paper which 
already lies scattered in piles about the 
room testify to the painstaking care with 
which they are pursuing their assign- 
ment. 

Dr. Charles Price, chairman of the 
committee and member of the theology 
department at Virginial Theological 
Seminary, has just written on the 
blackboard his suggestions for 
alterations in Hymn 536, "Turn back, O 
man." 

The hymn has run afoul of the 
committee members, who have given it 
a "5" rating, signifying rejection. Written 
in the midst of World War I, the hymn 
text reflects a strongly humanistic 
philosophy in its implication that man, 
simply by foreswearing his "foolish 
ways", can make all earth "be fair and all 
her folk be one." 

In the committee's judgement, the text 
does not acknowledge the grace of God. 
And with society's heightened sensitivity 
to sexism, the text's generic use of the 
word 'man' is a problem as well. 

On the previous day the committee 
spent many hours on this text, a favorite 
of congregations throughout the 
country. Now, in an attempt to save it. 
Dr. Price suggests alterations which 
would remove the problematic language 
and place the theme of world com- 



munity in a definite Christian 
framework. The discussion resumes. 

Hymn 536 is not alone; many others 
have been marked by the committee for 
possible deletion. The Missions and 
National Days sections of the Hymnal 
contain a number of texts that aren't 
likely to find their way into the new 
Hymnal. 'Such hymns, like Rudyard 
Kipling's "God of our fathers, known of 
old," are the expressions of the 
missionary imperialism of a former age, 
an age which fostered the idea that 
certain races are "lesser breeds without 
the law." 

Although close to two hundred hymns 
have been recommended for deletion, 
an even larger number have been rated 
"1" (acceptance without change), "2c" 
(acceptance with alteration), and 
"2t"(acceptance after checking primary 
sources). 

"Lo, he comes with clouds descen-' 
ding," O sacred head sore wounded," 
and "Glorious things of thee are 
spoken," are some of the great hymns of 
the church which have received a'T" 
from the hands of the committee. 

Sexist language is the chief reason 
why hymns receive a "2c" rating; lines 
like that found in Hymn 289 ("O God. 
our help,"), "bears all its sons away", is 
considered to be a stumbling block for a 
growing number of people in our culture. 
Obscure language also elicits a "2c" 
rating from the committee. 

In the "2t" category can be found 
many nineteenth century translations of 
Latin Office Hymns (used in medieval 
monastic worship) and German 
chorales, among them "Wake, awake 
for night is flying," and "Creator of the 
stars of night." All texts in this category 
will be compared wth primary sources 



Kansas City, Mo.— The Proposed 
Book of Common Prayer has received 
overwhelming acceptance and use 
throughout the Episcopal Church, 
according to an impromptu survey taken 
at the October meeting of the House of 
Bishops. 

The bishops indicated that they had 
encountered little in the way of 
widespread, massive resistance to the 
institution of the Proposed Book which 
is likely to be ratified by the General 
Convention next year. 

The poll was taken at the annual 
meeting of the House of Bishops in 
response to Presiding Bishop John 
Allin's request that the House act "to 
provide some reassurance" to devotees 
of the 1928 Prayer Book, "while work 
goes forward toward the one Standard 
Book." 

"Our clergy need support in leading 
worship, not restriction," Allin asserted. 
The efficacy of Bishop Allin's leadership 
on this matter was one of the topics in 
the ensuing discussion. 

Bishop George Murray of the Central 
Gulf Coast warned against any message 
now which might "create tensions and 
pressures on this Church which we can 
ill afford." He urged that nothing be done 
which might lead to "divided cities where 
'1928' parishes and '1979' parishes" 
compete with one another. 

His viewpoint received support from 
Bishop Thomas Fraser of North 
Carolina, who declared that his diocese 
had not been troubled to any great 
degree about the Prayer Book until he 
started hearing from people who said 
"they'd had letters from Bishop Allin 
saying we can have two books." 

"Then our clergy started to complain 
that their efforts to effect the acceptance 
of the Proposed Book were being un- 
dercut by the House of Bishops." 



and then evaluated for their degree of 
faithfulness to both the language and 
theology of the original. Decisions on 
most hymns in this group are still 
pending. 

The remaining categories, "3" and "4" 
represent a small number of hymns on 
which the committee has been unable to 
reach agreement. Final decisions on 
these hymns will be based on the results 
of a survey of clergy and musicians 
made early this fall. 



The Standing Committee on Church 
Music plans to complete this evaluation 
of the Hymnal by early 1979. In the 
meantime, the Commission is preparing 
Hymns III. collection of 160 hymns 
not presently in the Episcopal Hymnal. 
The Commission is also at work on an 
expanded Hymnal, which the Com- 
mission hopes to have authorized for 
presentation to General Convention in 
1982. 



'Episcocats' make debut 



Proposed Book well received 



The "Episcocats" are making their debut 
in book form in time for Christmas 
1978. 

In answer to many requests , The 
Episcopalian is publishing a 72-page, 
100-photo book containing the most 
popular "Episcocats" pictures of the past 
15 years. 

The book will sell for a pre-publication 
price of $3 plus 60 c postage and 
handling if ordered before December 1 . 
Payment should accompany order. 
Delivery will be in time for Christmas. 

After December 1, the price will in- 
crease to $4 plus 60 c postage and 
handling. Churches wishing to order in 
quantity for sale at fairs, conventions or 
bazaars should contact: Episcocats • 
Box 2122 • Middle City Station • 
Philadelphia, Pa. 19103. 



"I don't believe," Bishop Fraser said, 
"that the bishop as chief liturgical officer 
in his diocese has the right to decide 
which book is used after 1979. His 
obligation is to say that, if General 
Convention votes for it, the new book is 
the Prayer Book of this Church. I beg 
this House to do nothing else." 

By a strong voice vote, the House 
subsequently reaffirmed . its 1975 
pastoral statement acknowledging the 
need for a "period of transition" in the 
shift to The Proposed Book of Common 
Prayer as the Standard Book of the 
Church. The statement expresses their 
intent to "respect the feelings of our 
sisters and brothers", and "safeguard the 
principle of a Standard Book." 

The House then spent a half hour in 
small groups, assessing response in their 
dioceses to The Proposed Book, and 
estimating the strength of sentiment for 
the continuing and full use of the 1928 
book after 1979. 

Reports from each group revealed 
overwhelming acceptance and use of 
The Proposed Book at present. The 
bishops described strong pro-1928 
Book sentiment as "substantially small" 
..."dwindling"... "held by only a small 
minority of layity"... "strong but quite 
spotty." 

Some exceptions were noted; one 
diocesan bishop reported that 20% of 
his clergy and many lay people definitely 
favored the 1928 rites. 

At least ten diocesan conventions 
have memorialized General Convention 
to allow continuing use of The 1928 
Prayer Book, though several bishops 
indicated that some of these memorials 
were passed in consideration of the 
strong feelings of a small segment of 
people, and not because such sen- 
timents enjoyed widespread support. 





Pittsburgh, Pa.— After more than a 
decade of declining church membership, 
the Episcopal Church is about to borrow 
a page from the Southern Baptists, 
Assemblies of God, and Nazarenes, 
according to its Officer of Evangelism 
and Renewal. All three denominations 
have posted consistent gains over the 
same period. 

"Although our losses are in line with 
those experience by other major 
denominations during the same period, 
we are not going to sit still and do 
nothing about it," said the Rev. A. 
Wayne Schwab, Episcopal Evangelism 
and Renewal Officer, on the staff of the 
Episcopal Church Center in New York. 

"What they have in common is 
something we haven't had— 
evangelism— getting out and spreading 
the word." 

According to Schwab, the new thrust 
will involve "reaching out to the un- 
churched regardless of their beliefs, a 
new approach for Episcopalians." 

Schwab made his remarks at the 
1978 National Episcopal Renewal 
Conference in Pittsburgh, Pa. Spon- 
sored by PEWS/ACTION and the 



Renewal Conference 
meets in Pittsburgh 

Office of Evangelism and Renewal of the 
National Church, the conference 
brought over 1300 parish and diocesan 
leaders from all over the country to 
Pittsburgh for three days of speeches, 
workshops and planning sessions. 

There they heard addresses by 
Presiding Bishop John Allin, the Rev. 
Wayne Schwab, and the Rt. Rev. 
Desmond Tutu, former Anglican Bishop 
of Lesotho and newly-elected Executive 
Secretary of the South African Council 
of Churches on such subjects as 
renewal, nurture/discipling and social 
ministry. 

Our diocese sent two groups, one 
each from Good Shepherd, Raleigh and 
St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem. 
Marguerite Joyner, a member of the 
Church of the Good Shepherd, Raleigh, 
found the conference as helpful as it was 
inspiring. 

"For me, the conference provided an 
honest look at ourselves as a Church 
and individually as disciples of Jesus 
Christ. The program was well-rounded, 
and offered practical guidance on such 
matters as proclamation, nurture of the 
laity and leadership. 

Three times a day we gathered as a 
parish or diocesan team to explore ways 
we might put our new insights to use in 
our own churches. On Sunday morning 
we met with the team from St. 
Timothy's, Winston-Salem and together 
shared our hopes for the future of or 
diocese. 

The conference closed with a stirring 
call by Bishop Desmond Tutu to open 
our eyes to see a world in deep need of 
the love of God and of love and justice 
among all. As the conference closed, I 
felt cleansed, stretched and redirected. I 
left for home with a new understanding 
of our high calling and a new enthusiasm 
for the future of our Church." 



The Communicant-November. 1978-F 



The COMMUNICANT 



Sewing the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 




Volume 68, Number 9, December, 1978 



Preliminary sketch of the Camp and Conference Center, designed by Raleigh architect 
Bill Dodge. AAA. The proposed center will provide dining and meeting facilities for 150 
people and double occupancy rooms with private baths to accommodate 96 overnight 
guests. 

English clergy vote 'no', 
Block woman priests 



LONDON (RNS)— Despite the pleas 
of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the 
General Synod of the Church of England 
voted to continue to bar women from 
the priesthood. 

A resolution calling for the removal of 
barriers to the ordination of women to 
the priesthood and their consecration to 
the episcopate" was approved by both 
the House of Bishops, and the House of 
Laity, but was defeated in the House of 
Clergy by a margin of more than fifty 
votes. Such an issue requires the ap- 
proval of all three orders. Under long-, 
established rules, the issue of women's 
ordination cannot be brought before the 
General Synod for five years. 

In his address before the Synod, Dr. 
Donald Coggan, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, called for the ordination of 
women, noting that "within the Roman 
Catholic Church, there are a great many 
people who believe that the ordination of 
women is right, and I believe they would 
welcome a lead." 

"The Church," he added, "badly needs 
today the orained ministry of those 
having special gifts and wisdom which 
women alone can bring through the 
priestly role." 

Leading the opposition to the 
resolution was Bishop Graham Leonard 
of Truro, who argued that to allow a 
woman to represent the headship of 
Christ would be to tempt people into 
supposing "they could take the initiative 
in their dealings with God." 

"I believe that the scriptures speak of 
God as Father," the bishop said, "that 
Christ was incarnate as a male, that he 
chose men to his apostles in spite of 
breaking with tradition in his dealings 



with women, not because of social 
conditioning, but because in the order of 
creation, headship and authority is 
symbolically and fundamentally 
associated with maleness." 

As the results of the vote were an- 
nounced, Deaconess Una Krowl, long- 
time advocate for the ordination of 
women, broke the silence with her 
anguished cry from the public gal]ery: 
"We have asked you for bread and you 
gave us a stone. Long live God!" 

Other response to the resolution's 
defeat was quick in coming. The vote 
was hailed in a front-page editorial in 
L'Osservatore Romano, the Vatican 
City's daily newspaper, which noted that 
the decision "could not help but find 
consensus in the Catholic Church." The 
editorial comment came even as some 
2,000 delegates to the second annual 
Conference on the Ordination of Roman 
Catholic Women, meeting in Baltimore, 
voted to send a delegation to seek 
dialogue with Pope John Paul II on the 
issue of female clergy. 

The decision was seen as a stumbling 
block to ecumenism in the eyes of 
several leaders of English Free Chur- 
ches 

Dr. Kenneth Great, secretary of the 
Methodist Conference, and one of the 
prime movers of the British ecumenical 
movement, noted that "the continued 
impoverishment of the Anglican ministry 
by the exclusion of women who must 
feel deely frustrated by the rejection" will 
inevitably make it much harder to 
achieve a form of covenant on unity 
acceptable to the English Free Churches 
which have had women in the ministry 
for many years. 



* Coming Up * 

The 163rd Diocesan Convention 
at the 



Raleigh Civic Center 
January 26-27, 1979 




Campaign picks up speed 
^26 Churches state $ goal 



RALEIGH— Only two months after it 
began, the Diocesan Campaign • is 
already more than one-third of the way 
toward its goal of $2 million, according 
to a report issued late last month by the 
Campaign Office. 

Response to the $2 Million Campaign 
increased dramatically in November, 
when twenty more churches notified the 
Campaign Office of their intention to 
bring pledges totalling $426,344 to the 
163rd Diocesan Convention in Raleigh 
in January. 

To date, twenty-six of the 115 
churches in the diocese have notified the 
Campaign Office of their intentions to 
pledge a total of $708,612 at the up- 
coming convention. Several individual 
pledges totalling $3,400 bring the 
current total to $712,012 an increase of 
$429,744 above the total reported in the 
last issue of The Communicant. 

Authorized last January hy the 162nd 
Diocesan Convention, the campaign 
hopes to raise $1.4 million for the 
construction of a Camp and Conference 
Center on diocesan-owned property just 



north of Greensboro, and- $600,000 I 
the Diocese's Venture In Missio 
Counting both goals and pledges 
received to date, the Diocese has 
committments amounting to more than 
1/3 of the $2 million targeted. 

The churches which have announced 
pledges or. goals include: All Souls', 
Ansonville; Chapel of the Cross, Chapel 
Hill; Church of the Holy Family, Chapel 
Hill; Holy Comforter. Charlotte; St. 
Michael and All Angels', Charlotte; St. 
Andrew's, Durham; St. Phillip's, 
Durham; Epiphany, Eden; and St. 
Mary's House, Greensboro. 

Also: St. Christopher's, High Point; 
St. Stephen's, Oxford; Christ Church, 
Raleigh; St. Augustine's Chapel, 
Raleigh; St. Thomas', Reidsvile; St. 
Luke's. Salisbury; St. Thomas', Sanford; 
St. Paul's, Thomasville: Calvary, 
Wadesboro; and St. Stephen's. Win- 
ston-Salem. 

The Campaign is scheduled to run 
through January, and parish and in- 
dividual pledges will be tallied at the 
163rd Diocesan Convention in Raleigh 
on January 26-27. 




MALAYSIA — Hungry Vietnamese children stare at visitors aboard the 
freighter Hai Hong off the coast of Malaysia on Nov. 20, as they wait with 2,500 
refugees for word on their fate. 

Malaysia has received Cambodian, Laotian and Vietnamese refugees in the 
belief that other nations would also open their doors as generously. Un- 
fortunately, this has not been the case, and now the Malayasian government has 
refused to allow any more refugees to enter until those already in the refugee 
camps are placed in other countries. 

No refugee can come to the U.S. without assurance of sponsorship. According 
to an urgent mailgram which Presiding Bishop John Allin has received from 
Church World Service, "the challenge is much greater than in 1975, when 
American churches responded so generously." 

In a mailgram to Bishop Fraser, the Rev. Samir J. Habiby, Executive Director 
of the Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief, requests "that this urgent need 
be communicated to the people of your Diocese in the earnest hope that this new 
challenge can be met." • RNS Photo 



newsbriefs 

state and local 



St. Paul's puts teeth in outreach 

SMITHFIELD— Migrants and seasonal 
farmworkers in Harnett, Johnston and 
Sampson counties stand a better chance of 
keeping their teeth, thanks to the work of the 
Outreach Committee of St. Paul's, Smith- 
field. 

With a $3,000 grant from the Parish Grant 
Committee, members of St. Paul's have 
established a program to provide low-cost 
dental care for seasonal workers and 
migrants in cooperation with the Tri-County 
Community Health Center in Newton Grove. 

According to Sue Overton, committee 
chairman, such a program is needed because 
existing federal policy only pays for two 
extractions per worker, hardly enough to 
meet the needs of people whose teeth have 
suffered from years of malnutrition and 
neglect. 

"First we asked local dentists if they would 
be willing to work with us to provide dental 
care to migrants at minimal cost," Mrs. 
Overton explains. Six agreed — two from 
Selma and four from Smithfield. Assured of 
support from the local medical community, 
the applied for funding from the Parish Grant 
Committee in June. 

The grant didn't come through until near 
the end of August, but the committee had 
their first patients in the dentist's chair before 
the end of July, so pressing was the need. 

The dentists charge only for material and 
overhead, and the workers are asked to 
contribute in proportion to their weekly 
income. Under this arrangment, workers can 
receive emergency dental treatment at one- 
fourth the normal cost. 

21 patients have been treated under the 
program to date, and no one has yet been 
turned away. Once the grant runs out. 
members of St. Paul's intend to find other 
ways to fund the on-going work of the 
Dental Care Program. Members of St. Paul's 
Outreach Committee include Sue Overton 
(Chair). Julia Elsee, Craig Jones and Cyndy 
Huntsberry. 

Have voices, will travel 

CHARLOTTE— Lauda Musicam is a group 
of 14 musicians who perform music 500 
years old and older. Under the musical 
direction of Carolyn Darr, organist-choir 
master at Christ Church, the group con- 
centrates on vocal music of the medieval and 

The group feels strongly that if properly 
performed such music offers a unique beauty 
and vitality to the twentieth century listener. 
And so far the critics seem to agree with 
them. The critical acclaim and enthusiastic 
ience response which greeted their initial 
cert on Sept. 17 at Christ Church is 
evidence that others share this view. 

The members rehearse as a group for 
approxiamately 2 hours each week. Most are 
professional musicans. and all have extensive 
musical training. 

Programs are varied and include both 
sacred and secular music, ranging from a 
:et by Josquin des Pres to madrigals by 
John Bennet. Solos and duets are included in 
their repertory, as well as instrumental 
works, but the majority of the program 
consists of unaccompanied choral works for 
4 to 8 parts. 

Though primarily concerned with early 
music, the group does occasionally perform 
works from more recent periods. 

he musicians of Lauda Musicam enjoy 
what they do and are eager to share their 
enthusiasm for the music with others. 
Concerts may be arranged by contacting 
Carolyn Darr, director, at Christ Episcopal 
Church, Charlotte. Their next scheduled 
program will be on Friday, Feb. 4. 1979 at 8 
p.m. at Christ Church. 
Lifeline 

CHARLOTTE— "In order to make pastoral 
care work at St. Andrews of Charlotte more 
meaningful," writes Patsy Walters. " we have 
begun to search for new ways to meet the 
needs of the people of our community. 

"One of the most successful endeavors 
that has evolved from this desire to help 
others has been the formation of a group 
which we call "i_i'. lines." 

Originally. Father Dunn and the chair 
person of our pastoral committee met with 
members of our church commiunity who had 
recently suffered the loss of a relative or 

Pna '.-The Cnmmimicnnt-Dece.nber. 1978 



close personal friend. Started with only 
seven people, the group quickly expanded 
beyond the congregation of St. Andrew's to 
those outside the church with similar needs. 
Meetings are held on the third Tuesday of 
each month, and usually include a covered 
dish supper in the home of a Lifelines 
member. 

St. Andrew's is not a large parish, but we 
feel the need for such groups is great in every 
church, large and small alike. If we can be of 
any help in getting a group started in your 
church, please feel free to contact us." 
Tapes Available 

OXFORD— The Education & Training 
Committee of the diocese has tape cassettes 
of "Education for Faith and Commitment" by 
Dr. John Westerhoff, III. These tapes consist 
of three addresses given in 1978 at the 
Northeast Christian Education Conference in 
Portland, Oregon and now published by the 
Episcopal Radio-TV Foundation. The ad- 
dresses deal with divine revelation, 
enhancement of faith, and preparation for 
Christian vocation. They may be borrowed 
for two week periods by request to the Rev. 
Harrison T. Simons, Chairman, Education & 
Training Committee, Box 194, Oxford, N.C. 
St. Aug.'s hits paydirt 

RALEIGH— Dr. Prezell R. Robinson, 
President of Saint Augustine's College, has 
announced the receipt of a grant of $35,000 
from the Arthur Vining Davis Foundation for 
Capital Construction. 

This grant will be used to aid in the 
construction of a new Health Clinic at the 
College. Recently the College received a 
grant of $100,000 from the Kresge Foun- 
dation for the Health Clinic. Groundbreaking 
for this new building is scheduled for 
February, 1979, during Founders' Day. 



Small is problematic 

RALEIGH— The plight of small churches 
was the chief topic of discussion during the 
Nov. 14 meeting of the Diocesan Council. 

In response to a previously-passed Council 
resolution (Sept. 14) calling for a study of the 
problems of small congregations, Ar- 
chdeacon Robert Davis, chairman of the 
Mission Strategy Committee, provided 
Council members with a brief overview of the 
factors affecting small churches in the 
diocese. 

In the discussion that followed, the Rev. 
Don Frazier, Dean of the Sandhills Con- 
vocation, pointed out that financial 
limitations create unique problems for small 
congregations. "Folks moving in from big city 
churches come expecting to play 'big church' 
on a small church budget," Mr. Frazier 
observed. "And clergy in small congregations 
feel guilty knowing that 70% of the budget 
goes to their salary, leaving very little for 
church program. It's very demoralizing." 

Canon Davis stressed the importance of 
small congregations in the life of the Church, 
and noted that the Mission Strategy 
Committee planned to request the upcoming 
Diocesan Convention to authorize a year- 
long study, in light of the importance of the 
recovery of small churches and the recovery 
of lay ministry, we have to take some action 
soon," he explained. 

Council members also heard reports on the 
progress of the Diocese Campaign and the 
Triad Home Campaign, and Bishop Fraser 
described a recent Labor Management 
Seminar held at the Diocesan House by the 
North Carolina Coouncil of Churches. 
Managment personnel from Burlington and 
J. P. Stevens were among those represented 
at the meeting. The next meeting of the 
Diocesan Council is scheduled for January 9 
at the Diocesan House. 



world and national 



Teacher training on public tv 

NEW YORK— Volunteer teachers- 
including those who serve in church 
schools — will be able to receive training in 
their own homes through a public television 
series scheduled to begin in January. 

"The Other School System" consists of 
twelve 30-minute programs on various 
aspects of teaching in church schools, 
preschool programs, day care centers, and 
community service agencies. 

The Episcopal Church, along with 15 other 
organizations, is participating in the project, 
which will cover such topics as Children as 
Learners, Learning Environments, Story 
Telling, Group Communication, Discipline, 
and Faith and Moral Development. 

The program is scheduled to air over the 
UNC-TV network beginning in January. 
Brochures giving a more detailed description 
of the program may be obtained by con- 
tacting the Rev. Harrison Simons, St. 
Stephen's Church, P.O. Box 194, Oxford, 
NC 27565. 
The Pope signs with Seabury 

NEW YORK-The Seabury Press, one of 
the Episcopal Church's publishing houses, 
has acquired exclusive North American 
publishing rights to three books written by 
Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla.now Pope 
John Paul II. 

One of the three books. Sign of Con- 
tradiction, published earlier this year in Italy, 
will be published here in February, 1979, a 
Seabury Press announcement said. 

The announcement described the book as 
"a biblically based book of spiritual renewal 
in the modern world." 
Women's Caucus sets platform 
for Denver 

SILVER SPRING. Md.-The Board of the 
Episcopal Women's Caucus, meeting here in 
early October, announced a three-fold 
platform for the 1979 General Convention in 
Colorado. The Caucus resolved to focus its 
energies in three crucial areas: the plight and 
needs of urban women; the employment and 
deployment of women in ministry and op- 
position to any political efforts to restrict 



Archbishop opposes nuclear 
energy 

SYDNEY (RNS)-Anglican Arch- 
chbishop Marcus Loane of Sydney has 
joined oppoents of nuclear energy 
development on the grounds that the risks of 
atomic catastrophe are too great. 

"Conservative instincts make me react 
against the noisy demands of public 
demonstrations," the archbishop said, 
alluding to the tactics of anti-nuclear 
protesters, "but I am left with a feeling of 
discomfort from what I have read. 

A great public debate is underway here on 
whether Australia should mine what are 
thought to be rich uranium deposits and 
develop nuclear energy plants. 

In the opinion of Archbishop Loane, "the 
problems of radioactive waste disposal which 
will result from the mining and processing of 
uranium are staggering; such wastes are 
likely to remain potent for a time that 
stretches far into the future." 

Archbishop Loane said that another cause 
of his anxiety was the hazard to health 
inseperable from uranium mining and nuclear 
energy. 

it seems clear that the risks of radioactive 
materials and the radiation which they emit 
have been dangerously understated. 

"This was perhaps forgiveable in the first 
half of the 20th century, but not since the 
explosion of the atomic bombs over 
Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. 

And it only took 16... 

MIAMI (RNS)-The Rev. Calvin On- 
derdonk Schofield, Jr., 45, was elected 
Bishop Coadjutor of the Diocese of 
Southeast Florida after 16 ballots taken over 

The rector of St. Andrew's Church here 
will succeed the Rev. James L. Duncan, 
bishop of the diocese since 1970, who will 
retire Jan. 1, 1980. 

After six ballots and a full day of 
politicking failed to give either Mr. Schofield 
or the Rev. William L. Stevens, of Plantation, 
Fla., a majority in both the lay and clergy 
houses at a special diocesan convention on 
Nov. 4, a delegate called out from the floor, " 
Do we have any Polish priests?". 



Feet, do your stuff 

FRANKLIN-To celebrate his 93rd birth- 
day, the Rev. Rufus Morgan, a retired 
Episcopal priest who lives in a mountain log 
cabin near Franklin, NC, climbed Mount 
LeConte, near Gatlinburg, TN, for the 174th 
time Sunday. At 6,593 feet, Mount LeConte 
is less than 100 feet shorter than Mount 
Mitchell, the highest peak in the eastern US. 

Morgan carried his own back pack and led 
his birthday group of 17 friends and fellow 
hikers to the peak via the Trilium Gap Trail. 
He set a steady pace and refused to rest 
except for lunch, his companions said. 

"I've hiked a million miles in my life, I 
reckon." He is nearly blind. 

New Board Elected 

GREENSBORO-Share-a-Home has 
elected the Rev. Gary Garnett, rector of 
All Saints' Episcopal Church, and James B. 
Barber as co — presidents. 

Mrs. John Reeve will serve as secretary- 
treasurer and Amy Cox as legal counsel. 

New board members are Marion Follin, 
Dr. Vira Kivett, Robert Linnell, Mrs. 
Annie Ray Moore, Mrs. Lynn 
Borrego, Martin Bernstein and 
Patrick McLoughlin. 



calendar 



1978 


DECEMBER 


1978 


L«|« 


TUES ' WED. 


THURS 


1 2 


3 4 


5 6 


7 


8 9 


10 11 


12 13 


14 


15 16 


17 18 


19 20 


21 


22 23 


2 S, 25 


26 27 


28 


29 30 



20— Charlotte: Meeting of the Charlotte 

Clericus, 12:30 pm 
22-26— Christmas: Diocesan House 

closed. 
26— Committee: Meeting of the Standing 

Committee. 



1979 


JANUARY 


1979 


1 


2 3 4 


5 6 


7 8 


9 10 11 


12 13 


14 15 


16 17 18 


19 20 


21 22 


23 24 25 


26 27 


28 29 


30 31 





2— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

meeting, noon. 
3— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
4— Social Ministries: Christian Social 

Ministries Committee meets. 
5— Clericus: Meeting of the Sandhills 

Clericus, 10:00 a.m. 
9— Council: Diocesan Council holds its pre 

convention meeting at 10:00 a.m. 
9— Clergy Association: North Carolina 

Association of Episcopal Clergy meets in 

Lexington. 
10— Youth: The Diocesan Youth Com- 
mittee meets in Asheboro 
14 — Northeast: Pre-convention meeting of 

Northeast convocation. 
15 — Sandhills: Pre-convention meeting of 

Sandhills Convocation. 
15— Deadline: Deadline for February issue 

of The Communicant 
16— Central: Pre-convention meeting of 

Central Convocation at St. Ambrose, 

Raleigh, 7:30 p.m. 
17— Southwest: Pre-convention meeting of 

the Southwest Convocation. 
18— Northwest: Pre-convention meeting of 

the Northwest Convocation in Greens- 
borough, 7:30 p.m. 
17— Clericus: The Charlotte clericus will 

meet at 12:30 p.m. 
19— Adult Training: An Adult Training 

Conference in Youth Ministries will be held 

through January 21 . 
26— Convention: The 163rd Diocesan 

Convention will be held January 26-27, in 

Raleigh. 



Diocesan family turns out for Acolyte Festival 78 





There were banners aplenty as more than 1500 people 
from all parts of the Diocese travelled to Durham on 
Saturday, November 11, for the annual Diocesan Acolyte 
Festival at Duke University. Kids and adults alike enjoyed 
a eucharist in the chapel, a box lunch and Duke football in 
Wallace Wade Stadium (although not necessarily in that 
order) before finally heading for home late Saturday after - 



The Communicant-December, 1978 Pen 



^gjj editorial 



A 

question of 
violence? 



Although more than four months have passed since it was first announced, the 
$85,000 grant from the World Council of Churches to the Patriotic Front, an alliance 
of African exile groups which are presently at war with the Rhodesian government, 
continues to be a source of concern for many within and without the Episcopal Church. 
The grant was made by the Program to Combat Racism, a special fund which is 
supported only by the specifically designated contributions of somt WCC member 
denominations and not by the Episcopal Church. 

Thus far most of the discussion has centered principally on the question of whether 
or not the Church may sanction violence and still remain faithful to the Gospel. Now 
that is an important question, and a complex one which may not be dismissed easily. 
But is the Church's position on violence really the issue raised by this particular grant? 

At the outset it is important to note that the grant was made with the stipulation that 
it would be used solely to support a variety of food, health, social, educational and 
agricultural relief programs operated by the Patriotic Front for the more than 162,000 
refugees from Rhodesia (also called Zimbabwe by Africans) now living in exile in camps 
scattered throughout neighboring Botswana, Mozambique and Zambia. The In- 
ternational Red Cross reports that life in these refugee camps is often very hard— food 
is in dangerously short supply, and malnutrition has taken a particularly heavy toll 

a matter of perspective 



By Sister Evelyn Mattern 

Poets and novelists have often ex- 
perimented with story-telling to show the 
power of perspective. The same story 
told from an . altered point of view 
becomes a different story. 

Similarly, in the realm of politics the 
same words and phrases conjure up 
differing realities to persons coming 
from various perspectives. 

"Human rights" is a good example. 
People in liberal western democracies 
tend to think of human rights as political 
and civil rights— that is, the guarantee of 
religious freedom, freedom of assembly, 
the right to dissent, the right to vote and 
participate in decision-making 
processes, and the protection of per- 
sonal dignities in the broadest sense. 

In contrast to this western democratic 
stress on civil rights, socialist and many 
third world countries stress socio- 
economic rights as essential to human 
rights. They insist that the basic 
guarantees of life — food, shelter, work, 
and protection from unjust economic 
structures — are human rights. From this 
viewpoint, China or Cuba may appear 
Utopian; from the viewpoint of those 
who emphasize the importance of 
political and civil rights, those countries 
may seem demonic. 

Another exercise in point of view is 
required to understand attitudes 
towards church-state relations in our 
American tradition. 

In a recent article for Network, 
Rosemary Radford Reuther notes that 
the consensus among Americans is that 
religion is a matter of private conscience. 
No particular religion should be official, 
yet Americans expect that some broad 
principles of Judaeo-Christian morality 
should inform the public conscience 
and, consequently, the government of 
our nation. 

Both liberals and conservatives hold 
the principle but perceive its application 
differently. In practice, according to 



Reuther, "Each side tends to regard 
religion as a matter of private judgment 
when it comes to matters they accept. 

Thus liberals believe that the evils of 
pornography or abortion are matters for 
private judgment... But they may wish 
public officials to listen to church- 
persons on matters of racism, war and 
human rights. 

Similarly, conservatives believe that 
the clergy have no business in politics 
when it comes to speaking on war and 
racism. Yet they very much believe that 
something called a "Christian moral 
order" demands the repeal of gay rights, 
the rejection of the Equal Rights 
Amendment, a Right to Life amend- 
ment, and support for the arms race. " 

In the midst of this confusion, what 
remains clear is that most of us are 
formed in our approach to social 
questions more by our cultural roots 
than by the Gospel. In fact, our un- 
derstanding of the Gospel may be 
conditioned by our culture more than 
our penetration of the culture is 
enlightened by the Gospel. The question 
would seem to be, How do we reverse 
the order? How can we open ourselves 
to the Word of God so that it stands in 
judgment of us rather than continuing to 
allow our cultural biases to determing 
the role that the Gospel of Jesus is 
allowed to play in our lives. 

Silence, prayer, and reflection on the 
Gospel are the way to begin un- 
deceiving ourselves. Regular periods of 
reflection on our involvement with our 
culture are another. Somehow it would 
seem that Christians are the ones called 
to be neither conservative nor liberal, 
neither right nor left, neither capitalist 
nor socialist. We need only be very clear 
and consistent about a few Gospel 
values— life and love. The challenge lies 
in applying them to all our relationships. 
Sister Evelyn Mattern is the Minister for 
Peace and Justice for the Roman 
Catholic Diocese of Raleigh. Her article 
originally appeared in The North 
Carolina Catholic, November 19, 1978. 



The COMMU NICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619 919-787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
^first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 

NC 

Publication Number: 392580 



among the children. 

Now we who find ourselves living out the latter part of the 20th century in a land of 
relative abundance at a level of relative comfort if not affluence in a society which at 
least acknowledges the truth of racial equality if it does not always promote true racial 
justice, may find it difficult to comprehend the magnitude of human suffering which is 
the daily lot of the hundreds of thousands of Africans who must somehow find a way 
to live between the bullets. And our task is not made any easier by recent news reports 
that missionaries and children now must be numbered among the innocent victims of 
this tragic violence, or by the efforts of both the Rhodesian government and the 
Patriotic Front to each blame the other for the latest round of atrocities in an escalating 
exchange of qhare and counter-charge. 

Acknowledging that "the tragedy of suffering on both sides is undenied", the WCC 
has explained that the funds were allocated "neither as a sign of approval or blame for 
the suffering on either side", but "simply to help some of those caught in the conflict in a 
way it believes will end the suffering of all Zimbabwe people most effectively and 
rapidly." 

True — there is no certainty that the grant will have the desired effect, an admission 
which the WCC makes openly. And in their effort "to make an effective Christian 
witness in a situation of conflict", the WCC also concedes that the grant 'raises as 
many questions as it attempts to answer." 

Yet in acknowledging a responsibility to act in the midst of such uncertainty, the 
WCC is merely confronting the same kind of decision which hundreds of thousands of 
Africans face every day the conflict continues. It is the same decision which our African 
bishops described with such anguish at Lambeth this past summer, much to the 
surprise of many of their American brothers who suddenly realized that prolonged 
debate on the subject was a luxury that few Africans felt they could afford. 

As Tanzanian Bishop Josiah Kirbira, president of the Lutheran World Federation (an 
international body representing more than 60 million Lutherans worldwide) has pointed 
out — "The grant was ear-marked for food — not guns. I would never condone murder, 
but neither would I ever deprive starving children of God." In deciding to offer aid to 
those "starving children of God" now living in exile from their native Zimbabwe 
(Rhodesia), the WCC has elected to make an effective Christian witness in a situation 
of conflict by standing with the poor, the dispossessed, the hungry, the sick, the needy. 
As far as the Gospel is concerned, it is hard to find fault with that. They could have 
done much more, the need is so great. But it is hard to see how they could have done 

anylGSS -. CWB 




letters 



Ed. note: The following is a copy of a 
letter signed by several of the members 
of the Charlotte Clericus, and presented 
to the congregations of the Episcopal 
churches in Charlotte. Copies of the 
letter were also sent to Gov. James B. 
Hunt, and Attorney General Griffin Bell. 

To Our Brothers and Sisters in Christ 
Jesus, Grace and Peace. 

As God's People, all of us are called to 
live daily under both the judgment and 
the inspiration of the Gospel. We are a 
community baptized to join God in his 
work of bringing equity and freedom, 
peace and wholeness, healing and unity 
to the world. In laboring for the spread 
of God's Kingdom, we are summoned to 
resist evil and to strive for justice. 

Recent articles in the newspapers 
have brought to the attention of our 
state the Case of the Wilmington Ten 
once again. As is well known, the case 
has for years been in the courts, and 
more recently before the Governor. In 
January 1977, our Diocesan Con- 
vention passed a resolution encouraging 
the Governor, the Attorney-General, 
and the State Court System actively to 
pursue the case to see that justice be 
truly administered to the accused and 
convicted. Now the United States 
Justice Department has asked that the 
prisoners be released. 

We are, and continue to be, 
profoundly disturbed by the allegation 
that when this case was being tried in 
the courts, the Prosecution withheld 
from the Defense certain evidence, and 
that this was upheld by the judge. If this 
allegation is true, then beyond being 
illegal, such action is also immoral. It 
also imperils our system of 
jurisprudence, and therby endangers not 
only the accused in a particular case, but 
the entire citizenry. 

We tfierefore call upon the court 
system, to hear this case. Where it is 
found that the rights of the accused have 
been abridged or denied, we call for 
swift redress of all wrong done thereby 
to the defendants, and for those 
responsible to be brought to full ac 



countability under the law. And we call 
upon all people of this State, and 
especially upon the faithful of our 
congregations, to join us in insisting that 
a thorough and fair review be made of 
this case to ensure that justice be truly 
done. 

L. Bartine Sherman. 

Rector of St. Martin's Church; Frank H. 
Vest, Rector of Christ Church; Frank 
G. Dunn, Rector of St. Andrew's; 
James H. B. Kenyon, Vicar of St. 
Michael and All Angels; Robert L. 
Haden, Rector of St. John's; Doris 
Bloxham, Minister of Program and 
Education, St. John's; Joel Keys, 
Assistant to the Rector, Christ 
Church;Harcourt Waller, Jr; Luis 
Leon, Assistant to the Rector of St. 
Peter's Church; Huntington 
Williams, Jr., Rector of St. Peter's 
Church; Walter Edwards, Vicar of 
All Saints' Church; Nicholson B. 
White, Associate Rector of Christ 
Church; Victor Frederiksen, 
Associate Rector of St. John's Church; 
Alwin Reiners, Jr., Rector of The 
Church of the Holy Comforter; Lynn 
Honeycutt, Curate, Church of the 
Holy Comforter. 

Dear Editor: 

It comes as a small shock to one who 
still prefers the 1928 Book of Common 
Prayer after much use of the new book 
to be reminded that our theologians are 
now going after the hymnal. 
The idea that the stirring old Hymn 536, 
"Turn back, O man." may be rejected, in 
part on grounds of sexism, makes me 
wonder if the man in the pew has any 
defense at all against a covey of learned 
revisionists. Their next target may be 
the four Gospels, so full of times when 
Jesus called himself the Son of man. 
The committee on Church Music 
declares that the generic use of the word 
"man" is a problem. I suggest the the 
Committee may be a greater problem. 

Bill Gorman 
High Point 



Page 4-The Communicant-December. 1978 



An Unconventional Convention? 



the printed word h 



By Jay Mallin, Editor 

It was said that when the apostles 
came to town there was a riot, and when 
bishops come to town today there is a 
tea party. A canard. It just looks like tea. 



And what happens when a diocesan 
convention of the Episcopal Church 
comes to town? Should it not be a 
notable raising of the religious and 
charitable temperature or atmosphere of 
both the area and the group? Could it 




sharing silently. 



By Susanne McWilliams 

(as told to the Rev. J. Barry Kramer) 

"/ don't know how much the children 
really understand. For example, we are 
combining all the children, both hearing 
and deaf, for a Christmas program, and 
we are teaching them to sing and sign at 
the same time. I am able to give the deaf 
students a 'sense' of the music fay 
teaching them rhythm; all the rest is pure 
memory work. It would be so much 
easier if they could associate words with 
a tune! 

And the biggest problem is translating 
some of the words- into signs, like 7 
'wish' something for another person 
requires an extra sentence to explain 
than in sign language. We don't have 
time for that in a song.!" 
. Having shared these thoughts, 
Susanne McWilliams, a teacher of deaf 
students at the Watts Elementary 
Schoor in Durham, gathered her little 
group together for a choral rendition of 
"Here Comes Santa Claus." "Blitzen" 
was a handshape 'B' descending like a 
bolt of lightening, and the stockings 
were physically "hung" in the air as the 
children sang along. "Sang" is the 



correct word, as all of the students are 
taught to use their voices at all times. 
Many people are surprised to learn that 
the old terms "Deaf-mute" and "Deaf and 
Dumb" are totally inaccurate! Most deaf 
people have good voices and can be 
taught to use them, hence they are not 
"mute." And, of course, they are not 
"Dumb." They are simply "hearing 
impaired," but just as intelligent as you 
and I. 

The children also shared their 
Halloween with us. I think it was Rodny 
who was Spiderman (the sign for spider 
is one hand over the other as you make 
a 'clutching' motion— like a spider 
crawling). Tanya knew how to say 'trick 
or treat', and also shared a nursery 
rhyme. "Jack be nimble, Jack be 
quick..." she signed. One could see that 
she understood fully what would happen 
to Jack if he didn't get over that 
candlestick fast enough! So goes a 
typical morning at Watts Elementary 
School! 

(Susanne is a member of St. Joseph's, 
Durham and also interprets the Service 
for members of Ephphatha Mission 
when the Missioner is in other areas.) 



Dear Editor: 

Bravo! I think it is a vast im- 
provement. Bon couragel 

Sincerely 
the Rev. Robert Gregg 

Dear Editor: 

St. Mary's Junior College in Raleigh 
receives official support from the 
Diocese of North Carolina and is 
proposed to receive the sum of $50,000 
from the current diocesan fund-raising 
campaign. Recently St. Mary's, through 
an intermediary, acquired a house and 
lot in Cameron Park, an older neigh- 
borhood undergoing revitalization that 
adjoins the St. Mary's campus on two 
sides. The house faced one of the most 
beautiful parks in Raleigh and was 
surrounded by handsome, substantial 
homes that had been or were being 
renovated. 

St. Mary's has now torn the house 
down and had announced that it intends 
to acquire the block in which it was 
located for future expansion. Despite 
vociferous protests by the vast majority 
of Cameron Park residents, St. Mary's 
has let it be known that it intends to 
pursue its policy of disrupting the 
Cameron Park neighborhood. 

As a priest of the Church and a 
resident of Cameron Park, I am deeply 
concerned both for the future of St. 
Mary's College and for the preservation 
of neighborhoods in our inner cities. I 
am aware that St. Mary's is only now 
emerging from difficult financial times, 
and I can only wonder at such 
allocations of the College's financial 
resources. I deeply resent St. Mary's 
policy toward my neighborhood and 



believe it to be highly inappropriate for a 
Church-related college, which one might 
expect to favor the preservation and 
growth of communities. I call upon the 
Trustees of St. Mary's College to change 
its policy toward Cameron Park im- 
mediately. In the event that they do not, 
I urge the next convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina to consider 
with great care whether the Church 
should be supporting any institution 
with an avowed policy of neighborhood 
destruction. 

Faithfully yours, 

the Rev. John N. Wall, Jr. 

Raleigh 

Dear Editor: 

While you are taking bows for the 
esthetic excellence of your newspaper, I 
hope you will also accept some con- 
structive criticism. Graphics and layout 
are not more important than content 
and fact. As I was appointed by our 
North Carolina group to write the article 
for the National Renewal Conference, I 
feel responsible that something of its 
true nature be reported. As fine as the 
"higher ups" you mentioned were, it was 
the Reverend John Guest and the 
Revereend Terry Fullum who gave life 
and vision to the Conference and 
provided hope for the Church. Time and 
the length of my article were both 
against us— to cut it would have been 
understood but to gut it rendered it 
lifeless. It is vital to get back to the 
reporters. 

We do have higher hopes for The 
Communicant- 
Best wishes, 
Mrs. Marguerite B. Joyner 
Raleigh 



not be the annual opportunity for 
education for and dedication to mission? 
Perhaps the presence and participation 
of some spiritual giant would lead us all 
deeper into the mystery of prayer? the 
power of the sacraments? the heights of 
meditation? the full stature of Christ? 
Ought it not be a definite demonstration 
of lengthening the cords and 
strengthening the stakes of charity? 
Might it not be a chance to show "how 
these Christians love one another" — 
especially the neediest of the needy? 

What really happens at a diocesan 
convention isn't sinful, except in so far 
as you accept the translation from the 
Greek that sin is "missing the mark." To 
have a dressy grand reception, a fashion 
show, some ad lib expensive eating and 
drinking isn't all bad. Wholesome fun is 
good; hospitality is a virtue; "making like 
Cana" is pretty close to one aspect of 
the Gospel. But it is missing the mark 
for a Church meeting. We are to seek 
first the Kingdom of God and then these 
things are to be added. Get the 
sequence? 

When the Church meets officially how 
does it appear to the eyes of the world? 



the eyes of God? 

What we would like to see in times 
when we are slashing budget con- 
tributions to good works and turning 
deaf ears to new appeals is that we have 
a dramatic participation in poverty. Why 
not a "starvation meal" — the profits to be 
assigned to local needs by Bishop 
Duncan, and the All Africa Appeal of 
the Presiding Bishop? Why not more 
emphasis upon the spiritual treasures of 
the Church? Why not a really smashing 
attendance at the Corporate Service? 
Why not make each morning mass a 
measure of growing love? increasing 
Christhood? 

But Conventions have to do with 
budgets and canon laws and statistics 
and programs. Yes, but the business of 
the Church isn't business. " Where your 
treasure is, there will your heart be also." 
If the treasure of the Church is Christ 
and none other, we serve him best in the 
hungry, naked, thirsty, sick, imprisoned. 
Then let us .show them, and ourselves, 
aqd the world, and Christ ;hat our 
hearts are in the right place. 

An unconventional convention can 
start to do it. 



books 



By Joanne Reiners 

GIVE BOOKS FOR CHRISTMAS! 
They are easy to wrap and mail; they 
don't need batteries, and they last a long 
time. Here are some old and new titles 
beginning with one suitable for even the 
smallest reader. 

The Talc of Peter Rabbit, by 
Beatrix Potter, continues to delight little 
children, for Potter takes her tales and 
her young readers seriously. An added 
joy of Potter's books is their size — they 
are easily held by tiny hands. 

For inquisitive 4's and 5's, Charlotte 
Zolotow's When the Wind Stops 
offers a dialogue between mother and 
child about where the sun goes when the 
day ends, where the wind goes when it 
stops, and where the waves go when 
they break on the sand. Its theme is that 
nothing really ends, only changes into 
the beginning of something else. 
When I Have A Little Girl, also by 
Charlotte Zolotow, introduces a little girl 
who tells us how the rules will be dif- 
ferent when she has her own daughter. 

Charlie the Tramp, by the 
Hobans, is a little beaver's whimsical 
answer to his grandfather's question: 
"What do you want to be when you grow 
up?" And Shel Silverstein, author of 
The Giving Tree, now invites his 
young readers to join him Where the 
Sidewalk Ends; "If you are a 
dreamer, a wisher, a liar, a hope-er, a 
pray-er, a magic bean-buyer, come in." 
In his collection of silly poems my 
favorites are "Ma and God" and "The 
Boa Constrictor." 

For 6's and 7's, Julia Cunningham's 
Maybe, a Mole tells the story of a 
courageous and loving animal who is 
different from the average mole; Maybe 
can see and thereby enriches the life of 
the forest. 

For 8's and 9's, Betsy Byars' The 
Midnight Fox is about a boy named 
Tom, and his heroic efforts to save the 
life of a black fox and her cub. 

Madeline L'Engle, a celebrated author 
of juvenile fiction, has a new book out 
called The Swiftly Turning Planet. 



which should be perfect for kids aged 10 
and older. The same age-group should 
enjoy The Dream Watcher, by 
Barbara Wersba, the story of one Albert 
Scully who is convinced he has "the soul 
of a rhinocerous". Quick studies of 
Albert's parents will both delight and 
appall the adult reader— so if you're 
trying to preserve you image as a 
perfect parent, leave this revealing story 
alone. 

Robert Cornier writes knowingly and 
realistically for early teens. His latest. 
The Chocolate War, is about a 
secret school society, and intimidating 
teacher, and a young man's refusal to be 
bullied. Betty Smith's A Tree Grows 
in Brooklyn seems to be enjoying 
something of a revival among young girls 
these days, along with another 'classic', 
Rebecca, by Daphne Du Maurier. " 




Some teenagers like James Thurber. 
though many have no idea who he was. 
If you're driving down the interstate to 
Grandmother's house for Christmas, 
take along a copy of My Life and 
Hard Times and take turns reading 
aloud "The Night the Bed Fell." You may 
find yourself pulling over to the side to 
dry your eyes. 

For children of all ages who believe in 
Santa Claus and The Gray Man, 
Gnomes will delight both your eye and 
your imagination. Happy reading and 
Merry Christmas. 

(Note: Many of these titles can be 
purchased at local bookstores, or 
through the EYC Book Nook at St. 
Stephen's, Oxford.) 

Joanne Reiners is a longtime 

booklover who manages the Intimate 
BookshopinCharhtte.NC. 



The Communicant-December. ]978Pa 



St. Luke's celebrates its 225th birthday 



By David Setzer 

SALISBURY— Decades of history 
surrounded the over 450 people who 
gathered for the 10 a.m. service at St. 
Luke's Church Sunday, October 29, to 
celebrate the 225th anniversary of the 
founding of the parish. 

Several former rectors and assistants, 
and the son of of a former rector par- 
ticipated in the service. 

The Very Reverend O'Kelley 
Whitaker, Dean of the Cathedral 
Church of St. Luke in Orlando, Florida, 
was the celebrant for the Eucharist. He 
was rector of St. Luke's from 1958-69. 

The Reverend Thorn W. Blair, Jr. 
preached the anniversary sermon. Mr. 
Blair, now the assistant to the rector of 
St. Stephen's Church in Richmond, Va. 
is the son of another former rector of St. 
Luke's, the Reverend Thorn Blair, Sr., 
now rector of Trinity Church, Boston. 
The Blairs were part of St. Luke's family 
1952-58. 

Also participating in the service were 
the Reverend Canon Edward Guerry, 
now retired and living in Charleston, 
S.C.; the Reverend Kenneth R. Terry of 
Eureka Springs, Ark.; and the Reverend 
Harvey G. Cook of Myrtle Beach, S.C. 

Father Guerry was rector at St. Luke's 
from 1939-42, before leaving for military 
service in World War II. Father Terry 
was assistant to the rector at St. Luke's 
from 1970-76 before becoming editor of 
the Episcopal Book Club in Arkansas. 
Father Cook was assistant to the rector 
during Father Whitaker's tenure at St. 
Luke's and is now rector of Trinity 
Church, Myrtle Beach, S.C. 

Hosting the event and the visiting 
clergy was the Reverend Uly H. Gooch, 



rector of St. Luke's since 1969, and 
chairman of the Diocesan Liturgical 
Commission. Also assisting in the 
service was Father Gooch's assistant, 
the Reverend Jack G. Flintom. 

The celebration and anniversary 
program planning was chaired by Mrs. 
Wilson Moser, one of the parish's most 
active women, who has served on the 
vestry and is a former senior warden. 
Mrs. Moser directed 75 people in the 
planning and execution of this special 
weekend in the life of St. Luke's. 

The celebration spread over two days. 
On Saturday evening, October 28, all 
members of the committes, their 
spouses, along with the visiting clergy 
and their spouses gathered for a party 
and dinner. The event was full of 
nostalgia, as old friends got back 
together for an evening of reminiscing. 

Following the anniversary service 
Sunday morning, the women of St. 
Luke's served a light luncheon in the 
Parish Hall. A special anniversary cake, 
topped by a model of the church 
complete with "stained glass" windows, 
made a dramatic centerpiece. 

The St. Luke's Choirs, under the 
direction of James Padgett, provided 
music for the service including an 
Anglican Chant setting of Psalm 84 by 
S.S. Wesley; Sir William Harris's- an- 
them "Behold, the Tabernacle of God;" 
"We Love the Place, O God" by Robert 
Powell; and Anthony Furnivall's 
arrangement of "Amazing Grace." The 
Handbell Choir played at the prelude. 

David Setzer is a member of St. Luke's 
Church, Salisbury, and works for 
Catawba College in public relations and 
graphic design. ■ ■ •'W 




From demon to deacon, 
He's young at 89 




The Rev. James A. Devries, Chaplain to 
the Elderly, in the Diocese of West Texas. 

"Well, I'm 89 and I have just as much 
a future right now as when I was 25. I'm 
a total person — part of the new 
generation — the third age," says Deacon 
Jim, as he likes to be called, although he 
is a priest. 

He is vivacious, political, and drives 
his own car as he travels the length and 
breadth of the 60-county diocese, 
wherever he is needed and invited. He is 
a sort of double-barreled missionary, 
working (1) to recruit volunteers to help 
the elderly in their homes and in nursing 
homes and (2) to develop brotherhood 
chapters of the Order of St. Andrew, a 
lay organization. 

A late comer to the religious life, Fr. 
Devries describes his earlier years as a 
prolonged period of wild, lascivious 
conduct and harrowing experiences 
more befitting a demon than a deacon. 
As a member of the Jubilee Flying 
Circus, he earned his living walking on 
the wing of an airplane in full flight, until 
one day he noticed that he was the only 
survivor of the original Circus. "This 



must have been the first indication that I 
was really being saved for something 
important,.... "he says. 

Fr. Devries was ordained at the age of 
84 after working 1 1 years as a volunteer 
with the diocese on the development of 
a nursing home ministry program. 

Presently he is working to get the 
parishes and missions of the diocese to 
take an interest in the spiritual guidance 
of the elderly. But he is faced with a 
problem — "The young people just are 
not interested in reaching the elderly, 
and it is also very hard to reach the shut- 
ins". 

"Churches are going all out on 
evangelizing the youth and everyone 
thinks that all the elderly people need is 
entertainment. That is a bunch of 
poppycock," according to Father 
Devries. "This is all a myth — a damning 
myth." 

His ministry plays an important role in 
hitting hard at the old age issue with a 
massive visitation program for nursing 
homes in San Antonio. "We visit about 
10 homes here and take a worship 
service with us — no sing-song stuff, no 
entertainment— just spiritual 

enlightenment." 

"Society should be using our old 
people. They're the greatest helpers, 
advisers and counselors. We don't retire 
from life — we just retire from one 
vocation to another." 

His is "a new generation with new 
challenges," as far as Deacon Jim is 
concerned; "the only way you can avoid 
getting old is to die young." 

This article is reprinted with the kind 
permission of the Episcopal Society for 
Ministry on Aging, from its 
publication. Aging Accent, in which it 
first appeared. 




Mrs. Margery Hunter, St. Luke's oldest active member, cuts the anniversary cake 
during the luncheon after the service celebrating the 225th anniversary of the parish. 

Bringing the Word to life 

By Judy Lane 

CHARLOTTE-"... We acknowledge 
and bewail our manifold sins and 
wickedness..." Confession? No — poetry, 
when Bob Seaver reads it aloud. 

Bob Seaver, a visiting instructor of lay 
reading at St. John's Church in 
Charlotte recently, doesn't just read a 
text. Rather he takes hold of its 
meaning, sifts it through his own per- 
sonality and background, energizes it 
with his mind and body, and serves forth 
a unique event. 

Robert Edwin Seaver, Professor of 
Speech and Drama at New York's 
Union Theological Seminary and 
President of the Christian Society for 
Drama, spent an event-filled weekend at 
St. John's, Charlotte, November 4 and 
5. He came to give two seminars for lay 
readers and others who have a reading 
role in the church. 

At Sunday's Adult Forum, Seaver 
read selections from Charles Williams' 
1936 play, Cranmer of Canterbury. 
With a voice ranging from a whisper to a 
shout, never overly dramatic but always 
wholly alive, he brought to life the man 
who was chiefly responsible for the 
extraordinary beauty of the Anglican 
liturgy and the Book of Common Prayer. 

His sermon, delivered at two of the 
Sunday worship services, was a reading 
of a familiar Bible text, Hebrews 11-13. 
As read by Bob Seaver, it was a stirring, 
vital call to faith. 

Calling Saturday's seminars for 
readers a "fellowship of suffering," Bob 
requested the 26 participants from four 
Charlotte churches to reveal themselves 
by allowing the group to criticize their 
reading style. He summed up by giving 
his own critique and instruction to each 
reader. 

In Seaver's view, church reading is 
generally dull — perhaps because when 
people enter "church space" they 
automatically adopt a pious tone of 
voice. Seaver argues that each reading 
should be a unique event, the blending 
of a unique text with a unique human 
being. 

And so Bob Seaver brought his own 
perceptive understanding of text and of 
human nature to this group of 26 
readers, encouraging one to let the 
twinkle in his personality come out as he 
reads, reminding another to show her 
friendliness, cajoling a woman to lower 
the pitch of her voice by shaking her fist 
and thinking lower, and reassuring a 
man that the "country" element in his 
. voice is part of him and need not be 
denied when reading. 



To continue the process of lay reader 
education begun at the seminars, Bob 
suggested there steps: (l)lay readers 
ought to meet together regularly to read 
and listen to each other; (2)lay readers 
ought to meet regularly with a priest or 
lay minister to study the Biblical texts 
they will read; and (3)if necessary, the 
church should bring in someone from 
the community with an understanding of 
voice and speech problems to help guide 
and criticize readers. 

As Professor of Speech and Drama at 
Union Theological Semionary, he guides 
his seminary students in their 
preparations to be communicators of 
the Word. He considers drama, along 
with other art forms, to be very im- 
portant in the life of the church, a way of 
knowing God, a medium for celebrating 
and communicating the Christian faith. 
According to Seaver, "Drama connects 
one with the interior life, with the un- 
conscious issues of religion." 

Although Bob has done a con- 
siderable amount of acting, especially in 
the early days of live television, he now 
considers himself primarily a director 
and has directed plays by Auden, Shaw, 
Pirandello, Socrates, and, Sartre, among 
others. ... 

He travels around the country as a 
drama and reading consultant, has been 
at Kanuga conferences a number of 
times, and helped establish the Christian 
Drama Group in Spartanburg, where he 
has directed a number of plays. He has 
been a Visiting Professor of Speech at 
Generl Theological Seminary, the 
Episcopal seminary in New York City, 
and at John Jay College of Criminal 
Justice, also in New York. 

Judy Lane is a member of St. John's 
Church, Charlotte, and the editor of the 
church newsletter. 



Page 6 The Communicant-December. 1978 



Focus on Youth 



Vision gives birth . . . 



By the Rev. William H. Hinson 

At a planning conference at the 
Terraces in late September, the staff for 
the upcoming fall Youth Conference has 
assembled. We begin by sharing our 
dreams for a Diocesan Youth program. 
We see the customary retreats and 
conferences, but our collective vision 
goes deeper, encompassing youth/adult 
teams at work in local parishes, young 
people helping each other to grow and 
helping the body of Christ to grow in 
themselves, in others and in their 
churches. We need people with gifts and 
committment, vision and leadership — 
people who can walk through their fears 
to struggle with God's call to be human 
in a world uncertain at best. 

The first step? Find 14 young people 
who reflect the needs and gifts of the 
youth of our Diocese, 14 people to join 
with 7 adults to form the Diocesan 
Youth Commission. We hope to find 
them at the fall Youth Conference, 
where we plan to share our vision, give it 
away, and wait to see what happens. 
We create a structure which will en- 
courage needs, gifts and leadership to 
surface, hoping that out of that process 
the youth will find 14 people who can 
lead, nourish and support their ministry. 

On Friday, October 20, at the Betsy- 
' Jeff Penn Conference Center in 
Reidsville, the fall Youth Conference 
begins. The staff is nervous, the 
dynamics incredible, as we gather for 
the first time in a large room and sing 
together. 

The Rev. Ralph Byrd, Diocesan 
Coordinator of Youth Ministries, speaks 
of the seriousness of this venture. What 
we do this weekend will influence our life 
in this Diocese for good or ill. We are to 
commission a group who will lead, 
nurture and support the Youth Program. 

I find myself listening carefully to the 
people around me, looking for some 
indicaiton of how this is going over with 
the group. One person is cyncical— he 
came to sneak around and fall in love. 
Several others have already been 
politicking well before they got here. But 
most of us this night are responding to 

ECWtohold 
worship retreat 



the sincerity in Ralph's voice, sobered by 
the realization that in less than two days 
we must give birth to something called 
the Diocesan Youth Commission. 

Friday night is rah-rah time — ice 
breakers. "Who are you?" "Can I touch 
you?" "Who can I trust?" "Is that girl 
from Raleigh here?" "Will someone like 
me?" "Will I really be able to talk to 
people?" "Is this going to be any fun?" 
"Who is in charge?" The staff has sought 
ways to bring these questions to the 
surface, where they can be shared, and 
perhaps answered. The nervousness 
departs; the retreat begins. 

On Saturday we divide up into smaller 
reflection groups, and push ourselves 
into experiences which are designed to 
illuminate words like "care", "respon- 
sibility", and "risk". And we try to relax 
with ourselves. Some can't do it. It's 
hard to be with myself — easier to laugh 
and cut up and hear who I am from 
others, harder to hear who I am from 
within me. 

Sunday morning brings the election. 
One girl announces that she didn't come 
to be elected, she came to vote. I ask 
one nominee if he will vote for himself. 
"Of course," he answers without a 
moment's hesitation; "I want to give to 
this group." And suddenly it is done. 

With serious excitement the new 
Diocesan Youth Commission stands 
before us. We who have brought forth 
the group that will lead, nourish and 
support the youth program now 
celebrate the Eucharist where death and 
new life mingle in bread and wine. 

The Youth Commission meets for ten 
minutes. We look at each other and 
wonder. We see it finally real, packed 
with talent and potential, alive. 

We resist leaving; birth and death are 
unwilling companions. Parents and 
drivers watch the hugs and tears. The 
fall Youth Conference is over. The 
Diocesan Youth Commission has 
begun. 



The Rev. William H. Hinson is an 
assistant to the rector at St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem. 



The 1979 Diocesan Worship Retreat 
of the Episcopal Churchwomen will be 
held on February 20-22 at The Terraces 
in Southern Pines. Under the direction 
of the Rev. William L. Dols, Jr., Rector 
of Immanuel Church-On-The-Hill in 
Alexandria, Virginia, participants will 
use Bible study, prayer, meditation, 
journal-writing and discussion to explore 
"Our Many Splendoured Selves". 

"The purpose of this retreat," Mr. Dols 
explains, "is to see ourselves more 
clearly reflected in the biblical drama. 
Our lives are splendid in many ways we 
often miss — ways which may be 



discovered when we read the Bible as a 
mirror." 

A graduate of the Virginia Theological 
Seminary, Mr. Dols has served churches 
in the dioceses of Maryland, East 
Carolina and Virginia in his twenty years 
as a parish priest. A three-time delegate 
to General Convention, Mr. Dols is 
presently a member of the Board of 
Trustees of. the Virginia Theological 
Seminary. 

For further information please 
complete the attached form and mail to 
Mrs. John W.S. Davis, 384 Bellwood 
Drive, Henderson, NC 27536. 



REGISTRATION: 1978 Worship Retreat of Episcopal Churchwomen 

February 20— 22 

Send to Mrs. John W.S. Davis 

384 Bellwood Drive 

Henderson, NC 27536 



Registration of $25 to be paid on arrival 
Name 



Address _ 
Phone _ 
Date 




Youth entertain at fall Youth Conference with an imaginative charade entitled "Neo- 



gothic cathedral with flying buttresses". 



...to reality 



Youth swing into action 



By Anne Pearson 

On November 3, the newly-elected 
Diocesan Youth Commission gathered 
for a Leadership Training Conference at 
the Terraces in Southern Pines. We 
came together so that we could get to 
know each other, learn to work together 
effectively, and make some basic 
decisions about the nature of the Youth 
Program for the coming months. 

Seven adults and fourteen young 
people met for the first time as a group 
that evening, and we brought to that 




John Tol Broome. Jr., a member of Holy 
Trinity Church. Greensboro, is the new Youth 
Representative on the Diocesan Council. 

meeting all our apprehensions, hopes, 
fears and wonder about what was to 
take place. During the next two days we 
became a working community ready to 
take on any task assigned to us. As a 
group we played games and participated 
in exercises to explore the talents we 



might have to offer to the larger com- 
munity of youth throughout the Diocese. 
We became more aware of the gifts we 
ourselves possessed as well as the gifts 
of others in the group. 

As the weekend progressed, we grew 
closer to one another, and at the end of 
the weekend we could hardly believe we 
had become as one so quickly.lt could 
only have happened through the unique 
combination of caring and craziness and 
just plain love which was constantly 
being expressed. 

Through the work and "upport of the 
Commission much can be accomplished 
for the youth of the Diocese. We look 
forward to our job of planning and 
leading some exciting educational 
programs. 

Serving on the Diocesan Youth 
Commission are: Anne Pearson, Al 
Purrington, III, G. Tol Broome, Astrid 
George, Annie Hager, Steve Miller, Sally 
Hill and the Rev. Ralph Byrd. 

Also serving are Susan Smith. David 
Minter, Patricia Daniel, Norman George. 
Rita Treanor, the Rev. William Hinson, 
Robbie Robinson and Catherine 
Thomas. 

Also Robbie Hubbard, Rick Murray. 
Barbara Prongay, Peter Raoul, Phil 
Palmer and Susan Bailey. 

Anne Pearson is a member of the Youth 
Commission and attends St. Michael's 
Church in Raleigh. 



Ode to bulk rate 



There are lots of ways to com- 
municate, 

A glance, a speech, or white smoke. 
In this year of Grace, most often it's 
paper, 

But at fifteen cents per you go broke. 
So we sent off the forms 
To attest we're non-profit. 
The Post Office people said "yes, 
You've convinced us your're not neo- 
Nazis 

...or Moonies, or people plotting the 
overthrow 

Of the United States Government in 
direct violation 
Of Section 237, Article 8, 
paragraph 2348B 
As amended." 



To get back on the track, 
I would sy that we're grateful. 
We'll add lots of folks to our list. 
Newcomers, new children. 
But mostly new students 
Who only now know we exist. 

From now on you'll hear from us. 

barring objections. 

We'll send out these notes by the 

spate 

To all of the folks who give life to St. 

Anne's 

By the Mercy of God and Bulk Rate. 

(attributed to St. Ridicula of Lizzard 
Lick) 

from the Annals of St. Anne 
Winston-Sale m 

The Communicant-Dec embi 



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ajitym jpiu Aq ojoljcJ 




f3 S 5= O 



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The COMMUNICANT 



Serving the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 




Volume 69, Number 1 January 1979 



It's Convention time again 
Delegates plan strategies 



Campaign nears $1 million 



RALEIGH— The $2 Million Campaign 
has almost reached the half-way mark, 
according to a report issued in early 
January by the Diocesan Campaign 
Office. 

By January 10, individual donations 
and pledges, together with 
congregational goals, totaled well over 
$900,000— an increase of nearly 
$200,000 over the December total. This 
makes the third straight month that the 
campaign has posted increases of 
$200,000 or more since active 
solicitation began at convocational 
meetings in mid-September. 

"Judging from the response to date, 
we have every reason to believe that the 
congregations of the Diocese intend to 
meet the goal of this Campaign for 
which they confidently voted at the 
1978 Convention," the report states. 

In early January, official campaign 
pledge cards were mailed to all rectors, 
vicars, and senior wardens of vacant 
cures. The Campaign Office has ex- 
pressed the hope that each congregation 
will make its pledge to the Campaign at 
the Convention Eucharist Friday af- 
ternoon, on the first day of the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention in Raleigh. 

The $2 Million Campaign will be the 
subject of a major hearing later that 
same day at which the Financial 

Council talks $$$ 

RALEIGH— As a result of action 
taken at the January meeting of the 
Diocesan Council, the Finance 
Department will submit a revised 
Church's Program Budget totalling 
$620,492 for approval by the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention at its meeting in 
Raleigh later this month. 

The new figures show a decrease of 
$15,378 in the budget originally adopted 
by the council at its September meeting. 
Members of the Department of Finance 
explained that the budget was revised in 
order to bring it in line with churches' 
acceptance of program quotas for 1979. 

In other matters, council members 
unanimously re-elected Michael 
Schenck, III, Business Manager for the 
Diocese, to the posts of Treasurer, 
Registrar, and Secretary of Council. 



Campaign Committee will answer 
questions about allocation of money 
pledged thus far and the future of the 
Campaign based upon results of the 
convention tally of Campaign pledges. 

According to the January report, the 
Campain Office "hopes that the 
Campaign Committee will have the 
ability to determine what the actual 
allocations for various projects will be 
following the eucharist." 

Authorized one year ago last January 
by the 162nd Diocesan Convention, the 
Campaign represents the committment 
of the churches of the Diocese to raise 
$1.4 for the construction of a Camp and 
Conference Center on diocesan-owned 
property just north of Greensboro, and 
$600,000 for the Diocese's Venture in 
Mission. 



RALEIGH— Special hearings on the 
election of a bishop coadjutor and the 
$2 Million Financial Campaign are 
expected to dominate the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention which meets in 
Raleigh January 27 and 28. 

Some 400 clergy and lay delegates 
representing 98 churches and organized 
missions of the diocese will gather in 
Raleigh's brand new Civic Center for the 
one and a half day session which is 
scheduled to begin with the sound of the 
Bishop's gavel at approximately 10 
o'clock Friday morning. 

In an unusual departure from normal 
practice, the Committee on the Bishop's 
Address will hold an open hearing 
Friday evening in order to provide every 
delegate with an opportunity to ask 
questions or make suggestions 
regarding the election of a bishop 
coadjutor for the Diocese. 

The Chancellor of the Diocese, the 
Parliamentarian, and the Chairman of 
last convention's Committee on the 
Election of a Bishop Coadjutor will be 
available at the hearing to answer any 
question regarding canonical procedure. 

Bishop Fraser, who first called for the 
election of a bishop coadjutor two years 
ago at the 161st Convention, explained 
recently that "I would hope that in 1979 
we will have a special convention for the 
election of a coadjutor for this diocese." 

The scheduled hearing marks the first 
concrete step toward that goal since the 
162nd Convention, meeting in 
reconvened session last May, 
deadlocked after nine ballots and failed 
to elect. 

Also on the convention agenda are 
hearings on the Diocesan Campaign 
(see related story this page), and 
resolutions submitted to the convention. 

Of the two resolutions submitted 
before the start of the convention, one 



by J. Emmett Sebrell, delegate from 
Christ Church. Charlotte, seeks to 
provide for continued use of the 1928 
book past 1979 as an authorized 
alternative to the Proposed Book of 
Common Prayer. 

The remaining resolution, submitted 
by the Ven. Robert M. Davis, calls for 
the establishment of a committee to 
"study the relationship of small 
congregations to the Diocese and to one 
another, and to report back to the 
164th Convention with their recom- 
mendations." 

In addition to elections to the 
Standing Committee and the Diocesan 
Council, convention delegates will also 
be asked to elect one diocesan trustee 
for the University of the South (one lay 
person) and ten members of the Board 
of Directors for the Episcopal Home for 
the Ageing. 

Pre-convention nominees received for 
the Board of Directors of the Episcopal 
Home for the Ageing are: John Harden, 
St. Andrew's, Greensboro; W. Clary 
Holt. Holy Comforter, Burlington; Laura 
L. Hooper, St. Stephen's, Winston- 
Salem; The Rev. I. Mayo Little, Calvary 
Episcopal Church, Tarboro; Thomas R. 
Payne, St. Martin's, Charlotte; Blanche 
Robertson, St. Luke's, Salisbury; Mrs. 
Eugene Scott. Emmanuel; Charles M. 
Shaffer. Chapel of the Cross. Chapel 
Hill; Lewis S. Thorp, Good Shepherd. 
Rocky Mount; Philip Russell. Holy 
Trinity. Greensboro; and Roland J. 
Whitmire. Jr., Church of the Messiah, 
Rockingham. 

Pre-convention nominees received for 
trustee of the University of the South 
are: Edward McCrady. St. Francis', 
Greensboro; Fred N. Mitchell, Jr., St. 
Martin's. Charlotte; and Samuel R. 
Williamson. Holy Family, Chapel Hill. 



Medical team goes to Haiti in March 



CHARLOTTE— As of January 12, 
the $2 Million Campaign has received 
over $900,000 in goals. And forty 
doctors. 

That's the number of medical per- 
sonnel who have expressed interest in 
travelling to Haiti at their own expense 
in order to participate in the Venture in 
Mission Committee's planned medical 
mission there. 

First announced early last November, 
the mission will utilize teams of doctors 
and nurses from North Carolina working 
under the direction of Haitian health 
care professionals to provide expanded 
health services to the Haitian people. 

Although the project was announced 
just two months ago. White has been 
very encouraged by the response to 
date. "It has been an exciting thing to see 
so many busy professional men and 
women who are willing and anxious to 
give some of their time and talents in 
service to some of God's people in 
Haiti," he noted. 

The project also has the support of 
North Carolina Bishop Thomas Fraser, 
and Haitian Bishop Luc Gamier. 

Bishop Fraser will accompany the first 
medical mission, scheduled to arrive in 
Leogane, Haiti, on March 9. Dr. and 
Mrs. Perry B. Hudson of Grace Church, 



Lexington, Dr. Harriman H. Jett of 
Christ Church, Charlotte, and Paul 
Woodward, also of Charlotte, will make 
up the first team, which will work out of 
the Hospital St. Croix in Leogane for 
eight days before returning to the U.S. 
on March 18. 

Drs. Hudson and Jett are general 
surgeons, Mrs. Hudson is an R.N., and 
Paul Woodward a first-year resident. 
The team will work under the direction 
of Haitian staff to supplement the 
hospital's surgical service. 

Another mission scheduled for April 
will be led by Dr. James F. Alexander of 
Christ Church, Charlotte, and staffed by 
Dr. James B. Greenwood of St. Mar- 
tin's, Charlotte, and Dr. Frederick 
Richards, St. Timothy's, Winston- 
Salem. Dr. Alexander is an internist who 
has been instrumental in establishing 
this mission program; Dr. Richards is a 
hematologist at Bowman-Gray Medicai 
School, and Dr. Greenwood is currently 
in family practice. 

The April mission will travel to Haiti 
right after Easter, to conduct a 
hypertension detection and treatment 
program at the diocesan-supported 
clinic in Montrouis. The team will also 
teach a group of Haitian priests (in- 
cluding Bishop Gamier) and layreaders 



in the detection and treatment of 
hypertension, one of the leading causes 
of death in Haith. 

In addition. 23 young people and 
adults from Christ Church! Charlotte, 
will travel to Montrouis in June to work 
under the direction of the Rev. Nick 
White, repairing and rebuilding the 
diocesan training center and seminary 
there. Plans for other missions are now 
being discussed. 

Speaking before the January meeting 
of the Diocesan Council, Bishop Fraser 
termed the project "one of the real thrills 
of our Diocesan Campaign", and ex 
pressed the hope that similar people-to- 
people projects will be started in the 
coming months. 

"This is one of the non-monetary 
expressions of our Venture in Mission." 
Bishop Fraser pointed out. "People from 
this diocese are going directly to the 
people of the diocese of Haiti to help 
with a real job— and I think it's ab- 
solutely super." 

People wishing further information 
about medical missions now being 
planned for the rest of 1979 may 
contact the Rev. .N. B. White, Christ 
Church, P.O. Box 6124, Charlotte, 
N.C. 28207. 



Bishop Burgess ordains Curry to the Priesthood 



PffF 



■; 



Deacons prepare o> 




churchwomen prepare 






By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

WINSTON-SALEM-Friends, family 
and clergy from the four points of the 
compass gathered at St. Stephen's in 
Winston-Salem on Saturday, December 
9, for the ordination of the Rev. Michael 
B. Curry to the priesthood. Curry, a 
native of Buffalo, NY, has been Deacon- 
in-Charge of St. Stephen's since early 
July. 

Wet winter weather proved no match 
for the high spirits of a crowd of well- 
wishers from all parts of the diocese and 
six states beyond, as the congregation 
swelled to twice normal size for the 
celebration of this high point in the life of 
the Church. 

Presenting Curry for ordination were 
his father, the Rev. Kenneth S. Curry, 
Vicar of St. Barnabas, Buffalo, NY, and 
his sister, Ms. Sharon Curry, who is a 
member of St. Phillip's, also of Buffalo. 

The Rt. Rev. John Melville Burgess, 
retired Bishop of Massachusetts, or- 
dained Curry on behalf of the Rt. Rev. 
Harold Barrett Robinson, Bishop of 
Wester New York. Burgess, who was 
the first black Episcopal priest to be 
elected diocesan bishop, is now 
Professor of Ministry at Yale Divinity 
School in New Haven, Conn. 

After charging the ordinand "to aim at 
righteousness, godliness, and gen- 
tleness," the Rev. Michael Marrett, 



preacher for the service, gave voice to 
the mood of the congregation when he 
called attention to "this great day in the 
life of this diocese." 

Marrett, Rector of St. Luke's, New 
Haven, at which Curry had served as a 
seminarian assistant while at Yale, 
explained that, "in this day and age, 
when there are so few vocations to the 
sacred ministry among blacks, it is a joy 
to me personally to welcome a young 
man of the caliber of Michael Bruce 
Curry into the ministry of the Church." 

Marrett concluded by urging all 
present to "open our hearts and arms 
and shower him with our love, our 
prayers, and our help." 

The Rev. Lloyd A. Lewis, Instructor of 
New Testament at Virginia Theological 
Seminary, served as master of 
ceremonies and the Rev. E. Don Taylor, 
Rector of Holy Comforter, Atlanta, as 
the gospeler. 

The Rev. John R. Campbell, Rector of 
St. Timothy's, Winston-Salem, was the 





litanist, and the Rev. Charles L. Smith, 
Vicar of Epiphany, Rocky Mount, served 
as the bishop's chaplain. 

After the service concluded with a 
eucharist, the celebration continued at a 
reception given in the parish hall by the 
Episcopal Churchwomen of St. 
Stephen's. 

Curry, a native of Buffalo, N. Y., 
received his undergraduate degree from 
Hobart College, the oldest Episcopal 
college in the United States, and his 
Masters of Divinity from Yale Divinity 
School. 




They trekked the halls 
with 'wows!'& 'gollies!' 

Bright and early on the morning of December 20, twenty 
members of the Junior Choir of the Chapel of the Cross 
traveled from Chapel Hill to Durham to share some of their 
Christmas cheer with the residents of the Hillcrest Nursing 
Home. 

Dressed in their red and white choir robes, the children 
went from room to room singing Christmas carols to the 
accompaniment of recorders played by several members of 
the Senior Choir. 

After caroling their way through the halls and lobby, the 
children gathered with many of the residents in the chapel, 
where the Rev. Peter James Lee and the Rev. Charles Cook 
celebrated the eucharist. 

When the singing was over, the children shook off their 
robes and visited with the residents. They made new friends 
and found some old ones, and when it was over it was hard 
to say just who had had the most fun. 



Page2-The Communicant-January, 1979 



The Annual Report 

1979 



Program Budget 



Disbursements: 



1 National Church Program $ 209,837 

2 Province of Sewanee 

Mission Strategy 

3 Assistance— Mission Churches . . . 

4 Christ the King Center 

5 Deaf Congregations 

6 Program Planning 

7 Duke University Medical Center . . . 

8 College Chaplains' Salary 

Housing and Pension 

9 College Chaplains' 

Discretionary Funds 

10 College Chaplains' Program Funds . 

1 1 College Chaplains' Secretary 

and Office Expense 

12 College Chaplains' 

Student Center Operation .... 

13 N.C. Central University 

14 North Carolina A&T 

15 Grant-in-Aid to 

Chapel of the Cross 

Christian Social Ministries 

16 Director's Salary 

17 Director's Housing 

18 Director's Utilities 

19 Director's Travel 

20 Program Funds 

21 Appalachian People's Service 

Organization (APSO) 

Youth 

22 Director's Salary 

23 Director's Housing 

24 Director's Utilities 

25 Director's Travel 

26 Program Funds 

Communications 

27 Press Officer's Salary 

28 Travel Expense 

29 Publication Expense of 
The Communicant 

Ecumenical Relations 

30 N.C. Council of Churches. 

31 Committee Expense 

32 The Terraces 

33 Stewardship 

34 Every Member Canvass 

35 Liturgy and Worship 

36 Christian Education & Training . 

37 Evangelism and Renewal 

38 Overseas Missions 

39 Camp and Conference Center . . . 

Miscellaneous 

40 Secretarial Support 

41 Property Maintenance 

42 Moving Clergy 

43 Pensions and Social Security .... 

44 Miscellaneous Committee Expense 

45 Contingent Fund 

TOTAL BUDGET 

Receipts: 

46 Quotas 

47 Trust Funds 

48 Church's Program Surplus 

49 Church's Program Reserve 

Fund Income 

-^ TOTAL INCOME $597,277 



Budgeted 
1978 


Proposed 
1979 


Revised 
1979 


$ 209,837 
2,322 


$ 215,247 
2,500 


$ 215,247 
2,322 


56,411 
27,786 
24,052 
400 
14,000 


60,800 
29,286 
24,972 
4,000 
14,000 


55,800 
29,286 
24,972 
4,000 
14,000 


63,877 


66,130 


60,630 


2,600 
4,500 


2,000 
5,000 


1,800 
5,000 


8,097 


9,654 


9,654 


6,140 
3,000 
-0- 


6,961 
3,000 
2,000 


6,961 
3,000 
-0- 


20,000 


15,000 


15,000 


16,000 
3,140 
1,507 
4,500 
6,000 


17,395 
3,414 
1,638 
4,500 
8,550 


17,395 
3,414 
1,638 
4,500 
8,550 


3,000 


3,000 


2,000 


14,000 
3,000 
1,200 
3,000 
3,500 


14,923 
3,198 
1,279 
3,000 
7,000 


14,923 
3,198 
1,279 
3,000 
7,000 


12,266 
-0- 


12,500 
3,000 


12,500 
3,000 


18,000 


21,960 


21,960 


4,700 
1,000 


4,700 
1,000 


4,700 
1,000 


7,500 
-0=- 
1,600 
5,000 
4,500 
3,400 
725 
-0— 


7,500 
500 
1,600 
3,565 
8,530 
-0- 
-0- 
6,000 


7,500 
-0- 
1,600 
3,565 
8,530 
-0- 

5,000 


17,000 
2,500 
4,000 
9,917 
800 
2.500 


14,200 
3,000 
5,000 
9,568 
800 
4.000 


14,200 
3,000 
5,000 
9,568 
800 
4.000 


$597,277 


$635,870 


$620,492 


552,497 
13,400 
7,084 


$631,370 
4,500 
-0- 


$592,039 
4,500 
8,756 


24.296 


-0- 


15.197 



$635,870 $620,492 




Maintenance Budget 



Disbursements: 



Budgeted Proposed 

1978 1979 
Bishop 

1 Salary $ 34,000 $ 36,750 

2 Housing 4,800 5,000 

3 Utilities 2,200 2,400 

4 Travel Expense 6,500 6,500 

5 Episcopal Assistance 4,000 9,000 

Bishop Coadjutor 

6 Salary 10,420 -0- 

7 Housing 1,667 — 0— 

8 Utilities 833 — 0— 

9 Travel Expense 2,083 — 0— 

Business Administrator 

10 Salary 23,500 25,500 

11 Travel Expense 3,750 3,750 

Secretary of the Diocese 

12 Salary.../. 2,356 2,500 

13 Clerical and Office Expense 1,650 1,650 

Archdeacon and Canon to the 
Ordinary 

14 Salary 16,752 18,146 

15 Housing 3,297 3,571 

16 Utilities 1,582 1,714 

17 TravelExpense 4,500 4,500 

Conventions 

18 Diocesan Journal Expense 5,000 5,000 

19 Parish Expense 1,000 1000 

20 Diocese Expense 350 350 

21 Assessment of General Convention 12,775 12,870 

22 General Convention Delegate Expense . . . 3,500 4,000 

Diocesan House 

23 Secretarial Support 26,759 29,950 

24 Insurance 927 950 

25 Utilities and Maintenance 14,400 15,300 

26 Telephone and Telegraph 10,200 12,000 

27 Office Supplies and Postage 11,400 12,000 

28 Equipment Replacement and Repair 3,000 3,000 

Insurance 

29 Workmen's Compensation 250 260 

30 Fire and Liability— Other Property 2,450 2,800 

31 SuretyBond 1,026 1,026 

32 Clergy Pension Premiums 14,803 13,278 

33 Lay Employees Pension and 

Social Security 9,147 11,290 

34 Life and Medical Insurance 22,346 25,227 

Miscellaneous 

35 Commission on Ministry 3,000 3,000 

36 Standing Committee 800 800 

37 Diocesan Council 750 800 

38 Convocation Deans 300 600 

39 Special Grant 1,500 1,800 

40 Audit 3,910 3,900 

41 Contingent Fund 2.500 2.500 

TOTAL BUDGET $275,983 $284,682 

Receipts: 

42 Assessments $260,683 $268,982 

43 Trust Funds 12,300 12,500 

46 Interest 3,000 3,200 

TOTAL INCOME $275,983 $284,682 s 



The Communicant-January. 1979-Page 3 



Administration 



Chancellor 



Standing Committee 



A summary of actions taken by the 
Standing Committee in nine meetings, 
January through November, 1978, 
follows: 

(1) Consented to seven episcopal 
elections: a Bishop Coadjutor each for 
Southeast Florida and for California: 
two Suffragan Bishops each for 
Connecticut and for Central and South 
Mexico; a Suffragan Bishop for New 
York. 

(2) Consented to three con 
secrations: The Rev, Hugo Luis Pina, 
Bishop of Honduras; The Rev. John L. 
Thompson, Jr., Bishop Coadjutor of 
Northern California; and The Reverend 
Leigh A. Wallace, Bishop of Spokane. 

(3) Consented and advised the 
Bishop to give his written consent to: 
the sale of two vacant lots by St. 



Paul's, Monroe; the sale of an apart- 
ment building by Holy Family, Chapel 
Hill; the grant of an easement by St. 
Christopher's, High Point; the 
demolition of a former rectory by All 
Saints', Hamlet; the sale of its rectory 
by St. Timothy's, Wilson; a quitclaim 
to St. Augustine's College to cure a 
title defect; the sale of a house by 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh; the sale of 
part of its parking lot by St. Peter's, 
Charlotte; the sale of a house by St. 
Matthew's, Hillsborough; the sale of its 
rectory by St. John's. Charlotte; the 
grant of a highway easement by 
Thompson Orphanage; the sale of its 
rectory by Good Shepherd, Rocky 
Mount; the sale of the former rectory 
in Durham of the Missionary to the 
Deaf; the sale of a vacant lot by Christ 
Church. Raleigh: the sale of its rectory 
to its minister by St. Mark's. Raleigh; 
(4) Advised the Bishop: (a) To hold 
the 163rd Annual Convention in 



Raleigh (b) In regard to Coalition for 
Human Needs grant applications: Not 
to consent to grant to North Carolina 
Black Women's Political Caucus; to 
consent to grant to Haliwa Indian 
Tribe, Inc.: and to consent to grant to 
Rural Advancement Fund. 

(5) Recommended ordinations to the 
Bishop: Michael A. Bullock to be 
ordained Deacon, Peter W. Hawes to 
be ordained Deacon, The Rev. Robert 
H. Malm to be ordained Priest, The 
Rev. Luis Leon to be ordained Priest, 
The Rev. Michael A. Bullock to be 
ordained Priest. 

(6) Conducted the canonically 
required annual survey of parishes and 
missions, and took appropriate and 
necessary actions thereon. 

(7) Acted as a Council of Advice to 
the Bishop at his request on five 
occasions. 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 



Pension Fund 



During 1978 benefits paid by the 
Church Pension Fund increased 4.9 
percent over the previous year. On a 
church-wide basis, annual benefits 
being paid by the Fund are as follows: 

Grants in force during 1978 for the 
Diocese of North Carolina, as reported 
by the Church Pension Fund, are as 
follows: 



Retired Clergy 


$1,946 
280 
1,720 
360 


$7,939,608 


Widows 

Children 


3.672.444 
230,184 


Total 


$4,306 





Grants in force during 1978 for the 
Diocese of North Carolina as reported 
by the Church Pension Fund are as 
follows: 



$80,480.40 
49,322.40 
1.80840 



Financially, the fiscal year which 
ended June 30, 1978, was a relatively 
successful one for the Fund. Assets 
increased 9 percent (or $31 million) 
compared to the previous year; and, 
additionally, unfunded liability (or the 
amount of resources lacking to meet 
future benefit obligation) decreased by 
$10 million— a further indication of the 
financial soundness of the Church 
Pension Fund. 

Combined income of the Fund's 
affiliated companies — The Church 
Hymnal Corporation. Church Life 
Insurance Corporation, and the Church 
Insurance Company — increased during 
the year. Church Hymnal continued to 
expand its publications operation, and 
the insurance companies paid cash 
dividends to the Fund of nearly 
$500,000. 

The 162nd Convention of the 
Diocese referred to this committee a 
resolution concerning a change in the 
rules of the Church Pension Fund for 
deposed clergy. While this committee 
was unable to obtain the present 
number of clergy this resolution would 
affect, or predict the number of clergy 
this resolution could affect in the 



future, a cursory estimate indicated 
that the proposed changes would be 
very expensive and would have 
considerable effect on the present 
assets of the Fund. Such a proposed 
change could also have an effect on 
the present rate of pension 
assessments. The Committee also 
noted that the present ten-year vesting 
period of the Fund is consistent with 
other pension plans and considerably 
better that the guidelines of the 
Employee Retirement Income Security 
Act. As a result, the Committee would 
not recommend the adoption of this 
resolutionrecommending to the 
Trustess of the Church Pension Fund 
that they change their rules regarding 
the benefits of deposed clergy, their 
spouses and children. 

The Church Pension Fund Com- 
mittee wishes to remind all persons 
responsible for the payment of Pension 
Fund assessments that in addition to 
being required by Canon, regular 
payments are a matter of grave im- 
portance in protecting the retirement 
benefits of clergymen, and it is 
essential that these payments be made 
promptly. 

John B. London 



The Chancellor of the Diocese, since 
January I, 1978, has rendered various 
legal opinions, including advice con- 
cerning: 

(1) The expulsion of Church 
members; 

(2) The powers of vestries; 

(3) The proper delegates to attend 
an adjourned convention; 

(4) Taxation of Church property; 

(5) Action necessary to authorize 
sale of Mission property by Trustees of 
the Diocese; 

(6) Title of an assistant to the Rector 
of a Parish; and 

(7) Continuing validity of consents 
received for election of a Bishop 
Coadjutor. 

A. L. Purrington, Jr. 



Trustees 



The Trustees of the Diocese of 
North Carolina report the following 
actions during the year 1978: 

(1) Received $778.28. additional 
proceeds of condemnation of 
Thompson Orphanage lands by the 
Board of Transportation. 

(2) Appealed to Court of Appeals 
judgment denying Thompson Or 
phanage recovery of proceeds of 
condemnation of Charlotte Parks and 
Recreation Commission property, 
which reverts to the Orphanage if not 
used for parks and recreational pur 
poses. 

(3) Received $975.70 interest on an 
escrow deposit made in connection 
with sale of Orphanage property to 
State Employees Credit Union. 

(4) Granted an easement to High 
Point over 550.247 square feet of St. 
Christopher's Mission property. 

(5) Executed a deed without con 
sideration to St. Augustine's College, 
in order to assist in curing a title defect 
to the former Tuttle Community 
Center property owned by the college. 

(6) Leased for one year at $200 per 
month the parish hall of All Saints' 
Church. Warrenton. to Mental Health 
Program of Vance. Warren, and 
Franklin Counties. 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 



Diocesan Council 



Since the 1978 Diocesan Convention, 
the Diocesan Council met six times at 
the Diocesan House. Raleigh. North 
Carolina. The following is a summary 
of these meetings. 

March 3. 1978-Established the 
various program committees of the 
Council for 1978; elected Mr. Edgar P. 
Roberts to a three year term on the 
Investment Committee; elected 
delegates to the 1978 Provincial Synod; 
adopted a $3,900 operating budget for 
the Camp and Conference Center 
property; received a report from the St. 
Mary's Chapel. Orange County, 
Historic Preservation Committee; 
discussed at length the Convention's 
approval of a capital funds drive and 
decided to have a special meeting of 
the Council for further discussion of 
this matter; and requested the Bishop 
to appoint Educational Committees for 
Venture in Mission and Camp and 
Conference Center. 

April 6, 1978— At this special 
meeting for further discussion of the 
capital funds campaign, received 
reports from the Venture in Mission 



Educational Committee, and requested 
the Bishop to appoint a campaign 
committee to design a strategy for the 
$2,000,000 financial campaign. 

May 25. 1978— Approved a Youth 
Committee of the Council; thanked 
The Reverend J. Michael Coram for 
his service as Interim Editor of The 
North Carolina Churchman and heard 
that a new full time Editor, Mr. 
Christopher Walters Bugbee, would 
begin work the first of June; received 
reports from the Education and 
Training Committee, the North 
Carolina Council of Churches' annual 
meeting, the Camp and Conference 
Center Educational Committee, the 
Venture in Mission Educational 
Committee, and the Financial Cam- 
paign Committee; approved budgets 
for the various campaign committees; 
adopted seven Venture in Mission 
projects as this Diocese's targets for 
the National Venture in Mission 
portion of the campaign and em- 
powered the Educational Committee to 
solicit and select projects for the In- 
Diocese portion of the campaign; and 



elected until the next Convention The 
Reverend James T. Prevatt to fill the 
vacancy on Council created by the 
resignation of The Reverend John I. 
Jess up, III. 

September 19, 1 978-Established, 
effective January 1, 1979, a minimum 
salary for full-time clergy of $11,550 
and resolved to study a change in 
establishing a minimum level of 
compensation rather than cash salary; 
adopted a proposed Episcopal 
Maintenance Budget for 1979 in the 
amount of $284,682 and a proposed 
Church's Program Budget for 1979 in 
the amount of $635,870; exempted 
nine mission congregations from 
receiving quota assignments; heard a 
report on the progress of the Steering 
Committee for the Triad Area Home 
for the Ageing; received reports from 
the campaign Educational Committees 
endorsing the In Diocese Venture in 
Mission projects and reviewing 
preliminary drawings by Mr. William 
Dodge, architect, for the proposed 
Camp and Conference Center; 
received a report from the Advisory 



Committee of The North Carolina 

Churchman and approved, effective 
immediately, that the name of the 
Diocesan publication be changed to 
The Communicant; and received a 
resolution from the Sandhills Con- 
vocation relating to undertaking a 
study of the concerns of small 
churches. 

November 14, 1978— Received a 
detailed report from The Venerable 
Robert N. Davis with regard to the 
concerns of small churches; received a 
brief report from the Triad Home for 
the Ageing Steering Committee; 
received reports from the campaign 
Educational Committees and from the 
Financial Campaign Committee. 

January 9, 1979 — Received a report 
on churches' acceptance of quotas 
from the the Finance Department. 
Voted to submit a revised Program 
Budget totalling $620,492 to the 
163rd Diocesan Convention. 
Unanimously re-elected Michael 
Schenck, HI, Business Manager for the 
Diocese, to the posts of Treasurer, 
Registrar, and Secretary of Council. 



Page4-The Communicant- January. 1979 



Investment Committee 

. The investment policy for managing 
the trusts that make up the in- 
vestments of the Episcopal Diocese of 
North Carolina was adopted by the 
original Investment Committee in 1963 
and is reviewed at each semi-annual 
meeting of the Investment Committee. 
Since its inception, the Investment 
Committee has deemed it wise and 
proper to employ the services of a 
bank to act as a custodian and to 
manage the investments of the various 
trust funds. The principal investment 
objectives are: (1) protection against 
Inflation through investment in high- 
quality common stocks, and (2) 
maintenance of a reasonable rate of 
income primarily from high-quality 
bonds. 

The net income of the Diocesan 
Common Trust Account increased 
some $22,000 or 16 percent during 
the past year. Even though there was a 
substantial increase in the number of 
shares outstanding, the income per 
share increased by 12 percent. This 
increase results primarily from the 
higher yields available on fixed income 



investments, particularly short term 
investments. 

As of September 30, 1978, the 
funds supervised by the Investment 
Committee were invested as follows: 

Name of Account: Cost/Book Market 

Value Value 

Diocesan Common Trust Fund 

PrtndpalCash $ 226 $ 226 

Revolving Notes 690.000 690.000 

Corporate Bonds 1.048.323 927.485 

Common Stock ... 1.254.855 1.460.405 

Tota | $2,993,404 $3,078,116 

Thompson Orphanage Special Funds 

Principle Cash 369 369 

Revolving Notes 236.000 236.000 

Govt. & Corp Bonds 799.867 779.658 

Total $1,036,236 $1,016,027 

William A Smith Fund 

Revolving Notes 9.000 9.000 

Collective Funds 68,902 71,432 

Tota l $ 77,902 $ 80,432 

Accumulating Income William A. Smith 

Principle Cash 46 46 

Revolving Notes 49000 49,000 

Govt. Bonds 60,000 57.825 

Tota | $ 109.046 $ 106.871 

Total Investments $4,216,588 $4,281,446 

Marion Follin 



Historiographer 



In the course of the past year 
research assistance has been given to 
several persons who were writing 
books and articles on some phase of 
church history, either national or local. 
The Rev. Dr. J. Carleton Hayden. 
professor in the School of Religion. 
Howard University, is making a study 
of the Episcopal Church and Blacks. 
1865 1918, which he expects to have 
published next year. He has been given 
much useful material on this subject as 
it relates to the Diocese of North 
Carolina. 

At the request of The Rev. Harrison 
T. Simons, an article was written on 
the origin and description of the seal of 



Parish Grant 



The Parish Grant Program of the 
Diocese of North Carolina began 1978 
with $7,477.07. The program had 
receipts from: interest of $582.06, the 
return of unused portion of grants of 
$426.00, and from the diocese of 
$12,000.00. Nine grants were made 
amounting to $19,400.00. 

The ending balance of the fund is 
$1,085.13. Interest income for the year 
1978 will be recorded in the 1979 
report. 

The Parish Grant Program provides 
seed money grants for parishes or 
missions who can implement an 
outreach program in their community 
by obtaining funds from other sources 
(or the equivalent, in kind). The 
maximum grant from this program is 
$3,000.00 to a single project. It is 
required that the vestry accept 
responsibility for the project and that 
parishioners be involved in the 
outreach work. 

Grant recipients are required to file 
an evaluation of their project after one 



year of operation. Excerpts of those 
reviewed evaluations are published 
annually in The Communicant. 

Grants were made as follows in 
1978: 

(l)Youth Media Project, St. Luke's, 
Durham-$3,000; (2)Meals On Wheels, 
Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount-$3,000; 
Raleigh Women's Center, St. Mark's , 
Raleigh-$1,500; (4) Raleigh Women's 
Center, Christ Church, Raleigh-$1,500; 
(5)Parents Anonymous, Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill-$1,500; (6) Share-a- 
Home, St. Michael's, Raleigh-$3,000; 
(7) Migrant Dental Program, St. Paul's, 
Smithfield-$3,000; (8) Art for 
Emotionally Disturbed Adolescents, St. 
Paul's Cary-$1,400; and (9) Parents 
Anonymous, Christ Church, Raleigh- 
$2,000. 

Application forms for grants may be 
obtained by request from the Diocesan 
House. 

The Parish Grant Committee is 
made up of six members who are 
appointed by the Bishop to apply the 
guidelines which were determined by 
the Diocesan Council and the Con- 
vention. 

Robert D. Herford 



The Episcopal Church 
Foundation, Inc. 



In making this annual report to the 
Diocese it might be advisable to 
familiarize everyone with the purposes 
of the Episcopal Church Foundation, 
Inc. The recent brochure prepared by 
the Foundation states this simply: 
"Loans and grants are available to 
parishes and missions in the Diocese 
and to other institutions owned by the 
Diocese to assist them in the (1) 
erection of buildings (2) acquisition of 
buildings and property (3) repairs, 
renovation, and improvements to 
existing facilities." 

During the year the directors ap- 
proved a $21,000 loan to St. Paul's, 
Cary, for purchase of land. They also 
approved the following grants: 
$4,100.00 to All Saints', Warrenton, 
for repairs to church property; 
$5,000.00 to Good Shepherd, 
Cooleemee, for repairs and renovations 



to rectory and parish; and $2,825.00 
to St. George's, Woodleaf, for repairs 
to St. Andrew's, Rowan County. 

The Foundation enjoys a sound 
financial operation and strives to be of 
service to all churches and missions in 
the Diocese. 

As of October 31, 1978, the face 
value of loans to Diocesan institutions 
amounted to $443,000.00 with a 
principal balance due of $164,299.26. 
Total assets of the Foundation as of 
October 30, 1977, and October 31, 
1978, are listed below: 



10/30/77 10/31/78 

Cash $ 1.156.60 1 590.24 

Short term Investments. 205.000.00 196.000.00 

Stocks and Bonds 332.354.70 383.690 69 

Balance Due on Loans 194,097.69 164,299.26 

Total $732,608.99 $744,580.19 



Inquiries from parishes, missions, 
and wholly-owned Diocesan in- 
stitutions will be welcomed. 

Charles M. Shaffer 



the Diocese. He had received inquiries 
for this information from many lay 
people. 

Information on the establishment 
and early history of the mission of St. 
John the Evangelist. Edenton. was 
furnished upon the request of the 
Archdeacon of the Diocese of East 
Carolina. This mission plans to 
celebrate its centennial in 1981. 

I have had conferences with Mrs. 
Martha S. Stoops concerning the 
history of St. Mary's College. Raleigh. 
Mrs. Stoops is in the process of writing 
a history of the school. 

I am glad to report that several 
parishes in the diocese are working on 
their histories. It is always a pleasure 
to give any assistance I can to en 
courage parishes to preserve and 
record their history. 

Lawrence F. London 



Constitution and 
Canons 



In addition to several items calling 
for changes in the Canons that may be 
presented to the Diocesan Convention 
for its action, the following matters 
shall be presented: 

(1) "Encumbering" real or tangible 
personal property held by the Trustees 
of the Diocese (Canon IX), or by 
vestries or institutional trustees (Canon 
XXIII) would be redefined so as to 
include the leasing of such property for 
a period of three years or more. Under 
the proposed change, the permission of 
the Bishop, acting with the advice and 
consent of the Standing Committee, 



would be required for any such long- 
term lease. 

(2) Membership and terms of the 
Commission on Ministry (Canon XXX) 
would be changed from the current 15 
members serving three-year terms to 16 
members serving four-year terms. The 
Commission on Ministry hopes that its 
difficulties in maintaining desirable 
continuity of experienced members on 
the Commission may be served by the 
Bishop's appointment of members for 
the longer term proposed. 

(3) The name of The North Carolina 
Churchman would be changed to The 
Communicant (Rules of Order XVII 
and XVIII), reflecting the recent action 
of the Diocesan Council with regard to 
the name of this diocesan publication. 

The Rev. Huntington Williams 
Jr. 



Program 

Mission Strategy 



These are dramatically changing 
times, especially in the mission field of 
the Diocese. In 1979 the Diocese will 
be asked to support the work of only 
six missions. This means that one 
more mission is self-supporting and 
that two missions, formerly served by 
full-time priests, are served now by 
retired clergy. We now have eleven full 
time priests, eight non-stipendiary 
priests, seven retired priests, seventeen 
priests serving part-time, and eight 
churches vacant or with no clerical 
leadership. 

Some exciting things are on the 
horizon in the mission field: our first 
pilot project on lay training for ministry 
will begin in the Northwest Con- 
vocation in early 1979 in partnership 
with the National Institute for Lay 
Training. New ways of doing ministry 
will be explored and pursued and a 
study requested on the issue of af- 
firming, strengthening, arid supporting 
the ministry of small churches in the 
Diocese. 

Our ministry to the deaf has ex- 
panded to Charlotte under the 
leadership of Barry Kramer, and new 
programs are underway, with more 
promised in the other four deaf 
congregations. 

Campus ministry remains strong at 
three of the four universities served by 
the Diocese, and a search is underway 
for a chaplain for UNC Greensboro. 

Christ the King Center continues its 
good work in the inner-city of 



Charlotte, ar our chaplaincy at Duke 
Medical Ce .cer is also thriving. The 
leadership among all these priests is 
excellent, and we continue to be 
blessed by able, dedicated men and 
women in this important work in the 
Dioce;- >. 

Those serving on the Mission 
Strategy Committee are: Mrs. J. 
Haywood Evans; The Reverend Joel T. 
Keys; The Reverend L. C. Melcher, Jr.; 
Mrs. M. E. Motsinger; Mr. Charles 
Oglesby; Dr. Charles Orr; Mrs. David 
Rice; Mr. William Steele; Mrs. Sterling 
Stoudemire; and The Venerable Robert 
N. Davis, Chairman. 

The Ven. Robert N. Davis 

Overseas Mission 

The Overseas Mission Committee 
has sought to promote the overseas 
mission of the Church during the past 
year. It arranged for a six weeks' visit 
in the summer by The Reverend Elu^ai 
Munda from the Anglican Church in 
the Sudan. Father Munda and his wife 
visited and worked in several 
congregations during the six weeks" 
period. We also helped schedule visits 
to several congregations by The Right 
Reverend and Mrs. Philip Ridsdale of 
Boga Zaire. 

The Overseas Mission Committee 
arranged with the Diocese of Taiwan 
for the manufacture of lapel pin-- of 
our Diocesan shield. Many 
congregations and individuals ordered 
the pins, and the proceeds went to 
overseas mission work. 

During the year we cooperated with 
and supported the work of the Venture 
in Mission Education Committee to the 
extent that we now join with them in 
promoting overseas mission needs. 
The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 



The Communicant- January. 1 979-P 



Program continued 



Stewardship 



The Episcopal 
Churchwomen 



"Episcopal Churchwomen— the 
mortar that holds the bricks together": 
this statement by the former presiding 
Bishop, The Right Reverend John 
Hines, at the 96th Annual Meeting of 
the Episcopal Churchwomen of our 
Diocese reinforces our belief that the 
organization of the Churchwomen is 
an integral and vital part of the 
ongoing life of the Church. There is 
surfacing an undercurrent of ex- 
citement among women today: pride in 
being a woman and pride in her ac- 
complishments. 

At this particular time in history, the 
ECW continues to be the most visible 
way for women to claim and affirm 
their lay ministry. Through our 
organization we offer leadership 
training for women— preparing them to 
move into policy-making and decision- 
making positions in all areas of the 
church. This effort is validated by the 
women who serve on vestries of 
parishes as well as those who serve on 
the Diocesan Council and the Standing 
Committee and who have been elected 
as Deputies to the General Con- 
vention. 

We are cognizant of changing times 
and a changing church. We regard this 
as a challenge to meet the needs of 
women where they are. An ad hoc 
committee studying the relationship of 
working women and the ECW has 
presented suggestions to branches for 
integrating working women, 
homebound women, and mothers of 
young children into their overall 
program. In some cases traditionally 
structured organizations must be 
changed to provide for additional 
participation by women no longer able 
to attend morning and afternoon 
meetings. On the Diocesan level we 
are examining our structure, tenure, 
and program in an effort to strengthen 
our viability and service to the church. 

There are tangible signs of renewed 
interest in the ECW in the Diocese. Ai 
our 96th Annual Meeting in Chapel 
Hill we had the largest attendance we 
have ever had— with the greatest 
number of branches represented. The 
number of clergy present was higher 
than for many years, and their support 
is welcomed by the Churchwomen. 
The Resource Fair (held for the first 
time this year) was a showcase in 
which the branches displayed the 
creative work they are doing and 
provided an opportunity for Diocesan 
Institutions to tell their story in a way 



not possible before. It was a great 
success!! 

Churchwomen are good stewards of 
their time and talent as their par- 
ticipation in countless activities 
ministering "to the least of the 
brethren" attests. Where we cannot go 
ourselves, we send our money. Our 
1978 giving is down from last year, but 
it is still over $100,000 as it has been 
for the past several years. Our support 
of the Camp and Conference Center is 
evidenced by contributions of more 
than $6,000 made long before the 
start of the Diocesan Capital Funds 
Drive. Our United Thank Offering was 
the largest in our history and 
represents gifts of thanksgiving for 
God's blessings to us and our families. 

This year the Churchwomen of the 
Diocese of North Carolina established 
and now administers a discretionary 
fund for use of migrant farm workers 
in our state to help alleviate suffering 
and meet needs not met by govern- 
ment and social action agencies. This 
is our response to thousands of people 
who are hopelessly locked into a 
complex and vicious system. 

Continuing support of our Episcopal 
institutions is affirmed both by the 
$1,000 scholarships given to St. Mary's 
and St. Augustine's and our con- 
tributions to Episcopal Child Care 
Services and Penick Home. Overseas 
we have planted a forest in Peru for 
conservation, built a dam in Brazil for 
water conservation and irrigation, and 
built a windmill in Haiti for energy. We 
believe we understand what the 
mission of the Church is and respond 
to it creatively and effectively. 
The dream of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of this diocese is for a 
Camp and Conference Center to be 
used by all as a place for our Christian 
community to gather: where we will be 
able to nuture our spiritual life and 
then go forth into the world to do our 
Lord's work. By action of the 95th 
Annual Meeting, we are committed to 
financial support for the building of the 
Camp and Conference Center; during 
the next four years this will be a 
special emphasis in our giving to the 
Diocesan program. It is my hope that 
money spent outside of the diocese 
will go to Venture in Mission so that 
all of us, working together, can do the 
things we cannot do alone. 

It is a pleasure to report that in 1978 
the Episcopal Churchwomen are alive, 
active, and committed to doing God's 
work through programs that meet 
needs in the world and help solve 
some of the problems of the times in 
which we live. 

Scott T. Evans 



State of the Church 

The report of the Committee on the 
State of the Church is still in process: 
and the commfttee is gathering data, 
both by written questionnaire and 
personal interviews, to be included in 
the report at the Diocesan Convention 
in January. The committee has been 
meeting on a regular basis throughout 
the year. 

One of the most difficult decisions 
that the committee faced in its earlier 
meetings was deciding what specific 
areas to explore. We have tried to 
narrow our scope to those topics that 
might be of interest to convention 
delegates and the diocese at large. 

Some of the topics that will be 
addressed in the report on the State of 



the Church concern the influence of 
spiritual growth groups and 
movements on the local parish church, 
the response of the Diocese to the 
outcome of the Special Convention to 
elect a Bishop .Coadjutor, how parishes 
within the diocese feel about their own 
ministry and mission to the broader 
community, and an exploration of 
some of the issues involved in what it 
means to belong to a diocesan church 
in the Seventies. These topics will 
serve as the focus of the report for this 
year. 

The members of the State of the 
Church Committee are The Reverend 
Charles J. Cook, chairman; Mrs. 
Tyndall Harris; Mr. Henry Craumer: 
The Reverend Keith J. Reeve; and The 
Reverend James W. Mathieson. 

The Rev. Charles J. Cook 



The Stewardship Commission met in 
Burlington in March and at the 
Diocesan House in May and continued 
to struggle with the problem of 
communicating to the parishes and 
missions of the Diocese the full 
meaning of Christian stewardship- 
discipleship-service. 

Study questions for vestry meetings 
were made available to those vestries 
requesting them, and feedback from 
several parishes indicated they were 



used profitably and helpfully. 

The Commission also sponsored the 
annual meeting and luncheon for Every 
Member Canvass chairmen and co- 
chairmen in early June. One hundred 
persons attended what many said was 
the most helpful session held to date. 

For the balance of the year, the 
emphasis within the Diocese on 
Venture in Mission and the Camp and 
Conference Center drives precluded 
further emphasis on stewardship 
education, but the Commission ex- 
pects to take up its task again soon 
after the January, 1979, Convention. 

The Ven. Robert N. Davis 



Youth 



The youth program for the Diocese 
of North Carolina has been a very full 
and productive one for 1978. The 
objectives for the year have been: to 
provide opportunities for our youth to 
meet, interact, struggle, and to grow; 
to develop and provide resources to 
effect better youth programs; to 
provide leadership training; to offer 
new challenges; to develop stronger 
and more effective communications; 
and to support and be involved in 
youth work beyond our own Diocese. 

Four major events occurred during 
the year. In April the Spring Youth 
Conference was held at Valle Crucis 
outside of Boone. N.C. In October the 
Autumn Youth Conference was held at 
the Betsy Jeff Menn Conference 
Center near Reidsville. N.C. Both 
conferences were oversubscribed. Each 
conference had a staff which was 
made up of an equal number of adults 
and young people who came together 
for a full weekend of planning for each 
conference. At the Autumn Con 
ference the young people elected their 
Diocesan Youth Commission. In 
November a Leadership Training Event 
was held at the Terraces for the Youth 
Commission. The annual Acolytes' 
Festival was held later that same 
month at Duke University with over 
1.000 people in attendance. 

An outdoor program for young 
people was begun during the year. The 
program, called Outdoor Discovery 
Weekends, was offered on the 
diocesan level several times during the 
summer, and for several parish groups 
during the fall at the new Diocesan 
Camp and Conference Center site. 
This program offers a series of group 
initiativeproblem solving exercises 
combined with outdoor living and 



spiritual growth. The originators of this 
program, Ned and Robin Hulbert of 
Washington, N.C. trained twelve 
people who have since served as staff 
for this program and who continue to 
serve as consultants. The coordinator 
of this program is Mr. Marshall Brooks 
of Raleigh. 

Many young people from the 
Diocese attended the summer and 
winter conferences for teenagers at 
Kanuga. Both of these conferences 
were staffed in large part by adults 
from the Diocese of North Carolina. 
Our Diocese also sent representatives 
to the Province IV Youth Event held at 
Kanuga in May, and the Province IV 
Youth Leadership Meeting at Camp 
Mikell in the Diocese of Atlanta in 
December. 

In addition, the Youth Committee 
consulted with a number of churches 
in order to strengthen their youth 
programs. To improve communications 
throughout the Diocese, an E.Y.C. 
Newsletter was started. Miss Anne 
Pearson, a member of the Youth 
Commission, was assigned respon- 
sibility for writing articles about the 
youth program for The Com- 
municant, and J. Tol Broome. Jr.. 
was elected Youth Representative to 
the Diocesan Council. The Committee 
established a subcommittee to begin 
the development of a program for 
young adults in the Diocese. 

The Youth Committee and the 
Youth Commission have expended 
much time to develop a philosophy by 
which we carry on the youth ministry. 
This philosophy is to provide for the 
youth of our Diocese a full and 
diversified ministry, to meet and accept 
them where they are in their faith 
pilgimage, and to enable them to 
experience the person of Jesus Christ 
and grow into the fullness of their 
calling within the Family of God. 

The Rev. Ralph Bird, Jr. 



Ministry 



The Commission on Ministry (1) 
assists the Bishop in selecting 
postulants and candidates for the 
ordained clergy, overseeing their 
education, and making continuing 
education grants to the clergy of the 
Diocese; (2) plans the annual Clergy 
Conference; and (3) examines "present 
and future needs for the Ministry on 
the Diocese." In these three areas, I 
report the following: 

(1) This diocese presently has three 
postulants and candidates in seminary: 
Mrs. Marilyn Grunkemeyer, a senior at 
Sewanee; Mrs. Jane Gurry, a middler 
at Virginia; and Mrs. Catherine Barnes, 
a junior at Sewanee. The Diocese also 
has two deacons canonically resident 
in North Carolina: The Reverend John 
Borrego, Assistant to the Rector at St. 
Francis' in Greensboro, and The 
Reverend Scott Holcombe, Assistant 
to the Rector at St. Andrew's in 



Greensboro. On the Bishop's behalf, 
the Commission on Ministry has also 
made continuing education grants to 
14 clergy in the diocese. 

(2) The Right Reverend John E. 
Hines, former Presiding Bishop of the 
Episcopal Church, was the keynote 
speaker at the annual Clergy Con- 
ference at Kanuga in October. Over 90 
clergy attended. 

(3) The Commission has studied the 
whole area of admission to postulancy 
in this diocese and is in the process of 
formulating a new policy to present to 
the Bishop on this matter. The 
Commission has worked closely with 
The Venerable Robert N. Davis on his 
plans to strengthen the ministry of the 
laity; and the Commission has made a 
thorough study of the Resolution on 
Seminary Education, submitted to last 
year's Convention by The Reverend 
Dudley Colhoun, and will submit a 
substitute resolution at the 1979 
Convention. 

The Rev. S. F. James Abbott 



Page 6-The Con 



\t-Januarv. 1979 



Worship and Liturgy 



The following is a summary report of 
the activities of the Commission on 
Worship and Liturgy from February 1 . 
1978. through January 27. 1979. 

(1) Consulted with the President of 
the Churchwomen of the Diocese 
together with the Rector and Organist 
Choirmaster of the Chapel of the 
Cross. Chapel Hill, about the services 
to be held during the Annual Meeting 
of the Episcopal Churchwomen at the 
Chapel of the Cross on April 25 and 
26. 

(2) Planned and assisted with the 
service held during the annual meeting 
of the Anglican Roman Catholic 
Dialogue held at the Church of the 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh on April 26. 

(3) Consulted with the Rector and 
Organist Choirmaster of St. Stephen's 
Church, Durham, in planning the 
service for the Dedication and Con 
secration of their new church building 
and assisted with the service on May 
7. 

(4) Held a full meeting of the 
Commission at the Diocesan House, 
Raleigh, on May 15. 

(5) In consultation with the Bishop 
and the Rector of Christ Church, 
Raleigh, planned and assisted with the 
service held at the Adjourned Session 
of the Diocesan Convention at Christ 
Church on May 20. 

(6) In consultation with the Bishop, 
planned and assisted with the 
Diocesan Ordination service held at St. 
Luke's Church, Salisbury, on June 17. 

(7) Reviewed draft services for 
possible inclusion in the revised Book 
of Occasional Services and forwarded 
findings to the Coordinator for Prayer 
Book Revision. 

(8) Planned and conducted the 
annual diocesan Worship and Music 
Camp (for children) at Kanuga from 
June 25 30 with over fifty campers in 
attendance. 

(9) Held a full meeting of the 
Commission at the Diocesan House, 
Raleigh, on September 25. 

(10) Planned and assisted with the 
services held during the annual 
diocesan Clergy Conference held at 
Kanuga from October 9-11. 

(11) Was represented by four 
commission members at the Annual 
Conference of Diocesan Liturgical and 
Music Commission Chairmen of the 
Episcopal Church at St. Luke's 
Church, Atlanta, Georgia, November 
69. 

(12) Planned and assisted with the 
annual Acolytes Festival service held in 
the Duke University Chapel, Durham, 
on November 11. 

(13) Planned and conducted a 
Worship Workshop on the Ash 
Wednesday, Holy Week, and Easter 
Eve rites of the Proposed Book of 
Common Prayer. The workshop — held 
at St. Stephen's Church. Durham, on 
November 17 and 18 — was led by Dr. 
Thomas Talley. professor of Liturgies 
at General Seminary, and James 
Litton, a member of the Standing 
Commission on Church Music of the 
Episcopal Church. Attendance in 
eluded 107 lay people and clergy. 16 
of whom came from other dioceses. 

(In consultation with the Bishop, 
planned and assisted with the services 
held during the 163rd Annual Con 
vention of the Diocese of North 
Carolina in Raleigh, January 26 and 
27. 1979. 

The Chairman and members of the 
commission also served as consultants 



to a number of clergy and 
congregations in the diocese as they 
continue their study and use of the 
Proposed Book of Common Prayer. 
Commission members have gladly 
spoken to parish groups, led classes 
and seminars, and consulted by 
telephone and mail as requested. 

The Reverend Uly H. Gooch 



Communications 



For the first six months of 1978, 
the Rev. James Michael Coram, priest- 
in-charge, St. Christopher's, High 
Point, served as interim editor of The 
North Carolina Churchman. Coram 
continued to fulfill his parochial 
responsibilities, yet nevertheless 
managed to break new ground for this 
publication. The six issues published 
during his tenure marked the beginning 
of a new period in the life of this sixty- 
nine year old newspaper. It is no 
exaggeration to say that the paper was 
revitalized under his direction, and its 
marked improvement in content and 
format was not lost on its readers. 

Under Coram, the new Churchman 
became not so much a sign as a 
footprint— a distinction illuminated by 
William Faulkner who pointed out that 
" a sign says 'at least I got this far. 
while a footprint says 'this is where I 
was when I moved again.' " 

The addition of a full-time Public 
Information Officer to the Diocesan 
Staff in early June brought further 
changes in format, content, and 
production when the paper resumed 
publication in October, and the new 
editor continued to move in the 
direction established by his immediate 
predecessor. 

In its September meeting, the 
Communications Advisory Committee 
approved changing the name of the 
paper to The Communicant, and the 
expansion of the publishing schedule 
to ten issues (monthly, October-June, 
with a combined issue for 
August/September). In addition, the 
Committee also adopted an editorial 
policy statement which contained the 
following statement of purpose: 
"The Communicant (formerly The 
North Carolina Churchman) serves the 
Church by informing the people of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
about significant news and information 
concerning the Church — its parishes, 
missions, agencies and organizations — 
and all other such subjects which will 
stimulate constructive thought and 
action and contribute to our common 
life of faith." 

Changes in production made it 
possible to bring typesetting and layout 
of the paper 'in house' through a time- 
sharing arrangement on a cost-plus 
basis with The North Carolina 
Catholic. The new arrangement is both 
economically and editorially ad- 
vantageous, and makes possible a 
production schedule which is at once 
highly flexible and efficient. Articles are 
now routinely written and typeset up to 
twelve hours before publication. 

The other major project during the 
last six months of 1978 involved the 
preparation of educational material for 
the $2 Million Diocesan Campaign. At 
present the Communications office is 
attempting to establish a network of 
media professionals who are also 
members of the Episcopal Church. 

Christopher Walters-Bugbee 



Committee on St. 
John's, Williamsboro 



The Committee has had a full and 
rewarding year in our responsibility for 
this historic, colonial church. We 
improved its appearance by repainting 
both its exterior and interior and 
adding suitable railings to the outside 
steps. From May 30 through October 
30 each member hosted one or more 
Sunday afternoons so that over 500 
persons could visit St. John's. We also 



opened it for special groups. 

Several services were held in 1978, 
including one wedding. Three 
Episcopal churches came and held 
their own service in St. John's followed 
by outings at Kerr Lake. On October 8 
we held our annual homecoming 
service and picnic lunch with Dr. 
Blackwell P. Robinson of the 
University of North Carolina at 
Greenville as our guest speaker. 

We invite visits to St. John's in 1979. 
Come to see our "mother church" of 
the diocese. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 



Education and 
Training 



We see an ever- increasing need for 
Christian education and training in all 
phases of our church's life. The 
Education and Training Committee has 
sought to respond responsibly to those 
needs. Such has required much giving 
of time and travel by twelve dedicated 
priests and laypersons of this diocese. 
The results have been worth the ef- 
forts. 

To emphasize our programs, we 
designed and exhibited a major display 
at Convention and at the Chur 
chwomen's Annual Meeting. The 
display brought much response for 
scholarship assistance, program helps, 
and consultations to several 
congregations. We provided 18 partial 
scholarships to Kanuga conferences, 
MATC training events, and other 
conferences. We have planned an 
evaluation meeting with the 65 person; 
in the diocese who attended Kanuga 
summer conferences. 

We have planned and designed a 
four day diocesan Christian Education 
Conference for June, 1979. to be held 
at St. Mary's College and to be led by 
The Reverend William Doles. This has 
required a lot of preplanning in 1978. 

Besides consultations to 
congregations, we accepted an in 
vitation to consult with the diocesan 
Churchwomen's Christian Education 
Committee We have helped design 



and will lead their Spring Workshop. 

After a year's experience with a pilot 
project using Sewanee's Theological 
Education by Extension Course, we 
will be able to assure sponsorship of it 
for the diocese, if Convention approves 
our budget. Sponsorship will enable, at 
greatly reduced cost, participation by 
many of the 34 churches which have 
indicated interest in being involved in 
education for lay ministry. 

In 1978 we offered a model 
educational event on a regional basis 
in which Canon Raymond Selby hd a 
workshop on Christology for laity. The 
response was so favorable that we are 
promoting the model for further use 
regionally in 1979. 

In order to be aware of other 
programs and resource helps, each of 
our members has been involved in one 
or more of the following: JED 
curriculum design: Episcopal Con 
ference for the Deaf: education by 
Theological Extension; The Mid 
Atlantic Association for Training and 
Consulting. Inc.; Kanuga Conferences, 
as liaison with the Youth Commission: 
Episcopal Churchwomen; Commission 
on Worship and Liturgy; and the IV 
Province. 

We appreciate the opportunity 
extended to us by Diocesan Council to 
present our 1979 program needs and 
their expression of faith in our work. 
We look forward to an exciting year of 
opportunities for growth in Christian 
education and training throughout the 
diocese. 

The Rev. Harrison T. Simons 



Christian Social 
Ministries 



The Christian Social Ministries 
Committee continues to be chaired by 
The Reverend David R. Fargo. Other 
members of the committee are: Mr. 
Ramseur Berry, The Honorable James 
G. Exum, Jr., The Reverend Vic 
Frederiksen, Ms. Dorothy Jones, Mr. 
John Shields'. Mrs. Louise Smith, and 
Mr. Braxton Townsend. 

The major emphasis this year has 
been in the development of programs 
within the migrant labor stream. Some 
progress has been made; e.g., the 
establishment of: (1) a discretionary 
emergency relief fund by the Episcopal 
Churchwomen (2) a dental program 
sponsored by St. Paul's in Smithfield 
and aided by Parish Grant Funds (3) a 
current investigation of the sponsorship 
of a day-care center beginnng in the 
spring of 1979. Quite candidly, this is 
a bleak situation which almost defies 
outside involvement, even given 
willingness and resources. However, 
this office intends to continue to push 
even harder for this ministry in 1979. 

Our Diocese has been very active in 
both the studies and the beginning 
organization in the area of land 
management. The major 



denominations in the Sunbelt are 
realizing that if something is not done, 
we will end up with many of the same 
plights that have devastated the East: 
i.e., eroding tax base in the inner city, 
pollution, mass "ghettoing," etc. The 
Diocese of North Carolina has been 
instrumental in this work among the 
denominations in North Carolina. 

Hospice, Share-A-Home. and 
Hospitality House continue to thrive 
under their very able leadership. 

The Diocese of North Carolina, in 
conjunction with a UTO grant, has 
helped the Women's Center of Raleigh 
reorganize, resulting in its being 
relocated and better equipped to offer 
its many needed services. 

Our Diocese continues to be a fully 
participating member of the Ap 
palachian People's Service 
Organization. The Bishop appointed 
The Reverend Joel Keys as his per 
sonal deputy. The Reverend Victor 
Frederiksen as clerical delegate, and 
Mr. Dunbar Jewel as the lay delegate. 

Mrs. Pat Nedwidek. Mrs. Pat Brown, 
and Mr. John Kay are our represen 
tatives to the North Carolina Council 
of Churches. The NCCC will now be 
better equipped to handle its ministry 
as a result of its reorganization and the 
recent admission of both Roman 
Catholic Dioceses in North Carolina. 

The Rev. Lex S. Mathews 



Diocesan institutions 



Thompson Children's 
Home 



From a seed planted by one 
Episcopal priest, nurtured by still 
another, and brought into full flower by 
a coalition of all the Episcopal 
churches in North Carolina, the 
Thompson Orphanage and Training 
Institution has emerged from an or 
phanage to become a modern family 
service agency — Episcopal Child Care 
Services. Begun in 1886, we have 
ministered to thousands of North 
Carolina children and their families. 

Today we work with families and 
children in turmoil. Our Charlotte 
campus (known as Thompson 
Children's Home) now provides 
treatment for emotionally disturbed 
children and counseling for their 
families. 78 children have received 
campus residential treatment during 
this past year, which represents better 
than 10% of all such services — both 
public and private — in North Carolina. 

Also, our community group homes 
and family foster homes cared for 24 
additional children who were able to 
function in the community. These 
children have less severe problems: but 
they. too. need skilled care: and their 
families require professional assistance. 

Six children were transferred from 
the cocoon like environment of our 
campus treatment program to our 
group homes as they became better 
adjusted. Families received follow-up 
services after children returned home. 
Other counseling services continued to 
be offered to families in their own 
homes. 

The quality of our work has steadily 
improved. We look forward to a new 
dimension of our service in 1979 with 
the employment of a priest chaplain 
made possible by the Venture In 
Mission Program of the Diocese of 
North Carolina. 

With the resignation of Bob Noble. 
1978 was a year of change. It was also 
a year of recommitment as John 



Powell was elected Executive Director. 
John had been Campus Director, and 
this position has been ably filled by Bill 
Gorman, who previously directed the 
campus Special Education and 
Recreation Programs. Episcopal Child 
Care Services has been able to in 
corporate these changes without a loss 
of momentum. We look forward, in 
1979, to continuing our mission of 
service with new zeal and professional 
excellence as we serve troubled 
families and children in the name of 
our Lord. 
James Q. Moore 

Murdoch Society 



The Francis J. Murdoch Society for 
the Increase of the Ministry was 
organized for the purpose of making 
loans to Episcopal students enrolled in 
seminaries. These loans are made 
according to financial need to students 
whose aim is ordination in the 
Episcopal Church. Loans are payable 
in five years or canceled upon the 
ordination to the diaconate. 

One loan in the amount of $800.00 
was authorized in 1978 to a full time 
student at the Episcopal Theological 
School in Cambridge. Massachusetts. 
The student is canonically resident in 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 

As of September 30. 1978, the 
Francis J. Murdoch Society owned 
1.686 shares in the Common Trust 
Fund of the Diocese. The market value 
as of that date was $25,267.24. 

The Reverend Francis J. Murdoch 
was born near Asheville in 1846 and 
served as rector of St. Luke's Parish. 
Salisbury, from 1872 until his death in 
1909. He was very active in the 
recruitment of suitable individuals for 
the ordained ministry. His sister. Miss 
Margaret Murdoch, established the 
fund as a memorial to Dr. Murdoch in 
1912. 

Candidates for loans should apply 
through their parish rector. 

The Rev. Roland M. Jones 



University of the 
South 



The Board of Trustees of The 
University of the South in April of 1978 
elected Mr. Robert Ayres of Houston, 
Texas, as Vice Chancellor of the 
University, after his having served in 
that position on a temporary basis for 
nine months after the resignation of 
Mr. Jefferson Bennett in 1977. The 
installation was held on October 17, 
1977. Founders Day. 

Mr. Ayres was graduated from the 
college in 1949 and was an executive 
of an investment banking company in 
Houston. A dedicated churchman, Mr. 
Ayres has given generously of his time, 
talents, and substance to the fur- 
therance of the Episcopal Church and 
The University of the South. There can 
be no doubt that the university will be 
guided by a steady hand and by a 
person who must indeed be in 



communion with his Creator. 

During his tenure as acting vice 
chancellor. The University of the South 
has made gains in a difficult time. The 
student body, the faculty, and the 
administrative body support Mr. Ayres 
with excellent results. 

The past fiscal year showed the 
university with a balanced budget for 
the first time in five years, but dif- 
ficulties still remain. While the suc- 
cessful continuing fund-raising cam 
paign has temporarily balanced the 
budget, the failures of the owning 
dioceses to fully support Sewanee 
financially have a negative effect. 

The Board of Trustees recognizes 
that for continuing successful future 
operation a major fund raising effort 
must be made within the next several 
years. 

The striving for excellence continues, 
and the student body reflects this goal 
of the university. 

Fred N. Mitchell, M.D. 



St. Augustine's 
College 



St. Augustine's College began its 
112th year with an enrollment of 
1.709 students, representing 24 states 
and 19 foreign countries. Ap 
proximately 60% of the students 
enrolled are from the state of North 
Carolina and plan to live and work in 
our state after graduation. . 

Plans have been finalized for the 
ground breaking of a Health Clinic on 
Founders' Day in February. This 
building will serve as a health care 
facility for the college family and as a 
teaching laboratory for students 
seeking a career in the field of allied 
health. 

The faculty and students are ex 
pressing academic enthusiasm and 
interest in raising standards and 
elevating liberal arts requirements for 
baccalaureate degree. Of the 285 



students who were graduated on May 
14, 1978, 36 were graduated with 
honors. 38% of the graduating class of 
1978 went directly to graduate and 
professional schools. In the 
professions, law, social work, and 
medicine led the field in that order. 

In other areas, accounting, business 
administration, and the natural 
sciences led the field. Our students are 
enrolled in some of the leading 
graduate and professional schools in 
the country. 

For the twelfth consecutive year, St. 
Augustine's has operated with a 
balanced budget. But St. Augustine's 
needs the continued support from the 
congregations and organizations of the 
Diocese of North Carolina: This has 
been your institution since its founding 
in 1867, and we seek your un- 
derstanding, your assistance, and your 
leadership in generating the support 
that will be needed to improve the 
financial stability of the college. 

Dr. P. R. Robinson 



St. Mary's College 



1977 78 was a healthy, productive 
year for St. Mary's College, and 1978 
79 is off to a great start. Associate in 
Arts degrees or high school diplomas 
were awarded to 226 students in May, 
and the school continues to operate 
with an optimum enrollment of just 
over 500 young women in the 16 20 
age group. A number of our students 
come, as they have in the past, from 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 

During the past year, a great deal of 
work has gone into completion of a 
self-study, in which all aspects of the 
College are evaluated by faculty and 
staff committees. The self-study is 
required for reaccreditation by the 
Southern Association of Colleges and 
Schools, and the accreditation team 
will visit the campus in March, 1979. 

St. Mary's has already begun to 
implement changes designed to 
strengthen areas which the study 
showed needed improvement. In April, 
the Board of Trustees approved a new 
faculty ranking system, comparable to 
that used by similar instutions in the 



Southeast, upon which faculty salaries 
as well as titles will be based. Plans 
are now being made for a Women's 
Institute, which will offer continuing 
education courses in such areas as 
business law and communications. 

The self study also showed a need 
for a reemphasis on student life. While 
other schools made be moving away 
from a concern with the student's non 
academic environment, St. Mary's 
students, faculty, and parents are 
calling for a continuation of our 
emphasis on social, emotional, and 
spiritual development as well as 
academic growth. 

St. Mary's financial position con 
tinues to show improvement, and the 
1977-78 year ended with a budget 
surplus. The College remains, 
however, heavily dependent upon 
student tuition and fees to meet ex- 
penses, and only through continued 
growth in both Church and alumnae 
giving can we prevent St. Mary's from 
pricing herself out of the reach of 
many qualified students. 

St. Mary's continues to attract young 
women who reflect well on the College 
and themselves. Some 98% of our 
graduates continue their education 
toward the bachelor's degree, and 



many receive masters and doctorates. 
Our alumnae can be found in every 
walk of life. Just this year, a 1971 
graduate — Elizabeth Peden of 
Hickory — was ordained to the 
Episcopal priesthood. 

As the only two year women's 
college in the United States affiliated 
with the Episcopal Church, St. Mary's 
has worked hard to strenthen her 
Church ties. I have traveled, as have 
other members of the administration, 
throughout North and South Carolina, 
attending and speaking at Diocesan 
Conventions and ECW meetings in all 
five dioceses with which St. Mary's is 
affiliated. Other efforts to strengthen 
church/school relations have included a 
bishops visitation day and a com- 
munications program through which 
rectors and ECW presidents receive 
regular College mailings to keep them 
informed about campus activities. 

St. Mary's cherishes her ties with the 
Episcopal Church, which go back to 
the school's founding. The continued 
interest and involvement of 
Episcopalians throughout North and 
South Carolina is seen as a vital key 
to our shared commitment to quality 
education for today's young women. 

John T. Rice, President 



The Terraces 



The Terraces, the Episcopal 
retirement facility and conference 
center in Southern Pines, has once 
again enjoyed a successful year under 
the continued leadership of Mrs. 
Leonard Muddimer, hostess, who 
deftly holds the cost of operating in 
line with income. 

Although the repair budget was 
increased by 50% this past year, there 
is still great need in this area according 
to Mr. Karl Stuart, under whose expert 
direction this work is planned and 
carried out. 

The Terraces stands ready to 
welcome small conference groups — 
vestries, churchwomen's groups, EYC 
groups, and other diocesan meetings — 
at a cost of $13 per person including a 
night's lodging and three meals. 
Located in one of the most beautiful 
spots in the country. The Terraces 
deserves your attention and support. 

For reservations, write Mrs. Nolley 
Jackson, reservationist, at Country 
Club Drive, Southern Pines, N. C. 
28387. 

William O. Bryant 



Page 8-The Communicant- January. 1979 



Institutions 



Penick Home 



The ministry of the Episcopal 
Church to and with older adults as 
expressed in the life and work of the 
Penick Home, Southern Pines, has 
been thriving in a year of people in- 
volvement. 

Resident government provides the 
residents with a constructive avenue 
for self-direction and personal well- 
being. Herein the people maintain or 
have restored their role as decision 
makers, which enhances the dignity of 
their personhood. Numerous other self- 
directed involvements include the 



following resident committees: food, 
entertainment, education, greeters, and 
flowers. 

Such a creative atmosphere has 
allowed residents to be contributing 
members of the community through 
their personal leadership in the Right- 
to-Read program in the public schools, 
professional tutoring in paramedic 
programs in the community college, 
and individual reading programs. The 
Penick Home has strengthened the 
community programs because 
residents have willingly volunteered 
their time and talents on behalf of 
others. 

The major portion of the local 
expansion program has been ac- 



complished this year with the com- 
pletion of the 6 apartment duplexes 
and 5 cottages, in addition to the 
opening of 12 private rooms in the 
skilled nursing section. The home now 
serves 16 in the apartment area, 9 in 
the cottage area, 65 in the residential 
setting, and 29 in the skilled nursing 
unit, totaling 119 people. The needs of 
older adults in the Diocese continue to 
increase, with demands for services 
exceeding capacity by a 2 to 1 margin. 

The Board of Directors has been 
involved in long-range planning over 
the past several months as follows: 

(1) Planning for the future in order to 
enable the Home to meet the changing 
needs of the older adult population, 
especially in the Episcopal Church 

(2) Studying through subcommittees 
the total resources of the Home, Board 
actions on policy, demand for services, 



and the alternatives for service which 
might be available 

(3) Developing ways of improving the 
quality of the services 

(4) Making sure that the Home 
system is going in the direction of 
service as intended 

(5) Determining how the services of 
the Home can be more uniformly 
available in the Diocese 

(6) Determining how the Home can 
service the needs of older people in the 
local parish 

(7) Determining whether there should 
be a campus in another location 

(8) Determining how the Home can 
continue to provide funds for services 
rendered to people 

Mary Katavolos 



Resolutions 



The small church 

BE IT RESOLVED, that the 163rd 
Convention of the Diocese of North 
Carolina request the Bishop to appoint a 
committee to study the relationship of 
small congregations to the Diocese and 
to one another, and to report back to the 
164th Convention with their recom 
mendations. The study might well 
concentrate on ways in which to affirm 
and support the good work already 
being done in small churches by clergy 
and laity alike; to help strengthen 
congregational life and program; and to 
discover better methods of mission 



financial support. And, 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that a 
significant part of the membership of 
this committee be drawn from among 
the clergy and laity of the congregations 
affected. 

The Ven. Robert N. Davis 

1928 Prayer Book 

WHEREAS: The Standing Liturgical 
Commission of the Episcopal Church 
was duly authorized to undertake a 
revision of the Book of Common Prayer, 
and 



WHEREAS, the resulting revisions 
have been faithfully and loyally studied 
and used by many clergy and local 
congregations, and, 

WHEREAS, after several years of 
faithful use, there continues to be 
substantial and widespread demand for 
the 1928 Book of Common Prayer, and, 

WHEREAS, those who prefer to 
worship by the 1928 Prayer Book will 
feel abandoned and may be embittered 
by a sense of loss of services which they 
treasure, and, 

WHEREAS, since it was the stated 
intent of the Standing Liturgical 
Commission to provide the flexibility 
and freedom of choice in a changing and 
diverse society, consistency and fairness 
would require that the National Church 
respond in the affirmative, not only to 



those whose preference is for the revised 
services, but also to those whose 
preference is for the 1928 Book of 
Common Prayer, and, 

WHEREAS, it is consistent with the 
mission of the Church to effect 
reconciliation in Christ's name, and, 

WHEREAS, the Presiding Bishop, 
responding to the concerns following the 
1976 General Convention, has ex 
pressed his hope that the Church will act 
to effect this reconciliation by affirming 
freedom of choice. 

NOW THEREFORE BE IT 
RESOLVED that this 163rd Annual 
Convention of the Diocese of North 
Carolina memorialize the General 
Convention to retain the Book of 
Common Prayer (1928) as an 
authorized alternative to the Proposed . 
Book of Common Prayer. 
J. Emmett Sebrell 



Nominations 



Standing Committee 
Laity 





Clergy 



William Kearhs Davis 

St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. 
Delegate to Diocesan Convention; 
Junior and Senior Warden; 
Personnel Committee; Chairman, 
Trust Commission; Christian 
Education Committee; Kin- 
dergarten Committee; Finance 
Committee; Usher. 



Larry Tomlinson 

Christ Church, Charlotte. Senior 
Warden; Treasurer; Chairman, 
Every Member Canvass; Chair- 
man, Building Fund; Director, N.C. 
Episcopal Church Foundation, 
Inc.; Chairman at a previous 
diocesan convention. 





Edward G. Glover 

St. Martin's, Charlotte. Vestry; 
Senior Warden; Finance Com- 
mittee; Secretary, Good Samaritan 
Fund. . 



Robert G. Tunnel! St. Paul's, 
Cary. Diocesan Council; Board of 
Managers for Episcopal Child Care 
Services; Charlotte Council of 
Episcopal churches, Vestry and 
Mission Committee, St. Paul's, 
Cary; Vestry, St. John's , 
Charlotte; Vestry, St. Paul's, 
Lynnfield, Mass; Vestry and 
Mission committe, St. Bar- 
tholomew's, Cherry Hill, N.J.; 
Diocesan Convention Delegate; 
Chairman Every Member Canvass. 




William Johnston Leach, Jr. 



William deR. Scott, Jr. 

Holy Comforter, Burlington. 
Delegate to Diocesan Con- 
ventions; Senior Warden; Vestry 
Member; Layreader; Chalice 



The Rev. Victor Frederiksen, 
III 
Associate Rector, St. 

Johns' Charlotte. Social Christian 
ministries; Diocesan Represen- 
tative, Appalachian People's 
Service Organization; Delegate, 
the Diocese of NC, The Provincial 
Synod on the Episcopal Church in 
the sunbelt; Members of the 
Board, Hospice at Charlotte, Inc., 
Hospice of North Carolina, Inc. of 
Carolina, Inc. 

Diocesan Council 



Trinity Church, Statesville. Bearer ; Chairman, Every Member 

Vestry; Chairman, Parish Kin- Canvass, 
dergarten Board; Chairman, 

E.M.C.; Diocesan Convention Q\ovn\j 

Delegate; Senior Warden J «" v 



Laity 





John C. Maddocks 

St. Barnabas' Church, 
Greensboro. Advisor, EYC; 
Diocesan Convention Delegate. 



J. Claude Mayo 

The Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount. Senior 
Warden; Finance Committee; 
Liturgical Committee; Chairman, 
Every Member Canvass; Chair- 
man, Search Committee for an 
Assistant Rector; Ad Hoc 
Committee with the Department of 
Christian Social Ministries. 



The Rev. James T. Prevatt, 

Vicar, St. Barnabas' Church, 
Greensboro. Task force on 
Professional Development of the 
Clergy; Commission on Ministry; 
Chairman, Murdoch Memorial 
Society; Diocesan Council. 

The Rev. Nicholson B. White 

Associate Rector, Christ 
Church, Charlotte. Division of 
Youth Work; Division of Overseas 
Ministry; Chairman, Venture In 
Mission Education Committee; 
Commission on Stewardship; 
Financial Campaign Committee. 



The Communicant- January. 1979-Page 9 



^=^ edit orial 



4 Annual Report' required reading for all 



You hold in your hands the pre-convention issue of The Com- 
municant, an issue short on news and long on print— hardly what one 
might normally consider an ideal state of affairs for a newspaper. 

But then January is not a normal month in the life of the Episcopal 
Church in the Diocese of North Carolina. January is convention ' 
month, the time set aside for the annual exercise in participatory 
democracy by a church whose tradition, polity, and ethos all betray 
its definite fondness for monarchy, albeit in its episcopal form. 

In less than two weeks, approximately 400 men and women 
representing the communicants of 98 churches and organized 
missions in this diocese will gather in Raleigh for the 1 63rd Con- 
vention to discuss, debate and vote on such important issues as the 
1979 budget, the election of a bishop coadjutor, the fate of the 1929 
Prayer Book, the progress of the $2 Million Diocesan Campaign, and 
the future of the small church. 

For those 400 delegates, the seven page Annual Pre-convention 
Report contained herein is required reading. The working document of 
the convention, it will be poured over, thumbed through, and 
examined very closely before the gavel sounds the convention's close. 

But the convention represents some 41,000 baptized members of 
the Church living in 16,000 households throughout the 37 counties 
which comprise the diocese. And The Communicant has given seven 
pages this issue in the belief that the report is of equal interest to the 
more than 40,600 people who will not be in Raleigh the last Friday 
and Saturday of this month. 




through children's eyes 

Dear Bishop Fraser, 

I liked your sermon last spring at The-Chapel-of-The-Cross. You 
mentioned reading Genesis and I did so. I got interested in it I read 
the whole Old Testament (with the help of my mother). 
It was very interesting. 

My favorite stories were: the one with all the plagues and the one 
about the people going out to the desert to sacrifice. 

The Bible I read out of was written in story form so some was 
left out but I read the most interesting part. 

Love, 

Adrian Bird 

Age 9 

Chapel Hill 

This column offers a place where children can be heard, their often unique 
perspective valued, shared and taken up in our common life. Submissions of art 
and written work are welcome, provided they are accompanied by the child's 
name, age, and address. Please address all correspondence to "Through 
Children's Eyes", P.O. Box 1 7025, Raleigh, NC 27619. 

The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919-787-6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 



Published ten times a year (monthly. 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh. 

NC 

Publication Number: 392580 



To be sure, it looks like pretty grim reading— yards of gray matter 
with few pictures to make it very appealing. 

But look at it this way. Think of it as the ecclesiastical equivalent 
of the annual report published by a publically-owned corporation, and 
think of yourself as one of the stockholders who together invested 
over $850,000 last year. 

Read the report carefully to find out what is being done with the 
resources which you have placed at the Church's disposal. After all, 
you are the Church. And if you are bothered by something you read 
in this report, find out who your delegates are and tell them so that 
they may carry your message to convention next week. That's what a 
diocesan convention is for after all. You don't necessarily have to 
come to Raleigh to participate, but you do have to be informed. 

CWB 



sharing silently 



By Emily Harrel! 

We Deaf Episcopalians in this 
diocese are delighted with the changes 
made in The Communicant and the 
addition of a new column titled 
"Sharing Silently" by the Rev. J. 
Kramer. I, for one, don't want to keep 
silent; and through this paper we will 
be able to communicate with the 
hearing people of this Diocese so that 
they may learn more about the Deaf. 

In the past it was usually necessary 
for deaf persons to attend a church 
some distance away, resulting in larger 
groups but fewer churches. We have 
noticed in recent years that sign 
language classes are being set up in 
churches and interpreters are popping 
up everywhere. Churches of all 
denominations are opening their doors 
to the deaf. 

A survey of churches which are 
open to the deaf has revealed that 
there are approximately 85 churches in 
North Carolina engaged in this work. 
There are 65 Baptist, 6 Episcopal, 3 
Church of Christ, 2 Lutheran, and 2 
Assembly of God Churches. In ad- 
dition, there is one each of various 
other denominations. We have only 



seven Missioners and one layman. 
Approximately 7,500 deaf people have 
not been reached by any church or % 
joined a church. 

There has been an increased 
demand for interpreters in churches 
and colleges, and the supply does not 
meet the demand. In North Carolina 
there are three residential schools, and 
parents who want their deaf children to 
stay close to their homes allow them 
to attend classes in public schools. In 
schools, teachers are trained to teach 
deaf children in total communication. 
There is an increased number of deaf 
students who enroll in hearing colleges 
where they have full-time interpreters. 
More sign language classes are being 
set up in colleges. 

Things have changed and we are 
trying to keep up with this fast pace. 
God's work among the deaf is 
manifest. He is building a bridge where 
we can come across and have good 
education, jobs, and church fellowship. 
Still, we need a few miracles. We need 
your prayers and I strongly believe 
prayers can work miracles. God listens 
to us. God cares. 

Emily Harrell is a member of the 
Ephphatha Mission for the Deaf, 
Durham. 




letters 



Dear Editor: 

The following resolution will be 
presented at the forthcoming Diocesan 
Convention. I will be most grateful for 
its publication in "the Convention" 
issue of The Communicant. 

WHEREAS, the Rt. Rev. John Allin, 
the Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal 
CHurch and chief shepherd over our 
household of faith, has repeatedly 
urged + at the 1976 Minneapolis 
Convention, at the House of Bishops 
meeting in Port St. Lucie (September, 
1977), and in Kansas City (October, 
1978) as well as through any number 
of articles and publications + the 
provision of both the 1 928 Book of 
Common Prayer and the 1976 
Proposed Book of Common Prayer as 
a means of reconciliation and unity 



within our Church, and, 

WHEREAS, there are those of the 
clergy and laity alike, who for con- 
science's sake, desire to continue their 
use of the existing Book of Common 
Prayer as a lawful use, 

NOW THEREFORE BE IT 
RESOLVED: in the event that the 
Proposed Book of Common Prayer be 
finally adopted by General Convention, 
that General Convention make 
provision for the continued use of the 
1 928 Book of Common Prayer and 
that the deputies of this Diocese to 
General Convention are hereby in- 
stwcted to present this resolution as a 
memorial to General Convention." 

. Sincerely, 

Phillip M. Russell 

Greensboro 



10-The Communicant- January. 1979 



C^lCanadi 
JlUl 



rliinan 



the printed word |i 



Two roles in conflict 



The Church of England holds a 
unique position within the Anglican 
Communion, for it fulfills two func- 
tions. It is the national Anglican 
Church in England; it is also the 
mother church of Anglicans all over 
the world. 

There is usually no discrepancy 
between the church's two functions; 
what it does as a national church has 
little or no bearing on its traditional 
leadership of other Anglican churches, 
and in fact, that leadership role has 
been less important as overseas church 
autonomy has increased. 

But with the Church of England's 
recent decision about women priests, 
the two functions do come into 
conflict. As a stand taken by a 
national church it is of interest, but has 
little effect on other Anglican churches. 



As a stand of the mother church, it 
has one significant effect that needs 
clarification. ' 

As are Rome or Mecca, England is 
the center of a world-wide religion, and 
every year countless thousands of 
adherents visit its churches and 
cathedrals. Many of these modem-day 
pilgrims are priests who have been 
ordained by other branches of the 
Anglican Church. 

Part of the pilgrimage, for these 
priests, is being able to officiate in an 
English church. Receiving permission 
to do so is relatively easy under the 
Overseas and Other Clergy (Ministry 
and Ordination) Measure, 1967. The 
priest applies to either the Archbishop 
of York or the Archbishop of Can- 
terbury and the application is invariably 
endorsed. 



y^.. letters^ 



Dear Editor: 

I would like to express my concerns 
about the use of nuclear power. I do 
not think it is the solution to my, 
North Carolina's or. America's energy 
needs. I feel that nuclear power is a 
short-sighted solution to the energy 
problem caused by the misguided 
notion that a more mechanized" society 
is somehow more humane. 

I question the priorities of power 
companies which continue a policy of 
expanded use of nuclear power in view 
of the unwillingness on the part of 
many consumers to accept these 
plants as either necessary or safe. In 
particular, I resent the building of the 
Shearon-Harris Plant by Duke Power 
Company which is located in my 
region of the country. 

It is unnerving to me that people are 
asked or rather forced to accept a 
power plant that is so expensive to 
build, yet has an expected life-span of 
only 20-40 years, and has by-products 
which are so dangerous that they will 
need to be stored and guarded against 
any human contact for thousands of 
years. I refuse to believe that this is the 
kind of world we want to bequeath to 
our children. 

Furthermore, I feel like the root of 
this energy blight is spiritual. It is a 
matter of me-first greed, a lack of . 
concern for others, and a failure in our 
God-given task to be the stewards of 
this world in which we live. We simply 
use more of our share of everything 
and, what's more, we have even come 
to believe that we are entitled to it. 

I believe that we must take Jesus' 
parable of the talents to heart. God 
has put this world, "His capital", in our 
hands to be His care-takers, to invest 
the earth, to be creative, to make it 
even more fertile than it was before. 
The responsibility is ours, communally 
and individually. The result of our 
labors will be either a blessing or a 
curse upon our own lives as well as on 
the lives of our descendants. Surely 
caring for God's creation is part of our 
worship, an expression of our 
thankfulness to Him for his great 
bounty. 

Sincerely, 

Mary Rocap 

Durham 



But the situation has been different 
for women who have been ordained by 
overseas churches. Not one has yet 
received official permission to ad- 
minister communion in England — 
although the previous Archbishop of 
Canterbury did allow Rev. Joyce 
Bennett of Hong Kong to administer 
communion in a private service held 
for her family. 

Until now, the Archbishops of 
Canterbury and York have been 
careful to guard against, and to 
condemn, any actions which would 
prejudice the General Synod discussion 
on women's ordination. 

But insofar as any official action is 
concerned, the issue has been decided 
in the Church of England, and there 
can no longer be any question of 
undue influence. 

In fairness, the English archbishops 



should now apply ecclesiastical law 
equally to the male and female priests 
who seek permission to officiate. 
Overseas women priests should be 
allowed to celebrate where the 
diocesan bishop approves, and where 
the parish has requested it— to con- 
tinue to deny them this function comes 
close to simple discrimination, par- 
ticularly since the Church of England 
admits the principle of female or- 
dination. 

As a national church, the Church of 
England has every right to keep 
women priests from its altars. As the 
mother church of 65,000.000 
Anglicans, we doubt it has that right. 

This editorial appeared in the 
December, 1 978 issue of The 
Canadian Churchman, the 
monthly newspaper published by the 
Anglican Church of Canada. 



Dear Editor: 

You have brought out well, in your 
December editorial, facts which have 
not been high-lighted in the giving of 
the World Council of Churches' grant 
to the Patriotic Front. Thank you for 
this. 

It is hard to walk the line of 
Christianity where there is a close 
question of need and violence, right 
and might and politics. You have 
pointed out that it is far better to take 
the risk than to ignore the respdn- " 
sibility. 

I think the World Council of 
Churches would be better served, 
however, if they made similar grants 
for the same purposes to those 
children, missionaries, and blacks 
within the borders of Rhodesia, even 
to those whites who, having for 
generations known no other homeland, 
have been plundered and burned out, 
since they too are victims of man's 
inhumanity to man. 

Why must the World Council of 
Churches decide only one side is 
worthy of help. Are not those. who 
suffer on both sides children of God? 
Sincerely, 
Phyllis Barrett 
Chapel Hill 

Dear Editor: 

I have before me a copy of The 
Communicant for November, and I 
refer to a story from Kansas City 
(RNS) in which Anglicans are referred 
to as "breakaways." I should like to 
take issue with the term "breakways," 
in connection with The Anglican 
Church of North America, for it is not 
these Anglicans who have broken 
away, but the proponents of several 
"Rites," none of which meet the 
requirements of an Episcopalian as set 
forth in the Book of Common Prayer 
of 1928. 

It is the Anglicans who have chosen 
to adhere to the tenets of the Book of 
Common Prayer as it was printed in 
1928, therefore the so-called 
"breakaways" are those who would 
revise the Prayer book to suit their 
own purpose. 

It is my earnest hope that the 1928 
version of the Book of Common 
Prayer will continue to be the official 
Order of Service in the Episcopal 
Church in North America. 

Sincerely yours, 

Mrs. W. T. Houston 

Charlotte 



how others see us 



The Power of Their Glory 

"Episcopalianism is a faith for rational 
people. If that is a contradiction, it is 
both evident and troublesome to 
Episcopalians and accepted with benign 
insouciance. The Episcopal Church has 
made history of surviving doctrinal 
troubles that threatened to split it; as 
many current observers point out, a 
church that could get through the Civil 
War intact — the only major 
denomination to do so— can also survive 
a few harsh words over women priests 
and prayer books. 

Episcopalians take a very English, 
stiff-upper-lip attitude toward their 
church; it is the sort of thing one should 
accept or reject personally, internally, 
without unduly annoying other people 
with theological disputations, even in 
church. Episcopal clerics almost 




universally deny having ever received a 
direct divine order to the ministry, a 
'calling,' in the sense most other 
ministers speak of, and the laity is even 
less concerned with public 
acknowledgment of God or His people 
on earth. 

George Gallup found (and he didn't 
like it) that Episcopalians attend church 
less frequently than any other Christian 



group; have had far fewer 'born again' 
experiences per capita; 'bear witness' 
(tell someone about the religion) far less 
frequently; tend strongly to deny that the 
Bible is literal truth; and in general place 
less importance on their religious lives 
than any other Americans who identify 
themselves with a religion. 

At St. Alban's School, to use one 
example of the prevailing temper. 'Jesus 
freaks' are actively discouraged by the 
school's religious authorities; one priest 
there talks disdainfully about their 
propensity to 'go off to Presbytenan 
camps or something in the summer.' 
Hence the seeming paradox: a very 
formal, elaborate, orthodox religion with 
an extremely worldly, wealthy, and 
rationalistic congregation. It is a religion 
for sophisticates— for people who can 
'believe' a religious philosophy of life 
without letting it interfere in their 
workaday world 

"Today Episcopalianism is a church of 
contradictions. It practices an elaborate, 
Catholic ritual and full-blown 
cosmology, yet is the most worldly of 
churches. It preaches a gospel of 
poverty to the richest denomination in 
America. It is an English church for 
English people, created through a 
revolution against English rule. 

There are hardly any Episcopal priests 
left who will say it is better to be 
Episcopalian than not, yet the church 
exercises an uncanny pull on its bir- 
thright members when it comes time to 
get married. It is a church of American 
industry whose clergy was the single- 
handed creator of church support for the 
rights of labor. Its leaders were banning 
books in Boston while their 
coreligionists were scandalizing America 
with the sexual openness of 'cafe 
society.' And yet no group has ever 
dominated American society more than 
3 million Episcopalians...." 

Reprinted with the permission of the 
authors from The Power of Their 
Glory, by Kit and Frederica Konolige. 
Copyright 1978 by Kit and Frederica 
Konolige. A review of The Power of 
Their Glory will appear in the next 
issue of The Communicant. 



The Communicant January. 1979-Page 1 



,4= js ids ^ 



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Books 

Editorial 



Contents 



THE 



Q'Tm going to He 64 years old. 
uote soon ' and you folks who think 
Vou're going to keep me here until 
I'm 72 are d"=H Arcng."— Bishop 
Fraser to the 163rd Convention 




Serving the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



Volume 69, Number 2, February, 1979 



Coadjutor election scheduled for fall 




The Rev. Barry Kramer, Missioner for the 
Deaf, signs at Convention. 



By Christopher Walters -Bugbee 

RALEIGH— A special convention for 
the election of a Bishop Coadjutor will 
be held this coming fall, as a result of 
actions taken by delegates to the 163rd 
Annual Diocesan Convention which met 
here January 26 and 27. 

A resolution calling for an October 
election received the unanimous support 
of the more than 400 convention 
delegates, who burst into spontaneous 
applause when its passage was an- 
nounced late Saturday morning. 

In other action taken during the one- 
and-a-half day gathering, Convention 
delegates: 

•heard a report from the Diocesan 
Campaign Finance Committee that 
pledges totaling $1,117,177.75 had 
been received from 70 parishes toward 
the $2 million Venture In Mission/Camp 
and Conference Center Campaign; 
•voted not to retain the 1928 Prayer 



It's hard to elect a bishop; 
Delegates tell of past efforts 



By Judy Lane 

CHARLOTTE— Electing a bishop 
coadjutor does not come easily to the 
Diocese of North Carolina. Last May the 
162nd Convention met in Raleigh to 
elect a coadjutor but was unable to do 
so because the clergy and the laity 
deadlocked on the eighth ballot. 

It took two years and two conventions 
to elect Bishop Thomas A. Fraser as it 
did to elect his predecessor, Bishop 
Richard H. Baker. As Bishop Fraser 
pointed out in his Convention address, 
this diocese has not had a lot of practice 
in such elections. He is only the eighth 
diocesan bishop in the Diocese's 162- 
year history, and many of the delegates 
to the Convention last May had never 
before participated in the election of a 
bishop. 

Reminiscing about the nonelection of 
1949 which preceded the election of 




Bishop Baker, Watts Carr, Jr., from St. 
Philip's, Durham, remembers it as an 
"enjoyable circus" with twelve favorite 
sons and thirty-two ballots before the 
Convention adjourned in deadlock. 

The following year Richard Baker was 
elected Bishop Coadjutor, and became 
Diocesan in 1958. 

In 1959 delegates gathered again to 
elect a bishop coadjutor. That election 
was successful... until the winner of the 
election, George Alexander (now Bishop 
of the Diocese of Upper South 
Carolina), refused to accept the office. 
The nominating committee that had 
visited Alexander, then Dean of the 
University of the South, Sewanee, 
Tenn., had misunderstood him, thinking 
he had said he would accept when he 
had not. 

And so, according to the Rev. 
Huntington Williams, Jr., rector of St. 
Peter's, Charlotte, the issue before the 
special convention of 1960 was, "Would 
we succeed in electing someone who 
would say, 'Yes'?" 

In February 1960 the Convention did 
succeed, after several ballots, in electing 
Thomas Fraser, rector of St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem. Bishop Fraser was 
consecrated as bishop coadjutor on May 
13, 1960, and served in that capacity 
until July 1965 when Baker retired and 
Fraser became the Diocesan. 

The Rev. L. Bartine Sherman, rector 
of St. Martin's, Charlotte, and a leading 
contender for bishop coadjutor last May, 
feels that the Diocese has learned 
something from past elections: in 1959 
and 1960 the Convention discussed 
personalities while in 1978, the Con- 
vention discussed what kind of person 
they were looking for as bishop. 

New bishops often turn the diocese in 
new directions. The Rev. Lauton Pettit, 
rector of St. Matthew's, Hillsborough, 
remembers the church of 1960 as 
"dormant," with no great activity. He 



Book as an authorized alternative to the 
Proposed Book of Common Prayer; 

•approved a 1979 diocesan budget of 
$905,174; $284,682 for episcopal 
maintenance and $620,492 for 
program, an increase of 3.1% and 3.8% 
respectively; 

•approved the appointment of a 
committee to study "the relationship of 
small congregations to the Diocese and 
to one another"; 

•approved a resolution calling upon 
the Diocesan Council to extend in- 
vitations annually to all Episcopal- 
related institutions in the Diocese to 
appear before the Council for a review of 
their program, finances, or other such 
matters "as may please the institutions 
of the Council;" 

•urged the upcoming 66th General 
Convention in Denver to give special 
attention to the recommendations of the 
Council for the Development of 
Ministry, a national church agency, on 
the educational process leading to 
ordination in the Episcopal Church. 

Even before the opening gavel, it was 
clear that the election of a bishop 
coadjutor would be the primary concern 
of the delegates who were meeting for 
the first time since the 162nd Con- 
vention adjourned after deadlocking on 
the eighth ballot last May. 

At convocational meetings prior to 
convention, delegates had been in- 
formed that a special open hearing 
would be held Friday night on the 
election of a bishop coadjutor. 

In his opening address, Bishop Fraser 
picked up this theme by describing the 
future growth of the diocese and the 
challenges which it would present for the 
next bishop. 

"The present and, even more so, the 
future, will demand vision, imagination, 
new ways of administration, an honest 
admission of what he can and cannot 
do, a closer working relationship with 
lay leadership as well as clergy, and a 
deep personal commitment to the 
responsibilities and opportunities of the 
office of Bishop. 

"Therefore I and requesting a Special 
Convention for the election of a Bishop 



Coadjutor 'because of the growth of the 
diocese and the extent and challenge of 
its work.' " 

Speaking of the 162nd Convention's 
failure to elect last May, he pointed out 
that many of the delegates "had never 
been present of involved in an episcopal 
election before and were confused and 
unhappy about some things that oc 
curred as well as uninformed about 
canonical procedures." 

Bishop Fraser explained that this time 
"I am trying to' give every delegate an 
opportunity at the very beginning to 
become involved and participate in the 
process." 

He concluded by reminding delegates 
that they could ask questions or make 
suggestions at the open hearing later 
that evening. 

As it turned out. some delegates 
hadn't planned on waiting that long. 
Following close on the heels of the 
Bishop's address, the Committee on the 
State of the Church presented a report 
which was openly critical of the cir- 
cumstances leading to last year's non- 
election. 

The Rev. Charles Cook, committee 
chairman, cited confusion over the 
duration and kind of episcopal 
assistance and an unnecessarily 
restrictive nominating procedure as the 
principle causes of the non-election last 
May. 

Pointing out that the laity talks of 
"charisma and leadership ability," while 
the clergy calls for a "sensitive pastor," 
the committee questioned "if there is 
really a clear definition of what we mean 
when we say that we want a bishop who 
possesses these qualities." 

The report characterized the last 
year's nominating process itself as 
"unsettling" and blamed the absence of a 
screening mechanism for the large 
number of favorite sons on the ballot. 
The process was further complicated, 
"by a reluctance... to have any open 
discussion about the candidates for the 
office," which "drove campaigning 
underground." 

See Convention — p. 4 - 



The Rev. L. Bartine Sherman 




J report on how deaf Episcopalians felt about the Diocesan Conventions, read S/ionnyj 
Silently, on p. 6. 



by Tom Walters 








Diocesan Convention ' 79 



--' -- 




Convention delegates debate prayer book; 
Strong feelings tempered by mutual respect 




The Rev. Frank Dunn 

Convention-from p.l 

Expressing appreciation for the hard 
work of last year's committee on the 
election of a bishop coadjutor, it 
nevertheless urged the Convention "to 
adopt a mere open nominating process 
for this important office in the church." 

Like the Bishop, the Committee was 
optimistic regarding future growth. But 
attached to the optimism was a warning 
that "now is not the time for the church 
to become self-satisfied and com- 
placent. Perhaps more than ever we 
should address the_ question of what it 
means to function as a diocese in the 
Episcopal Church." 

On the diocesan level, the Committee 
found North Carolina to be "blessed 
with strong leadership at a time when 
there are very few signs in the church at 
large that there exists any leadership at 
al! " 

The report singled out for criticism 
those in the national church "who have 
convinced themselves and others that 
the wisest course for the church to 
follow is to attempt to make everyone 
r 3 opy " 

"A quick reading of the Apostle Paul 
s-ould make it clear that this has never 
btvn the case in the life of the church 
and never will be." 

r he committee expressed ap- 
preciation that "our bishop is not afraid 
to make difficult decisions or to speak 
out on controversial issues," and 
concluded by noting the committee's 
conviction that both pastoral sensitivity 
and strong leadership ability were 
necessary to the Christian community. 

"We know that decision making in the 
church does not always mean 
agreement on every issue or topic, but 
we also know that a strong and 
-edicated pastor is able to discern what 
is the right course for the Christian 
: ;mmunity to follow." 

We are grateful for the wise and 
gifted leadership that we have in the 
Diocese of North Carolina, and we look 
forward with confidence to the future." 

The budget was presented and 
adopted with little debate, and various 
rommittee reports followed each other 
In quick succession throughout the 
afternoon. Following the eucharist at 
4:30 p.m., the Convention recessed for 
hinner before the start of the evening 
hearings on resolutions, the $2 Million 
Campaign, and the election of a 
Coadjutor. 

With the opening of the morning 
business session at 9 a.m. on Saturday, 
:he delegates were ready to vote on the 

.commendations of the Committee on 
solutions. 

Three of the six resolutions presented 

- convention were handled with a 

ge 4-The Communicant-February. 1979 



minimum of discussion, as the delegates 
voted in accord with the recom- 
mendations of the Resolutions Com- 
mittee. 

Two resolutions regarding small 
churches and diocesan : related in- 
stitutions were adopted by voice vote, 
and a resolution concerning the use of 
absentee ballots in parochial elections 
was referred to the Committee on 
Constitutions and Canons for further 
study. 

Prayer book 

The first of two prayer book 
resolutions was now before the 
delegates, who heard the Committee on 
Resolutions move that it not be adopted 
and that they be discharged of further 
responsibility. 

The motion, if passed, meant that the 
resolution itself would not come up for a 
vote, a fact which drew criticism from 
delegates on both sides of the issue. 

The Committee's recommendation 
was debated quietly but with evident 
emotion. J. Emmett Sebrell, author of 
the resolution, expressed disap- 
pointment with the motion not to adopt 
and pointed out that "Reconciliation, not 
force, is the true path of unity of spirit. 
Forcing the removal of the 1928 Prayer 
Book and the use of the 1979 Book on 
those parishes which do not want it will 
not reconcile but rather alienate them." 

Asking "that this issue be decided 
with a great consideration for how you 
know others feel," he urged delegates to 
defeat the motion and allow the con- 
vention to vote yes or no on the prayer 
book resolution itself. 

Among those who spoke against the 
resolution, the Rev. Frank Dunn 
acknowledged the difficulty of the 
situation, yet expressed concern that 
keeping two prayer books would only 
serve to keep an issue alive to split the 
church in the future. 

The debate which followed may not 
have changed any minds on either side, 
but it apparently did convince a majority 
of the delegates that the convention 
should not avoid voting directly on the 
resolution itself by means of a 
parliamentary maneuyer. The motion 
not to adopt was defeated by a 170-166 
vote; the resolution itself was then voted 
on and defeated 217-134. 

Speaking at the conclusion of the 
voting. Bishop Fraser reminded the 
delegates that "our commitment is 
neither to a book nor to an infallible man 
in Rome; our commitment is to Christ. 

"I want us to be able to disagree with 
each other in good spirits and I am 
satisfied after hearing this debate that 
that is what has happened. The issue 
has been aired and that is good. Now we 
must move on." 

Acting in the very spirit of recon- 
ciliation for which he had argued so 
eloquently, Sebrell then moved that the 
vote against his resolution be made 
unanimous in the interests of Church 
unity. Speaking on behalf of the diocese. 
Bishop Fraser praised Sebrell for his 
generous spirit, but suggested that the 
vote should stand as recorded out of 
respect for where people stood on both 
sides of the issue. 

The last two resolutions were voted 
on with little or no discussion. Con- 
vention delegates passed one resolution 
on theological education and defeated 
another resolution calling for continued 
use of the 1928 Prayer Book. 

With the report of the Committee on 
the Bishop's Address, convention 
delegates turned their attention once 




again to the subject of the election of a 
bishop coadjutor. Noting that they 
welcomed his call for an election, the 
Committee commended the Bishop "for 
his efforts to open the whole sub- 
ject... through the open hearing held 
during this Convention." 

The committee chairman, Thomas 
Fanjoy, then presented a summary 
statement of the results of the open 
hearing Friday evening. Questions 
raised at the hearing seemed to focus on 
three points: 

l)the validity of existing consents for 
the election of a suffragan; whether or 
not the election of a suffragan would 
require new consents; 

2) the time that the Bishop intended to 
serve after the election of a Coadjutor; 

3) the nature of the process to be 
followed in the nominating of can- 
didates. 

The report noted that the Bishop had 
to retire at the age of 72, and cautioned 
any nominee against assuming that the 
Bishop would retire before then. 

"No suffragan" 

Shortly after Fanjoy had opened the 
floor to other comments, Bishop Fraser 
claimed "the privilege of the chair" to 
address the convention. 

"At this moment 1 am about as 
confused as 1 was disappointed by the 
May Convention. I was disappointed by 
the May Convention, and I tried as hard 
as I could to express myself clearly, but 
perhaps I wasn't clear enough." 

Obviously perturbed by the talk of a 
suffragan, Bishop Fraser left no doubts 
in anyone's mind about his own 
position. 

"I think I've said as clear as a bell — a 
suffragan is no option. I've said it to the 
clergy and to the laity. I've been involved 
in 18 elections, either as a nominator or 
as a bishop, and I know what I'm doing 
in calling for a coadjutor. I don't want a 
suffragan — period. And there's no point 
in discussing that any further..." 

Speaking to the question of time, the 
Bishop explained that shortly after the 
162nd Convention approved the $2 
Million Diocesan Campaign last year, he 
had received a telephone call warning 
him that the campaign would be en- 
dangered if people thought he was 
planning to resign immediately after the 
election of a coadjutor. "I had no other 
options," he explained. "I had to come 
up with some variable and so I came up 
with that smart-alecky psychologically 
prepared to serve for nine years' • 
statement, and in retrospect ' that may •" 
not have been very helpful." 

"But only four candidates raised the f 
time issue, and I communicated ' 
honestly with all four and was assured 
by each that they understood my 



position completely. 

"I'm not going to set a date because I 
really don't know. But I am going to be 
64 years old soon, and you folks who 
think you're going to keep me here until 
I'm 72 are dead wrong. 

"Now the man you are electing will be 
your bishop, and I hope we get 
somebody truly called to be a bishop. 
Keep in mind that when you stand up 
there at the consecration and are asked, 
'Do you believe that God has called you 
to the office of bishop?' you want to be 
able to say, 'Yes, I was called. ' not 'Yes, 
I campaigned.' 

"The question of time is really 
irrelevant in a way since the next man 
can only have one calling, and that 
calling must be to the office of coadjutor. 

"We hope he will eventually become 
diocesan, but he may not. A lot of 
coadjutors have been buried by 
Diocesans, and anything can happen. 
The important thing is that the next 
bishop be someone who is called to be 
your coadjutor." 

With regard to the election procedure, 
Bishop Fraser declined to comment, 
saying only "I've said my piece. It's your 
bishop; you choose the way you want to 
elect him." 

This time the delegates appeared 
ready to do just that. Gone was the 
uncertainty and confusion which had 
characterized their response earlier that 
morning and at the hearing the night 
before. 

In a sudden burst of decisiveness, a 
dozen or more lay and clerical delegates 
hammered together a resolution calling 
for the creation of an 18 member 
nominating committee "without delay" 
which will submit "a list of not less than 
five nominees for the office of Bishop 
Coadjutor" to a Special Convention for 
the election "to be held in the fall of 

see Convention, p5 




The Rt. Rev. Thomas Augustus Fraser 



calendar 



FEBRUARY 1979 



M T W T I 

1 : 

8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 



1— Parochial Deadline: Parochial 

reports due in diocesan secretary's office. 
6— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

meeting, 10 a.m. 
7— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
9— Youth: Ecumenical Youth Conference 

meets at Betsy-Jeff Penn February 9-11. 
13— Clericus: The Sandhills clericus will 

meet at 10 a.m. 
13— Parish Grant Committee: Com 

mittee will meet at 10:30 a.m. 
13— Commission on Ministry: Com 

mission will meet February 13 and 14. 
15— Deadline: Deadline for March issue of 

The Communicant. 
15— Campus ministry conference: A 

mid-day conference for clergy and laity 

concerned with the church's ministry on 

the campus. 9:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. at the 

Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill. 
21— Clericus: The Charlotte clericus will 

meet at 12:30 p.m. 



MARCH 1979 



M T W T l 

1 : 

8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 



6— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

will meet at noon. 
6— Episcopal Churchwomen: Worship 
Retreat scheduled at The Terraces March 6 
and 7. 
9 — Marriage Encounter: Episcopal 
Marriage Encounter Weekend March 9-11. 
For more information, contact Joe & 
Marian Pollard, 770 Six Forks Road, 
Raleigh, NC, 27609. (919)787-4662. 

13— Clericus: The Sandhills clericus will 
meet at K)a.m. 

15— Deadline: Deadline for the April 
issue of The Communicant. 

21— Clericus: The Charlotte clericus will 
meet at 12:30 p.m. 

29— Cursillo: Men's Cursillo at Betsy-Jeff 
Penn Center in Reidsville, NC. Beginning 
at 7:00 p.m. on Thursday and ending at 
7:00 p.m. on Sunday, April 1. For more 
information, contact Fred Wedler, 2317 
Princess Ann Rd., Greensboro, NC, 
27408. 



Cursillo 

(from p. 12) 

I won't try to tell you what being in a 
Cursillo is like. It has to be experienced; 
it cannot be briefly described. There are 
occasions during the weekend which are 
very solemn and serious. There are 
other occasions which are downright 
hilarious. There are many surprises. 

The important thing is that what is 
being communicated comes from the 
very center of the Christian tradition. It 
Is not "liberal" or "conservative" or 
"evangelical" or "charismatic" or 
"Catholic" or "Protestant." It. speaks to 
all of these traditions. Cursillo comes 
close to being "traditionalist," but that 
label is much too small for it. 

What has been crucial to me has been 
the change that has taken place in my 
point of view. 

Before Cursillo I saw the Church as a 
corrupt institution, incapable of 
upholding its ideals. Now I see it not 
merely as an institution but as the Body 
of the risen Christ, composed of its 
members, raised triumphant from 
despair and death, to be the sole and 
sufficient help for a world which is 
broken and corrupt. 

I see myself as being a member of the 
Body of Christ and, therefore, as being 
called to function actively as a member 
of my parish. I accept myself as a child 
of God who is loved by Him not one bit 
less than my more successful colleagues 
and not one bit more than the winos in 
the bus station. 

I pray continually— for the salvation of 
those who live in despair, for those who 
live in hope, for those who love me, for 
those who don't, for my own soul, and 
for those who have died. Does all that 
prayer accomplish anything? All I can do 
is compare life as I knew it without 
prayer to life with prayer; I keep on 
praying. 

1 have come to see that to live in the 
Christian faith, I must continually grow 
in it, and that requires the regular habit 
of study, especially the study of Holy 
Scripture. 

I don't see myself as sent by God to 
convince anyone of anything. My job is 
to care about those I meet and to try to 
love them as Jesus Christ loves me. It is 
in that Spirit that I offer you this witness 
to my experience. 



The author is a chemist with the 
Environmental Protection Agency and a 
member of St. Phillip's Episcopal 
Church, Durham, N. C. 



The way things were 20 years ago 

History — from p. 1 



credits Bishop Fraser with getting the 
diocese stirred up both within the parish 
church and without — in the mission 
field. 

Julian H. Robertson, a lay delegate 
from St. Luke's, Salisbury, who sang in 
the choir at St. Peter's, Charlotte, before 
moving to Salisbury in 1925, has 
watched and helped guide the course of 
the Episcopal Church through many 
years and many changes. Not only does 
he see more concern now with social 
issues and with liturgy, but he has 
watched a bureaucracy develop both in 
parishes and in the diocese. 

The elections of Baker and Fraser 
precipitated this organizational 
development. Baker's predecessor, the 
Right Rev. Penick, had been a solitary 
leader with little or no staff and a one- 
room office at St. Mary's College. 

As Hunt Williams recalls, when Baker 
became diocesan bishop, he stimulated 



the Convention to look at the structure 
of the diocese. He sought to open the 
Convention and let the people assume 
responsibility for the direction of the 
church. 

At the Convention of 1962, a report 
from the committee that had spent three 
years studying the diocesan 
organization led the Convention to take 
action that, according to Fraser, "moved 
the Diocese into new directions, new 
programs, and new styles of leadership 
as we faced a period of change." 

Now, as the Church stands at the 
beginning of another era of change, the 
Diocese must once again search for a 
bishop, one who will help chart its path 
in the years ahead. 



Judy Lane is a member of St. John's 
Church, Charlotte, and the editor of the 
St. John's Newsletter. 




"Convention adjourned!" 



Convention — from p. 4 

1979, preferably in the month of Oc- 
tober." 

Originally authored by Marion Follin, 
the resolution as amended provides for a 
Nominating Committee consisting of 
one lay person and one clergyman from 
each of the five convocations, two 
members of the Standing Committee, 
four members of the Diocesan Council, 
and two members to be appointed by 
the Bishop "to correct any imbalance in 
the Nominating Committee." 

Noting that the resolution still leaves 
open the possibility of nominations from 
the floor of the Special Convention, 
Bishop Fraser observed, "I don't think it 



could possibly be more open. My lawyer 
friends would probably think I'm crazy, 
but this is the way I really think we 
should go." 

Amended five times, the resolution 
was put to a vote and passed 
unanimously as the delegates burst into 
spontaneous applause. 

After brief reports on the work of the 
Diocesan Youth Commission by 
Commission members Phil Palmer, 
Anne Pearson, and Steve Miller, and 
some last minute parliamentary 
housekeeping, the 163rd Convention of 
the Diocese of North Carolina adjourned 
at 12:30 p.m., and the delegates headed 
for home. 



The Communicant-Februar 



^^ editorial 

The other six days 

Lay ministry is a lot like the weather— people talk a great deal 
about it but seem unable to do anything to bring it about. This 
situation may change if the church will heed an interesting 
suggestion offered by Bishop Fraser two weeks ago in his opening 
address to the 163rd Diocesan Convention. 

The Bishop suggests that lay ministry is nothing more complicated 
than " people using their native talents for God and His church." 
This does not mean converting an engineer into a preacher; rather it 
means recognizing his vocation as an engineer as his ministry, and 
understanding that ministry in the context of the Christian faith." 

Now this is certainly a sensible point of view, particularly if we 
remind ourselves that for most people, Sunday is the only day on 
which they gather before the altar with other members of the 
Christian community. The rest of the week the community of the 
faithful lives in dispersion, its members scattered through cities and 
towns. Only to the extent that the church goes with its people to 
job-site, schoolroom, workplace and home can it claim to exist 
during the other six days of each week. 

With all of its talk about leaven and salt, not to mention 'beingjn 
but not of this world', the gospel doesn't seem to leave us much 



sharing silently 



^y the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

It may seem a small rhino to some, 
ut it vvas a very frustrating experience 
j deaf Episcopalians attending our 
)'.o:esan Convention in Raleigh this 
lonth. 

We had "front-row seats." which was 
ery nice, but our interpreter had U: sit 
few feet in front of the front row in 
rder to be seen. The frustration was 
a used by other members of the 
onvention who constantly walked 
etween the interpreter and the people 
atching her. 

Some did mumble "excuse me." not 
ealizing that their bodies were 
reaking the sight line of com- 
munication for the deaf person. The 
roblem was finally solved when I used 
stand and a chair to build a 'barrier' 
:r people to walk around (I also 
ireatened to 'trip' anyone who climbed 
ver it)! 

"But conventions are all the same", 
c cording to Mr. and Mrs. George 
4orrison, members of Ephphatha 
hurch in Durham. Amend, discuss, 
?solve — the same thing happens at 
inventions of deaf organizations. "The 
nly difference is that deaf people fight 
ke crazy during the debate, but then 
>ve each other just the same after it's 
11 over — hearing people seem to bear 
rudges!" Interesting, isn't it? 



Helen Dermott and Dorothy Eakes 
also attended, and enjoyed themselves 
very much. They said they learned a 
lot. too. I had to explain, for example, 
the difference between the Standing 
Committee, the Diocesan Council, and 
the Special Committee to prepare for 
the Election of a Coadjutor. It was 
especially exciting to be able to witness 
the institutions of the Church in action 
as they were being explained. 

As always, our interpreters got a 
workout! A church convention is 
almost as hard as courtroom in- 
terpreting, because everyone always 
wants to be very precise with their 
language, both in court and when 
discussing God's business! It was also 
hard sometimes to coordinate the 
printed material with what was being 
said up front, because deaf people 
can't read and listen' at the same time. 

Voting was a particularly emotional 
experience for us because, as an 
"unorganized missions", we are not 
permitted to vote in diocesan elections. 

We are few in number to begin with, 
and because we are spread out 
throughout the Diocese, we have not 
been able to obtain "organized" status. 
We hope to change that soon, if 
possible, by combining our forces into 
a "non -geographical" parish. To do that 
we will need all the support we can 
get. 



The COMMU NICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Charlene LeGrand 

Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



doubt about that. But such a view of things quickly runs afoul of all 
of our cherished notions about keeping "religion" separate from, say, 
politics or worse, business. 

These and many other subjects are the daily concerns of those 
people who fill up the pews once each week. The question, then, is 
not whether the church ought to be involved in something like the 
current struggle between labor and J. P. Stevens — its people are 
already involved by virtue of the work they do and the lives they 
lead Monday through Friday. 

No, the question for all of us who live and work in North Carolina 
is, as the Bishop suggests, a simple one: 'Do we understand our 
vocations in the context of the Christian faith?' And that is a 
question which should give us something to think about for at least 
six out of every seven days. CWB. 




letters 



ublished ten times a year (monthly, 
Kcept July, with a combined issue 
>r August /September), by the Epis- 
jpal Diocese of North Carolina. 
ubiication number (USPS 392-580) 
on-diocesan subscriptions are 
2.00. 

> 6 The Communicant-February. 1979 



Dear Editor: 

On behalf of St. Mary's College, I 
feel compelled to respond to the letter 
from the Rev. John N. Wall, Jr., in the 
December issue of The Communicant. 
St. Mary's President John T. Rice met 
with the Rev. Wall last week to discuss 
the situation, but we still want to clear 
up several points in his letter which 
might be misleading to members of the 
Diocese of North Carolina. 

First, the College did purchase a 
house in the Cameron Park neigh- 
borhood. St. Mary's 23-acre campus is 
locked in by streets on three sides, and 
this was one of four houses which 
adjoin the west side of the college 
property. The house had been declared 
an "unsafe residence" by the City of 
Raleigh, and St. Mary's chose to clear 
the land rather than spend the 
estimated $20,000 needed to restore 
it. 

Our Board of Trustees made the 
decision to try to acquire this ad- 
ditional land because of the changing 
future of women's education. The 
exact use of the land may not be 
determined for many years, but it was 
felt that St. Mary's could suffer from 
being landlocked as the school and its 
programs grow. With real estate prices 
going up, the Board decided to pur- 
chase the property while it was 
available instead of waiting until the 
need was desperate and the price 
inflated. Subsequent use of this land 
would be in keeping with the beauty of 
both the campus and the neigh- 
borhood. 

St. Mary's has never "pursued a 
policy of disrupting the Cameron Park 
neighborhood," as the letter said. Like 
other fine, inner-city neighborhoods, 
Cameron Park grew up around a 
college campus because it was a 
desirable neighbor. In fact, the original 
campus of St. Mary's area included all 
of what is now Cameron Park. As the 
residents of the neighborhood, we are 
vitally concerned with preserving its 
integrity, both for the safety of our 
students and for the beauty of the 
campus' surroundings. 

St. Mary's College is interested only 
in providing a quality education for 
young women in a Christian setting. 
We certainly have no "avowed policies 
of neighborhood destruction." It is the 
College's belief that enhanced facilities 
on an attractive, well-maintained 
women's campus would have a 
positive influence on any neigh- 
borhood. 

Sincerely, 

Susan Ross 

College Relations Director 

St. Mary's College 

Raleigh, NC 



Dear Sir: 

I am writing to you concerning your 
editorial regarding the WCC Grant to 
the Patriotic Front. 

While I am pleased that the 
Episcopal Church did not support the 
grant from the WCC, I can hardly 
agree with your backing the grant 
made to the Patriotic Front, a group 
whose main goal is not freedom for 
Rhodesia but control. The Patriotic 
Front is backed by that part of the 
non-Christian world whose goal is 
destruction of the Christian Church. 
The WCC with its donation, for 
whatever reason, is supporting its own 
destruction. 

In the future if the WCC wishes to 
feed the Starving, possibly sending the 
food through the Red Cross would 
assure that food and not guns would 
be received. And while the subject is 
being discussed, I wonder how much 
money has been sent to the refugees 
who have escaped from Angola and 
Mozambique whose hunger is also very 
real. 

Sincerely, 

John G. Riley 

Salisbury, N. C. 



Dear Editor: 

Although I'm attending college out of 
state, I still enjoy keeping up with the 
Episcopal church at home. 

I was very surprised and pleased 
with The (new) Communicant! I think 
you are doing an excellent job! 

Sincerely, 
Andrea MacNair 
Muncie, Indiana 

Dear Editor: 

With the arrival of the first copy of 
The Communicant, I wrote that I 
considered it to have the perfect title 
by which to present church news, 
especially to one who lives out in the 
county, unable to attend even locally 
on a regular basis, but greatly in- 
terested in knowing all happenings 
everywhere. 

Received on Saturday, this copy 
brought me such a wealth of reports 
from all organizations, it was avidly 
read from "kiver to kiver." Thanks for 
the enormous part you must have had 
in it. 

I just wanted to express my ap- 
preciation for giving me an up-to-date 
look at all Diocesan activities. 

With every good wish for future 
editions, I am 

Sincerely, 
Mary N. Hill 
Reidsville, N. C. , 
P.S. Just can't wait to hear convention 
news! 



Episcopalians in one dimension 



The Power of Their Glory 

by Kit & Frederica Konolige 
(Wyden:$12.95) 

By Huston Horn 

This is lip-smacking, gossipy, largely 
out-of-date, specious sociology posing 
as timely commentary on American 
society. Take it seriously and be taken 
in. What the book purports to show is 
that America's high-bom East Coast 
aristocracy has long tended to pledge 
, allegiance to the imported-from- 
England Episcopal Church, a statistical 
fact that may not take your breath 
away and one, at any rate, that 
present-day church statisticians regard 
as passe. 

But what the book contrives to show 
is that this so-called Episcopalian 
master class (historical has-beens such 
as J. P. Morgan and Stanford White; 
contemporary churchmen such as New 
York City's John Lindsay and Coming 
Glass' Amory Houghton) has been 
predominantly peopled through the 
ages by insufferably preppy, 
patronizing, boorish, bigoted, clubby, 
churlish and-or generally supercilious 
men and women; a group whose blue- 
blooded tail wags the mongrel 
Anglican dog despite the fact that 
religious convictions are as lightly held 
as stock certificates are tightly clen- 
ched. 

Well, given its English-countryside 
and Virginia-tidewater antecedents, the 
Episcopal Church doubtlessly has had 
a certain social allurement to prestige- 
seeking Americans all but indifferent to 
its theological tenets and disciplines. 
Some people buy their marmalade the 
same way. So here's to poking fun at 



books^ 




sham and deflating puffed-up 
pretension wherever you find it, and 
here's to deeper spiritual sincerity. But 
what is the purpose of this book? 

To prick the pride of the rich and 
the powerful by exposing their fatuous 
ways to the rest of us? A pity to have 
confined that possibly worthwhile 
undertaking to Episcopalians only, 
there certainly being as many 
redeemable rich outside the fold as 
within it. Of course the book's more 
limited intention may be to reform 
errant Episcopalians only and thus to 
lead the master class back to the 
Master's ways. Then hats off to the 
corrective authors. They have 
shouldered a much-needed homiletical 
task and taken some of the burden off 
the Rt. Rev. John Allin, Episcopalians' 
hard-pressed presiding bishop. 

Less lofty objectives are not out of 
the question. A compendium of well- 
known names, loosely associated by 
eyebrow-lifting anecdotes and in- 
nuendos to religious respectability, is 
conceivably a marketable package. It is 
inconceivable to me that it is the basis 
for a good book, but the authors seem 
to have been game to prove me wrong. 

I have speculated how books like 
this one (if there are any others like it) 
are produced. A list of recognizably 
pedigreed names is culled from various 
social, financial, political and police- 
blotter sources. Research then 
proceeds to locate whatever scandals, 
skeletons, unguarded remarks, haughty 
airs, shady deals or compromising 
rumors may be connected to each. But 



before the name can be certified good 
enough for the card file, a last detail 
must be established, perhaps with an 
attendant little prayer: "Please, Lord, 
let him-her be an Episcopalian." (In the 
book at hand, God was not always 
obliging, a circumstance that did not 
necessarily discourage the authors. 
Among the book's patrician characters 
are a sprinkling of Baptists, 
Presbyterians and what-have-yous who 
supposedly act like Episcopalians— a 
behavior disorder the authors 
repeatedly describe as "Episcocratic," 
an epithetic coinage I, for one, quickly 
wearied of reading). 

I think the feel of this book— which 
suffers, I'm afraid, the myopia of 
midtown Manhattan— may emerge 
from a few examples of its eclectic 
contents. Here goes. J. P. Morgan 
once said that whereas he was in full 
accord with his rector's desire to 
democratize the Episcopal Church at 
large, he drew the line at the parish 
vestry: "I want it to remain a board of 
gentlemen whom I can ask to meet me 
in my study." Kenneth Auchincloss, 
the editor of Newsweek, is an 
Episcopalian. (And a one-time editor of 
Time, T. S. Matthews, was ditto!) The 
bishop of Massachusetts sits on the 
board of Coming Glass. The church's 
attitude toward money is: "It is 
wonderful to have, but debasing to 
make." Attorney Whitney North 
Seymour escorted Princess Margaret to 
a London Garden party in 1971. 

Of 18 cabinet officers and other top 
executives appointed by Jimmy Carter, 



four were Episcopalians: "The most 
ennobling of Episcocratic sports has 
always been yachting." Episcopal prep 
schools matriculate smug little boys 
and graduate smug little men. Fortune 
magazine found in 1976 that in fully 
one third of all cases, the chief 
executive officers of investment 
banking firms were Episcopalians. 
Former Senate Minority Leader Hugh 
Scott "left office in 1977 under a cloud 
of a number of scandals." He's one, of 
course. 

If there is any cause-and-effect 
relationship to be divined between 
such revelations and the ethos of the 
Episcopal Church, the authors either 
did not discover it or impishly kept it 
to themselves. 

To the extent that the public was " 
waiting for this bouncy book to be 
written, the wait is over and it is as 
definitive a treatment of the subject as 
can be imagined. Those who wish to 
know if their club, their school, their 
bank, their family, their news 
magazine, their art museum, their law 
firm, their board of directors, their 
sailboat, their neighborhood or their 
bishop rated a mention in the 
Konoliges' book may possibly want to 
read it. 



Huston Horn, who has written for 
Sports Illustrated and Time-Life Books, 
is a priest in Episcocratic Pasadena. 

Reprinted with the permission of The 
Los Angeles Times. 



The Laity: 
An endangered species? 

By Betty and William Gray 

...(The Episcopal Church) offers the 
searching, liberal worshiper a theology 
of personal conviction and community 
concern, drama in liturgy and 
rationalism in theology. Its historic 
appeal has been to the educated, 
professional population which has been 
on the increase in this country... Why 
has the Episcopal Church ceased to 
grow? 

The Episcopal Church structure is 
modeled on a European monarchical 
system with the bishop as king, the 
rector as overlord, and the 
congregation as citizens (serfs). 
Through canon law the church gives 
authority to its clergy. The rector can 
veto any decision of the laity, and a 
parish cannot dismiss its rector 
without a great deal of difficulty. 
Dissidents can form a new 
congregation, but unless it pleases the 
bishop, it cannot be an Episcopal 
church. There is no way for the laity to 
redress grievances. The only response 
is to grin and bear it — or leave. 

Disenfranchisement of the laity 
exists at the diocesan (state) and 
General Convention (national) levels, 
too. Theoretically, the U.S. Congress 
provides the democratic pattern for the 
House of Bishops and the House of 
Deputies, the policy-setting and law- 
making bodies of General Convention. 
But whereas the U.S. Senate and 
House are made up of directly elected 
public representatives, the House of 
Bishops seats every bishop of the 
Episcopal Church, including retirees. 
All have been elected by so-called 
representative bodies — diocesan 
conventions — not by direct vote of the 
membership. The House of Deputies, 



how others see us 



also elected by diocesan conventions, 
is made up of four clergy and four lay 
members from each diocese. Already 
the total representation is three-fourths 
clergy, one-fourth laity. Add the fact 
that members of religious orders are 
elected as laity, and the problem of lay 
representation becomes clear. 

At the diocesan level, each parish is 
represented by a certain number of 
laity based on varying mathematical 
formulas and the number of clergy 
lawfully registered in the diocese. In 
the diocese of New York, for example, 
this includes some 200 nonparochial 
clergy who have only tenuous 
congregational ties. At the 1977 
diocesan convention, clergy out- 
numbered the laity. 

General Convention has taken 
progressive actions in Prayer Book 
revision and the ordination of women, 
but the changes have been hard fought 
and slow in coming. The church did 
allow lay participation in rewriting the 
Prayer Book, including 12 years of 
congregational experimentation and a 
committee to remove sexist language. 

General Convention has approved 
the first reading and likely will give the 
second approval in 1979, making the 
book official. However, the church's 
presiding bishop, John M. Allin, is 
among those who wish to retain the 
former book. They cannot bring 
themselves to worship in the language 
they and the people speak, but prefer 
to continue the English heritage that 
has already prevented the Church from 
moving forward in the American 
culture. 

A similar situation obtains con- 
cerning the ordination of women. 
Though a canon authorizing the or- 
dination of Episcopal women as priests ' 



and bishops has passed the General 
Convention, and more than 100 
women are serving in the priesthood, 
the presiding bishop has declared that 
as a matter of conscience he cannot 
abide by the decision. 

This conflict between the old-style 
hierarchy and the new-style democracy 
seems to be one of the prime problems 
for a European-connected church. 
Because of structure, it cannot fully 
employ the clear actions of the 
Americanized denominations, and it 
cannot coerce the support of 
enlightened congregations. The 
leadership hesitates to move con- 
fidently toward modem theology and 
refuses to give up its autocratic power 
of veto and noncooperation. But it 
cannot bring the people in the pew to 
commit themselves to its nonprogram. 

If the mainline churches fail to 
enliven and strengthen their mem- 
bership, what will happen to modem 
Christians— to those concerned with 
evolving creation, biblical criticism, and 
social action? Presently, Episcopal 
Church leadership seems to be 
responding to this question by trying to 
incorporate elements of fun- 
damentalism and evangelistic ex- 
pression, and to embrace charismatics 
and fundamentalists who have never 
had any currency in Anglicanism. This 
is probably a mistake on the part of 
church bureaucrats sensitive to , 
criticism that they are losing members 
because they are not "spiritual." Such 
strategy probably won't succeed, for 
the fundamentalists are narrow, elitist 
Christians. Their thrust is against 
those who cannot adhere to the 
doctrinaire requirements of biblical 
literalism. 

Findings of recent Gallup polls 



suggest that mainline church people 
are not "spiritual" enough, and that 3 
percent of the population — some 6 
million people — claim to be members 
of the Episcopal Church. 

They have not gone elsewhere; they 
are waiting. The church cannot be 
guided by "popularity" polls, but it can 
and should be led by those policies 
that an enlightened clergy and laity 
properly balanced bring forth from 
their counsels. 

The cure to church ills is a structural 
revision to give more responsibility, 
information, and preparation to Jhe 
laity, and to bring the roles of laity and 
clergy into closer balance. The 
Episcopal Church should hold strongly 
to the broad, liberal view of religious 
life that abjures extremism and elitism. 
It should remind its people that 
creation is continuous, that they are 
actors in that drama and that they are 
free of all religious obligations save 
two — those embodied in the great 
commandment: to love God with all 
their hearts, and to love their neighbors 
as themselves. Also, a major effort 
should be made to re engage the 
commitment, creativity and enthusiasm 
of those Episcopalians who remain 
within the church as well as those 
who, though distant, still seem to 
profess their church loyalty by claim of 
membership, if not by active in- 
volvement. 

Betty Gray is associate editor of 
Response, national magazine of United 
Methodist women. William Gray is 
director of communications. Trinity 
Parish (Episcopal). New York City. 

Copyright 1979 by the Christian 
Century Foundation. Reprinted by 
permission from the January 24. 1979. 
issue of The Christian Century. 

The Communicant-Februan,' 1979-, 



Delegates pass resolutions 



Printed below are the full texts of 
three resolutions which were passed at 
the 163rd Diocesan Convention in 
Raleigh and not printed in the January 
Communicant. 

Other resolutions considered by 
convention are to be found in the 
January 1979 issue of The Com- 
municant, page 9. 

Diocesan institutions 

WHEREAS, the Diocese of North 
Carolina is the location of several 
Episcopal related institutions not under 
the control of the Diocese who report to 
this Convention, and 

WHEREAS, The Diocese of North 
Carolina wants to, and of a right should, 
help nuture these institutions, and 

WHEREAS, there is no direct 
communication facility between these 
institutions, the Diocese, and the 
Council, except through their annual 
reports at Convention, 
NOW THEREFORE BE IT 
RESOLVED that the Council should 
extend invitations annually to such 
institutions which report to Convention, 
to appear if they wish at a Council 
Meeting for a review of their program 
facilities, finances, program and such 
other matters as may please the said 
institutions or the Council, and 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that 
the Consitution and Canons Committee 
of this 163rd Convention initiate 
necessary changes so that the Com- 
mittee on Institutions is appointed at the 
Convention prior to the year they will 
serve in order to facilitate a more 
thorough review of their reports and 
conditions before Convention as well as 
to afford members of the Committee the 
opportunity to visit the institutions, if 
deemed helpful, prior to the Convention 
in which they report. 

Nomination committee 

WHEREAS, The Bishop of the 
Diocese of North Carolina has called for 
the election of a Bishop Coadjutor for 
the Diocese, and 

WHEREAS, the Committee on the 
Address of the Bishop has now reported 



Beatty's death mourned 

After a full and well spent life of 
service, the Rev. Clyde Edward Beatty 
died on Friday. February 2, 1979, at his 
home in Raleigh. He was 47. 

Bom and educated in Wilmington, he 
did his undergraduate work at St. 
Augustine's College in Raleigh, before 
going on the pursue his theological 
education at Virginia Theological 
Seminary in Alexandria. Va. 

He began his parish ministry as priest- 
in-charge of five small missions in the 
Diocese of East Carolina, before serving 
churches in Portsmith and Suffolk 
Virginia. 

In 1958 he married the former 
Celestine Rogers of Raleigh. Called to 
serve as college chaplain at St. 
Augustine's, his strong and resonant 
voice reminded all who heard of the 
living presence of God. 

In recent months he had entered into a 
team relationship with the Reverend 
Arthur Calloway, rector of St. Ambrose, 
and his presence was welcomed by the 
St. Ambrose family. 

He is survived by his wife and three 
children, Clyde E., HI, Wayne Edwin and 
Carolyn Elaine, as well as a host of 
relatives and friends and an in- 
ternational community he loved and 
gave his life's talents and means to 
serve. 



on the hearings held on the evening of 
January 26, 1979, pertaining to the 
election of a Bishop Coadjutor, and 

WHEREAS, it is the apparent will of 
the Convention that such an election be 
realized. 

NOW THEREFORE BE IT 
RESOLVED that an eighteen-member 
committee be established for the 
purpose of receiving nominations for the 
office of Bishop Coadjutor of this 
Diocese and for gathering information 
concerning the possible nominees, and 
submitting the same as information to 
the Convention a list of not less than five 
nominees for the office of Bishop 
Coadjutor of the Diocese of North 
Carolina, and 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that 
the election of one of these nominees, or 
one of any others who may be 
nominated from the floor of a Special 
Convention for the election, the same to 
be held in the fall of 1979, preferably in 
the month of October, and 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that , 
aforesaid eighteen-member Nominating 
Committee consist of: one lay person 
and one clergyman from each of the five . 
Convocations in the Diocese (the 
electing body in each case to consist of 
the delegates to this 163rd Annual 
Convention); two members of the 
Standing Committee, elected by it; four 
members of the Diocesan Council, 
elected by it; two members to be ap- 
pointed by the Bishop to correct any 
imbalance in the Nominating Com- 
mittee, and 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that 
the President of the Standing Com- 
mittee be authorized and directed to see 
that the aforesaid eighteen-member 
Nominating Committee is established 
without delay, and 

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that 
the delegates and alternatives to the 
aforesaid Special Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina be elected 
and certified to the Secretary of the 
Diocese no later than April 30, 1979. 



Ministry 




Campaign starts 2nd million 



WHEREAS, the Resolution on 
Preparation for Ordination to the Sacred 
Ministry (Resolution No. 6) presented to 
the 162nd Diocesan Convention called 
attention to serious problems in over- 
supply of clergy and in the ways in which 
the leadership of our Church is currently 
being trained; and 

WHEREAS, the Council for the 
Development of Ministry of the national 
church has recently published a report 
on the over-supply of clergy which 
includes considerable information and 
specific recommendations on training 
for ordination more comprehensive in 
scope than those in the resolution 
referred to above; and 

WHEREAS, the Board for 
Theological Education is currently 
studying standards and curricula in the 
Diocesan Schools of Theology and is 
expected to issue a report soon which 
may contain further recommendations: 

THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED 
that this 163rd Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina memorialize 
the 66th General Convention of the 
Episcopal Church to give high priority to 
these two major reports of the Council 
for the Development of Ministry and to 
implement those recommendations 
which will assist in strengthening the 
educational process leading to or- 
dination in the Episcopal Church. 



RALEIGH-The $2 Million Campaign 
has passed the half-way mark, ac- 
cording to a tally of pledges made at the 
163rd Diocesan Convention here in late 
January. Seventy parishes placed 
pledges worth more than $1,117,000 in 
the collection plates at the eucharist held 
late Friday afternoon. The pledges were 
recorded at a working session of the 
Campaign Finance Committee held 
during the Convention dinner recess, 
and the total amount was announced to 
convention delegates at a special 
hearing Friday night. 

The Campaign, which is scheduled to 
run through June, also received the 
enthusiastic support of the youth of the 
Diocese. Speaking near the close of the 
Convention, Diocesan Youth Com- 
mission member Phil Palmer, of St. 
Paul's Church, Winston-Salem, an- 
nounced that the youth of the diocese 
were committed to raising $20,000 as 
their fair share of the Diocesan Cam- 
paign. 

In addition, ECW President Scott 



Evans told convention delegates that 
she planned to ask for a pledge of at. 
least $100,000 from the ECW at its 
annual meeting in May. 

"I believe they will accept it," she said 
in her report to the Convention. "I 
believe they can surpass it." 

With forty-five churches still to be 
heard from, the campaign office is 
optimistic that the campaign will reach 
its $2 million goal by the June target 
date. 

Both the Finance Committee and the 
Camp and Conference Center Com- 
mittee have scheduled meetings this 
month to plan the second phase of the 
Campaign. 

Authorized last year by vote of the 
162nd Diocesan Convention, 
Campaign grew out of the commitment 
of the churches of the diocese to raise 
$1.4 million for the construction of a 
camp and conference center on 
diocesan-owned property just north of 
Greensboro, and $600,000 for the 
Diocese's Venture In Mission. 



Election results 



Below are printed the names of people 
elected to diocesan offices at the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention in Raleigh last 
month. 

Elected to the Board of Directors 
of the Episcopal Home for the 
Ageing were John Harden (Saint 
Andrew's, Greensboro), W. Clary Holt 
(Holy Comforter, Burlington), Ms. Laura 
L. Hooper (Saint Stephen's, Winston- 
Salem), the Rev. I. Mayo Little (Calvary 
Episcopal Church, Tarboro), and 
Thomas R. Payne (Saint Martin's, 
Charlotte). 

Also elected to the board were Mrs. 
Blanche Robertson (St. Luke's, 
Salisbury), Philip Russell (Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro), Mrs. Eugene Scott 
(Emmanuel Episcopal Church, Southern 
Pines), Charles M. Shaffer (Chapel of 
the Cross, Chapel Hill), and Lewis S. 
Thorp (Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount). 

Elected to The Standing Com- 
mittee were the Rev. John C. Mott 



(Holy Family, Chapel Hill), William K. 
Davis (St. Paul's, Winston-Salem), and 
Robert G. Tunell (St. Paul's, Cary). 

The Rev. Jacob A. Viverette, Jr., was 
elected President of the Standing 
Committee, Mr. Joseph B. 
Cheshire, Jr. was elected 
Secretary, and the Rev. Arthur J. 
Calloway was elected as the com- 
mittee's representative on the Diocesan 
Council. 

Elected to the Board of Trustees' 
of the University of the South was 
Edward McCrady (St. Francis, 
Greensboro). 

Elected to the Diocesan Council 

were the Rev. Joshua T. MacKenzie (St. 
Stephen's, Durham), the Rev. Williarr 
G. Price (St. Mary's, High Point), the 
Rev. Nicholson B. White (Chrisl 
Church, Charlotte), John P. Kennedy, 
Jr. (St. Matthew's, Hillsborough), Mrs. 
W. J. Long, Jr. (All Saints', Roanoke 
Rapids), and J. Claude Mayo (Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount). 



Page8-The Communicant-hebruaiy, 1979 



Mocese sponsors workshop on spiritual gifts 



lly Catharine Coolidge 

BURLINGTON-Three long weeks 
iad passed since Christmas, but some 
>mbers of St. Paul's, Cary, were still 
Doking for their gifts. Which explains 
vhy four of us braved freezing rain and 
justing winds to attend a workshop on 
dentifying Spiritual Gifts at Holy 
Comforter, Burlington, on Saturday. 
January 18. 

Sponsored by the diocesan Lay 
Training Committee, the workshop was 
?d by Pat Page, a real gift in herself. 
*age is the Director of Training for the 
National Institute of Lay Training 
■ILT), and she had left New York to 
Bend a day helping us to look at 
mrselves and our "gifts." 
The workshop began with an exercise 
hallenging our long-held stereotype 
hich distinguishes "real" ministers from 
ay ministers. We learned that a view of 
Tiinistry so narrowly focused upon the 
wdained clergy can blind us to the 
mowledge of our own gifts and acts of 
ministry. 

Under Page's direction, our group 
then turned to the Bible for a look at 
what Jesus's actions have to teach us 
about ministry. Our study of the Gospel 
of Mark helped us all to appreciate the 
simplicity of Jesus' ministry— one which, 
among other things, involved giving 
hope, listening, and praying with others, 
all of which are gifts we are capable of 
offering to each other. 

After a brief recess for lunch, some of 
it "liberated" from Holy Comforter's 




refrigerator, we spent the remainder of 
the afternoon exploring ourselves, our 
own gifts, and the ministries to which 
they may call us. 

Page suggested that gifts could be 
identified by three signs— it was 
something you did well, were proud of, 
and enjoyed doing. To have done 
something well and been proud of it 



certainly brought satisfaction, but to 
have also truly enjoyed doing it cast a 
different light on it. 

As I thought about this in the waning 
moments of the workshop, I realized 
that yes, I feel good about cleaning the 
house and do it well (when I do it), but 
the job is a grind and a source of little 
enjoyment for me. 



1 do love gardening, however, 
especially my annual Spring planting 
with a local kindergarten class. Clearly, 
by our society's materially-based notion 
of success, my singular passion doesn't 
amount to a hill of beans. But. 1 do it 
well, proudly, and with a great deal of 
enjoyment, and by these signs 1 know it 
as a gift— my gift— to be valued, nur- 
tured, and shared with others 

In closing, Page warned of the 
potential danger posed by rigid church 
structures which limit and sometimes 
block the exercise of gifts. Under those 
circumstances, for example, my gift of 
gardening might only find expression in 
the altar guild, and possibly wither there. 

The workshop concluded with a 
discussion of how we might return to 
our own parishes and teach others to 
identify, nurture, and use their gifts. The 
Church is a vast amoeba, according to 
Page, "stretching and moving to include 
and relish each person's gifts." Each of 
us brings to this life a package con- 
taining ourselves— a package gaily 
wrapped, to be opened anew each day. 
And that, according to Page, is really 
good news! 

The workshop was the first in a series 
of short training events for lay people 
planned and sponsored by the Lay 
Training Committee of the Diocese, in 
cooperation with the National Institute 
for Lay Training. 

Catharine Coolidge is a social worker 
and MATC trainer who does counseling 
and small group training with churches 
throughout North Carolina. 



Jane Gurry: From homemaking to homiletics 



By Tom Bradbury 

CHARLOTTE-When she graduated 
from the University of Mississippi in 
1953, Jane Todd had a chance to at- 
tend Yale Divinity School. But she 
chose instead to stay in Mississippi, 
teach, marry Ellis Gurry, and have a 
family. 

Now, 25 years later, their three 
daughters are almost grown; and the 
Gurry family has moved to Alexandria, 
Virginia, where Jane is in her middle 
year at Virginia Theological Seminary. 
She is one of the Diocese of North 
Carolina's four candidates for Holy 
Orders, and her goal is the priesthood 
and probably parish work. 

It has been a somewhat winding road 
for both Jane and Ellis. They spent 12 
years in Indiana— she as housewife and 
mother.and he as an industrial engineer. 
They moved to Charlotte in 1968 for 
him to go into engineering consulting 



"Everybody in the 
family has been 
involved in making 
the decisions about 
how we would move 
and how I would go 
back to school 
Everybody has had to 
make a lot of adjust- 
ments." 



work. With the children all in school, she 
returned to work — as a part-time worker 
in youth education at their church, 
Myers Park Baptist. Ellis earned a 
masters degree in counseling and moved 
from engineering to high school 
guidance. 

Jane, too, earned a master's in 
counseling, went to St. Peter's 
Episcopal Church as a part-time parish 
assistant in education, and did some 
consulting in Christian education for all 
Charlotte's Episcopal parishes. In 1975 
she joined the staff at St. Martin's 
Episcopal Church, first as a part-time 
Christian education director, then as a 
full-time parish assistant widely involved 
in the pastoral and educational work of 
the church. 

These were years of decision for her. 
Raised a Methodist, she was confirmed 
as an Episcopalian.lt was also a time of 
deciding whether her vocation lay in 
teaching, or counseling, or church work: 
"I decided to take a year to try to define 
what I felt my particular place, or gift, or 
skill, or call, or whatever was. I had to 
decide whether I really felt called to the 
priesthood. I did. That's what I felt my 
place was, that was the strongest, 
clearest place I felt." 

It was at St. Martin's that she began 
the process that, with parish help and 
sponsorship, led to her being accepted 
as a candidate for Holy Orders by the 
Bishop in November of 1975. She notes 
that the parish has been involved in each 
decision, some painful, some not. The 
congregations's gift to her as she ended 
her work as parish assistant was a 
scholarship fund that covered two-and- 
a-half semesters of her tuition. 

The parish continues to have a role in 
helping her, in validating her call: "I don't 
see myself as a free agent that God 



spoke to and said you have a call. That's 
always been defined for me in the midst 
of community." 

She began her seminary study at 
Duke University Divinity School, which 
allowed her to commute so their middle 
daughter, Sara Lynn, could finish high 
school in Charlotte. This past fall, the 
family moved to Alexandria for her to 
take her final two years of seminary at 
VTS. 

"Everybody in the family has been 
involved in making the decisions about 
how we would move and I would go 
back to school. Everybody has had to 
make a lot of adjustments. Sometimes I 
think that it's harder on me than on 
anybody else, simply because I still don't 
live comfortably with being the one 
whose vocation is the impetus for a lot 
of change." 

There have been moments when it 
seemed to me like it was too hard, surely 
I was not called to do this and surely I 
was totally mistaken about the whole 
thing. But in the process of working on 
that, talking about it, praying about it, 
and living through it — the process of 
doing that has just really been 
powerful... I just wouldn't have missed 
it." 

What impresses me in all of the 
courses I have had is the extrordinarily 
dedicated, committed professors. What 
I would really like to say about someone 
like (Theology Professor) Charlie Price is 
he is just a very passionate man. He is 
very quiet but passionate: he really 
believes what he's teaching." 

Her course load is heavy in the 
traditional core subjects: Biblical 
studies, theology, ethics. Because of her 
extensive background in Christian 
education — she has served on the 
Christian education staff at Kanuga and 
on the Diocesan Christian education 
committee — she was waived out of the 



mandatory Christian education course. 
In its place she will put a theology 
course. She will use the relative freedom 
of the senior year for a heavy emphasis 
on Biblical studies. The curriculum also 
includes about 12 hours a week of field 
work, in her case at Christ Church, in a 
Capitol Hill neighborhood that ranges 
from the affluent to the poor. 

She sees this principally as a time "in 
which I am allowed to look at the basic 
assumptions out of which I live every 
day and out of which the church lives. 
Instead of thinking about where I'd like 
to go, I'm trying to see what is it that 
really matters, and why. 

Tom Bradbury is Associate Editor of 
the Charlotte News, and a member of 
St. Martin's Church, Charlotte. 




Jane Gurry, one of the Diocese's four 
candidates for holy orders, is now in her 
middler year at Virginia Theological 
Seminary. 



Labor and J. P. Stevens: 




By Bill Somplatsky-Jarman 

Often in movements for social justice 
the issues at stake emerge in the lives of 
individual people. Such is the case with 
the life of Rev. Joseph Williams and his 
efforts to achieve justice at J. P. 
Stevens. Rev. Williams began working 
at Stevens in Roanoke Rapids. North 
Carolina, in 1969. He also pastored a 
small church outside of town— a 
congregation whose situation epitomized 
the plight of many North Carolinians. 
Heavily dependent upon the textile 
industry, their social setting was marked 
by bad housing, fewer doctors available, 
low levels of spending for public 
education, high illiteracy and infant 
mortality rates, and income levels below 
the poverty line. Both North and South 
Carolina score poorly on these measures 
of the quality of life— all below national 
norms. 

Beyond that, many were employed at 
J. P. Stevens' seven textile plants. Here 
they became the victims of what 
fourteen southern ministers called "a 



a 

For fifteen years, 

the efforts of workers 

to exercise their legal 

and moral rights 

were met fay 

company intimidation, 

harassment, coercion, 

threats, discrimination, 

illegal firings, arid 

bad-faith bargaining. 

cruel system of low wages, slender 
benefits, and debilitating working 
conditions." One week paid vacation, 
only four paid holidays, no sick pay, 
miniscule pensions based on a one-time 
lump sum profit sharing payment, wages 
one-third below the national average for 
industrial workers, exposure to ex- 
cessive noise and cotton dust levels 
resulting in hearing loss and Brown 
Lung disease were only the tip of the 
iceberg. What disheartened the textile 
workers even more was the absence of 
any real control over their fate and 
destiny. The only recoursejo such 
unfair treatment existed through 
organizing for purposes of collective 
bargaining, a process long recognized by 
national law and official statements of 
many religious bodies as a right of 
working people. 

For Rev. Williams, exercising this right 
proved costly. He became active in the 
drive to form a union. With this tool, the 
workers themselves could have a say in 
the decisions which affected their 
working lives. So he attended meetings, 
signed up fellow workers, preached 
about the union, and even spoke about 
it on the radio. In May 1973, he was 
fired by Stevens for his union activity. 

The next five years were marked by 
severe hardship. Rev. Williams was 
"blacklisted" by local employers and 
spent many months unemployed trying 
to support his family as best he could. 
Stevens had wanted to make an 
example of him. They succeeded, but 
not as they had anticipated. Admiring 
the courage of Rev. Williams, other 
workers found some of their own. 

In August 1974, a majority of. the 
3.500 Roanoke Rapids workers voted to 
be represented by a union. It appeared 




Although labor-management conflict has always been a volatile issue in the 
South, the current struggle between the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile 
Workers Union (ACTWU), and J. P. Stevens [ Co. is of particular concern to 
North Carolinians. 

All but four of the 83 plants owned by the nation's second-largest textile 
manufacturer are located in the South. 27 of them, more than a third, are in 
North Carolina, where the company employs 12.000 in the production of 
hosiery, sheets, towels, carpeting, and fabrics of wool, cotton, and synthetics for 
apparel, home funishings. and industry. 

According to the N.C. Employment Security Commission, the textile industry 
leads all others in the state in the value of industry shipments (more than $10 
billion in 1 976. the last year for which figures are available), and in the size of the 
workforce (255.700 as of November. 1978). Textile workers are among the 
country's lowest paid industrial workers, which may explain why North Carolina 
ranks last in the nation in industrial wages. 

Last year the Diocesan Convention passed a resolution calling upon "all 
communicants to become informed of the facts on both sides of this issue and 
then to decide on their own, as individuals, what, if any, action or position should 
betaken..." 

Late this fall. The Communicant contacted both ACTWU and J. P. Stevens 
and offered to provide space in its pages for position statements from both labor 
and management. The articles which follow were written for The Communicant, 
and have been printed unedited, just as they were received. 



that the efforts of workers like Rev. 
Williams would bear fruit. 

However, the Stevens Company 
thought differently. Contrary to its public 
declarations that it would respect the 
will of its employees, Stevens im- 
mediately began to frustrate the 
bargaining process. After several in- 
cidents of bad-faith bargaining, the 
union filed charges with the National 
Labor Relations Board. Following an 
initial investigation, the Board's Regional 
Director ordered Stevens to stand trial, 
an extensive process which led to a 
landmark decision by Administrative 
Law Judge Reis in December 1977. Reis 
concluded that Stevens was not only 
guilty of bad-faith bargaining, but that 
"(Stevens) sat, talked, proposed and 
listened for two years without the 
slightest intention of attempting to 
compose differences with the Union and 
reach a bargaining agreement." The 
good news of this December is that the 
full Labor Board has upheld Reis' ruling 
and even ordered additional remedies. 
Stevens, as usual, is appealing. 

Roanoke Rapids was also the site of a 
class-action suit charging Stevens with 
racial discrimination. Despite company 
denials, U. S. District Judge Dupree 
found Stevens guilty of massive racial 
discrimination in December 1975. This 
judgment was recently upheld by the 
Fourth Circuit Federal Court of Appeals. 
(A separate Federal Court judgment of 
massive discrimination at the Stanley, 
North Carolina, plant was upheld in 
January 1978.) 

However, Stevens' ability to thwart its 
employees' will at the bargaining table 
failed to prevent the vindication of Rev. 
Williams. In August 1977, the Second 
Circuit Federal Court of Appeals held 
Stevens in contempt for the second 
time. The judges branded Stevens "the 
most notorious recidivist in the field of 
labor law." Strong remedie were 
proposed, but Stevens appealed to the 
Supreme Court where they were denied 
a review. For Rev. Williams, the im- 
portant part of the contempt decision 
was a footnote ordering Stevens to put 
him back to work with full back-pay. 
Finally, after nearly five years of suf- 
fering. Rev. Joseph Williams went back 
to work. Greeting him at the gate were 
his union brothers and sisters. 

The story of Rev. Williams is dramatic 
but not unique. Since 1963, J. P. 
Stevens has been found guilty of 
hundreds of labor law violations in 
sixteen Labor Board decisions and been 
forced to pay over $1.3 million in back- 
pay to over 300 workers who were fired 
or discriminated against for exercising _ 
their rights. Three times the company 



has been held in contept by Federal 
Courts. More trials and decisions are 
pending. These cases have provoked the 
strongest legal language possible, and 
yet Stevens still refuses to obey the law. 
Even while their appeals are slowly 
winding their way through the courts, 
Stevens is facing trial for continued bad- 
faith bargaining at Roanoke Rapids. 

This is an important backdrop for the 
problems facing the workers. For fifteen 
years, their attempts to exercise their 
legal and moral rights were met by 
company intimidation, harassment, 
coercion, threats, discrimination, illegal 
firings, and bad-faith bargaining. The 
company remained content to break the 
law because it was less expensive than 
paying decent wages, providing 
adequate benefits, and treating em- 
ployees fairly. Until something could 
impact that basic stance, the rights of 
thousands of Stevens textile workers 
would be meaningless. 

Consequently, in 1976, the 
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile 
Workers Union launched a multi- 
pronged campaign to bring Stevens' 
unlawful and immoral conduct to an end 
and to achieve a measure of economic 
and social justice. Part of that campaign 
involved intensifying the traditional 
approaches through increased in-plant 
organizing and legal defense measures. 
New in the campaign were public ex- 
posure of the Stevens' story, a corporate 
campaign designed to hold the large 
stockholders and Board of Directors 
morally responsible for Stevens' 
violations of its employees' human 
rights, and a nationwide consumer 
boycott of J. P. Stevens products aimed 
at taking the profit out ofillegal and 
immoral corporate behavior. 

Within the religious community, the 
struggle for justice at Stevens became a 
top priority. Whether it was sponsoring 
shareholder proposals, passing 
resolutions of censure, or actively 
participating in boycott activities, 
numerous elements of the American 
religious community have responded to 
the plight of Stevens workers. 

One cannot underestimate the impact 
this has had. For Rev. Joseph Williams 
and thousands of other textile workers, 
it represents new hope for a better life 
and an awareness that the community 
of faith really does care about them. 

The Rev. William Somplatsky-Jarman. 
an ordained minister of the Christian 
Church (Disciples of Christ), has served 
as the Protestant Clergy Representative 
with the J. P. Stevens Boycott Cam- 
paign of ACTWU since 1976. 



Page 10-The Communicant-February. 1979 




ich side are you on ? 



I William F. Grubb, III 

-or more than fifteen years a union 
rjs wooed the employees of J. P. 
;>vens and Company, Inc., one of the 
lion's largest textile manufacturers, 
^rh singular lack of success. In twelve 
Titional Labor Relations Board 
c'nducted elections, those employees 
rve chosen to accept the union as 
Ijir bargaining agent only once. The 
iibility of the union to persuade these 
oployees that a union is needed by 
l3tn has resulted in some of the most 
1 iden t campaign efforts in labor 
Nations history. 

jFaced with an obvious lack of 
ithusiasm on the part of the 
(jnerican labor force for organized 
por, union leaders have focused on 
? Southeastern United States as the 
>a in which to build membership. 
ily about 20 percent of today's labor 
-ce is unionized, and membership 
s declined some 700,000 in the past 
I years. 
:|Since the textile industry is a 
iiminant part of the manufacturing 
hpulation of the Southeast, it has 
[come the initial target for 
iganization. J. P. Stevens then was 
t lected as the first textile company to 
I] organized. 

Stevens has more than 40,000 
nployees and 83 plants. Two thirds 
these employees and more than half 
the company's manufacturing 
cilities are located in North and 
auth Carolina. Studies show that the 
ages, pensions, benefits, and working 
mditions in Stevens plants stand with 
e best in the textile industry, which 
eludes 6,000 companies — union and 
jn-union— located in the North and 

DUth. 

Beginning in 1963, the Textile 
r/orkers Union of America initiated a 
ijrive to organize Stevens employees 
fith campaigns in some 40 locations 

t a cost of millions of dollars. As a 
iiart of the controversy, the union filed 
ilundreds of unfair labor practice 
Iharges which resulted in years of 
litigation. In 1976 the Textile Workers 
ijierged with the Amalgamated 
frothing Workers to form the 

Iimalgamated Clothing and Textile 
i/orkers Union. The new union im- 
lediately called for an international 
loycott of Stevens products and set 
(side a $15 million war chest to finance 
he continuing campaign to organize 
Itevens employees. 
\ Between 1965 and 1975 the union 
jailed for elections at fifteen Stevens 
Rations. Knowing that they could not 
j'in at three places, they withdrew 
leir petitions. In the other twelve, they 
;ere successful in winning a majority 
ote only at Roanoke Rapids, N. C, 
./here the company has seven plants. 
Since 1975 they have not sought an 
lection, opting instead to try to force 
nionization on Stevens employees by 
laving the NLRB or the courts order 
ecognition by the company and 
mployees. To this Stevens and many 
»f its employees have responded that 
uch a choice should be made only by 
jhe employees in a secret ballot 
pection. The company has challenged 
I he union repeatedly to such elections 
without avail. 



In compliance with an unprecedented 
court order, union organizers have 
been allowed in Stevens plants in the 
Carolinas since May 1978 to contact 
employees in non-work areas. Even 
with this additional access to em- 
ployees, the union apparently has not 
obtained majority support anywhere, 
for they have not yet requested an 
election! 

Stevens employees are the most 
important party in this controversy. 
They have stated over and over that 
they do not want to be represented by 
this union. They have spoken through 
their ballots, through newspaper letters 
and advertisements, on radio and 
television, through their churches and 
in every way open to them. 

These employees are not on strike 
anywhere, nor have they been. They 
do not support the union boycott; and 
they have never asked church or other 
outside groups to support a campaign 
that, if it succeeds, can only reduce 
the sales of products on which their 
livelihood depends. 

One of the loudest claims by union 
leaders is that it is not possible for 
Stevens employees to vote for the 
union because of company pressure 
and unfair labor practices. There have 
been a number of NLRB cases and 
court decisions against the company; 
and, of course, we wish these 
decisions had not been rendered. 

In many instances we believe that 
the facts do not support the NLRB 
conclusions, but we are making every 
effort to carry out the orders of the 
courts and the rulings of the Board. 
On May 24, 1978, the NLRB's 
General Counsel and Chairman in a 
letter to the union took note of the 
company's efforts in labor law com- 
pliance, withdrawing a petition for an 
injunction against tbe company and 
stating that the settlement of that 
matter "provides reasonable assurance 
that Stevens' employees will be free to 
exercise their statutorily protected 
rights without fear of unlawful 
reprisals." 

But you should know that there have 
been more than 200 unfair labor 
practice charges that have been ruled 
against the union and in favor of the 
company. Also there have been three 
significant court decisions that have 
been against the union and for 
Stevens. Unfortunately, you do not 
hear about these favorable rulings from 
those advocating the boycott, nor 
about the 25 labor board and court 
decisions against the union in the same 
span of time. 

In its major effort to effect a 
nationwide boycott of Stevens 
products, the union has a task force of 







40 or more individuals, including at 
least two ministers, who are going 
throughout the country seeking to 
persuade churches, minority 
organizations, schools, and civic 
groups to join the boycott. 

A few organizations and groups are 
responding to the union's call, but 
others are supporting the interests of 
the majority of the Stevens employees 
or standing neutral. These include: The 
American Baptist Churches. The 
Episcopal Church, The Lutheran 
Church of America, The National 
Baptist Convention, The National 
Council of Catholic Bishops, The 
Reformed Church in America, The 
Southern Baptist Convention, The 
United Methodist Church, The United 
Presbyterian Church, and The 
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. 

In recent weeks the Massachusetts 
Conference of the United Church of 
Christ, the South Wisconsin Diocese 
of the Episcopal Church, and the 
Waterbury, Conn., Area Council of 
Churches voted down resolutions 
urging support of the boycott. 

The Wall Street Journal on March 
24, 1978, commented that "The union 
has essentially lost its long fight to 
organize Stevens." In the June 1978 
issue of Fortune magazine, writer 
Walter Guzzardi, Jr., said "...the 
ACTWU has responded to the 
(company's) concessions at Roanoke 
Rapids by increasing its 
demands. ..That union recalcitrance at 
Roanoke Rapids raises the question 
whether, even as it presses bad-faith 
bargaining charges against the com- 
pany, the ACTWU really wants a 
settlement there at all." 

The union leaders are trying to make 
their boycott a cause for something 
they call "social justice." These leaders 
know they wouid get little support if 
they told the truth and said their 
boycott was to force union status on 
Stevens employees against their will. 

The Amalgamated Clothing Workers 
Union conducted a similar boycott 
against the Farah Manufacturing 
Company of El Paso, Texas, in 1972- 
74. Before the boycott, employment at 
that company was 10,000. Today this 
number has dropped to approximately 
3,000. In 1973, when Farah suffered a 
loss of $8.3 million, the union claimed 
full credit for that loss through its 
boycott efforts. The union now at- 
tempts, after the fact, to avoid 
responsibility for the consequences of 
the Farah boycott. 



a 

Churches are being 

asked to join and 

support a boycott 

which many 

church leaders see as 

punitive and harsh 

and totally lacking 

the spirit of 

reconciliation. 



Early in the Stevens boycott 
campaign, a union internal 
memorandum indicated it would "force 
the Company to its knees." Recently in 
one of its publications, the union 
headline stated "Wipe out J. P. 
Stevens in your community." 

It is difficult to believe that the same 
union leaders who make these 
statements have real concern for the 
40,000 jobs of Stevens employees, or 
the devastating results that their 
boycott could bring. 

Churches are being asked to join 
and support a boycott which many 
church leaders see as punitive and 
harsh and totally lacking the spirit of 
reconciliation. Should the campaign 
succeed, it can injure thousands of 
employees and their families- 
employees who are proud of their 
work, their products and their com- 
pany — and their local communities. As 
at Farah, the only victors would be the 
union leaders. 



Dr. Grubb is business systems 
designer in the Information Services 
Department of J. P. Stevens in 
Charlotte, N. C. 



The Communicant-February, 1979-Page 11 








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The COMMUNICANT 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



Volume 69, Number 3, March, 1979 



Lay training project begins in August 



RALEIGH— An exciting new venture 
will begin in August of this year when 
the Diocese enters into an agreement 
with the National Institute for Lay 
Training to begin training 40 lay 
leaders from small congregations. 

"The program will begin in the 
Northwest and Central Convocations 
and will be expanded to cover the 
entire diocese by 1980," according to 
Archdeacon Robert N. Davis, 
chairman of the Mission Strategy 
Committee which originally sponsored 
the proposal 

The program will train and equip lay 
leaders from small congregations so 
that they, in rum, will be able to train 
and support other laity in the practice 
of ministry in the church, community, 
home, and job. The pilot project is 
aimed at congregations with fewer 
than 300 communicants. This includes 

Elderly find 
Food, friends 
at St. Thomas's 
in Reidsville 




Kathy Melvin, site coordinator, talks 
with the older patrons at lunch. 

By Cecile S. Holmes 

REIDSVILLE— Their races and their 
ages differ, but the senior citizens who 
frequent the nutrition site at St. 
Thomas' Episcopal Church have a 
common cause— fellowship. 

When it began almost two years 
ago, the site's purpose was to provide 
hot, well-balanced meals to elderly 
persons. But since its inception, the 
church-sponsored nutrition program 
has accomplished even more as a 
caring community. 

The elderly citizens share common 
daily joys and sorrows, leam about 
their community together, and break 
bread with one another. The reasons 
they give for returning to the site each 
day are sprinkled with the wisdom and 
the wit that age seems to bring. 

"I enjoy the company, also the meal," 
Nettie Powell said. "We have a lot of 
activities up here, like arts and crafts, 
that I would not get if I stayed home." 

John Eddie Hutchins explained that 

he "definitely" enjoys the good food 

and confided that he comes "because 

there's a lot of old widow women up 

(see nutrition, p. 7) 



85 out of the total of 115 churches in 
the diocese. 

The program will be under the 
direction of Miss Patricia Page, 
Director of Training for the National 
Institute and Adjunct Professor of 
Christian Education at General 
Seminary, the home base of the In- 
stitute. 

It will be conducted in two 9-month 
phases. Phase I, beginning in late 
August, will equip students to identify 
and use their gifts for ministry, help 
them to build the mutual ministry of 
ordained and lay Christians, establish 
Biblical foundations for ministry, 
explore the world in which ministry 
takes place, and communicate the 



essence of Christian faith and life. 

Phase II will equip students to clarify 
the theological foundations of 
Christian faith and life, develop a base 
and methods for making Christian 
ethical decision, explore the 
possibilities and skills of the ministry of 
reconciliation and practice a particular 
area of ministry— lay pastoral care, 
witnessing in the business and cor- 
porate world, Bible study, evangelistic 
lifestyle. 

Each phase will include four 
weekend conferences, three one-day 
meetings on Saturdays, eleven local 
group meetings in the evening, four 
hours of independent study per week, 
and three projects in ministry in the 



local parish. 

The faculty, mentors, and super- 
visors of local congregational projects 
will be drawn from the clergy and laity 
of the convocations themselves. 

It is hoped that the cost for each 
student will be shared between the 
student and his or her congregation. 
Some scholarship aid will be available 
from the Diocese. 

It is expected that between now and 
August diocesan leadership for this 
important program will be assumed by 
members of the laity themselves. 

Questions concerning the program 
should be addressed to: The Venerable 
Robert N. Davis, P. O. Box 17025, 
Raleigh, N. C. 27619. 



Fantasy classic to air on CBS in April 

Episcopal Radio and TV Foundation sees dream come true 

ondttxMDROBe 



ATLANTA— C. S. Lewis fans and 
lovers of fairy tales will rejoice this 
Easter season when The Lion, the 
Witch and the Wardrobe is broadcast 
on the CBS Television Network. The 
two-part animated special will air April 
1 and 2 from 8-9 p.m. E.ST- each 
evening. 

Often called a "fairy tale for the 
whole family," The Lion, the Witch and 
the Wardrobe is the first of seven tales 
in Lewis's The Chronicles of Namia. 
The fantasy series, written in the 
1950s, is now more popular than 
ever— over a million copies of the book 
sold every year in the United States 
and England. 

The Lion, the Witch and the 
Wardrobe is the story of four 
children— Peter, Susan, Edmund, and 
Lucy — who, while visiting in the 
country, walk through a wardrobe into 
the magical land of Namia. Namia, 
they discover, is under the spell of the 
White Witch who makes it always 
winter and never Christmas. She keeps 
this kingdom of talking animal and 
mythical creatures under her control 
through her power to turn her op- 
ponents into stone. 

The children's presence in Namia is 
a real threat to the Witch, and she sets 
out to destroy them. 

The television adaptation of this 
classic story is the dream child of The 
Episcopal Radio-TV Foundation. 





Caroline Rakestraw, Executive 
Director, first heard about The 
Chronicles of Namia twenty years ago 
from Lewis himself when she was in 
London to supervise some recordings 
by the author. She read The Lion, the 
Witch and the Wardrobe on her return 
flight. 

"As I looked out the plane window," 
Dr. Rakestraw recalls, "I could actually 
see the land of Namia, Asian's 
country. As Lewis's printed words 
were transformed into pictures, I 
became excited about the possibility of 
seeing this fantasy on the TV screen 
and have been working towards that 
end ever since." 

After obtaining the worldwide film 
rights to The Chronicles of Namia 
from the trustees of the C. S. Lewis 
Estate, the Foundation entered into a 
production partnership with Children's 
Television Workshop, producers of the 
successful TV programs Sesame 
Street and The Electric Company. 

They decided to tell the first story, 
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe 
in a two-part animated television 



special which Kraft elected to sponsor 
for a prime-time showing. David 
Connell of Children's Television 
Workshop is the executive producer. 
Bill Melendez, who is well known for 
his work on animated specials and 
films of the popular comic strip 
Peanuts, is the director. 

C. S. Lewis, a lecturer in medieval 
and Renaissance literature at Oxford 
and Cambridge, has inspired many 
with his best-selling religious works 
including Mere Christianity and The 
Screwtape Letters, a satirical piece in 
which an apprentice devil is instructed 
in the art of winning souls. He may 
well be remembered most, however, 
for The Chronicles of Namia which 
have a huge following among children 
and adults alike. 

"Lewis had a unique ability to make 
profound things simple," notes 
Caroline Rakestraw of The Episcopal 
Radio-TV Foundation." The Lion, the 
Witch and the Wardrobe is a perfect 
example of his gifts. It is great en- 
tertainment—but, more important, it is 
great entertainment with substance." 



newsbriefs 



state and local 




Brown to Chair State Board of 
Nursing Homes 

SOUTHERN PINES-Philip S. Brown, 
executive director of the Episcopal Home for 
the Ageing, and recently appointed to the 
State Board of Examiners for Nursing Home 
Administrators by Governor James B. Hunt. 
Jr.. has been elected chairman of that board. 

Mr. Brown's appointment by Governor 
Hunt was for his second term of three years 
and his election as chairman was by the 
seven-member board. This board of 
examiners oversees training, determines 
qualifications, and issues licenses to nursing 
home administrators. 




Jams n jellies raise $$$ for VIM 

TARBORO— A pantry sale of homemade 
goodies, including pickles, fruit preserves, 
freshly baked bread and ginger bread houses 
raised $1,000 recently toward's Calvary 
Church's Diocesan Campaign pledge. The 
sale was sponsored by the ECW of Calvary 
Church in support of the proposed Camp 
and Conference Center and the Diocese's 
Venture in Mission. Pictured above, left to 
right, are Andrea Hood. Betty Temple and 
Meade Home. 



calendar 



APRIL 1979 



8 9 10 11 12 13 14 
15 16 17 18 19 20 21 
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 
29 30 



3— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

Meeting at 10 a.m. 
4— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
10-Clericus: Sandhills Clericus meets at 10 

12— Diocesan House: Diocesan House 

closed through April 16. 
17— Deadline: Deadline for May issue of 

The Communicant. 
18— Clericus: Charlotte clericus meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
24— Ministry: Commission on Ministry 

meets April 24-25. 
27— Youth: Spring Youth Conference meets 

April 27-29 at ValleCrucis. 



Page 2-The Communicant-March, 1979 



Conference held on campus 
ministry 

CHAPEL HILL-The Chapel of the Cross 
sponsored a mid-day conference on campus 
ministry on Thursday. February 15. 

"Having sounded out more than a few 
folks, it seemed a propitious time for the 
'friends of campus ministry' (including those 
who once were friends or who always 
thought they might like to be) to gather 
together to take a look at what has hap- 
pened, to take a look at one another and to 
share some insights about emerging 
possibilities." explained the Rev. Robert Wm. 
Duncan. Jr.. Associate Rector for Campus 
Ministry at the Chapel of the Cross. 

Both clergy and laity attended the meeting, 
which included addresses by Ms. Jenny 
Burns, a senior at the University of North 
Carolina and president of the Carolina "Y", 
and Prof James David Barber. Chairman of 
the Department of Political Science at Duke 
University. 



Triad Home questioned in study 

WINSTON-SALEM-Ketchum, Inc., a 
professional fundraiser, has suggested that a 
campaign to build a Diocesan Home for the 
Ageing in Kemersville. N.C. "be postponed", 
according to a report recently made public by 
the Triad Home for the Ageing Steering 
Committee. 

The report recommended that any future 
financial campaign be conducted "through 
the church structure..." and ":.. every church 
be asked to accept a portion of the 
responsibility for the construction of the new 

The report also raised questions about the 
suitability of the proposed Kemersville site, 
and urged the Committee to consider '...the 
possibility of the Triad Episcopal Home 
merging with the anticipated Methodist 
Home in Winston Salem. 

The Committee termed the recom- 
mendations "a positive report with in- 
dications of support for a new home for the 
ageing to better serve the Diocese of North 
Carolina in its ministry to the elderly." 




St. Martin's adds Social 
Ministries Director to staff 

CHARLOTTE-On February 1st, the Rev. 
Arthur Kortheuer joined the staff of St. 
Martin's Church. Charlotte as the Director of 
Social Ministries. 

A native of New York City, Kortheuer 
recently retired as Manager, Education 
Services, of the Industrial Research Institute, 
and moved south with his wife, the former 
Marie Roseman. who grew up in Charlotte 
and is an alumna of Queens College here. 

An active Episcopal layman for most of his 
life. Kortheuer studied nights and weekends 
at the Mercer School of Theology on Long 
Island and at the New York Cathedral's 
Institute of Theology, before being ordained 
Deacon in 1974 and Priest in 1975. Since 
then he has also been Assistant Minister at 
All Angel's Church in New York, and served 
as priestin-charge of that parish for the last 
few months of 1978. 

As Director of Christian Social Ministries, 
Kortheuer's main job will be to work closely 
with the Community Involvement Depart- 
ment of the Parish Council, and with the 
Hunger Task Force, In addition, he will also 
be St. Martin's contact person with other 
social ministry projects throughout the city. 



people 



The Rev. Carl Herman, formerly rector for 
32 years at St. Andrew's Church, 
Greensboro, was honored in February in a 
service at St. Paul's Church. Thomasville 
celebrating the 35th anniversary of his 
ordination to the priesthood. He was 
ordained Feb. 17. 1944. by the late Bishop 
Edwin A. Penick. 

Edie Loeber, and Henry Coble, longtime 
members of All Saints' Church, in 
Greensboro, were honored recently for 
their years of service to the Church Edie , 
Loeber has been Altar Guild Directress 
since 1962: Henry Coble, one of the 
founding members of the church, has 
served as Lay Reader and as Treasurer 
since 1959 

Maurice Joyner and W. J. "Pete" 
Shearin were honored last month in a 
suprise ceremony at St. Paul's Church in 
Louisburg on Sunday February 11. Both 
men received engraved pewter plates and 
lifetime appointments— Shearin as lifetime 
Verger, Joyner as lifetime Treasurer 

The Rev. Lauton Petit recently celebrated 
his 25th year as the Rector of St. Mat- 
thew's Church, Hillsborough. 



worldand 
national 



Jogging to Zion 

MIAMI(RNS)— Forty Miami Episcopalians 
attended the first "Jogger's Mass" held at St. 
Thomas' Church. Most of them attended the 
service in jogging attire. 

"It's not just people's souls that need 
saving, but their poor flabby bodies, too," 
said the Rev. David Morres who. at 24, is 
among the younger joggers of the parish. 

Following the service, the 40 jogged with 
their pastors. Some sought to finish the 
befinners' course of IV2 miles; intermediates 
set a goal of P/4 miles, while those following 
an "ambitious path" jogged 2V4 miles. 

Bishop Alexander to retire 

COLUMBIA— Citing heart problems, the Rt. 
Rev. George Alexander, Bishop of the 
Diocese of Upper South Carolina, has an- 
nounced plans to retire by August 31. He 
will celebrate the fortieth anniversay of his 
ordination to the priesthood this summer. 
Bishop Alexander is 64. 

Tarheel heads Diocese of 
Newark 

NEWARK(RNS)-Bishop John Shelby 
Spong, elected coadjutor three years ago, 
was installed here as the eighth bishop of the 
Diocese of Newark by Presiding Bishop John 
M. Allin. 

More than 450 priests, diocesan officials 
and leaders of Roman Catholic, Eastern 
Orthodox, Protestant and Jewish bodies 
attended the two-hour celebration in 
Newark's Trinity Cathedral. 

Following his installation. Bishop Spong 
said that teaching and ecumenical dialogue 
would be the hallmarks of his episcopate. "I'd 
like to be in the English tradition of a scholar 
bishop." Spong explained. "We are in a 
period of history when the Christian faith has 
to be reshaped as it has been done in the 
past by St. Augustine. Thomas Acquinas 
and Pien-e Teilhard de Chardin." 

Bishop Spong was bom and raised in 
Charlotte. N.C. and attended St. Peter's 
Church there before being ordained to the 
priesthood by Bishop Penick. During his 
tenure in the Diocese of North Carolina he 
served as Deacon-in-charge, St. Joseph's, 
Durham and as Rector of Calvary Church, 
Tarboro. His brother, the Rev. William C. 
Spong, preached the sermon at the in- 
stallation. Their mother. Doolie Spong, a 
member of St. Peter's, Charlotte, also 
participated in the service. 



A 




William McCauley. sexton of the Chapel of 
the Cross since 1937, suffered a fatal heart 
attack on December 21, 1978. Seven days 
a week for the last 39 years he had opened 
the buildings before dawn so that students 
might have a place of prayer and refuge. He 
was a friend to generations of students and 
parishioners and sexton during the tenure 
of four rectors. The Vestry has established 
a memorial fund to commemorate his four 
decades of faithful service and Christian 
witness. 

The Rev. Peter Keese. Episcopal Chaplain 
at Duke University Medical Center and 
President of Hospice of North Carolina, 
Inc. led a workshop last month on "Care in 
Terminal Illness" at a national conference 
on Aging and the Family. Sponsored by 
the Episcopal Society for Ministry on 
Aging, the conference was held in 
Nashville, Tenn. 

The Communicant has received 
notice of the following changes of cures: 
The Rev. Robert C. Baird: Discontinued 

as a member of the Staff at St. Timothy's 

Church, Raleigh. 
The Rev. William P. Barrett: From 

Rector, Trinity Church, Scotland Neck, to 

the Diocese of Kansas. 
The Rev. Edward S. Brightman: From 

Rector, St. Titus' Church, Durham, to 



The Rev. Michael B. Curry: From 
Deacon-in-charge, St. Stephen's Church, 
Winston-Salem, to Ordination to the 
Priesthood and Rector, St. Stephen's 
Church, Winston-Salem. 

The Rev. Charles M. Hawes, III: From 
Rector, St. Paul's Church, Smithfield, to 
Non-parochial. 

The Rev. G. Markis House: From the 
Diocese of South Carolina to Priest-in- 
charge, Christ Church, Rocky Mount, and 
St. John's Church, Battleboro. 

The Rev. James H. B. Kenyon: From 
Priest Director of Christ the King Center 
and Priestin-charge of St. Michael and All 
Angels', Charlotte, to the Diocese of Eau 
Claire. 

The Rev. W. Verdery Kerr: From the 
Diocese of West Missouri to Assistant to 
the Rector, St. Stephen's Church, Durham. 

The Rev. David W. Lovelace: From the 
Diocese of East Carolina to Assistant to 
the Rector, Church of the Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount. 

The Rev. George A. Magoon: Discon 
tinued serving as Priestin-charge of St. 
Matthias' Church, Louisburg, and' con- 
tinued as Rector of St. Paul's Church, 
Louisburg, and Priestin-charge of St. 
James' Church, Kittrell. 

The Rev. Albert Reginald Hill Mar- 
shall: Discontinued as Supply Priest, 
Christ Church, Walnut Cove. 

The Rev. Carlton O. Morales: From 
Priestin-charge. The Church of the 
Redeemer, Greensboro, to Rector of that 

The Rev. Rowland D. Oakes: From 
retired priest from the Diocese of Con- 
necticut to Interim Pastor. St. Paul's 
Chuicn, Smithfield. 

The Rev. W. Brown Patterson, Jr., 
Ph.D.: No longer serves as Priestin- 
charge of St. Alban's Church, Davidson. 

The Rev. Alfred F. Scogin, Jr.: From 
Priestin-charge, St. David's Church, 
Laurinburg, to St. Alban's Church, 
Kingstree, The Diocese of South Carolina. 

The Rev. Robert L. Sessum: From 
Assistant to the Rector, Christ Church, 
Raleigh, to Rector, All Saints' Church, 
Concord. 

The Rev. Thomas Smith, Jr.: From 
Assistant to Rector, St. Timothy's, 
Winston-Salem, to the Diocese of Western 
Michigan. 



1st 
Annual 

Christian Education 

Conference, Diocese off 

North Carolina 

July 29-August 1 

"Many people in the Diocese have 
yearned for a sense of being together 
as a 'Diocesan Family' ." This Conference 
is intended to provide that opportunity 
and setting to share the gifts and talents 
that God has given us, to grow together. 

Like all families, this gathering will 
provide a time to learn new skills in 
Christian education that relate to all 
dimensions of congregational life — 
Vestry, Episcopal Churchwomen, Epis- 
copal Young Churchmen, Small groups, 
Music and Worship as well as Sunday 
School and Adult Education, Altar Guild, 
Men's groups, Outreach, Renewal . . . the 
conference is aimed at the whole congre- 
gation. 

There will be time to be together, to 
celebrate our life through daily worship, 
a time for recreation — tennis, swimming, 
bowling, walks through the acres of 
woods on St. Man's Campus. There will 
be time for relaxation each afternoon. 

Many talented people from small con- 
gregations and large congregations 
throughout the Diocese will be offering 
special workshops and evening conver- 
sations that will challenge you and 
nurture vou. 



St* Mary's College Campus 

Raleigh, N.C. 

July 29 - Aug. 1 

1979 



s % 



WORKSHOPS 

(The workshops range from 
2-4 sessions of lVs hours each.) 

• ADULT EDUCATION PROGRAM 

DEVELOPMENT 

. . . Sr. Connie Karti 

• CITRRICIXTM DEVELOPMENT 

. . . Wilma Smilev 

• EDUCATION IN SMALL CIITRCH 

. . . Harrison Simons 

• EVANGELISM AND RENEWAL 

. . . Roy Bastian 

• EYC AND YOITTH ADVISORS 

. . . Ralph Bvrd 

• LAYMLNISTRY 

. . . Bob Davis 

• LEADERSHIP TRAINING AND 

DEVELOPMENT 

. . . Cathy G)olidgc 

• LITlTtGY AND MTSIC 

• • • Paul A. Colbert 

• SPIRITUAL JOITtNEYS 

. . . Jim Abbott 

• STORYTELLING 

. . . Susan ne Newton 



Evening Conversation*: Each 
evening there will be time in small 
groups to talk with special resource 
people about some special themes . . . 
Ministry to Singles, Death and Dying, 
New ( james, Values Clarification, 
Ministry to College Students, Parish 
Media, Music and Liturgy for Children, 
Ethics, Hospice, Arts and Crafts, etc. 




> Diocese of North Carolina 1979 Christian Education Pre -Registration Form f 

'amc - 

(sex) age group: (18-25) (25-40) (40-60) (60- ) 



hr 



Someone with whom \ 



This form with 830/X) deposit is to be sent to the (liristian Kdwcaiion < onfcrcncc Kcjjistrar. Onireh 
of the Good Shepherd. 21 South McDowell Street. Raleigh. North Carolina, 27601. by .July 1. The dci>osit 
is refundable if reservation is canceled bv hilv 15. 

Cost of Conference is #70.00 per person (includes room and lx>ard). A social Scholarship fund has 
been established to help with this Conference. Lack of financial resource should not be a reason for not 
attending. I'lcasc write to the Registrar for scholarship aid. 



J 



The Communicant-March. 1979 Page 




guest commentary^ 



A graceful insanity 



Proposition: 

"Think what sort of people you are, whom God has called. . . To fool 
the wise, God has chosen what the world counts foolish... and to 
confound the proud, God has chosen what the world counts 
weak." 

—St. Paul 

It would be so nice if the Gospel worked in clear, straight lines. 
Then we could sell it with logic and wouldn't have to live into 
messy relationships (prayer/reaching out) that work changes in us 
even as we claim to know what's going on. 

As things stand, more than a little of Paul's writings appear to be 
dreamy statements of what ought to be or of what we ought to be 
doing. They are anything but! Paul instead looks at Christ's 
ministry and asserts God's present craziness in a crazy world. 

It is not a hope, but a simple statement of fact that right now 
God counts you a son and a daughter whether you think of 
yourself as worthy of that or not (you're not)... He does this not 
because of anything you have done, but because of what He has 
done for you, and continues to do. If you acknowledge and 
prayerfully absorb that graceful insanity, changes take care of 
themselves. 



sharing silently: 



By the Rev. Barry Kramer 

Bill and Judy recently discovered 
that their little girl, Diane, is losing her 
hearing and will be completely deaf by 
the age of six. The shock was difficult 
to handle, and they had nowhere to 
turn, or so they thought. Then 
someone put them in touch with the 
local Episcopal priest who works 
among the deaf. He and the members 
of his mission met with Bill and Judy, 
helped them through their trauma, and 
started Diane on the road to a normal, 
full and exciting lifetime. 

Sound like just another success 
story? Not quite, because this one is 
recorded on film and is available for 
your parish to see. Daddy. Can 1 Hear 
The Sunshine] is a 27-minute color 
film that will: 

1) make people in your parish more 
aware of the difficulties and problems 
of deaf people in society, in school, at 
work 

2) help to break stereotypes hearing 
people have about the deaf 

3) show the real advantage of "Total 
Communication" 

4) show the work the Church has 
undertaken to provide worthwhile 
human interaction with the deaf 



The title is a poignant story in itself, 
concerned with two deaf children, 
Debbie aged 7 and her brother Bill 
aged 9. After frolicking in a heavy rain 
one morning, they resort to the age-old 
game of boasting about what they can 
hear; Occasionally deaf children can 
hear unusual or loud noises and Bill 
brags to Debbie, "I can hear rain." "Me, 
too!" answers Debbie. "I can hear a car 
horn" says Bill. "Well, I can hear a dog 
barking sometimes" says Debbie. Bill 
tops that off with, "Well, I can hear a 
motorboat." 

Debbie, a little puzzled at that big 
boast, runs to her father who pretends 
not to have seen the conversation. 
Debbie signs, "Daddy, I can hear the 
rain on the roof, I know; but Daddy, 
can I hear the sunshine??" 

Daddy, Can 1 Hear the Sunshine] is 
a montage of moments in the lives of 
people who laugh and weep, sing and 
dance, read and think, dream and 
despair just as we do except they are 
deaf! The characters in the film are 
real people photographed with sen- 
sitivity and grace, candor and in- 
telligence. 

If you would like to arrange for a 
showing in your church, please contact 
me through the Diocesan office. 



The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Charlene LeGrand 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



There is a corollary: the above does not just extend to our 
personal selves but to the community of the church as well. 
Christian community is not something we construct. It is an already 
established mystery we are living into. Only that can survive the 
idolatry of our own expectations of what the church should be 
(particularly those of the clergy}. 

Reading Life Together with a Cursillo group has brought home 
just what a gift that community is. Dietrich Bonhoeffer writes that 
"even the very hour of disillusionment with my brother becomes 
incomparably salutary, because it so thoroughly teaches me that 
neither of us can ever live by our own words and deeds, but only 
by the one Word and Deed which really binds us together— the 
forgiveness of sins in Jesus Christ... 

"Christian community is like a Christian sanctification. It is a gift 
of God which we cannot claim. Only God knows the real state of 
our fellowship. . . What may appear weak and trifling to us may be 
great and glorious to God. 

"So Christian Brotherhood is not an ideal which we must realize; 
it is rather a reality created by God in Christ in which we may 
participate. " 

It is a joy to be able to do that wherever we find ourselves. After 
all, you only get where God wants you to be by being put there in 
the first place. 

The Rev. William S. Wells, Jr. 
St. Anne's, Winston-Salem 




letters 



Dear Editor: 

The preliminary sketch of the Camp 
and Conference Center which ap- 
peared in the December 1978 issue of 
The Communicant looks attractive 
enough but shows no clear evidence 
that the favorably sloped roof surfaces 
will hold solar energy panels. These 
would both meet social and ecological 
responsibilities we all share individually 
and institutionally but would in short 
order soften financial demands on the 
diocese for power. I hope the sketch is 
incomplete simply as a sketch in this 
respect, not as a concept. 

Sincerely, 

Robert M. Wallace 

Dear Editor: Charlotte, N. C. 

I have just received the January 
1979 issue of The Communicant. I 
draw your attention to page 12, "The 
work of Christmas begins." 

I agree heartily with "to find the lost, 
to heal the broken, to feed the hungry, 
to bring peace among us." "To rebuild 
the nations" is a tall order and vague 
as to the meaning but "to release the 
prisoner" is incredible!!! 

Does the Episcopal Diocese of N. C. 
advocate releasing house-breakers, fire- 
bugs, hit-and-run drivers, molesters of 
children, dope peddlers, degenerates, 
people who commit crimes against 
nature, murderers and rapists? 

Our law men have worked hard to 
catch such persons and have even 
given their lives. The courts have done 
their best to put them in jail to make 
homes, businesses, streets, and roads 
safer. Jail should not be thought of 
only as punishment. Such criminals 
should be placed under lock and key 
to protect the public. The important 
thing is to make the jails as escape- 
proof as possible. To release such 
prisoners would be on a par with 
turning wild beasts loose in the streets! 
Sincerely, 
Virginia Winslow Mathews 
Southern Pines, N.C. 



An Open Letter to the Episcopal 
Churches in the Diocese of N. C: 

Dear Friends: 

I continue to be amazed, pleased, 
and grateful; and I welcome this 
opportunity to tell you so. I was bom, 
baptized, confirmed, and ordained in 
North Carolina. After serving as Priest 
in Mt. Airy and Elkin, I was called first 
to Texas and then to Alaska. 

In Alaska I have had the privilege of 
serving as Rector of a parish in 
Juneau, as Coordinator of Ministry on 
the Diocesan staff, and now enjoy a 
three-way opportunity as Diocesan 
Missioner, Chaplain to our emerging 
Diocesan Camp and Conference 
Center, and Priest-in-Charge of our 
newest fledging mission (St. David's). 

What continues to amaze me and 
warm my heart is that you have not 
ceased to consider me as one of your 
own— sent forth to whatever mission 
the Lord has had in store. And more, 
you have not ceased to pray for me 
and my family and support us with 
remembrances, words of en- 
couragement, and gifts, even,. ...the 
most recent coming from St. Andrew's 
in Rocky Mount only last week. 

Quite apart from the tar of home 
state loyalty on my heels, which, as 
anyone can see, sticks "purty good," I 
must say that your interest, your 
prayers, and your continuing support 
have meant and continue to mean 
more to me in the exercise of my 
mission and ministry than I can ever 
adequately tell you. 

Appreciating the fact that you're 
involved in ministry and mission where 
you are every bit as much as I, it is a 
privilege to work with you— whatever 
distance separates us in miles— as your 
brother in Christ. 

In His Spirit, 

The Rev. Mark A. Boesser 

St. David's 

Wasillo, Alaska 



Page 4-The Communicant-March. 1979 



A remembrance of things past 



By Clifford Wesley Sanderson 

Neither Lenten observances nor old 
gray mares are what they used to be; 
and at the risk of boring you into an 
irreversible coma, I would like to tell 
you about Lent during the period now 
fondly known as the good old days. 

My young years were spent in a 
Benedictine monastery; and while life 
was good, food plentiful, and sin all 
but unknown, the forty days of Lent 
were as stark and foreboding as to 
make the rest of the year positively 
frivilous by comparison. 

On Ash Wednesday we knelt one by 
one before the Lord Abbot's throne 
and received our ashes. None of this 
genteel smudge on the forehead 
business for us, thank you; His 



Lordship dropped a generous handful 
of black ashes on each humbly bowed 
head, and there it stayed until the next 
bath or a strong wind, whichever came 
first. 

At the same time as the ashes were 
received, it was appropriate to give the 
Abbot three bona opera or "good 
works" to be performed during Lent. 
Ideally these were to be: painful, in- 
convenient, invisible to the naked eye. 

In other words, whatever form our 
sacrifice took, whether it was shaving 
in cold water or simply treating with 
forebearance a brother monk who 
annoyed maddingly, we were to appear 
happy as larks at all times. 

It was at mealtimes that the rigors of 
Lententide rapidly separated the men 
from the boys. Breakfast was eaten on 



our common life 




By the Rev. Nicholson B. White 

CHARLOTTE— This past Sunday 
was a fascinating experience for the 
few who managed to trek through the 
fast-falling and already fallen snow to 
worship at Christ Church. There was a 
pioneering spirit in the air as the in- 
credible assortment of garb and regalia 
gathered. For once, oft-recycled army 
outfits were right at home with down- 
filled parkas and with L. L. Bean's 
latest offering. The array of colors 
struck the eye and the fancy. People 
who never wear hats looked just right 
in borrowed John Deere or golf caps. 
Those who tried to maintain their 
dignity finally had to give it up and join 
in the general attitude of looseness and 
informality. Very respectable tweed 
suit pants were rolled up to reveal 
brigbt socks peeking out over the tops 
of scruffy boots. 

We baptized Angela Joy Hubley at 
the 9:00 service, with the help of two 
recruited, barefooted (they didn't think 
their boots suited their roles in the 
service) Acolytes. It was a warm time, 
rich with a sense of community, love, 
and fellowship. 

Afterwards, we drank too much 
coffee together; but no one wanted to 



leave, so we just poured some more. 
Children, parents, grandparents — 
everyone simply was together for a 
time. And it was good and right. 

At 11:15, we shared the Lord's Meal 
with equal numbers of choir and 
congregation. And that, too, was good 
and right. 

As important as our shared sense of 
having overcome some very real 
obstacles to get to Church was, there 
was another dimension of the day that 
folks in large parishes need to 
remember. This was the dimension of 
being part of a small group within a 
large setting. We need both sorts of 
experiences side by side, all the time. 
A large parish offers educational, 
service, and worship possibilities that 
come only with size. But at the same 
time, we all need to belong to some 
smaller groups where we know 
everyone else, where it is safe to take 
the risk of being vulnerable, where we 
can experience the support and 
fellowship that can happen whenever 
two or three (or twelve or fifteen) 
gather together in the Lord's name. 

Nick White is Assistant to the 
Rector of Christ Church, Charlotte. 




letters 



Dear Editor: 

I feel sure your readers will have 
noted the recent upsurge of interest in 
the problems of the profoundly deaf. 

However, my purpose in writing is to 
draw your readers' attention to a less 
clearly defined but larger group whose 
special needs are still being swept 
under the rug — the hard of hearing. 

Many of them feel they belong in 
neither world. They cannot com- 
municate with the deaf because 
generally speaking they do not know 
sign language and were brought up in 
the world of the hearing. Because 
many have developed their handicap 
late in life, they have no speech 
problems and want desperately to 
continue to belong to the "hearing" 
world, which chooses by and large not 
to "hear" them, even though they have 
the "ears to hear" of which Our Lord 
spoke. 

As minister or parishioner, there are 
various "ramps" you can build to help 
the hard of hearing enjoy the facilities 



you do. Firstly, make sure your church 
has an adequate loudspeaker system 
(and that its sound is not all directed 
over the heads of the hard of hearing 
who often sit near the front). Secondly, 
make sure there is lighting near both 
pulpit and lectern directed onto the 
speaker's face. Many of the hard of 
hearing learn to read lips. Poor lighting 
makes lip-reading all but impossible. 
Thirdly, identify the hard of hearing in 
your parish and encourage them 
privately to come forward in all senses: 
to make themselves and their special 
needs known to you and to each 
other, and to sit near the front 
(especially if there are headphones in 
your church). 

To the hard of hearing themselves 
(of which I am one) I would say: Don't 
conceal your problem from others and 
especially not from yourself. Have the 
courage to come forward! Admit it is a 
handicap, but not a deficiency! Talk to 
your minister or write to Barry Kramer, 
the new Missioner to the Deaf about 
your special needs. And lastly, show 
your church in what areas you can still 
be of help despite your handicap. 

Sincerely, 

Alison M. Turner 

Raleigh, N. C. 



the knees and consisted of black 
coffee and whole wheat bread. Supper 
was frequently a meal of applesauce 
and combread. Like breakfast, this, 
too, was eaten in silence, but we did 
sit in chairs. The noon meal was not a 
fasting meal and was, therefore, the 
sole opportunity to consume sufficient 
food that one might live to see the sun 
rise on the morrow. It was also a 
dangerous meal— knives and forks flew 
through the air like spears at the Battle 
of Agincourt. He who could be tricked 
into turning his head for one-third of a 
second found his plate cleaner than 
anything lemon-scented Joy could 
produce. 

Liturgical directions were stem and 
uncompromising: "non puhantur 
organa". No accompaniment what- 
soever, with the result that the masses 
of Lent were frequently the most 
beautiful of the year. The long chants 
floated in the nave like some 
melismatic smoke, drawing us closer 
and closer to the unbearable beauty of 
Holy Week. All pain, all sorrow, all 
agonies, all joys found their ultimate 
expression in the opening sentences of 
the Great Vigil. 

The great church was utterly 
darkened... not a speck of light until a 
deacon dressed in white bearing an 
immense candle appeared at the back 
of the church and sang a greeting as 
old as Christianity itself: "Lumen 
Christi, " and two thousand voices 
answered "Deo Gratias. " Slowly the 
deacon made his way to a point half- 
way up the aisle, lifted candle and 
voice a bit higher, and sang again, 
"Lumen Christi. " The response was 
louder. Finally he climbed the steps of 
the very altar itself, held the candle 
high aloft, and sang as high as voice 



booksi 




could reach, "Lumen Christi!" The roar 
that came back was the earthquake 
that rolled the stone from the tomb; it 
was all humankind daring to call upon 
its Creator; it was the birth-cry of a 
renewed church suddenly aware that 
Christ had died, Christ was risen, 
Christ was come again. 



Clifford Wesley Sanderson is the 
uirger of St. Philip's Church, Durham. 
Formerly a monk of the Order of St. 
Benedict for some years, he is the 
28th and last Earl of Fife, unless he 
marries, an event about as likely, alas, 
as the restoration of the 1928 Book of 
Common Prayer. 




The Law and the Elderly 
in North Carolina 

by Lucy Strickland and Mason P. Thomas, 

Jr. 

(The Institute of Government: $4.00) 

By the Rev. Arthur Kortheuer 



There are an estimated 725,000 
older persons in North Carolina, 
according to a book entitled The Law 
and the Elderly in North Carolina, 
published by the Institute of Govern- 
ment at UNC-Chapel Hill. Each and 
every senior citizen faces myriad 
human problems connected with 
housing, health, income, tran- 
sportation, gainful activity, food, 
recreation, and self-preservation. 

To help find answers to these 
problems, the Institute of Government 
has issued a very informative manual 
which tells where and how you can get 
answers to many questions, providing 
much information to help thread one's 
way through the maze of services. 

Prepared under a contract with the 
Division of Aging of the North 
Carolina Department of Human 
Resources, the authors, Lucy 
Strickland and Mason P. Thomas, Jr., 
offer assistance in a dozen areas: 
Income Programs, Health, Nursing 
Homes, Services to the Elderly, Mental 
Health and Protective Services, Taxes, 
Property Management and Estate 
Planning, Consumer Rights, Age 



Discrimination, Legal Services, 
Planning for Death and Estates After 
Death. 

For example, if you want to know 
how to sign up for Social Security at 
age 65 or whether benefits are taxable, 
this book spells out the answers in 
clear, concise detail. 

Taxes are dealt with in a similar 
thorough fashion, including North 
Carolina Inheritance and Estate Taxes, 
Individual Income Tax, and Property 
Tax. 

Just as important are chapters on 
Consumer Rights, particularly Lan- 
dlord-Tenant Problems, as well as 
Credit and Sales. As the authors point 
out, the aged seem to be particularly 
susceptible to the various kinds of 
fraudulent selling schemes, high- 
pressure salesmanship, and deals with 
hidden implications that consumer 
laws are intended to counteract. 

The Law and the Elderly in N. C. 
can be a very useful tool and guide for 
ministers and others working with 
older people. It explains the law in 
easily understood terms in all of the 
indicated areas, and I heartily 
recommend it. 

To obtain a copy, write: Publications 
Clerk, Institute of Government, P. O. 
Box 990, Chapel Hill, N. C. 27514. 



Art Kortheuer is the Director of 
Social Ministries for St. Martin's 
Church, Charlotte. 

The Communicant-March. 1979-Page 5 




Lets \fenture Together.. 




Thix)ughGiving-Now! 

Through Venture in Mission, we Episcopalians 
can all share in the greatest opportunity of our 
century. It is a humanitarian opportunity of 
global scope. A call for us as individuals, par- 
ishes and dioceses to renew our own commit- 
ment to Christ's mission through our concern 
for the needs of others. 

One expression of this concern is the sacra- 
ment of giving. From the time of the New Testa- 
ment and the catacomb church, sharing God's 
bounty has been recognized as a central form 
of witnessing to His love. St. Paul ended his first 
letter to the Church in Corinth by asking for 
money for the poor. 



This need is no less true today if we are to 
stand forth as committed Christians. Our offer- 
ings through Venture in Mission can help to 
transform the lives of God's children who are 
trapped in the problems and tensions of a 
troubled society. 

Venture in Mission needs $100-million to 
achieve its goals. Goals which it can only reach 
if each of us gives, and gives generously. 

Let us answer this call to witness for our faith 
and our Church. 

Let us venture together through giving . . . 
now. 



VENTURE IN MISSION 
8I5 Second Avenue 
New York, N.Y I00I7 




r^municant-March. 1979 



St Mark's designs education for worship 



By Eleanor Ide 

RALEIGH— In a solemn voice the 
judge read the verdict of the Russian 
court: "For your heinous crimes, there is 
but one appropriate sentence. I 
pronounce you forgiven." 

Forgiven? By a Russian court? Well, 
not exactly. The courtroom was really a 
classroom at St. Mark's which is located 
in Raleigh, not Moscow. And the mock 
trial staged one Sunday morning last 
September was an effort to explore the 
subject of forgiveness— our need to 
forgive others and our need to be 
forgiven. 

Part of a new and imaginative ap- 
proach to Sunday School, the mock trial 
grew out of the Diocesan-sponsored 
Bishop's Conference on Christian 
Education held three years ago at 
Belmont Abbey. 

Under the direction of Duke Divinity 
School Professor John Westerhoff, the 
conference discussed the question, "Can 
we teach Christian faith the same way 
we teach science and other subjects?" 
Noting that "our culture emphasizes 
things, discourages feelings, and 
separates families by age and sex," 
conferees debated whether Sunday 
School should adopt this approach or 
pursue another way. 

Margaret Thurston and John Wall 
were two of St. Mark's five delegates to 
the conference. At their urging, 
Westerhoff met with 25 members of St. 
Mark's last summer. There he em- 
phasized the importance of Sunday 
School as a preparation for worship. 

According to Westerhoff, most people 
walk into church each Sunday "cold"; 
they haven't read the lessons and don't 
know the liturgical significance of the 
day or the season. He compared the 
average congregation to a troup of 
actors who hadn't bothered to rehearse 
and noted that even with a good 
director, unprepared actors inevitably 
give a dull and often awkward per- 
formance. 

Inspired by Westerhoff's ob- 
servations, the group designed a new 
curriculum which utilizes the Sunday 
School hour as a time of preparation for 
the Sunday service. 

Under the new procedure, twelve 
adults now take responsibility for all 
learning activities in a given month. As 
part of their preparation, they are asked 
to attend a Bible study on the lectionary 
scheduled for the month in question. For 
the next four weeks, these twelve and 
their children help plan both education 
and worship. They select the hymns, 
provide readers for the lessons and 
prayers of the people, and select the 
learning activities which will make up the 
Sunday School, now called "the 
preparation hour." 



Marriage Encounter 




... an opportunity for 
married couples to 
discover new dimensions 
of communication and a 
deeper commitment to 
God and each other. 



Up-coming weekends 

March 9-11, 1979 

Raleigh. N.C. 
April 27-29, 1979 

Raleigh, N.C. 



vat ion chairmen Joe and Marian Pollard, 
7710 Six Forks Road, Raleigh, NC 27609, 
(919) 787-4662. 



To date, 75 adults and 45 children 
serving as monthly leaders have 
provided the people of St. Mark's with a 
number of imaginative and helpful ways 
to prepare for the Sunday service. 

Typically, three or four different 
activities are offered during each 
preparation hour, ranging from serious 
discussion groups attended largely by 
adults to intergenerational events which 
attract both children and adults in equal 
numbers. Around 90 people usually 
take part in the various exercises, which 
means that more than half the 
congregation now comes prepared for 
worship each Sunday. 

Teaching methods are limited only by 
the imagination of the monthly leaders; 
and with kids as well as adults in on the 
planning, the results have been as 
successful as they have been unique. In 
connection with the beatitudes one 
Sunday, parishioners arrived at church 
only to find themselves in the middle of 
a "values auction" and asked to bid on 
such values as a good marriage, a 
month's vacation anywhere, and career 
success. Another Sunday found adults 
and children exploring the meaning of 
law and grace by becoming bumper cars 
and experiencing traffic with and 
without law. And folks are still talking 




At St. Mark's, children as well as adults take part in preparing activities for 
Sunday school. 



about the day they danced the message 
of Isaiah on the front lawn. 

Preparation hour has added a new 
dimension to congregational worship at 
St. Mark's and created a new en- 



thusiasm for Sunday School among its 
members. 



Eleanor Ide is a computer programmer 
and a member of St. Mark's, Raleigh. 



(nutrition, from p. 1) 



St. Luke's 

Will host 97th 
ECW meeting 
May 1 and 2 



SALISBURY-St. Luke's Episcopal 
Church will be host to the 97th Annual 
Meeting of the Episcopal Churchwomen 
on May 1 and 2. 

The Rev. S. F. James Abbott of St. 
Thomas' Episcopal Church in Reidsville, 
Diocesan chairman of the Commission 
to the Ministry, will speak at the 8:30 
p.m. service Tuesday, May 1. Everyone 
is invited to attend. 

The theme for the annual meeting will 
be "Ministry— A Gift to Christians," Mrs. 
J. Haywood Evans, Diocesan President 
of the Churchwomen, has announced. 

Miss Patricia Page, Director of 
Program for the National Institute of Lay 
Training in New York, will headline the 
team for the opening afternoon session 
at 2 p.m. Tuesday. Working with her 
will be the Rev. Peter Keese, Episcopal 
Chaplain of Duke University Medical 
Center. 

At last year's annual meeting at the 
Chapel of the Cross, Chapel Hill, it was 
decided to focus on one diocesan in- 
stitution for four consecutive years. This 
year it will be the Episcopal Child Care 
Services with Director John Powell as 
speaker. 

The Rev. Barry Kramer will be in 
charge of "signing the convention for the 
deaf congregation," which will be 
represented by delegations from 
Winston-Salem and Charlotte. 

Kanuga, St. Mary's, St. Andrew's, 
Child Care Services, and the Camp and 
Conference Center will have displays in 
addition to an exhibit by the Episcopal 
Book Store in Richmond, Va. Michael 
Podesta of Rocky Mount, well-known 
calligrapher whose work was featured in 
the October, '78 issue of The Com- 
municant, will display silk screens, pen 
and inks, etc., many of which will be for 
sale. 



Elderly find friendship here 



here and, you see, I'm an old bachelor." 

Carrie Osbourne, 84, has been an 
undisputed leader of this program 
since St. Thomas' opened its doors to 
the elderly on May 23, 1977. Mrs. 
Osbourne, who acts as hostess and 
official greeter, welcomes her visitors 
graciously and will talk with pleasure 
about what the site has to offer. 

"I think this is a wonderful place," the 
white-haired hostess said. "It teaches 
us 'love thy neighbor as thyself.' And it 
has taught me to hear other people's 
ideas and to continue to see people 
and accomplish something." 

For its elderly participants, the site 
offers more than a daily meal. They 
often get a chance to directly question 
local firemen, talk with the county 
sheriff, and discuss animal control 
problems with a representative of the 
county humane society. The program 
also includes activities such as quilting 
classes and occasional field trips. 

St. Thomas' Church in Reidsville 
began this program two years ago 
sponsored with a grant from the 
Diocese's Parish Grant Committee. 

The original plan for the nutrition site 
called for 40 hot meals to be served 
each weekday, but attendance has 



been as high as 80 persons, and the 
site serves meals to an average of 68 
elderly persons daily. The program is 
now funded on a matching basis with 
the federal government paying 90 
percent and 10 percent being provided 
locally. 

The church's rector, the Rev. S. F. 
James Abbott, says St. Thomas' now 
adds matching funds out of its yearly 
budget and in-kind contributions by 
providing the facility and regular 
janitorial services. He said the site also 
has given church members another 
opportunity for lay ministry. About 20 
parishioners now conduct a telephone 
reassurance program by calling 
homebound elderly persons to check 
on them each day. "I am very glad for 
the church to be involved for the sake 
of the people being served, but I also 
think their presence here has been 
good for us," Abbott said. 

"It ties us in with the community in a 
deeper way and puts us in contact with 
a broad cross-section of people in the 
city." 

Ceci/e Holmes is a staff writer for the 
Greensboro Daily News and a member 
of St. Thomas' Church, Reidsville. 




Hot meals are provided at the site once a day. Here senior citizens choose 
between a selection of buttermilk, sweet milk and low-fat milk. 



The Communicant-March. 1 979-Page 7 



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The COMMUNICANT 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



Volume 69, Number 4, April 1979 



Diocese to elect a Coadjutor Nov. 2 



RALEIGH— A special convention for 
the election of a Bishop Coadjutor will 
be held on Saturday, Nov. 2, at St. 
Paul's Church in Wins ton -Salem. 

The November date has been ap- 
proved by the Standing Committee on 
the recommendation of the newly- 
formed Nominating Committee for the 
Election of a Bishop Coadjutor. 

Created by a resolution of the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention, the 18-member 
Nominating Committee consists of one 
lay person and one priest elected by 
each of the five convocations, two 
members of the Standing Committee, 
four members of the Diocesan Council, 
and two people appointed by Bishop 
Fraser. (A profile of the committee 
appears on page 7 of this issue of The 
Communicant) 

At its first meeting on March 22, the 
Nominating Committee elected the 
Rev. William P. Price, Rector of St. 
Mary's, High Point as chairman and 
Marion Follin of Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro as vice-chairman. 



The committee also established a 
Sub-committee on Process and 
Structure, consisting of the Rev. Peter 
James Lee, Rector, Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill, chairman, and 
Rose Flannagan of Holy Innocents', 
Henderson and Dr. Charles W. Orr of 
St. Titus', Durham. 

Under the terms of the resolution, 
the committee is required to submit a 
minimum of five nominees to the 
Special Convention in November. 
Speaking on behalf of the committee, 
chairman William Price stressed the 
importance of lay participation in the 
nominating process. 

"We have a deep concern for the 
involvement of laity in a grassroots 
way in the nominating process," Price 
explained. "We are basically interested 
in seeing that nominees, whoever they 
may be, are given the widest possible 
exposure to the laity of the diocese." 

The committee's next meeting will 
be held on April 27 at St. Mary's 
Church in High Point. 




Committee sets election date — 

Here we go again 



Tor I was hungry and you gave me food- 



Holy Comforter offers ' Loaves & Fishes' to the hungry 



By Judy Lane 

CHARLOTTE— During this season 
of Lent we concern ourselves with 
hunger. The reminders are 
everywhere — in church, where we are 
challenged by scriptural passages like 
Matthew 25; in the grocery store, 
where we use more money each week 
to buy less food and wonder briefly 
how the man who is out of work or the 
woman with many children can do it; 
and at home, where we see pictures of 
starving Biafran children on our 
television screen and wince as we 
throw away food our own children will 
not eat. And always there is the 
frustrating question: what can we, you 
and I, do about feeding the hungry? 

In Charlotte there is a group of 
people who do something about 
hunger every day— people who take 
food off a shelf or out of a freezer and 
hand it to those who are hungry and 
have hungering families. These are the 
people who run Loaves and Fishes, a 
helping and truly helpful community 
agency. 

Located at the Church of the Holy 
Comforter, Loaves and Fishes oc- 
cupies a kitchen, pantry, and several 
storerooms in the parish hall. On well- 
stocked days the pantry is lined with 
cans of tuna fish and black-eyed peas, 
jars of peanut butter, and plastic bags 
of powdered milk. Freezers are filled 
with bread and meat. Then the 
telephone rings, or the door swings 




Volunteer Ellen Chandler fills a food 
order from the well-stocked "Loaves and 
Fishes" pantry at Holy Comforter Church. 



open, and business begins. 

Run entirely by volunteers who work 
in three-hour shifts on weekdays, 
Loaves and Fishes is an emergency 
food service only. Those who come to 
it must be referred by a community 
agency or individual; food is provided 
for three meals a day for one week, or 
sometimes two, but not longer than 
that except in an extreme emergency. 
It is a service to feed those who are 



* Coming Up * 

The 97th Annual ECW Meeting 




St. Luke's, Salisbury 
1 & 2,1979 



/ 



hungry now, who have applied for help 
elsewhere but cannot wait to eat, who 
need a meal for themselves and their 
families today. 

When a call comes to the kitchen 
with a referral, the worker finds out 
who needs the food and how many are 
in the family. After checking a card file 
to make sure the family is eligible, the 
volunteer bags the food, referring to 
bagging instructions which tell what 
food is to be packed for a week's meals 
for a family of that size. Menus and 
recipes are included with the food so 
that recipients will have access to well- 
balanced, nutritional meals. 

A fire in a Charlotte housing project 
on a snowy weekend this winter left a 
number of people homeless and 
hungry— and Loaves and Fishes had to 
come to the rescue. The group 
mobilized all available volunteers and 
got together food for seven families, 
about 40 people, for 21 meals, while 
still taking care of the "routine" orders 
of the week. In four days, they fed 157 
people. Neither snow nor long hours 
kept them from the job at hand. 

Enthusiastic caring, rather than 
formal organization, marks the basic 
structure of Loaves and Fishes. There 
is no director and no board, although a 
group of 15 to 20 people, most from 
Holy Comforter Church, meets each 
month. Virginia Sampson takes care of 
publicity, while Henry Furman does 
most of the purchasing of food and 
Betty Parker organizes the volunteers. 

A community project, Loaves and 
Fishes gets help from other area 
churches— Episcopal, Methodist, 
Presbyterian, United Church of Christ, 
Baptist, Lutheran, and Roman 
Catholic, as well as from many 
community groups, bakeries and food 
producers, and individuals. Help 
comes in the form of money, canned 
goods and other foodstuffs, food 
containers, volunteers, and tran- 
sportation for those who cannot get to 
Holy Comforter to pick up their food. 



Money to support the project is a 
part of Holy Comforter's operating 
budget, and members of the church 
support it individually with money as 
well as time. It serves, as Rector Alwin 
Reiners, Jr., points out, as an "outlet 
for the. ministerial energies" of the 
people of his church, people who were 
not especially involved in church 
before as well as those who were. 

The project began in a small way at 
Thanksgiving and Christmas of 1975 
when members of Holy Comforter, 
having returned from a Diocesan 
Convention that raised the issue of 
hunger, decided to collect food for the 
holidays for some of Charlotte's 
hungry people. Seeing this as their 
chance to do something about feeding 
the hungry, they made the project a 
permanent one and set about finding 
out how to do it. 

Growth was gradual, but it came. In 
January 1976, Loaves and Fishes fed 
137 people; in January 1979 it fed 
350. In all, it fed about 2,700 people in 
1978. 

For Virginia Sampson, Loaves and 
Fishes was a way back to active work 
in the church. She became interested 
in the program in the fall of 1976 when 
she was asked to make soup at her 
home. Since then she has played a 
leading role in making the program a 
success, and for her it is what religion 
is all about — worshipping the Lord by 
doing his will. 

The people who work for Loaves 
and Fishes have a great stake in it. As 
they give their time and their money, 
they receive in return the blessings that 
come from working in Christian 
fellowship — from touching and lifting 
the lives of their neighbors — from 
feeding the Lord as they feed his 
children. 



Jud^ Lane is a communicant of St. 
John's Church, Charlotte, and the 
editor of the St. John's Newsletter. 



state and local 




Have drama, will travel 

OXFORD— Nearly two months of hard 
work paid off for the members of St. 
Stephen's Chancel Drama Group whose 
production of T. S Eliot's Murder in the 
Cathedral played to a packed house on 
Sunday. April 1 

More than 200 people from as far away as 
Louisburg and Raleigh filled the church for 
the evening performance of the cathedral 
scene from Eliot's celebrated drama. 

The drama concerns the struggle between 
medieval England's King Henry II and his 
Archbishop and friend. Thomas a Becket. 
who placed the demands of God and His 
Church above friendship and loyalty to the 
Crown. 

With actors ranging in age from 16 80. 
and with an' excellent technical crew. St. 
Stephen's thespians brought medieval 
England to twentieth century Oxford with a 
sensitive and lively performance. 

Linda S Earnhardt. Programs Support 
Artist with the Granville Arts Council, which 
co-sponsored the production, directed a cast 
of 16. including the rector, the Rev Harrison 
T. Simons, who played Becket. 

Prior to the performance. Simons had 
made a special request in the church 
newsletter, asking his congregation "not to 
display too much rejoicing when I. portraying 
the Archbishop, am put to death " He 
needn't have been concerned: the applause 
Sunday evening was strictly for the high 
quality of the production. 

With its small staff and capable techincal 
crew, the production would travel easily, and 
members of the group hope to take the show 
on the road this spring to churches 
throughout the Diocese More information 
may be obtained directly from St Stephen's 
Church. Oxford. 




Charlotte Youth Choir presents 
VIM $$$ at Diocesan House 

CHARLOTTE-Members of Holy 
Comforter's Youth Choir stopped by the 
Diocesan House in Raleigh on March 24. to 
present Michael Schenck. III. Diocesan 
Business Administrator, with a check for the 
proceeds from their VIM cupcake sale. 

After a tour of the Diocesan House, the 
group continued on to Duke University for a 
special organ concert, before spending the 
night with members of St Stephen's Church. 



Diocesan Council authorizes 
sale of the Terraces 

RALEIGH-At its March meeting, the 
Diocesan Council unanimously voted to sell 
the Terraces, the Episcopal Conference 
facility in Southern Pines Bishop Fraser 
noted that it was his intention to earmark 
the proceeds from the sale of the Ten-aces 
for the new Camp and Conference Center to 
be built on diocesan -owned land near 

Site preparation work on the new Camp 
and Conference Center is to begin shortly, as 
a result of other action taken by the Council. 
Acting on the recommendation of the Camp 
and Conference Center Education Com 
mittee. the Council authorized the ex 
penditure of up to $65,000 for final site 
plans, construction stage drawings for the 
Main Lodge and satellite cottages, and the 
construction of a new road to the proposed 
building area along with auxiliary drainage 
and sedimentation control. 

The work is to be financed with an ad- 
vance from the Diocesan Reserve Funds 
which will be repaid as payments are 
received from the churches of the diocese on 
their campaign pledges. 

According to a report presented by the 
Campaign Finance Committee. $1,153,989 
had been pledged to the $2 Million Cam- 
paign as of March 7. 1979. Of that amount. 
$846,017 05 was undesignated Of the 
remainder, the 79 churches reporting pledges 
designated $218,850.30 for Venture in 
Mission and $89,121.65 for the Camp and 
Conference Center 

After some discussion, the Council voted 
unanimously that 30% of all undesignated 
money will be credited to Venture in Mission 
and 70% to the Camp and Conference 

In related business. Bishop Fraser ap- 
pointed Council members A. L. Purrington, 
III. Marion Follin. Sr. and Jacob Froelich to a 
committee which will be responsible for 
presenting a specific plan for financing the 
construction of the proposed Camp and 
Conference Center to the Council for 
consideration at its next meeting in May. 

In other matters, the Council voted 
unanimously to adopt a new medical and 
dental insurance program for all clergy and 
full-time employees of the Diocese and 
churches within the Diocese, effective April 
1. 1979 

The Council elected members Jacob 
Froelich. the Rev. Peter James Lee. the Rev 
William P. Price and A. L. Purrington. Ill to 
serve as its representatives on the Bishop 
Coadjutor Nominating Committee. 

Acting on the recommendation of the 
Bishop, the Council also elected Marion 
Follin. Sr. to the Investment Committee, and 
Alex Rankin. Ill and June Long to the Parish 
Grant Committee. 

Standing Committee sets 
deadline 

RALEIGH— Proposals requiring the approval 
of the Standing Committee must be sub- 
mitted "at least two weeks" prior to 
scheduled meetings, according to an an- 
nouncement made recently by the committee, 
which meets the fourth Tuesday of every 
month except July and December. 

"Such lead time will give the committee the 
opportunity to study the proposals in ad- 
vance, and to request additional information 
if necessary before taking formal action." 
explained the Rev Jacob A. Viverette. Jr.. 
President of the Standing Committee, in a 
recent announcement to all clergy and senior 
wardens. 

"We have no desire to make negative 
recommendations to the Bishop simply 
because of the lack of pertinent information." 
Viverette continued "In fact, we are worried 
that such lack of information may force us to 
reject some proposals we would otherwise 
like to support " 



Hawkins to be ordained 

DURHAM— James B. Hawkins. IV. Lay 
Pastoral Assistant at St. Phillip's. Durham 
since 1976. has accepted a call from Trinity 
Church. Asheville Hawkins will be ordained 
a deacon by the Rt. Rev. William G. 
Weinhauer in Trinity Church on June 30. 
and will serve as curate to the parish. 

A graduate of Duke Divinity School. 
Hawkins is currently completing a Ph.D. in 
American Religious Thought. 



world and national 



Mystery cloaks bishop's request 

LONDON— And if any man will sue thee 
at the law. and take away thy coat, let him 
have they cloke also —Matthew 5:40 

This quotation was given as their reply by 
all bishops who have so far answered a 
polite appeal from the new Bishop of 
Manchester for the return of his new cloak, 
according to a story in the London 
Telegraph. 

The $100 black wool cloak was a gift from 
his wife to the bishop, the Rt. Rev. Stanley 
Booth Clibborn. for his consecration in York 
Minster early in February. 

During the ceremony, he left it on a table 
in a room reserved for bishops and other 
visiting digntaries. but at the end of the day 
it was missing. An old. threadbare cloak had 
been left in its place. 

A spokesman for the bishop said: "The 
cloak had his name inside, but there was no 
name in the one left in its place The 
bishop's staff has sent a polite and tactfully 
worded letter to all the bishops invited. A 
number have replied, all with the same 
message from Matthew." 




Cathedral construction to 
resume in New York City 

NEW YORK (RNS)-The Episcopal 
Cathedral of St John the Divine may have 
solved a vexing dilemma by devising a plan 
to resume construction and simultaneously 
help the urban poor. 

It hopes to accomplish this feat by hiring 
and training young unskilled workers from 
the neighborhood work on the masonry in 
the style of the medieval craft guilds. 

Their work will be supervised by British 
master builder James Robert Bambridge, 
who supervised the completion of Liverpool 
Cathedral, which was recently opened in 
England. 

The Rt. Rev. Paul Moore, Jr., of New 
York, was flanked by community leaders at a 
press conference held at Cathedral House to 
announce the plans to resume construction. 
"The decision og the Cathedral Trustees to 
build again." Bishop Morore said, "must be 
appreciated as a concrete sign of hope for 
our City and our neighborhoood...a dramatic 
affirmation that neighborhoods are not to be 
abandoned, but to be rebuilt ...that we are 
here to stay... a concrete sign of hope in the 
midst of our inner cities." The community 
leaders expressed strong support for the 
project. 

James Dowdy, president of the Harlem 
Commonwealth Council, said. "It is 
significant that the Cathedral is resuming 
construction in the old way. and that the old 
masters will be training new workers from 
the community. These workers have 
something money can't buy That's pride in 
their work and that's the only way you're 
going to build something that lasts." 

Construction of the Cathedral Church of 
St. John the Divine, which will be the world's 
largest gothic style cathedral when it is 
completed, began in 1892. Work was 
suspended during World War II. In 1967. 
then-Bishop Donegan declared a moratorium 
on further construction so that the Episcopal 
Diocese of New York could devote its time 
and money to inner-city ministry. 

The new work, which is expected to take 
at least five years, will include construction of 
two 150-foot bell towers at the West end of 
the cathedral. 

South African diocese supports 
controversial WCC program 
LESOTHO. South Africa— Unequivocal 
support for the World Council of Churches 
Program to Combat Racism was expressed 
by the Lesotho Anglican Diocesan Synod at 
its recent meeting. The resolution called for 
gathering donations for the fund and urged 
the Church of the Province of South Africa 
to reconsider its critical stand on the 
program. 



Florida judge orders dissidents 
to return church property 

WEST PALM BEACH-A state court judge 
has ruled that property of the Church of the 
Holy Spirit here is owned and controlled by 
the Episcopal Diocese of Southeast Florida, 
because the Episcopal Church has an 
"hierarchical" rather than "congregational" 
form of government. 

Judge William Rutter stated that 
documents supplied in the non-jury trial 
demonstrated that "the founders of the 
Church of the Holy Spirit intended it to be a 
constituent part of the Episcopal Church." 

The case arose in the fall of 1977 when 
the Rt. Rev. James L. Duncan and the 
Diocese filed suit asking for the church 
building and all other parish property of the 
Church of the Holy Spirit. 

The congregation had voted 185-14 to 
leave the Episcopal Church, and then voted 
192-0 to join the non-geographical Diocese 
of the Holy Trinity, which has since become 
part of the Anglican Catholic Church. 

Bishop Peter Watterson of the Diocese of 
the Holy Trinity, who had been rector of the 
parish, said he and his followers would 
continue the fight against what he called the 
"theologically bankrupt" Episcopal C. 

Meanwhile, Bishop Duncan said he feels 
"great concern and compassion for (the 
dissidents) who have been so cruelly duped 
by false promises which those in power 
knowingly held out to them." 

Will a non-Britisher become the 
next Archbishop of Canterbury? 

NEW YORK (RNS)-If there can be a non- 
Italian Pope, can there be a non British 
Archbishop of Canterbury? 

That is the question raised by Trevor 
Beeson. British correspondent for The 
Christian Century, in a recent article 
speculating on the successor to Donald 
Coggan, the present Archbishop of Can- 
terbury. 

Despite the fact that four of the last five 
occupants of Canterbury Palace have come 
from York, Beeson casts aside the present 
Archbishop of York, Stuart Blanch, as " ! n no 
sense a national figure." Of the possibilities in 
England, Beeson says "the field is small." 

Beeson offers but one speculation in 
suggesting that a non-Britisher could be 
Coggan's successor— Archbishop Edward 
Scott, the Anglican primate of Canada. He 
reports that the committee which will make 
the appointment "may well become entangled 
in all mannner of compromise, but on the 
evidence of recent episcopal appointments, 
its members seem ready to be bold, not 
merely safe." 



calendar 




1— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

Meeting at noon. 
1— Episcopal Churchwomen: ECW 

Annual Meeting May 1-2 at St. Luke's, 
Salisbury. 
8— Clericus: Sandhills Clericus meets at 10 

8— Grant: Parish Grant Committee meets at 

10:30 a.m. 
8— Church Foundation: Episcopal 

Church Foundation meets. 
10— Committee: Investment Committee 

15— Deadline: Deadline for June issue of 

The Communicant. 
16— Clericus: The Charlotte clericus will 

meet at 12:30 p.m. 



Page 2-The Communicant-April. 1979 



Author aims at 'a living, working spirituality' 



By Miriam Marty 

CHAPEL HILL-"We are hungry for a 
new spirituality," says Avery Brooke, 
"and we'd like it to be Christian. We've 
got to build one for ourselves, rooted in 
our individual and corporate relation- 
ships with God. It must spring from our 
minds and hearts. It is not something 
which can be appliqued onto life." 

Mrs. Brooke, author of several books 
on Christian meditation, was at Chapel 
of the Cross, Chapel Hill, recently for a 
conference on spirituality. Her 
presentation, "Spirituality Without 
Blinders," first defined the need for and 
the nature of Christian spirituality and 
then outlined steps toward a "living, 
working spirituality" for individuals and 
the church. 

Her own deep interest in the subject 
began when she was a student at Union 
Theological Seminary. After several 
years of study, she left the seminary to 
found Vineyard Books (now under the 
auspices of Seabury Press) and to write 
and publish books on prayer, 
meditation, and spirituality. She is still 
writing, still working on some publishing 
projects, and still teaching meditation to 
small groups as she has done for some 
years. 

"The hawking of spiritual wares," she 
argues — citing religious cults, the human 
potential movement, transcendental 
meditation, yoga, and the like as 
examples— is evidence of "our deep 
spiritual yearnings." What she offers as 
a solution is not denial of those year- 
nings but a response to them in the 
building of a Christian spiritual life. "I 
would like to feel," she says, "that we 
have a spirituality which is strong 
enough, broad enough, deep enough so 
that no individual bom into a Christian 
culture would need to join a cult." 

If the secular world is largely rational 
and in love with facts, Mrs. Brooke 
points out, the sacred is anything that 
carries meaning for us and which goes 
beyond the facts toward God. 
"Spirituality, in a broad sense, gives 
meaning," she continues. "It provides the 
beliefs, practices, images, and par- 




ticularities by which life becomes or may 
become meaningful." 

Liturgy, she suggests, is a proper 
starting place in the building of such a 
Christian spirituality; but she adds that 
beyond the formal structures of the 
church is the recognition of God abroad 
in the world, the realization that 
everything which mediates between 
heaven and earth is Christ and that 
Christ is the bridge and all bridges from 
mankind to God. 

Meditation, the topic on which Avery 
Brooke has done most of her writing, is 
"a listening sort of prayer," one which 
can make us more aware of God's 
presence in our work and our world. To 
meditate is to work consciously and 
quietly at developing a spiritual life but 
there are other clear steps toward the 
same goal. 

The first is repentence. "We need," 
she says, "to take a fresh look at what is 
and what isn't sin, and we need to think 
again about how to handle it." We are 
confused psychologically and morally. 

A second step comes in feeling 
forgiven. "How do we start over again?" 
Perhaps, she suggests, we need to 
change our circumstances. Perhaps we 




HAST GIVEN 
SOMUCH'TO 
I US'GIVE ONE 
} TMING MORE 
! *A GRATEFUL 
I HEART 

A display of the work of calligrapher Michael Podesta will be one of the 
features of the ECW Annual Meeting, May 1-2, at St. Luke's, Salisbury. 



simply need to realize and accept them, 
to be willing to start from where we are. 

Forgiven, we go on to build a 
relationship with God in prayer, to 
participate in the spiritual discipline of 
the church, and to establish the kind of 
self-discipline essential to the Christian 
life. To this difficult end, Mrs. Brooke 
suggests that we simplify our com- 
plicated lives and that we rely on help 
from other Christians by gathering in 
groups for prayer and meditation. 

"What we need and what we have 
always needed," she concludes, "is a 
group of people facing the same 
problems, the same strivings, the same 
vision. The church, theologically, is that. 
But practically it is and it isn't. That's 
something we have to work on." 

The work and the discipline Avery 
Brooke urges are finally not unlike the 
work and discipline of Lent. And the 
blessings to be found there are not 
unlike the promise of Easter: that we 
may begin to know God alive among us, 
abroad in the world. 

(Books by Avery Brooke include 
Doorway to Meditation, How to 
Meditate Without Leaving the World, 
and Hidden in Plain Sight, all Vineyard 
Books, Seabury Press) 

Miriam Marty is a graduate student in 
English at the University of North 
Carolina and a communicant of The 
Chapel of the Cross. 




Books by Avery Brook may be puchased 
at the EYC Book Nook at St. Stephen's 
Oxford. 



Diocesan Campaign Pledges 



Albemarle. Christ Church 


$ 14.700 


Lexington. Grace 


$ 23.752 


Ansonville. All Soul's 


4.000 


Littleton. St. Alban's 




Asheboro. Good Shepherd 


11.500 


Littleton. St. Anna's 




Battleboro. St. John's 


800 


Louisburg. St. Matthias' 




Burlington. Holy Comforter 


12.660 


Louisburg. St. Paul's 


9.500 


Burlington. St. Athanasius' 


450 


Mayodan. The Messiah 


2.000 


Cary, St. Paul's 


4.455 


Monroe. St. Paul's 


18.343 


Chapel Hill, Chapel of Cross 


63,168 


Mount Airy. Trinity 




Chapel Hill, Holy Family 


31,300 


Northhampton County. St. Luke's 




Charlotte, All Saints' 


774 


Oxford. St. Cyprian's 


1.701 


Charlotte, Christ Church 


122.200 


Oxford. St. Stephen's 


10.000 


Charlotte, Holy Comforter 


55,200 


Pittsboro. St. Bartholomew's 


4.000 


Charlotte, St. Andrew's 




Raleigh, Christ Church 


83,000 


Charlotte, St. Christopher's 


1,000 


Raleigh, Good Shepherd 




Charlotte, St. John's 


40.000 


Raleigh, St. Ambrose 


14.240 


Charlotte, St. Martin's 


58,000 


Raleigh. St. Augustine's 


263 


Charlotte, St. Michael's 


2,884 


Raleigh. St. Mark's 




Charlotte, St. Peter's 


24.000 


Raleigh, St. Mary's 




Cleveland. Christ Church 


1,600 


Raleigh. St. Michael's 




Concord, All Saints' (1 yr.) 


6,500 


Raleigh. St. Timothy's 




Cooleemee, Good Shepherd 




Reidsville. St. Thomas' 


14.980 


Davidson, St. Alban's 


1,200 


Ridgeway, Good Shepherd 




Durham, Ephphatha 


700 


Roanoke Rapids All Saints 


831 


Durham, St. Andrew's 


2,600 


Rockingham, The Messiah 




Durham, St. Joseph's 


4,000 


Rocky Mount Christ Church 


6,648 


Durham, St. Luke's 


11,024 


Rocky Mount Epiphany 


3.600 


Durham, St. Philip's (5 yr.) 


50,000 


Rocky Mount Good Shepherd 




Durham, St. Stephen's 


37,632 


Rocky Mount St. Andrew's 




Durham, St. Titus' 




Roxboro, St. Mark's 


3,703 


Eden, The Epiphany 


8,752 


Salisbury, St. Luke's 


11,171 


Eden, St. Luke's 


12,040 


Salisbury, St. Matthew's 


6.650 


Eden, St. Mary's 




Salisbury, St. Paul's 


2,500 


Elkin, Galloway Memorial 




Sanford, St. Thomas' 


15,000 


Enfield, The Advent 


546 


Scotland Neck, Trinity 


364 


Erwin. St. Stephen's 


3,400 


Smithfield, St. Paul's 




Fork, Ascension (1 yr.) 


100 


Southern Pines Emmanuel 


54,082 


Fuquay-Varina, Trinity 




Speed, St. Mary's 


1,825 


Gamer, St. Christopher's 




Statesville, Trinity ( 1 yr.) 


21,600 


Germanton, St. Philip's 




Tarboro, Calvary 


38,220 


Greensboro, All Saints' (8 yr.) 


16,000 


Tarboro, St. Luke's 


1,792 


Greensboro, Holy Trinity 


31,974 


Tarboro, St. Michael's 


4,800 


Greensboro, Redeemer 


1,600 


Thomasville, St. Paul's 


4,281 


Greensboro, St. Andrew's 




Townsville, Holy Trinity 




Greensboro, St. Barnabas' 


9,044 


Wadesboro, Calvary 


4,000 


Greensboro, St. Francis' 


"500 


Wake Forest, St. John Baptist 


1,500 


Halifax, St. Mark's 


1,200 


Walnut Cove, Christ Church 


2,000 


Hamlet, All Saints' 


8,000 


Warrenton, AH Saints' 


600 


Haw River, St. Andrew's 


1,400 


Warrenton, Emmanuel 




Henderson, Holy Innocents' 


9,361 


Weldon, Grace 




Henderson, St. John's 




Wilson, St. Mark's 


1,131 


High Point, St. Christopher's 




Wilson, St. Timothy's 


37,422 


High Point, St. Mary's 


40,000 


Winston-Salem St. Anne's 


4,080 


Hillsborough. St. Matthew's 




Winston Salem St. Paul's 




Huntersville, St. Mark's 


200 


Winston Salem St. Stephen's 


4,000 


Iredell County, St. James' 


980 


Winston-Salem St. Timothy's 


32,000 


Jackson, The Saviour 


1,666 


Woodleaf, St. George's 


400 


Kittrell, St. James' 




Yanceyville, St. Luke's 




Laurinburg, St. David's 




3 19 79 TOTAL 


$1,154,589 



The Communicant- April, 1 979 Page 




editorial 



In a letter to the editor published in this issue of The Commun- 
icant, George L. Margeson III, a communicant of St. Michael's, 
Raleigh, states his opposition to the construction of a new Diocesan 
Camp and Conference Center with admirable clarity. Whether or not 
one agrees with the position taken by Mr. Margeson, there is little 
doubt about where he stands on the $2 Million Campaign. Un- 
fortunately, the same can not be said of the rest of the diocese. 

To be sure, two million dollars is a considerable sum of money, 
particularly in these times of rising inflation and energy-related 
economic difficulties. Yet a little quick figuring reveals that if each of 
our 15,607 households increased its pledge by $32.03 per year for 
the next four years, the campaign would be over-subscribed. A net 
increase of only 61 C in our weekly pledge envelopes would provide 
all of the necessary funds to support both the construction of the 
proposed Camp and Conference Center and our Diocesan Venture 
in Mission at home and abroad. In short, if we all would give ac- 
cording to our ability, the goal would be easily within our reach. 

So the question is not whether the people of this diocese can raise 
the money, but whether we will And at the moment the answer to 
that question is far from certain. Seven months after the start of the 
campaign solicitation 35 of our 115 parishes have yet to make their 
pledge, among them some of the larger churches in the diocese. 
Moreover, the pace of the campaign appears to have slowed con- 
siderably—less than $40,000 has been added in the two months 
since the Diocesan Convention, bringing the total to $1,154,589, or 
just over 50% of the goal. 



sharing silently- 



Authorized by vote of the Diocesan Convention one year ago in 
response to a grass-roots initiative by the ECW and others, the 
Campaign seems to have bogged down around the halfway mark, 
with only two months remaining before the closing of the formal 
pledging period on June 30. 

Like the fabled glass of water, whether the Campaign treasury is 
half-full or half-empty depends upon one's point of view. And that is 
precisely what is wrong. Such an equivocal state of affairs does not 
square very well with the Church's responsibility to "let our yes be 
yes and our no be no" (James 5:12). It is the Church's responsibility 
to identify simply and unambiguously the proper work of the body of 
Christ. This is not an obligation to be discharged either casually or 
equivocally, as the "lukewarm" Christians of the church in Laodicea 
discovered to their sadness (Revelations 3:15-16). 

The diocese can live with the enthusiastic "YES!" of the ECW, 
who have supported the new Camp and Conference Center from its 
very beginnings, as well as with the resounding "NO!" of Mr. 
Margeson. It cannot live with an apathetic and timid "maybe", or the 
partial funding which such an attitude will inevitably 
produce. CWB 



letters 



By the Rev. Barry Kramer 

"Why do you have choir directors; 
deaf people can't sing 7 !" 

These words were spoken by several 
people who had noticed my list of 
appointments of parish leaders in a 
recent issue of "T.C.." our monthly 
newsletter for the Deaf Missions. It 
had never occurred to them that 
Dactylology, the language of signs, 
could be just as "musical" as any other 
language. 

In fact, deaf people so enjoy singing 
hymns that the Episcopal Conference 
of the Deaf has commissioned the 
translation of the 1940 Hymnal into a 
language which is suitable for use in 
sign language by deaf Christians 
everywhere. It is hoped that this 
adaptation will give much inspiration to 
their worship services. 

To fully appreciate this adapted 
hymnal, one must have a knowledge of 
the deaf and their sign language. Signs 
used in songs can be a very beautiful 
thing to see. Words for which no signs 
exist are changed for words that can 
be signed without changing the true 
meaning of the hymns. The "flow," or 
movement, from one sign to the next 



is also considered important. In our 
Durham/Raleigh and Winston-Salem 
congregations we use "choirs" of three 
or four people who sign together as if 
choreographed. One can sense the 
"rhythm" of the movements as easily 
as when reading a musical score. 

In the recent past, other 
denominations tackled the problem of 
providing a hymnal for the deaf, but 
the results were less than satisfactory. 
They all seem to "talk down" to the 
deaf people, thereby robbing worship 
of its intended majesty. Believing that 
many of the hymns in our Episcopal 
hymnal were quite usable, Mrs. Camille 
Desmarais (Marjorie), wife of the 
current president of the ECD, un- 
dertook the task of translation. The 
product is a loose-leaf book of 132 
hymns, selected from the various 
seasons of the church year. This 
hymnal is now being used by all of our 
deaf missions in the Diocese. 

So if you think deaf people can't 
sing, come and "see." All of our 
services are in Total Communication 
(speech and sign), and you are most 
welcome. Contact your Rector for time 
and place, or write to me in care of the 
Diocesan Office. 



The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787-6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Charlene LeGrand 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August /September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 




Dear Editor: 

Not many years ago I heard much of 
a stately mansion surrounded by lovely 
gardens, known to us as The Terraces; 
and I looked forward, with great 
anticipation, toward my first visit, as a 
recent participant in a vestry retreat. 

If you have had the occasion to visit 
The Terraces recently, you cannot be 
surprised at my utter dismay at the 
sight of a deteriorating building 
surrounded by a jungle of unkempt 
shrubbery. To enumerate the defects 
resulting from sheer neglect would 
absorb too much of your newsprint. 

That experience rekindled memories 
of another property operated by the 
Diocese of North Carolina. It was a 
camp and conference center (ring a 
bell?) located in the foothills of the 
North Carolina mountains which was 
leased to the Diocese for only $1 per 
year. 

The old main building contained the 
dining facilities, the cabins provided 
bunkroom space, the bam was the 
scene of basketball games (and other 
games), the swimming pool refreshed 
us on warm days, the camping space 
and hiking trails helped many 
youngsters learn to love the out-of- 
doors, and last but definitely not least 
was a beautiful, warm, and welcoming 
chapel where many of us worshipped. 
Yes, that was Vade Mecum, which 
was allowed to deteriorate to such an 
extent that a surrender of the property 
was eased through the Diocesan 
Convention only a few years ago. (The 
figures of $100,000 or maybe 
$200,000 stick in my mind as the 
projected cost of repairing the property 
and obtaining an adequate water 
supply— the main reasons offered for 
aborting our activities at Vade 
Mecum.) 

Now we are asked to contribute two 
million dollars (that's a lot of money, 
isn't it?) to develop a new camp and 
conference center. For what? To watch 
another fine property become a 
disgrace as did Vade Mecum and now 
The Terraces? 

With a track record such as has 
been demonstrated, I will not donate 
one cent to what I feel will be another 
fiasco, nor will I support any capital 
fund drive to obtain it. 

Sincerely, 

George L Margeson III 

St. Michael's 

Raleigh, N. C. 



Dear Editor: 

As I read Virginia W. Mathews' letter 
to the editor in the March issue of The 
Communicant, a smile came across 
my face, thinking I was reading the 
tongue-in-cheek type letter of which I 
am so fond. Very quickly, the smile 
disappeared as I realized she was 
serious in her desire to keep the 
prisoner "kept." 

I work for the Ex-Convicts 
Organization (ECO, pronounced echo) 
in Charlotte, the only organization of 
its kind in North Carolina. ECO was 
founded in 1973 to fill the needs of ex- 
cons and to keep them ex-cons. We 
began working for reform in our 
prisons and our criminal justice 
system. Included in our brochure is 
this: "We use prisons in two ways. ..to 
protect ourselves from dangerous 
individuals... but mostly to punish 
people for their bad deeds. But in 
trying to punish them, we often punish 
ourselves more. 83% of all prisoners 
are convicted for non-violent crimes. 
These people are then incarcerated 
with violent criminals... they learn 
dangerous skills in prison... they 
become alienated... they lose touch 
with our changing world..." 

In North Carolina we imprison too 
many for too long. Our state has 261 
inmates per 100,000 population— the 
highest in the nation! In prisons that 
are antiquated, overcrowded — under 
conditions that are creating hard-core 
problems. 

Ms. Mathews agrees that we should 
"find the lost, heal the broken, and 
feed the hungry." What better place to 
start than in our prison system! 

Sincerely, 

Pat LeNeave 

Holy Comforter Church 

Charlotte, N.C. 

Dear Editor: 

At the 1978 Diocesan Convention in 
Greensboro Bishop Fraser stated that 

(1) the Church is in deep trouble, and 

(2) the Trial Liturgies, if adopted, will 
probably not last ten years. 

Many Church members are unhappy. 
Some are leaving the Church, and 
financial support of the Church is 
greatly reduced. 

Very little opportunity is given to the 
laity to express its opinions. At the 
1978 Diocesan Convention a 
resolution was made that a referendum 
be held to allow the lay people to 



Page 4-The Communicant- April. 1979 



Single people — the church's invisible members 



By Doris Bloxham 

If Jesus walked into your church on 
Sunday morning, would he feel 
welcome? Or would he hear only 
announcements about "family night 
suppers," "couples club meetings," 
"couples classes," and couples-only 
retreats such as Koininia and Cursillo? 

Would he, as a single adult, feel as 
much like an outsider as some of our 
brothers and sisters do who have 
recently been separated or divorced, 
who feel alienated or rejected by a 
family-oriented church which does not 
seem to know what to do with those 
people who, for whatever reason, do 
not fit within the typical mother- father- 
2.5 children configuration. 



It is time the church pulled its head 
out of the sand and looked at its own 
situation and the realities in the world 
around it. For example: 

•There is one single adult for every 
married couple in the U.S. 

•Single adults do not seek the 
church as a place to meet their needs, 
but turn instead to secular agencies for 
counseling and support and to singles 
bars and secular singles groups for 
acceptance and meaningful relation- 
ships. 

•Young adults between 18-24 make 
up the smallest segment of church 
population to begin with, and those 
who separate and divorce often drift 
away from a church seemingly ignorant 
and uncaring of their needs. 



our common life 




By Martha Holloman 

Dear Friend in the pew 

or at home in a stew: 

For over forty years, I've been doing 
something for which I've had no 
talent— "singing" in the choir (obviously 
starting as a mere toddler). I know I 
can't sing and you know I can't sing, 
but I want you to know that I know I 
can't sing. For most of these years I 
have at least made a joyful noise, but 
frequently now I can't make even a 
sound. I mouth any note over a "C," 
and even to me my voice sounds 
raspy. 

I've sung in the choir when I didn't 
like the hymns, when I didn't like the 
sermons, when choir practice didn't go 
to suit me, when I was irritated by a 
sometimer's saying "Are you going to 
sing with us today?", when I was 
furious that the confirmation service 
from the proposed book was forced on 
me eighteen months before the book 
might be adopted. And now, I'm 
singing in the choir when I'm heartsick 
and even soul sick at the direction the 
Episcopal Church is taking. 



Why? Because I was reared in a 
family and in a church during a time 
when responsibility was something you 
assumed whether or not the situation 
was always pleasant and to your liking. 
I can't sing, but frequently my physical 
presence makes the difference in 
having a choir or not having one. 

"That's the trouble with the church," 
you say; "there are too many 
hypocrites in it." My reply is, "What 
better place for a hypocrite than in 
church— even doing something that is 
not always rewarding?" 

Trinity Church needs a choir, and 
the choir needs people — not just those 
with beautiful voices but any of you 
who can make a joyful noise and are 
willing to make the sacrifice, whatever 
it may be. 

When not singing in the choir, 
Martha Holloman, a life-long com- 
municant of Trinity Church, is the 
Director of the Halifax County Library. 
This article originally appeared in The 
Trinity "T's," the church newsletter, 
from which it has been reprinted with 
permission. 



express their wishes on the Prayer 
Book issue. The resolution was not 
placed before the Convention until it 
was almost time to adjourn. The clergy 
were asked not to speak to the issue, 
and the lay delegates were asked to 
limit their remarks to two minutes 
each. Then the resolution was voted 
down by a voice vote of the clergy and 
lay delegates. 

In this connection we must 
remember that the lay delegates are, 
for the most part, selected by the 
clergy, either by appointment or 
recommendation. At the convention 
(1978) only one person out of four 
delegates from Holy Trinity Parish 
supported the 1928 Prayer Book. 
Please keep this in mind while we 
consider the following. 

At Holy Trinity Parish a referendum 
was held to give the parishioners a 
chance to express themselves on the 
Prayer Book issue. The votes were as 
follows: 51% for the 1928 Prayer 
Book, 19% for the Trial Liturgies, 
30% for retaining both. 

Among the 30% were some who felt 
that it was the only way to retain the 
1928 Prayer Book. These were, in 
reality, voting for the 1928 Book. 
Presiding Bishop Allen is in this group. 

Holy Trinity is a parish where the 
clergy has energetically promoted the 



Trial Liturgies from the beginning. This 
makes the percentages shown above 
even more meaningful. 

This letter is not intended to be a 
criticism of the clergy, but rather to 
call the clergy's attention to a 
distressing situation which is so 
damaging to the Church and to plead 
for reconsideration. There is no 
question that the members of the 
clergy have been honest in their 
convictions and have had the best 
interest of the Church at heart. But the 
clergy, rather than the laity, will make 
the final decision, and it is an 
awesome responsibility. 

Recently momentum has been 
swinging to the 1928 Prayer Book. 
After a stand has been taken, it 
requires more strength of character for 
a person to change his or her position 
than it does not to change. 

Surely all churchmen feel that the 
good of the Church is more important 
than the Trial Liturgies, even if some 
should like the Trial Liturgies. 

Members of the clergy, please give 
this matter your prayerful recon- 
sideration. You must decide the issue. 
Help us keep the 1928 Prayer Book. 

Sincerely, 

William C. Ramsey 

Greensboro, N.C. 



To understand the import of these 
cold statistics it is helpful to hear what 
single people themselves have to say 
about the church's response to their 
particular situations. 

Most feel that the only accepted 
standard for Christian living is the 
nuclear family; and because they do 
not fit that particular pattern, they are 
somehow "less" than those who 
do. Many singles are asked to do only 
menial jobs in their churches and few 
are ever asked to serve on governing 
bodies. 

Once, several years ago a singles 
group which had offered to take on a 
class for young children in the church I 
was attending was turned down 
because of the fear that because they 
were single, "they might not teach the 
right ideas." Yet some single women 
teach Sunday School simply because 
they don't feel they fit into the couple- 
oriented adult Sunday School classes. 

Meals and social functions are 
avoided by many singles because they 
are made to feel awkward attending 
alone. (This is true for many people 
other than singles, such as married 
persons whose spouse is away or does 
not attend the church.) 

Many singles do not develop 
relationships with couples for fear of 
being a threat to their relationship. 
And many are given the clear message 
that their presence threatens others 
when they are not invited to social 
events without a date. 

What all these things shout to the 
single adult is the message: "You don't 
fit. You don't belong." 

What are some of the things we can 
do as Christians if we are to take 
seriously our ministry to ALL 
people???? We can: 

1) sponsor and design events where 
single and married adults can begin to 
know, trust, learn from, and support 
each other; 

2) stop feeling sorry for singles and 
see them as valuable, contributing, 
unique individuals (hopefully as we see 
everyone else); 



books 




3) work toward an elimination of 
legislative discrimination against single 
adults in our society (i.e., tax im- 
balances, social security reform, fair 
divorce settlements, etc.); 

4) be intentional about our language 
in our life together, and be careful 
about exclusions of persons; 

5) Begin exploration in the national 
and local Church of the whole area of 
human sexuality and do some straight 
talking about what it means to be 
sexual and a Christian; 

Singles need to feel accepted, to 
have a place where they feel needed, a 
place where they are free to share 
pain, doubts, problems, and joy. How 
is that different from any of us? 

I challenge you to help make a place 
for single adults in your life, to seek 
them out in the larger communities 
surrounding you, to extend a hand as 
together we seek honesty, belonging, 
and purpose. In accepting each other, 
we realize that we are all children of a 
loving God who is, after all, the 
ultimate in the single-parent family. 

Doris Bloxham is Minister of 
Programs and Education at St. John's 
Episcopal Church, Charlotte. 




By The Rev. Claudius Miller III 

CHAPEL HILL-Every Sunday 
morning for ten months, some 80,000 
Episcopalians— 7,000 clergy and 
73,000 teachers— awaken with the 
"low dreads," the inevitable con- 
sequence of having to teach Sunday 
School bereft of confidence or joy. 

This May, The Educational Center in 
St. Louis will seek to relieve those 
valiant and beleaguered servants with 
the introduction of a new curriculum 
called Centerquest. 

Ranging from nursery through adult 
education and costing most 
congregations less than $500, Cen- 
terquest uses the Bible and carefully 
selected contemporary literature as the 
matrix for religious self-awareness. 
Cost of Centerquest is a one-time 
investment. 

More than 30 years of research in 
classrooms in the United States and 
Canada have shaped the intent and 
mode of the material. The "how to do 
it" is clearly defined; training is 
essential to preparation; no homework 
or year-long commitments are 
necessary; and both the need for 
classical, Christian learning as well as 



the need of students to know for 
themselves is contained within the 
courses. Eighty Centerquest veterans 
are available to assist congregations in 
initiating the curriculum. 

Centerquest consists of a series of 
eight manuals, an Orientation and 
Training Manual and Teacher's 
Manuals for grades K through 12 and 
Adult. The combination of Biblical 
teachings and contemporary literature 
make Centerquest uniquely refreshing. 

The Center as an educational 
research facility was established in 
1940 by the late Dr. Charles Pen- 
niman. He was succeeded in 1958 by 
the Rev. Elsom Eldridge. In nearly four 
decades, the Center's work has been 
distinguished by close attention to 
detail, an intimacy with the realities of 
the classroom and a catholic sense of 
the Christian's need to understand. 
Further information can be obtained 
from The Educational Center, 6357 
Clayton Road, St. Louis, Mo. 63117. 

Claudius Miller is an Episcopal Priest 
canonically resident in the Diocese of 
Missouri and presently enjoying a 
sabbatical in Chapel Hill. 



The Communicant- April. 1979-Page ^ 



Shaking 'em up at St Peter 's 



A young priest 
shares a provocative 
and unsettling Gospel 
with a Sunday school 
class in Charlotte. 



photo by Mark B. Sluder 




By Frye Gaillard 

CHARLOTTE— A midmoming 
Sunday school class. 

Not exactly what Luis Leon had in 
mind when he immersed himself in 
Virginia Theological Seminary five years 
ago, culling from the writings of 
Reinhold Niebuhr or applying St. 
Augustine's 3rd-century genius to the 
headlines of the New York Times. 

But Leon is not unhappy. He feels 
comfortable in a room full of Bible- 
starved adults — secular and prosperous 
people, who seldom sense much 
connection between their day-to-day 
lives and the radical good news of Jesus 
Christ. 

Leon is convinced there is a con- 
nection; and as assistant minister at St. 
Peter's Episcopal Church, he's em- 
barked on a course to make it more real. 

St. Peter's is a congenial environment 
for a man like Leon. Plopped in the heart 
of downtown Charlotte on the comer of 
7th and Tryon Streets, its constituency 
is diverse and challenging — a handful of 
Blacks, a sprinkling of young 
professionals, and a solid core of old-line 
Charlotte families whose Episcopal 
credentials are thoroughly in order. 

Leon, a lanky, 29-year-old, Cuban- 
bom minister with a hearty laugh and a 
curly black beard, takes unabashed 
delight in shaking them up. 

He'll amble into a grown-ups' Sunday 
school class, settle himself in a padded 
chair, and cut loose with a grinning, 
good-natured assault on pointless 
traditions. He'll question how badly the 
church needs bishops or whether 



everyone, including himself, wouldn't 
find value in a rebuttal period at the end 
of a sermon. 

Occasionally such suggestions draw 
gasps of dismay. When they do, Leon is 
pleased. 

Like a handful of other young 
ministers in Charlotte and nearby cities, 
he is committed to a vibrant, unsettling 
brand of Christianity — a view that the 
message of Jesus is, by definition, a 
provocative force in American society. 

Leon has yet to set off any major- 
league controversies, but he's aware of 
the possibility. 

Five years ago, one of his friends, a 
31 -year-old United Church of Christ 
minister named Clarence Stumb, invited 
a Black prison inmate to worship with 
his followers at St. Matthews Com- 
munity Church in northern Charlotte. In 
the process, Stumb lost a sizable chunk 
of his congregation. 

Leon applauds such stands. But he 
also believes there are more subtle and 
troublesome challenges than holding the 
line on a clear-cut issue. The greatest 
difficulties, he says, lie in somehow 
communicating his own theology— his 
view that Christianity is devoid of easy 
truths. 

He can say in a sermon that Jesus "is 
a messiah without a messiah complex. 
He promises only what a latter-day 
realist promised: blood, sweat, and 
tears. No quick victory, no easy 
conquest, no instant paradise." 

Or he can try to say, as he did 
Sunday, that possessiveness has 
become the dominant value in American 
society— affecting not only how we 



relate to material things but how we 
approach our faith. 

"We speak of having faith," he said, 
"of possessing answers that relieve one 
of the hard tasks of thinking for oneself. 
That kind of faith is a crutch for those 
who want to be certain, who want an 
answer to life without having to search 
for it themselves." 

But as his parishioners file from 
church, spewing the usual post-sermon 
congratulations, it invariably occurs to 
Leon that he may not have gotten 
through, may not have really conveyed 
the elusive, enigmatic tensions that lie at 
the heart of his Christian understanding. 

So he continues chipping away, and 
every now and then there are moments 
when it all falls together. 

At a Bible study group last Tuesday, 
he launched a discussion about the 
mingled humanity and divinity of 
Jesus— focusing most on the humanity, 
on the idea of Jesus as a person who 
lived through all the temptations and 
hardships that afflict ordinary people. 

"Oh, I never thought of him that way," 
said one middle-aged woman. 

"Ah," said Leon, "that is precisely the 
point. Jesus was a human being who 
provided the consummate example of 
how to cope and who offered total 
forgiveness for those who fail." 

He paused for a moment to let the 
idea sink in, smiled when it seemed to, 
and then said simply: "Well, let's do it 
again next week." 

Frye Gaillard writes on religion for 
The Charlotte Observer, in which this 
article originally appeared. 



Thinking about camp? 
Eastern diocese offers 3 

'Summerthing for everyone' 



WASHINGTON, N.C.— What are 
you doing this summer? Want to learn 
to swim? Find constellations in the night 
sky? How about a canoe expedition 
through the sounds, or a cycle tour 
down the Outer Banks? Want to smell 
some salt air while you work on reading 
skills? 

The Diocese of East Carolina offers 
three great summer programs with 
something for everyone — adults as well 
as kids. 

Camp Oceanside on Topsail 
Island works primarily with children 
who could not otherwise afford two 
weeks at summer camp. As the 
outreach camp of the Diocese of East 
Carolina, it provides tutoring as part of 
its daily program, and campers play, 
worship and study in a beach setting. 
There are two sessions with a fee of $50 
for each of the two- week programs: 

•Session I— ages 9-11, June 17-28. 

•Session //-ages 12-15, July 1-12. 
For more information contact manager 
Neal Stitt, 400 Bunch Drive, Goldsboro, 
N.C. 27530 (919-735-2180) 

At Camp Leach on the Pamlico, 
most of our activities grow from the 
natural, God-given environment — 
sailing, canoeing, swimming, star- 
gazing. The Camp Leach program also 
includes sports, arts and crafts, and 
cabin life. Kids from ages 9-15 are 
welcome at one of our four sessions: 

•Jr. High Conference-ior those 
entering grades 7-9, June 24- July 1; 

•Discoverers I— tor those entering 



grades 4-6, July 5-15; 

•Explorers— for those entering 




grades 5-7, July 19-29; 

•Discoverers II — for those entering 
grades 4-6, August 2-12. 
The Junior High Conference will cost 
$100.00; all other programs will cost 
$120.00. For more information contact 
the Registrar, Camp Leach, Route 2- 
Box 391, Washington, N.C. 27889 
(919-923-4221). 

Growing Edge is the Diocese of 
East Carolina's new outdoor program 
for high school students and adults. 
Four canoe expeditions and one cycle 
tour will each begin with a day of team- 
building on the Camp Leach ropes 
course. Starting in the Dismal Swamp, 
the canoe trips will then paddle through 
Currituck, Albemarle and Pamlico 



A canoe trip makes its way 
Sounds, before returning to Camp 
Leach. The cycle tour will circle the 
sound area via the Outer Banks and also 
return to Camp Leach. Growing 
Edge is an exciting adventure: 

•Canoe Expedition J— ages 18 and 
older, May 14-21, fee $85; 

•Canoe Expedition 2— ages 15-18, 
June24-Julyl,fee$85; 

•Canoe Expedition 3— ages 15-18, 
July 5-15, fee $110; 



through Pamlico Sound. 

•Canoe Expedition 4 — ages 15-18, 
July 19-29, fee $110; 

•Cycle Tour— ages 16 and older, 
August 2-12, fee $110. 
For more information contact Robin 
Hulbert, Rt. 2-Box 391, Washington, 
N.C. 27889 (919-923-4221). 

Scholarships are available for all 
programs for children and adults. More 
information may be obtained by writing 
to the camp of your choice. 



Paof 6 The Communicant April. 1979 



Bishop Coadjutor Nominating Committee 



Under the terms of the resolution passed by the 163rd 
Diocesan Convention in Raleigh last January, the 18-member 
Nominating Committee consists of: 

"...one lay person and one clergyman from each of the five 
Convocations in the Diocese (the electing body in each case to 
consist of the delegates to this 163rd Annual Convention); two 
members of the Standing Committee, elected by it; four 
members of the Diocesan Council, elected by it, and two 



Northeast 



Northwest 



members to be appointed by the Bishop to correct any imbalance 
in the Nominating Committee. " 

Elections held in early March placed the following people on 
the Nominating Committee. Addresses and telephone numbers 
have been provided to enable the people of the diocese to 
communicate directly with members of the committee 
throughout the nominating process on matters relating to the 
election of a Bishop Coadjutor. 

Diocesan Council 




The Rev. Downs Spitler 

Rector, St. Timothy's, Wilson 

P.O. Box 22 

Wilson, N.C. 27893 

919-291-8220 




The Rev. Barry J. Kramer 1 *"*iit 



Diocesan Missioner to the Deaf 

35 London Lane, Route 1 

Mebane, N.C. 27302 

919-563-3077 



Claude Mayo, Jr. 

Good Shepherd, Rocky Mount 

1604 Waverly Drive 

Rocky Mount, N.C. 27801 

919-442-3189 



Sandhills 




Marin G. Follin 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro 

307 Wentworth Drive 

Greensboro, N.C. 27408 

919-273-7810 



Southwest 





The Rev. William P. Price 

Rector, St. Mary's 

106 West Farris St. 

High Point, N.C. 27261 

919-889-9042 



The Rev. Peter James Lee 

Rector, Chapel of the Cross 

304 E. Franklin St. 

Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514 

919-929-2193 




Mary Ann Rice 

All Saints', Hamlet 

P.O. Box 948 

Hamlet, N.C. 28345 

919-582-1859 





The Rev. Frank G. Dunn 

Rector, St. Andrew's, 

3601 Central Avenue 

Charlotte, N.C. 28205 

704-537-0370 



The Rev. Roland Whitmire 



Rector.Church of the Messiah 

P.O. Box 1313 

Rockingham, N.C. 28379 

919-895-2373 



Central 





J. Emmett Sebrell 

Christ Church, Charlotte 

2111 Coniston Place 

Charlotte, N.C. 28207 

704-372-3250 



Standing Committee 




Jacob H. Froelich, Jr. 

St. Mary's, High Point 

212N.WrennSt. 

High Point, N.C. 27261 

919-882-9411 



St. Paul's, Louisburg 

P.O. Box 116 

Louisburg, N.C. 27549 

919-496-4806 




Alfred Purrington, III 

Christ Church, Raleigh 

P.O. Box 831 

Raleigh, N.C. 27602 

919-828-7214 



Bishop's Appointments 




Rose C. Flannagan 

Holy Innocents, Henderson 

320 Granite St. 

Henderson, N.C. 27536 

919-438-5303 



The Rev. Arthur Calloway 



Rector, St. Ambrose 

813 Darby Drive 

Raleigh, N.C. 27610 

919-833-8055 




Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 

Good Shepherd, Raleigh 

P.O. Box 2417 

Raleigh, N.C. 27602 

919-821-1150 





Dr. Charles W. Orr 

St. Titus', Durham 

137 Oakmont Circle 

Durham, N.C. 27713 

919-544-3318 



Laura L. Hooper 

St. Stephen's, Winston-Salem 

2451 Dellabrook Road 

Winston-Salem, N.C. 27105 

919-722-4998 




The Communicant-April. 1979 



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Vol.69, No.5 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



May, 1979 



Church leaders defeat divorce bill 



RALEIGH— Strong opposition at the 
last possible moment by North 
Carolina's religious leaders caused the 
defeat of legislation on Thursday, May 
17, which would have reduced the 
separation period for divorce from one 
year to six months. 

The bill, which had already passed 
the Senate, failed to win final approval 
in the House by a vote of 39-62. 

Passage of the legislation had 
seemed almost certain earlier in the 
month, when the House gave its 
tentative approval 56-36 on Friday, 
May 4. Over the weekend an in- 
terdenominational lobbying effort led 
by Episcopal bishop Thomas Fraser 
and N.C. Council of Churches director 
Collins Kilburn, won a delay of the 
final vote, which had been scheduled 
for the following Monday. 

A letter to every member of the 
House of Representatives signed by 16 
religious leaders and members of the 
N.C. Council of Churches got the bill 
returned to committee. 

The eleventh-hour move surprised 
legislators in both the House and the 
Senate, where the bill had previously 
encountered little resistance. The bill's 
sponsor. Sen. James H. Edwards. D- 
Caldwell, criticized church leaders for 
their past silence on the issue. 

Acknowledging that the church had 
been "a little bit late at the switch,". 
Bishop Fraser argued that "if we don't 
get interested in people and their 
problems, then we ought to lock up 
shop." 

Opponents of the bill leaned heavily 
on the argument that a shorter 



separation period would lead to "easy" 
remarriage. 

"The real problem is that there is 
easy remarriage after divorce, and the 
only way to prevent people from 
running from one mistake to another is 
to legislate time," Fraser argued in 
testimony before a House panel later in 
the week. 

Proponents of the proposed 
legislation argued that the one-year 
waiting period only prolonged the 
agony of those people who were 
headed toward divorce. 

As late as it was in coming, the 
church leaders' opposition to the bill 
was effectively coordinated, and within 
a week they had picked up strong 
editorial support from The Raleigh 
New and Observer and The Green- 
sboro Daily News, as well as key 
political support from Rep. Bertha M. 
Holt, D-Alamance and Rockingham. 

The bill was sent to the House for its 
third reading and was defeated 
handily, 62-39. Opponents im- 
mediately applied "a clincher", a rarely- 
used parliamentary device, to insure 
that the bill could not be reconsidered 
for the remainder of the current 
legislative session. 

"It was quite a dramatic reversal," 
said Kilburn. "It illustrates the potential 
political clout churches can have on an 
issue of there is a broad consensus of 
opinion among church leaders." 

"We can't conclude that we have 
clout on every issue, but it is my hope 
that now we will have the confidence 
to mobilize church people behind other 
legislative issues," he added. 



Rep. H. Parks Helms. D- 
Mecklenburg, floor manager for the bill 
in the House, seemed in agreement on 
the potential political power of the 



church. "It's hard to beat the chur- 
ches — even when they're wrong," the 
legislator observed. 




Sometimes it hurts 



MONTROUrS, HAITI-Marian 
Smallegan. of UNC's School of Nursing 
and a member of Holy Family. Chapel Hill, 
supervises the April immunization clinic in 
Montrouis. Haiti. Over 700 schoolchildren 
were immunized against diptheria, ten- 
tanus, polio and typhoid during the second 
of two week-long medical missions 
recently sponsored by the Venture in 



Mission Education Committee. 

Twelve physicians, nurses, dentists and 
assistants representing seven Episcopal 
parishes took part in the first stage of the 
work which is featured in a photo essay 
beginning on page 6 of this issue of The 
Communicant. More medical teams are 
scheduled for the future. 



Evans steps down at 97th Annual Meeting^ 



ECW pledges $100,000 to Conference Center 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

SALISBURY— A resolution pledging 
$100,000 to the construction of the 
proposed Camp and Conference 
Center and the installation of 
President-elect Mary Harris highlighted 
the 97th annual meeting of the 
Episcopal Churchwomen which was 
held at St. Luke's Church May 1 and 2. 
"Ministry: A Gift to Christians" was 
the theme of the two-day meeting, at 
which some 250 delegates adopted 
resolutions calling for: 

•the length of the Triennial 
meeting at General Convention to be 
shortened to seven days; 

•limitations on the funding of 
future Triennal meetings; 

•support of Senate Bill No. 276 
and its proposed changes in the state 
system of foster care; 

•and a pledge "of at least 
$100,000" toward the construction of 
one of the cottages at the proposed 
Camp and Conference Center to be 
named in honor of the Episcopal 
Churchwomen. 

Outgoing President Scott Evans 
recalled the contributions made by the 
ECW during her address at the 
opening session Tuesday afternoon. 

Noting "the historic patience of our 
mothers and grandmothers who 



accepted their roles in the Church with 
love and dedication though they had 
neither voice nor vote," she reminded 
the delegates of their debt to "untiring 
efforts of the churchwomen who 
worked for 24 years to bring that 
omission to an end." 
"It has been my privilege to serve at a 




Delegates work on their needlepoint 
during a break in the Annual Meeting. 



time when women are being given 
opportunities in ministry in the Church 
never before possible, and I have felt it 
to be my responsibility to speak for 
them and to remind the Church in our 
Diocese that it was rarely offering us 
opportunities to serve in policymaking 
and leadership positions. 

"It is with thanksgiving that I tell you 
many heard and have responded 
during these three years. In some 
quarters of the Church, however, 
women continue to be used as tokens. 
Therefore we must continue to support 
one another as we seek to change the 
patterns of the past." 

Acknowledging that "there are those 
in the Church who think we have 
outlived our purpose," Evans pointed 
out that ECW continues to exist and to 
flourish because women have always 
been willing to dare to reach out in 
faith." 

"We have an innate sense of loving 
concern about the needs of others and 
we respond to them. We provide 
continuing opportunities for education 
and spiritual growth; we are actively 
involved in numerous outreach 
projects: and we raise money for 
missions at home, in the nation, and 
abroad. 

"We also offer leadership training 
and act as a support group for women. 



I believe that the ministry of the ECW 
is valid and still vital to the life of the 
Church in our diocese." 

The outgoing President challenged 
the delegates to pledge $100,000 for 
the construction of a cottage at the 
planned Camp and Conference Center 
in Greensboro, suggesting that the 
amount be raised without pledges or 
assessment, "but through money freely 
given from all of us working together." 
She also urged support for the 
diocesan Venture-In-Mission cam- 
paign. 

Noting the increase in single people 
in the general population. Evans 
suggested that existing organizational 
structures do not minister to their 
particular needs. "Because concern for 
working women and single persons, 
male and female, constitutes a 
problem that is very real in most 
parishes. I would like to see our 
diocese sponsor a day long conference 
for these members and offer mini- 
workshops on issues which are of 
concern to them: legal matters, 
financial - advice, gift identification, 
leadership skills, single parenting, and 
spiritual and educational growth. This 
is an area where the Church at large 
needs to use creative thinking and offer 

(See ECW, p.3) 



newshriefs 



state and local 



Episcopalians celebrate 100 
years in Alamance 

BURLINGTON— More than 350 
Episcopalians in Alamance County 
joined in a celebration April 29 to 
commemorate the building of St. 
Athanasius' Church in Company Shops, 
N.C. 100 years ago. Members of St. 
Andrew's, Haw River, St. Athanasius' 
Chapel for the Deaf, Burlington, and 
Holy Comforter, Burlington, gathered 
with clergy and former members and 
visitors for the 10:30 service at Holy 
Comforter. 

The service was signed for the deaf, 
and followed the rubrics of the 1789 
Prayer Book which was still in use in 
1879. 

About an hour before the service, 
former clergy joined with members past 
and present to swap stories, smiles, 
and reminiscences. Immediately 
following the service, the Rev. J. R. 
Fortune was honored for 34 years of 
ministry among the deaf in the Diocese. 

The day began with a special time of 
remembering as Fortune as well as 
other clergy reminisced about ex- 
periences from the past. Fortune 
recalled some of the times when he had 
"butterflies in his stomach" as he began 
his ministry among the deaf people. 
Following a service conducted exactly 
as it was done in 1879, the Rev. Barry 
Kramer presented Fortune with a 
beautifully framed certificate. After a 
brief pause, James asked the 
congregation if they had ever "seen a 
preacher at a loss for words?" Signing 
as he spoke, James then shared a bit of 
his philosophy of ministry. "1 have 
always asked the deaf people," he said, 
"to think of me as one of them, a deaf 
person who could hear a little and 
speak a little." The tears in the eyes of 
many present witnessed to the fact that 
his ministry and the name Fortune will 
be an inspiration for many years to 

Following the Service, a picnic was 
held in the Church Grove, near the old 
church of St. Athanasius and the 
Fortune Fellowship Hut, named for 
Roma Fortune, James' older brother. 
The entire Fortune family was present, 
including a sister from Virginia. More 
than 50 members of the deaf missions 
also attended the ceremonies, which 
were interpreted 




Si. Aug's President in 
spotlight 

RALEIGH— Honors piled upon 
honors have elevated Dr. Prezell R. 
Robinson, President of St. Augustine's 
College, Raleigh, to the top ranks of 
American educators. Robinson heads 
the United Negro College Fund as well 
as the United Board for College 
Development, organizations 
representing fifty institutions of higher 
learning. 

A frequent traveler in Africa and 
other parts of the third world on special 
assignments for the State Department, 
Dr. Robinson was recently invited to 
Washington by Secretary of State, 
Cyrus Vance, for a briefing of national 
leaders of foreign policy. 

He is president of the Tri-Continental 
Association, an organization which 
provides expert support personnel for 
developing nations. And last fall Dr. 
Robinson was elected a member of the 
Board of Directors of the prestigious 
American Council on Education, the 
umbrella organization for all post- 
secondary education in America. 



All Saint's gets new rector 

CONCORD-The Rev. Robert L. 
Sessum, formerly assistant to the rector 
of Christ Church, Raleigh, was in- 
stituted as the 16th rector of All Saints' 
Church, Concord. The Rev. Robert L. 
Haden, Jr., dean of the Southwest 
Convocation, officiated at the service of 
institution for the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. 
Fraser. 

The Rev. Frank G. Dunn, rector of 
St. Andrew's, Charlotte, served as 
master of ceremonies, and the Rev. 
Daniel Sapp, rector of Christ Church, 
Raleigh, preached the sermon. 

During the service members of the 
congregation presented their new rector 
with the symbols of his new office, 
including wine, oil, bread, a stole, and 
the key to the church building. The 
Senior and Junior Choir presented 
special anthems for the occasion under 
the direction of Choir Director Jane 
Cain. 




Tarheel runs in Beantown 
marathon 

BOSTON-On Monday, April 16, 
the Rev. Robert Malm took Hebrews 
12:2 to heart and his jogging shoes to 
the finish line of the 82nd running of 
the famed Boston Marathon. Malm, 
assistant to the rector at St. Mary's, 
High Point, and a lacrosse coach at 
Guilford College, finished the 26-mile, 
385-yard course in well under the three- 
hour mark, with a time of 2:48:47. 

Though this was his first time running 
in Boston, the 27-year-old priest "felt 
great all the way." 

"I had not trained that hard this 
winter, but I ran pretty strong through 
the hills and I decided I'd go as far as I 
could." 

Heeding the advice of the author of 
Hebrews "to keep running steadily in 
the race that we have started," Malm 
finished just 39 minutes behind the 
record-breaking finish of Bill Rodgers 
and well ahead of hundreds of other 
runners. 

"I got a little cold from the run, and it 
started to rain about the time I passed 
the eight mile mark. But the last six 
miles were very good. The hills weren't 
as bad as I thought they would be." 




Durham priest hits talk-show 
circuit for VIM — Look out, 
Johnny Carson! 

DURHAM-On Monday, April 30, 
the Rev. Joshua T. MacKenzie stepped 
out of the chancel and into the 
television studio of WTVD for a brief 
stint on the Peggy Mann Show. 
MacKenzie, rector of St. Stephen's, 
Durham, was on the afternoon talk 
show to talk about St. Stephen's 
commitment to build a church in 
Paraguay as part of its involvement in 
the Diocesan Venture in Mission 
campaign. 

Although Nielson ratings are not yet 
in, it appears that MacKenzie did quite 
well in his video debut and more than 
held his own against fierce competition 
from "The Young and the Restless" and 
"Days of Our Lives." Peggy Mann, the 
show's producer, is a member of St. 
Luke's, Durham. 



world and national 




Episcopal Peace Fellowship 
appoints new national coor- 
dinator 

WASHINGTON. D.C.-The 
Episcopal Peace Fellowship has named 
Andrew G. Lang as national coor- 
dinator and director of EPF's 
Washington office. 

Lang is a former newspaper reporter 
and press aide to U. S. Rep. William R. 
Cotter (D-Conn.). 

Founded in 1939, the Episcopal 
Peace Fellowship is a community of 
Christians pledged to work, pray, and 
study for peace. Its concerns include 
the draft, capital punishment, nuclear 
disarmament, and religious freedom. 

The fellowship is allied with the 
historic peace churches and with anti- 
war communities in the Roman 
Catholic, Orthodox, and evangelical 
churches. It is at present the only 
Episcopal group working on Capitol 
Hill. 

The EPF's national chairman, the 
Rev. Nathaniel W. Pierce of Nampa, 
Idaho, said Lang's appointment 
coincides with "a year of decision" for 
EPF and the Episcopal Church. 

"The gains Christians worked for 
during the past two decades are 
slipping away," he said. "Congress is 
debating a return to the draft system, 
more states are demanding the death 
penalty, and the present Administration 
has proposed an increase in military 
spending at the expense of the poorest 
and hungriest people in America." 

Father Pierce said the Episcopal 
Church's General Convention, meeting 
this September in Denver, "must not 
pretend these problems of life and 
death do not exist." 

Lang replaces Tish Kendig, who 
resigned in March to join her family in 
California. 

Bishop Kivengere returns to 
Uganda 

NEW YORK-A Ugandan Anglican 
bishop who has been in exile from his 
diocese for the past two years has now 
returned to his country and Church 
"with great joy" following the change of 
government in Uganda. 

The Rt. Rev. Festo Kivengere, Bishop 
of the Diocese of Kigezi of the Church 
of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and 
Boga-Zaire, has spent the past two 
years in exile from his diocese and 
people following the murder of Ar- 
chbishop Janani Luwum of the Church 
of Uganda. He and his wife fled 
Uganda on foot after being warned that 
he was on the execution list of 
President Idi Amin. 

A new provisional government was 
set up in Moshe, Tanzania, about five 
weeks ago, Bishop Kivengere said at a 
press conference at the Episcopal 
Church Center here on April 27. He 
reported that he and other Ugandan 
exiles met there to set up a government 
that would "bring back an atmosphere 
of relief." The new president, Yusufu K. 
Lule— who is an Anglican— was 
described by the bishop as an "ex- 
perienced civil servant." 

Tanzanian troops began an ex- 
pedition of liberation of Uganda last 
November, he said, and the "president- 
for-life" has fled the country to an 
unknown destination. 



He described the new situation in his 
country as this: "Destruction is on the 
way out; construction is on the way in." 
Most people in the world, the bishop 
said, have not realized the extent of the 
destruction in Uganda under President 
Amin. 

Bishop Kivengere was at the 
Episcopal Church Center— on his way 
back to Uganda— to discuss further 
relief and development assistance which 
the Episcopal Church might provide for 
the devastated country. He consulted 
with the staff of the National and 
World Mission office of the Church 
Center and others about continuing aid. 
C. S. Lewis fantasy on TV 
draws high ratings 

ATLANTA— "The ratings are good, 
the reviews are favorable, and the 
sponsor is pleased." This was the 
statement of Mrs. Caroline Rakestraw, 
executive director of the Episcopal 
Radio-TV Foundation, Atlanta, two 
days after the final segment of C. S. 
Lewisl "The Lion, the Witch, and the 
Wardrobe" appeared on the CBS 
Television Network. 

The Foundation's office learned that 
for the two consecutive nights of the 
show, "Lion" earned a rating of 19.5 
and "a 30 share." The "rating" figure 
means that 19.5 percent of all television 
sets in existence in America were tuned 
to "The Lion, the Witch, and the 
Wardrobe." The "share" figure indicates 
that 30 of every 100 sets in use between 
8 and 9 p.m. on April 1 and 2 were 
tuned to the Lewis classic. 



people 



The Rev. Henry Lee Atkins, Jr: From 
the Diocese of Washington to Chaplain, 
University of North Carolina at Green- 

The Rev. Rowland D. Oakes: From 
interim Pastor, St. Paul's Church, 

Smithfield, to residence in Maine. 

The Rev. Frederick Stecker, IV: From 
Emmanuel Church. Southern Pines, to the 
Diocese of New Hampshire. 

The Rev. Eric Wright: From Locum 
Tenens, The Church of the Advent, En- 
field, to the Diocese of South Dakota. 



calendar 



JUNE 1979 



1 : 

t 8 9 
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 



6— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
7— Ministry: Commission on Ministry meets 

at 10 a.m. at Diocesan House in Raleigh. 
8— Penick Memorial Home: Board of 

Directors meets at 10:30 in Southern Pines. 
9— Ordination: Ordination service for Lynn 

Honeycutt at Holy Comforter in Charlotte 

at 11 a.m. 
10— Northwest: Northwest Convocation 

meets at 5 p.m. 
12— Clericus: Meeting of the Sandhills 

Clericus at 10 a.m. 
12-Mlnistry: Commission on Ministry meets 

June 12 and 13. 
13— Synod: Synod of IV Province meets at 

Kanuga 6 p.m., June 13, to noon, June 15. 
16— Ordination: Ordination service at St. 

Andrews Church in Greensboro 
16 — Standing Committee: Standing 

Committee meets at St. Andrews Church 

in Greensboro. 
20— Clericus: The Charlotte clericus 

will meet at 12:30 p.m. 



Paqe 2-The Communicant-May. 1979 



Bishop says ECW meeting ' Best yet!' 



(from page 1) 

workshops on issues which are of 
concern to them: legal matters, financial 
advice, gift identification, leadership 
skills, single parenting, and spiritual and 
educational growth. This is an area 
where the Church at large needs to use 
creative thinking and offer new 
leadership." 

The President's address was followed 
by several committee reports 
culminating in an election of new of- 
ficers. Lucy Adair, St. Stephen's, Erwin, 
was elected Vice President; Edith 
Bourne, Calvary Church, Tarboro, was 
elected Secretary of Christian 
Education; and June Gregory, Holy 
Trinity, Greensboro, was elected 
Secretary of Promotion. 

Following the election, Patricia Page, 
director of Training for the National 
Institute for Lay Ministry, led delegates 
in a workshop designed to help them 
identify their spiritual gifts. 

After dinner at the Salisbury Country 
Club, delegates returned to St. Luke's 
for an evening Eucharist at which 
Bishop Fraser served as celebrant and 
the Rev. S. F. James Abbott as 
preacher. Both Page's workshop and 
Abbott's sermon emphasized the theme 
of this year's meeting, "Ministry: A Gift 
to Christians." 

After prayers led by the Rev. Uly 
Gooch, rector of St. Luke's, the second 
session opened Wednesday morning 



with a series of presentations on 
continuing education opportunities. 

Following an update on the proposed 
Camp and Conference Center by Rose 
Flannagan, Mary Trott, Fourth 
Provinical Representative of the United 
Thank Offering (UTO) Committee 
reported that the 1978 UTO total was 
$1,767,799. $113,400 of the money 
collected was used to fund eight grants 
in Province IV, among them a $15,000 
grant to the Women's Center in Raleigh. 

Before presiding over the installation 
of new officers. Bishop Fraser reflected 
on lay-ministry and the ac- 
complishments of the ECW in his 
address to the annual meeting late 
Wednesday morning. "St. Paul, one of 
my favorites, was a layman who came to 
see that all he had and all he was was of 
little importance compared to God's 
imperative to serve him by leading 
others into new relationships, new 
possibilities, and new life." 

Bishop Fraser stressed that an ef- 
fective lay ministry required "a firm grasp 
of the Gospel in our own lives which will 
enable us to become partners working 
together." 

Following the ceremony, newly- 
installed President Mary Harris gave a 
brief acceptance address. The meeting 
closed with a final luncheon in the parish 
house. 

All photos by David Setzer 




Michael Podesta, a calligrapher from Rocky Mount, discusses his work with two 
interested delegates to the 97th Annual Meeting of ECW. Podesta was one of several 
exhibiters invited to display at the meeting. 




The Rt. Rev. Thomas Augustus Fraser chats with ECW delegates at the conclusion 
of the Tuesday evening eucharist. Bishop Fraser described the Salisbury gathering as 
"the best ECW meeting I've seen since I've been Bishop, and a real sign of the vitality 
of this important organization. 









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Mary Harris, the new President of ECW, joins with the new Diocesan ECW officers 
and former President Scott Evans shortly after the installation ceremony. The new 
members of the Executive Board were guests at a luncheon held by the Board prior to 
the Annual Meeting. 




The Rev. S. F. James Abbott, Rector of 
St. Thomas's Episcopal Church in 
Reidsville, begins his sermon at the 
eucharist on Tuesday night. Bishop 
Fraser was the celebrant. 



Mrs. Tommie Gamewell, the President 
of ECW at St. Luke's Episcopal Church 
in Salisbury, welcomes the delegates to 
the 97th Annual Meeting of ECW. 




The Rev. Philip Byrum, Rector of Christ's Episcopal Church in Albemarle, joins Mrs. 
Mimi Parrat and the Rev. S. F. James Abbott before the Tuesday evening eucharist. 




Flanked by the presiding officers, Scott Evans concludes her three year term ii 
by addressing the annual meeting for the la st time as ECW President. 

The Communicant-Mai. I ' 




editoriaL 



Welcome to the 80's. Arriving late last March, the next decade was 
ushered in some nine months ahead of schedule by an accident in a 
little town on the outskirts of Harrisburg, Pa. Public confidence in the 
saving graces of technology, so characteristic of the 70's, appears to 
have been given a severe jolt by the occurrence at Three Mile Island 
of an event which the master technicians themselves had not forseen. 

At a moment of such bewildering uncertainty, the Church must 
resist the temptation to take refuge in ignorance, thereby surrendering 
all responsibility for difficult decisions to 'the experts' who talk so 
effortlessly about "millirems", "rads", and other atomic mysteries. 
Because behind all the technical arguments, what is really being 
debated is human fallibility. In the context of eternity. 

By unleashing nuclear energy upon the earth we have made 
possible a chain of events of a new order of magnitude, so large as to 
be able to threaten the inhabitability of large parts of the globe. 
Nuclear fission, a force never found in terrestrial nature, casts off a 
generous number of deadly elements, like cesium 137, strontium 90 
and plutonium. Known in the trade as "bad actors", some of them 
remain lethal for 25,000 years, thousands of years longer than human 
civilization has existed. 

Currently, advocates and critics of nuclear power disagree on the 
risks involved in this "solution" to our energy problem. In the ensuing 
debate, advocates argue that technology for both production and 
waste storage are virtually fail-safe, invulnerable to mechanical 
malfunction and human error. In the high stakes game of energy 
poker, the wager is on the perfectability of humankind, and tomorrow 
is in the pot. 

In light of all of this it belongs to the Church to remind those who 



sharing silently 



By the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

May 6 through 12 is Deaf 
Awareness Week in North Carolina, so 
let's test our awareness a little bit! 
First, some statistics: 

Are you aware, for example, that 
there are as many as 45,000 "hearing- 
impaired" persons in the state of North 
Carolina? Of this number, over one- 
third can be considered "pre- 
vocationally" deaf, which means they 
lost their hearing before the age of 19 
or were born deaf. Nine of those ten 
persons have parents with normal 
hearing and thus have experienced 
negative reactions to their handicap 
most of their lives. 

How aware are you of our Church's 
ministry among deaf people? Did you 
know, for example, that the Diocese of 
North Carolina has had an ordained 
priest working among the deaf for 
more than 65 years? Indeed, the 
Episcopal Church was the first to 
begin work among the deaf more than 
100 years ago. We were also the first 
church to ordain a deaf man to the 
priesthood, the Rev. Henry Winter 



Style, in 1876. Here in North Carolina, 
the Rev. Roma Fortune began the 
ministry, carried on by his son, the 
Rev. James R. Fortune. 

Where can you find deaf 
Episcopalians? Almost anywhere; more 
than 75 members regularly attend 
services in Raleigh, Durham, 
Burlington, Greensboro, Charlotte, and 
Winston-Salem, along with a new 
target area in Wilson. These dedicated 
Christians exercise their ministry in 
many ways and meet at least monthly, 
sometimes weekly, to offer praise and 
thanksgiving to God through their 
medium, the Language of Sign. 

Want to become more aware of this 
world of silence? You can! Ask your 
rector to get you a schedule and come 
join us some Sunday when we are in 
your area. Come on, share our 
"Awareness" of the power of the Risen 
Lord! 

Sharing Silently appears regularly in 
The Communicant as an aid to 
communication between deaf and 
hearing congregations in the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina. 



The COMMU NICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant. Charlene LeGrand 

Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



speak with such bold assurance about the future that humility is the 
order of the day. As James points out (4:13-15), 'We never know 
what will happen tomorrow. We are no more than a mist that is here 
for a little while and then disappears.' 

Humility. Human fallibility. Eternity. If the Church cannot speak 
with authority on such matters, who can. And if the Church will not, 
who will? CWB 



letters 




On the Campaign 

Dear Editor: 

Maybe the Diocesan Camp and 
Conference Center needs more "head 
scratching" done about its ap- 
propriateness in this "time of rising 
inflation" (in the face of rising mission 
needs) and less "hand wringing" about 
how we can convince 1 .4 million 
dollars out of the people of the 
diocese. 

Your "little quick figuring" I've heard 
before and will probably hear again. 
But maybe, just maybe, the little quick 
figuring that needs to be done is how 
the diocese can build a less ex- 
travagant Conference Center, if one at 
all, with the moneys that remain from 
a $600,000 commitment to VIM, 
which I'm sure will be met before we 
meet our own "needs." 

Indeed, the question is "whether we 
will," and I hope the same astute 
"figuring" can hear the answer which 
seems to be a (so far) $845,411 "NO." 
As "lukewarm" and as passive as it 
seems to be — a no is a no! I wonder 
why the "No" didn't happen at the 
162nd Convention, for I have yet to 
hear any enthusiastic "Yes" to 1.4 
million dollars since then. 

So, another question is whether a 
Conference Center can be made 
available to the realistic needs of the 
diocese at a more reasonable cost. 
This question could be asked of that 
portion of the 15,607 households that 
have seemingly said "No" to the 
campaign. Me thinks it's possible, 
available, and reasonable— and in 
accord with Scripture. 

Sincerely, 

The Rev. T. Nicholas King 

. St. Martin's Church 

Charlotte, N. C. 



" Thanks " 



Dear Friends: 

You will never know that this 
morning I am moved to give you this 
day some daily bread if I do not take 
my pen in hand! I address this letter to 
friends because I want to thank all 
who made this issue of The Com- 
municant possible. 

I love the front page and its 
illustration of the meaning of Lent— all 
the way back to 1591! To me the 
language is beautiful— "you," not being 
as much so as "thee" and "thou." 
Perhaps I should have been the 
inhabitant of a convent rather than 
have been a wife and mother. 

It seems that every contribution had 
a special message for me, but 
especially that one from Nick White in 
Charlotte, "We all need to belong to 
some small group where we know 
everyone else, where it is safe to take 
the risk of being vulnerable, where we 



can experience the support and 
fellowship that can happen whenever 
two or three gather together in the 
Lord's name." 

I had finished my daily devotions 
and was waiting for my breakfast to 
give me physical strength to begin my 
daily tasks. I was feeling very alone 
and useless (at 75) but after Nick's 
message I felt cheered by the fact that , 
many are still doing something about 
so much. 

Mark Boesser's message cheered 
me, too. He is such a consecrated 
enthusiastic soul. 

One never knows when approval 
helps. I am casting my bread upon the 
water. I hope it adds some luster to 
your day. 

May this be one of your best days. 

Faithfully and gratefully, 

Lois Atkinson Taylor 

St. Paul's Church 

Winston-Salem, N.C. 

On pastoral care 

Dear Editor: 

The energy galvanized in response to 
the legislative threat to reduce the time 
of separation before divorce is im- 
posing. My plea is that we focus some 
of it on helping couples enrich their 
marriages. 

I want to see us create programs to 
help make marriages work better than 
they do. I want us to be sure that our 
parishes nurture couple and family love 
rather than further separate spouses 
and parents. I want us to be sure we 
are doing all we can to assist clergy 
marriages to be the models we speak 
about in the ordination vows. 

I want us to make marriage 
preparation more effective. I want us 
to support the sacramental theology to 
which we subscribe in our wedding rite 
that marriage is a sign to the world of 
God's own reconciling love. 

I want us to preach about self-giving 
love as the Christian counter to 
modern emphases on selfishness. I 
want us to fully endorse such 
programs as Episcopal Marriage 
Encounter whose aim is to improve 
ordinary "good marriages." In short I 
want to see us devoting our leadership 
skills, our resources, our experience 
and our energy toward sustaining 
marriages before they dissolve. 

Sometimes it seems as though we 
expend all of our pastoral efforts 
intervening in crises where help is 
useless. It is like the schoolteacher 
who spends so much time with those 
who decided to drop out of school that 
she neglects the students waiting in the 
classroom to be taught by her. 

Yours truly, 

The Rev. Keith J. Reeve 

Raleigh, N.C. 



age 4-The Communicant-May. 1979 



Amnesty International aids victims of injustice 



By James David Barber 

DURHAM— Good causes— and the 
meetings they invariably require- 
multiply like kudzu in the rainy reason. 
Good Christian men and women may 
well feel they have enough of that on 
their plates already. But for those who 
yet feel the urge to "do something for 
others," here is a different— a very 
special — opportunity to put your energy 
to efficient use in one of the best of 
causes. 

Amnesty International won the 
Nobel Peace Prize in 1977 for its work 
in seeking to end the torture and 
imprisonment of people around the 
world who are arrested for what they 
believe — "prisoners of conscience." AI 
thus zeroes in on human beings who 
are worse off than any other class 
among sufferers: people locked up and 
mistreated by other people, not for 
anything they have done but for what 
they think and say. 

That is the first distinction, the focus 
on the worst off. The second is the 
highly practical and specific way AI 
groups go about working for the 
release of such prisoners. 

True, as an international 
organization based in London, Am- 
nesty International brings pressure to 
bear on governments to change their 
policies of repression. 

Local chapters help with that. But 
the chief responsibility of the local 
"adoption group," such as our Group 
USA 63 in Durham, is to work for the 
release of three specific prisoners of 
conscience. 

First, research headquarters in 
London must determine that a prisoner 
has indeed been arrested for his 
beliefs. They are careful about that, 




perhaps too careful. If a prisoner has 
even advocated violence, much less 
acted violently, he or she will not be 
adopted. Once identified, prisoners of 
conscience in three different parts of 
the world (not including the group's 
own country) are assigned to each AI 
group. 

Members study the background 
information provided and get busy 
writing letters— to the officials who 
might be able to effect release, to 
citizens influential in the prisoner's 
country, to anyone in a position to free 
person. Some 18,000 prisoners have 
been so "adopted" since Amnesty got 
going. About half of them have been 
freed. We think we contributed to that. 

So the second distinction between 
AI work and a good deal of what most 
of us do in other meetings is just the 
effectiveness that comes from con- 
centrating on three very specific, 
suffering human beings. Our meetings 
are not talkfests so much as quite, 



our common life_j 
The Buyer Within 




By Claudius Miller 

CHAPEL HILL— It is spring in this 
year of Our Lord; and after 24 years in 
the parish ministry. I find myself in the 
eighth month of a sabbatical and 
awash with tenderness for our 
gatherings of a Sunday morning. 
Having been a vendor of religious 
services for most of my adult life, I am 
discovering anew the feelings of the 
buyer. My respect for the odds against 
us getting to the church at all, much 
less on time, deepens by the week. 

During fall and winter, the picture of 
the Buyer within me has developed as 
cautiously as a Polaroid print. Now 
that spring is here, he is distinct, in 
living color, and with a worried look on 
his face. As I sip my Sunday morning 
coffee, my Buyer's eyes are glazed. His 
brain shudders as a mob of en- 
titlements rush around the lobes 
holding high the standard of perfection. 
My Buyer is contemplating self- 
deception once again by inventing The 
Perfect Church to which he would 
gladly go were he only able to find it. 
The Yellow Pages only confirm his 
suspicion that it is the Church's fault 
that his impossible ecclesiastical in- 
vention cannot be had anywhere. 

I idly turn the Sunday paper. In the 
background, Charles Kuralt talks softly 
of anger in faraway places. My Buyer 
nervously examines his "Consumer Bill 
of Rights": He claims the right not to 



sing hymns, period; the right to a 
Prayer Book of his own design to be 
read at an hour that does not intrude 
on either his digestion, diversions, or a 
sunny day; the right to be surrounded 
by cloth, colors, and masonry that 
meet the exacting demands of his 
current tastes; and the right to 
determine, by himself, the fair market 
value of divine services rendered. 

I did not burst into the bedroom of 
someone else's mind, flash bulbs a- 
popping, to make this picture. The 
portrait comes after an examination of 
my own mental x-rays; yet, I have a 
hunch that my Buyer is not one-of-a- 
kind. Of those who offer their hands 
for the Bread of Heaven, more than 
one is diddling with thoughts more 
financial than faithful, more practical 
than pious. 

As no one is perfect, let me hurriedly 
add that my Buyer is not all bad. He 
would rather be caught dead than be 
found looking wistfully at canceled 
checks made payable to the PTL Club 
or driving a car whose bumper an- 
nounces the finding of a neuter 
pronoun. He is no sucker for religious 
demagoguery, elegant or crude. There 
may be a part of him vulnerable to a 
new word, but not from Elmer Gantry. 

Such a discriminating palate in 
matters ecclesial is cold comfort, 
however, during those all too frequent 
moments when he fears his soul is 
going to seed, leaving him with nothing 



businesslike work sessions in which we 
try to think up new ideas and new 
approaches which might work in cases 
A, B, and C. 

The minimum commitment is to 
write one letter per month on behalf of 
a prisoner. 

Our group's first case is Miltiades 
Kostoulias, a 22-year-old masonry 
worker in Greece, imprisoned along 
with 68 other Jehovah's Witnesses for 
conscientious objection to military 
service. 

We wrote up a storm— always 
politely— for Miltiades last year. He is 
still in prison, but he has been tran- 
sferred from a military jail where he 
shared life with murderers and drug 
addicts to an agricultural prison where 
the company and the work is a little 
better. 

Last Christmas we sent Miltiades 
and his family a Christmas card and 
some money and a message our 
Greek-language member composed. He 



wrote back to say what so many have 
said: that of all the torments of being 
jailed for your beliefs, the sense of 
desolate loneliness is the worst — the 
feeling that no one c :es for him as an 
individual. We do, and he knows it. 
Our prayer is that he will soon be free 
and home again. The work goes on. 

Our second case was a young 
engineer in Taiwan, apparently 
arrested for some remarks he made 
while a student in the U.S. Our third is 
a young woman in Uruguay (where AI 
estimates one citizen in every 500 is a 
political prisoner these days). Senora 
Paitta has been in prison for six years. 
She has two small children. Her 
husband is also a prisoner of con- 
science. 

It is not surprising that church 
groups play a special role in AI. In 
fact, there is a whole special program 
for groups who share a faith— the 
Religious Action Network, as AI calls 
it. Readers who want to know more 
about that can write Tom Davis of our 
group, at Box 4752, Duke Station. 
Durham, N. C. 27706. 

Now is traditionally a season for 
fasting, prayer, and works of mercy 
So this might be just the right time for 
readers of The Communicant to get 
involved in this merciful work. After 
all, the One who leads us was arrested 
for his beliefs, cruelly tortured, and put 
to death. For Christ's sake, we cannot 
just stand by and watch that happen 
to any child of God today. 



James David Barber is a James B. 
Duke Professor of Political Science at 
Duke University and a member of St. 
Philips Church, Durham. 




Y/rt 



but his shrewdness. While there's an 
occasional wisp of hope in the air, 
doubt is his constant companion. He is 
a person of managed anguish, which 
may, finally, explain why I cannot 
seem to shut the church off as one 
would a faucet or to holdout for long 
against its soft Sunday call. 

As my Buyer glumly wonders how 
much it costs to heat the place, I find 
myself sitting in the pew these Sunday 
mornings, where the processional 
hymn sounds a wry victory march. 
More often than not, a lump has 
formed in my throat before the choir 
has reached the chancel steps. 

We who have gathered there have 
momentarily pulled the wool of the 
Lamb over all our strengths and 
slipped through our own complicated 



defense system. The Child within tugs 
at our sleeve, and we grudgingly give ii 
just one more time to a suspension of 
skepticism and melancholy. Ten- 
derness takes their place. 

Though we infect our worship with 
the worst which lies within us, even so 
we are still not able to destroy or even 
frustrate the power of the gathered 
community to evoke those profound, 
lazily circling daydreams we have n 
church which make for momentary 
clarity and gentleness. Yes, indeed. 

Meanwhile the Buyer stirs within, 
looking at his watch, wondering if it's 
time to rotate his tires. 

Pete Miller was the first rector of 
Saint Mark's Church in Mecklenburg 
County (1954-57). He is presently on a 
sabbatical in Chapel Hill. 

The Communicant-May 1 Q 79-Paqe 5 



Medical Mission to Haiti: A photo essapy 



Under the sponsorship of the Venture in Mission Education 
Committee, the Diocese of North Carolina has begun a program of 
medical missions to assist the Diocese of Haiti in its critical medical 
ministries. Two groups of physicians, nurses, dentists, and 
assistants have gone so far, and several more are scheduled to go 
this year. Some ninety medical people have indicated they will be a 
part of this exciting ministry, and current plans are for at least five 
such groups to go to Haiti each year for many years to come. The 
first group, consisting of two surgical teams, went in March to the 
Hospital Sainte Croix, Leogane, where in a week's time they per- 
formed 35 surgical procedures. A second group went to Montrouis 
in April, where they immunized some 800 school-aged children and 
treated hundreds of children and adults on an out-patient basis. In 
addition, this team taught most of Haiti's priests (including the 
Bishop of Haiti), many lay-leaders, and seminarians in the basic 
techniques of detecting hyper- tension. These photographs show the 
two teams at work. 




Pnop 6-The Communicant-Mav. 1979 



a:>y Nick White 



U 



** 



1 .) The waiting room in the 
Hospital Sainte Croix in Leogane. 

2.) A mother and her children 
await treatment outside the 
hospital. 

3.) A patient and her mother 
visit in the hospital's pediatric 
ward. 

4.) Bishop Fraser and the Rev. 
N. B. White, Chairman of North 
Carolina's Venture In Mission 
Committee, accompanied the 
surgical teams to Haiti in March. 
Bishop Fraser is here shown 
scrubbed for the operating room, 
talking with Dr. Perry Hudson of 
Lexington. 

5.) One of the two surgical 
teams which travelled to Leogane 
in March operates on a woman with 
breat cancer. From left to right: Dr. 
LeRoy King, an anesthesiologist 
from Raleigh; Jerry Knauer, a 
senior at Bowman Gray School of 
Medicine; and Dr. Harriman Jett, a 
general surgeon from Charlotte. 

6.) Dr. Roger Lofland, an oral 
surgeon, and Joyce Brown, a 
registered nurse, both from Win- 
ston-Salem, conduct a dental clinic 
at Montrouis in April. 

7.) The March group; from left 
to right: the Rt. Rev. Luc Garnier, 
Bishop of Haiti; Bishop Fraser; Dr. 
Perry Hudson; Jan Hudson (both of 
Lexington); Dr. LeRoy King of 
Raleigh; Dr. Harriman Jett of 
Charlotte; Jerry Knauer, a senior 
at Bowman Gray School of 
Medicine; and Paul Woodward, a 
senior at UNC's School of 
Medicine. 

8.) The Rt. Rev. Luc Garnier, 
Bishop of Haiti, practices taking 
blood pressure readings as part of 
a hyper-tension detection workshop 
in Montrouis. 

9.) Jan Hudson, a nurse from 
Lexington, assisted her husband in 
the operating room. 

10.) Mrs. Luc Garnier, wife of the 
Bishop of Haiti, takes her 
husband's blood pressure as part 
of the training in the detection of 
hyper-tension during the April 
workshop at Montrouis. 




m 




The Communicant-Mav. 1^79-Paqe 7 



Diocese sponsors Education Conference 



By the Rev. Robert Lee Sessum 

RALEIGH— Be in Raleigh this coming 
July 29 and you can witness the start of 
a tradition. That's the day on which the 
1st Annual Diocesan Christian 
Education Conference will begin on the 
campus of St. Mary's College. 

Sponsored by the Education and 
Training Committee, the conference will 
impart new skills in Christian Education 



applicable to all dimensions of 
congregational life. 

In addition to 1 1 different workshops 
and a series of "evening conversations", 
the program will include a keynote 
address by the Rev. Bill Dols from 
Emanuel on the Hill, Alexandria, Va. 

Dols challenges people to look at the 
Bible both for what it reveals about God 
and what it reveals about themselves. 

"The accounts of the ministry and 




teaching of Jesus challenge me to 
recognize myself in all of the people in 
each of the stories," Dols explains. 

"The Biblical Narrative is a mirror in 
which we can discover the diverse and 
contradictory parts of us reflected in the 
tugs and tensions of living then and 
now— revealing ways in which the Christ 
within can lead us into new life in the 
present." 

Dols has led several successful 
conferences in Christian Education at 
Kanuga. A native of Balitimore, he has 
served churches in Maryland, Virginia 
and North Carolina. 

During the morning sessions, par- 
ticipants will spend most of their time 
small group Bible studies designed both 
to deepen their spiritual life and provide 




Conference staff members Cathy Coolidge and Susan Brooks go over plans for the Christian 
Education Conference, planned for July29 August 1. The conference will be held on the 
campus of St. Mary's College in Raleigh. 



a realistic context in which to develop 
their skills for their own teaching 
ministry. These sessions will be of 
maximum practical use both at home 
and in the local church. 

On two of the days following Dols' 
presentation, there will be a total of 11 
different morning and afternoon 
workshops. In the evenings a series of 
"evening conversations" will provide 
additional opportunities to deal with 
such topics as: Ministry to Singles, 
Death and Dying, New Games, Value 
Clarification, Ethics, Crafts, and many 
others. 

Running from Sunday afternoon, July 
29, to Wednesday noon, August 1, the 




conference will take place on the 23- 
acre wooded campus of St. Mary's 
College, Raleigh. All rooms being used 
by the conference will be air conditioned 
and semi-private. In addition, con- 
ference participants will have access to 
the swimming pool, bowling lanes, 
dance studio, basketball/volleyball 
courts, and tennis courts. 

Cost of the conference is $70 per 
person (includes room and board and 
registration), and scholarships are 
available. People wishing more in- 
formation may write the Registrar, 
Christian Education Conference, The 
Church of the Good Shepherd, 21 
South McDowell Street, Raleigh, North 
Carolina 27601. 



A member of the conference planning 
team, Bob Sessum is the rector of All 
Saints', Concord. 



/ VOCATi E 

Thou speak again Thy i 

M T 

oftheEpiscop W 

LET Thy blessed Son jesm you those 

prepared in physical, met health 

LET Thy clear call go forth to the Chosen Ones whom You 
will to bring to our Sisterhood 

LET Thy Grace move these Chosen Ones to respond with deep 
and abiding Joy 

LET their reward be self-emptying here and complete 
fulfillment hereafter. 
In the Name of Thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord 



Mother Superior 

The Community of the W»y of th« Cro* 

4588 South Pwrk A — - 

Buffalo, New York 142 



Page 8-The Communicant-May. 1979 




'Sing or swim' this summer- 
Music Camp in 20th year 



ALBEMARLE— It will be either "sing 
or swim" this summer for the fifty or so 
children lucky enough to attend the 
Diocesan Music and Worship Camp 
which is set to open June 24 at Kanuga. 

Originally started at Vade Mecum, the 
camp is now in its twentieth year of 
continuous operation. As its name 
suggests, the program is unique for its 
three-fold emphasis on music, worship 
and camping. 

In addition to swimming, hiking, 
campfires, and the other activities 



Summer schedule set for 
Episcopal conference center 



HENDERSONVILLE-Spring is the 
season to plan a summer week at 
Kanuga. 

Registrations are now being taken at 
this scenic Episcopal center located in 
the cool Blue Ridge Mountains. 

Six-day summer conferences attract 
clergy and laypersons from almost every 
state in the nation. Kanuga's con- 
ferences are among the best special 
education offerings to be found in the 
church today. 

A children's and teen's program and 
special reduced rate for babysitters 
make the conference season well-suited 
for your family vacation. While one or 
both parents attend a conference, the 
rest of the family enjoys Kanuga Lake, 
the tennis courts, or miles of hiking 
trails. 

In 1979 Kanuga offers eight summer 
conferences: 

1) Conference for Adults Who 
Work With Youth, June 16-22- 
Coordinated by Mrs. Bobbie Bevill. 

2) The Young People's Summer 
Conference, June 16-22— 
Coordinated by the Rev. Steven 
Rudacille. For persons now in grades 7- 
12. 

3)Dynamics of a Viable Parish, 
June 23-29— Coordinated by the Rev. 
Robert Haden and Ms. Doris Bloxham. 
Incorporates separate conferences held 
on church music, small-church life, and 
other special concerns. Offers 
something for everyone who gets 
something done in the parish — 
professionals and volunteers. 

4)Spirituality and Personal 
Growth, June 30-July 6— A con- 



ference coordinated by The Very Rev. 
James Fenhagen, dean and president of 
General Theological Seminary. 
Keynoter: The Rev. Dr. Alan W. Jones. 

5) Retreat for Spiritual Growth, 
June 30-July 6 — A retreat and not a 
conference, this is time to withdraw 
from everyday distractions and focus on 
prayer, meditation, and instruction. 
Coordinated by the Rev. Ron DelBene, 
who will be joined by Sister Teresa Mary 
Dolan, M.H.S.H., and the Rev. Henry 
Atkins, Jr. 

6) Christian Eduation Con- 
ference, July 7-13 — This conference is 
filling fast so don't wait to register! 
Coordinated by Mrs. Caroline Hughes. 
Keynoters: The Rev. Charles Winters 
and Mrs. Flower Ross of Sewanee. 

7) Living Intentionally in a 
Christian Community, August 18- 
24 — Intentional living is an old idea that 
is intriguing many Christians. A simple 
yet healthful diet, a design of work and 
play and solitude and time together— 
these are the ingredients of this com- 
munity. Especially suited to families and 
offered at a special reduced rate. 
Coordinated by the Rev. William 
Coolidge. 

8) Renewal of the Holy Spirit- 
Calling Each Other into 
Holiness, August 26-September 1— 
For persons involved in or curious about 
the charismatic renewal. "The Bible is a 
testimony of life set uniquely free by the 
Holy Spirit," says the Rev. Jeff Schiff- 
mayer, one of the principal speakers at 
this conference coordinated by the Rev. 
Canon Forrest Mobley. 

For boys and girls ages 8-15, Kanuga 



usually associated with summer camp, 
the program includes regular choir 
practice, music instruction, and daily 
corporate worship. 

A typical day might begin with 
worship (perhaps led by the campers 
themselves), choir rehersal, arts and 
crafts and Bible study in the morning, 
and swimming, hiking, field games, 
tennis and volley ball in the afternoon. 
And each evening during the week-long 
session, campers and staff gather 
around the campfire for games, skits, 
movies and sometimes a square dance. 

Open to all children completing grades 
3-8, the camp will be directed by the 
Rev. Philip R. Byrum, rector of Christ's 
Church, Albemarle. Associated with the 
program for the last ten years, Byrum 
has high hopes for the 1979 season. 

"Those of us involved with this camp 
believe in it. In fact, it is the only 
program for children in this age group 
offered by our diocese," he pointed out, " 
which provides a well-balanced week of 
study, worship and play." 




Mary K. Wilson, Organist and Choir 
Director at Holy Comforter, Charlotte 
will take charge of music instruction and 
choir rehersal, assisted by Jim Padgett, 
Organist and Choir Director at St. 
Luke's, Salisbury. Anne Byrum will 
provide instruction in arts and crafts. 

The camp is scheduled to run from 
Sunday, June 24 to Friday, June 29, 
and registration forms can be obtained 
from parish clergy and choir directors. 

Cost for the entire program including 
room and board, registration and crafts 
fees, is $68, and some scholarship 
assistance is available. 

People wishing additional information 
may contact the Rev. Philip Byrum, 
Director, P.O. Box 657, Albemarle, 
N.C. 28001. 




Kanuga's lake offers a cool spot in which to spend a hazy summer afternoon, and is favored by 
young and old alike. 



sponsors a summer camp, located one 
mile from the conference center 
complex but still within Kanuga's 1,200 
acres. 

Guest period is held from July 14- 
August 25. This is a time for pure 
relaxation in the cool, serene high 
country. It's a time to be social and 



pleasantly informal. 

For a color brochure describing 
Kanuga's programs, write: Kanuga, P.O. 
Drawer 250, Hendersonville, N. C. 
28739. Telephone: 704-692-9136. 



APSO holds disaster relief workshop 

Co-sponsored by Diocesan Youth Commission 



By Ginny Walters 

WINSTON-SALEM-The month of 
April was one swept by disasters. 
Picture the rubble left by the tornados 
that whipped through Texas or the 
buildings in Jackson, Mississippi, that 
sat in several feet of water after an over 
abundance of spring rain. Who picks up 
the pieces when everything seems to be 
destroyed? Perhaps you'd be surprised 
to discover that members of your parish 
can be certified to do just that. 

The Youth Commission of the 
Diocese of North Carolina and the youth 
division of the Appalachian People's 
Service Organization (APSO) hope that 
by the end of this summer this 
possibility will be a reality. The two 
groups are co-sponsoring a diocesan 
workshop in disaster work and cer- 
tification for college-and-high-school- 
aged people as the first step towards 
developing an emergency relief network 



on a diocesan scale. The idea for such a 
network originated last year in response 
to a similar training workshop spon- 
sored by APSO/Youth. 

The training session, to be held at 
Valle Crucis from August 10-12, will be 
directed according to the guidelines of 
the Church World Service. Speakers will 
address the roles of the Red Cross, the 
federal government, and the Church in 
emergency relief; and participants will 
also spend time learning how to identify 
with the needs of disaster victims and 
examining their own skills which would 
be valuable in disaster relief situations. 

Many of the young people who were 
trained at the workshop last summer 
were contacted to aid in the flood relief 
in Frankfurt, Kentucky, this December. 
Following the project, APSO/Youth 
received a grant of $10,000 from the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief 
to enable certified workers to continue 
to administer relief to areas affected by 



disaster. 

The Red Cross and the federal 
government have programs that meet 
many short range needs in disaster, but 
"the Church offers a unique kind of 
healing," points out Ann Janzen, a 
certified disaster worker from Lenoir, N. 
C. She believes that the church must 
assume an "intentional role" in disaster 
work rather than "just filling in the holes" 
left by other relief agencies. Janzen is on 
the staff of the Hinton Rural Life Center 
and is one of the speakers tentatively 
scheduled for the workshop. Other 
scheduled speakers include Judi 
Blondell and Linda Kirby from Interfaith 
of Bell County, Inc., of Pineville, 
Kentucky, and Steve Smith, staff person 
for APSO/Youth. 

Participation is limited to 30 people; 
persons interested in being certified 
should contact Ginny Walters at 3108 
Airlie Street, Charlotte, N. C. 28205, by 
the end of June for more information. 




APSO 

"The power of a small fragile growing 
plant is enormous. It has the power to 
break apart and destroy even the might of 
iron. The stylized laurel leaf breaking apart 
the chains that encircle the mountains 
represents the purpose of APSO. Small in 
numbers and resources, we attempt to 
deal with and break apart the chains of 
economic oppression and spiritual 
deprivation that too long have plagued and 
enchained Appalachia and its people. " 



Ginny Walters is our Diocesan Youth 
Representative with the Appalachian 
People's Service Organization and a 
communicant of St. Andrew's. 
Charlotte. 



The Communicant-May. 19 



Out of the closet a: 'ast!!! 



Typical Episcopalian' is found to be a (gasp!) yankee!! 



NEW YORK— If you are a male living 
in North Carolina, you are not "a typical 
Episcopalian." according to a recent 
survey released recently by the national 
Church. 

The study was commissioned by an 
ad hoc statistical committee of the 
Executive Council's Department of 
Finance and provides information on the 
attitudes and practices of the Church's 
three million members. 

Conducted by Market Facts. Inc.. a 
Chicago-based market research firm, 
the survey utilized 2.000 questionnaires 
sent to 500 randomly-selected parishes 
distributed geographically in accordance 
with the pattern of general church 
membership. 

Based upon the results of that survey, 
the committee's report. Episcopalians- 
Profile 1979. provides an interesting 
sketch of the "typical Episcopalian." 

According to the report, "...she is a 
woman over 49. She is probably not 
working. But if she is, either she or her 
husband is engaged in professional work 
or business rather than in manual labor 
or farming. She lives in a town of from 
2.500 to 50.000 population, in the 
Northeast. Her husband is four years 
older than she is; their two children are 
grown and living elsewhere. Both 
husband and wife are college graduates; 
their family income is over $20,000. 
Still, there are more than 300.000 
Episcopalians whose family income is 
below $10,000! 

"Religion plays a very important part 
in their lives. They go to church almost 
once a week. They usually pray at least 
once a day. Grace is said at home at 
meals. They firmly believe in life after 
death. They think of Scripture as the 




Can you spot "the typical Episcopalia 

49... probably not working... with a husband four 
able to find one around these parts since a recen 
that "typical Episcopalians" are onlv to be found it 



n"? Here's a hint: "She is a woman over 
years older than she is..." You might not be 
X survey by Market Facts. Inc. has concluded 
-i the Northeast 



inspired Word ot Cod, although not to 
be taken entirely literally. They think of 
Jesus as God (or Son of God) rather 
than as a great leader or divinely- 
inspired man. 

"Either the wife or her husband came 
to the Episcopal Church from some 
other group — rather than from a non- 
religious background — probably from 
the Methodists. Baptists. Presbyterians, 
or Roman Catholics — in that order. 

"The family makes a regular pledge of 
financial support. They feel respon- 
sibility toward the diocese and national 
Church. But, in December, 1978. they 
had not yet heard of Venture In Mission. 

"When asked what they considered 
the most important issues facing the 
Church today, without any prompting, 
they listed 'women in priesthood," 'prayer 
book revision.' and 'need to increase 
membership, especially among youth.' 
But they expressed far greater interest in 
the 'ministry within the congregation." 



'responding to social issues, "the family.' 
and an overwhelming concern for 
'evangelism and spreading the Gospel.' 

"The 'Typical Episcopalian' became a 
member of a local parish and continues 
there because of its particular type of 
liturgical worship and the way the faith is 
presented. But a major factor is 
preference for the rector and his ser- 
mons. The most-wanted parish 
programs are adult Bible study or 
doctrinal study, more opportunities for 
weekday worship, and family-oriented 
activities. 

"The typical member went to Sunday 
school as a child but has had little 
religious instruction as an adult. He or 
she thinks that both the elderly and 
youth receive enough attention from the 
Church, that we are sufficiently involved 
in the community, and have placed 
sufficient emphasis on social justice. 

"Most agree that the Proposed Book 
of Common Prayer provides excellent 



services of worship. A substantial 
minority — nearly 25% — disagree. 
Almost all feel there is poor com- 
munication between the national 
Church and the people. They are not 
sure our goals are understood. 

"As with most churched people, 
Episcopalians are more likely to be 
women, older, married, and with a 
higher income than others in the 
population. Episcopalians, however, are 
even less likely than other churched 
people to live in a large city (over one 
million) or to be engaged in work that 
can be classified as non-business or 
non-professional. Levels of faith in God. 
Jesus Christ, eternal life, and prayer are 
similarly high among all religious people. 

"There are some ways, however, in 
which Episcopalians differ from other 
churched people. First, despite adverse 
publicity to the contrary, they appear to 
attend church more frequently. While 
84% of all churched groups attend at 
least once a month, 91.9% of active 
Episcopalians attend at least once a 
month. Their habits of worship extend 
into their personal prayer life, for they 
pray more frequently in private, with 
family members at meals, and as a 
regular part of a prayer group. 

"Religious training and an intellectual 
attitude toward their faith also dif- 
ferentiate Episcopalians from other 
Christians. A surprising number — 
94%— of Episcopalians have attended 
Sunday School as compared with 88% 
of the general churched group. Even 
more surprising is the fact that 75% 
have received special confirmation 
training while only 54% of the general 
churched group had any special training 
for full membership in the Church." 



The day Barabbas took a room at Southern Pines 





Barabbas he appeared at the ECD Clergy Conference held last month at the Terraces in 
Southern Pines. After 14 years in the parish, the Rev. Charles Ransom left the parochial 
ministry to devote full time to religious drama. He now travels widely, bringing his series of 
dramatic portraits of Biblical characters to church audiences across the country. Because 
Ransom signs as he speaks, the performances are of particular interest to the deaf community. 

:■" ■h'Cnmmunicarit-May. 1979 



SOUTHERN PINES-On April 23, 
Barabbas took a room at The Terraces. 
There he joined men and women who 
had come from as far away as Maine 
and Missouri to attend the annual 
National Clergy Conference of the 
Episcopal Conference for the Deaf. 

Barabbas attended in the person of 
the Rev. Charles Ransom, Associate 
Minister for the Deaf in the Diocese of 
Ohio. After 13 years in the parish, 
Ransom left the parochial ministry last 
year to devote full time to his work in 
religious drama. With a series of 
dramatic portraits of Biblical characters 
ranging from Moses and Abraham to 
Judas and Barabbas, the priest-turned- 
thespian travels widely, bringing his 
portraits to life in churches across the 
country. Because Ransom signs as he 
speaks, the Biblical portraits are of 
particular interest to the deaf com- 
munity. 

In addition to the opportunity for rest 
and relaxation provided by the nearby 
championship golf courses, the four-day 
conference featured a two-day 
workshop in Conflict Management led 
by MATC training consultants Roderick 
Reinecke and Ruth Wright. Reinecke is 
the Rector of Holy Comforter, 
Burlington. 

ECD clergy themselves selected the 
workshop emphasis by giving Conflict 
Management the most votes in a survey 
on needs in continuing education. "Like 
any group of people, the deaf experience 
conflict," explained the Rev. J. Barry 
Kramer, North Carolina's Missioner to 
the Deaf. "We who work with the deaf 
community need practice in helping the 
deaf to learn how to fight in church like 
Christians." 

Kramer noted that ECD clergy "are 



out of the mainstream" of regular 
continuing education programs because 
of the nature of their work. "My work 
situation is so very different from most 
of the other clergy in this diocese, for 
example, that the only reason I go to our 
clergy conference is because I need the 
fellowship. But as far as continuing 
education is concerned, I depend upon 
programs like this one, built around the 
specific needs and circumstances of the 
deaf community." 

The two-day workshop used a 
combination of theoretical instruction 
and role plays involving real-life 
problems faced by deaf people. And the 
clergy weren't the only ones to learn 
from the experience. MATC trainer 
Ruth Wright finished the workshop with 
a much greater awareness of the par- 
ticular problems which the deaf must 
face every day. 

"Last night we had a simulation which 
involved the testimony of a deaf person 
in a court of law. It was very moving to 
see people who can't hear trying to 
express themselves in such a public 
forum. It was especially illuminating to 
see how easily they can be cut off or 
misunderstood by someone who does 
not have the patience or time to work at 
communication." 

Following Charles Ransom's 
presentation of Barabbas on Thursday, 
the conference concluded with a general 
discussion of ECD ministries throughout 
the United States. 

Sponsored by the Episcopal Con- 
ference for the Deaf, the conference 
drew eight clergy from Maine, Con- 
necticut, Ohio, Maryland, Missouri, 
Virginia, New York, and North 
Carolina. 



St John's parish family weekend builds community 



By Judy Lane 

CHARLOTTE-Two people— fellow 
Christians — sat on a sunny hillside and 
talked. And as they talked about 
themselves and their faith, they lowered 
their masks little by little, and shared 
their inner thoughts. 

It was the Saturday morning of St. 
John's Parish Family Weekend at 
Kanuga. 131 of the church's 1,200 
communicants were spending two days 
away from the larger community in the 
beautiful mountain-studded conference 
center near Hendersonville. N. C. 

A yearly event at St. John's, the 
Parish Family Weekend is a time of 
intimacy for members of a parish that 
suffers from bigness, a transient 
membership, and the detached 
relationships of modern life. 

Between their arrival Friday evening 
and their departure on Sunday, they 
formed a Christian community, a 
community which enabled many to put 
aside the fears and defensiveness that 
often restrict communications and to 
share themselves with each other. 

People of all ages gathered Friday 
night for fun and games, the first of 
which paired people who had to tell each 
other about their likes and dislikes and 
to reveal a little of themselves. 

Saturday morning different pairs of 
people — people who were not well- 
acquainted — went off to read together 
Christian Dialogue, a booklet by Al 
Matthews. 

Opening up to one person established 
a pattern: by Saturday night it was 
easier to open up to others, to talk about 
one's true concerns, to share the depths 
of one's being instead of chattering on 
about the superficial clutter of life. 

On Sunday morning, spouses or close 
friends paired off for more dialogue and 
sharing of faith. Several couples later 
reported that they had talked together of 
religion and the meaning of their lives for 
the first time that morning. 

As the adults gathered together at the 
close of that session, there was, as 
Program Leader Brooke Forsyth put it, 
"a great sense of community that had 
built up very, very rapidly." 



others enjoyed plumbing the depths of parents of his approaching adolescence, 
the green lake for fish. One young man announced that he had "danced every 
eleven years of age, forewarning his dance" at Saturday night's disco. 




St. John's kids do some community building 
their own way at Kanuga. 

Dialogue was not the only adventure 
of that weekend at Kanuga. For several 
couples who had left their children at 
home, there was the fun of being "alone" 
together within the Christian com- 
munity. A solitary stroll along the misty 
lake at sunrise or a hike up the 
challenging mountainside with other 
explorers provided time for a look inside 
oneself and a look at one's world. 

Tennis. Softball, and basketball were 
shared adventures for some, while 



Some enjoyed dancing... 



All photos by Brooke Forsyth 




Saturday Night Fever was much in evidence during St. John's Family Parish Weekend— in 
addition to square dancing led by St. John's Rector. Bob Haden. the program also included 
a disco on Saturday night. 

..while others watched 





Watching parents dance was as much fun as dancing itself for these two members of St. 
John's parish family, whose picture was taken during a rare moment of inactivity. 



Dreamers sat by the cozy fireplace and 
sang to the accompaniment of several 
guitars. The evening get-togethers ended 
with clean-ups by an enthusiastic but 
noisy crew, jolly examples of the 
community working together. 

A square dance in the round, led by 
Rector Bob Haden and joined in by 
young and old. was an adventure that 
taught Nancy Armstrong something 
about the interdependence of the 
community: In the square dancing "I was 
responsible for everybody else — and 
everybody else was responsible for me." 

The children of St. John's were among 
the most enthusiastic Kanuga lovers 
here. Sensing that they were children of 
the whole community, they shared 
dancing and dining, games and secret 
friends with all the adults. Their program 
on God's creation gave them time to 
walk through the woods, learning from 
their hike leader the wonders of nature; 
then during the free time Saturday 
afternoon, they could share with their 
families the things they had seen. 

As the whole community gathered on 
Sunday to worship the Lord, all the 
experiences of the weekend — the open 
dialogue, the fun and sharing, the in- 
trospection and communion with God — 
were brought to the altar with 
thanksgiving. It was a "relaxed" service 
with puppets presenting the Epistle and 
guitars accompanying the singing, the 
kind of service that Julie Humphrey 
found "so easy to participate in." Three 
couples gave a dialogue sermon. 

The goodness of being together and 
sharing an experience in that time and 
place culminated in a joyful celebration 
of the Lord's Supper, a dialogue in itself. 

After lunch on Sunday. 131 people 
climbed into their cars and set off for 
Charlotte and home. Did the Christian 
community dissolve with their going? 
Time will tell. Many left Kanuga and the 
Parish Family Weekend with a new 
commitment to share themselves within 
the larger community that is St. John's. 
Such a sharing community is. after all, 
the Body of Christ, the true church. And 
in the hearts of the sharers one finds 
Christ. 



Judy Lane is a communicant of St. 
John's. Charlotte, and editor of the St. 
John's Newsletter. 



Special confirmation retreat held at St Thomas' 



By the Rev. S. F. James Abbott 

By 7 a.m. Sunday eighteen candles 
still shone brightly on the altar of the 
otherwise darkened church. The all- 
night vigil which had led up to the 
morning's Confirmation Service was 
ending, and the flames bore witness to 
the eighteen people who had "watched 
with Christ" for at least one hour during 
the night. 

It was all part of an effort to do 
something different and more 
meaningful this year at St. Thomas', 
Reidsville, in preparation for the 
Bishop's annual visitation and Service of 
Confirmation. The idea came from the 
custom of early Church in which 
Baptism and Confirmation were 
preceded by a time of prayer and intense 
preparation. Drawing on that ancient 
tradition, St. Thomas' confirmation 
class concluded five weeks of in- 
struction with a weekend retreat here at 
the church for the young confirmands in 
the group. 



It all began Friday night with a 
showing of the full-length movie 
"Godspell" to which the whole parish 
was invited. Then on Saturday morning 
the twelve young adult confirmands 
returned to the church with their 
sleeping bags in hand for a 22-hour 
retreat. 

The day consisted of traditional 
confirmation instruction, poster-making, 
games and activities, recreation and free 
time, the making of Communion bread 
for the next day's Eucharist, Biblical 
skits, a personal sharing time, and a 
special service of Compline just before 
the all-night vigil. 

After enjoying meals provided by their 
parents, the young people bedded down 
for the night in church school 
classrooms. 

The confirmands slept two to a room; 
and at various hours during the night, 
different twosomes were awakened to 
go into the church to watch and pray for 
an hour. At this point, several of the 
older adult confirmands joined in the 



retreat and took their turns in the vigil; 
and at least three adults took two-hour 
watches so that there would always be 
an adult present during the lonely hours 
of the night. 

At 7:15 a.m. all had breakfast 
together before returning to their 
respective homes to shower and get 
ready for the 11 a.m. service. By 10 
a.m. they were back again for a final 
"walk- through" before the service which, 
despite the rain outside, was a glorious 
occasion. 

This confirmation class may have 
been more tired than the average class is 
on the day of their confirmation, but the 
experience turned out to be an ex- 
tremely positive and memorable one for 
all of them, and it looks like a new 
tradition has been born here at St. 
Thomas'! 

Jim Abbott is the rector of St. Thomas'. 
Reidsville. 



May. 1970 Pnqr 11 



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The COMMUNICANT 



Vol. 69, No. 6 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



June, 1979 



Three become priests in Greensboro, Charlotte 



First woman ordained in Charlotte 
Holy Comforter hosts service 



By Judy Lane 



CHARLOTTE— Encompassed by 
love and joy, Lynn Corpening 
Honeycutt was ordained to the sacred 
order of priests on Saturday, June 9, 
the first woman ever to be ordained a 
priest within the Diocese of North 
Carolina. 

The Church of the Holy Comforter, 
where she served as curate since July 
1978, was the scene of the 11 a.m. 
ordination service, which was attended 
by 375 clergy and lay people. 

The Rt. Rev. Robert R. Hall, Bishop 
of the Diocese of Virginia, ordained 
Honeycutt, who remains canonically 
resident in his diocese. 

The joy that shone from her face 
during her ordination was not just the 



joy of achieving a goal until recently 
denied to women; it was the joy that 
any human being, female or male, 
would feel at being born to a new life of 
service as a priest in God's church. 

From the alleluia's of the 
processional to the closing "On Our 
Way Rejoicing," joy colored the ser- 
vice. It reached a peak when, after the 
laying on of hands, the presentation of 
a red stole and a Bible, and admist the 
congregation's enthusiastic applause, 
the new priest turned to the people and 
cried, "The peace of the Lord be 
always with you!" 

Honeycutt was surrounded by 
members of her several "families" on 
ordination day: her mother and 
cousins were there, as were her friends 
from Virginia, Washington, and the 
(See Honeycutt, page 6) 




Newly priested, the Rev. Lynn Honeycutt exchanges the peace with the congregation at the 
Church of the Holy Comforter. 



Diocesan service held in Greensboro 
Two ordained at St Andrew's 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 



GREENSBORO— An overcast sky 
and occasional showers were not 



Commission says 'wholesome life' is the issue 



Report out on homosexuality & ordination 



NEW YORK-The upcoming 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church will be asked not to enact any 
legislation which would make 
homosexuality "an absolute barrier to 
ordination," according to a report 
released by the Standing Commission 
on Human Affairs and Health. 

Issued in response to a directive by 
the 1976 Convention, the com- 
mission's report recommends that no 
"particular human condition" be singled 
out, making it a barrier to ordination. 

In its report the Commission 
reminds the Church that "the question, 
with regard to any ordinand, is whether 
he or she can and will lead a life which 
is a wholesome example to Christ's 
flock." 

The Commission's proposed 
resolution recognizes that expressions 
of both homosexuality and 
heterosexuality may involve "behavior 
which most Christians regard as 
abnormal, immoral, and/or anti-social." 

"There should be no barrier to the 
ordination of those homosexual 
persons who are able and willing to 
conform their behavior to that which 
the Church affirms as wholesome," the 
resolution says. 

The Commission's statement points 
out that if the Convention should make 
a specific human condition, such as 
homosexuality, a universal barrier to 
ordination, diocesan bishops and 
ministry commissions would be 
deprived of their authority for ap- 
proving postulants and candidates. 

The Commission has urged the 
Church to adopt a resolution ex- 
pressing the "mind of the General 
Convention" rather than an actual 
change in the Constitution or Canons. 

Under the chairmanship of Bishop 
Robert R. Spears of Rochester, the 
Commission spent more than two 
years studying the homosexual issue 
and held seven meetings in various 
parts of the country in which many 
individuals and diocesan study groups 
participated. 
In addition to the matter of the 



ordination of homosexuals, the 
Commission, when it was established 
in 1976, was assigned the broad field 
of human health, sexuality, and bio- 
ethical problems, but Bishop Spears 
reports that there was little time to 
study the broader issues. 

The 17-page report, which received 
the unanimous approval of the 
Commission, highlights some of the 
basic assumptions of the Commission 
with regard to interpretation and 
authority of the Bible, tradition and 
reason. The Commission, in its quest 
for a position on sexuality, briefly 
surveys some of the modern views of 
sexuality and relates some of the 
scientific professional agreements and 
disagreements. 

The report distinguishes between 
those persons who are "open and 
avowed" homosexuals and those 
whose homosexuality is "disguised or 
hidden." It is at least suspected that 
many homosexual persons have been 
ordained over the years, the report 
says. "The problems of hypocrisy, 
integrity, and suffering remain un- 
solved" in those situations, the report 
says. 

The Commission report says that 
such persons should not be singled out 
as "special sinners." They do not have 
nor "should they have any special 
rights that heterosexual persons do not 
have," it says. 

"By the same token," the report 
observes, "it should be obvious that we 
would insist that all civil and legal 
rights should apply to all people." 

"All human beings are equal before 
God; their actions are not," the 
Commission affirms. "Regardless of 
what moral judgment may be passed 
on homosexuality, we believe that 
there can be no question that in the 
sight of God the persecution of 
homosexual persons is a very serious 
sin. The Church has much of which to 
repent in this regard." 

"We believe we are faithful to biblical 
traditions in constantly emphasising 
the normative values of the family, 



social responsibility, and life of the 
Church," the Committee noted, "even 
though we know we all fall short of 
ideal values." 

The 12-member Committee, made 
up of three bishops, three priests, and 
six lay people, has presented the 
following unanimous resolution for 
adoption by the General Convention in 
September: 

1) There are many human con- 
ditions which bear upon a person's 
suitability; for ordination. Some of 
these are in the area of sexuality. 

2) The various homosexual 
adaptations result, in some cases, in 
behavior which most Christians regard 
as abnormal, immoral, and/or anti- 
social. Such behavior, as in the case of 
some expressions of heterosexuality, 
constitutes a disqualification for or- 
dination. 

3) The question, with regard to 
any ordinand, is whether he or she can 
and will lead a life which is a 
wholesome example to Christ's flock. 
There should be no barrier to the 
ordination of those homosexual 
persons who are able and willing to 
conform their behavior to that which 
the Church affirms as wholesome. 
Some homosexual persons can so 
conform their behavior and have done 
so, some even as they have 
acknowledged their homosexuality, 
while others cannot or will not. 

4) Clergy are expected to render 
compassionate and understanding 
pastoral care to homosexual in- 
dividuals, but not to promote or foster 
a homosexual adaptation as a 
generally acceptable alternative for 
Christians. 

5) The General Convention 
should enact no legislation which 
singles out a particular human con- 
dition and makes of it an absolute 
barrier to ordination, thus depriving 
Bishops and Commissions on Ministry 
of the proper exercise of their 
discretion in the particular cases for 
which they are responsible. 



enough to discourage the more than 400 
people who gathered from far and near 
to participate in the ordination of the 
Rev. John Edward Borrego and the Rev. 
Scott Thorne Holcombe to the 
priesthood at St. Andrew's Church in 
Greensboro last Saturday. 

Friends and family from ao far away 
as Oklahoma filled the red brick, 
Colonial style building for a service 
which saw two deacons made priest, 
and everyone present — lay and or- 
dained—challenged to take respon- 
sibility for ministry. 

That was the theme of the Rev. John 
R. Campbell's sermon to the near- 
capacity crowd. Campbell, the Rector of 
St. Timothy's Church and Dean of the 
Northwest Convocation, Winston- 
Salem, was the gospeller and preacher 
for the occasion. 

While noting the abundance of ar- 
ticulate and creative laity and clergy in 
the Diocese, Campbell pointed out that 
neither group was contributing as much 
as it could to the life of the Church. 

"For many of us— perhaps even for 
most of us — our greatest accolade at the 
end of it all will be that 'We did not help 
it much, but neither did we do it most 
harm,' " Campbell said. 

Urging all baptized people present to 
work harder for the renewal of the 
Church, Campbell declared, "We have 
the opportunity and the means for the 
equipping of the Saints, and there is no 
cause for us to go about making that 
claim in whispered voices." 

He charged the new priests to enjoy 
"this new dimension of your ministry" 
and to be faithful to their calling. 

"At the end of your journey, I hope 
you will be able to look back and say, 




The Rev. John Borrego communicates his 
fellow clergy at the eucharist which followed 
his ordination. 

(See Borrego, page 3) 



newsbriefs 



state and local 



world and national 



i 




N.C. Council of Churches 
names new director 

RALEIGH-The North Carolina 
Council of Churches has named the 
Rev. S. Collins Kilburn as its new 
Executive Director. Kilbum succeeds 
Dr. Samuel S. Wiley, who retired on 
May 31 after serving in the position for 
15 years. 

Previously, Kilburn had been Director 
of Social Ministries for the Council, a 
position he had held since 1969. 

As Director of Social Ministries he 
has been actively involved with issues 
relating to social and economic justice 
and legislative affairs, and has planned 
and directed a legislative seminar prior 
to the opening of each session of the 
General Assembly. 

In his new position he will become 
the chief executive officer of the 
Council of Churches and will be 
responsible for liason with the various 
ecclesiastical bodies which are 
represented in the Council as well as 
other ecumenical and religious groups in 
the State. 

The North Carolina Council of 
Churches is composed of 27 ec- 
clesiastical bodies, representing 17 
denominations in the State of North 
Carolina. Approximately 6,500 
congregations and 1.7 million church 
members are represented by the 
Council. 

Education and Training 
Committee to hold open 
meeting 

OXFORD-The Diocesan Education 
and Training Committee will hold a 
one-day open meeting for future 
planning on Tuesday, September 25, at 
the Church of the Holy Comforter, 
Burlington, from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. 
Clergy or laity with interests in 
education or training who think they 
might be interested in working on this 
committee are especially invited to 
attend. 

The present committee will present 
an overall review of special programs 
designed and used in the last two years, 
as well as programs of continuing 
responsibility. Adequate time will be 
provided for everyone present to 
"envision for the future" and to share 
Christian education interests and 
concerns. All participants at the open 
meeting will be asked to recommend 
program needs of the Diocese and to 
help set up goals to provide such in the 
ensuing years. Toward the end of the 
meeting people willing to commit 
themselves to active service on the 
committee will join other members in 
structure and design for 1979-1980. 

Ms. Virginia Culley of Baltimore serve 
as trained consultant for the day's 
training session. Culley is responsible 
for training for the Diocese of Maryland, 
where she is also a member of the 
Standing Committee and Commission 
on Ministry. She is a Senior Trainer and 
Consultant with the Mid-Atlantic 
Association for Training and Consulting 
and formerly head of its Baltimore 
office. The Reverend Harrison Simons, 
committee chairman, will be convener. 
Further information can be obtained by 
contacting him at Box 194, Oxford, 
North Carolina 27565. 



Biennial Madness strikes St. 
Timothy's 

WINSTON-SALEM-'Father, dear 
Father, come home with me now," 
pleaded precious little Mary, trying to 
get Joe Morgan out of the Sickle and 
Sheaf Tavern and back home to his 
long-suffering wife. Oh, the havoc 
wrought by demon rum! 

Ten Nights in a Bar-Room, a tem- 
perance melodrama, was presented on 
the stage of Drake Hall at St. Timothy's 
Church in Winston-Salem May 10-12. 
Directed by Clive Deane, the star- 
studded cast included Anitat Wesson 
as Mrs. Romaine, a temperance 
movement worker; Doug Bullet as 
Swichel, a local yocal who finds the 
path to sobriety; and the Rev. John R. 
Campbell, who moonlighted for three 
days as Simon Slade, the bartender of 
the Sickle and Sheaf. Campbell is the 
Rector of St. Timothy's. 

Melodramas like Sally of the Swit- 
chboard. The Drunkard, and Sadie of 
the Subway are an old tradition at St. 
Timothy's, where they have been 
produced every other year since 1953, 
when the first production was mounted 
to help pay for improvements to the 
parish hall. This year the proceeds of 
the play were used toward the parish's 
plx.r'ge to Venture in Mission. 




Visit St. John's this summer 

WILLIAMSBORO-Historic St. 
John's Episcopal Church is now open 
to visitors on Sunday afternoons from 2 
p.m. until 6 p.m. The church will 
remain open Sunday afternoons until 
October 30. 

Tis a lovely spot 

this church, this sod. 
Now quiet and. peaceful 
yet the echo's here 
where history trod. 
St. John's beckons still— 
A meeting place 
of man and God. 

St. John's, in Williamsboro, is the 
only colonial church building standing 
today in the Diocese of North Carolina. 
The present structure was built by the 
Lewis family in 1757. Throughout the 
colonial period, it was commonly 
known as Nut Bush Church, from the 
geographic designation of the area. 

Located in Henderson, seven miles 
north of 1-85 on N.C. Route 39, St. 
John's is maintained solely by voluntary 
contributions. Once each year a special 
service is held on St. John's Day— the 
second Sunday in October— followed by 
an old-fashioned picnic on the grounds. 
Coordinator needed for 
ERA 

RALEIGH-The North Carolina 
Council of Churches Committee for 
Equal Rights Amendment is seeking 
candidates for a salaried position of 
Coordinator for the Committee. The 
position will exist for 18 months. 
Candidates should possess (1) ad- 
ministrative and public relations skills 
(2) familiarity with ERA and church life. 

Interested persons should contact: 

The Rev. Lex S. Mathews 
P. O. Box 17025 
Raleigh, N.C. 27619 

Applications will be accepted until the 
closing date of September 1, 1979. 
Candidates will be considered without 
respect to race and sex. 



Executive Council backs ERA 
ratification 

GREENWICH, CONN.— The 
Executive Council of the Episcopal 
Church has urged all states which have 
not yet ratified the Equal Rights 
Amendment (ERA) to the federal 
Constitution to do so. 

The action came at the April 19-20 
meeting of the 4Tmember Council here 
after its Church in Society committee 
had recommended a resolution which 
would have simply urged the members 
of the Church to "study and be in- 
formed" about the proposed amend- 
ment. Council member Paul Neuhauser 
of Iowa, who introduced the resolution, 
said the committee had divided over 
actual support for the amendment but 
agreed to press for the study. 

Council member Frank P. Foster of 
Massachusetts introduced the amend- 
ment calling for ratification. After some 
debate, this was passed 16-5 and the 
amended resolution passed Council in a 
voice vote with a number of dissenting 
votes audible. 

The controversial amendment — 
Congress has recently extended the 
time in which states may ratify it — is a 
simply worded three section proposal, 
the pertinent section of which states: 
"Equality of rights under the law shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United 
States or by any State on account of 
sex." 

The remaining clauses are for 
enabling purposes. 

Shortly before passing the ERA 
measure, the Council gave its support 
to continued United States efforts to 
win an equitable Strategic Arms 
Limitation Treaty II (SALT II). 

The Council action supports a set of 
principles upon which it hopes the 
treaty will be based and urges Senate 
ratification of any treaty proposal which 
embodies those principles. 

These principles include: "Maintaining 
the security of the nation; reducing the 
expenditure of this nation on ar- 
maments; creating a continuing process 
for the maintenance of peace with a 
minimum of essential expenditure for 
national security; and releasing 
resources for the improvement of 
society." 




National Council opposes 
nuclear power 

SAN ANTONIO— The Governing 
Board of the National Council of 
Churches has called for a new national 
energy policy that will not need to 
utilize nuclear power. 

The final vote on the statement, "The 
Ethical Implications of Energy 
Production and Use," was 120 to 26, 
with one abstention. 

The Episcopal Church is one of 32 
Protestant, Anglican, and Orthodox 
bodies which make up the National 
Council, the nation's largest ecumenical 
organization. In general, the members 
of the Episcopal Church delegation, 
along with representatives of Antiochian 
Orthodox and the Greek Orthodox 
Churches, voted against the approved 
policy statement. 

The Statement supports conservation 
and development of renewable energy 
sources such as solar and wind power, 
while opposing any long-term increase 
in reliance on coal. It defines ethical 
criteria by which energy technologies 
must be judged, such as sustainability, 
fairness, and openness to democratic 
input on policy decisions. 

The precise wording passed on 
nuclear power reads: "We support a 
national energy policy which will not 



need to utilize nuclear fission. Secure 
handling of nuclear wastes over 
thousands of generations and safe 
operation of nuclear plants require that 
humans and their machines operate 
without endangering human beings or 
their environment. Human beings are 
not infallible; they will make mistakes, 
and machines wHl fail. The result may 
be irreversible damage to the en- 



"The board clearly expressed the 
sentiment that we were not advocating 
that tomorrow morning nuclear plants 
will be shut off," explained NCC 
President William Howard. "But there is 
a clear intent of this policy statement 
that serious moves begin immediately 
toward the complete cessation of 
dependence on nuclear fission as a 
source of energy." 



people 



New Dean at Sewanee 

SEWANEE, TENN.-William Brown 
Patterson, Jr., Rhodes Scholar and 
professor of history at Davidson 
College, has been chosen to replace 
Stephen E. Puckette as dean of the 
College of Arts and Sciences at the 
University of the South. 

Professor Patterson's appointment 
will become effective in the summer of 
1980 so that he may accept a 
Newberry fellowship for a year of 
research in church history at the 
Newberry Library in Chicago. 

After earning his B.A. at Sewanee in 
1952 with a major in English and 
history, Patterson earned an M.A. in 
English at Harvard as a Danforth fellow 
before going to Oxford as a Rhodes 
Scholar. 

Patterson received a B.D. in 1958 
from the Episcopal Theological School 
in Cambridge, Massachusetts; and he 
was ordained the next year in the 
diocese of North Carolina. He has 
served churches there and in 
Massachusetts and New Jersey. He 
received an M.A. in English from 
Oxford in 1959, and in 1966 he was 
awarded a Ph.D. in history and religion 
from Harvard. 

The Communicant has received notice 
of the following changes of cures: 

The Rev. Robert C. Baird: From the 
Diocese of South Carolina to Supply 
Priest, St. Christopher's Church, 
Garner, S.C. (Remains canonically 
resident in S.C.) 

The Rev. John E. Borrego: From 
Deacon to Ordination to the 
Priesthood (Continues as Assistant to 
the Rector of St. Francis' Church, 
Greensboro, N.C.) 

The Rev. Charles J. Cook: From 
Assistant, The Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill, to Supply Priest, St. 
Paul's Church, Smithfield, N.C. 

The Rev. Jack G. Flintom: From 
Assistant to the Rector, St. Luke's 
Church, Salisbury, N.C, to Non- 
parochial. 

The Rev. Herbert C. Gravely, Jr.: 
From Interim Rector, Emmanuel 
Church, Southern Pines, N.C. to 
Retirement. 

The Rev. Scott T. Holcombe: From 
Deacon to Ordination to the 
Priesthood (Continues as Assistant, 
St. Andrew's Church, Greensboro, 
N.C.) 

The Rev. Lynn Corpening 
Honeycutt:From Deacon to Or- 
dination to the Priesthood (Continues 
as Assistant, Holy Comforter, 
Charlotte.) 

The Rev. David L. Hopkins:From 
Non-parochial to the Diocese of 
Milwaukee 

The Rev. John C. Mott: From Rector, 
The Church of the Holy Family, 
Chapel Hill, N.C. to the Diocese of 
East Carolina. 

The Rev. John Westcott, Deacon: 
From the Diocese of New York to 
Assistant, St. Francis' Church, 
Greensboro, N.C. 



Page 2-The Communicant-June. 1979 



Borrego, Holcombe ordained at St Andrew's 



(from page 1) 
'Those were glorious years, walking in 
my pilgrimage as a Priest in the Church 




of God.' And I hope you will hear a voice 
proclaim to you 'Well done, good and 
faithful servant.' " 

The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser 
ordained Borrego and Holcombe for the 
Diocese of North Carolina. Presenting 
Borrego for ordination were his mother, 
Mrs. Edward Borrego, Stuart Crandall, 
and the Rev. Roland M. Jones, Rector of 
St. Francis' Church, Greensboro, where 
Borrego will continue to serve as 
Assistant. 

Holcombe was presented for or- 
dination by his wife, La Nora Holcombe, 
Matt Stockard, and the Rev. G. William 
Poulos, Rector of St. Andrew's, 
Greensboro, where Holcombe will 
continue in his present position of 
Assistant to the Rector. 

The Rev. Uly H. Gooch, Rector, St. 



Luke's Church, Salisbury, served as 
master of ceremonies. Gooch is the 
chairman of the Diocesan Commission 
on Liturgy and Worship. 

The Rev. Frank G. Dunn, Rector, St. 
Andrew's Church, Charlotte, served as 
litanist, and the Rev. Thomas J. Garner, 
Rector of Epiphany in Eden was the 
Bishop's Chaplain. 

The Old Testament lesson was read 
by Alan G. Atwell, and Lynn Griffith 
Borrego read the Epistle. 

Music for the service was provided by 
the combined choirs of St. Andrew's 
and St. Francis', under the direction of 
David L. Pegg, St. Andrew's Organist 
and Choirmaster. 

At the conclusion of the service the 
members of the congregation were 
treated in the parish house to a delicious 



luncheon by the Episcopal Chur- 
chwomen under the direction of Mrs. 
Lillian Hodgin. 





The Rev. John Edward Borrego, Assistant 
to the Rector, St. Francis', Greensboro. 



From left to right, the Rev. John Edward Borrego, 
Bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina, the Rev. " 
of the Epiphany, Eden, and the Rev. Scott Thorne 



Holy Comforter, Burlington hosts 
Every Member Canvass Workshop 



the Rt. Rev. Thomas Augustus Fraser, 
Thomas J. Garner, Rector of the Church 
Holcombe. 



BURLINGTON— "Every Member 
Can" was the theme of this year's Every 
Member Canvass Workshop, which was 
held May 26 at the Church of the Holy 
Comforter. Lay and clerical 
representatives from churches across 
the length and breadth of the Diocese 
gathered in the church's parish hall early 
Saturday morning to hear workshop 
Chairman Henry C. Bernhardt outline 
the comprehensive program on the nuts 
and bolts of parish canvassing. 

After coffee and boxes upon boxes of 
the fatest doughnuts they had ever seen, 
workshop participants heard Bishop 
Fraser and Michael Schenck, Treasurer 
of the Diocese, speak separately on the 
close partnership which exists between 
the Diocese and the yearly Every 
Member Canvass. 

Noting that "the function of the parish 
and the Diocese is to proclaim the 
absolute sovereignty of God", Bishop 
Fraser explained that the Diocese 
program was designed "to provide a 
first-class resource to enable 
congregations and clergy to proclaim the 
gospel." Continuing on the partnership 
theme, Fraser emphasized his efforts to 
keep the Diocesan budget down in order 
to insure a larger cash flow at the parish 
level. 

A similar note was struck by the 
Treasurer of the Diocese, Michael 
Schenck, III, who reminded the 
representatives that 88% of the more 
than $6.9 million raised by the 115 
churches during 1978 was spent by the 
local churches for direct support of their 



own operation. 

Schenck stressed the importance of 
the Every Member Canvass to the 
continued financial health of the Church 
and pointed out that with the Consumer 
Price Index up 13.2% since January and 
pledges for 79 up only 7.2% more than 
income received in 1978, church giving 
is not keeping up with inflation. 

After a short break, the workshop 
resumed with four presentations on the 
role of the parish family in the Every 
Member Canvass. 

After Joel A. Weston, Jr., a member 
of the vestry of St. Timothy's, Winston- 
Salem, spoke on the role of the vestry, 
the Rev. Rod Reinecke acknowledged 
that "while every member can, we all 
know that every member won't." 

"Our joint task is to make sure that 
every member is confronted with an 
opportunity to support the Church's 
mission. Mary Arthur Stoudemire, 
member of the Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill, and J. Tol Broome, Jr., 
Youth Representative to the Diocesan 
Council and member of Holy Trinity, 
Greensboro, followed Reineck with talks 
on the role of the laity and the role of 
youth respectively. 

After a salad and cold-cut luncheon, 
the workshop concluded with a "How 
to..." session, including mini-workshops 
on Canvass Planning and Organization 
led by Henry C. Bernhardt, Parish 
Budget Preparation led by Richard 
Messinger, and Graphics and Audio- 
Visuals led by David E. Setzer, all of St. 
Luke's, Salisbury. 



The Rev. Scott Thorne 
Assistant to the Rector, St 
Greensboro. 



Holcombe, 
Andrew's, 



^gN^ 




~°<-o*ZZo<* 



CONVENTION DAILY 

News about the 1979 General Convention of the Episcopal Church 
Denver, Colorado 
September 9-20, 1979 
• Fast, accurate news coverage • details of action in both Houses • informativ 
profiles of key participants • photos, features of worship, exhibits, meetings and celebra- 
tion that make Convention • a summary issue presenting the highlights and actions of 
the Colorado convention • 

THE CONVENTION DAILY 
If you can't be there, you can receive the 10 issues of the Daily mailed first class for 
S6.50 a subscription. Subscriptions will be accepted for the U.S. and Canada only and 
must be received no later than August 25, 1979. Place orders now at: 

THE CONVENTION DAILY • P.O. Box 10214 • Denver CO 80210 

Enclosed find a check or money order in the mount of $ for 

subscription(s) to the CONVENTION DAILY. Send to: 



City State 

(Please type or print address, use additional sheets as needed.) 



The Communicant-Jur 




editorial 



Of raspberries and resolutions 

At the IV Province Synod which met last week at Kanuga, a 
majority of the delegates representing the 18 dioceses which stretch 
from Kentucky to the Florida keys gave the raspberry to the 
Standing Commission on Human Affairs and Health. They did so by 
memorializing General Convention to amend the Commission's 
proposed resolution (see. p. 1) thereby making homosexuality an 
absolute barrier to ordination, and accomplishing the opposite of the 
Commission's intentions. 

Now it is not particularly surprising that a province whose 
essential conservatism is symbolized by the continuing power of its 
old boy network would be unsympathetic to the approach taken by 
the Bishop of Rochester and the other 11 members of the Com- 
mission. What is surprising, and impressive to boot, is the speed 
with which they were able to act under difficult circumstances. 

Delegates did not receive copies of the 17-page report until late 
Thursday, and an extremely full agenda and an adjournment set for 
Friday noon allowed little time for consideration and discussion of 
the report on the Synod floor. 

True, delegates could have passed up the cocktail party and 
delicious dinner of barbecued spare ribs which followed, and used 
those three hours to actually read the 17 pages of tightly printed text 
which is the product of two years of the Commission's labor. But it 
was hardly to be expected, and few did. What's more, a mind- 
numbing Program and Budget presentation by Executive Council 



sharing silentlyi 



during the evening business session sent the delegates back to their 
cabins later that night with little appetite for any more reports. 

Fortunately, however, most of the diocesan delegations had come 
to Synod with their positions already established, and they clearly 
weren't about to let the Commissions 17 pages and two years' worth 
of theological reflection get in their way on such a complex issue. 
Untroubled by first-hand knowledge of the report's contents, a 
majority of the delegates voted for a counter-resolution which passed 
with little opposition. 

What makes their accomplishment even more remarkable is the 
fact that they needn't have acted at all. Since the Commission's 
resolution is being offered for adoption by the upcoming General 
Convention, the representatives of the IV Province could have 
simply followed the lead of the other provinces (as well as the 
recommendation of their own resolutions committee) and received 
the report as information for further study and reflection in the three 
months remaining before the Denver meeting. They didn't have to 
bite the bullet— at least not yet. But they saw their duty and they did 
it. 

Yes, we have every reason to be proud of the example of 
enlightened leadership which our Province has set for the Episcopal 
Church on the eve of General Convention. All told, it took them less 
than an hour to undo two years' work with a reflex response which 
makes the common knee-jerk look positively deliberate by com- 
parison. CWB 



By the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

BURLINGTON— People with hearing 
impairments watch television as much 
as anyone else. But until recently, little 
had been done to make up for their 
inability to hear the soundtrack, the 
words that give meaning to the pic- 
tures. 

Late in 1976, the Federal Com- 
munications Commission authorized 
the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) 
and other broadcasters to televise 
"closed" captions for the more than 14 
million Americans with hearing im- 
pairments. 

We have now developed the 
technology to create, broadcast, and 
receive closed captioning nationwide. 
Home equipment needed for the 
system will be ready for sale to the 
public in early 1980. 

Initially, the public will be able to 
purchase an adapter unit that can be 
attached to any TV set, black-and- 
white or color. The unit will be simple 
to install and easy to operate. Later on 
it will be possible to purchase 
television sets which will be specially 
designed to receive closed cationing. 



At the present time, thousands of 
hearing-impaired people across the 
U.S. are being contacted through 
churches, clubs, schools, and national 
organizations to determine the level of 
interest in buying this equipment. If 
you or a member of your family are 
interested in having an adapter unit in 
your home or if you are just interested 
in supporting this project, please write 
to the National Captioning Institute ' 
and ask to be notified by the national 
retailer when the adapter unit or 
special TV becomes available in 1980. 
Mail your letter to the National 
Captioning Institute, P. O. Box 57064, 
West End Station, Washington, D. C. 
20037 

Please respond. Your expression of 
interest now will help generate the type 
of demand that can make closed 
captioning a success. If you wish more 
information, please contact me through 
the Diocesan Office or call me at home 
(919) 563-3077. 

Sharing Silently appears regularly in 
The Communicant as an aid to 
communication between deaf and 
hearing congregations in the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina. 



The COMMUNICANT 



Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Charlene LeGrand 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August /September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



With this issue, ^1^. jjgk>\(& 
The Communicant ^^R\3f^^ 
ceases publication for the ^^^^^ 
summer. The deadline for ^Tmfw'- 
the combined issue for |N Hffm,;;| 
August/September is August 1|J\^ 1 jEpfe^' 


letters 


|^^^ 



Sewanee says 'thanks' A nuclear moratorium? 



Dear Editor: 

The three diocesan trustees to 
Sewanee (University of the South) 
have just returned from the annual 
meeting and share with you some brief 
facts. 

First, we congratulate and thank 
very much the five Honor Roll parishes 
for contributing to the University $1 or 
more for each communicant. They are: 
St. Martin's, Charlotte; St. Alban's, •■ 
Davidson; St. Mark's, Halifax; St. 
Timothy's, Wilson; and St. Paul's, 
Winston-Salem. 

We were proud to have these five on 
the Honor Roll and assure you the 
diocese and the University are grateful 
for your support. 

Some of the other parishes made a 
contribution, but not at the rate of $1 
per communicant. The diocese and the 
University appreciate this support and 
we hope you can soon join the Honor 
Roll. 

Some parishes were not able or did 
not include Sewanee in their budget. 
We ask you to include Sewanee with a 
check from your parish in any amount. 

Your trustees are trying to get each 
parish to contribute some amount, 
with as many Honor Roll parishes as 
possible. 

Also of interest is the election of 
Bishop Furman C. Stough as 
Chancellor of the University. He 
replaces Presiding Bishop John M. 
Allin whose term expired after serving 
six years as Chancellor. 

Sincerely 

W. A. Goodson, Jr. 

for the Diocesan Trustees 



Dear Editor: 

Your May editorial on the nuclear 
question hit the spot. Yes, indeed! If 
the Church cannot speak with 
authority on Humility, Human 
Fallibility, Eternity— who can? And— if 
the Church will not — who will? 

It has been my feeling all along that 
the Church should and must speak out 
on these and similar issues, if we are 
truly Christian. It was because I felt 
this way that I sought a ministry 
almost a decade ago and have tried to 
be faithful to that concept since or- 
dination almost four years ago. 

You might be interested in the 
enclosed clipping from the Observer on 
Memorial Day. I was concerned that 
there seemed to be little or no word 
from local churches about Memorial 
Day and the need to speak out for 
Peace. My concern over the nuclear 
issue extends, of course, to "peaceful" 
uses as well. My secular job the past 
decade brought me in contact with 
engineers and scientists who were (and 
are) involved with nuclear energy, 
peaceful or otherwise. I recognize and 
respect their expertise in these matters, 
but also their limitations, as they 
themselves admit. All technological 
advances have their pitfalls, and 
nuclear energy (Three Mile Island, 
et.al.) technology is still in an incipient 
stage. A moratorium seems to me 
necessary at this point in time. 

Peace, 

The Rev. Arthur Kortheuer 

St. Martin's Church 

Charlotte, N. C. 



Page 4-The Communicant-June. 1979 



Copyright/ Copywrong 



the printed word h 



By the Rev. Bert H. Hatch 

"Thou salt not steal. " That's what the 
Bible says. But parish churches, 
through the actions of clergy, choir- 
masters, and Christian education 
leaders, are guilty of theft each and 
every day — and the accumulated value 
of the stolen goods increases 
dramatically every year. 

The "burglar's tools" are not guns 
and drills and hacksaws. They are 
called by such names as Xerox, 
Panasonic, and Betamax. They are 
copying machines — designed to 
reproduce anything in print or on audio 
or video tape. 

Who are these theives and how are 
their crimes committed? 

Gentle Archie Pella, 
organist/choirmaster of St. Wanda's in 
the Wildwood, has shot his music 
budget for the year. He wants 
something new and upbeat for the 
Easter offertory. So he "borrows" a 
copy of "My Lord, He is Risen" from 
his counterpart at First Presbyterian, 
and he hustles it over to the local 
insurance agency where the secretary 
lets him use the Xerox machine. In 
less than a minute the composer and 
the publisher have been robbed of 
another fifteen dollars. 

Harriet Iscariot, DRE at the Church 
of the Heavenly Hope, gets a great 
idea for a special Lenten course for 
junior highs. She knows one of the 
vestrymen has a video recording 



device, and she asks him to record 
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe 
straight off network televison. He is "a 
good Episcopalian" and is "happy to do 
it." And with the simple press of a 
button the Episcopal Radio- TV 
Foundation is done out of another bit 
of anticipated income from film rental 

A parish priest, highly regarded in 
church and community for his upright, 
straightforward way of life, orders a 
packaged adult-education course on a 
ten-day trial basis. He tries it — likes 
it — and proceeds to "dub" the three 
cassettes on to his own tape and to 
Xerox pertinent passages from the 
study guide. Then he wraps the 
material up in its original package and 
returns it to the publisher, saying "It's 
not quite wh at I a m looking for." 

The immorality of the last case 
history (a true story) is so obvious as 
to need no further comment. But 
perhaps a word or two more could be 
said about the sins of "Harriet" and 
"Archie." 

It is perfectly legal for the owner of a 
home video recorder to record TV 
shows for his own enjoyment. This is 
the stated purpose for which these 
devices are marketed. It is not legal for 
shows to be recorded for commercial 
or group use. 

The Episcopal Radio-TV Foundation 
is obviously sold on the merits of C. S. 
Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia— and 
so it might seem natural to assume 
that the Foundation would applaud 




Humor can be as revealing as it is enjoyable — an amusing form of 
enlightenment which, like any other human endeavor, can provide valuable clues 
to our inner hopes and dreams and our understanding of ourselves. The common 
wisdom which is the heritage of any community often finds expression in the 
jokes and stories which make up such a rich part of its oral tradition. 

In order that this wisdom might inform the ongoing search for a new Coad- 
jutor, The Communicant asks its readers to send in their favorite 'bishop jokes' 
and anecdotes, whether they be true or apocryphal, rooted in fact or in fiction. A 
selection of the best submissions will appear in each issue of the paper between 
now and the November election. 

Share the laughter — send submissions to: The Communicant • P.O. Box 
17025 • Raleigh, N.C. 27705. 

The first three entries were submitted by the Rev. John Tol Broome, Rector of 
Holy Trinity Church, Greensboro. 

ooon after Bishop Penick was consecrated, he was invited to be the guest 
speaker at a joint ladies' night of several civic clubs and was seated at the head 
table, dressed in his 'civies', not his clericals. After a long, glowing introduction, 
as Bishop Penick pushed back his chair and started to get up to go to the 
podium, the man seated next to him grabbed his coat sleeve, pulled him back 
into his seat, and said: "Sit down, ya' damned fool — the bishop's going to speak!" 

At a confirmation service in Texas, the elderly bishop began moving down the 
altar rail laying his hands upon the confirmands. He was very nearsighted and 
his vision was somewhat blurred. When he came to the end of the altar rail, he 
laid his hands on the newell post and prayed, "Bless, O Lord, this thy child with 
thy heavenly grace...." Entered into the parish register were the names of the 
confirmands and one newell post. 

After a visitation, the bishop was shaking hands with people in the 
congregation as they came out the door. A lady came up to the bishop and said, 
"Bishop, I'll bet you don't know who I am." The Bishop smiled at the lady and 
replied, "Oh yes, I do, Madam. You're the meanest woman in my diocese to ask 
me a question like that!" 



Harriet's taping of the TV production, 
on the grounds that thereby The Lion 
would be seen and enjoyed by an even 
larger audience. 

However, the fact is that the 
Foundation's principal source of in- 
come from that production will be from 
film rental and sales. The Foundation 
has spent some $30,000 to promote 
the TV production, and the possibility 
of its having sufficient funds available 
to insure another volume of the 
Chronicles on TV is seriously 
threatened by Harriet and her band of 
video pirates. 



booksL 



Likewise, the only income the 
composer and publisher can expect 
from "My Lord" is from the sale of 
sheet music to church choirs. When 
the composer decides to quit com- 
posing and go back to driving a truck 
to feed his family, Archie will probably 
wonder why he isn't writing that good 
music anymore. 

Modem gadgetry has made it 
ridiculously easy to steal the creative 
labors of others. If our not-so-modern 
Christian ethics cannot empower us to 
resist temptation and to let the Honor 
System work, we are all in big trouble. 




Prayer Book Renewal 

edited by H. Barry Evans. Seabury 
Press, . 1978. 128 pp., $3.95. 

Making the Small Church 
Effective 

by Carl S. Dudley. Abingdon Press, 
1978. 192 pp., $4.95. 

By the Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

As a parish priest and teacher I look 
for resources that will be helpful, not 
only to me, but also to the lay people 
who themselves seek to learn and 
teach the Faith. Two recent books 
which I have found particularly useful 
are Prayer Book Renewal and Making 
The Small Church Effective. 

From two conferences on liturgy 
held at the College of Preachers, 
comes the first book, edited by H. 
Barry Evans. For the most part each 
essay builds upon the last one, so that 
repetition is avoided. Several are useful 
tools for teaching or leading discussion 
groups regarding renewed practices of 
our liturgy. Louis Weil's explanation of 
the meaning of the Eucharistic Prayer 
was part of a Lenten study on 
Eucharist. Boone Porter's essay on 
"The Paschal Mystery" became a 



resource for planning Holy Week and 
Easter services. Taken together, the 
two provided a helpful discussion of 
the pros and cons regarding children 
receiving Communion. This book 
would certainly be a useful resource for 
any parish Worship Committee in- 
terested in exploring the pastoral, 
theological and practical aspects of 
liturgical and Prayer Book renewal. 

Making the Small Church Effective is 
becoming a major resource in uts field. 
Carl S. Dudley is the author and he 
provides a good tool for understanding 
the problems and values of the small 
church. Clergy and vestry and key lay 
leaders of such churches should be 
encouraged by his approach. It is not a 
book of answers so much as a book of 
understanding — of what strengthens, 
weakens, and keeps the small church 
glued together. The author provides 
simple exercises throughout which can 
be used by a group (or individual) to 
further their understanding of its 
contents. This feature makes it par- 
ticularly suitable as an eight to ten 
session study. 

Harrison Simons is the Rector of St. 
Stephen's Church and Priest-in-Charge 
of St. Cyprian's in Oxford, N. C. 



our common life^At? 



By the Rev. Joel T. Keys 

You have no doubt heard of 
Murphy's Law, Parkinson's Law, and 
the Peter Principle. The Church as a 
unique organization has, I believe, its 
own quirks and foibles, and so requires 
its own set of laws, a few of which I 
list below. 

•1) Any speaker who is not a 
member of the parish is an expert. 

•2) The other parish is always doing 
a better job with youth work, ministry 
to older adults, Christian education, 
etc. 

•3) Whoever really gets on. your 
nerves is exactly the person God will 
send to work with you. 

•4) If you have postponed a meeting 
once, you will postpone it again and 
then cancel it. 

•5) Nine out of ten times there will 
be somebody sitting in your favorite 
pew. 

•6) If more than one person is going 
to an out of town meeting, you must 
take two cars. 



•7) Three laws on audio-visuals for 
Church School teachers, guild leaders, 
and EYC advisors: 

a) The only time you want to 
use the projector is the same time 
everyone else wants to use the 
projector. 

b) The newest-looking record 
player doesn't work. The oldest, most 
mildewed record player works best. 

c) The first three magic markers 
you try will not work. 

•8) 7:30 meetings begin at 7:43. 

•9) People who come to church 
once a year invariably come the 
Sunday that the clergy they want to 
see are away. (The converse of this is 
true also: the very Sunday a clergyman 
wants to talk with a committee 
chairman at church is the only Sunday 
that committee chairman has missed in 
four years.) 

•10) The one time a clergyman calls 
on you to say grace at a parish dinner 
you forget every blessing you know 
except "God is great, God is good." 

Joel Keys is Asssistant to the Rector 
of Christ Church, Charlotte. 

The Communicant- June. 1979-Page F> 



Honeycutt ordained in Charlotte 




The Rev. Lynn Corpening Honeycutt kneels 
for the laying on of hands. 



SJ 



2^ ^ ^ 



(from page 1) 
Diocese of North Carolina, and her 
Holy Comforter family. 

A garden reception and luncheon 
followed the service. The day ended 
with a covered-dish block party in 
Charlotte's Dilworth neighborhood, 
where a banner strung across the 
street proclaimed: "Yeah, Lynn!" As 
the festivities drew to a close late that 
evening, Bishop Hall said that he had 
"never seen so much love poured out 
for one person." 

Among those presenting Honeycutt 
for ordination were her mother Vera 
Bush Budke, the Rev. Alwin Reiners, 
rector of Holy Comforter, Joan Kaylor 
Bender, Joan H. DelVecchio, William 
A. Shuford, and Karen McKinnon 
Wilson, all members of Holy Com- 
forter, and the Rev. Gay Clark Jen- 
nings, chaplain of Children's Hospital, 
Washington, D. C. 

After recalling the words of the Old 
Testament lesson for the service, "For 
the Lord has created a new thing on 
the earth: a woman protects a man," 
(Jeremiah 31:7-22), the Rev. Patricia 
M. Park, preacher for the service, 
spoke of the priesthood as an op- 
portunity for "mutual protection 
between men and women," "an 
exercise of co-creative love." 

Parks, Associate at St. Paul's 
Church in Richmond, Virginia, charged 
the ordinand to remember "that 
servanthood is the anchor of 
priesthood." 

Serving as litanists were Phyllis 



Crocket and John F. Wilson, both of 
Charlotte. Michelle B. Milden, of 
Arlington, Virginia, read the Old 
Testament lesson, and Thomas M. 
Wilson of Holy Comforter read the 
epistle. 

The Rev. Alwin Reiners served as 
master of ceremonies; and the Rev. 
Florence B. Canfield, curate of St. 
David's Church, Washington, D. C, 
was the gospeller. Music for the service 
was provided by the choirs of Holy 
Comforter Church under the direction 
of Mary K. Wilson, organist and choir 
director. 

Honeycutt will continue to serve as 
curate of the Church of the Holy 
Comforter. 



Judy Lane is a communicant of St. 
John's Church, Charlotte, and the 
editor of the St. John's Newsletter. 




The laying on of hands completed, the new 
priest is helped to her feet by Bishop Hall. 





As the ordination service begins, Lynn Honeycutt (center) is joined in the front pew by her 
mother, Vera Bush Budke (left), and David Waters, a close friend from Washington, D.C. 



Diocesan Council gives approval to 
Conference Center site preparation 



Newly priested, Lynn Honeycutt communicates the members of the Holy Comforter Choir 
near the close of the ordination service held in Charlotte in early June. 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

RALEIGH— Resolutions authorizing 
initial site preparation for the proposed 
Camp and Conference Center in 
Greensboro and the direct payment of 
Campaign funds to the designated VIM 
projects highlighted the May 17 meeting 
of the Diocesan Council. 

By unanimous vote, Council members 
approved a resolution presented by the 
Camp and Conference Center Com- 
mittee which provides for the con- 
struction of a permanent roadway to the 
building site at a total cost not to exceed 
$50,000. The resolution also authorized 
the Treasurer of the Diocese to enter 
into an agreement for architectural 
services on a fixed fee basis with Dodge 
and Beckwith, the Raleigh architectural 
firm which has had charge of preliminary 
design work on the project. 

The Venture in Mission Committee 
also received unanimous support for its 
resolution authorizing the Treasurer of 
the Diocese to send VIM campaign 
monies directly to the designated 
projects for their immediate use. The 
committee proposed the resolution after 
learning that the national Church may 
hold Venture in Mission receipts for up 
to four years, while project proposals are 
re-evaluated to determine which ones 
should actually receive funding. 



In related business, the Council voted 
to apply $75,000 received from the 
Estate of General William A. Smith to 
the $2 Million Campaign as an un- 
designated receipt. 

In presenting the Treasurer's Report 
for the period ending Aporil 30, 1979, 
Schenck noted that a "slump" in receipts 
from individuals was the cause of 
current deficits of $21,553 in the 
Episcopal Maintenance Budget and 
$22,665 in the Church's Program 
Budget. 

Council members also approved a 
loan application to the National Church 
Foundation by Christ Church, Rocky 
Mount, and received from the Depart- 
ment of Finance the following schedule 
for preparation of the 1980 budgets: 

June 30-Budget request forms 
available and mailed; 

August 20-Budget request 
deadline; 

August 28-Budget hearings; 

September 6-Diocesan Council 
meeting 

September 28-Assessment and 
Quota mailed to each church. 

After a brief presentation on the work 
of the Thompson Children's Home by its 
Executive Director, John Powell, the 
Council adjourned. Its next meeting is 
scheduled for September 6 at the 
Diocesan House. 



Page 6-The Communi 



Search under way for next Coadjutor 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

HIGH POINT— For three weeks now 
they've slipped quickly in and out of 
North Carolina by plane or car, criss- 
crossing the country in teams of three on 
a mission known only to themselves. 
And even as you read this, one of these 
teams may be interviewing the next 
Bishop Coadjutor of this diocese. 

It's all part of a process which the 
Nominating Committee for the Election 
of a Bishop Coadjutor hopes will 
produce a minimum of five nominees for 
the election to be held November 2, at 
St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

Following the recommendations of its 

Survey results are in 



Subcommittee on Process and 
Structure, chaired by the Rev. Peter 
James Lee, rector of Chapel of the 
Cross, Chapel Hill, the Nominating 
Committee surveyed delegates to the 
Special Convention during May, in order 
to ascertain what they expected of a 
Bishop Coadjutor and to solicit the 
names of possible candidates (See 
related story on page 7.). 

Public sources and informal inquiries 
of other sources provided a rough body 
of information from which the Com- 
mittee then made an initial selection of 
candidates to be interviewed. 

The Committee expects that most of 
these interviews will be completed by 



June 25, at which time they will 
determine which candidates will be 
invited to meet the entire Nominating 
Committee in late August, which remain 
to be interviewed before that time, and 
which must be eliminated from the 
process. 

By Labor Day, the Nominating 
Committee plans to announce a 
minimum of five persons as its nominees 
for Bishop Coadjutor. Those nominees 
will be invited to visit the diocese in early 
October for a two- day visit to meet 
delegates to the Special Convention and 
clergy. In addition to the nominees 
named by the Committee, nominations 
will be accepted from the floor of the 



convention, which is scheduled for Nov. 
2, Winston-Salem. 

Only those candidates selected by the 
Nominating Committee as nominees on 
September 4 will be asked for their 
consent, and no public announcement 
of candidates will be made until that 
time. 

"We want this process not only to end 
with a faithful and effective Bishop 
Coadjutc for North Carolina, but also 
with a sense of enhancement of ministry 
among those who participate in any 
stage," explains the Rev. William P. 
Price, rector of St. Mary's, High Point, 
and chairman of the Nominating 
Committee. 



Delegates want a chief shepherd with pastoral skills 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

CARRBORO— Psssst! Want to see a 
picture of North Carolina's next Bishop 
Coadjutor? There's a man in Carrboro 
who can draw you one. He's George 
Stiles, Jr., a UNC-trained sociologist 
and survey specialist. Stiles recently 
served as technical consultant to the. 
Nominating Committee on its survey of 
the clergy and lay delegates who will 
vote in the upcoming November 
election. 

According to his report, the next 
priest to wear the purple will be "a chief 
shepherd who can hold in unity all the 
congregations of the diocese," a 
"listener/communicator able to listen to 
others, especially those with whom he 
disagrees," and "a preacher/evan- 
gelist/prophet able to speak Christian 
truth boldly, with conviction, M m 
courageously," while at the same time 
communicating "in his person arid 
actions the clarity of his own spirilgp 
life." 

Stiles based the profile on the resuM; 
of the survey which began on Tuesdays 
May 1, when the Committee sent oih| 
approximately 400 questionnaires to the'* 
clerical and lay delegates to November's 
Special Convention. 

The delegates were asked to rate each 
of 30 personal qualities, experiences, or 
behaviors in terms of their importance 
for the Bishop Coadjutor, using the 
following scale: 

1-very low priority; unimportant or 
irrelevant; ," 

2-moderately l^^priority; useful but 
not necessary; . fc , _ n 

3-moderately high priority; 
desireable but not critical; 

4-very high priority; essential or 
indispensable. fj 

In addition, the questionnaire included 
two "Remarks" sections to allow 
delegates 

about iteni$:rtot covered by the^ 
as well as a final section for suggestions 
about potential candidates. 

To date over 300 questionnaires have 
been returned, a response rate of over 
75%. About one-third of the respon- 
dents suggested potential candidates. 

Ten of the ' 
"essential or 
majority of the < 
order they are: chief s 
open to differed 
listener/communice 
communicate clarity 
(71.4%), pastor of the i 
preacher/evangelist/prorj 
administrator (56.2%), 
leader/visionary/missiona 1 
chief liturgical officer (51 / 

53.8% of the respondents considered 
it "Unimportant or irrelevant" whether 




the new Bishop Coadjutor had lived and 
ministered in the Diocese of North j| 
Carolina. On the whole, however, 
delegates seemed less inclined to assign 
low priority ratings, and less able to 
agree when they did. Only three other 
attributes were rated "irrelevant" by 25% 
or more of the delegates: experience in 
secular employment (41.9%), skill as a 
fund-raiser (27.1%) and experience as a 
priest or bishop in other dioceses 
(25.7%). 

As might be expected, the orHj/ ; 
significant differences between groups 
of respondents appeared to follow lay 
and clerical lines. According to the 
report, lay delegates placed greater 
emphasis on administrative and fund- 
raising activities, stressed more strongly 
the Bishop's role as unifier and one who 
will hear differences of opinion. And by 
a margin of 2 to 1 , the lay delegates 
stressed the importance of the Bishop's 
annual visitation to each congregation. 

The clerical delegates were more 
inclined to emphasize the role of the 
Bishop as an advocate of increased lay 
ministry, and a leader in civic and public 
affairs. As might be expected, the clergy 
also placed greater emphasis on the role 
of the Bishop as pastor of the pastors. 

There appeared to be few significant 
differences in the responses of small and 
large churches save on the question of 
annual visits, which received much 
greater emphasis from small churches. 

A communicant of the Chapel of the 
Cross for the past five years, Stiles 
heads up Pirigo Associates, Inc., a small 
consulting firm which specializes in 
survey and analysis for the health 
professions. Originally skeptical about 
the usefulness of the survey, he agreed 
to take on the project at the request of 
his rector, the Rev. Peter James Lee. 
The experience proved very educational. 

"Frankly, I was unprepared for the 
seriousness with which people took their 
responsibilities," Stiles explained. 

"You go through the returned sur- 
vey's, and you see lots of crossed out 
areas and marginal comments, all 
telltale signs indicating that people were 
being very deliberate and thoughtful in 
their responses," he observed. 

Although he is the first to 
acknowledge that the survey did not 
turn up any surprises. Stiles believes 
that it will be helpful in making people 
more sensitive to the issues important to 
the Diocese and in framing the ex- 
pectations of the prospective candidates 
and perhaps even the new bishop along 
more realistic lines. 

"At least the new bishop will not be 
able to claim, six months into his 
episcopate, v that he really didn't know 
the needs of the diocese," Stiles noted. 

Stiles also noted the usefulness of the 



survey in the committee's effort to avoid 
taking a judgmental stance in assessing 
. the strengths of the various candidates. 

"This survey provides some tangible 
subjects around which a positive sharing 
can take place between committee 
members and candidates," he explained. 



By making possible a real discussion 
of the issues and an exchange of in- 
formation, Stiles is convinced that it will 
be helpful both to the committee and the 
candidates. "And not so incidentally, I 
think it will preserve the dignity of 
everyone involved." he noted. 



k 



BLUEPRINT FOR A BISHOP Nj 

Nominating process announced 



At its April 27th meeting, the Nominating Committee approved the following process 
and time schedule as recommended by its Subcommittee on Process and Structure: 

April 27— Survey mailed to all delegates to Special Convention to ascertain what is 
expected in a Bishop Coadutor and to elicit names of possible candidates. 
May 15 — Survey returned and tabulated. En. ^^n 

May 24— Noiminating Comm i I it to 

•approve profile of a Bishop Coadjutor based on the survey; 

• divide all led into four groups: 

One— Those to be interviewed immediately; 

Two — Those v\ho ' i interest > ficieni n nnediate in- 

terviews; ';'v 

Three— Unknowns; 
Four— Not to be considered. 
At this meeting the Committee will also: 
•approve the Interview Guide {a set of agreed questions to guide the interviewing 
team): M^k 

•approve the Scoring Guide for interview teams; 

• assign Group One and Two candidates to six interview teams; 

•assign Group Three candidates to Executive Committee of Chairman (the Rev 
William P. Pi' St Mam , 1 - 'Marion Follin, Sr. Holy Trinity, 

Greensboro) and Secretary (the Rev. Peter James Lee) for assembling of data: 
•participate in interview tr, i I i p Richards 

May 25-June 25— Six interview teams of three members each interview candidates, elicit 
information about Group Two candidate- b t i ,< hem where appropriate to Group 
e, and i ' Scoring Guide on each 

candidate interviewed to the secretary for distribution to the entire committee. The 
Executive Committee assigns promising Group Three candidates to Interview Teams 
where appropriate. 

June 25— The Nominating Coi imitt e meets ii iO plus 7 can 

didates for invitatioi tomeetii th r August. 

June-August— Interview Teams wind up personal interviews with candidates not yet 
interviewed B« unan nou cot f ich Ini view Team may add one candidate to the 
August interviews. Where possible, members of the Nominating Committee seek personal 
interviews with the finalists. 

August 2'J l iitt e intervi LOpli ts in individual sessions 

over a two-day period. 

Septembn ommil i - ■ lominees whose names 

will be announced immediately in a special insert published in The Communicant. 

October 7— Half the final candidates meets with delegates and clergy from the East at 
7:30 p.m. meeting in Raleigh; the other half meets the same night in Salisbury with 
delegates and clergy from the West. 

October 8 — The candidates meet the remaining delegates and clergy in Raleigh and 
Salisbury. 

October 8- 9— Candidates en route from Raleigh to Salisbury and vice versa are available 
for private meetings. 

November 2— Special Convention is held at St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

November-December— Bishop Coadjutor-elect concludes previous ministry; a com- 
mittee assists to plan orientation. 

January 1 980— Bishop-Coadjutor elect begins orientation of the diocese. 

February— Continuing education, retreat, and transition training for Bishop Coadjutor 
elect. 

March 8 or 15— Consecration of the Bishop Coadjutor 

March 9 or 16— First visitation by the Bishop Coadjutor, 

Group One and Group Two candidates will be- notified as soon as they come under 
consideration and informed of the process that will be followed. Only those candid; 
selected by the Nominating Committee as nominees on September 4 will be asked for t 
consent. No public announcement of candiates will be made until September 4. 



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The COMMUNICANT 



Vol. 69, No. 7 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



August/September, 1979 



Committee names five for Coadjutor 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

HIGH POINT— Douglas Burgoyne, 
Theodore Eastman, Robert Estill, 
Daniel Matthews, and Martin Tilson 
will be nominated for Bishop Coad- 
jutor at the November 2 convention in 
Winston-Salem, according to an 
announcement made Thursday, 
September 6, by the Rev. William 
Price, Chairman of the Nominating 
Committee and Rector of St. Mary's, 
High Point. Alt five priests have 
consented to nomination. 

After more than three months of 
interviews and deliberation, the 18- 
member Nominating Committee met in 
High Point with eleven finalists the last 
week in August, before announcing the 
slate of five nominees. 



The Committee has designated 
October 7 and 8 as occasions to meet 
the nominees. Meetings will be held 
simultaneously both evenings at St. 
Luke's, Salisbury, and the Church of 
the Good Shepherd, Raleigh. Clergy 
and delegates to the Special Con- 
vention will be asked to attend 
meetings on both evenings at the most 
convenient location. Two candidates 
will be present at one location the first 
night and travel to the second city the 
following night, while three candidates 
will begin at the second location on the 
first night and travel to the other the 
next evening. 

The committee is recommending 
Rules of Order to the Special Con- 
vention which, if adopted by the 
Convention, will permit nominations 



from the floor. Such nominations, 
according to the proposed rules, must 
be endorsed by three delegates, in- 
cluding at least one in the clerical order 
and one in the lay, no two of whom 
may be from the same 
congregation. The proposed rules 
also require the consent of the 
nominee. The Special Convention, 
which meets at St. Paul's Church, 
Winston-Salem, N.C., on Friday, 
November 2, will determine its own 
rules. The Nominating Committee's 
proposals will be circulated in advance 
of the Convention. 

The five nominees were selected by 
the Nominating Committee created by 
the 163rd annual Convention of the 
Diocese of North Carolina last 
January. In addition to Mr. Price, the 



Chairman, other members of the 
committee are the Rev. Arthur 
Calloway, Rector, St. Ambrose, 
Raleigh; Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh; the Rev. Frank 
Dunn, Rector, St. Andrew's, Charlotte 
(Mr. Dunn resigned in September to 
accept a call to Connecticut); Mrs. 
Rose Flannagan, Holy Innocents, 
Henderson; Marion Follin, Sr., Holy 
Trinity, Greensboro, and Vice- 
Chairman of the Committee; Jacob H. 
Froelich, Jr., St. Mary's, High Point; 
Miss Laura Hooper, St. Stephen's, 
Winston-Salem; Mrs. Jane House, St. 
Paul's, Louisburg; the Rev. Barry 
Kramer, Diocesan Missioner to the 
Deaf, Mebane; the Rev. Peter James 

(See Coadjutor, page 3) 



66th General Convention underway in Denver 



DENVER— The Episcopal Church's 
1979 General Convention— its 66th— 
will convene here on September 9 with 
opening Eucharists in Colorado 
churches, organizing sessions of the 
two houses, and a service of 
preparation and intercession for the 
235 bishops and 904 clerical and lay 
deputies. 



Serving on behalf of the diocese as 
deputies to Convention in the lay order 
will be Scott Evans, Durham; Thomas 
A. Fanjoy, Statesville; Rose Flan- 
nagan, Henderson; and Henry Lewis, 
Chapel Hill. Serving as deputies in the 
clerical order will be the Rev. John R. 
Campbell, Rector, St. Timothy's, 
Winston-Salem and Dean of the 



Northwest Convocation; the Ven. 
Robert N. Davis, Archdeacon and 
Canon to the Ordinary, Raleigh; the 
Rev. L. Bartine Sherman, Rector, St. 
Martin's, Charlotte; and the Rev. Frank 
H. Vest, Jr., Rector, Christ Church, 
Charlotte. 

For the next 11 days— September 
10-20— the triennial, bicameral 



Gallup releases poll results 



Majority favors continued use of '28 book 



NEW YORK— Just when the 1979 
General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church is about to decide the fate of 
the 1928 Book of Common Prayer, a 
Gallup Poll shows that 71% of those 
who responded to the survey want 
freedom of choice to continue using 
the old book along with the new. 

The results were announced by 
George Gallup, head of the American 
Institute of Public Opinion, Princeton, 
New Jersey, at a news conference at 
the Princeton Club in New York City 
last July. 

According to Gallup, "A large and 
impressive majority of the nation's 
Episcopalians want the convention in 
Denver to authorize the continued use 
of the 1928 Book of Common Prayer. 
Those favoring such action outweigh 
those opposed by a whopping seven- 
to-one margin, 71% to 10%, with 19% 
undecided". 

He went on to say that the laity state 
a personal preference for the earlier 
book over the 1976 book by a nearly 
3-to-l margin, 63% to 23%, with 
those in favor of the 1928 book feeling 
more strongly about their choice than 
those who favor the 1976 book. 

Again, in sharp contrast, 80% of the 
clergy personally prefer the 1976 book, 
compared to 14% who favor the 1928 
book, Gallup reported. 

"While the clergy overwhelmingly 
state a personal preference for the 
1976 book and oppose the 
authorization of the continued use of 
the 1928 book, two-thirds of the clergy 
(66%) say it would not make any 
difference to them if other Episcopal 



congregations in their locality used ti... 
book they were not using," Gallup said. 

"In addition, nine in ten (89%) of the 
laity, regardless of the book they 
themselves prefer, think their fellow 
Episcopalians who prefer the other 
book should be allowed to use it." 

The Gallup Poll was commissioned 
by the 120,000-member Society for 
the Preservation of the Book of 
Common Prayer based in Nashville, 
Tennessee. 

"We asked Mr. Gallup to make the 
poll because we have long thought that 
we represent the voice of the largest 
number of Episcopalians on the prayer 
book issue," said the Reverend K. 
Logan Jackson, 29-year-old president 
of the Society. "The leaders of the 
Episcopal Church are simply unaware 
of how many members prefer the 1 928 
book... and how strongly they feel 
about it." 

Jackson cited reports from the 
House of Bishops meeting in Kansas 
City in October, 1978, that interest in 
the 1928 prayer book" is 
spotty... perhaps 5%." He said the 
president of the House of Deputies, Dr. 
Charles Lawrence, said in March that 
he thought there was little sentiment in 
the church for continuing the 1928 
prayer book as a legal alternative to the 
revised book. 

"The Gallup Poll results refute this," 
Jackson said, "but we recognize that 
the bishops and Dr. Lawrence could 
hardly be expected to know the true 
figures without such a poll." 

"We are asking the upcoming 



General Convention to vote for both 
books... and reconciliation," said 
Jackson. "Why ban the old book at the 
price of alienating half the mem- 
bership? We are asking the bishops 
and deputies to prove that the church 
is truly tolerant, charitable, and broad- 
minded. 

"The churches of England and 
Australia avoided such disagreement 
by simply accepting the fact that the 
old book is beloved by most of their 
people and should not be taken away 
from them," Jackson continued. 

"All we ask is the same freedom of 
choice at the parish level. And we 
know now that we speak for a vast 
majority of the membership of the 
church." 

Mr. Gallup said that the surveys 
were conducted by a combination of 
mail and telephone interviews in May 
and June. 

The names and telephone numbers 
of the Episcopal laity were drawn from 
surveys regularly conducted by the 
Gallup Poll. The design of the poll 
sample is that of a replicated 
probability sample down to the block 
level in urban areas and to segments of 
townships in rural areas. 

"The resulting list of Episcopal laity 
can, therefore, be considered a 
representative sample of the nation's 
adult Episcopalian population," he 
said. The tabulation is available on 
request from the Society for the 
Preservation of the Book of Common 
Prayer, P. O. Box 12206, Acklen 
Station, Nashville, Tenn. 37212. 




The Most Reverend Edward Walter Scott, 
Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada, 
will be the preacher at the General Convention 
Eucharist in Denver on Sunday, Sept. 16. 
Convention will meet in committee in 
the early morning, followed by 
legislative sessions of the House of 
Bishops and the House of Deputies in 
the morning and afternoon. 

At 3 o'clock Sunday afternoon, 
September 9, bishops, deputies, and 
delegates to the Triennial Meeting of 
the Women of the Episcopal Church— 
who will be meeting over much of the 
same period as the Convention— will 
gather at 5:30 p.m. in the theater 
auditorium for a Service of Preparation 
and Intercession. The Rt. Rev. John M. 
Allin, Presiding Bishop of the three 
million-member Church, will be the 
preacher. 

A highlight of the Convention for the 
representatives of the Church's 113 
jurisdictions will be a sermon by the 
Most Rev. Edward W. Scott, Primate 
of the Anglican Church of Canada, 
and Moderator of the Central Com- 
mittee of the World Council of 
Churches, at the Convention Eucharist 
at 11 o'clock on Sunday, September 
16. A part of that service will be the 
presentation of the United Thank 
Offering— expected to be over 
$1,000,000— which represents the 
women's gifts for furtherance of the 
work of the Church in many areas. 

Unlike the 1976 General Convention 
in Minneapolis when ordination of 
women to the priesthood and the 
(see General Convention, page 6) 



newsbriefs 



state & local 



national 



calendar 




Rocky Mount church to build 
parish hall 

ROCKY MOUNT-The people of 
Christ Church broke ground in early 
July to signal the start of construction 
of the new parish hall. To be completed 
in November, the hall will seat 250 
people, and provide for the future 
growth of the church congregation. 
Participating in the groundbreaking 
ceremonies are (left to right) Fred 
Tumage, Mayor of Rocky Mount; Pat 
Kelly, senior warden; Mary S. Purvis, 
junior warden; and the Rev. George 
Markis House, Vicar. 



Annual Education Conference 
off to a good start 

RALEIGH— A new diocesan tradition 
got off to a strong start this summer 
when eighty people gathered at St. 
Mary's College here for the first annual 
Diocesan Christian Education Con- 
ference, held July 29- August 1. 

Coordinated by the Rev. Bill Coolidge 
and the Rev. Frank Dunn, the con- 
ference featured special workshops and 
evening discussions. Principle speaker 
for the event was the Rev. Bill Dols, 
who gave three presentations on the 
nature of Biblical narrative. Dols is the 
Rector of Emmanuel-on-the-Hill in 
Alexandria, Virginia. 

The opening of the new diocesan 
resource center— Education and 
Liturgy Resources — was also 
announced at the conference. Co- 
sponsored by the Education and 
Training Committee and St. Stephen's 
Church, Oxford, the non-profit center 
will provide special displays for all 
major diocesan and congregational 
events, as well as periodic book reviews 
and topical recommendations for 
church and professional growth. 

People may purchase books and 
supplies at the Center's bookstore in St. 
Stephen's parish house daily between 
the hours of 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. or by 
mail by writing in care of Box 194, 
Oxford, N. C. 27565. 



321 People CAN keep a 
secret 

DURHAM— A beautiful handmade 
quilt which was planned, designed, and 
made by the members of St. Luke's in 
Durham was recently presented as a 
surprise gift to Bob and Connie 
Johnson. The occasion was the fourth 
anniversary of Bob's becoming Rector 
of St. Luke's. 

Members of the church who 
masterminded the making of the quilt 
consider its being completed in secret a 
noteworthy feat. 

Each family in the church was given a 
square of cloth on which to embroider 
signatures of family members or some 
other designs or symbols to suggest 
that family. When these were all 
completed, an old-fashioned quilting 
frame was set up in the family room of 
a member and for weeks quilters came 
and worked as they were able 

The making of this potential heirloom 
was a rue labor of love which was 
given with great joy and received by 
Bob and Connie with delight and 
appreciation. 



Verna Dozier to lead ECW 
Fall Seminar 

DURHAM— Vema Dozier, a well- 
known speaker on Bible Study and lay 
ministry, will lead the Sixth Annual 
ECW Seminar which will be held at the 
Quail Roost Conference Center. The 
seminar, which is open to all women in 
the Church, will begin with lunch on 
Monday, October 22, and conclude 
with a Eucharist at noon on October 
24. Total cost of the conference is $70 
for residents and $48 for commuters. 

One of the Church's outstanding lay 
Bible teachers, Dozier holds a Master's 
degree from Howard University and an 
honorary Doctorate from Virginia 
Theological Seminary. A member of St. 
Mark's Church, Washington, D.C., she 
currently chairs the Commission on 
Ministry for that diocese. Dozier was 
one of the keynote speakers at the 
ECW Triennial Meeting in Minneapolis 
in 1976. 

According to Scott Evans, past- 
president of ECW and coordinator of 
the event, " I have had the privilege of 
hearing Ms. Dozier many times and I 
can say with confidence that those who 
come have a memorable experience 
awaiting them.' 

For further information contact Scott 
Evans at 3818 Regent Road, Durham, 
N.C. 27707. 



►o 



Seminar on world hunger 
planned for October 

BLACK MOUNTAIN-On October 
5-6, Bread for the World and the 
Asheville Committee for Hunger 
Awareness Weekend are sponsoring a 
two-day training seminar on hunger at 
Christmount Christian Assembly in 
Black Mountain. 

Bread for the World is a national 
Christian citizens' movement which 
seeks government policies that address 
the basic causes of hunger. Members 
contact elected leaders about specific 
issues that vitally affect hungry people. 

The seminar is open to anyone in- 
terested in doing something about 
hunger. The registration fee is $20 and 
covers food, lodging, and materials. 
Registration starts at 6:30 p.m. Friday 
evening and the seminar runs through 
7:00 p.m. Saturday evening. 
For more information, please contact: 

The Rev. Preston Wagner 

Emmanuel Lutheran Church 

51 Wilbum Place 

Asheville, N. C. 28806 

Human Interaction weekend 
planned 

BURLINGTON— A non-residential 
Human Interaction weekend will be 
offered Friday, September 28 (7-10 
p.m.), Saturday, September 29 (9 a.m.- 
9 p.m.), and Sunday, September 30 
(2:30-5:30 p.m.) in Burlington by Rod 
Reinecke and Ruth Wright. The 
Conference will feature unstructured 
group settings to increase self- 
awareness, listening skills, and 
knowledge about group interaction. The 
weekend is an acceptable prerequisite 
for five-day basic Interaction Con- 
ferences that are sponsored by the Mid- 
Atlantic Association for Training and 
Consulting, Inc. (MATC). For further 
information write P. O. Box 1551, 
Burlington, N. C. 27215 or call 919- 
227-4251 by September 21. Ap- 
plication forms will be sent on request. 




Call NEWSPHONE for 
General Convention news 

DENVER— Episcopalians can receive 
recorded news reports by telephone 
from the upcoming 66th General 
Convention of the Episcopal Church 
meeting in Denver September 9 through 
20. The service, called NEWSPHONE, 
will be in operation throughout the 
convention, and the recorded news 
summary will be updated daily at 8 
p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. 
Telephone: 303-623-0399. 



General Convention should 
oppose death penalty, Peace 
Fellowship says 

WASHINGTON, D.C.-After the 
first execution of a prisoner against his 
will in 12 years, the Episcopal Peace 
Fellowship is asking the Episcopal 
Church's General Convention to renew 
its opposition to the death penalty. 

Two earlier General Conventions 
have gone on record against capital 
punishment. The next General Con- 
vention will meet September 8 through 
20 in Denver. 

More than 500 men and women have 
been sentenced to death and are 
waiting for execution in death rows 
across the country. Thirty-five states 
now have death penalty statutes. 

John Spenkelink, electrocuted in 
Florida on May 25, fought his execution 
until all appeals were finally exhausted. 
His chaplain, the Rev. Thomas 
Feamster of Paris, Tenn., is an 
Episcopal priest and a member of EPF's 
executive committee. 

"EPF is committed to the abolition of 
the death penalty," said EPF National 
Coordinator Andrew Lang. 

Lang said EPFs Washington office is 
ready to help Episcopalians work 
against the death penalty. The address 
is: Episcopal Peace Fellowship, Hearst 
Hall, Wisconsin Avenue and Woodley 
Road N. W., Washington, D. C. 
20016 



people 



The Communicant has received notice 
of the following changes of cures: 

The Rev. Charles J. Cook: From Supply 
Priest, St. Paul's Church, Smithfield, to the 
Diocese of Missouri, Church of the Good 
Shepherd, St. Louis. 

The Rev. Frank G. Dunn: From Rector, 
St. Andrew's Church, Charlotte, to the 
Diocese of Connecticut. 

The Rev. James Laurence Hutton, III: 
From Deacon, the Diocese of Western 
North Carolina, to Assistant to the Rector, 
St. Michael's Church, Raleigh. 

The Rev. Harold W. Payne: From Non- 
parochial, the Diocese of North Carolina, 
to the Diocese of Nevada. 

The Rev. Alwln Reiners, Jr.: From 
Rector, Holy Comforter Church, Charlotte, 
to the Diocese of Missouri. 

The Rev. Bruce H. Shepherd, Jr.: From 
Episcopal Chaplain at Duke University to 
Retirement. 

The Rev. Kenneth R. Terry: From Non- 
parochial, the Diocese of North Carolina, 
to the Diocese of Nebraska. 

The Rev. Nicholson B. White: From 
Assistant to the Rector, Christ Church, 
Charlotte, to Rector, Emmanuel Church, 
Southern Pines. 



IH^H,',1:H:I^1 



M T W T 



9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 



19— Clericus:— Charlotte Clericus meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
23— Wllliamsboro: St. John's, William- 

sboro, open 2-6 p.m. 
25— Education and Training Com- 
mittee: Long range planning and new 

membership meeting at Holy Comforter, 

Burlington, 9:30-4:30 p.m. 
25— Standing Committee: Standing 

Committee meeting at 11 a.m. at Diocesan 

House in Raleigh. 
28— Thompson Home: Meeting of Board 

of Managers. 
28— National Institute for Lay 

Training: One-day meeting on Training 

for Ministry. 
30— Wllliamsboro: St. John's, William- 

sboro, open 2-6 p.m. 



OCTOBER 1979 



M T W T 



8 9 10 11 12 13 
14 15 16 17 18 19 20 
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 29 30 31 



1— Newspaper Deadline: Deadline for 

October issue of The Communicant. 
1— Worship and Liturgy Commission: 

Meeting at Christ Church, Albemarle, at 

10:30 a.m. 
2— Northwest Convocation: Northwest 

Convocation meeting at 10 a.m. 
3— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets 

at Christ Church at 12:30 p.m. 
3— ECW: Board meeting at Chapel of the 

Cross, Chapel Hill, 10 a.m. 
5— Penlck Home: Board of Directors 

meeting. 
7-Wllliamsboro: St. John's, Wllliam- 
sboro, open 2-6 p.m. 
7-ECW: ECW Church Periodical Sunday. 
9— ECW Northwest Convocation: 

Meeting of ECW Northwest Convocation 

at St. Mary's, High Point 
11— ECW Southwest Convocation: 

Meeting of ECW Southwest Convocation 
14 — St. John's Homecoming: St. 

John's, WiUiamsboro, Annual Service and 

Picnic at 11 a.m. 
15— Northwest Clericus: Northeast 

Convocation Clericus meeting at Good 

Shepherd, Rocky Mount, at 10:30 a.m. 
17— Charlotte Clericus: Charlotte 

Clericus meets at 12:30 p.m. 
17— ECW Northeast Convocation: 

ECW Northeast Convocation meeting at 

Grace Church, Weldon. 
19— St. Augustine's College: Board of 

Trustees Meeting. 
19— Retreat for the Deaf: Annual 

Retreat for the Deaf through 10-21 at 

Valle Crucis. 
19— Youth: Fall Youth Conference at 

Betsy-Jeff Penn Center. 
21— Wllliamsboro: St. John's, 

WiUiamsboro, open 2-6 p.m. 
22-ECW Fall Seminar: ECW Seminar 

at Quail Roost through 10-24. 
22— Clergy Conference: Diocesan 

Clergy Conference at Kanuga through 10- 

24. 
28— Wllliamsboro: St. John's, 

WiUiamsboro, open 2-6 p.m. 
29— Newspaper Deadline: Deadline for 

November issue of The Communicant 
30— Standing Committee: Standing 

Committee meeting at 11 a.m. 
31-ECW Central Convocation: ECW 

Central Convocation meeting at Holy 

Family at Chapel Hill 



Page2-The Communicant-August/September, 1979 



Nominees announced for Coadjutor 

Douglas Gray Burgoyne Albert Theodore Eastman Robert W. Estill Daniel Paul Matthews Martin Robert Tilson 




(from page 1) 
Lee, Rector, Chapel of the Cross, 
Chapel Hill, and Secretary of the 
Committee; J. Claude Mayo, Jr., Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount; Dr. Charles 
Orr, St. Titus, Durham; A. L. 
Purrington, III, Christ Church, Raleigh; 
Mrs. Mary Ann Rice, All Saints', 
Hamlet; Emmett Sebrell, Jr., Christ 
Church, Charlotte; the Rev. Downs 
Spitler, Rector, St. Timothy's, Wilson; 
the Rev. Roland Whitmire, Rector, 
Chuch of the Messiah, Rockingham. 

Ten members of the committee, five 
priests and five lay persons, were 
elected by the five convocations. Four 
were elected by the Diocesan Council 
from among its membership, two by 
the Standing Committee from among 
its membership, and two were ap- 
pointed by the Bishop. 

Only one of the five has served 
previously in the Diocese of North 
Carolina. The Rev. Martin Tilson was 
Rector of St. John's, Charlotte, from 
1956 to 1967. 



The Rev. Douglas Gray 
Burgoyne, 49, has been Rector of St. 
Andrew^ Church, Newport News, 
Virginia, since 1975. A native of New 
Jersey who was reared in New York 
City, Mr. Burgoyne is a graduate of 
Williams College and of the Episcopal 
Divinity School. He spent time bet- 
ween college and seminary as an 
insurance agent and as a U.S. Coast 
Guard officer on active duty. Ordained 
deacon in May of 1958 and priest six 
months later, Mr. Burgoyne was 
Rector of St. Matthew's Church, 
Ontario, Oregon, from 1958 to 1964. 
In 1964, he became Rector of St. 
John's Church, Williamston, 
Massachusetts, a parish ministering to 
both the town and Williams College, 
serving there until he moved to 
Newport News in 1975. He was a 
deputy to General Convention in 1970 
and 1973, Chairman of the Com- 
mission on Ministry of the Diocese of 
Western Massachusetts in 1973, and a 
Proctor Fellow at the Episcopal 
Divinity School in 1974. 

He is an Honorary Canon of the 
Cathedral of the Diocese of 
Tanganyika, a post to which he was 
elected after leading a group from his 
diocese to West Africa for a 
missionary visit. He visited the 
Diocesan Council, of the Diocese of 
North Carolina in 1976 as part of the 
national Church's Venture-in-Mission 
program. Mr. Burgoyne and his wife, 
the former Joanna Turner, have five 
children. 



The Rev. Albert Theodore 
Eastman, 52, has been Rector of St. 
Alban's Church, Washington, D.C., 
since 1973. A native of California, he 
is a graduate of Haverford College and 
of the Virginia Theological Seminary. 

He was ordained deacon in 1953, 
priest in 1954, and served as vicar of 
Trinity Church, Gonzales, California, 
from 1953-1956. From 1967-1969, 
"Ted" Eastman was Executive 
Secretary of the Overseas Missionary 
Society with his offices in Washington, 
D.C. The Overseas Missionary Society 
was an unofficial church group con- 
cerned with the Episcopal Church's 
overseas mission. He returned to the 
parish ministry as Rector of the 
Church of the Mediator, Allentown, 
Pennsylvania, in 1969 and served 
there until accepting his present call in 
1973. He has served as Chairman of 
the Executive Committee of the Board 
of Directors of the Presiding Bishop's 
Fund for World Relief; a trustee of the 
Virginia Theological Seminary; a 
member of the Standing Committee, 
Commission on Ministry, and 
Cathedral Chapter of the Diocese of 
Washington. He is Chairman of the 
Advisory Council of the College of 
Preachers and author of Chosen and 
Sent and Christian Responsibility in 
One World. Mrs. Eastman is the 
former- Sarah Virginia Tice and they 
have three children. 



The Rev. Robert W. Estill, 52, 

Rector of the Church of St. Michael 
and All Angels, Dallas Texas, was 
bom and reared in Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, served in the U.S. Navy, and 
graduated from the University of 
Kentucky and the Episcopal Divinity 
School. He was ordained deacon in 
1952 and priest in 1953. He holds a 
Masters in Sacred Theology from the 
University of the South and a Doc- 
torate in Ministry jointly awarded by 
Vanderbilt University and the 
University of the South. After first 
serving as Rector of ST. Mary's, 
Middlesboro, Kentucky, from 1952- 
1955, Dr. Estill was Rector of Christ 
Church, Lexington, Kentucky, from 
1955-1964, and then became Dean of 
Christ Church Cathedral, Louisville, 
Kentucky, in 1964. He served there 
until 1969 when he was called to be 
Rector of St. Alban's Church, 
Washington, D. C. After four years at 
St. Alban's, he served as Director of 
Continuing Education at the Virginia 
Theological Seminary from 1973 to 
1976, when he accepted the call to St. 
Michael and All Angels in Dallas. He is 



a member of the Standing Liturgical 
Commission of the Episcopal Church, 
a member of the General Board of 
Examining Chaplains, from 1960 to 
1966 Chairman of the Commission on 
Human Rights of the State of Ken- 
tucky, and a trustee of the Episcopal 
Radio-TV Foundation. 

Dr. Estill is married to the former 
Joyce Haynes and they have three 
children. 



Venture in Mission. He is married to 
the former Diane Sangster and they 
have three children. 



The Rev. Daniel Paul Mat- 
thews, 46, became Rector of St. 
John's Church, Knoxville, Tennessee, 
in 1972. He was bom in Chicago, 
moved with his family to Canton, 
N.C., when he was a child, and was 
reared in North Carolina. He graduated 
from Rollins College, studied business 
in graduate school at Dartmouth and 
theology at Vanderbilt University, 
where he became an Episcopalian. He 
was graduated from the Church 
Divinity School of the Pacific and was 
ordained deacon in 1959 and priest in 
1960. He served first as deacon, then 
priest-in-charge of Holy Comforter, 
Monteagle, and St. James, Midway, 
Tennessee, from 1959-1961; assistant 
at the Church of the Holy Communion, 
Memphis, Tennessee, from 1961- 
1965; Rector of St. David's Church, 
Nashville, Tennessee, from 1965 to 
1972, when he accepted the call to 
Knoxville. He has been Chairman of 
the Department of Christian Social 
Relations and of the Department of 
Programs in the Diocese of Tennessee, 
and a member of the Standing 
Committee of that diocese. He is a 
deputy to General Convention in 
Denver and diocesan Chairman of 



The Rev. Martin Robert 
Tilson, Rector of St. Luke's Church, 
Mountain Brook, Birmingham, 
Alabama, was bom in Georgia, 
graduated from Clemson, and received 
his Masters of Divinity from the 
University of the South. He was or- 
dained deacon in 1948, priest in 1949, 
and he was placed in charge of Christ 
Church, Lancaster, S. C, and St. 
Peter's, Great Falls, S. C. In 1951 he 
became Rector of Grace Church, 
Anderson, S. C, and served there until 
1956, when he was called to Charlotte 
as priest-in-charge, then Rector of St. 
John's Church. He served St. John's 
until accepting the call to St. Luke's, 
Mountain Brook, in 1967. In the 
Diocese of Upper South Carolina, he 
served as Director of Youth, as a 
diocesan trustee, and as a member of 
the Standing Committee. He served on 
the Diocesan Council in the Diocese of 
North Carolina. He has been a trustee 
of the Episcopal Radio-TV Foun- 
dation; Chairman of the Department of 
College Work, the Department of 
Promotion, the Department of 
Communication, and the Commission 
on Ministry of the Diocese of Alabama. 
He is Chairman of the national 
Church's Committee on Social and 
Specialized Ministries and was 
awarded an honorary doctorate by the 
University of the South in 1978. He 
has been a deputy to General Con- 
vention in 1969, 1970, 1973. He and 
his wife, the former Carolyn Ballard, 
have four children. 



Convention asked to fast, 
Show concern for the poor 



NEW YORK— Presiding Bishop John 
M. Allin is inviting all Episcopalians to 
join the General Convention in "a day of 
prayer and fasting as an expression of 
our concern for the poor, hungry, and 
malnourished of this world." 

In his mid-July letter to all parishes, 
Bishop Allin said: "I am inviting every 
member of our Church to participate in 
this special observance,, commencing 
after dinner Thursday, September 13. It 
is my hope that all Episcopalians— in 
their homes, at their places of em- 
ployment and in their churches— will 
take part through personal and cor- 
porate prayer and special acts of 
discipline and self-denial. I feel that this 



24-hour observance is particularly Hiring 
for September 14, Holy Cross Day. The 
Prayer Book offers appropriate prayers 
and Scripture selections." 

At the Convention itself, the fast will 
be broken with dinner on the night of the 
14th and will lead into a benefit later in 
the evening by balladeer John Denver. 
The Denver benefit concludes a week of 
special events and observances for 
hunger and relief programs that will 
begin Monday, September 10, with a 
preview of "Yes, A Difference," a new 
film about the Presiding Bishop's Fund 
for World Relief. The benefit is to aid the 
Fund and is sponsored by the Church's 
National Hunger Committee. 



The Communicant-August/September, 1979-Page 3 




editorial 



"They love one another. They never fail to help widows; they save 
orphans from those who would hurt them. 

If they have something, they give freely to the man who has nothing; if 
they see a stranger, they take him home, and are happy, as though he 
were a real brother. They don't consider themselves brothers in the 
usual sense, but brothers instead through the Spirit, in God." 

That's how a man named Aristides described the Christians living 
in second century Athens in a letter to the Emperor Hadrian. It 
makes you wonder what kind of letter he would write if he were to 
suddenly show up in Denver this month with the more than 25,000 
Episcopalians who are expected to gather there for General Con- 
vention. It is possible that he might be scandalized by the sight of so 
many Christians with nothing better to do than to argue over what 
words to pray with. 

It is some comfort to think that if ol' Aristides managed to hop a 
Greyhound down to the Old North State, he might find a few things 
worthy of a letter to the Emperor Jimmy. 

The faithful at St. Peter's, Charlotte, for example, "are giving freely 
to those who have nothing" through their soup kitchen which has 
been operating since mid-August. And word has it that the folks at 
St. Phillip's, Durham plan to follow suit with a soup kitchen of their 



sharing silently 



own later this month. 

Meanwhile, churches in Louisburg, Raleigh, Durham and 
Sedgefield have "seen some strangers and taken them home." St. 
Paul's, St. Mark's, St. Luke's and All Saints have each assumed 
responsibility for the settlement in their respective communities of a 
family of Southeast Asian refugees. 

So if he picked his stops carefully enough, our wandering Greek 
friend might find enough to fill up a short letter, or at least a long 
note. And that is some comfort. But not much. Because the real 
question that none of us can get away from for very long is simply 
this: What would ol' Aristides have to write about if he showed up 
at our church at the eleven o'clock service some morning? Which is 
simply another way of asking "What would he have to write about if 
all he had to write about was us?" Now I don't know about you, but 
that is one question that leaves me feeling pretty un- 
comfortable. CWB 



By the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

The universal language of Sign could 
save you a lot of trouble on your next 
trip to a foreign country. Use basic 
sign language when lost in Italy, for 
example, and any deaf Italian is sure 
to understand you. 

A true story illustrates the point. A 
few years ago the Rev. Silas Hirte, 
Missioner to the Deaf in the Diocese of 
Central New York, was traveling 
through Europe with a tour group. 
While in Rome, the group became 
confused and could not find their way 
back to the hotel. 

Since no one in the group spoke 
fluent Italian, they were having dif- 
ficulty understanding directions given 
by the local police. Finally Silas, who 
is deaf himself, spied two local men 
using gestures even more than most 
Italians, and he soon discovered that 
they were also deaf and could un- 
derstand each other quite easily. 

Silas quickly got directions to their 
hotel and the group, properly 
astounded by all this, found their way 
back in a matter of minutes. 

Italy is not the only country in 
Europe with an organized program for 
the deaf. 

In France, from which American 
Sign Language originally came, the 
French Athletic Association of the 
Deaf (FAAD) just celebrated its 50th 
anniversary. In Norway, a national 
organization for interpreters has just 
been formed and is called "Norsk 



Dovetolkforening." 

And last year, the Swedish 
Association of the Deaf announced 
that every deaf person, five (Swedish 
fern) years and older, will be entitled to 
his/her own teletypewriter! 

This announcement appeared in the 
official newspaper of the association 
SDR-Kontakt. One of its readers wrote 
a letter, wondering whether fern (five) 
was a printing error and whether the 
correct word would be femton (fifteen). 
The editor replied that the government 
agency and the Association of the 
Deaf agreed that any deaf person five 
years and older was entitled to the 
same language development tools as 
any hearing person. That includes the 
typewriter and the telephone, 
therefore...! Only in Sweden! 

Here in the USA, where com- 
munication between different regions is 
often difficult, a "Yankee" has no 
trouble talking to a deaf person bom 
and raised in the South. The ex- 
ception, of course, is when "certain" 
deaf people sign and fingerspell 
something they know will be "foreign" 
to that "northerner"— just to tease me a 
little, of course! That human 
characteristic is universal, too, I've 
discovered. 

Sharing Silently appears regularly in 
The Communicant as an aid to 
communication between deaf and 
hearing communicants in the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina. 



The COMMUNICANT 



Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025, Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Charlene LeGrand 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August /September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



letters 




Editorial praised . . . 

Dear Editor: 

Congratulations on a very humorous 
and courageous editorial; I refer to 
your comments on the local synod's 
treatment of the issue of 
homosexuality. Bravo! 

We have lived together 29 years, my 
friend and I. We never wanted a 
ceremony, so this part of the Church's 
disdain never bothered us. We are 
both committed Christians and work 
hard for our church and learned early 
on that as long as the nature of our 
relationship was never made manifest, 
we could be part of the flock. 

I know the real test will be when one 
of us dies. The heterosexual widow or 
widower enjoys the support and 
strength of the Christian family; priest, 
choir, friends from within and outside 
of the parish— all join to help the 
survivor deal with his grief. Not so for 
us. The Church will not witness our 
union, so we cannot turn to her when 
that union is ended by the death of 
one of the partners. 

Thank you again for your brave 
words. 

Name withheld at author's request 

and criticized 

Dear Editor: 

As I think you know, I am in 
sympathy with the intent of your 
editorial, "Of Raspberries and 
Resolutions" in the June issue. In my 
experience, however, (which is not 
infallible!), sarcasm usually is effective 
only as a way of venting one's anger. 
Those who already agree with you 
may enjoy it; it will anger those who 
already disagree with you; and it will 
often alienate those who don't know 
whether they agree or disagree. 

While you do twice allow that it was 
a majority of the delegates who voted 
for the counter-resolution, the overall 
impression, even on second reading, is 
that of condemnation poured on the 
heads of all members of the Synod. 

To say that "most of the diocesan 
delegations had come to Synod with 
their positions already established" is 
an assumption that may or may not be 
correct; it is not, I think, a statement 
of fact. I personally believe it would be 
closer to the truth to say that "most of 
the delegates" had so come. 

Finally, in light of the substantial 
number of Synod delegates who are 
preparing to attend their first General 
Convention, I think that "the con- 
tinuing power of (the Province's) old 
boy network" was not a major factor in 
the Synod's action. But perhaps I think 
that because I'm an 'old boy'. 



Please don't misunderstand me: I 
completely agree that the action of the 
Synod was ill-advised, since we had 
not had time to read, much less reflect 
on, the report of the Spears Com- 
mission. I know that I, for one, need to 
do some hard praying before I go to 
Denver. 

Sincerely, 

The Rev. L. Bartine Sherman 

Charlotte, N. C. 

' Vote for ' 28 Book ' 

Dear Editor: 

Some eight months ago the writer 
accepted with pride the appointment 
as coordinator in the Diocese of North 
Carolina for The Society for the 
Preservation of The Book of Common 
Prayer. 

While we initially felt that there was 
very strong support (primarily among 
the laity) for retention of the BCP 
(1928) as an authorized alternative 
liturgy beyond 1979, little did we 
realize that we were seeing only "the 
tip of the iceberg", at least in our own 
diocese. 

We truly believe that 75% of the 
laity in this diocese support the 
foregoing position. It is truly sad that 
every communicant in every mission 
and parish throughout our diocese was 
not given the opportunity of expression 
on the Prayer Book issue. What a 
glorious chance we missed to strike a 
Christian blow for reconciliation! 

Though it was physically impossible 
for our small volunteer group of men 
and women to contact even a majority 
of the missions and parishes in the 
diocese, approximately 1,000 
signatures have been received to date 
on a petition in support of the 
Presiding Bishop's statement and 
position on the Prayer Book: 

"This church will benefit greatly 
with little or no risk in continuing 
indefinitely the availability for use of 
prayer book present' with prayer book 
proposed'— '28 and 79." 

—John M. Allin, Presiding Bishop 

...One wonders how many of our 
church leaders (bishops and other 
clergy, primarily) really want to know 
"the truth of numbers" on this vital 
issue. Perhaps we've talked too much 
and done too little in the area of * 
"shared decision making"... 

It is the prayerful hope of thousands 
that our delegates (both clergy and lay 
alike), as well as all others, will give 
their full support to our Presiding 
Bishop's nobly stated position on the 
Prayer Book issue at the forthcoming 
General Convention... 

Sincerely, 
Philip M. Russell 
Greensboro, N.C. 



Page4-The Communicant-August/September, 1979 




On keeping the death watch 

By the Rev. Tom Feamster 

WASHINGTON, D.C.-I am taking 
this time to reflect on some of the 
feelings I had before and during the 
execution of my friend, John 
Spenkelink. 

Upon returning home from a bike 
ride on Friday morning, May 18, I 
found a note on the telephone table 
from my 18-year-old daughter, Abby. 
The note said: "Susan Cary (one of 
John's attorneys) called. They're going 
to kill John. The governor signed a 
death warrant this morning." 

My legs became suddenly very weak. 
I went into the living room and sat 
down. Thoughts began to race through 
my mind. What should I do? In God's 
name, what should I do? I had thought 
about civil disobedience. I even had a 
plan. But the thought that prevailed 
was to get to John as soon as 
possible. I immediately went to the 
prison and started negotiating with the 
superintendent. 

The next seven days were the 
hardest days of my life. I was walking 
with a friend to his death. I had really 
believed the execution would never 
happen— so did John. Neither of us 
could accept that our government 
could commit this insane act, the 
premediatated murder of another 
human being. 

As the day of execution approached, 
my visits with John became more 
intense. He began smoking more and I 
began to feel that it might really 
happen. Then, the stay— the news 
came over television as John and I 
were talking at 12:45 a.m. Supreme 
Court Justice Thurgood Marshall had 
issued a temporary stay. John im- 
mediately asked for and received Holy 
Communion. I left the "hole" in R wing 
of the prison and went outside into the 
fresh morning air, feeling that we really 
had a chance. 

Laughter from the pew 



f\ rather inept clergyman who 
was aware of his many shortcomings 
was once elected Bishop of a diocese. 
He was paid a handsome stipend and 
provided with many comforts, in- 
cluding a new office. Aware that he 
had been chosen instead of a number 
of other brilliant and talented can- 
didates, he finally dared to ask one of 
the older and wiser delegates to the 
Electing Convention, "How did I 
happen to get elected here with so 
many other highly-qualified nominees?" 
The former delegate responded, "Well, 
you see, we didn't really want to have 
a Bishop at all, and you were as close 
as we could come." 

—Anonymous 

Dishop Penick used to tell this 
one on himself: Soon after he was 
consecrated Coadjutor, he traveled 
with Bishop Cheshire to a Con- 
firmation service in rural Rockingham 
County. There he preached eloquently, 
but somewhat above the heads of 
many of the congregation. Afterward 
Bishop Cheshire chided him, "Ed, our 
Lord said 'Feed my sheep', not *Feed 
my giraffes.' " 

—David V. Guthrie 
Durham, N.C. 

1 wo fellows were rivals in high 
school for academic and leadership 
honors. They chose to attend the 
same college, where their competition 
continued. After college, one became a 
naval officer and the other went on to 



You know the rest of the story. The 
Supreme Court denied all the stays 
and John's execution was rescheduled 
for 10:05 a.m. Friday, May 25. I was 
with John from 3:30 that morning until 
8:15. The last thing we did together 
was to share in the Body and Blood of 
our Lord Christ. 

John had asked me to witness the 
execution. He wanted to see my face 
as he sat in the chair. I could not 
refuse, though I died a thousand times 
before I got to the witness room. John 
was led into the room, separated by 
Venetian blinds from the witnesses. 
They strapped him into the chair, lifted 
the blinds, and he looked me in the 




seminary and the priesthood. Their 
paths would cross every several years 
and their conversations always con- 
tained barbs and put-downs. In due 
time, the officer made Admiral and the 
priest was elected Bishop. 



eye. Then a hood was placed over his 
head and John was crucified. I prayed 
that God would have mercy on our 
souls, on those of us who are part of a 
system that practices premediated 
murder. I had just lost a friend. 

I just heard today that a radio 
station in Florida is advertising T-shirts 
for sale with the slogan: "One down 
and 131 to go" (the number of death- 
row inmates left in Florida). They will 
give the proceeds to charity. Most 
Episcopalians in Florida are silent. I 
was told that I was too vocal on the 
death penalty and removed from the 
Criminal Justice Study Committee of 
my diocese. 

But not all Episcopalians are silent. 
The Episcopal Peace Fellowship is one 
community working against violence in 
all of its forms, including the death 
penalty. We want to help our brothers 
and sisters in the Episcopal Church 
see the evil inherent in capital 
punishment. We are asking the next 
General Convention to reaffirm its 
opposition to executions. Above all, 
we are asking you to work against the 
death penalty in your parishes and 
communities. Write your U. S. 
Senator, congressman, and state 
legislator. Write letters to your local 
newspaper. Raise the issue in your 
parish. 

The Episcopal Peace Fellowship is 
committed to the abolition of the death 
penalty. If you want to stop the system 
that killed John Spenkelink, please 
support our work. You are needed 
now. 

On May 25, John Spenkelink 
became the first person to be executed 
against his will in the U.S. in eleven 
years. Tom Feamster, a member of the 
National Executive Committee of the 
Episcopal Peace Fellowship, was a 
priest in the Diocese of Florida and 
served as John Spenkelink's chaplain 
at the time of his execution. 



One day the Bishop was changing 
planes when he spotted the Admiral in 
the terminal. The Bishop, who was 
wearing a cape, approached him from 
the side and asked, with a straight 
face, "Excuse me, porter, but does the 
flight to Miami leave from this gate?" 
Without hesitation, the Admiral 
snapped back, "No, madam, you want 
Gate 27." 

—Bob Williams 
Raleigh, N.C. 

Humor can be as revealing as it is 
enjoyable — an amusing form of 
enlightenment which, like any other 
human endeavor, can provide valuable 
clues to our inner hopes and dreams 
and our understanding of ourselves. 
The common wisdom which is the 
heritage of any community often finds 
expression in the jokes and stories 
which make up such a rich part of its 
oral tradition. 

In order that this wisdom might 
inform our continuing search for a 
Coadjutor, The Communicant asks 
its readers to send in their favorite 
'bishop jokes' and anecdotes, whether 
they be true or apocryphal, rooted in 
fact or in fiction. A selection of the 
best submissions will appear in each 
issue of the paper between now and 
the November election. 

Share the wisdom and the laughter; 
send submissions to: 

The Communicant, • P.O. Box 
17025 • Raleigh, N.C. 27619 




books 



Pastoral Counseling in 
Work Crises 

By the Rev. Henry Haskell Rightor. 
1979, Judson Press. $2.95. 

By the Rev. Claudius Miller 

After Adam and Eve handed the 
Seraphim the key and took leave of 
Eden, their next stop was the 
unemployment office. The Lord had 
made it clear that the price of apples 
included working for a living, for it was 
to be only in a mythical paradise that 
we were to find an utter absence of 
work. 

For us, work is not simply a 
response to the pangs of hunger. The 
greater portion of childhood and 
adolescence and an increasing slice of 
adult life is devoted to preparing for 
work; then we work; and upon 
retirement, try to cope with no longer 
being useful in the work force. 

In between times, we may know the 
agony of unemployment or the 
progressive deterioration that can come 
from being stalled in work that no 
longer fits. Work is truly the preoc- 
cupation of our lives. After the songs 
have been sung, the food eaten, the 
wine quaffed, and the love made, not 
too many Monday mornings can pass 
without work to be done before the 
soul grows stale and intimations of 
suicide begin to flicker into con- 
sciousness. 

Curiously, in spite of the 
predominance of work in our lives, we 
Christians don't normally think of 
ourselves as pastors in work crises. 
While we take for granted our 
responsibility to one another at birth, 
marriage, sickness, and death— those 
rather classical concerns of the 
pilgrimage— we rarely take active roles 
in helping each other when we're out 
of work or going crazy with the work 
we've got. 

Somehow, work is not within the 
Christian pastoral purview. Why? We 
know how to send flowers, or stop in 
a hospital room, or put one's arm 
around another at graveside, but what 
do you do when someone's out of 
work? 

Recently retired as professor of 
Pastoral Care at the Virginia 
Theological Seminary, Henry Rightor 
has written a book, Pastoral Coun- 
seling in Work Crises, now in its third 
printing by Judson Press. 

He asks us to reconsider our fears 
about our own and other people's work 
crises, as he contends that both clergy 
and laity should and can become 
pastors to one another when the 
harvest truly is plenteous and the 
laborers too few. He argues con- 
vincingly that the native intelligence 
and instinctive compassion whiich 
enable us to be so bold as to comfort 
one another at death can serve us 
equally well when a pall hangs over 
one's work life. 

Rightor is sure enough of himself to 
write without affectation— the style is 
clear, the language personal. And at 
$2.95, it's within the grasp of even 
those it seeks to help. 



Pete Miller was the first rector of Saint 
Mark's Church in Mecklenburg County 
(1954-57). He is presently on a 
sabbatical in Chapel Hill. 



The Communicant-August/September, 1979-Page 5 



Convention to vote on Church budget 



(from page 1) 

revision of the Church's Book of 
Common Prayer were top agenda 
issues, there does not appear to be any 
overriding issue in 1979. The Min- 
nesota Convention approved the 
ordination of women to the priesthood 
and episcopate and adopted a revised 
Proposed Book of Common Prayer 
which is expected to receive a required 
second approval this September, thus 
becoming the Standard Book of 
Common Prayer. 

A wide range of issues and problems 
will face the bishops and deputies, 
including human sexuality — and 
especially matters relating to 
homosexuality — ecumenism, evangel- 
ism, hunger and poverty, injustice, 
human rights, housing, education, lay 
ministry, community outreach, church 
music and The Hymnal, church 
structure, clergy deployment, the 
church in small communities, urban 
problems, world mission, and Venture 
in Mission. 

High among the proposals to be 
considered for approval is the General 
Church Program and Budget for the 
next triennium, 1980-82. As required 
by canon, it is the Executive Council 
which proposes the triennial program 
and budget to the Convention. The 
Council will recommend a detailed 
1980 budget which will be used as a 
guideline for 1981 and 1982 budgets. 

Three special evening gatherings are 
planned for the bishops, deputies, 
ECW delegates, and others in at- 
tendance. The first will take place 
Monday evening, September 10, when 
a premiere of a new promotional film 
will be hosted by the board of the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World 
Relief. 

A Colorado Celebration is planned 
for Thursday, September 13, at 8:30 
p.m., with Ann B. Davis, the actress, 
coordinating the program. 

The third special evening is Friday, 
September 14, when popular recording 
artist John Denver, will give a benefit 
concert as part of Bishop Allin's 
request to the whole Church to join in a 
24-hour "praise, prayer and fast" in 
remembrance of the hungry 
throughout the world. The 8:30 p.m. 
concert, which is sponsored by the 
Presiding Bishop's Advisory Com- 
mittee on Hunger, will conclude the 24- 
hour remembrance. Proceeds from the 
concert will benefit the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund for World Relief. 

The two houses will open each day's 
session with their own prayers, though 
daily Eucharists will start the day in the 
hotels and at other locations at 7 a.m. 
A joint devotional service will convene 
at 9 a.m. on the final day of the 
Convention, Thursday, September 20. 

Associated Parishes, an 
organization devoted to advancing the 
liturgical movement in the Episcopal 
Church, will sponsor late evening 
Eucharists at the Denver Hilton Hotel, 
under the direction of the Rt. Rev. 
Frederick W. Putnam, Jr., Bishop of 
the Navajo Area Mission. A Prayer 
Chapel will be located on the mez- 
zanine level of Currigan Exhibition 
Hall. 

Registration of bishops, deputies, 
alternates, press, guests, and visitors 
will begin at the Denver Convention 
Complex Wednesday, September 5 at 
9 a.m. 

The Program, Budget and Finance 
Committee of the Convention will hold 




Denvef s City nail, right, faces the State Capitol across the Civic Center, a three-block green mall. The 
bicameral General Convention will hold its triennial meeting at the Denver Convention Complex, Sept. 8- 
20. The Church has chosen to hold its 66th Convention — the highest legislative body in the 3-million- 
member Church— in a city that is seeking to preserve the best and most colorful of the old, blended with 
the sophistication of the 20th century. 



hearings, by invitation, September 5-8. 
The 41 -member Executive Council of 
the General Convention will meet 
Saturday, September 8, from 9 a.m. to 
noon. House of Deputies committee 
officers and new deputies will meet at 



various times on September 8. 

Some 500 delegates to the Triennial 
Meeting of the Women of the Church 
will gather during part of the time the 
Convention is in session. The opening 
session will be Saturday, September 8, 



at 3 p.m. The women — and there are 
some male delegates— will observe the 
90th birthday of the United Thank 
Offering at a special service on Sunday 
afternoon, September 9. 

The Triennial Meeting will close at 
noon on Tuesday, September 18, 
following an Eucharist celebrated by 
the Rt. Rev. Albert Van Duzer of New 
Jersey, the Rt. Rev. George D. Browne 
of Liberia, and the Rt. Rev. Hugo Luis 
Pina of Honduras. The Rt. Rev. 
Alexander D. Stewart of Western 
Massachusetts will preach at the final 
service for the women. 

Mrs. Daniel (Betty) Connelly of 
Newport Beach, California, is 
Presiding Officer of the women's 
meeting. 

Presiding Bishop Allin is President of 
the House of Bishops and Dr. Charles 
R. Lawrence of Pomona, N. Y., is 
President of the House of Deputies. 
Vice Presidents of the two houses are 
the Rt. Rev. George M. Murray of 
Central Gulf Coast and the Very Rev. 
David B. Collins of Atlanta. The Rev. 
James R. Gundrum is Executive 
Officer of the Convention. 

Some 20,000 bishops, deputies, 
women delegates, press, exhibitors, 
guests, and visitors are expected to 
attend part or all of the 13-day 
Convention. 



Convention legislation is a varied lot; 
Prayer Book and homosexuality top issues 



NEW YORK (DPS)-Issues of human 
sexuality, discrimination, racial justice, 
peace, world hunger, and poverty will 
compete with the Prayer Book for the 
attention of bishops and deputies when 
the Episcopal Church launches its 
General Convention this fall. 

The General Convention, the highest 
legislative authority of the Church, 
meets every three years to act on the 
work of the interim committees and 
commissions and on the memorials and 
resolutions presented to it by diocesan 
conventions, church groups, bishops, 
and deputies. By early August, the 
convention office had received nearly 
180 memorials and resolutions for 
consideration. 

Thirty-nine such petitions, by far the 
greatest number, concern the Church's 
Book of Common Prayer. Convention 
will be asked to give final legislative 
approval to the Proposed Book of 
Common Prayer as the Standard Book 
and successor to the 1928 version. A 
number of resolutions simply call for this 
action to be taken. 

Twenty-five, however, reflect a feeling 
among some church people that the 
Episcopal Church should depart from 
Anglican tradition and make canonical 
provision for the continued use of the 
1928 Book. In the past the continued 
use of all superceded books of common 
prayer has been a matter of ec- 
clesiastical discretion. 

One resolution seeks an absolute ban 
on use of the 1928 Book, and another 
seeks to amend the Proposed Book by 
shifting the location of the "Peace" in the 
eucharistic services. If successful, the 
latter would be a substantial enough 
change so that final passage of the Book 
at this convention could be jeopardized. 

All Prayer Book legislation has been 
sent to the House of Bishops for initial 
consideration and these memorials and 
resolutions will receive the attention of 




the House's legislative Committee on 
Prayer Book and Liturgy, chaired by the 
Right Rev. Oris Charles, Bishop of Utah. 

The issue of homosexuality and the 
Church has also been raised repeatedly 
over the past three years and is the 
subject of an official report and of at 
least 13 memorials and resolutions. Six 
of these seek a canonical prohibition 
against the ordination of homosexuals. 
Three attempt to set limits on appoved 
sexual expression while three ask that 
Convention refrain from legislating on 
the issues. 

All this material— along with the 
report of the Standing Commission on 
Human Affairs and Health— will be dealt 
with first by the House of Bishop's 
Ministry Committee chaired by the Right 
Rev. Robert P. Appleyard, Bishop of 
Pittsburgh. The Standing Commission is 
asking the Church not to enact 
legislation that would declare 
homosexualtiy per se a barrier to or- 
dination. 

Bishop Appleyard's committee will 
also be called upon to examine a 
number of other issues, including 



employment discrimination against 
ordained women, lay administration of 
consecrated communion elements, and 
whether or not a three-year course at an 
accredited seminary should be declared 
"the normative" route to ordained 
ministry. 

Other issues that the Convention will 
face include calls for examination of and 
reform of the Church Pension Fund, 
funding for the Triennial Meeting of the 
Women of the Episcopal Church and 
the administrative costs of the Presiding 
Bishop's Fund and restoration of funds 
for the Church's three black colleges. 

A furor raised last summr over actions 
of a program unit of the World Council 
of Churches seems to have subsided 
with only one resolution calling for 
withdrawal from the World Council. 

In social ministries, there are calls for 
legislation protecting family life, 
commissions for support of single 
people, development of hunger 
programs, support for the Equal Rights 
Amendment and the Abortion Rights 
coalition and the establishment of a 
Joint Standing Commission on Peace. 



Page 6-The Communicant-August/September, 1979 



Eden kids become missionaries for a day 



By the Rev. Warwick Aiken 

EDEN— Late last spring, 29 kids, 
young and old, from St. Luke's and St. 
Mary's, drove nearly 150 miles down to 
Waxhaw, N. C, just to polish an air- 
plane. 

The plane, a rebuilt DC-3 of World 
War II vintage, is the third to be put into 
missionary service by the Jungle 
Aviation and Radio Service (JAARS), 
which has its headquarters about six 
miles south of Waxhaw. In September it 
will join the more than four dozen planes 
already in service all over the world, 
after the remaining money needed to 
finish the project— $55,000— is raised 
and the polishing and other work 
completed. 

The old crate was called "Beulah" by 
the men who flew her during the war, 
and she and five others that had all been 
put out to pasture were bought by 
JAARS a few years ago for a song. The 
first two, totally rebuilt like Beulah, are 
flying today in South America, as 
Beulah will also; and two more await 
their turns as needs arise and money is 
available. The sixth is being used for 
parts. 

Meanwhile kids from as far away as 
Atlanta have been coming to Waxhaw 
to shine up one part or another of 
Beulah under the supervision of Rex 
Coger, an aviation mechanic who works 
full time with JAARS. 

JAARS is a transportation- 
communication group of Wycliffe Bible 
Translators, Inc., of Huntington Beach, 
California, which has hundreds of 
translation teams working all over the 
world with one chief goal in view: to 




translate some or all of the Bible into all 
the languages of the world that as yet 
have none of it. Their second goal is to 
plant churches everywhere they work. 

The world-ranging radio transmitters 
in Waxhaw contact every Wycliffe 
missionary each week on a regular 
schedule and are ready to handle their 
emergencies at any hour. JAARS' 
aviation shops and top-rated aircraft 
engineers can rebuild and repair any of 
the eight types of airplanes in the fleet, 
which includes helicopters and STOL 
(Short Take Off/Landing) planes that 
can drop onto a jungle airstrip only 600 
feet long and take off again with plenty 
of room to spare. 

The kids from St. Luke's and St. 
Mary's were assigned the under side of 
Beulah's right wing, where 306 square 
feet of dull aluminum awaited them. 
Coger demonstrated the three-step 
process, using rags and polishing 
compounds, and warned that they were 
in for some "real work." 

But the kids from Eden were ready 
and after a prayer of thanks for safety 



on the road, they fell to work with a will 
and had the wing finished in about two 
hours. 

After the rags and polish were all put 
away, they enjoyed soft drinks in the 
ready room of Townsend Hangar while 
Coger told them about missionary work 
among the natives of Colombia, South 
America, where Beulah will be carrying 
Wycliffe missionaries in a few months. 

Wycliffe gets its name from the Rev. 
John Wycliffe, a Church of England 
clergyman of the fourteenth century, 
who grew tired of reading the Bible 
lessons in Latin every Sunday, knowing 
that few, if any, of his congregation 
could understand Latin. He took the 
then radical step of translating the New 
Testament into the common language of 
his day for his people's benefit. 

Today some 3,800 Christians of 
many denominations work in the 
Wycliffe program, and more are 
becoming interested every day. They 
each come at their own expense, the 
full-time workers usually supported by 
churches and interested friends. It's the 



same with Beulah's overhaul: the 
remaining $55,000 will be coming from 
missionary-minded churches and in- 
dividuals in gifts large and small. 

People from every walk of life are 
devoting their skills to this effort. In 
addition to the 3,800 actual workers, 
some 20,000 more who cannot become 
missionaries have joined Wycliffe 
Associates (P. O. Box 2000, Orange, 
California, 92669), and their $15 annual 
dues bring them monthly news of 
Wycliffe activities, projects, needs, and 
things to pray about all over the world. 
Their united gifts and prayers make all 
kinds of good things possible. 

Some, like the kids who go to 
Waxhaw to polish an airplane, go much 
farther and clear jungle airstrips, dig 
wells, erect houses, buildings, and 
hangars, install wiring, plumbing, and 
telephone systems, or serve for a few 
weeks or months as secretaries, 
teachers, printers, painters, ac- 
countants, bookkeepers, radio 
repairmen, cooks, house mothers— 
anything and everything! 

Late word has it that Beulah is all 
polished up now, from nose to tail and 
from wing tip to wing tip. It will be a long 
time before the next DC-3 is ready for 
polishing, but groups of kids are now 
needed to work on clearing off a jungle- 
type airstrip in Waxhaw for use in the 
JAARS pilot-training. 

Want to lend a hand? Phone John 
King at 704-843-2185 and tell him so. 
Or write him at P. O. Box 248, 
Waxhaw, N. C. 28173. 

Warwick Aiken is the Rector of St. 
Luke's, Eden, and Priest-in-Charge of 
St. Mary's-by-the-Highway, Eden. 



Soup Kitchen opened at St Peter's 



CHARLOTTE— On a hot day in mid- 
July, some parishioners of St. Peter's 
Church prepared some sandwiches, 
soup, and coffee, and invited people to 
come for a free lunch. Two men took 
them up on their offer the first day, six 
came on the second, and by the end of 
the first week the number had climbed 
to twenty. By mid-August, they were 
serving lunch five days a week to forty- 
three men and women and St. Peter's 
Soup Kitchen was in full swing. 

An extension of the urban mission of 
St. Peter's, Charlotte, the Soup Kitchen 
got its start last winter, when six 
members of the • church traveled to 
Atlanta to witness the urban outreach of 
St. Luke's, an inner-city church. They 
were accompanied by the Rev. Lex 
Mathews, the Director of Christian 
Social Ministries for the Diocese. On 
their return to Charlotte, the group 
decided that it was high time that St. 
Peter's became involved in similar work 
in its own neighborhood. 

"I couldn't continue to come to St. 
Peter's and listen to the gospel while we 
turned the street drunk from our door," 
explains Julie Clarkson, one of the 
parishioners who made the Atlanta trip. 
Clarkson is a member of St. Peter's 
Vestry and Chairwoman of the Music 
and Worship Committee. And so the 
Soup Kitchen was bom. 

Now thirty volunteers see to it that 
lunch is served five days a week to all 
comers. The meal is given free of charge 
to all who ask— no strings attached, no 
questions asked. 

Because it is free, the majority of the 
people who line up in the church 
courtyard around noon each weekday 
are people in need — unemployed, disab 




led, broken in spirit. Their reactions to 
the Soup Kitchen are as varied as their 
conditions. Many express disbelief: "I 
can't believe this is free. If s a good lunch 
and I can't believe you're not asking for 
anything in return." 

Tm drunk, man— ain't no one ever 
invited me into their building before. Tm 
always getting kicked out." 

But whether they believe it or not, 
everyone is grateful. Some leave money 
in the donation basket; others offer to 
clean up the tables or pick up around the 
church garden as their way of saying 
"thanks". Even those who do not feel so 
energetic voice their appreciation: "Best 
vegetable soup I ever had." "Even peanut 
butter and jelly tastes good here." 

And the street people aren't the only 
ones being nourished by the Soup 
Kitchen. Working together on the 
project has brought the volunteers 
themselves closer together. As one 
project worker p ut it, "The breaking of 
bread on Sunday morning has added 
meaning for me now." 

According to the Rev. Luis Leon, 
Assistant to the Rector at St. Peter's, 
the Soup Kitchen has been a big hit with 
everyone involved. 

"The support from parishioners has 
really been incredible, even from the 
very beginning." About thirty people 
work directly on the project, four of 
them members of the Vestry, Leon 
noted. 

"As a frequent visitor to the parish hall 
while the Soup Kitchen is serving, I am 
struck by the hushed voices and polite 
silence which prevails during the meal. I 
asked one of the regulars about it a 
couple of weeks ago and he replied, 
"This is church for me." 



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The nOMMI JNTCANT 



Vol. 69, No. 8 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



October, 1979 



Search for Coadjutor in home stretch 
As the delegates meet the candidates 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

RALEIGH— The search for a 
Coadjutor entered the home stretch 
October 7 and 8, when communicants 
from throughout the diocese met the 
five nominees in Salisbury and Raleigh. 

Speaking before convention 
delegates at regional meetings at St. 
Luke's, Salisbury and Church of the 
Good Shepherd, Raleigh were the 
Revs. Douglas Burgoyne, Theodore 
Eastman, Robert Estill, Daniel Mat- 
thews, and Martin Tilson. 

The nominees were in the diocese at 
the invitation of the Nominating 
Committee. In the letter of invitation, 
the committee explained mat it had 
arranged the meetings so that "those 
who will elect the Bishop Coadjutor 
could come to know the nominees as 
comprehensively as possible in a short 
time." 

The meetings followed a panel 
format. Each candidate was in- 
terviewed by a team of four committee 
members before audiences comprised 
largely of lay and clerical delegates to 
the upcoming Special Convention at 
St. Paul's, Winston-Salem Nov. 2. 

The interviews themselves lasted 
about forty minutes, during which the 
candidates were asked a series of 
seven questions covering a broad 
range of subjects from "significant 
pastoral and administrative ex- 
_periences" to "liturgical and theological 
development." Six of the seven 
questions were the same in both 
Salisbury and Raleigh, and the can- 
didates had received copies of their 
basic outlines about three weeks 



before the meetings. 

Salisbury panelists also asked 
candidates how the General Con- 
vention's decision on Prayer Book 
could be applied in our Diocese, while 
committee members in Raleigh asked 
the nominees for their position on the 
future of the Diocese's small black 
congregations. 

None of the other candidates were 
present during the other interviews, 
and no questions were allowed from 
the floor. According to the Com- 
mittee's letter, the meetings had been 
carefully structured "to avoid situations 
where the candidates appear to be 
debating, competing, or forced to 
answer impossible questions out of 
context." 

At the conclusion of the formal 
interviews, the candidates were 
stationed for another 45 minutues in 
separate rooms in the parish halls of 
both churches, where the audience 
was invited to bring further con- 
versation and questions. 

Because meetings were held 
simultaneously in Raleigh and 
Salisbury, the candidates travelled in 
two groups. Tilson and Estill spoke in 
Raleigh on Sunday night, while 
Burgoyne, Matthews and Eastman 
attended the meeting in Salisbury. All 
five met with Bishop Fraser at the 
Diocesan House in Raleigh on Monday 
afternoon, before exchanging locations 
for second meetings that night. 

After meeting together Monday 
afternoon, the candidates agreed to 
decline the committee's invitation to 
attend the November convention. 



1980 budget tops $1 million 
Clergy minimum raised 6% 



RALEIGH— The Diocesan Budget 
may top $1 million for the first time in 
1980, as a result of action taken 
recently by the Diocesan Council. 
Acting on the recommendation of its 
Department of Finance, Council 
members voted unanimously to accept 
budgets for Episcopal Maintenance 
and Church Program totalling 
$1,033,025 for 1980. 

As a result of their work at the 
September meeting, the members of 
the Diocesan Council will submit 
budgets totalling $334,900 for 
Episcopal Maintenance (up 17V6% 
over last year) and $698,125 for 
Church Program (up 12V2%) for 
approval to the 165th Diocesan 
Convention when it meets this January 
in Charlotte. 

In related business, the Council also 
voted to raise the minimum salary for 
full-time clergy from $11,550 to 
$12,300. The increase of ap- 
proximately 6% becomes effective 
January 1, 1980. 

The morning session of the Council 
meeting was largely in the hands of the 
Department of Finance. Jacob H. 
Froelich, chairman of the Department 
of Finance, presented the Depart- 
ment's recommendations for the 1980 



budget. 

In the afternoon session, the Rev. S. 
F. James Abbott, chairman of the 
Camp and Conference Center 
Education Committee, reported that 
the committee had awarded a contract 
for the construction of a permanent 
road to the building site. 

The committee hopes to receive bids 
in early November for the construction 
of the main lodge and one or more of 
the smaller cottages, and hopes to 
bring a recommendation to the Council 
at its next meeting on November 13, 
according to Abbott. 

In a similar vein, Council membes 
heard the Rev. Nicholson B. White, 
chairman of the Venture in Mission 
Educational Committee, report on 
recent progress with the Venture in 
Mission portion of the diocese's $2 
Million Campaign. 

White noted that 51 people from the 
Diocese have travelled to Haiti with 
medical teams, taking with them over 
$20,000 worth of donated medical 
equipment and supplies. 

After receiving a report on the work 
of the Bishop Coadjutor Nominating 
Committee from its chairman, the Rev. 
William P. Price, the Council ad- 
journed at 2:45 p.m. 




The Rt. Rev. Luc Gamier, Bishop of Haiti, greets Bishop Fraser during the first medical mission to 
last March. A photo essay on this past summer's workcamp in Haiti begins on page 6 of this issue. 

Denver okays the new Prayer Book 
Provides for some use of '28 texts 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

"Much quieter and less volatile" is the 
way the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser 
describes the 66th General Con- 
vention held Sept. 8-20 in Denver, 
Colorado. Compared to recent 
conventions in Houston and South 
Bend, Denver was "definitely more 
conservative," the Bishop said in an 
interview conducted in his office in 
early October. 

Fraser cited four actions taken by 
General Convention as "particularly 
significant:" 

—Authorization of a new Book of 
Common Prayer with provision for 
continuing usage of "liturgical texts" 
from the 1928 Prayer Book "under the 
authority of the Bishop;" 

—recommendation that "it is not 
appropriate for the Church to ordain a 
practicing homosexual or any person 
who is engaged in heterosexual 
relations outside of marriage;" 

—the restoration of $300,000 for 
the three black Episcopal colleges (St. 
Augustine's, St. Paul's and Voorhees) 
after the budget had been cut by 
Executive Council; 

—the acceptance of documents on 
Eucharistic Doctrine and Ministry and 
Ordination as "a basis in growth 
toward unity with the Roman Catholic 
Church. 

Fraser noted his plans to discuss 
Prayer Book issue with clergy and laity 
over the next few months. 

"I seek a reasonable and rational 
transition from the 1928 Prayer Book 
to the 1979 Prayer Book," Fraser said, 
adding that he believes that is possible 
providing each parish takes seriously 
all of the guidelines which accompany 
the resolution authorizing the 1979 
Book. 

Fraser pointed out that the . 



resolution reaffirmed the responsibility 
of the Bishop as chief liturgical officer 
of the diocese, and said he would give 
his interpretation of the Guidelines at 
the upcoming Diocesan Convention 
this January in Charlotte. 

"I just don't see any reason to rush 
into this," Fraser explained, "now that 
Convention has made it clear that we 
have but one standard, authorized 
book." 

"It would be foolish for anyone to 
create a congregational problem until 
they have firm guidelines as interpreted 
and established by the diocese." 

In addition to the Diocesan 
delegation in the House of Deputies, 
the diocese was further represented at 
Denver by a strong delegation to the 
35th Triennial gathering of the 
Episcopal Churchwomen, which 
coincided with General Convention. 
The delegation included Mrs. Mary 
Harris, President of the Diocesan 
ECW, Mrs. Phyllis Barrett, Miss Mary 
Hawkins and Mrs. Margaret Mot- 
singer.diocesan United Thank Of- 
fering Treasurer. Mary Hawkins 
presented the United Thank Offering 
for 1979 of $40,555 at the UTO in- 
gathering at the main Convention 
eucharist. 

Also attending from North Carolina 
were Rose Flannagan and Scott 
Evans, both Past Presidents of the 
ECW and lay deputies to General 
Convention. Mrs. Evans was elected 
as the Province IV representative on 
the 1979-1982 Triennial Planning 
Committee. 

Charlotte Shaffer, Diocesan 
President of Altar Work and Service of 
Exchange, was named Secretary of the 
National Association of Altar Guilds, 
and installed in her new office by the 
Presiding Bishop at a service at St. 
John's Cathedral in Denver. 




editorial books 



With this issue, The Communicant resumes its normal publishing 
schedule. We're back in the saddle again, publishing once a month 
through June. From this end of a crowded calendar, that seems a 
long ways a way. 

In the weeks ahead we've got an acolyte festival, a two-day clergy 
conference, two conventions, the election of a Coadjutor, and the 
conclusion of our Diocesan Campaign to build a new Camp and 
Conference Center and fund our participation in Venture in Mission. 
And thaf s just between now and the end of January. 

This issue bears some of the signs of that busyness. Because it 
includes the final edition of The Daily as a special supplement on 
last month's General Convention in Denver, the October Com- 
municant has trimmed its own pages to eight this month. And 
nearly half of those pages has been taken up by North Carolina's 
continuing search for a Coadjutor, forcing us to omit all local news 
and most of our regular features. 

We will return to our regular format with the November issue. 
Meanwhile, we hope you'll find the special contents of the October 
Communicant helpful in informing your participation in the life of our 
church. 

The Communicant exists to encourage and inform that par- 
ticipation in all matters important to our common life of faith. It's 
going to be a busy year in the life of the Episcopal Church in the 
Diocese of North Carolina. We're glad to be back on the beat. CWB 



sharing silentlyi 




By the Rev. J. Barry Kramer 

Bet you never had anyone write a 
song for you! Neither had I, until 
recently! We were doing a special 
"Deaf Awareness Day" in Trinity 
Parish, Asheville, Diocese of Western 
North Carolina, and one of the 
members was so moved by the beauty 
of the service in sign language that she 
immediately went home and composed 
a tune to fit the occasion. 

It was a grand day, beginning with a 
short homily at the 8:00 service, the 
showing of our film "Daddy..." during 
Church School, and ending with a joint 
service for the hearing and deaf at 
10:30, followed by a reception. Joining 
us for the day was the Rev. John 
Rivers, who will become the Missioner 
for the Deaf in Western Carolina in 
January. So I left for a luncheon 
feeling that something had really been 
accomplished in our attempt to start a 
new ministry there. And then I met 
Rosemary. 

Rosemary Crow, a music director in 
the Asheville area, had been to the 
service that morning. She was 
aspecially moved by the hymns as the 
deaf congregation signed them, while 
the hearing people were singing them. 
Picking ur, on the two words "sign" 



and "sing," she went home following 
the service and wrote these words, 
trying to capture the deaf person's 
viewpoint: 

You are singing, We are signing, As 
we worship here with you. 

May your eyes hear as our hands 
share Our world of silence with you. 

As your voices join in singing, In this 
holy house of prayer, 

So our fingers join in dancing; The 
Word of God fills the air. 

So we come now, hands and voices, 
To proclaim God's holy name. 

With our hands and with our voices, 
We will never be the same. 

Rosemary presented and sang this 
for me later that same day. The words 
and the tune were moving testimony to 
the spirit of our time together. Indeed, 
as we sang in the final hymn that day, 
"God Himself is with us, Come, let us 
adore Him." 

Sharing Silently appears regularly in 
The Communicant as an aid to 
communication between deaf and 
hearing communicants in the Diocese 
of North Carolina. 



The COMMU NICANT 



Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 
Editor: Christopher Walters Bugbee 
Art Director: Dani Bayley 
Production Assistant: Polly Downward 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August /September), by the Epis 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



Homegrown Christian 
Education 

Edited by David W. Perry. Seabury 
Press, N.Y. 1979. 151 pages, *4.95 
paperback. 

By the Rev. Harrison T. Simons 

If Perry's book has a central theme it 
would be that Christian education is all 
encompassing, and takes in Scripture, 
community worship, enrichment, 
space, people and most especially, the 
sharing of one's own story of the 
pilgrimage of faith. To do that one 
must discover and experience the 
Biblical traditin of the telling of The 
Story so that it speaks to our lioves 
today. Such is the stuff of the strong 
first chapter and convincing final 
summation written by Joseph P. 
Russell. 

Each of the other nine contributors 
provide a chapter exemplifying one 
specific approach, actually developed 
and used in a local parish - everything 
from family worship services and 
thematic style curriculum to 
storytelling, experience centers, and 
intergenerational education. A couple 
of chapters help us realize a 
congregation can respond to its own 
needs by enlarginq its members vision - 



this is the process one black 
congregation took for a study dealing 
with faith awareness and development. 

Though a couple of chapters were a 
little too specific for me, the short 
chapter on use of environment and 
space was marvelous. 

Christian Education must never be 
limited to a classroom. It goes on 
constantly in our lives. If it begins as 
homegrown it can become a pilgrimage 
of faith and growth that is all en- 
compassing, not limited to one 
curriculum or style in discovering our 
one Lord Jesus Christ. Homegrown 
Christian Education helps one become 
more aware of this. 

Harrison Simons is the Rector of St. 
Stephen's, Oxford, and Priest-in- 
Charge of St. Cyprian's, Oxford. He is 
also the Director of Education and 
Liturgy Resources, the newly-founded 
diocesan resource center which 
operates a non-profit retail bookstore 
out of St. Stephen's Church. Copies of 
books reviewed in The Communicant 
may be ordered directly in person or 
by mail. Discounts are often available. 
People wishing more information 
should contact Harrison Simons 
directly. 




Persons already certified to the Secretary 
of the Diocese as alternate delegates to the 
Special Convention may serve in place of 
delegates, if necessary, without any further 
certification. 

Any congregation wishing to have a 
person serve as a delegate who has not 
been certified as either a delegate or an 
alternate, should contact the Secretary of 
the Diocese as soon as such a need appears 
to be necessary. 
The same holds true in the event of a 
change in the chairmanship of a parish's lay delegation, 
—the Rev. Carl Herman 
Secretary of the Diocese 



letters 




Dear Editor: 

WANTED: Former members of St. 
Francis, Greensboro. We are 
celebrating our 25th Anniversary on 
November 18th and we would like to 
have you with us for the 11:00 service 
and the reception afterwards. Bishop 
Fraser will be the Celebrant, and the 
Reverend Peter C. Robinson will 
preach. Let us know if you think you 
might be able to come so we can keep 
you informed about other events 
planned. And help us pass the word to 
those outside the Diocese who will not 
see this notice. 

Sincerely, 
Ruth S. Wilcox, Secretary 
St. Francis Episcopal Church, 
Greensboro 



Dear Editor: 

During the recent convention in 
Denver, I watched "The Holocaust" on 
T.V. It seemed incredible that the Jews 
of Europe went to their deaths without 
protest, not heeding the many obvious 



signs given them of their fate. Then it 
became apparent that they simply did 
not believe "it could happen to them." 

An obvious sign of the fate of the 
1928 Prayer Book was the printing, in 
hard cover at great expense, of the so- 
called "Proposed Prayer Book" and its 
distribution to all of our pews, years 
before the final vote on its acceptance. 

Our priests, bishops and their 
chosen deputies in Denver paid no 
heed to the Gallup Poll which indicated 
that the vast majority of laymen 
wished to return to the 1928 Prayer 
Book. They quickly found "the final 
solution" to our world-admired and 
beloved book, and left us with a 
travesty of no literary merit and small 
comfort. 

More seriously, statistics show that 
the Episcopal Church, U.S.A., has lost 
almost half a million members since 
changes in our policies and Prayer 
Book began to be made. 

Sincerely, 
Dolores C. James 
Burlington, N.C. 



Page 2-The Communicant-October, 1979 



' Toward Tommorrow ' — A Pastoral Letter 



The following pastoral letter was 
issued by the House of Bishops at the 
conclusion of the 66th General 
Convention. Because of space 
limitations, only the parts of the letter 
dealing with the resolutions on the 
Book of Common Prayer and the 
ordination of homosexuals are 
reprinted here. 

God has set our lives in a turbulent 
time. Every generation before us must 
have felt the same, since the human 
spirit seeks an elusive peace. But now 
with sudden speed the entire world has 
invaded our lives with large alarms. 
Wistfulness is tempting, but history 
has a single direction. In such a time 
as this, tomorrow will lift our hope 
primarily as we claim today a sturdy 
faith in the God of history. 

We, your bishops, join with our 
beloved in Christ to seek the bright 
rebirth of that belief. In our seeking we 
urge this truth: that triumph draws its 
raw material from travail. We know 
this from the mystery at the heart of 
God's action in the world he loves: 
Christ has died 
Christ has risen 

Christ will come again. 

In owning Christ as Lord we ap- 
propriate for ouselves his power to 
fashion a triumph from every season of 
suffering. Overshadowed by his love 
we share his overcoming. Thanks be 
to God who gives us the victory." (I 
Cor. 15:57) 

The 1979 Book of Common Prayer 
is basic equipment for the daily 
pilgrimage toward tomorrow. We 
possess a manual of worship forged of 
our readiness to take upon ourselves 
the pain of change. Now we claim its 
surprising joy. In the wise use of the 
new book since our last Convention 
we have found a unity in our life 
across the Church we hardly dared 
expect. Our vote here to make it the 

Laughter from the pew_ 



authorized Book of Common Prayer 
was nearly unanimous in both houses 
of General Convention. 

We recognize a need in many hearts 
to have available for special use 1928 
texts now superceded by the 1979 
book. This use is provided for. But as 
your bishops responsible for liturgical 
direction under the terms of the 
General Convention resolution, we set 
before ourselves and all our people 
these two truths: 

First, we worship God, not the 




Hene Cotter amothcr a^sja^e 
F?2om "n*e noose op B«h6ps / 



forms of our address to him. As 
members of the lively Anglican 
tradition which has repeatedly risked 
the serenity of the Church to revise the 
language of our liturgy, we are joining 
history in 1979, refusing the easier 
impulse to stand aside. 

Second, we cannot love what we do 
not know. Attachement to the 1928 
book derived from our regular use of it. 
Broad experience with the new book 
has proved its power to arouse the 



I he Bishop of Northwest Texas 
is not known for his alertness in the 
early hours of the day. Today, for the 
first time, he arrived at the House of 
Bishops with his identificatin badge. 
This created no small stir of approval. 
The Bishop, however, was heard to 
say, "You're lucky I remembered to put 
my pants on!" 

, —from Where If s At 
General Convention, Denver 



In the House of Bishops the other 
day, we overheard this interchange: 
Bishop Lyman Ogilby: "When the 
Pope comes to Philadelphia, how 
should I behave?" 

Bishop Paul Moore: "Better than 
usual." 

—from Issues 
General Convention, Denver 



Liberate 



ation theologian Jose 
Comblin, asked at an unofficial press 
conference in Puebla, Mexico, what is 
the Catholic Church's greatest 
problem, replied with a single word: 
"Antibiotics." Only after considerable 
pressure did he explain: They keep 
bishops alive years after they stop 
functioning." 

—Latin America Press 
Lima, Peru 



Henry St. George Tucker, Bishop 
of Virginia and Presiding Bishop, was 
never noted for his physical beauty, 
but his craggy features and simple life- 
style endeared him to most of his 
flock. One Sunday he was unable to 
make his usual visitation to a mountain 
mission near Charlottesville and sent 
the new Suffragan Bishop instead. 
After the service, one of the 
congregation shuffled his feet and 
asked, "Where's the Bishop?" "But I 
am the Bishop," came the reply. "No, 
not you. I mean the one that looks like 
us." Upon his death the Richmond 
Times Dispatch eulogized Bishop 
Tucker with an editorial titled The 
Bishop Who Looked Like Us." He 
could not have wished a higher tribute. 
— Dawid V. Guthrie 
Durham, N.C. 

In 1958, when I was serving the 
newly formed mission of St. Paul's in 
Cary, Bishop Penick came for a 
visitation. He looked dignified, as ever, 
but he had a twinkle in his eye after he 
looked over the bulletin containing the 
order of service. He said to me, 
"Young man, I question your theology!" 
It seems that in typing the bulletin, I 
had a typographical error on the final 
hymn, which I had listed as, "Sin, My 
Soul, His Wonderous Love." 

—The Rev. Roderick L. Reinecke 
Burlington, N.C 



love and appreciation of those who 
have used it with regularity. 

These two principles will inform our 
oversight of the transition that remains 
to be made in the Church from the 
1928 book to the 1979. In our firm- 
ness on principle, we pledge a 
balancing gentleness with persons. We 
exerienced a remarkable unity at 
Convention in reconciling divergent 
views. This prompts our expectation of 
an expanding unity across the Church 
in the months and years ahead. 

Worship is participation in life-giving 
mystery. It claims under signs of 
ordinary bread and wine the ex- 
traordinary love of God to forgive and 
indwell us-and then to send us into 
the world of pain and joy as healers 
and rejoicers. This is our calling. The 
awesomeness of the call is bearable 
only as we offer ourselves to God for 
our own continual healing and rebirth. 

We have been cheered at this 66th 
General Convention by the signs of 
renewal in our life together. Renewal 
girds us to turn and face a world of 
travail. 

Of grave difficulty for us here has 
been the facing of pain in the 
homosexual minority. Its members are 
among us throughout the Church as 
brothers and sisters in Christ. We are 
fellow pilgrims in the mercy of Christ. 
We ask of each other a mutuality of 
caring so that we may grow steadily 
beyond a we-they encounter, moving 
into a shared search for truth in love. 
The road is long. We are unac- 
customed to dealing openly with this 
part of the world's pain. We are 
resolved to walk the road in charity. 
We have come this far. 

First, we have re-affirmed for our- 
selves in the Episcopal Church the 
traditional Christian standards of 
marriage, fidelity, chastity and loving 
responsibility as binding on us all in 



our use of God's gift of sexuality. 

Second, we have said to one another 
in the Episcopal Church that 
homosexual persons have a claim on 
the Church's pastoral care. 

Third, we have said to one another 
that there should be no barrier to the 
ordination of qualified persons of either 
heterosexual or homosexual orientation 
whose behavior the Church considers 
wholesome. Every ordinand is ex- 
pected to lead a Ufe which is "a 
wholesome example to all people." 

Fourth, we have said that though we 
are painfully divided on this issue, 
most of the Church understands the 
Prayer Book ordinal to require a chaste 
life of a homosexual person whom it 
would ordain. Most of the Church 
cannot accept a homosexual liaison as 
an alternative life-style in the Christian 
and biblical tradition. 

Fifth, we have declined to legislate. 
Instead we have offered guidelines as 
to what the majority here believes is 
appropriate. We trust the pastoral 
competence of one another as bishops, 
and our standing committees, to focus 
care and discernment upon individuals 
and not upon categories. 

To address this issue by guidelines 
instead of by explicit regulation means 
to take upon ourselves a pain of mind 
and spirit, whatever our sexual 
orientation. But again we assert that 
triumph takes its raw material from 
travail. Our division may be healed in 
suffering shared. The triumph now 
may be the reduction of fear that 
earlier would have erupted in bitter 
anger and alienation. In the sexuality 
issue we, your bishops, ask of our- 
selves and of all our people a bearing 
toward one another that draws upon 
the mystic power of Christ to soften 
our spirits. Who among us does not 
know the insistent need of a lavish 
mercy? 




Humor can be as revealing as it is 
enjoyable — an amusing form of 
enlightenment which, like any other 
human endeavor, can provide valuable 
clues to our inner hopes and dreams 
and our understanding of ourselves. 
The common wisdom which is the 
heritage of any community often finds 
expression in the jokes and stories 
which make up such a rich part of its 
oral tradition. 

In order that this wisdom might 
inform our continuing search for a 



Coadjutor, The Communicant asks 

its readers to send in their favorite 
'bishop jokes' and anecdotes, whether 
they be true or apocryphal, rooted in 
fact or in fiction. A selection of the 
best submissions will appear in each 
issue of the paper between now and 
the November election. 

Share the wisdom and the laughter; 
send submissions to: 

The Communicant • P.O. Box 
17025 • Raleigh, N.C. 27619 



The Communicant-October, 1979-Page 3 



Young people bring Venture in Missior 



"The most important thing I learned 
in Haiti is that even though we are 
different, we are really in the same 
family. I feel they are my brothers and 
sisters. I was brought up to believe 
this. But to actually see and experience 
it really means a lot to me." 

So a young person from Christ 
Church, Charlotte, North Carolina, 
summed up the two weeks she spent 
in Montrouis, Haiti, last June. She and 
36 other adults and young people from 
Christ Church and St. Thomas' 
Church, Reidsville, N.C., spent that 
time immunizing 600 school children, 
reconstructing a sea wall, painting, 
digging compost holes, helping to staff 
an out-patient clinic, enduring heat, 
fatigue, mosquitos, unusual foods, and 
a lack of privacy, and learning what it 
means to let all of one's living witness 
to one's faith. 

Another member of the group said 
the experience "really made me realize 
the endless possibilities I have in my 
life." And another shared his discovery 
" that no matter how rich or how poor, 
all people are alike." 

In one day's time the group was 
whisked from North Carolina's good 
life to a cluster of simple buildings by 
the ocean, a place where the basic 
foods were rice and goat, where the 
heat was unrelentingly brutal, where 
the evidences of disease and 
malnutrition abounded, where things 
once taken for granted - like drinking 
water - became worked-for luxuries, 
where no telephones or televisions 
intruded, where simply getting from 



one end of a day to the other became 
an exercise in self-discipline, sharing, 
and hard work. 

Organized by the Venture in Mission 
Committee and led by the Rev. N. B. 
White, committee chairman, the group 
set out to show that North Americans 
have much to give and, more im- 
portantly, much to learn from the 
Church in Haiti. 

Some 40,000 Episcopalians, under 
the leadership of their bishop, the Rt. 
Rev. Luc Gamier, are demonstrating 
the Church's power as an agent of 
transformation and growth by bringing 
together, under the single heading of 
ministry, spiritual, economic, 
agricultural, medical and educational 
development. 

The North Carolinians lived for two 
weeks at a center in Montrouis run by 
the Rev. Carl Spitz, a priest who 
exemplifies the truth that the Church's 
business is to be involved in relating 
the Gospel to the whole of life. He 
showed the group what it means to 
have all of one's living revolve arcund 
the Church and its multi-faceted 
ministry. 

A physician, a nurse, two medical 
students, two priests and 31 other 
adults and young people lived, worked 
and played this way for two weeks. 
They represented the Diocese of North 
Carolina well. 

More importantly, they experienced 
in an unforgettable way the truth that 
the love of God and the Church's 
ministry have little to do with language, 
international boundaries, or precon- 
ceptions about life-styles and customs. 




Mark Nesbit, Christ Church, Charlotte, comforts a child as she waits to be immunized. 

photo by nick white 




** 



Two young Haitian girls at play after they recei 




University of North Carolina medical student, Margaret Huggens administering an injection 
to sick infant at the Porch Clinic. 



— Page 4-The Communicant-October, 1979 



36th Triennial ends on ambivalent note 



By Helen Ferguson 
Of the Daily Staff 

Filled with devotion and debate, inspira- 
tion and frustration. Some moments of 
high drama and others of despair, the 10 
days of Triennial came to an end. 

The 36th Triennial gathering of the 
women of the Episcopal Church was 
planned around the theme, "Walking in 
the Light." 

Tension between women who believe 
the church should speak out on social 
issues and those who came to Denver on a 
spiritual pilgrimage was evident 
throughout. 

Resolutions supporting the Religious 
Coalition for Abortion Rights and urging 
study of the Equal Rights Amendment 
were passed, but others dealing with such 
things as human sexuality and the plight of 
third-world women, were defeated or not 
allowed on the floor. 

This led to a minority report signed by 
more than 60 delegates who declared 
themselves saddened that the women of the 



church had failed to make a Christian 
witness. 

Further unhappiness emerged over the 
matter of women priests, some of whom 
distributed Eucharistic bread, but none of 
whom acted as celebrants. 

Three eucharists recognizing the moun- 
tain-top experiences of Transfiguration, 
Crucifixion and Ascension were high 
points. Presiding Officer Betty Connelly of 
Los Angeles asked Bishop Robert Rusack 
of that diocese to celebrate at the first. 
Speaker on that occasion was the well- 
known author, Madeleine L'Engle. 

The second eucharist fell on Holy Cross 
Day and the celebrant was the Rev. Con- 
nor Lynn, superior of the Order of Holy 
Cross. Speaker was the Rt. Rev. Festo 
Kivengere of Uganda, at a dramatic and 
colorful service filled with music and 
dance. 

Assisting Presiding Officer, Anna 
Margaret Feild asked her bishop, the Rt. 
Rev. Albert Van Duzer of New Jersey, to 
celebrate at the third eucharist. Con-cele- 



brants representing the church reaching 
out in the world were Bishop George 
Browne of Liberia and Bishop Luc Gamier 
of Haiti, substituting for Bishop Hugo Pina 
of Honduras who had been called home. 

Preacher was the Rt. Rev. Alexander D. 
Stewart of Western Massachusetts. The 
Presiding Bishop, John M. Allin, was pre- 
sent to give the blessing and add his 
benediction to the closing service of Trien- 
nial. 

Resource Day provided an opportunity 
for delegates to see each others' diocesan 
programs. Fifty workshops offered oppor- 
tunities to explore every aspect of devotion 
and service. Reflection groups allowed time 
for quiet sharing after such speakers as 
Bishop William C. Frey of Colorado, 
Bishop John B. Coburn of Massachusetts 
and Mary Louise Rowand, president of 
Church Women United. 

Approval of United Thank Offering 
grants is always the privilege of Triennial, 
and nearly $2 million was given to 
applicants from all parts of the U.S. and 



around the world. 

A high point in the General Convention 
Eucharist was when the UTO chairwomen 
crossed the stage, placing their offerings in 
the beaded bag provided by the Diocese of 
South Dakota. Many women felt this 
dramatic broad view of the church was an 
unforgettable part of Triennial. 

This year marks the 90th birthday of 
UTO, an event celebrated at Triennial by a 
pageant, birthday party and costume 
parade. 

The news that Triennial has been in- 
cluded in the Program and Budget of the 
National Church in the amount of $20,000 
was greeted with joy by delegates, who 
then voted to raise whatever else was need- 
ed for their next gathering by diocesan 



New members of a Program and Plan- 
ning Committee were elected. They will 
work with members-at-large, provincial re- 
presentative and staff persons to plan the 
Triennial meeting in 1982. 



THE DAILY 

Of the General Convention of The Episcopal Church — Thursday, September 20, 1979 





Many voices heard 
at 66th convention 



Groups seek spotlight; 
actions point to '82 

By Thomas L. Ehrich 
Of the Daily Staff 

The 66th General Convention made 
three major decisions: 

- It approved a new Book of Common 
Prayer, completing the broadest revision of 
the book in over 400 years. 

- It approved continued use of 
"liturgical texts" from the 1928 prayer 
book under certain "guidelines." 

- It recommended that practicing 
homosexuals as well as heterosexuals who 
are engaged in relations outside of marriage 
shouldn't be approved for ordination. 

The prayer book decisions were easily 
passed, though it took some doing to find 
acceptable wording for continuing 1928 



developing urban caucus, the evangelism- 
renewal group, the women's caucus and 
the hunger group drew large crowds to 
their workshops, speeches and concert. 
The black community won a key budget- 
ary victory; the Hispanic community won 
some attention. The Youth Presence was 
large and vocal. 

— Convention laid groundwork for what 
could be direction-changing actions in the 
next triennium. A standing commission 
will undertake a major study of human 
sexuality. The church was told to work 
toward equal employment opportunity in 
its own hiring. An Episcopal Peace Fellow- 
ship received funding. Ecumenical ties 
with the Roman Catholic Church received 
a strong boost. 

— The House of Bishops shifted 
perceptibly toward more conservative 
stance and leadership. 

— The House of Deputies had a hard 



Bishop Francisco Reus-Froylan of Puerto Rico receives congratulations 
from Bishop Robert B. Hall of Virginia after the House of Bishops 
concurred in granting autonomy to the church in Puerto Rico. 

Puerto Rico wins autonomy 



Convention summary report 



Debate centers on 
issue of timing 

By Isabel Baumgartner 
Special to the Daily 

"Chains must be broken so that ties may 
be strengthened. 

So spoke Bishop Francisco Reus-Froy- 
lan of Puerto Rico, Wednesday, in asking 
the House of Bishops to approve autonomy 
for his diocese. 

The bishops voted to concur with 
deputies in making Puerto Rico 
autonomous, but not until many former 
missionary bishops had debated the wis- 
dom of the proposal for more than an hour. 

Presiding Bishop John M. Allin is 
authorized to make the transfer of author- 
ity, once he receives notification that the 
covenant adopted by General Convention 
has won endorsement by the diocese and 
bv leaders of Province IX. 

Bishop David Reed of Kentucky, former 
Bishop of Colombia, said he regretted 
speaking against the proposal, but felt he 
must. He questioned the degree of politi- 
cal motivation for thre request, noting the 



"intensity" of the island's current political 
climate. 

Reed advised waiting at least until Puer- 
to Rico, Cuba, the Virgin Islands, and 
Costa Rica are ready to form an autono- 
mous province. 

"Making one diocese autonomous seems 
out of step" with Anglican Communion 
trends revealed during the 1978 Lambeth 
Conference, he said. 

Reed noted that the fourth meeting of 
the Anglican Consultative Council advised 
that no extra-provincial diocese be created 
without review in advance by that council. 

Bishop Willis Henton of Northwest Tex- 
as, who chairs the House's World Mission 
Committee, supported the autonomy 
proposal, saying it would benefit the de- 
velopment and morale of Puerto Rican 
Episcopalians. 

The covenant gives strength, and the 
financial aspects have been carefully con- 
sidered, he said. Henton also said that 
Bishop John Howe, secretary-general of 
the Anglican Consultative Council, and 
Dr. Sam Van Culin, staff executive for the 
Join Commission on World Mission, had 
been consulted and neither had raised ob- 
jections. 

Bishop Gerald McAllister of Oklahoma 
Continued on Page 8 



prayer book usage. Deputies and bishops 
clearly wanted to get the prayer book issue 
behind them. 

The sexuality resolution, which focused 
mostly on homosexuality, stirred much bit- 
terness and pain. "The teeth behind the 
smile came out," said one deputy. 

In between these issues, which more or 
less bracketed convention's schedule and 
emotions, four trends seemed evident: 

— Special-interest groups worked hard, 
and imaginatively to claim convention's 
attention and mostly succeeded. A 



time functioning. It fell well behind 
schedule, even with extra-long sessions. 
Parliamentary snarls were common. 
Deputies expressed frustration. 

A fifth trend, not a new one in' the Epis- 
copal Church, accelerated somewhat. That 
was the trend toward local option. 

— Prayer book usage now becomes a 
matter for local decision, though most 
leaders anticipate the church eventually 
will unite in using the 1979 book after a 
period of transition. 

Continued on Page 6 



* Special Insert * 



As a service to our 
readers, the final edition of 
The Daily, the 
newspaper published 
during the 66th General 
Convention in Denver, is 
included as an insert in the 
October issue of The 
Communicant. 




Summing up Denver 

Henceforth it will be known simply as "Denver." The name 
will be included whenever the roll is called of cities now 
synonomous with General Conventions past — Minneapolis, 
Louisville, Houston, South Bend — names which conjure up 
issues, emotions and memories of convention battles lost and won. 

Already, exhibitors have begun to pack up their wares. By this 
afternoon the last sound of the gavel will adjourn both houses, 
and the great halls will fall silent once more. Thousands of Epis- 
copalians will return home taking with them glimpses of the 
church at work. 

The Daily asked a number of bishops and deputies to share 
those glimpses by summing up their impressions of "Denver" — 
the 66th General Convention. Herewith their responses: 




Thursday, September 20. 19?9 
"My chief impression and indeed my chief 
hope is that there has arisen in this Convention a 
desire of many people of many diverse views to 
respond to the Holy Spirit and try to find a way 
of resolving differences in order to coordinate the 
strengths of the Church in Christ's mission. 

"I believe there is a mature awareness that we 
haven't provided a final solution to many 
questions. But more than in any convention I've 
been to since I've been a bishop, I feel in this 
convention a real move to go forward together 
and work together to resolve very complicated 
problems.'' 



"Although we have not arrived at any 

solutions in the final sense, I think it's fair to say 

that we have moved beyond the anger of the 60's 

and the decade that followed, so that the Church 

is finally ready to look beyond itself to the 

concerns of the larger world. 

"I'm saddened by the fact that there seemed to 

be a tendency here to want to legislate 

everything. My opposition to the resolution on 

the ordination of homosexuality was not 

opposition to the Church's traditional position on 

the behavior of people ordained in this Church as 

much as it was opposition to the idea that we can 

pass resolutions that give us the right to look into 

the souls of people in order to see that they 

behave. 

"I sometimes wish that we would heed the 

rt of Queen Elizabeth I who in settling the 

is of her own day, which gave birth to 

Anglicanism, said, "I do not wish to put windows 

in men's souls.' 

"I am alarmed by the fact that in our elections, 

black, Hispanic and other minorities were not 

able to get the position they both need to have 

and deserve to have in this Church. 




The Rt. Rev. John Walker 
Bishop of Washington 



The Rt. Rev. John M. Allin 
Presiding Bishop 



"I think there has been a real attempt toward 

reconciliation of people of very different 

viewpoints and convictions. I've witnessed a 

much greater sensitivity here in Denver. I've seen 

a lot of people talking and very little separation. 

"On the other hand I am apprehensive about 

what I view to be a movement toward 

sentimentality concerning the nature of the 

Church. 

"A deeper committment to Christ can often be 

confused with the search for easy answers. The 

need for that commitment is there and is an 

important one. I think the answers are there as 

well, though they are not always thereasiest ones 

to hang on to. 

The most positive development is the attempt 

we have witnessed to rejoin what should never 

have been separated — evangelism and social 

action." 




The Rev. Carol Anderson 
Deputy, New York 



Summary of General Convention actions* 



Constitution and Canons 

Amended all canons as to gender, i.e., man to 
person, layman to lay person, clergyman to member 
of the clergy. 

Amended Title V, Canon 2, Sec. 2 to specify that 
the masculine pronoun shall be deemed to include 
the feminine gender. 



Amended Title II, Canon 2 to conform to changes 
in the titles of one approved translation of the Bible. 
(The Good News Bible). 



Title I, Canon 14. Sec. 1 



dependencies. 



Amended Title I, Canon 18, Sec. 3 to clarify an 
ambiguity as to which Bishop is to receive the report 
of clergy solemnizing a marriage in another diocese 

Amended Title III, Canon 13, Sec. 1(a) to permit 
clergy ordained by non-foreign Bishops in 
Communion with this Church to officiate. 

Amended Title III. Canon 10 to conform its 
language (pre-ordination mental and physical 
examinations) to related canons. 



Deleted Title I. Canon 11, Sec. 3 and added Sec. 
10 to Title III, Canon 18 (providing for disability of a 
Bishop). 

Amended Title I, Canon 5, Sec. 1(4) to exclude 
assistant parish clergy, etc. from reporting services 
already included in parochial reports. 



id the Constitution so that "diocese" would 
apply to any jurisdiction entitled to representation in 
Convention Renumber as necessary. 

Amended Title III, Canon 9, Sec. 4(c) and Canon 
16. Sec. 7(a) so that "Missionary Diocese" would 

Amended Title V to read "General Provisions" 
instead of "Canonical Legislation." 

Amended Title III, Canon 12, Sec. 1(b) to correct 
citations referring to other canons. 

Amended Title I. Canon 4 by deleting Sec. 10. (a 



:>n). 



Amended Title 
1(c). Renumber 



d reading, amended Art. V. Sec. 1 of th 



I, Canon 13, Sec. 1 
and vestry members to t 



Church Pension Fund 

Requested the Church Pension Fund ti 
retirement options for the clergy. 

Petitioned the Church Pension Fund to 
pension computation factors to increa 
percentage factor to at least 1.35 per cent 
change the pension premium to 20 per cent 



->r Lay Employees 
the church employing lay 
n a National Pension Plan for 



Urged all units 
persons to participi 
Lay Employees whii 



Retired Employees 

I church institutions to 

or retired lay and clerical 



I Canon 7 Section 2. regarding 
election of Trustees of the Church Pension Fund, to 
delete the following: "or 
committee thereof. 



Requested the Church Pension Fund to present 
o restrict pensions to double the 
im and suggest ways of improved support for 



Urged i 
>vide m 



i Church institutions t 



srical 
employees. 

Urged all units of the Church employing lay 
persons to participate in a National Pension Plan for 
Lay Employees which will be launched by the Church 
Life Insurance Co. beginning Jan. 1 . 1 980. 

Ecumenical Relations 

Adopted a declaration on Unity, to wit. 



ill recognize itself at 



others members and ministries. All will share the 
bread and the cup ol the Lord. All will acknowledge 
each other as belonging to the Body of Christ at all 
places and at all times. All will proclaim the Gospel in 
world with one mind and purpose. All 






! Ol 






decide together in assemblies constituted by 
authorized representatives whenever and wherever 

We do not yet see the shepe of that collegiality. 
conciliarity. authority and primacy which need to be 
present and active in the diocese with its parishes as 
well as nationally, regionally, universally; but we 
recognize that some ecclesial structure will be 
necessary to bring about the expressions of our 
unity in the Body of Christ described above. 

We do not yet know how the particular traditions 

developed k 

particular histories and cultures within which she is 
called to fulfill her mission. 

All Christians are challenged to express more fully 
among themselves the Biblical call to mutual 
responsibility and interdependence We believe 

churches in the Body of Christ. As 
ome partners in mission they will 



e churches b 



i Doctrine and Ministry anc 
it of the faith of this Churct 
in growth towards unity with the Romar 



Catholic Church. 

Affirmed the Purpose or Mission ol the Church as 
a description of the mandate this Church has 

Requested the standing committee on Ecumenical 
Relations to sponsor a conference with Roman 
Catholic leaders. 



d intensified dialogue 



participation in national bodies, 
directed the Executive Committf 
Diocesan Officers to help effect in 



Instructed the Standing Comi 
Ecumenical Relations to ini! ' 
between the Episcopal Church and the Islamic 
community and commend and encourage present 
dialogues of the National and World Council of 
Churches with Islamic communities. 
Elections and Appointments 

Executive Council 

The Rt. Rev. A. Donald Davies, Dallas; The Rt. Rev. 
Walter C. Righter, Iowa; the Rev. Maurice M. Benitez, 
Texas; the Rev. Herbert A. Donovan, Jr., Newark; 
Pamela Chinnis, Washington; John L. Carson, 
Colorado; Robert F. Gaines. Northern California; 
Harry Griffith, Central Florida; Harry W Havemeyer, 
New York: Dixie Hutchinson, Dallas. 
House of Deputies 



General Convention 

Kenneth W. Miller, Long Island, treasurer; the Rev. 

James Gundrum, New York, secretary. 

Clergy Deployment Board 

The Rt. Rev. Matthew Bigliardi, Oregon; the Rt. 

Rev. Joseph T. Heistand, Arizona; the Rt. Rev. 

Claude C. Vache, Southern Virginia. 



I Elections, Resignations, Retirements 
e of Bishops gave consents to the 
of the following bishops elect: The Ven. 
William A. Beckham, diocesan, Upper South 
Carolina; the Rev. William G. Black, coadjutor. 
Southern Ohio; the Rev. Canon P.Y. Cheung, 
coadjutor. Missionary Diocese of Taiwan: the Rev. 
Roberto Martinez Re Resendiz, suffragan. 
Missionary Diocese of Central and South Mexico; 
the Rev. Brice Sidney Sanders, coadjutor. East 
Carolina; the Rev. William E. Swing, coadjutor, 
California: the Rev. Arthur W. Walmsley. coadjutor. 



William Hampton Brady, Fond du I 
Loughlin Duncan. Southeast Florida; Joseph Meakin 
Harte, Arizona; Chauncie Kilmer Myers, California: 
William Benjamin Spofford, Eastern Oregon. 

The Episcopalian, Inc. 

Recommended use of The Episcopalian to church 
agencies, dioceses, parishes and vestries through 
the diocesan combination plan, parish plan, small 
group plan, and related services. 

It also approved elections of the Rev. Canon 
George I. Chassey. Jr., Mr. Eugene A. Niednagel, 
and the Rev. Canon Donald R. Woodward as 
Members and Directors of The Episcopalian, Inc.. 
and appointed and confirmed present members and 



Evangelism 

Urged that evangelism, renewal and mission and 
aided congregation programs actively seek ways to 
collaborate 

Asked bishops to assign actual responsibility for 
evangelism/renewal to committees or units of each 
congreqation. 



evangelism and renewal units and those of missions 
and aided congregations. Asked that each 
congregation have an evangelism and renewal 



Supported urban mission and evangelism and 
urged church people to seek to understand the 
forces which cause deterioration of the cities and the 
complicity of institutions in contributing to their 
impoverishment; asked Episcopalians to devote 
themselves to creation of a just, human and 
sustainable urban society. 



Forward Movement 

Authorized the Presiding Bist 
supervision and to appoint staff. 



*As of Noon, Wednesday. 




"At this convention we've seen a pulling 
together of diverse elements into a forward 
thrust. What is particularly exciting for those of 
us working in evangelism and renewal is that 
people's response to our work here in Denver 
these past two weeks has really shown us that 
evangelism and renewal are very much a part of 
the life of the Episcopal Church right now, and 
that consciousness is definitely growing. 

"The lineup with the Urban Bishops' 
Coalition, now in its most tentative stages, is very 
exciting to us. We think it has enormous 
potential. After all, like the urban people, we 
begin with the local congregation — that's our 
focus. And I think that's what we might have to 
offer in the future, our ability to inspire, educate 
and enable the local congregation to move 
beyond itself in service to the world at large." 




I think we saw some very important steps 
taken at this convention in ecumenical relations, 
particularly with regard to the continuing 
Anglican-Roman Catholic dialogue. 

"We have also witnessed a recrudescence of 
interest in social issues, as evidenced by increase 
in concern not only about our own cities but 
about the Third World as well. 

The national Church has been severely 
punished in the 70s for its activities in the urban 
and civil rights crisis during the 60s, and, as a 
result people were, for a while, much less 
concerned about problems outside the Church. 
That seems to have changed somewhat, and the 
Church is now beginning to work very hard at 
helping our people make better judgments for 
themselves on the complicated issues of the day." 



The Rev. A. Wayne Schwab 
Executive Council Staff 
Officer - Evangelism 



"I really think that the Church is finally 

coming out of the closet on a host of different 

issues which we haven't been willing to face 

before. And it is all happening in that very good 

spirit which is supposed to be the hallmark of 

this fellowship. 

"We are learning that it is possible, even 

desirable, to disagree without creating an 

absolute adversary situation. I've seen people 

here in Denver that I've been at swordpoints with 

for 50 years, and we're still talking with each 

other and listening. Confrontation in charity is a 

great plus, and our Church is a lot farther along 

than many other institutions today in coping 

with the difficult problems which threaten to 

divide us all." 




Charles R. Lawrence 

Deputy, !\ew York, and 

President of the 

House of Deputies 



"I think it was a very fair convention, with 

some very painful and emotional issues which we 

simply had to deal with. On both prayer book 

and the ordination of homosexuals, there were 

those who would have preferred stronger 

statements in either direction, but we came down 

somewhere in between. 

"I felt strongly that the Church needed to 

speak clearly on the ordination of practicing 

homosexuals, and the Church did so, even 

though we recognized the pain that this must 

have caused persons in that category. In saying 

what I've said, I nevertheless would now have the 



Chu, 



other 




Human Affairs and Health 



Whereas, we are conscious ot the mystery of 
human sexuality and how deeply personal matters 
related to human sexuality are, making it most 
difficult to arrive at comprehensive and agreed-upon 
statements in these matters, and 

Whereas, we are aware that under the guidance ot 
the Holy Spirit the Church must continue to study 
these matters in relationship to Holy Scripture, 
Christian faith and tradition, and growing insights. 

Whereas, the 65th General Convention 
recognized "...that homosexual persons are children 
ot God who have a full and equal claim with all other 
persons upon the love, acceptance, and pastoral 
concern and care ot the Church... "; and 

Whereas, all the clergy and laity of the Church are 
expected to render compassionate and 
understanding pastoral care to one another and to 
all persons 

Therefore be it resolved, the House ot Deputies 
concurring, that the 66th General Convention 
receives with gratitude and appreciation the Report 
and Recommendations ot its Standing Commission 
on Human Affairs and Health with special reference 
to the requested study ot the matter ot ordination of 
homosexual persons, and 

Be it further resolved, that this General 
Convention recommend to bishops, pastors, 
vestries, commissions on ministry and standing 
committees, the following considerations as they 
continue to exercise their proper canonical functions 
in the selection and approval ot persons tor 



1. There are many human conditions, some of 
them in the area ot sexuality, which bear upon a 
person 's suitability tor ordination. 

2. Every ordinand is expected to lead a lite which 
is "a wholesome example to all people" (Book ot 
Common Prayer, pp. 517, 532, 544). There should be 
no barrier to the ordination ot qualified persons ot 
either heterosexual or homosexual orientation 
whose behavior the Church considers wholesome. 

3. We re-affirm the traditional teaching ol the 
Church on marriage, marital fidelity and sexual 
chastity as the standard of Christian sexual morality. 
Candidates tor ordination are expected to contorm 
to this standard. Therefore, we believe it is not 
appropriate tor this Church to ordain a practicing 

r any person who is engaged in 



teolm 



nage 



Items Defeated or Discharged 

The following is a partial list of items which 
General Convention defeated or from which it asked 
to be discharged from considering: 

Defeated a proposed amendment to the 
Constitution (second reading) to disenfranchise 
retired bishops. 

Asked to be discharged from a request that 
bishops not seek suffragans until the possibility of 
assistant bishops is clarified. 



Authorized The Book Ot Occasional Services. 



The Rt. Rev. Daniel Corrigan 
Retired 

Authorized a 12-point list of specific tasks tor the 
Standing Liturgical Commission including support 
of calendars and lectionaires. 



Designated April 4, the date of his death, for 
remembrance of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.; or 
his birthday, Jan. 15. might be observed. 



oint Commission on the Church in 
Metropolitan Areas during the coming triennium to 
devise an action strategy for consideration in 1982 
regarding the role of General Convention and 
Executive Ccuncil in implementation of a program of 
urban mission and evangelism in urban and other 
deprived areas with primary focus ont he local 
congreation. 

Ministry Development Council 

Agreed to expand Hispanic Ministry 

- -Approved in principle a form of regular support 
for theological education; asked the Board for 
Theological Education to consult with seminary 
deans to develop and bring to the next convention a 

to allocate an annual percentage of its noncapital 
income to such funding. 

Amended Title IV. Canon 9. Section 1. (on Bishops 
abandoning the communion of this Church) to 
include a section adding as an additional case of 
such abandonment a bishop "exercising episcopal 
acts in and for a religious body other than this 
Church." In such case, an Advisory Committee to the 

Committee of the Diocese, shall certify to such 



Commended the Lay Ministries Office and 
diocesan and church-affiliated training centers for 
their contribution to lay ministry training 

Received the report on the diaconate by the 
Council for the Development of Ministry and 
commissioned the Council to Implement the report's 
recommendations. Recommended that Executive 
Council designate funds for these purposes as they 
become available from Special Funds. Asked the 
Council to evaluate these new directions and report 
in 1985. 

National and International Affairs 

Refugees 
Commended and affirmed the work of the 
Presiding Bishop's Fund for World Relief and the 
congregations which have resettled some 2,300 
refugees to date this year in partnership with Church 
World Service; urged Episcopalians to continue to 
sponsor and assist refugees 

Hawaiian Native Claims Settlement 
Urged the U.S. Congress to establish a Hawaiian 
Native Claims Settlement Commission; asked that 
copies of this resolution be sent to members of 
Congress and that Episcopalians support such 
legislation. 

Ku Klux Klan 
Deplored the resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan and 
of Naziism in the United States. 

Commended the work and ministry of healing and 
reconciliation of the Christian Renewal Centre, 
Rostrevor. Co. Down, under direction of a priest of 



Capital Punishment 

Reaffirmed its opposition to capi 

and called on dioceses and members of the 

to work actively to abolish the death penalty 



Energy and Environment 
Continued Executive Council's Task Force on 
Energy and the Environment to promote responsible 
use of the world's limited resources; called on every 
church member to exercise a responsible lifestyle by 
conserving energy, altering eating and consumption 
habits, and planning family size in a responsible 






the s 



; ol 



md asked church agenciei 
and committees to exercise a responsible lifestyle ii 
planning meetings and conferences. 



alleviation of hunger and malnutrition, commended 
the national Hunger Committee and asked for 
development of further programs; urged dioceses 
which have not yet done so to establish hunger 
committees; encouraged all Episcopalians to 



Equal Rights Amendment 
Endorsed the Equal Rights 
urged 



War and Violence 

own the 1978 Lambeth Confere 

ir and Violence" and c< 



all Episcopalians. 






Authorized an offici 


Asserted its oppositic 
any form of compuls 
ational emergency is d 


a Conscription 
n to peacetime c 

sclared. 


?2K 


Encouraged plann 
Conventions to include v 
worship services 



Conscientious Objectors 

Encouraged young Episcopalian conscien' 
objectors to register with the Executive Council 
asked Council to maintain an ongoing progra 



implement the 1962 House of Bishops' Pastoral 
Letter on peace and war, and report at the next 
General Convention; funding of $24,000 approved 
for the triennium. 

Urged the National Hunger Committee and its 
staff to develop and communicate study and action 
programs to inform church members and take 

reforms at home and abroad as these affect world 



Altirr. 



re Actioi 



Supported affirmative action, especially 
admission programs for minorities in schools and 
colleges, asked all levels of the Church to begin 
public education in this area Directed the church at 
all levels to develop affirmative action programs, and 
challenge "reverse discrimination." 



independent Palestinian state which recognizes the 
state of Israel; urged a solution which would 
guarantee free and secure access to Jerusalem by 
all people; expressed love, concern and prayers for 
all persons in the Middle East 



The Rev. Maurice M. Benitez 

Deputy, Texas 

(To Page 6) 

Expressed its concern for Soviet Christian 
refugees presently residing in the United States 
Embassy in Moscow and asked the Church to use its 
good offices on behalf of them. 

Supported holding a White House Conference on 
Aging in 1981 and urged inclusion of a "spiritual 
well-being" theme." 



Encouraged in 
edevelopment at 



it of the church in efforts 
cities through economic 
Ih the larger community to 

i capital outflow from the cities; 
urged parishes and dioceses to support local 
economic development projects 



Reaffirr 



( Churc 



opposition to capital 
called on dioceses and church 
people to work for the abolition of the death penalty 

Declared opposition to any form peacetime 
conscription or compulsory national service in the 
absence of a Congressionally declared national 
emergency. 



Permitted the Joint Committee on Nomin, 
speak on behalf of its candidates if floor nom 

Planning and Arrangements, Committee 



Sites of Future Conventions 
Detroit. Mi., as the site of the 1988 Convention am 
Acapulco. Mexico, as the 1991 site. 

Simplification ot Housing and Feeding 

Directed Convention planners to continue effort 

to simplify housing and feeding at subsequen 

conventions and asked for suggestions on how ti 

accomplish this 



iers of subseuqent Conventions to 
isisting Hispanic-speaking deputies 



Prayer Book 

Resolved, the House ot Deputies concurring, that 
this 66th General Convention declares that the Book 
ot Common Prayer ot 1979. having been adopted in 
accordance with Article X ol the Constitution ol this 
Church, has thus become the otticial Liturgy of this 
Church; and 

This Convention declares turthern that the Book ol 
Common Prayer ol 1928 is a rich part ol the liturgical 



tritage o; 



is Churc 



d that lit 



1928 Prayer Book may be used in worship, under 
the authority ol the Bishop as chief pastor and 
liturgical officer, and subject to the directions ot this 
Convention, as set forth in the appended guidelines; 



lursday. September 20, 1979 







Thursday. September 20, 1979 




Summing up Denver 

(From Page 3) 

"The Church in good spirit has gone about a 

business of making decisions affecting the 

mission of the Church and its internal unity. 

"The spirit of general concern for one another 

and determination to serve the world in 

important ways seems to me to be the overriding 

tenor of the convention. 

"It has clearly been more conservative than 

other conventions, and in this way reflects the 

mood of the country at large. But, without 

fanfare, it has presented its program for the 

uture mission of the Church and it has done so, I 

believe, with a deeper sense of purpose and 

loyalty than we have seen in the recent 




sday. September ; 



The Rt. Rev. John Coburn 
Bishop of Massachusetts 




"This has been 



ich calmer con 
rds unity, though wt 
ar statements about 
I somewhat divided. On the 
been characterized by a very 
ve find ourselves moving awa 
: our recent past and into 



had 



The Rev. David Collins 

Deputy, Atlanta, and Vice President 

of the House of Deputies 

Summary Continued 

(From Page 3) 

This Convention declares farther that this action in 
no way sanctions the existence ol two authorized 
Books of Common Prayer or diminishes the 
authority ot the official Liturgy of this Church as 
established by this Convention. 



from the crises i 
committment. 

"Venture in Mission is a good example. At the 
last convention, most of the discussion about 
Venture in Mission was very negative, as people 
expressed great doubts about the Church's ability 
to raise the money. Now we've got committments 
for more money than we expected, and instead of 
doubt you hear hope from people who have 
begun to catch the vision." 



Guide 



ysFor 



Congregational Worship 
The Book ot Common Prayer ot 1979 provides the 
liturgical norm tor our congregations. The General 
Convention recommends the following guidelines: 

1. That there be continuing study of the 1979 
Prayer Book; 

2. That the congregation develop a Worship 
Committee to work with and advise the Rector or 

3. That individual worshippers be encouraged to 
participate actively in the liturgy; 

4. That the congregation make itself familiar with 
music composed tor the new book; 

In congregations where liturgical texts from the 
1928 book are in use after the 1979 General 
Convention, it recommends also that: 

5. The Calendar and Lectionaires ot the 1979 

6. Copies ol the 1979 Book be available tor 
congregational study and worship; 

7. Provision be made tor the regular and trequent 
use ol the 1979 Book. 

Program, Budget, and Finance 



General Church Program 

Convention adopted budgets for the General 
Church Program as follows: 

1980 -$15,823,935. 

1981 - 

1982- 

Of these amounts, the following sums are to be 
assigned to the dioceses in apportionments: 

1980 -$12,987,935 

1981 -$13,465,000 

1982 -$14,015,000 

Approved the "Manual ot Accounting Principles 
and Reporting Practices for Episcopal Dioceses. 
Parishes and Missions" and said it should be 
implemented by January 1. 1985. with technical staff 
assistance from the Finance Department of the 
Executive Council. 



Social and Personal Concerns 

Individual Responsibility tor Corporate Decisions 
Opposed governmental or commercial policies 
which put profit ahead of nutritional needs: decried 
sales techniques which mislead hungry people: 
stated that individual Christian responsibility 
includes being informed about how corporate 
decisions affect the lives of people in the U.S. and 
around the world. 

Engaged Encounter 
Recognized that Episcopal Engaged Encounter is 
a valuable and effective ministry to those 
contemplating marriage and encouraged dioceses 
to become familiar with this and other n 
pre-marital preparation. 



continuing development and implementation of 
study and dialogue concerning the church's views of 
responsible sexuality: asked dioceses to support 
' its resources in 
a mature Christian 



Education tor the Deaf 

Petitioned the federal government to develop 
more flexible systems of education for the deaf. 
Abortion 

Re-affirmed its unequivocal opposition to any 
legislation which would deny or abridge the right of 
individuals to reach informed decisions in the matter 
of abortion and to act upon them and asked the 
Executive Council to develop and implement plans 
to carry out the 1976 resolution which emphasized 
the great need for pastoral counseling and 
education: such plans to include distribution of the 
1976 resolution of Congress and the legislature of 

Asked the Episcopal Society for Ministry on Aging 
to initiate and implement programs to advance the 
well-being of older adults and to support social 
issues affecting their well-being: called on all 
members of the church to back these programs. 

Asked governmental units to consider the effect of 
legislation and policy on family life while 
encouraging programs to help church people under- 
stand and involve themselves in development of 
such policy. 



Racial Justice 

Directed the Executive Council to design and 

implement a program of racial justice throughout the 

church, its offices and programs, and encourage 

relevant action in 



Alcoholism 
Requested each diocese to fo 
alcoholism and to develop a written policy, including 
guidelines 



Non-Discrimination in Employment 

Commended the Clergy Deployment Office for its 
efforts to provide equal employment opportunities 
for all and directed the Executive Council to design 
and implement an affirmative action program for 
non-discriminatory employment within the Episcopal 
Church, for both clerical and lay employees, with 
implementation to begin by Jan. 1. 1981. 
Stewardship 

Established a 12-member Joint Commission on 
Stewardship and Development which was directed 
to present to the 67th General Convention a 
statement of policy on stewardship and a strategy to 
develop this policy. 

Gave high priority to an Executive Council 
statement which says stewardship is the main work 
of the Church. It points out that, "our vocation to be 
stewards is at the very heart of the biblical revelation 
which acknowledges God as the gracious giver of all 
things. Similarly, the vocation of the steward is to 
give away God's gifts..." 
Structure 

Amended Canon 1.1.13: to read Executive Officer 
instead of Executive Secretary. 



Amended Article I, Section 4 of the Constitution 
(second reading) to enfranchise communicants in 
good standing in a diocese but not domiciled in that 



"I think it's been a slow-moving and low-key 
convention in contrast to Minnesota, which took 
two major, controversial and explosive steps on 
prayer book and the ordination of women. 
"I think this convention has been very 
sensitive to the effect of those two issues on the 
Church at large, and has tried to reassure its 
members that it has not departed from its 
foundations. 
"But while it has not been a very exciting or 
stirring convention, a number of important steps 
for the future have been taken in affirming the 
new prayer book, in approving the Windsor- 
Canterbury statements for further discussion 
with Roman Catholics and for continued 
Eucharistic fellowship with Churches belonging 
to the Council on Church Unity. 
"I, for one, feel there is reason to have great 
hopes for the future." 





The Rev. Charles P. Price 
Deputy - Virginia 



"Two things stand out in my mind about this 
convention. 

"I see the vote for the proposals put forward 
by the Urban Bishops' Coalition as a positive 
though small opening for the Church in getting 
about its business. I am personally very 
disappointed that the Church felt it was 
necessary to legislate on the ordination of 
homosexuals at this convention. I would 
personally have preferred that they hadn't. 

"The most promising part of this convention 
for me was what we learned here. We had a large 
number of people attending from Southern Ohio, 
and as we watched the Church at work here on a 
national level, we really became aware of the kind 
of work we needed to do back home between now 
and the next convention. It turned out to be a 
consciousness-raising experience for all of us 
from Southern Ohio. 



The Rev. Doris Mote 
Deputy, Southern Ohio 

Amended Canon 1.1.2 to provide that all 
Commissions be Standing Commissions and that all 
Committees be either Standing or Legislative 
Committees. 



:e reference to Joint 



Amended Joint Rule VI to change the name of the 
Joint Committee on Nominations to Joint Standing 
Committee on Planning and Arrangements and gave 
the Presiding Bishop power to appoint Episcopal 
representatives to the Anglican Council of North 
America and the Caribbean. 

Amended Joint Rule VII to change name of Joint 
Committee on Nominations to Joint Standing 
Committee on Nominations. 



Theological Education 

Recorded EDA c 
indispensability of semina 



Canon 111.6.1 to provide for rotation of 
terms of members of the Board of Theological 
Education. 

Amended Canon 111.6.1 to provide for rotation of 
terms of members of the Board of Theological 



World Mission 



ir the autonomy of the 



Resolved that General Convention 

(1) reaffirm its acceptance ot the Constitution of 
the Anglican Consultative Council and more 
especially that section ot the Constitution dealing 
with "Functions", reminding our Church that the 
Anglican Consultative Council is an advisory, 
consultative, and not a legislative body, and 
therefore speaks to the member churches but not tor 
them; (2) instruct our elected representatives to the 
Anglican Consultative Council to keep lines ol 
communication open to the Executive Council and 
the House ot Bishops, and report formally to each 
meeting ot the General Convention ot this Church; 
(3) express our confidence in the present process of 
selecting the representatives to the Anglican 
Consultative Council, urging that at least the 
following criteria be given consideration in electing 
these representatives: 






knowledge ot and concern lor the 
world mission ol the Church; 

b. Representatives should have a participatory 
knowledge of and a work experience in the life of the 
Episcopal Church; 

c. Representatives should possess a close and 
effective relationship with the decision-making 
process ot the Episcopal Church. 



Dioceses seeking autonomy 
Amended Title I, Canon 10(e) to permit a diocese, 
seeking autonomy to unite with another Province or 
Regional Council of the Anglican Communion or to 
unite with no less than three other viable dioceses to 
establish a new Province or Regional Council having 
metropolitical authority. 



ed States might 
ner Province or 
h the Episcopal 



Affirmed the action of the Executive Committee of 
the Presiding Bishop's Fund in sending prayers and 
committing $1,250,000 to Uganda and called upon 
every congregation to participate in the appeal 



Many voices heard 



— After the homosexuality resolution, 
21 bishops and 136 deputies signed con- 
science statements saying they wouldn't be 
bound by convention's recommendations 
as they carry out their canonical roles in 
approving ordinands. 

— At the same time, however, the House 
of Bishops tabled two motions to establish 
conscience clauses related to the ordination 
of women. 

PRAYER BOOK 
Revision of the prayer book requires ap- 
proval by two consecutive conventions. 
The 1976 convention gave first approval, 
and that hotly contested vote probably will 
be remembered as the historic one, though 



n Page 1 

the new book will be known as "the 1979 

prayer book." 

Approval on second reading in Denver 
never was in question. The debate in both 
houses was mild and surprisingly brief. 
Bishops voted by voice, with only a scatter- 
ing of No votes. Deputies voted by orders, 
but the Yes vote was still overwhelming: 
Clergy Lay 

107 FOR 99 

1 AGAINST 2 

2 DIVIDED 6 
Most attention centered on the fate of 

the 1928 book. The Society for the Pres- 
)f the Book of Common Prayer 



" jrsday. September 26. 1979- ' 

I would say that this Convention as much as 

dny in my experience has taken us lovingly and 

hopefully toward tomorrow with a sense of 

obedience to the Lord of history, a care for our 

people and a strong recommittment to the 

tradition of discipleship and the wholesome life 

in Christ to which we are all bound. 

"We haven't resolved our continuing 

differences by stringent regulation, preferring in 

pastoral concern for persons as individuals to 

trust the competence of clergy and laity together 

to find our unity with God." 





The Rt. Rev. Bennett J. Sims 
Bishop of Atlanta 



"I feel very good about the action taken on the 
two subjects which were billed as major issues — 
prayer book and the ordination of homosexuals. I 
think Convention produced two good, clear 
statements and I am glad the two houses could 

"These moderate statements will, I think, 
commend themselves to the life of the Church 
and produce some measure of calmness which 
will, I hope, allow us to get on to other things. 

"To my mind the tone of this Convention has 
been reasonably good as well. I've noticed a real 
healthy spirit of collegiality in the House of 
Bishops; of course, we haven't agreed on 
everything, but our disagreement has been 
without enmity." 



My strongest impression is that the promise 

which the Presiding Bishop made when he was 

first elected — to seek reconciliation and unity in 

the Church — is almost miraculously perceived 

by many to have been fulfilled in many ways. 

"We've seen an integration of pietists and 

activists as evidenced by the emphasis in Denver 

on renewal, evangelism and spirituality on the 

one hand, and the needs of the cities, the Uganda 

relief program and Venture in Mission on the 

other. 

"I have a renewed sense of confidence that 

God is leading us into a new sense of truth as He 

promised, although the issues which have come 

up at this Convention have not been permanently 

resolved just because we have voted them." 



The Rt. Rev. George M. Murray 

Bishop of the Central Gulf Coast 

and Vice-President 

of the House of Bishops 





The Rt. Rev. John H. Burt 
Bishop of Ohio 



The Rt. P.ev. William H. Folwell 
Bishop of Central Florida 



"I think this convention has been more 
encouraging than I feared it would be, chiefly 
because of its readiness to consider seriously the 
life of the city and its attendant problems in our 
urban culture and because of its forward look in 
ecumenical affairs. 

I sensed a willingness of people to listen 
seriously to one another on the sharp issues that 
divide, including the issue of human sexuality 
with respect to ordination and the continuing use 
of the 1928 prayer book. 

At the same time, I don't believe that I sensed 
any rigorous expression of renewal and 
recommittment to mission here. 

There's a real note of caution, a preoccupation 
with survival and no clear sign of emerging 
leadership among the bishops and deputies. 
Nevertheless, I think it could provide a new 
atmosphere of trust out of which renewal could 
emerge." 



mounted an expensive, professional and, at 
times, caustic campaign for continued 
usage of the 1928 book. Central to their 
strategy was a Society-commissioned Gal- 
lup Poll, which reported that 63 per cent of 
Episcopal laity prefer the 1928 book. 

As it happened, convention from the 
start seemed sympathetic to approving 
continued 1928 usage, as a pastoral 
gesture. The question was how to do it. 

A joint committee formed after the 1976 
convention recommended a non-legalistic 
approach, which would simply assume 
some congregations wouldn't change to the 
new book right away. The Standing 
Liturgical Commission had recommended 
certain guidelines for this usage. 

Bishops' and deputies' committees 
worked jointly to find acceptable wording. 
They wanted to avoid any suggestions of 
two official prayer books existing side by 
side. They also wanted to spare parish 
priests the burden of having to decide. 

The final plan was to permit con- 
gregations to continue using "liturgical 
texts" from the 1928 book, which Bishop 
Otis Charles of Utah interpreted to mean 
anything except lectionaries. Such usage 
would be under the bishop's authority. 

Certain guidelines were recommended: 
The 1979 book is normative; the 1979 
book should be available, under study and 
in "regular and frequent" use in all con- 
gregations, along with music prepared to 
accompany it; the calendar and lectionaries 
of the 1979 book are to be used. 

Bishops passed the plan with little ado. 
But deputies engaged in a massive 
parliamentary snarl that took 3Vi hours to 
unravel. The key issue was how restrictive 
to make the recommendation that the 1979 
book should be used at least some in all 
congregations. 

More operative, however, seemed to be 
the house's difficulty in functioning. Even 
without the harrassment motions that 
attended the homosexuality debate, the 
prayer book debate Wandered torturously 
through misunderstood motions, confu- 
sion on rulings, and a multitude of votes 
simply to clear a path for the key votes. 

The result, in addition to mounting 
frustration, was a simple voice vote to con- 
cur with the bishops' plan. 

HOMOSEXUALITY 

Harsh words, lengthy debate, late-night 
caucusing, closed-door committee work, 
lobbying, prayer, theological argument, 
angry accusations — all centered on one 



"Therefore, we believe it isn't ap- 
propriate for this Church to ordain a prac- 
ticing homosexual, or any person who is 
engaged in heterosexual relations outside 



of marriage." 

The issue arose in 1976. That conven- 
tion called for a three-year study. A year 
later, the House of Bishops said that for the 
time being they would "agree to deny or- 
dination to an advocating and/or prac- 
ticing homosexual person." 

A standing commission headed by 
Bishop Robert Spears of Rochester 
recommended that the church not make 
homosexuality an absolute barrier to or- 
dination. 

The 1979 convention chose to ignore the 
Spears commission's recommendation. 
Instead, the sentiment in both houses was 
clearly in favor of a strict prohibition 
against ordaining homosexuals. The 
bishops' committee that devised the final 
resolution compromised some by making 
the prohibition a recommendation, not a 
rule. But Spears said the resolution would 
have "the force of legislation, if not the 
fact," and that it would feed fear of 
homosexuality in general. 

One central argument of those favoring 
the restriction was that the church at large 
wanted convention to make a clear state- 
ment of its stance on homosexuality. 

"There are 2.8 million Episcopalians out 
there awaiting action," said one deputy. 
"There are 65 million Anglicans out there 
awaiting action. It's time to act!" 

Another central argument was that 
homosexuality as such is wrong, and not 
consistent with the "wholesome" behavior 
expected of ordinands. 

Though the debate focused on homosex- 
uality, the bishops' committee added a 
restriction against heterosexual persons 
who are engaged in relations outside of 
marriage. This was apparently done to be 
consistent with the affirmation of 
"marriage, marital fidelity and sexual 
chastity as the standard of Christian sexual 
morality." 

Debate was lengthy in both houses, and 
in deputies it was often surly. One deputy 
felt the tone was almost vengeful. 

The vote in bishops was 99-34 in favor 

of the resolution. The deputies committee 

on ministry recommended deleting the key 

sentence, but it was restored by this vote: 

Clergy 

60 FOR 

39 AGAINST 27 

13 DIVIDED 3 

Deputies opposed to the bishops' resolu- 
tion had planned a careful strategy design- 
ed, if nothing else, to table the motion. The 
house stoutly, at times angrily resisted any 
moves to sidetrack the resolution. The final 
vote on the resolution (see Summary for 
complete text) was: 



Lay 



Clergy Lay 

70 FOR 77 

29 AGAINST 18 

11 DIVIDED 13 

Leaders of the Episcopal homosexual 
community said the resolution could un- 
dermine the church's ability to minister to 
homosexuals. Bishop John Krumm of 
Southern Ohio issued a conscience state- 
ment saying he wouldn't abide by the 
recommendation. He and 20 other bishops 
signed it. Some 136 deputies, led by the 
Rev. Jeffrey E. Sells of Eastern Oregon, 
associated themselves with the Krumm 

OTHER ISSUES 

Several special-interest groups made 
claims on convention's attention. Their 
legislative goals were modest, they sought, 
instead, either to win visibility or to set in 
motion actions and studies that would pay 
off for them in 1982. 

Most successful, it seemed, were the Ur- 
ban Bishops Coalition and the Church & 
Society Conference which are seeking to 
form an Episcopal Urban Caucus and to re- 
direct the church's energies and resources 
more toward urban mission, ministry and 

The developing urban caucus held a 
splashy open hearing early in convention, 
conducted early-morning workshops on 
urban issues and worked hard behind the 
scenes to forge alliances with other special- 
interest groups. 

The results elated caucus leaders. "We 
have claimed an enormous amount of con- 
vention's attention," said Bishop John 
Walker of Washington, chairman of the 
Urban Bishops' Coalition. The coalition's 
booth had a "thick stack" of membership 
cards, one leader said. Over a dozen 
dioceses had requested "urban institutes" 
to acquaint them with urban issues, said 
another. 

Legislatively, the urban caucus won ap- 
proval for the Joint Commission on the 
Church in Metropolitan Areas to continue 
work and to prepare an action agenda for 
the 1982 convention. Convention iden- 
tified strengthening the church's urban 
presence as one of its prime goals. It urged 
urban churches to work toward "economic 
redevelopment" in their areas. And, in a 
point dear to some large-city bishops, the 
local congregation was affirmed as the 
primary locus of urban mission. 

Next step is a national meeting in 
February 1980 in Indianapolis, when the 
groups will seek to form their caucus. 

Evangelism and renewal groups won 
wider visibility and also demonstrated their 
growing presence in many dioceses. Early- 
morning teaching sessions drew good 



crowds. Evening worship outdoors showed 
strong renewal-movement traces. 

The Episcopal Women's Caucus had 
lower visibility than in Minneapolis. The 
Rev. Pat Park, caucus leader, criticized 
planners of eucharists held daily in the 
hotels for not including women priests as 
celebrants. Bishop William Frey of 
Colorado, who made the arrangements, 
promised to amend the schedule. 

The women's caucus held luncheon 
meetings that were well attended. The 
group sought to help Integrity, the 
association of gay Episcopalians. Key issue 
for the women priests seemed to be 
deployment; not enough women priests are 
being hired, they said. 

One resolution, calling for equal 
employment opportunity in the church, 
may speak to this issue. 

Two events highlighted convention's 
concern for hunger. First was a 24-hour 
fast, whose success was difficult to gauge. 
Convention-goers were urged to par- 
ticipate. One leading restaurant reported 
business as usual. The convention center's 
restaurant seemed to do a normal lunch 
business. 

More clearly successful was the event 
that came immediately at the end of the 
fast, an "Evening with John Denver." The 
world famous singer offered his services to 
aid the church's hunger program and paid 
the entire cost of his appearance, which 
included a reunion of the Mitchell Trio in 
which Denver once sang. 

The black community had low visibility. 
One victory was restoration of part of the 
funding for the three black Episcopal 
colleges, which had been reduced by 
Executive Council. A related victory was 
restoration of funding for the Coalition for 
Human Needs, which is engaged in 
programs such as low-income housing. 

Hispanic interests focused on a 
resolution supporting the Hispanic desk at 
the national church office, as well as an 
agreement to consider simultaneous 
Spanish translation at the 1982 conven- 

The well-organized "Youth Presence at 
General Convention" seemed a rousing 
success. Some 400 youth came from 
around the country. They attended 
deputies and bishops sessions. Their 
buttons and T-shirts were visible 
ywhere. Especially moving was the 






the House 



of 



ishops, where they presented Presiding 
Bishop John M. Allin a check for his Fund 
for World Relief, gave him a T-shirt 
(which he donned) and sang. 



Thursday, September 20, 1 



Deputies back independent Palestinian state 



By William Ferguson 
Of the Daily Staff 

Deputies Wednesday supported a 
resolution calling for establishment of "a 
free and independent Palestinian state 
which recognizes Israel" and free access by 
all people to Jersualem. 

They also deplored the resurgence of the 
Ku Klux KJan. 

The remainder of Wednesday morning's 
activity concerned "in-house" legislation. 

The divided vote rule, a favorite at every 
convention, once again failed to carry. The 
resolution would have changed a divided 
vote from its present "negative" status to 
that of abstention. 

The present voting rule was defended as 
a valuable legislative tool. "It guards 
against approval of important matters by 
small margins," one deputy said. 

The same resolution would have added a 
two-thirds requirement to such voting. The 
whole matter was tabled, but one veteran 
deputy was sure it is not dead. "We'll hear 
on that next time," he said. 

General Convention in 1988 will not be 
held in Louisville if deputies have their 
way, but in Detroit, described by a 
Michigan deputy as "resurrection city." 
Noting the convention has not been held 
there since 1961, he said Detroit is well 



equipped to host the Episcopal group 
Deputies agreed. 

Discussion of possible convention sites 
has been limited to seven cities. Eight are 
removed from consideration because the 
Executive Council has called for a boycott 
of sites in states that have not ratified the 
Equal Rights Amendment. The seven eligi- 
ble cities are Anaheim (Los Angeles), 
Louisville, Detroit, New York, Cleveland, 
Philadelphia and Dallas. 

On the subject of conventions, the 
deputies narrowly defeated (by 357 to 354) 
a proposal to move the convention date 
back to late August so it would not it\- 
terfere with the fall schedule of parishes. 

In other matters, deputies were asked 
whether standing committees should 
receive detailed information about each 
bishop-elect on whom they are asked to 
pass? 

"No," said Deputy Joseph Tucker of 
Arkansas. "The standing committee is like 
people at a wedding. You don't ask the 
bride and groom questions. Your consent 
means that if there is a bad odor, it hasn't 
reached you yet." The deputies agreed that 
detailed information was not necessary. 

A resolution calling upon dioceses to 
voluntarily reduce the size of their 
deputations was opposed on the ground 



that it might result in unequal representa- 
ion. The House of Deputies agreed, and 
voted it down. 

As deputies filed out of the House at the 
end of the next-to-last day, one said to 
another: "Well, we accomplished a lot 
today." 

Deputies' accomplishments included ap- 
proval of a study of the pension fund, dis- 
approval of a year's moratorium on drink- 
ing and disapproval of discrimination at 
country clubs. 

They also heard a brief report on Ven- 
ture in Mission, and approved a suppor- 
tive resolution. 

In other action, deputies concurred with 
the House of Bishops and disposed of 
redundant proposals. Quickly the deputies 
gave support to the 1981 White House 
Conference on Aging, Celebration of Age 
in Action, a new booklet on pastoral care of 
the clergy; simpler lifestyle at church 
meetings, and careful use of land. 



An effort to have a pension fund review 
handled by a committee of bishops, clergy 
and laity was defeated. Promoters of the 
review cited a price tag of $60,000 for the 
review, but it was suggested $250,000 was 
needed. No amount was voted, however, so 
the matter is referred to the Budget and 
Program Committee. 

William Ikard, chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Church Support, said Venture in 
Mission "is just getting up steam now." He 
described it as a great, worthwhile cause. 

"I know of places where they have had 
trouble raising money, but Venture has 
brought about renewal that is fantastic, 
and I don't mean it's all money." Venture, 
he said, will serve the missionary effort 
"like nothing we've done for the past 20 or 
30 years." 

He urged the deputies to make it their 
business to learn all they could about Ven- 
ture in order to take that knowledge home 
with them. 



Puerto Ricans given autonomy 



Church to lobby Capitol 



The Episcopal Church now has a lobby- 
ist in Congress, and his office will open 
Oct. 1. 

The Washington Office of the Episco- 
pal Church, headed by the Rev. William L. 
Weiler, will inform Congressmen of certain 
stances adopted at this convention, in- 



volutions on the death penalty, 
iment, the Equal Rights Amend- 
id "especially, the plight of cities." 



disarm 
ment a 



Presiding Bishop John M. Allin in- 
troduced Weiler to the House of Bishops 
Wednesday afternoon. 



Continued from Page 1 
urged denial of the request and questioned 
the U.S. Church's right to assign metro- 
politan authority to a group of dioceses 
which is not in fact an autonomous 
Anglican Province. 

Also speaking in the negative was San 
Joaquin's Bishop Victor Rivera, who in- 
jected a novel element into the debate. 

If Puerto Rico were permitted to make 
this move, might not a similar step be "the 
answer also for continental U.S. dioceses 
who felt PECUSA is departing more and 
more from historic Christian doctrine?" 

"Let's recognize that what we are con- 



sidering now, for Puerto Rico, may be one 
way of solving the dilemmas in which 
many of our clergy and lay people find 
themselves here," he said. He concluded 
with another question: "If Puerto Rico 
votes to be a state, and the Congress agrees, 
how would this metropolical status affect 
the relationship of the U.S. church and 
Puerto Rico?" 

Bishop Elliott Sorge, staff officer for the 
development of ministry and formerly a 
diocesan in Brazil, called the proposal "a 
great step forward and a great inspiration 
to other dioceses" looking toward 
autonomy. 



Opposition statement signed by 21 bishops 



Twenty-one bishops have signed a con 
science statement in opposition to the 
homosexual resolution passed by the 
House of Bishops Monday. 

Led by Bishop John M. Krumm of Ohio, 
the signers said that since the action was a 
recommendation and not a prescription, 
they could not accept it. 

Other signers in addition to Krumm are 
Robert M. Anderson, Charles E. Bennison, 
Edmund L. Browning, John M. Burgess, 
Otis Charles, David R. Cochran, Ned Cole, 
Robert L. DeWitt, William A. Dimmick, 
Wesley Frensdorff, H. Coleman McGehee, 
Paul Moore, J. Brooke Mosley, Man C. 
Ogilby, Frederick W. Putnam, Francisco 
Reus-Froylan, William B. Spofford, 
Richard M. Trelease and John T. Walker. 

Following is the text of the statement: 

Bishops in the Church of God who 
associate ourselves with this statement - af- 
firm our belief that Holy Matrimony 
between a man and a woman as a 
covenanted, exclusive, and (by God's help) 
a permanent relationship is the predomi- 
nant and usual mode of sexual expression, 
blessed by God, for Christian people par- 
ticularly and for humankind generally. To 
this state the vast majority of persons have 
clearly been called. 

We also affirm the sacrificial sign of 
celibacy, for the small minority genuinely 
called to that state, as a valid and valuable 
witness to a broken and selfish world of the 
virtues and spiritual power of Christian 
self-denial in the service of others. 

Nothing in what follows is intended to 
deny or to weaken either the vocation to 
Christian marriage or to Christian celibacy; 
and nothing, especially, is intended to 
weaken or demean, or deny the centrality 
of, the institution of the Christian family. 

However, there is a minority of persons 
who have clearly not been called to the 
married state, or given the graces for it - 
whether they realize this before, or pain- 
fully and often tragically discover it 
afterwards - and who are incapable in the 
very nature of their formed personalities of 
conforming to the predominant mode of 
behavior. Why this is so is a mystery 
known only to God; even the researchers 
of modern science have been unable to 
provide an adequate answer for it. Nor is 
there convincing evidence that these peo- 
ple, of homosexual orientation, have been 
given the very special and extraordinary 
grace the Church has always seen to be 
necessary for the healthy expression of 
Christian celibacy. 

We who associate ourselves with this 
statement are deeply conscious of, and 



grateful for, the profoundly valuable 
ministries of ordained persons, known to 
us to be homosexual, formerly and present- 
ly engaged in the service of this Church. 
Not all of these persons have necessarily 
been celibate; and in the relationships of 
many of them, maintained in the face of 
social hostility and against great odds, we 
have seen a redeeming quality which in its 
way and according to its mode is no less a 
sign to the world of God's love than is the 
more usual sign of Christian marriage. 
From such relationships we cannot believe 
God to be absent. 

Furthermore, even in cases where an 
ideally stable relationship was not, or has 




The Rt. Rev. John M. Krumm 

not yet, been achieved, we are conscious of 
ordained homosexual persons who are 
wrestling responsibly, and in the fear of 
God, with the Christian implications of 
their sexuality, and who seek to be respon- 
sible, caring, and non-exploitive people 
even in the occasionally more transient 
relationships which the hostility of our 
society towards homosexual persons — 
with its concommitants of furtiveness and 
clandestinity — makes inevitable. 

We believe that the action of this house, 
which declares that it is not appropriate for 
this Church to ordain a practicing 
homosexual or any person who is engaged 
in heterosexual relations outside of 
marriage, while it has the specious 
appearance at first glance of reaffirming 
and upholding time-honored varieties. 



th it a cruel denial of the sexual 
beings of homosexual persons — against 
whom, given the title of this resolution, it is 
principally aimed, it also carries with it, in 
implied logic, a repudiation of those 
ministries, by homosexual persons and to 
homosexual persons, already being exer- 
cised in our midst; and it invites, further- 
more, the prospect of retroactive reprisals 
against ordained homosexual persons, with 
consequences of untold harm to the 
Church and its people, whether homo- 
sexual or heterosexual. 

This action also speaks a word of con- 
demning judgment against countless 
laypersons of homosexual orientation who 
are rendered by its implications second- 
class citizens in the Church of their bap- 
tism, fit to receive all other sacraments but 
the grace of Holy Order - unless, in a 
sacrifice not asked of heterosexual persons 
generally, they abandon all hope of finding 
human fulfillment, under God, in a sexual 
and supportive relationship. This action, 
thus, makes a mockery of the vow and 
commitment which the Church has made 
to them in that same sacrament of baptism, 
to do all in its power to support these per- 
sons in their life in Christ — all of these 
persons, without exception — and calls into 
question the vows of us all to strive for 
justice and peace among all people, and 
respect the dignity of every human being. 

Furthermore, speaking for the future, if 
these recommendations were to be carried 
out as this House seems to intend, they 
would fatally restrict our traditional 
freedom and duty as Bishops in the Church 
of God — with the concurrence of our stan- 
ding committees, ministry commissions, 
and the like — to determine the fitness and 
calling of individual .persons to Holy 
Orders — with each case being decided, not 
on the basis of the individual's belonging 
to a particular category or class of excluded 
persons, but on the basis of his or her in- 
dividual merits as a whole human being, 
and in the light of the particular cir- 
cumstances obtaining in that case. 

We have no intention of ordaining 
irresponsible persons, or persons whose 
manner of life is such as to cause grave 
scandal or hurt to other Christians; but we 
do not believe that either homosexual 
orientation as such, nor the responsible and 
self -giving use of such a mode of sexuality, 
constitute such a scandal in and of itself. 

Our position is based, consistent with 
our Anglican tradition — which values the 
gifts of reason and welcomes truth from 
whatever source — on the insights of what 
we understand to be the best and most 
representative current findings of modern 



science and psychology on this subject. But 
even more, our position is based, ultimate- 
ly, on the total witness of Holy Scripture. 
For we are persuaded that modern exegesis 
and interpretation of the Scriptures — in 
the light of the original languages and our 
enhanced understanding of the cultural 
context of the particular passages which 
relate, or seem to relate, to the subject of 
homosexuality — gives no certain basis for 
a total or absolute condemnation either of 
homosexual persons or of homosexual ac- 
tivities in all cases. Holy Scripture indeed 
condemns homosexual excesses and ex- 
ploitation, but it no less condemns 
heterosexual excesses and exploitations as 
well; and as the cure for the latter is a more 
responsible and less selfish expression of 
heterosexuality, so the cure for the former 
is a more responsible and less selfish ex- 
pression of homosexuality, not a conver- 
sion from the one to the other. On the 
other hand, the total witness of Holy Scrip- 
ture is to a gracious God of justice, mercy 
and love. It is on that witness we take our 
stand, and it is to that God we make our 

Taking note, therefore, that this action 
of the house is recommendatory and not 
prescriptive, we give notice as we are 
answerable before almighty God that we 
cannot accept these recommendations or 
implement them in our dioceses insofar as 
they relate or give unqualified expression 
to RecomYnendation Three. 

To do so would be to abbrocate our 
responsibilities of apostolic leadership and 
prophetic witness to the flock of Christ, 
committed to our charge: and it would in- 
volve a repudiation of our ordination vows 
as Bishops: in the words of the new Prayer 
Book, boldly to proclaim and interpret the 
Gospel of Christ, enlightening the minds 
and stirring up the conscience of our peo- 
ple, and to encourage and support all bap- 
tized people in their gifts and 
ministries.. .and to celebrate with them the 
sacraments of our redemption; or in the 
words of the old, to be to the flock of 
Christ a shepherd, not a wolf. Our appeal 
is to conscience, and to God. Amen. 

W DAILY 



Chorch, Sept. 10-Sept. 20, 1979. First Clow Postage Permit 
No. 486 paid at Denver, Colorado. 

lyn Corter, James M. Coram (Editor), Heidi Ehrich, Thomas L. 



The Communicant interviews the candidates 



The Rev. Douglas G. Burgoyne 

Rector, St. Andrew's Church 
Newport News, Virginia 



The Rev. Albert Theodore Eastman 

Rector, St. Alban's Church 
Washington, D.C. 



The Rev. Robert W. Estill 

Rector, St. Michael and All Angels 
Dallas, Texas 



How would you describe some of the high points of your ministry since ordination? 



My ministry has been, from the outset, a preaching and 
pastoral ministry. I am a generalist. I enjoy people and I love the 
variety and richness of the parish ministry. It draws upon every 
talent and gift a person has and then some. It's constantly 
challenging and I love it. 

I have served in a variety of 
parishes and settings starting 
in a small prarie town in 
eastern Oregon called Ontario - 
cowboy country, farming 
country they were still paving 
the streets while we were there. 
It was an area of sparse 
population with a tiny per- 
centage of Christian people 
(less than 30%) and virgin 
territory for the ministry of the 
Gospel. 

Although we were both 
Easterners, my wife an I 
thoroughly enjoyed the nor- 
thwest. It was a people 
ministry there and I enjoyed 
every aspect of my work with 
migrants, ranchers, farmers, 
business and professional people. I found a real enthusiasm for 
the pastoral ministry and some of its possibilities. 

That continued on a larger scale in my next parish in 
Williamstown, Mass. An added dimension there, of course, apart 
from the larger size of the parish, was the fact that St. John's was 
located right on Williams College's campus. I was a Williams 
graduate myself and I found I had a facility and enthusiasm for 
college ministry. Students were constantly in the house and there 
were many opportunities to work with them formally in groups 
and informally over the kitchen table. This was a rich part of our 
life during our 12 years there. 

My present parish, again, is quite a leap upward in size; larger, 
with a day school also, and plenty of opportunity for ministry 
there. One of the challenges in a big parish, of course, is to do a 
close, caring kind of pastoral ministry and still span the gamut of 
large numbers of people. I've worked hard at it. We've done a fair 
amount to mobilize and utilize lay ministry in the parish and help 
people to see their role as ministers. 




I think my overseas experience has probably shaped my 
theology as much as anything. It put me in touch with the world- 
wide nature of the church, its diversity, and how the Gospel can 
be perceived and communicated in very different ways in very 
different places. That experience, I think, has made me a much 
more open human being and much more open theologically. It 
enabled me to see how the Christian way has developed in all 
kinds of different directions and still maintained its integrity. I 
came to appreciate diversity. 

It also taught me a lot about learning to listen to people. My 
basic task, when I was with the Overseas Mission Society, was to 
listen to what was going on among Christians in other parts of 
the world and to interpret that to the church here, building lines of 
communication back and forth. It sharpened my i I 
capacities to hear what other 
people have to give us and 
what we, in response, might do 
with what they offer us. I've 
come away with a sense of the 
tremendous breadth of the 
church as a result. Thaf s one 
thing I bring to my present job. 

The other interesting thing 
is, that for thirteen years, when 
I was in a non-parochial church 
position, I sat in the pew with 
my family most Sunday 
mornings as a "consumer." I 
wish that every priest would 
have an opportunity to do that 
for a long enough period of 
time to see how the church 
looks from the nave side of the 
chancel steps. Having ex 
perienced it as a quasi-layman, I've become less romantic about 
the church and more critical, and thaf s made me a better priest. 

We clergy have a professional interest in the life of the church. 
Priesthood is our job as well as our calling, and I think we often 
get protective of the institution, and caught up in our theological 
jargon. I constantly have to remind myself that the real ministry of 
the church is happening through the lives of an entire community 
of Christian people, who are out in offices and factories and 
shops and home. That's where the Gospel is being com- 
municated. Our task, as professional people in the church, is to 
help lay ministry happen with integrity and excitement. 

Some of my satisfaction comes from training seminarians that 
work in the parish and the younger clergy that I work with on my 
team. Helping them to grow and develop is a tremendously potent 
and important thing in my life. I'm sure it has something to do 
with middle age - a kind of passing on of the tradition - not in a 
patriarchal or authoritarian way, but in an enabling kind of way. I 
really enjoy that. 




As a priest what expectations do you have for your Bishop? 



My three years at Virginia Seminary directing the Continuing 
Education Program was a good time for me; a time to take in as 
well as give out. I think I know more clergy and know them in 
more depth than many Bishops do because we had over a 
hundred men (and no women, sadly, while I was there), go 

through our program every 
year. I'm one of those people 
that likes clergy and enjoys 
being with them. It was good 
to be able to know people 
from all over the country and 
share together our various 
successes and failures in 
different kinds of church 
situations. 

I went to St. Michael's in 
Dallas to get back in the parish 
ministry and I also went there 
because it's a very viable 
parish. Like North Carolina, 
people really go to church 
down there. If s on the upswing 
and people take the church 
seriously. It seemed to me that 
if any parish in the country 
could be a really viable force for good in its community, St. 
Michael's could be with all its resources and its people. I was 
asked to stay on at the Seminary and would have been happy h 
do so but my training and experience pressed me in that direction. 
The thing thaf s most inviting about St. Michael's is the thing that 
most people think it doesn't have which is a lot of freedom to be 
a pastor and teacher and preacher. I have an excellent staff and a 
marvelous business administrator who share that load; so I have 
enough time to counsel, visit, preach and teach and do those 
things I really like to do. 

I would be more at "at home" in North Carolina that I am in 
Texas. I grew up in central Kentucky and tobacco country. North 
Carolina and that part of Kentucky are similar. I like the size and 
balance of the cities of this diocese. And, despite the fact that I 
presently serve in a large church, I'm also drawn to the small 
churches in this Diocese. I think there's a tremendous opportunity 
for small churches to be freed from the demand to get bigger. 
There is an opportunity to become extended families, and to be 
much more intimate and much better vehicles than many large 
churches can for enabling peoples' lives and ministry. That excites 




The first thing I look for is a man of God. It makes a very big 
difference to me whether the Bishop is a believing Christian who 
is conscious of God and His grace, open to God's prompting, 
eager to build up people in Christ and to be used of God further 
to build the Body of Christ in his diocese; in short, a man of 
prayer, a scripturally oriented man of the Book, and a believing 
Christian man of God. 

I also look for a Bishop who cares, who loves people, who is 
willing to carve out time, no matter how busy he is, for the in- 
dividual and who sees his pastoral relations with his clergy and 
their families right up at or near the top of his priorities. 

I would look for a Bishop who has some sense of efficiency, 
organization, structure; who could facilitate the use of staff and 
leadership in his diocese in order to get the Lord's work done in < 
effective way; a Bishop who creates a sense of family unity in tta 
diocese, not in the sense of getting everybody to think the 
way, but quite the contrary, by 
affirming people in their rich 
diversity and helping them to 
see their place in the Lord's 
work and move ahead together 
as a diocesan family. 

Some Bishops, in my ex- 
perience, are better at listening 
than others. Listening is very 
important to me. I work hard 
at it myself and I applaud 
when others do. To really hear 
what a person is trying to say - 
to have the patience to stay 
with it and to care and win 
their confidence and draw out 
further what really is there so 
that you can help minister to 
their needs - thafs an im- 
portant thing for a Bishop; and 
some Bishops are better at that than others. 

Some Bishops are better preachers than others. I find myself 
frustrated, sitting in my clergy stall during a confirmation service, 
if the Bishop doesn't really preach the Gospel. I get bored with the 
nuts and bolts of whaf s happening in the mechanical organization 
of the diocese when I'm hungry to hear the Gospel preached with 
all the power and the conviction and the experience and depth a 
Bishop should be coming out of when he addresses a group of 
confirmation candidates and a congregation of people. Granted, 
the Bishop has got to speak to the diocesan scene and the overall 
picture of the church and the needs if s trying to address itself to, 
but I hunger for the episcopal preaching of the Gospel with power 
and conviction, and I think Bishops need to work harder at that 




I do not necessarily look for the Bishop to be my pastoral 
person. I may pick somebody else when I need help. But I look 
for him to set a tone for my diocese; to be clear about where he is 
theologically and ecclesiologically and to speak with clarity. 

I hope he won't expect me to agree with him all the time but 
will be able to hear me where I am, to be in dialogue with me. I 
want him to take a heavy dose of responsibility for bringing along 
the next generation of ordained ministry in the diocese. I want 
him to use wisdom and love in working with clergy and laity in 
the processes leading to or- 
dination. When he comes to 
my parish, I want him to give 
us a vision of the wider church 
and to listen to how we un- 
derstand things and to feed 
that back into the rest of the 
diocese. I see him as a kind of 
communications person 
between the core leadership of 
the diocese and my parish. I 
want my Bishop to be a 
human being. I want him to let 
me see his faults and know 
that he is vulnerable. 1 want to 
know that he needs other 
people; that he is warm and 
caring. He can't be all those 
things all the time for all the 
I people, but I want to know 
that he had those qualities. I want to see his human side; and I 
want me to help him be human, scaling down my expectations of 
him, allowing him to be a human being like I am. 




I think the Bishop, as the 1979 Prayer Book puts it, is one who 
guards the faith and doctrine of the church. He doesn't defend it. 
That part of his task makes him a theologian as well as a person 
who meets in council with other Bishops and with the wider 
church. He's also a pastor to the clergy and their families, a role 
which appeals to me greatly. In | 
a diocese like this, a parish of 
140 clergy seems manageable 
and pastorally feasible for a 
Bishop to be a pastor and I 
would see that as one of his 
primary jobs. I would see him 
as a leader in a sense of being, I 
sometimes, a spokesman for 
the church; but, basically, it 
seems to me he's a pastor and ] 
spiritual father in God to his 
diocese 

I would think he should feel 
a primary responsibility to the 
clergy of the diocese. My view 
of a Bishop follows an older 
model of the Bishop as a 
spiritual leader and father in 
God and a confirmer and 
baptizer. He is a person who is involved in the initiatory rites of 
the church and ministers to his clergy, to his people in the 
diocese. 

I think one of the exciting possibilities of a Bishop's life is the 
opportunity it offers to turn conflict into growth. 1 don't mean that 
you have to go out and engender conflict because there's enough 
of it around without doing that. But, one of the courses that we 
gave three times every year at Virginia Seminary was Conflict 
Management. Over and over agian I find that clergy and Bishops 
continually try to put down conflict and try to pour oil on conflict 
and differences of opinion rather than using the conflict for 
growth. You are bound to have conflict in a church as open and 
democratic as ours with as many different things in it, and I 
would see that as growth-producing rather than something to be 
avoided or always resolved. Yet, most parish priests who came tc 
us were convinced that their job was to keep conflict out of the 
parish rather than take it and use it for growth in the parish. 




Page 6-The Communicant-October, 1979 



The Rev. Daniel P. Matthews 

Rector, St. John's Church 
Knoxville, Tennessee 



The Rev. Martin R. Tilson 

Rector, St. Luke's Church 
Birmingham, Alabama 



Every place I have been, I have envisioned as probably the best 
possible place to be. When I was an assistant in a large suburban 
church in Memphis, I was Youth Minister and we had the best 
youth program in the South, I thought. We had 100 kids every 
Sunday night and we ran a camp in Wyoming at a dude ranch for 
70 teenagers every summer. It was all a great success. I was really 
thinking about devoting my whole ministry to youth work when I 
got a call to go to a small mission, a brand new, promising place 
in Nashville and I thought thaf s what I wanted to do. So, I tried 
that. Well, it became the fastest growing church in the Diocese of 
Tennessee - just blossomed forth. That was in the early days of 
liturgical renewal and we did all the stuff - red balloons and mass 
on the grass three times a year in the park with a picnic and little 
children bringing the collection down in red wagons in the center 
aisle. It was a very exciting place and I thought, "Now, this is 
where ministry really is." 

But, then I got a call to the downtown church I presently serve. 
If s old and very conservative 
and I couldn't do the lirugical 
things there. Nobody wanted 
to see little red wagons brought 
down the aisle of this very old, 
conservative church. 

So I said to myself, "How 
can the downtown church 
really use its place in the center 
of the city?" Traditionally, the 
downtown church has always 
been the center of community. 
Everybody came to the church. 
In a fragmented society like we 
have today, there is no center, 
no communal gathering place. 
So our dream was, to put in a 
television station to provide 
that gathering place for the 
community. As a result, the 
downtown church is again serving to help people communicate by 
bringing together the people of the community. 




Let me begin by saying I think I have the best of two r 
One is the parish ministry which I love very much. I serve a very 
creative parish that wants to be on the cutting edge of situations 
in Alabama in the church and responds to that kind of leadership. 
We've tried very hard to create a lay ministry using certain models 
1 order for the laity to un- 
I derstand their own ministry 
I and to help them to get at it. 
I One of the chief responsibilities 

» have today is to help in- 
I dividuals who have made a 
I response to Jesus Christ 
I discover their ministry in the 
I office and home. I feel my role 
; the parish priest with a large 
I staff is to create an at- 
Imosphere where they can 
I discover their gifts and then 
loffer them with a certain sense 
■of joy and fulfillment. Thaf s 
Ithe basic thrust of our parish 
"ministry and we carry it out in 
various ways. 
The other part that excites 
; that I'm the Chairman of 
the National Commission on Social and Specialized Ministries of 
the National Church. This has to do with all of the social 
ministries that the National Church is involved in, so I have 
gained some experience with many vital ministries that are going 
on in our church across the country - ministries with the deaf, the 
blind, APSO, ageing, etc. We also deal with social issues such as 
unemployment, juvenile justice, women's rights, ERA and women 
abuse. 

Throughout it all I have come to see the church-at-large and the 
magnificent ministries that are going on across this country. And 
I'm very excited about what our church is doing in small groups, 
in individual parishes, in collective parishes, and in certain kinds 
of coalitions of communities with churches of various 
denominations. There's just a fantastic ministry going on where 
people are caring for one another and are attempting to respond 
to their Lord's commission to care and to provide the love and 
care of God. So, I have a very enthusiastic feeling about our 
church-at-large from my traveling across the country. 




In the person of the Bishop is the magnetism of this strange 
kind of undefined thing called a diocese and in the Bishop the 
support systems for the clergy exist, as well as the dreams of the 
laity to be something bigger than what they are. The whole thing 
depends on a dynamism, a magnetism, an energy, that really 
somehow takes its initial spark or thrust from the personhood of 
the Bishop. Thaf s our polity as far as I'm concerned. If the 
Bishop doesn't support it, in my experience, it doesn't happen 
unless strange, uniques leadership emerges. 

I've never been able to do significant things in the diocese 
without the Bishop almost asking me to. You try, but if the 
Bishop doesn't set them on fire with his vision, then it doesn't 
happen in the diocese. If it doesn't happen in the Bishop, it 
doesn't happen in the Council, and if it doesn't happen in the 
Council, it doesn't happen in Hamlet, North Carolina. 

What happens in places like Hamlet is directly related to the 
kind of bishop a diocese has I know thafs true in organizations 
of all types. In the Army, you know, the way the general views life 
affects the private. 

Walt Disney is a fabulous example. Disney built an enormous 
empire around his belief in creativity. In all of the Disney 
operations, there are storyboards on the wall, and every person 
from the janitor to the president is encouraged to submit their 
answer to the problem presented by that particular storyboard. 
Everybody is urged to be 
creative. 

The exciting thing is that a 
diocese could become equally 
creative. That takes a different 
kind of thrust that the Bishop 
who always keeps the lid on 
things and says "Now, lef s 
not...lefs not...lefs not...". 
That kind of leadership may 
inspire awe but not en- 
thusiasm. 

I believe there's a whole new 
form of leadership — a 
leadership that enables; a 
leadership that empties itself (I 
don't want to get schmaltzy 
but thafs what Jesus did). 
When you make yourself 
vulnerable to those people 
you're leading, they give you power. Thafs Christian power— vs— 
Jimmy Hoffa power that says, "If you don't do what I say, 1*11 
destroy you." 




First of all, I want a person who I know, by his very presence, 
is a believer and is happy about that. I don't care how he ex- 
presses it but I want him to have that sense about him - that you 
don't have to ask him what he believes - to know that he is a 
person who believes in the Lord, is committed to Him. 

I would see, secondly, a 
person who is able to clarify 
issues for the larger body. That i 
doesn't mean he's going to rule f 
- that they have to go one 
direction - but at least he's 
clarified it for them. In the 
midst of the debate it is the 
Bishop who should be able to 
clarify the issue theologically. 
Whether it's capital punishment | 
or abortion, someone needs to j 
bring some clarity to particular 
issues for the people. 

Certainly he must be a 
person that the clergy knows 
and cares about. By 
illustration, I come out of a 
diocese that has that model. 
Bishop Stough is one of the 
great people who really cares about his clergy - hell do anything 
for them. And we sometimes fault him for that. But the fact is, 
he's known by his own, and he's known across the country as 
being a caring kind of guy. He truly is a pastor. 

I think I want him to be one who confronts, one who raises up, 
holds before - someone exciting, creative; not someone who goes 
around putting fires out. 

It seems a Bishop has to show some confidence by allowing 
bodies or groups or persons who, have been assigned duties or 
responsibilities, to function, to believe that they'll fulfill those 
assignments. A Bishop has got to somehow communicate by his 
behavior that he believes, when a person takes on a job to do, he 
is going to do it and, if he doesn't, it doesn't get done. 

Thafs the model we're following in Birmingham - shared 
leadership. 




Proposed Rules of Order 
(Revised) 

The Special Convention will adopt its own ntles for the electior 
of a Bishop Coadjutor as its first item of business when it meets 
Nov. 2. 

To contribute to an orderly convention, the Nominating 
Committee suggested proposed rules in a September mailing to 
chairmen of parish delegations and all clergy. 

After receiving helpful suggestions and comments, the com- 
mittee revised the rules at a meeting on October 3, to eliminate 
nominating speeches for the five candidates named by the 
committee, while continuing to provide for brief presentations for 
those nominations made from the floor. 

The Proposed Rules streamline the formal nominating process 
to eliminate redundancy, and provide a method for breaking a 
deadlock at the end of the tenth ballot, should such a situation 
develop. The committee also added a final sentence to emphasize 
that the control of the election process rests at all times with the 
Convention itself. 

Here are the Proposed Rules, as revised by the Nominating 
Committee: 



1 . a. The business of the special convention shall be limited tc 
the nomination and election of a bishop coadjutor, as specified ii 
Article II.3 of the Constitution of the Diocese. 

b. The provisions of the Constitution of the Diocese and c 
Title III. 14 of the Canons of the General Convention shall apply. 

c. Except where superseded by these Rules of Order, the 
Rules of Order printed on pages 51-54 of the 1976 edition of th< 
Constitution and Canons of the Diocese, and any amendments 
thereto, shall apply. 

2. a. The provisions of Article III. 3 of the Constitution of the 
Diocese shall govern qualifications of clerical delegates and the lis 
of clerical delegates shall be prepared by the Secretary in ac- 
cordance with Canon 1.1 of the Diocesan Canons. 

b. The provisions of Article III.4, 6 of the Constitution of 
the Diocese shall govern the qualifications and election of lay 
delegates and the provisions of Canon 1.2 of the Diocesan 
Canons shall govern amended certifications of delegates in the lav 

3. a. Seating on the floor of the convention shall be restricted b 
voting delegates, with the exception of seating provided for the 
Chancellor and the Parliamentarian. b. Seating in the choir 
and gallery and other areas not designated on the convention 
floor shall be provided for: 

(i) Lay members of the nominating committee not otherwise 
members of the convention; 

(ii) Lay members of the Standing Committee and Diocesan 
Council not otherwise members of the convention; 

(iii) Representatives of the press, certified by the diocesan 
press officer; 

(iv) Tellers, pages, and recorders as appointed by the 
Secretary of the Convention; 

(v) Candidates and their spouses; 

( vi) Diocesan officers and staff, as listed on pp. 5 and 6, of 
the Journal of the 163rd Convention, not otherwise seated as 
delegates; 

(vii) Alternates and visitors, who will be seated as space 
permits. 

4. All delegates and alternates registered in place of delegates 
shall be deemed to be present at all times unless excused by the 
Bishop, who will notify the Secretary immediately of the name of 
the delegate excused and the length of the period for which he is 
excused. 

5. When the Convention has organized and rules have been 
adopted, the chairman of the Nominating Committee shall place 
in nomination the nominees of the committee. The floor will then 
be open for additional nominations. Nominations from the floor 
must be in writing in the following form: 

We nominate the Rev. 



for election as bishop coadjutor and certify that he consents to 
this nomination. 

The form must be signed by three persons, a nominator and 
two endorsers, all of whom must be delegates to the special 
convention, no two of whom may be members of or (in the case 
of clerical members) serving the same parish or mission. One of 
the three must be a member of the clerical order and one a 
member of the lay order. When the chair calls for nominations 
from the floor, the Nominator will seek the recognition of the 
chair, read the form, including the names of the persons signing 
the form, and submit it to the Secretary. The Nominator may 
then speak for no more than three minutes, outlining the objective 
resume of the nominee. 

6. a. Article XII of the Constitution of the Diocese provides as 
follows: "When a Bishop is to be elected, the Convention shall 
vote by ballot and by orders; and a concurrence of a majority of 
all the clergy present and entitled to vote in the Convention, and 
of the delegates from a majority of the parishes and organized 
missions represented in the Convention (the said delegates voting 
by parishes and missions), shall be necessary to an election. The 
vote of each organized mission shall be counted as one-fourth 

b. A majority of the delegates from a parish who are 
present and voting shall determine which candidate for bishop 
coadjutor shall receive the vote of the parish. 

7. If no election has occurred when the results of the tenth 
ballot are announced, the chair shall recess the convention up to 
two hours and refer the list of nominees to the Nominating 
Committee. The Nominating Committee shall meet, deliberate, 
and report to the convention. Its report may: 

a. Eliminate all nominess except the two candidates with the 
highest numbers of votes cast by each order; 

b. Eliminate a lesser number of nominees; 

c. Add nominess; 

d. Maintain the list of nominees referred to it at the recess; 

e. Recommend other action. 

8. Upon receipt of the Committee's report, the convention shall 
further proceed in accordance with such action as it shall 
thereafter take. 

The Communicant-October. 1979-Page 7 




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CO w C 







The COMMIT 



Vol. 69 No. 9 



Sewing the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North 



" Fm deeply grateful. . . ' 



: rv^m- 



Dear Friends: 



There are times in life when it is impossible to 
| describe one's feelings. Friday, November 2, was that 
| way for me, and Tm deeply grateful to the delegates for 
\ their vote of confidence. I look forward to serving our 
| Lord together in the tradition of the great bishops of 
\ North Carolina^-Ravenscroft, Ives, Atkinson, Lyman, 
I Cheshire, Delaney, Penick, Baker, Moore and Fraser. 

The events in Greensboro and Iran brought me down 
| from the clouds. The world has a way of forcing its 
I agenda on us when we look away even for a moment. 
I We must, as Jesus did, come down from the moun- 
| tains and face the crowd. 

Still, this is God's world, and He is in it, shaping its 
| course and using us when we let Him for His purpose. 
j My hope for our future is that we will always be open 
1 to that purpose and that we will continue to be used by 
\ Him in our part of His vineyard. 

—Robert W. Estill 




A postolic drama at St Paul's 

Coajutor elected on second ballot 



By Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

WINSTON-SALEM-In an im- 
pressive show of widespread delegate 
support, the Rev. Robert W. Estill was 
elected Bishop Coadjutor of the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina at 
a special convention held Nov. 2 at St. 
Paul's Church here. 




The Rt. Rev. John M. Allin shares words of congratulations i 
the Rev. Robert W. Estill after services in Dallas. Texas 
Sunday, Nov. 4 . The Presiding Bishop was guest preacher at 
Church of St. Michael and All Angels two days after its rei 
was elected Bishop Coadjutor of the Diocese of North Carolir, 



Estill, Rector of the Church of St. 
Michael and All Angels in Dallas, 
Texas, won handily on the second 
ballot with overwhelming majorities in 
both lay and clerical orders. The 
election took less than an hour, and 
balloting was completed before lunch. 

Though few delegates expressed 
surprise at the outcome, the speed of 
the election made Con 
vention's selection an 
emphatic one. Estill led the 
field of six nominees by 
comfortable margins in 
both houses right from the 
start, gaining a majority in 
the lay order immediately, 
and falling only eight votes 
shy of a first-ballot election 
in the clerical order. 
Concurrent majorities in 
both orders are necessary 
to elect. 

His support increased 
dramatically on the second 
ballot when he received 60 
clerical votes and 55 lay 
votes for overwhelming 
majorities in both orders. 

Other priests on the 
ballot included Albert 
Theodore Eastman, Rector 
of St. Alban's Church in 
Washington, D. C. ; 
Douglas Gray Burgoyne, 
Rector of St. Andrew's 
Church in Newport News, 
Va.; Daniel P. Matthews, 
Rector of St. John's 
Church in Knoxville, Tn.; 
Martin R. Tilson, Rector of 
St. Luke's Church in 



Birmingham; and Franklin D. Turner, 
Coordinator of Black Ministries for the 
National Church Center in New York. 
Of the six nominees on the ballot, only 
Turner was nominated from the floor. 
The rest were named by the 18- 
member nominating committee in late 
August. 

After the opening Eucharist 
celebrated by Bishop Fraser, the 
balloting began at 11:38 a.m. Estill led 
from the beginning, and the an- 
nouncement of his first ballot majority 
in the lay order elicited audible gasps of 
surprise from the assembled delegates. 
Declining Bishop Fraser's offer of a 
five-minute deliberation period bet- 
ween ballots, the delegates proceeded 



immediately to the second ballot 
before adjourning for lunch at 12:10 
p.m. When Bishop Fraser announced 
Estill's election in the opening minutes 
of the afternoon session, delegates 
burst into spontaneous and joyful 
applause. 

Commenting on the speed with 
which the delegates made their choice, 
Bishop Fraser informed the convention 
that "It is very obvious that the majority 
of delegates of this convention have 
very happily elected Robert W. Estill as 
their Bishop Coadjutor." 

After leading Convention in the 
Doxology, Bishop Fraser left the floor 

Continued on page 6 



Ballots tell the story 



Ballot 


1 




2 




Name 


C 


L 


C 


L 


Douglas Gray Burgoyne 


9 


5% 


1 


% 


Albert Theodore Eastman 


25 


15V4 


27 


14% 


Robert Whitridge Estill 


41 


38 


60 


55 


Daniel Paul Matthews 


8 


2V2 


2 





Martin Robert Tilson 


7 


6 


1 





Franklin Delton Turner 


6 


5 X /4 


5 


1V2 




Total Registration 


96 


72V2 


96 


12Vz 


Total Votes Cast 


96 


72 1 / 2 


96 


12Vz 


Necessary to Elect 


49 


36 1 /, 


49 


36V 2 



C-Clerlcal order; L-Lay order 



newsbriefs 



state and local 



people 




rr/rrV^ 

OP 




A taste of medieval England 
in Western N. C. 

BLACK MOUNTAIN-The scent of roast 
pig, the tumble of jesters and the lilting tunes 
of wandering minstrels transported over 
7,000 people to the Middle Ages in the first 
Michaelmas-in-the-Oaks festival held here last 
month. 

On October 20, the Episcopal Diocese of 
Western North Carolina converted its 75- 
acre conference center at Black Mountain 
into a medieval village, complete with 
costumed m'ladies and gallant gentlemen, 
jousting tournaments and theatrics, food and 

The festival, which diocese officials hope 
will become an annual event, was "designed 
to celebrate the wholeness of life as derived 
from God," according to Dottie Hoppen, 
Michaelmas general chairman. It opened at 
10 a.m. and closed at 6 p.m. with outdoor 
religious services in accord with worship 
services of the Middle Ages. 

In medieval times, Hoppen says, the 
church was the center of "all those things 
which are supposedly the attributes of 
civilization. Saints' Days attracted folks from 
miles around to the cathedral towns, not just 
for worship, but to feast, sell crafts, pay 
taxes, to dance, watch actors and engage in 
athletic contests." Michaelmas, she said, was 
just such a day. 

Each worship service began with a 
procession complete with pipers and 
trumpeters, banners and choirs. To en- 
courage everyone to participate in the 
procession, Hoppen says, everyone was 
given rhythm band instruments. 

Music and drama were scheduled hourly. 
Jugglers, street dancers and minstrels 
wandered through the grounds all day. 
Artisans and craftsmen demonstrated skills 
"from the non-mechanized world." 

To enhance the medieval atmosphere, 
visitors were encouraged— but not required— 
to dress in improvised medieval style. Horse- 
drawn carts, wagons and foot-power were 
the only ways to travel inside the grounds. 

All 63 parishes in the diocese, which 
includes virtually all N.C. counties west of 
Mecklenburg, participated by preparing tents, 
costumes, banners, pennants and food for 
the festival. 



KINGSTON, N.C.-The Very Rev. Brice 
Sidney Sanders was consecrated Bishop 
Coadjutor of the Episcopal Diocese of East 
Carolina at St. Mary's Church here on Oct. 
26. 

Prior to his election at a spcial convention 
on June 9, Bishop Sanders was dean of St. 
Andrew's Cathedral in Jackson, Miss. 

The new bishop will assist the present 
diocesan bishop, the Rt. Rev. Hunley A. 
Elebash, and will ultimately succeed him 
upon his retirement, resignation or death. 



Small churches join for 
workshop 

HENDERSON-How can small 
congregations encourage adult education 
when so few people seem interested? 

One way is to combine interest and 
resources with other small congregations. 
That is what the Episcopal Churches of 
Oxford, Henderson, Louisburg and 
Warrenton did on September 29 at Holy 
Innocents', Henderson. 

Thirty-five people from six small churches 
spent a day with the Rev. James Abbott of 
§t. Thomas' Church, Reidsville, as the 
keynoter. Following each of his two 
presentations the participants met in small 
groups to discuss Bible passages related to 
the theme or reconciliation. At the end of the 
day they celebrated the Eucharist and relaxed 
with a social hour before returning to their 
respective congregations. 

Churches represented at the conference 
included: St. Steven's and St. Cyprian's, both 
of Oxford; St. Paul's, Louisburg; Emmanuel, 
Warrenton; and St. John's and Holy In- 
nocents', both of Henderson. 

Some weeks prior to the meeting, 
representatives of each congregation met 
together to plan the day. Mrs. Anne Scoggin 
of Louisburg was coordinator and the 
diocesan Education and Training Committee 
provided a grant for this learning project. 

Other small churches interested in 
sponsoring such an event should contact 
Mrs. Scoggin at St. Paul's, Louisburg, or the 
Rev. Harrison T. Simons, Chairman of the 
Education and Training Committee, at St. 
Stephen's, Oxford. 




St. Aug. students interested 
in priesthood 

RALEIGH-Saint Augustine's College, as 
in the past, is continuing its mission of 
preparing students for the priesthood. These 
students plan to pursue careers in the Parish 
Ministry and Christian Education. Left to 
right; Father Ronald N. Fox, chaplain at 
Saint Augustine's College is discussing a pre- 
theological career with Michael F. Scanting, 
freshman social science major from 
Philadelphia; Benjamin E. Hardy, freshman 
economics major from Monrovia, Liberia, W. 
Africa; Himi-B. Shannon, Jr., Liberia, W. 
Africa; Austin R. Cooper, freshman, history 
and government major, Cleveland, Ohio. Not 
pictured are Don Leroy Haynes, Sr., Nassau, 
Bahamas; and Lesley Gore, Massachusetts. 

Noted Bible teacher leads 
ECW Fall Retreat 

DURHAM-Dr. Verna Dozier of 
Washington, D.C led the participants in the 
Sixth Annual ECW Seminar in an exciting 
and provocative study of the Gospel of St. 
Luke, the liturgical gospel for 1980. 

The Seminar was held October 22-24 at 
Quail Roost Conference Center. The Rev. 
King Cole, Rector of St. Andrew's Church in 
Morehead City, served as Chaplain. 

One of the Church's outstanding Bible 
teachers, Dr. Dozier concentrated on the 
parables found only in Luke's gospel. 

According to Dozier, St. Luke presented 
Jesus as a graceful, winsome person, one 
who fulfilled Jewish law and tradition. She 
called Luke's account "the Gospel of Prayer, 
the Gospel of the Holy Spirit, and the 
Gospel of the Poor." 

Proof of the excitement and respect elicited 
by Dr. Dozier's teaching skill was the 
churchwomen's unanimous decision to invite 
her to return for both the 1980 and 1981 
i invitation she has accepted. 



Orr named to national Red 
Cross board 

WASHINGTON, D.C.-Distinguished 
educator Dr. Charles Orr, who has nearly 
three decades of Red Cross volunteer service 
to his credit, was recently named to the 
American Red Cross board of governors. Orr 
is a long-time member of St. Titus's 
Episcopal Church in Durham, N.C. 

Orr, currently professor of education at 
North Carolina Central University, Durham, 
N.C, served 13 years on the board of 
directors of the Madison County chapter, 
Huntsville, Ala., and 12 years on the 
Durham County chapter board, for three of 
those years holding the job of chapter 
chairman. 



world and 
national 



Beckham consecrated in 
Columbia, S.C. 



COLUMBIA, S.C.-William Arthur 
Beckham was consecrated sixth bishop of 
the Episcopal Diocese of Upper South - 
Carolina Friday, Oct. 5, during a service 
beginning at 10:30 a.m. at Trinity Cathedral 
here. 

The 52-year old bishop has served the 
Upper S.C. Diocese as archdeacon since 
1964. He succeeds the Rt. Rev. George M. 
Alexander, 65, who has been spiritual leader 
of the diocese since 1973 and is retiring 
chiefly because of health problems. 

In a ceremony steeped in ancient tradition, 
pageantry and solemnity, the new bishop 
was consecrated by the Rt. Rev. John M. 
Allin, Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal 
Church. Co-consecrators were Bishop 
Alexander, the Rt. Rev. William E. Sanders, 
Tennessee; the Rt. Rev. (ret.) Ralph S. Dean, 
Cariboo, and the Rt. Rev. Luc A.J. Gamier, 
Haiti. The Rt. Rev. Gray Temple delivered 
the sermon. 

Bishop Beckham is a native of Columbia, 
a graduate of the University of S.C. and of 
the Virginia Theological Seminary. In 1948 
he was married to Harriet Wingate, also of 
Columbia, and they have four children. 

Benefactor sought for 1979 
Prayer Book 

NEW YORK— Anyone have about 
'180,000 and want to link his or her name 
with the J. P. Morgans, Sr. and Jr.? These 
two men financed the production of the 
1892 and 1928 editions, respectively, of the 
Standard Book of Common Prayer of the 
Episcopal Church, and now the Rev. Canon 
Charles M. Guilbert, Custodian, is seeking a 
benefactor or benefactors for the 1979 
edition. 

Now that the General Convention has 
approved the new Prayer Book, the canons 
require that Canon Guilbert print and bind a 
new Standard Book, which is the standard - 
on which all other copies are based. Tem- 
porarily, he is using a red French morocco 
bound, Chancel edition, published by the 
Oxford University Press, as the Standard 
Book. 

The regular Standard Book will be 14" x 
16" in size, use hand set type, and be printed 
on vellum paper, soaked overnight and fed 
one piece at a time into the press. Then, 
with a slightly lower grade of hand-made rag 
paper, additional copies will be printed, one 
each for the 115 dioceses in the Episcopal 

The Standard Books have been stored in a 
temperature and humidity controlled vault at 
the national church archives in Austin, 
Texas, and Canon Guilbert, Custodian of the 
Standard Book since 1963, expects to store 
the new one there also. 

The Standard Book is used at the in- 
stallation of the Presiding Bishop, but 
otherwise is rarely on display. The 1892 
Book is bound in leather, embossed with 
sterling silver. The 1928 Book is less 
elaborate. Plans for the 1979 edition are not 
complete yet. 



Orr presently chairs the advisory council of 
the southeastern field office, Atlanta, Ga.; 
the council guides Red Cross operations in 
the ten southeastern states. 

The Communicant has received notice 
of the following changes of cures: 

The Rev. John R. Chisholm:From the 

Diocese of Pennsylvania (Retired), to 

Supply Priest, St. David's Church, 

Laurinburg. 
The Rev. Ronald N. Fox:From the 

Diocese of Central Florida, to Chaplain, St. 

Augustine's College, Raleigh. 
The Rev. Robert H. Malm:From 

Assistant to the Rector, St. Mary's Church, 

High Point, to the Diocese of Virginia. 



calendar 



CE EEHg Eg] 



M T W T 

1 J 
f 8 9 10 
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30 



26— Newspaper DeadHnerDeadline for 

December issue of The Communicant. 
27— North Carolina Council of 

Churches:Executive Board Meeting 

10:30 a.m. 

—Standing Committee:Standing 

Committee meeting, 11:00 a.m. 
29— New Clergy Orientatlon:New 

Clergy Orientation at the Diocesan House, 

10:00 a.m. 
30— National Institute for Lay 

Trainlng:Training for Ministry meeting, 

Holy Trinity, Greensboro, 7:00 p.m. 

through December 2. 



jmnmnESj] 



M T W T 



9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 31 



1— ECW:Complete payment on 1979 

pledge and return 1980 pledge card. 
4— Northwest Convocation:Northwest 

Convocation meeting at 10:00 a.m. 
5— Charlotte Fellowship:Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

Christ Church, 12:30 p.m. 
7— Penick Home:Penick Home Board of 

Directors meeting. 
10-ECW:ECW deadline for Church 

Periodical Club Book Fund. 
14 — Mission Strategy Com- 

mittee:Mission Strategy Committee 

meets at St. Luke's, Durham, 1:00 p.m. 

—Small Church Conference:Dr. Carl 

Dudley, author of Making Small Churches 

Effective, leads conference for small 

congregations, St. Luke's, Durham, 7:30 

p.m. through 12/15/79. 
15— Mission Deadline: Mission budgets 

and canvass results due in Archdeacon's 

office. 
17— Northeast Convocation:Northeast 

Convocation Clericus meets at Good 

Shepherd, Rocky Mount, 10:30 a.m. 
18— Standing Committee:Standing 

Committee meeting (tentative), 11:00 a.m. 
19— Charlotte Clericus:Charlotte 

Clericus meets at 12:30 p.m. 
24— Diocesan House:Diocesan House 

closed for Christmas holiday through 

12/26/79. 
26— Winterlight IV:Young People's 

Conference, Kanuga, through 12/30/79. 
31— Newspaper Deadline:Deadline for 

January issue of The Communicant. 



Page2-The Communicant-November, 1979 



Requiescat 



The Rev. Howard Bruce Shepherd, 

65, o£ 1110 Amette Ave, Durham, the 
Episcopal chaplain for Duke University and 
Duke Medical Center, died October 10 at 
Duke Medical Center, after a long illness. 

He was a native of Lexington, Ky., and 
had lived in Durham for the past 15 years. 

The funeral was held in Duke University 
Chapel by the Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser. 

Surviving are an adopted son, William C. 
Shepherd of New Orleans; and a brother, 
Burwell Keith Shepherd of Hopkinsville, Ky. 

Pallbearers were James O. May, Jr., Dean 
Richard L. Cox, Dr. Patrick D. Kenan, Dr. 
Ernest Elsevier, Dr. Blaine S. Nashold, 
Steven Woodward, Nicholas Roe and John 
Rutledge. 

Instead of flowers, Mr. Shepherd 
requested that contributions be made to the 
Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, for the 
Diocesan Camp and Conference Center, P. 
O. Box 17025, Raleigh, N.C. 27619. 



Funeral services for the Rev. William 
Henry Ross Jackson, 77, were con- 
ducted Oct. 19 at St. Mark's Episcopal 
Church, Roxboro, by the Rt. Rev. Thomas 
A. Fraser, assisted by the Rev. Bob 
Hamilton and the Rev. Robert C. Baird. 
Burial was in Burchwood Cemetery. 

A resident of Younger Road, Roxboro, he 
died Oct. 17 at Person County Memorial 
Hospital, where he had been a patient for 
three weeks. 

A former rector of the Church of the Holy 
Cross in Aurora and priest-in-charge of St. 
James Church in Ayden, he served as 
chaplain of the 30th infantry division from 
1940-46, and as chaplain for the N.C. 
Prison Department from 1946-67. 

He served as priest-in-charge of St. Luke's 
Episcopal Church in Yanceyville, Christ 
Church in Milton and St. Mark's Episcopal 
Church in Roxboro from 1967-74. 

Surviving are his widow, Vertie Moore 
Jackson; two sons, Harvey Ross Jackson of 
Buffalo, N.Y., and William Moore Jackson 
of Tryon; and five grandchildren. 

Pallbearers were Joe Moore, Landon 
Moore, Carl Stonbraker, Bob Wade, John 
Wade, Jr., Bob Stovall, Mickey Clayton and 
John Winslow. 

Memorial contributions may be made to 
Person County Memorial Hospital. 



The Rev. Herbert Carlyle Gravely, 

recently the interim rector for Emmanuel 
Episcopal Church in Southern Pines, died 
suddenly September 24, of a heart attack 
while playing golf in Pinehurst. He was 58. 

Memorial services were held at Trinity 
Episcopal Church, Myrtle Beach, S.C. and 
Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Southern 
Pines. 

The Rev. Mr. Gravely was in Southern 
Pines for the induction of Emmanuel 
Church's new rector, the Rev. Nicholson B. 
White. 

Surviving are his wife, Mary Jeane Ripley 
Gravely; four sons, David Ripley Gravely of 
Myrtle Beach, Herbert Carlyle Gravely, HI, of 
Newport News, Marshall J. Gravely of 
Asheville and Peter C. Gravely, a student at 
N.C. State University; and one daughter, 
Mrs. Cynthia G. Morse of New Orleans. 

Also surviving are a brother, William 
Gravely of Washington, N.C, two sisters, 
Mrs. Edgar McGrath and Mrs. George 
Taylor, also of Washington, and four 
grandchildren. 

The Rev. Mr. Gravely ministered to 
parishes in Grifton and Eden in this state 
and Myrtle Beach, S.C. before becoming a 
consultant to parish and mission 
development in South Carolina, based from 
Kingstree. More recently, he served as in- 
terim minister in Asheville and Southern 
Pines. 

The Rev. Mr. Gravely was active on the 
board of the Episcopal Church Home for 
Children in York, S.C. to which memorials 
may be given. 



Runcie is next Archbishop of Canterbury 



LONDON— The Rt. Rev. Robert 
Runcie, Bishop of St. Albans, is to be 
the Archbishop of Canterbury and 
Primate of All England in succession to 
Dr. Donald Coggan who retires on 
January 25, 1980. 

Although he felt "terrified and 
helpless" at his appointment, the Ar- 
chbishop-elect told a packed press 
conference in Church House, London, 
soon after the announcement, that he 
regarded his new calling as the will of 
God. And in spite of his trepidation he 
says he should "enjoy" his new job. 

Bishop Runcie is the first Archbishop 
of Canterbury to have been chosen by 
representatives of the Church of 
England rather than by the Prime 
Minister. His name was one of two 
forwarded to the Prime Minister by the 
Crown Appointments Commissions - 
composed of representatives of the 
bishops, clergy and laity of the Church 
of England- -under the new procedure for 
the election of the Archbishop laid down 
about two years ago. 

In accordance with constitutional 
practice, Bishop Runcie was formally 
noiminated by the Queen on the advice 
of the Prime Minister for election by the 
Dean and Chapter of Canterbury. 

Expressing his thoughts on his role in 
national life, Bishop Runcie told the 
press conference: "The Archbishop can 
no longer assume that he will be heard 
and heeded as of right on the great 
issues of national life. But he must 
comment and if he is to speak ef- 
fectively, he must make sure he sees a 
wide cross-section of people both from 
outside and inside the Christian 
Church." He announced his intention to 
create around him an effective team of 
people "so that when I speak I am not a 
platitude machine." 

Referring to his role in the worldwide 
Anglican Communion, the Primate- 
designate said he saw it not in terms of a 
"papal style of leadership," which was 
alien to the Anglican ethos, but as one 
based on "the closest consultation 
between leaders of the Anglican 
Churches." 

Making an unequivocal commitment 
to Christian unity, Bishop Runcie 
reminded his audience that as co- 
chairman- of the Anglican -Orthodox 
Joint Doctrinal Commission for the last 
six years he had been "very concerned 
with ecumenical relations." Bishop 
Runcie, who recently toured several East 
European countries to visit Orthodox 
patriarchs, expressed the hope that he 
would soon have the opportunity to 




The Rt. Rev. 
meet the Pope. He was equally anxious 
to achieve unity with Protestant 
churches, he said. 

He said that on balance he was 
against the ordination of women for the 
present. The issue, he said, "called for 
deeper theological reflection and a 
greater consensus than had so far been 
achieved." 

Asked to define his theological 
position in the Church of England, he 
said he was usually described as 
"moderate" and although old labels were 
now outdated, he would, if pressed, call 
himself a "radical Catholic." 

He criticized liberal theological works 
such as Honest to God and The Myth of 
God Incarnate because of what he 
described as "their negative approach to 
the central tenets of the Christian faith." 
On those central tenets he said he would 
call himself a conservative. 

Bishop Runcie warned the Church 
against dangers on two fronts. "There 



Robert C Runcie 

are signs that a ghetto-minded Church 
may be emerging. There are contrary 
signs of the emergence of a Church that 
is just the echo of fashionable trends. 
Both these must be resisted.... The 
ghetto Church is getting out of touch 
with the mainstream of national ife and 
thought... but there is no wisdom in the 
Church becoming the dull echo of 
fashionable liberal notions.... We cannot 
be radical unless we are rooted in the 
tradition." 

Bishop Runcie, who is 57 and married 
with two children, has a distinguished 
academic career at Oxford and 
Cambridge and was awarded the MC for 
bravery in the Second World War. He 
spent ten years as principal of Cud- 
desdon College before becoming Bishop 
of St. Albans in 1970. 

His recreations are travel, reading 
novels - especially Iris Murdoch and P. 
G. Wodehouse - and keeping pigs. 



Churches asked to aid in Cambodian crisis 



NEW YORK (DPS)-Presiding 
Bishop John M. Allin has issued a call 
for Episcopalians to help battle a threat 
of starvation that looms over 2.5 million 
Cambodians. 

At the urgent request of the Rev. J. 
Fletcher Lowe, chairman of the 
Church's Hunger Committee and the 
staff of the Presiding Bishop's Fund for 
World Relief, Bishop Allin has sent a 
mailgram to all diocesan bishops of the 
church asking them to enjoin their 
Congregations to contribute to the 
Fund's effort to aid a massive in- 
ternational relief effort that is being 
mounted. 

Bishop Allin vowed that "the Fund will 
work with the appropriate international 
agencies to assure responsible, direct 
delivery of aid to our brothers and sisters 
in need." UNICEF, the International Red 
Cross and OXFAM are attempting to 
raise more than $ 100 million for the 



relief campaign. 

In his mailgram, Bishop Allin pointed 
out that the Fund had sent 40,000 in 
emergency aid to Cambodia two months 
ago before the dimensions of the crisis 
were fully known. 

The recent civil war there devastated 
the economy and left the country unable 
to feed its people for at least six months 
until a crop can be brought in. Experts 
estimate that it will take at least 
180,000 tons of food just to maintain a 
subsistence diet for the 2.5 million 
directly affected. In addition, medical 
supplies, agricultural equipment and 
food delivery systems will be needed. 

Persons who wish to contribute to this 
campaign should send their con- 
tributions to the Presiding Bishop's Fund 
for World Relief, the Episcopal Church 
Center, 815 Second Avenue, New 
York, N.Y. 10017. Checks should be 
designated "For Cambodian Relief." 



w ., 




The Communicant-November. 1 ' 




editorial 



That the election of a Coadjutor marks the beginning of a new era 
in the life of the Church c be seen by the general tentativeness 
which is noticeble throughout the Diocese at the moment, the sense 
that people are waiting for the arrival of the Coadjutor-elect, and 
holding a place for him in their plans for the future. You feel it 
everywhere, at Council meetings and Sunday morning coffee hours, 
in the parish house as well as the Diocesan House. This is as it 
should be, as the flock makes ready to welcome another shepherd. 

Being a bishop these days is no easy task, judging by the care- 
worn faces and the high incidence of heart trouble among those who 
wear the purple. Serious observers of the House of Bishops count 
few truly happy men among its members— few whose resources 
seem adequate to the task of presiding over the Church in a time of 
radical social change. 

Bishop Fraser realized as much when he issued his initial call for 
episcopal assistance in 1977, and in the nearly three years and two 
elections it has taken to fulfill that request, speculation about the 
day and the hour of his retirement has become a principle topic of 
discussion. 

No doubt he will, in the fullness of time, come to his own decision 
on this matter. Meanwhile, there is much to be done — in a diocese 
which, though on a sound financial and administrative footing, is not 
yet all it should be; in a Province which still enjoys a reputation for 
benighted zeal; and in a national church in which bold and 
imaginative leaders are a seriously endangered species. 

No, there is no shortage of tasks if the sheep are to be fed from 
Laurinburg to Statesville — there is work aplenty for two bishops, and 
continuing preoccupation with 'the day and the hour' fails to take 
seriously the simple fact that God has seen fit at present to equip 
his saints with two shepherds. In this season of thanksgiving, that is 
one thing we can be thankful for. And two we can pray for. CWB 



sharing silently 



By the Rev. Grahame Butler-Nixon 

Ashville— Trinity Church's recent day 
of worship with our deaf friends and 
Rosemary Crow's moving song about 
the beauty of "dancing fingers" in silent 
worship, gives us occasion to think 
about silence as a positive and creative 
thing. 

There is the kind of silence that can 
be a barrier to communication, as we 
experienced so poignantly during our 
recent "Deaf Awareness Day," but 
there is also the kind of silence that is 
full of power and meaning, giving full 
rein to the imagination and reflection, 
without all the distraction of noise that 
fills the lives of most of us. I think we 
all experienced something of that 
power, too, as people whose silence is 
forced upon them let the rest of us see 
how it can be used so positively. 

Jesus was often silent, and his 
silence could be so much more potent 
than speech. When the woman of 
Canaan cried after him, "He answered 
her not a word"— both he and she 
needed time to become aware of one 



another, before any answer in words 
could really address her problem. 

He forgives in silence: his silent look 
when Peter denied him was just too 
much for Peter — far more powerful 
than any words — and it brought Peter 
to the beginning of his redemption. 

He prayed alone, in silence, with- 
drawing from the "coming and going" 
of a busy and clamoring world, to give 
his own thoughts room to take shape, 
and to give his heavenly Father space 
and time to fill his mind and heart. 

There is a profoundly holy silence 
which most of us find terribly hard to 
experience, yet it lies at the heart of 
our Christian pilgrimage through the 
uproar of this world. Our deaf friends 
show us how silence can be turned 
from affliction into power. Let us give 
thanks, to them and for them, and try 
to give our Lord a better entrance into 
our lives, in the silence. 

Sharing Silently appears regularly in 
The Communicant as an aid to 
communication between deaf and 
hearing communicants in the Episcopal 
Diocese of North Carolina. 



The COMMUN ICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

P.O.Box 17025. Raleigh. N.C. 27619 919 787 6313 
Editor: Christopher Walters Bugbee 
Art Director: Dani Bayley 
Production Assistant: Polly Downward 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392 580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 



Second class postage p 
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letters. 




Sin and Sexuality 

Dear Editor: 

The Church is the Body of Jesus 
Christ, in whom there is no sin. -The 
work of the Church is to redeem 
mankind from sin; not to condone it. 
There are no homosexuals or lesbians 
among dumb animals. Jesus Christ 
died for your sins, and there is 
deliverance for you. 

Leviticus Chapter 20:13 — Romans 
Chapter 1 — please read. It will tell you 
all you need to know. 

No — when one of you pass on (the 
two that have lived together 29 years) 
you won't have the comfort of the 
Church. Do you think you are worthy 
of it? God is soon to send His Son 
back for the Church and only those 
who have washed their robes in the 
blood of the Lamb will be going back 
with him. How can you say you are 
committed Christians? As you read 
Leviticus 20:13 and Romans Chapter 
1; you will find that those who commit 
such an act are worthy of death. 

It is time for the Episcopal Church to 
wake up to the fact that we should be 
walking before God in holiness and 
righteousness every day we live. 

I would like to know how could an 
ordained homosexual or lesbian stand 



before a group of sinners and point 
them to Jesus Christ and tell them of 
His saving grace. Can they say they 
have been bom again, their sins have 
been washed away through the blood 
of Jesus Christ? 

. Sincerely, 

Marie P. Willard 

Eden, N.C. 



Distressed 
by Denver 



Dear Editor: 

I see by The Communicant that the 
Convention in Denver endorsed the 
Equal Rights Amendment and opposed 
the death penalty. Also that a lobby 
will be set up in Washington to achieve 
these goals. 

With so much strong and divergent 
opinion among people about these 
issues I wonder how these actions 
could be taken. I am sure that there 
are many people like myself who will 
be extremely distressed. 

Sincerely, 
Mrs. William Wright Jones 
Raleigh, N.C. [ 



Cartoon 
confrontation 

Dear Editor: 

Religious institutions 
and customs, as Jesus 
showed, must be 
confronted. They must 
have held before them 
the divine mission they 
bear and not be allowed 
to drift with worldly 
opinion and tide. 

Since I feel so strongly 
about the action taken at 
the General Convention 
in Denver I feel I must 
protest. This cartoon 
expresses my view better 
than a letter to the 
editor. I hope The 
Communicant has space 
for a divergent point of 
view. 

Sincerely, 

George Kirzinger 

Madison, N.C. 




A worded "IT IS lNWPROPWWt./* ^ - 

\fT\i MMm 



Page4-The Communicant-November, 1979 



The Klan: We, too, are responsible 



By the Rt. Rev. Furman Stough, 
Bishop of Alabama 

The following letter was written by 
Bishop Stough in response to a 
resurgence of activity on the part of 
the Ku Klux Klan in Alabama this past 
summer. Recently, both the KKK and 
the National Socialist Party (Nazi) have 
been active in communities across 
North Carolina as well, and Bishop 
Stough's remarks speak equally for- 
cefully to North Carolinians. 

"Grace be unto you and peace from 
God our Father and the Lord Jesus 
Christ.'' (Phil. 1:2) 

Many people in Alabama are ex- 
pressing distress, shock and a sense of 
helplessness at the new outbreaks of 
racial violence throughout the State 
this past summer. They are also 
deeply concerned about the escalating 
level of violence in our society as a 
whole. Physical brutality and suffering 
are certainly a part of violence, but 
violence also includes those attitudes 
and conditions which preclude and 
deny the right of any person or group 
to live under God in spiritual, in- 
tellectual and political freedom. 
Violence is a state of mind as well as a 
physical freedom. Violence of the mind 
and of the spirit destroys humanity as 
surely as does physical violence. 

The Ku Klux Klan is felt to be only 
an embarrassing part of history, best 
buried and forgotten. The resurgence 
of the Klan during these past few 
months should remind us that the evils 
against which humankind contends are 
not the forces of nature. The evils with 
which we are engaged in constant 
battle are those principalities and 
powers that rule the dark crevices of 
the human heart. It is these demons 
within us which refuse to acknowledge 
the "gracious Light" of Jesus. 

The present incidents of violence are 
new, but the racism causing them is 
still very much a part of the fabric of 
our society -- the underlying causes of 
racial violence are not things of the 
past. We, who belong to Jesus, must 
go beyond simply rejecting the evil of 
racism. We must confront and banish 
the underlying causes of this evil. "It is 
He who is our peace and who has 
made the two of us one by breaking 
down the dividing wall of hostility." 
(Ephesians 2:14) Being in Christ 
annuls the divisive power of sex, race, 
class or wealth. 

If we feel shock and helplessness, it 
may be because we are running away 
from ourselves -- from our own history 
and our responsibility in helping to 
shape that history. Unless we accept 
our share of responsibility for that 
history, we cannot be free of sin 
because we cannot repent and accept 
forgiveness. 

Less than twenty-five years ago 
segregation was both entrenched and 
legal in the State where we now live. 
Victims of this stucture who could not 
vote, could not work, could not use a 
library or go to a university are not 
objects of a distant history - many are 
still in their twenties and thirties. Some 
of the institutions of our church and of 
this Diocese were once segregated. Yet 
one has the impression that we believe 
we were not around when these things 
existed, or that we were on the side of 
the angels. What do we tell our 
children? 

Another form of denial is 
scapegoating. Much is made of the 
Klan's seeming lower working class 
origins, as if this removed them from 




^•^fe. 




the enlightened reality of our 1970's. 
Dumping the sins of our all-too- 
imperfect society on the heads of a 
few Klan members, however, will do 
nothing to avail us of the power of the 
Spirit. 

Klan members, to some extent, 
seem to be marginally employed people 
who have wholeheartedly converted to 
our society's religion of materialism. 
Contentment, respect, and self- 
fulfillment through ever increasing 
consumption are promised. But, that 



same religion refuses to deliver to them 
the employment that could supposedly 
satisfy these goals. Hence, Klan 
members feel betrayed by society. 
Nonetheless, they are racists. They are 
wrong. There is no ultimate 
justification for any Christian, either to 
belong to, or support in any fashion a 
movement which is so bound to a 
tradition of exploiting fear and hatred. 

What can we do? If we can stop 
automatically assigning depravity to 
others and locate even one tiny speck 



Laughter from the pew 



Dack in the good old days, 
when Vade Mecum was still running 
strong, a young priest with Anglo- 
Catholic pretensions and Episcopal 
aspirations came one summer to run 
one of the children's camp. He was a 
real pain in the neck, insisting on 
'solemn high masses' for children who 
couldn't even receive the sacraments, 
and chanting everything from Evening 
Prayer to the announcements over the 
loudspeaker. Someone even heard him 
exclaim in pious glee, "I think the 
Eucharist is neaty keen." 

Some nearly grown-up staff 
members at the camp decided that this 
was one priest who needed to be 
brought a bit closer to earth, so as a 
group they attended one of his daily 
Evensong services in the chapel. When 
it cam time for the Ferial Responses 
(no. 601), here's what happened: 



Priest (in unctuous tones): "The 
Lord be with you." 

Congregation: "And with they 
Spirit." 

Priest: "Let us pra-ay." 
Congregation: "Oka-ay." 
That fixed him. And to my 
knowledge, he never became a bishop. 
The Rev. Wilson Carter, 
Lexington, N.C. 

Iwo young men, an 
Englishman and an Australian, at- 
tended the same seminary in England 
to prepare for the priesthood. As 
classmates they soon became fast 
friends. Ultimately, each became an 
archbishop. 

They met for the first time after a 
lapse of 25 years. In the interim, the 
English archbishop had become so 
obese that the Australian scarcely 



of it in ourselves, in our parish, in our 
neighborhood we will grow. In this way 
we can receive forgiveness and the 
Spirit will restore our newness in 
Christ and give us power to establish 
peace. 

It is not easy. The issues today are 
far from clear. But we can begin by 
being people in the peace of Christ. 

I would like to make some practical 
suggestions: 

1. Pray for an orderly society that 
includes peace and justice, for both the 
victims of violence and the per- 
petrators of violence and for the 
recognition of Christ's Lordship. 

2. Read the Letter to the Ephesians. 
It tells us what the Lord provides a 
Christian who is striving to live out 
justice and peace. 

3. Commend those governmental 
officials who have worked at some 
political and personal risk to insure the 
fruits of democracy to all regardless of 
their status in the community. 

4. Rehearse our history as God's 
people and as Americans and 
Southerners - it is good and it is evil. 
This is a family affair. Telling "who we 
are" always includes the children. How 
many white children know who Harriet 
Tubman was? How many black 
Alabamians know the roles played by 
white Southerners in the underground 
railway or in the Civil Rights 
Movements of the fifties and sixties? 

5. Celebrate baptism and con- 
firmation sensitively in the parishes to 
affirm the candidates and to all that 
these sacraments proclaim the unity of 
God's people and entitle each Christian 
to grow beyond ego, sex, class and 
race. 

6. The Special Committee of 
Concerned Citizens of Selma is a 
vehicle used successfully by both races 
to confront problems of racism and 
inequity before explosions occur. 
Could you help begin one or support 
one that is in your community? 

God's Spirit will give us purpose and 
power. We can accept who we are and 
go from there. We do not have to feel 
stunned or powerless or blame others. 
If the world at times seems mad and 
confused, our God is not. We an- 
ticipate that in the fullness of time, He 
will put all things in subjection under 
His Christ, and bring us to that 
heavenly country where, with all His 
saints, we may enter the everlasting 
heritage of His sons and daughters; 
through Jesus Christ our Lord, the 
firstborn of all creation, the head of the 
Church, and the author of our 
salvation. 



recognized him. As they shook hands, 
he looked at his fat friend and said, "I 
don't know whether to say, 'My Lord,' 
or 'My God!'" MK . m 

Raleigh, N.C. 

During our five-month search for a 
Coadjutor, The Communicant asked 
its readers to send in their favorite 
"bishop jokes' and anecdotes. The best 
submissions have been appearing 
regularly in this space for the last few 
issues. 

With the election of our new 
Coadjutor, this feature comes to an 
end. We hope you have enjoyed a 
laugh or two. And we urge you to 
continue sending in funny stories 
which tell us something about our- 
selves and our Church, for inclusion in 
upcoming editions of "Laughter from 
the pew". 



The Communicant-November. 1979-Page 5 



Estill elected in two ballots 



Continued from page 1 
of the convention to talk briefly, by 
telephone, with the Coadjutor-elect. 
Fraser returned to tell the delegates 
that Estill had accepted his election. "I 
know that we will graciously receive 
him when he comes, but if we could 
give him a little peace and quiet in the 
busy days which lie ahead, I'm sure 
that would be extremely helpful," 
Fraser noted. 

Noting the approach of Advent and 
Christmas, Fraser suggested that it 
was unlikely that the Coadjutor-elect 
would report to work before early 
January. Consecration is expected to 
take place in Duke University Chapel 
on Saturday, March 15, providing all 
the canonically required consents have 
been received from bishops and 
standing committees by that time. 

As Bishop Coadjutor, Estill will 
assist Bishop Fraser and eventually 
succeed him as North Carolina's ninth 
diocesan bishop. He will be initially 
responsible for the 52 mission 
churches of the Diocese, an assign- 
ment which, according to Fraser, 
"includes the deployment and pastoral 
care of mission clergy, and the 
evangelism, stewardship, education, 
training, and the long-range planning of 
these congregations." 

Mission churches have already 



captured the interest of the Coadjutor- 
elect, who announced that he was 
"both pleased and excited with the 
many possibilities" of his assigned 
jurisdiction. 

Bishop Fraser expressed a similar 
enthusiasm in comments made after 
the convention had adjourned. "I think 
he and I will have a very happy and 
constructive ministry together," Fraser 
noted. "He is a very able person, and 
he is also a warm, loving and very 
caring person." 

Fraser had originally called for the 
election of a Coadjutor in January, 

1977, citing "the growth of the diocese 
and the extent and challenge of its 
work." After a special convention 
deadlocked without an election in May, 

1978, Fraser repreated his call before 
the Diocesan Convention in Raleigh 
last January. 

This is Estill's second run for the 
purple in this Diocese. Twelve years 
ago Estill was one of 13 passed over in 
an election which saw the Rev. 
Moultrie Moore elected Suffragan 
Bishop of North Carolina. 

Bom and reared in Lexington, Ky., 
Estill, 52, served in the U.S. Navy, 
graduated from the University of 
Kentucky and the Episcopal Divinity 
School. He was ordained deacon in 



H 




Delegates register before the 9 a.m. eucharist and the start of the Special Convention at St. 
Paul's Church, Winston-Salem on Friday, Nov. 2. 




Rod Reinecke, doughnut- 
fancier and Rector, Holy 
Comforter, Burlington. 






ECW Past President Scott 
Evans, delegate. 



Jacob Froelich, Jr., 
member of the Nominating 
Committee and delegate. 




1952 and priest in 1953. He holds a 
Masters in Sacred Theology from the 
University of the South and a Doc- 
torate in Ministry jointly awarded by 
Vanderbilt University and the 
University of the South. After 
beginning his ordained ministry as 
Rector of St. Mary's, Middlesboro, 
Kentucky, from 1952-1955, Estill 
served as Rector of Christ Church, 
Lexington, Ky., from 1955-1964, and 
Dean of Christ Church Cathedral, 
Louisville, Ky., from 1964-1969. 

In 1969 he was called to be Rector 
of St. Alban's Church, Washington, 
D.C. After four years at St. Alban's, he 
served as Director of Continuing 
Education at the Virginia Theological 
Seminary from 1973-1976, when he 
accepted the call to St. Michael and All 
Angels in Dallas. 

He is a member of the Standing 
Liturgical Commission of the 
Episcopal Church and a member of the 
General Board of Examining 
Chaplains. From 1960-1966 he served, 
as Chairman of the Commission on 
Human Rights of the State of Ken- 
tucky and from 1964-1966 he directed 
the Lay School of Theology at the 
University of the South. He is married 
to the former Joyce Haynes and they 
have three children. 




The Chancellor of the Diocese, Al 
Purrington, Jr., enjoys a few minutes of 
conversation before Convention's opening 
business session. 



All photos 

by 
Nick White 




Bishop Fraser delivers the homily at the 
Convention eucharist early Friday morning. 




Many delegates substituted coffee and doughnuts for breakfast, as they awaited the beginning 
of the balloting for a new Coadjutor. 



The Rev. William P. Price, Rector of St. Mary's, High Point and Chairman of the Coadjutor 
Nominating Committee, presents the committee's Proposed Rules of Order. 



Page6-The Communicant-November, 1979 





After the results of the election were announced following the second ballot, delegates remained behind to sign the certificates which are 
required by canon, attesting to the election of the Rev. Robert W. Estill, Rector, Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Dallas, as Coadjutor of 
the Diocese of North Carolina. 





John Covell, Chairman of the host church's 
Hospitality Committee, welcomes the 
assembled delegates to St. Paul's Church. 



Delegates stand to sing the Doxology in response to Bishop Fraser's announcement of the 
second-ballot election. 




'he Rev. Charles L. Smith, Priest-in-Charge, Church of 
te Epiphany, Rocky Mount, makes a nominating 
jeech on behalf of the Rev. Franklin D. Turner. 



Al Purrington, Jr., Chancellor of the 
Diocese calls the Coadjutor-elect to of- 
ficially notify him of his election and to 
offer his congratulations. 



With a tap of the gavel, Bishop Fraser signals that the Special Convention is adjourned, its 
work competed with the election of North Carolina's eighth coadjutor. 



The Communicant-November, 1979-P age 7 



M Tiage Encounter improves communication skills 



ByMaryEstes 

Ginny and Bill Herring were living in 
New York State with four children under 
6 when they heard about Episcopal 
Marriage Encounter. 

They had the basic ingredients of a 
good marriage, said Mrs. Herring, 34. 
"But, well, there were things that could 
be better." 

The Herrings moved to Charlotte last 
spring. They have five children now and 
live in north Charlotte near the IBM 
headquarters where Bill, 45, is a 
programmer. 

"I think we both harbored unspoken 
thoughts that perhaps there was 
something wrong. We just wouldn't 
admit it," she said. 

So when an encountered couple 
visited their Episcopal parish in 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., and told them the 
weekend would improve their com- 
munications, they wanted to know 
more. 

If nothing else, it would be much- 
needed time alone without the pressures 
of children. And, said Mrs. Herring, "a 
friend told us it might help us deal with 
the children." 

But she saw a red flag, too. Con- 
fronting certain truths about yourself 
and your marriage has frightening 
aspects. 

"I felt like something might get into my 
head I didn't want there. I didn't want to 
rock the boat," she said. 

Herring, 45, was less reluctant. "I 
wanted to go. I was convinced I was 
already open to Ginny, but I wasn't sure 
she was being open with me." 

Mrs. Herring, on the other hand, saw 
herself as communicating well. "Bill 
wasn't talking to me enough." 

But they finally agreed, got a weekend 



babysitter and drove two hours to a 
Howard Johnson's in Saddlebrook, N.J. 

They entered a room of couples of all 
ages and levels of marriage, each hoping 
to improve the other's line of com- 
munication. They wanted to renew the 
intimacy and regenerate a flow of 
conversation that after many years of 
marriage was grinding to a halt. 

What they discovered, they said, was 
communicating has little to do with just 
talking things out. 

Communicating, they said, is listening 
to what the other person has to say, not 
exposing the comer of privacy that 
makes a person an individual. Another 
outcome was acceptance. 

"It helped us accept each other, and 
what happens is you end up also ac- 
cepting yourself," Herring said. 

"I realized that being open- 
communicating, that is— is a matter of 
trusting Ginny to accept me without 
defenses. It doesn't mean telling her all 
my secrets," said Herring. "It means 
getting rid of the barriers that shut me 
out." 

What was the encounter like for 
them? Said Mrs. Herring, "I was tired. It 
was long and tiring, but it was beautiful. 
Now I know how Bill feels about taking 
a long ride on his bicycle. I don't worry 
about it. I know he needs that time." 

While the encounter was satisfying, it 
had its anxious moments, as Mrs. 
Herring recalls. 

"There I sat in this room with 27 
couples, all strangers. Some looked like 
they were wealthy, elegant dressers. 
One man was an executive, well- 
dressed, white shirt, grey suit. Another 
couple wore blue jeans, long hair. 

"I remember looking at all this and 
saying 'no way someone (a leader) could 
sit up there and talk about something so 




intensely personal as marriage and have 
it mean something to all these people. 
Somebody is going to get left out.' " 

Today Mrs. Herring is convinced the 
encounter is not restrictive. "They (the 
presenting couples) don't try to hit every 
couple. They take you where you are, 
after one year of marriage or 50 years 
married, and give you something to take 
home with you." 

The presenters offered the Herrings 
and the other couples a series of 
communication exercises to practice at 
home. Gradually, the exercises become 
second nature, she said. "It was like 
learning scales so you can play a piano 
better. Now, even/time you play the 
piano, you don't sit down and play 
scales." 

One such exercise helped them ease 
the tensions over a nagging problem 
with money and how it was spent in the 
Herring home. 

Mrs. Herring, who handled the 
checkbook, had traditionally taken a 
casual view about the family income. 
She admittedly kept inaccurate records 



and spent it with a blase attitude that 
Herring resented. 

Herring, on the other hand, saw 
money as relating to his success and a 
mark of how he felt about the welfare of 
his family. Foolish spending and 
inaccurate records caused "shooting 
matches" between the two, usually 
called to a halt by silence, he said. 

Marriage encounter exercises took 
them to the root of the problem. 
Through discussion, Herring discovered 
her blase attitude was more from fear 
that disrespect for the dollar. 

"I was scared of it," she said.. Yet, 
because she was the non-working 
partner, she was forced to assume the 
responsibility. 

Marriage encounter has not solved the 
problem, but it has lessened the ten- 
sion," Herring said. "Now we attack the 
problems without walls between us." 

Since their first encounter, the 
Herrings have become trained leaders in 
the Episcopal Marriage Encounter and 
are working to establish Episcopal 
encounter weekends in the Charlotte 



Copyright 1979 by The Charlotte 

News 

Reprinted with permission of The 

Charlotte News 

Upcoming Marriage Encounter 
Weekends are scheduled for Raleigh 
(Nov.30-Dec. 2, and Feb. 22-24) and for 
Charlotte (April 11-13). For further 
information in the Raleigh area, contact 
Tom and Cindy Stillwell, 3513 Hardin 
Road, Raleigh, N.C. 27612. In Charlotte 
contact Bill and Ginny Herring, 8813 
Nottoway Drive, Charlotte, N.C. 
28213. 



Ignorance is no excuse,- 

now that the diocesan 
book store is a ready resource. 

Contact the Education/Liturgy Resource Center 
at St. Stephen's Church, Oxford, 
for the books you need at a ten percent discount. 

P.O. Box 194 
Oxford, NC 27565 

between 9 a.m. and 1p.m. daily 
919/693-5547 



Co-sponsored by St. Stephen's Church 
and the Diocesan Education and 
Training Committee. 



Harrison T. Simons, Manager. 



Page 8-The Communicant-November, 1979 





The short story which begins on 
this page introduces Parables for 
Our Times, a new feature which will 
appear from time to time in the 
pages of The Communicant. 

In a month when most of us 
eagerly anticipate Thanksgiving 
feasts with family and friends, "The 
Salvation of Zachary Baumkletterer" 
offers a thought-provoking ex- 
ploration of the problem of world 
hunger and individual responsibility. 





The Salvation of 

Zachary 
Baumkletterer 



by 
George I. Mavrodes 



XVI a ybe Zack should have said more about 
what he had decided to do, right at the 
beginning, and especially to the people at 
the office. Sometimes he thought so himself. 
But he was really a shy sort of person, not much at 
ease in talking about himself. So he said nothing about 
it (except when he prayed, of course) until people started 
asking him. 



If guess the first thing they noticed was that he 
—; j stopped bringing his lunch, buying soup and coffee 
HHJ in the cafeteria, and eating with the bunch at the 
corner table. But no one thought much of it, because 
some of the people often went out for lunch. And when 
they realized that he wasn't eating lunch at all, some of 
them thought that he was just trying to lose a little 
weight. But it was odd, because he didn't seem to be 
what you could call fat at all. And it soon became clear 
that he was getting really thin, and his face looked a 
little pinched. 



^^ bout the same time Louise Trimble, who handled 
BHjjgJ the southwestern accounts, noticed something 
B8J5?] else. On a woman she whould have noticed it 
right away, in three or four days at most, probably in 
two. But it's harder with a man, and especially with 
Zack, who always wore rather conservative, unobtrusive 
clothes. But one Monday Louise had a funny feeling 
about how Zack looked. She looked at him carefully, 
and she looked at him carefully again on Tuesday and 
Wednesday. By Friday she was quite sure of it. Zack 
had worn exactly the same trousers, jacket, shirt and tie 
all week. It wasn't as if they weren't chean — they were, 
but still it was odd, wasn't it? For she distinctly 
remembered that Zack used to wear a reasonable variety 
of clothes. 



he mentioned it to a couple of the other women, 
and they said Yes, now that she mentioned it, 
they thought he had worn the same clothes all 
week, and all of last week too, they guessed, and maybe 
the week before that. But he hadn't always done it. And 
later on one of the women mentioned it to her boyfriend 
in the accounting section. And so a thin trickle of talk 
started going through the corridors on the sixth floor, 
talk about Zachary Baumkletterer. 




George I. Mavrodes is professor of 
philosophy at the University of 
Michigan, and a contributing editor 
of The Reformed Journal. 

Copyright 1975 by The 
Reformed Journal Reprinted 
with permission from The 
Reformed Journal, October 
1975. 




The Communicant-November, 1 979-Page 9 




It's a little awkward to 
ask someone why he 
wears the same clothes 
all the time. Kids might 
do it, but grownups are 
maybe more polite. I guess it's easier to 
remark casually that you look a little thin, 
maybe you've been losing a little weight, 
have you? Anyway, that's how Tom 
Houston finally broached the subject to 
Zack, in the sixth floor men's room. And 
Zack said, Yes, he had lost some weight. 

As he said it he tightened up a little, 
because he really didn't like to talk about 
himself. But there wasn't anything in the 
whole affair that he was ashamed of 
either, and he thought he'd probably have 
to explain it sooner or later anyway. So, 
since he got along pretty well with Tom, 
he added, "It's because of the famine." 

That obviously made it as clear to Tom 
as if Zack had said it was because of the 
theory of relativity. So he went on to 
explain that there was a shortage of food 
in many parts of the world, a real famine, 
and that people were starving, actually 
starving to death in Bangladesh, in the 
Sahel of Africa, and in some other places. 
And Tom broke in to say that he knew 
all that, he could read the newspapers and 
the magazines, but there wasn't a famine 
here, for Pete's sake, was there? (He really 
did say "for Pete's sake." He knew that 
Zack was a real religious nut, so he sort of 
toned down his language when he was 
around Zack.) 

And Zack said No, there wasn't a famine 
here (though he had heard that some old 
people and some black people were pretty 
hard up). But there was a famine in other 
places, and the people in those places 
were people just as much as anyone 
around here, and so he was sending 
money for the relief of the famine abroad 
instead of spending that money on himself. 
And they went on and talked about it a 
little more until the Assistant Manager of 
Commercial Accounts came into the 
men's room, and then they broke it off and 
went back to their desks. But by that time 
Tom had a pretty good idea that the whole 
thing was connected with Zack's being a 
Christian, and he never had understood 
that too well. He added his new in- 
formation to the trickle of talk, though, 
and the trickle swelled up quite a bit and 
seeped down to the fifth floor and the 
fourth floor too. 

A lot of people around the building 
began to look at Zack in an odd way, and 
then they would look away quickly, a little 
embarrassed, if they thought he noticed 
them. It wasn't that none of them was a 
churchgoer. Many were, and they un- 
derstood giving money to charity and 
giving to church relief projects and things 
like that. Some of them had even fasted, 
as they called it, skipping a meal on a 
special day and giving the money for a 
special project in the church connected 
with the famine. And a couple of them 
even had a special sort of piggy bank on 
the dinette table. At dinner time everybody 
would put in a coin. And when these 
banks were full they were going to take 
them down to the church on a special 
Sunday, and all of the money would go to 
send wheat and rice to the famine-stricken 
areas of the world. They understood things 
like that. But none of them was getting 
thin, and none of them had sold or given 
away all of his or her clothes except for 
one complete outfit (and a pair of pajamas, 
as Zack explained somewhat sheepishly 
later on). And so they had the feeling that 
Zack was doing something they didn't 
really understand all that well. 

I he next solid piece of in 
* J formation was dug out by 

Hilary Whittaker, who was a 
real health nut and blunt 
mannered as well. When he knew that 
Tom Houston had broken the ice, he 
watched for a good chance to ask Zack 
right out what he actually was eating. Zack 
told him it was mostly beans and rice and 
potatoes (but he didn't know how to make 
anything out of them that you could really 
call a lunch, to put in a bag). When Hilary 
asked him how much, Zack told him what 
he generally had in the morning and the 
evening. Hilary had his little book of 
calorie counts and protein content and 

Page 10- The Communicant-November, 1979 



things like that, and he added it quickly. 
Then something happened to his face, and 
he added it again. He got the same an- 
swer, and he knew how thin Zack was 
getting, and he didn't add it a third time. 
Instead he said, " Do you know what 
you're doing, you idiot? That's below the 
starvation level! If you go on like that you'll 
starve to death. Actually starve, do you 
hear?" 

Zack said Yes, he knew. He'd gotten 
some books from the public library and 
added up the figures just as Hilary had. 
"But," he went on, "do you know that 
there are hundreds of thousands of people 
in the world, maybe millions, who don't eat 
any more than this day in and day out? I 
read somewhere that there are ten 
thousand dying of starvation every week. 
I'm probably the only person you've ever 
seen who was starving, but I've read that 
in Calcutta they pick up the bodies every 
morning on the streets. Starving to death 
isn't all that queer, you know. It happens 
every day." 

And Hilary opened his mouth and shut it 
and walked away. He could talk your ear 
off if he got going about health, but he 
didn't know what to say to somebody who 
knew he was starving himself and went 
right on doing it. 

John Pencewaite, in the personnel 
division, wasn't at a loss like that. He had 
a master's degree in counseling from the 
University of Michigan and he had been a 
high school counselor (not an academic 
counselor, he sometimes made a point of 
explaining) before he came here to work. 
He did not send for Zack until he did his 
own homework — looked up Zack's per- 
sonnel file, talked to a couple of people, 
thought out some alternative moves. 

"That fellow Baumkletterer is a good 
worker, damn productive," he told the 



were to cut down his own consumption 
just that much then he would be doing his , 
fair share and he could also have his fair 
share. 

Zack didn't say anything right away. He 
was a little doubtful about some of the 
figures, and he wondered if Mr. Pencewaite 
wasn't just making some of them up. But 
he really didn't know. And then it occurred 
to him that the figures and the whole line 
of thought that was being suggested were 
just irrelevant to him. 

And so he said that maybe Mr. Pen- 
cewaite was right, and he certainly hoped 
so, and he hoped that the affluent nations 
and the people in them would cut back on 
their consumption in that way. But he 
really couldn't see how that had much to 
do with him. For it seemed to him just 
about as plain as anything could be that 
people generally weren't cutting back like 
that, and so there in fact wasn't enough 
for the poorest people in the world and it 
didn't look as though there would be. And 
he believed he had to choose his own 
actions according to the actual conditions 
in the world, not according to the way the 
world would be if everyone did something 
better. 

In the actual world there were thousands 
upon thousands of people whose daily diet 
was below the starvation level, who wore 
the one and only set of clothes they had 
day in and day out and nights too, and so 
on. That was the world in which he had to 
act and to justify his acts. And if he was 
to love those people as he loved himself he 
didn't see how he could justify keeping 
more food and clothing for himself than 
they had for themselves. He couldn't see 
that he had any more right to a good 
dinner or an extra pair of pants than they 
had. So far as he could see, if he loved 
them as he loved himself he would share 



But there was famine in other places, and 
the people in those places were people just 
as much as anyone around here, and so he 
was sending money for the relief of the 
famine abroad instead of spending money 
on himself 




Assistant Dirctor. "We've made an in- 
vestment in him, recruiting him, training 
him, carrying him along here till he learned 
the ropes. There's no sense letting him go 
down the drain without a fight. I know 
something about these religious types. 
They're not all hopeless." 

When he talked about Zack he always 
called him "Baumkletterer," but when Zack 
came to his office he tried to get him on a 
first name basis right away, jollied him up 
a little, and eased into the topic at hand. 

"I can't tell you, Zack, how proud all of 
us are to have someone like you working 
here. What you've been doing in your own 
quiet way has really got a lot of us thinking 
about what's really worthwhile in life, you 
know." 

And he went on like that for a while, 
gradually suggesting that he was con- 
cerned, just a little, that a person might go 
overboard on something like this, all with 
the best will in the world. And then he 
started casually throwing out the figures he 
had worked up. What they showed was 
that if the most affluent nations would just 
cut down on their standard of living a bit, 
there would be enough for everyone. It 
wouldn't even have to be a drastic cut — 
just things like eating less meat, not using 
synthetic fertilizers on lawns and golf 
courses, driving smaller cars. They could 
still have a comfortable standard of living, 
a good life, and there would be enough for 
everyone. And he suggested that if Zack 



equally with them. And that was what he 
was trying to do, as much as he could. 

Mr. Pencewaite had taken too many 
courses in counseling to get into an 
argument with Zack. He didn't even openly 
acknowledge the clash of ideas. He just 
slid over to his first back-up plan. He'd 
been wondering, he said, if there wasn't 
some way in which Zack's concern, and 
his real vision in these things, couldn't be 
communicated more widely in the com- 
pany and the community. 

"Just for example," he said, looking up 
at the ceiling for inspiration, "maybe the 
cafeteria could start serving a No-Meat 
Special. Good nourishing food, but no 
meat. It would be low-cost, too, and if 
people wanted to contribute the money 
they saved then Fm sure the company 
would take care of passing it along to a 
UN agency for world relief." 

He went on to explain that of course 
they would want Zack's advice and 
leadership in setting up any program like 
this and in getting it across to all levels in 
the company. 

"Or I'm sure I could get you on the 
program for one of the Rotary Club 
meetings," he went on. "That would give 
you a real opening into the whole business 
and professional community around here. 
With your enthusiasm and your presen- 
tation there's no telling how big this thing 
could get. I wouldn't be surprised to see 
the Mayor get City Hall behind some sort 




of consciousness raising 

projects right across the 

whole city. And of 

course all of us whant 

to have you in on it all 

the way because of the thought you've 

given to these things and your real concern 

for what's happening. 

Mr. Pencewaite went on in that way for 
a while, and Zack said that well, sure, he'd 
be glad to help in any of those things if 
Mr. Pencewaite thought they would do any 
good. But inside he couldn't get up any 
enthusiasm for what was being suggested 
as his part in them. He really wasn't much 
of a public relations type and he didn't 
know anything special about how you 
organized a citywide project of this sort, 
and he couldn't see how he could give the 
Mayor any worthwhile advice about that. 

Mr. Pencewaite could sense that lack of 
enthusiasm, too. He judged that even if he 
did get Zack involved in some such project 
it wouldn't put an end to the primary thing 
he was doing. So he sort of tapered off, 
and they left what the next step would be 
rather vague, and Zack went back to his 
desk. 

As soon as Zack left his office, Mr. 
Pencewaite picked up the phone and called 
Zack's pastor. The Rev. Frank Westman 
appreciated Mr. Pencewaite's call. He 
explained that he had a fairly large 
congregation and naturally he couldn't 
know what was happening to every 
member all the time. Since Zack was a 
bachelor and lived alone, there was 
probably no one to notice something like 
this quickly. But it did sound serious, and 
he would try to talk to Zack soon. 



Zl ack was glad to stop in at the 
J parsonage the next evening. 
He liked and respected the 
Pastor, and he had grown 
spiritually a great deal under his strong and 
sensitive preaching. They exchanged a few 
pleasantries, and then the Pastor said 
what he had heard, and he expressed his 
concern in a kindly way. 

Zack said Yes, he was doing that, and 
he believed he was following the com- 
mands of Christ. 

"I guess there were three people, more 
than anyone else, who got me to thinking 
about this," he said to the Pastor. "And 
two of them were in our church. The first 
was Mr. Toosma. You remember him?" 

"Of course," the Pastor nodded. "The 
economist who spoke here on Layman's 
Sunday." 

"The thing I remembered most about his 
sermon," Zack said, "was his saying that 
loving our neighbors as ourselves obviously 
entailed guaranteeing our neighbors an 
income large enough to live on. I know he 
said it when he was talking about tax 
reform. But it seemed to make a lot of 
sense to me, and I thought it had to apply 
all over if it applied at all. I knew there 
were a whole lot of people in the world 
who didn't have an income large enough to 
live on. I began to wonder if I did love 
them as much as Jesus said we should. 
And what I could do to try to help them 
live." 

"But did you ever think, Zack," the 
Pastor said gently, "that maybe you're 
taking Toosma too literally? Maybe you 
need to give him a little room for rhetoric, 
and interpret him a little more reasonably. 
After all, I don't think he's starving, is he?" 

"No," said Zack, "I don't think he is 
starving. But I don't see what that has to 
do with me. What he does is his own 
affair, or maybe his and God's. I really 
mean that. I don't want to criticize him. 
But it was his argument, not his example, 
that struck me. Could I really love my 
neighbor in the Sahel, and know that he 
was starving, and then go ahead and buy a 
rump roast for myself in the A&P?" 

Zack paused, but the Pastor said 
nothing now, waiting for him to finish. So 
Zack went on. 

"The second person was John Phillip, 
the Christian editor who spoke to the 
men's fellowship a while back. He told the 
story of a Christian leader who couldn't eat 
his egg one morning when he was a guest 
in a South American home, because he 
noticed the children of the house staring at 
it. He realized that his hosts had saved the 




egg for him, but the 
children were hungry. 
And he couldn't eat the 
egg because he was 
tender-hearted. He had 
to leave it for them. And then Mr. Phillip 
suggested that when we sat down to eat 
we might try to imagine the poor and the 
hungry standing by the table, looking at 
us. And then, he said, we could send 
some money for the relief of the poor." 

And now Zack looked intensely at the 
Pastor. 

"You know,. I tried that, and I could do 
it. I really could imagine the black African 
from the Sudan, the Indian child from 
Ecuador, the starving woman from 
Bangladesh still holding her dead baby, all 
standing beside my table as I ate. And I 
thought that if they were really here I 
wouldn't eat it all myself. Yd at least share 
it equally. Of course, they weren't really 
here— only in my imagination. But they 
really do exist and they really are starving, 
this very day. They're not here. But does a 
thousand miles, or two or three, really 
make all that much difference in what we 
ought to do? 

"And then the third man was Garrett 
Hardin." 

The Pastor looked puzzled. "Who's 
that?" he asked. 

"Hardin is a biologist," Zack said. "I 
haven't ever seen him, but Fve read a little 
of his stuff and something about him. As 
well as I can get it, Hardin thinks that the 
United States and a few other countries 
are like lifeboats in a sea full of drowning 
people. If we try to take everyone in, the 
boat will be swamped and everybody will 
drown. The only thing to do is to leave 
most of the people in the water to drown. 
That way the people who are in the boat 
will have a chance to survive. So, Hardin 
says, the US can't feed the world. If we try 
it then the population growth in places like 
India will soak up everything we send and 
demand still more. Well be drained till 
there's not enough left to do any good here 
or there. The only thing to do is to let 
starvation take its toll in other places while 
we try to get our own lifeboat into some 
safe haven where maybe we can start 
over." 

The Pastor looked more doubtful than 
ever. "That sounds pretty hard-hearted to 
me," he said. "Is this man Hardin supposed 
to be a Christian?" 

"I really don't know at all," Zack replied. 
"A lot of Christians, and some other 
people too, have criticized him for being 
hard-hearted as you say, or selfish, or 
something like that. And maybe he is hard- 
hearted. I don't know. But what really 
attracted me to his thought was that he 
seemed to be more hard-headed than most 
of his critics." 

"How's that?" 

"Well, most of the people who criticize 
Hardin seem to be just assuming that of 
course we can have just about every nice 
thing there is, with only a few adjustments. 
If we just ate a little less beef and a little 
more chicken, or if we just got rid of a few 
mean people in the Department of 
Agriculture or the Dupont Company, then 
we could have a comfortable life here and 
we could eliminate poverty everywhere else 
and things would be fine all over. But 
mostly, it seems to me, they believe things 
like that just because they want to, or 
maybe they couldn't stand it to believe 
anything else. But Hardin takes seriously 
the possibility that we may really have to 
make hard and tragic choices— that there 
is going to be pain and sorrow and 
starvation no matter what we do — but that 
our choice may have a little effect on how 
much there is and on whom it will fall. It 
seemed to me that he was willing to stick 
his neck out and make a hard choice and 
acknowledge it. And I thought a Christian 
ought to try to be at least as hard-headed 
as that. So I said to myself that maybe 
Hardin is wrong in his figures. But maybe 
not. And if he's right and there aren't 
enough places in the lifeboat, then what 
side of the gunwale am I going to be on? 
In the end my own decision for myself is 
different from Hardin's, I think, but I 
learned more from him than from most 
people." 

Zack was getting a little steamed up. He 
had been pretty pale lately, but his face 
was flushed now. 



That's why I couldn't get interested in 
anything like the weekend conference on 
Alternative Life Styles that the Inter-Faith 
Coalition sponsored last month. 
Somebody was coming in overalls to 
conduct a workshop on how to live 
comfortably on *3,000 a year. But I 
already know how to live comfortably on 
$ 3,000 a year. And if I didn't know how I 
could just set a budget of three thousand 
and stick with it and I'd learn soon 
enough. But while I was living comfortably 
I'd know that around the world some of 
my neighbors were still fighting to survive 
on maybe $ 100 a year, or even less. And 
so what good would it be?" 

Zack leaned forward, hands gripping the 
chair, staring at the Pastor. For a moment 
his intensity seemed to surge out, filling the 
living room. Then he sagged back, the 
passion ebbing from his face, his hands 
relaxing. 

"Anyway," he went on, "I put the three 
of them together. The love that Toosma 
mentioned, Phillip's imagination, and 
Hardin's hard-headed lifeboat. I imagined 
myself in the lifeboat, and I looked out and 
saw my neighbors in the water. The waves 
were green, but the black heads and the 
browrt heads were everywhere in the 
waves. Maybe it was God who gave me a 
love for them— I suppose it was. The 
lifeboat bobbed up and down in the swells, 
but it was dry. But in the swells some of 
the heads would go under and then they 
would come up again, glistening wet and 
gasping. Some of them went under and did 
not come back, and after a while I knew I 
would not see those faces again. 

"Finally I made my choice. I would give 
my place in the boat to someone in the 
water, and I would see what it was like to 
swim for a while instead of sailing. If it 
rums out that Hardin is wrong after all— if 
there really is room enough in the boats- 
then if Fm still around when the others 



was why he was attracted to Hardin, 
although his choice differed from Hardin's 
in the end. 

"Well then, frankly," the Pastor con- 
tinued, "doesn't it seem to you that you 
could do the poor of the world more good 
by seeing to it that you stay in shape to 
live out your normal life and to work in the 
normal way, giving a part of your income 
over many years to the relief agencies, 
rather than giving so much now that soon 
you won't be able to work at all and may 
even die prematurely?" 

Zack looked at him and said, "I don't 
know. Do you think I could?" 

"I've got no doubt of it at all." As he said 
it he thought to himself that maybe this 
simple observation was all that Zack 
needed. But as soon as he had that 
thought he had a second one, more 
doubtful. 

"I've thought about it a lot," Zack began. 
"I thought of it myself, of course, before I 
really cut down. And people at the office 
have suggested it, and Mr. Pencewaite, 
and now you. But I still don't know. You 
see, if I died somebody would move into 
my job, and he'd leave a vacancy and 
someone would move into that, and so on. 
Maybe at the bottom of the line 
somewhere someone would get a job 
which would make the difference in his 
surviving. And if I die FH be leaving a part 
of the world's food and resources— the pari 
I'd consume if 1 lived— for someone else. 
On the other hand, maybe the poor would 
be better off if I stayed around. I really 
don't know. 

"One thing, though. I think it would be 
suspicious if the people who decided who 
should live and who should not were 
deciding about their own case, too — 
especially if they generally decided that it 
would be better for the world if they 
themselves were to live. A Christian, 
anyway, has to remember how deceitful 




"One thing, though I think it would be 
suspicious if the people who decided who 
should live and who should not were 
deciding about their own case, too— 
especially if they generally decided that it 
would be better for the world if they 
themselves were to live. A Christian, 
anyway, has to remember how deceitful and 
wicked the human heart is.... It would be 
better if there were someone else, maybe in 
the church, someone we could trust, and 
who would make that judgment about us." 



have gotten in Til be glad to get back in 
too. I don't want to die. I would be glad to 
live on God's world. But if Hardin is 
right.... Well, a lot of dark faces disap- 
peared while I sat in the lifeboat. Maybe 
God will call this white face to join them." 

Zack's voice was soft as he ended, 
hardly to be heard. He did not look at the 
other man now. And in the quiet moment 
that washed over the two of them there 
the Pastor paused, too, thinking that there 
were not many in his congregation like this 
man. 

Nor did he easily think of anything to 
say, though he had no question at all 
about the direction which his remarks 
should take. But he knew he had to say 
something, and so, after the pause, he 
said, "Zack, I wouldn't for the world want 
to say or do anything that would dampen 
your zeal for the Lord, nor, for that matter, 
to question the seriousness of the problem 
you're tackling. It does seem to me, 
though, that we need to combine zeal with 
God-given wisdom and knowledge. Could 
we agree on that for a start?" 

Zack said Yes, he could, and that in fact 



and wicked the human heart is. Sometimes 
I want a good meal so much that it just 
seems incredible to me that I could work 
out that computation in any unbiased way. 
If I had to depend on that I might just as 
well give up and order myself a big steak. 
It would be better if there were someone 
else, maybe in the church, someone we 
could trust, and who would make that 
judgment about us." 

The Pastor moved a little. He was about 
to speak but Zack went on, not noticing 
him. 

"I know you've just said that you think it 
would be better for the world if I lived. I 
hope you won't mind if I say that doesn't 
help me very much." And here Zack 
looked at the Pastor and then looked 
quickly away. "It's becuase you... well, you 
say it too quickly. You say it right off, as 
soon as the subject comes up. And that 
makes me think you don't say it because 
you know something about me and those 
other people and have thought a lot about 
what each of us contributes to the world. I 
think you say it mostly because we're 
friends and Fm a member of the 



congregation here and 
you love me." 
Zack paused 
momentarily, and then 
went on. 

"Or look at it this way. Is there anyone at 
all in our church to whom you would say 
that he should give up his place in the 
lifeboat so some black African could live? 
Maybe there is, but I don't think so. I don't 
imagine your saying that to anyone we 
know. I think you'd talk to everyone else in 
our church just as you talk to me. And, 
you see, it would seem suspicious to me if 
anyone claimed that it was better for the 
world as a whole for everyone here to 
have good food and plenty of clothes and 
a nice house and so on, while a lot of 
people starve in other parts of the world. It 
would seem odd to suppose that all the 
people here did the world so much more 
good than so many people elsewhere." 

Zack shifted now in his chair and 
waited. But the Pastor did not speak, 
because in at least one thing Zack was 
right. He too could not imagine himself 
saying to any member of his congregation 
that he or she should starve so that some 
African might live. 

Finally Zack went on. 
"Anyway, that's what I come to when I 
follow that line of thought. But also, I'm 
not sure that whole line of thought, a sort 
of utilitarian adding up of the benefits and 
costs, is the right way to go about it. Most 
of the time, I guess, I think I ought to just 
go by what is right and fair jand just, and 
leave the benefits and losses up to God. 
When I think that way I ask myself 
whether I have more right to a good dinner 
or a second suit of clothes than does any 
one of thousands and thousands of people 
who don't have those things. And I don't 
think of any reason to suppose I do have 
more right to things like that. I suppose Fm 
better educated than most of them, and 
maybe Fve got the edge on them in some 
other way, too. But it doesn't seem like 
those things give me any special right to 
the things that are scarce. And that seems 
to me a lot firmer than any computation of 
what would do the world the most good.' 
"Do those other people have more of a 
right than you have?" the Pastor asked. 

"No, I can't see that they do. But if we 
have equal rights and there isn't enough for 
both of us, it doesn't seem odd to me to 
think that a Christian might lean a little bit 
to the short side for himself. When it's a 
matter of a massive famine that will mean, 
of course, going below the line." 

The two men did not part easily that 
night, for they respected each other. 
Before their visit was ended each one 
loved the other more than he had before. 
But when Zack finally left to go to his own 
room the Pastor knew that he himself had 
failed. 



It was only a few days later 
J^ that Zachary Baumkletterer 
collapsed over his desk at 
work. Tom Houston and 
nuary Whittaker carried him down to the 
first aid room, where the nurse said his 
pulse was weak but not too bad, but she 
would like to be on the safe side. So she 
called an ambulance, and they took him to 
City Hospital. 

Two days later, because Zack didn't 
have any family, it was Mr. Pencewaite 
and Pastor Westman who appeared before 
Judge Lamer, along with the Resident from 
the hospital, and they all agreed that the 
best thing would be to commit Zack to the 
Maplewood Neuro-Psychiatric Institute on 
a temporary basis. 

The doctor there says he is making very 
good progress. Only yesterday he told Mr. 
Pencewaite that Zack could probably be 
discharged and go back to work in a 
couple of weeks. 

"I can practically guarantee that he'll be 
as good as new, fully cured," he said. 
"Some of the treatments we have now are 
just amazing. And when the hair grows 
back over his temple you won't even be 
able to see the scar." 




The Communicant-November. 1 979-Page 1 1 





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The COMMUNICANT 



Vol. 69 No. 10 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



Decerr iter, 1979 



Acolyte Festival draws hundreds 



DURHAM— More than 1500 people 
from all parts of the Diocese gathered 
at Duke University November 18 for 
the annual Diocesan Acolyte Festival. - 

Kids and adults alike enjoyed a 
eucharist in Duke Chapel, a box lunch 
and the Duke— N.C. State game on an 
unseasonably warm and beautiful Fall 
day. 

At the mid-morning eucharist, the 
near-capacity crowd heard the Rev. 
Lex S. Mathews urge them to "be 
people who handed on life." Mathews, 
the Director of Christian Social 
Ministries for the Diocese, served as 
Preacher for the service. He used the 
analogy of a relay race to make the 
point that "how we live life determines 
what we have to hand on when it is 
over." 

"And handing on life is really what 
living is all about— if s a gift that we all 
have," he emphasized. 

Life challenges each of us to become 
the unique person God created us to 
be, a task which requires continual 
growth. "What's even more fascinating 
is that the real us is always on the run; 
it never stays put. If we are to become 



who we are then we must constantly 
chase our personality." 

Noting Martin Buber*s conviction 
that God is closer to our self than we 
are, Mathews explained that it's 
amost as if God lives in our real inside 
and is constantly saying to us 'Come 
on in.' " 

"Perhaps what it means to be 
spiritual is to continually chase this 
mystery of ourselves so that we too 
will be able to hand on life." 

The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser was 
celebrant for the eucharist, the liturgy 
for which was prepared by the 
Commission on Liturgy and Worship 
under the direction of the Rev. Uly H. 
Gooch, Rector of St. Luke's, Salisbury 
and Master of Ceremonies. The Rev. 
James L Hutton, Deacon at St. 
Michael's Church, Raleigh, was the 
Gospeler, and the Rev. Thomas J. 
Gamer, Rector of the Church of the 
Epiphany, Eden, served as Marshal. 

Three acolytes served as lay readers 
for the service. Burch Mixon of Christ 
Church, Raleigh, was the Epistler and 
Leslie Abbott, of St. Thomas' Church, 
Reidsville, read the Old Testament 




1979-The Year of the Child? 



PARIS — A Red Cross aide soothes a crying baby in Paris just after its arrival 
from Malaysia with 170 Vietnamese refugees. This group of refugees, which 
included 43 children, was met by officials from the Health Department and 
several international aid organizations, before being processed at centers outside 
the city.An account of refugee resettlement work in this diocese can be found on 
page 3 of this issue. 



lesson. The Prayers of the People were 

read by Julie Staub, of Emmanuel 

Church, Southern Pines. 

Music for the celebration 



provided under the direction of Dr. 
Wylie S. Quinn, III, Organist and 
Choirmaster of the Chapel of the 
Cross in Chapel Hill. 




Acolytes light their candles on the steps of Duke Chapel as the service gets underway. 

Churches begin extension program 

Sewanee offers theology course 

By Cecile S. Holmes 



REIDSVILLE-A Tennessee 
seminary's extension education project 
is offering North Carolina 
Episcopalians a unique opportunity to 
study and experience what participants 
say is the true meaning of lay ministry. 

The program, "Education for 
Ministry," is a course of study that 
spans thousands of years of Christian 
tradition and history. "I think what it 
does is give people confidence in the 
Judeo-Christian tradition. And it gives 
them some confidence that they are 
children of God by letting them know 
that they are accepted," says the Rev. 
Bill Coolidge, program coordinator for 
the Diocese of North Carolina, a 
geographic section of the Episcopal 
Church. 

The rector of St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church in Cary, Coolidge for three 
years has worked with a group using 
the program in his own parish. 
Currently, six other groups are 
operating in the diocese. By 
Christmas, he expects a total of 12 to 
be at work in Guilford, Rockingham, 
Forsyth, Wake, Mecklenburg and 
Davidson counties 

The program is operated by the 
Bairnwick Center of the School of 
Theology at the University of the - 
South in Sewanee, Tenn. It is not 
designed as a substitute for seminary 
attendance. It is a four-year, non-credit 



course of study, but students sign up 
for only one year at a time. 

Students meet weekly or biweekly in 
small groups (six to ten people), 
usually formed within a church 
congregation. The academic material 
is a condensation of the core 
curriculum of the theology school and 
includes concentrated study of the 
Bible, church history, ethics, liturgies, 
theology, the Protestant Reformation, 
evangelism, mission work and the 
ecumenical movement. 

"I think it's basically three things," 
says the Rev. S. F. James Abbott, 
rector of a Reidsville church that will 
soon be using the program. 

"One is that it combines a solid look 
at tradition with actual practical life 
and ministry in the world. The second 
is that often adult education in the 
church has lasted only for a short time. 
This is a long enough time and a long 
enough commitment to move into 
something in depth," he says. "The last 
thing is for me. Every year I try to go off 
and do some continuing education 
things. This group provides an op- 
portunity to do some theological 
reflecting with people in the local 
setting in my own congregation." 

Each member of a local group pays a 
small annual tuition fee (usually about 
$200) and through the mail receives 
books especially prepared for the 
course by the seminary. 

continued on page 6 



* Coming Up * 

w The 164th Diocesan Convention 

at the 

Charlotte Sheraton Center 

January 28-29, 1979 



newsbriefs. 



state and local 




Charlotte church sponsors 
lecture series 

CHARLOTTE-The Church of the Holy 
Comforter, Charlotte, has undertaken a 
Town Hall Lecture Series to raise funds for 
their pledge to Venture in Mission. 

There will be four lectures held in the Park 
Terrace Theater, and open to the public. 

Tickers will be sold for the series, which 
began November 5th with Henry Haskell 
Rightor, a former rector of Christ Church, 
Charlotte, He has just published a new book 
"Pastoral Counseling in Work Crisis." 

On November 28th, Nila Magidoff, 
Russian born, spoke on life in the Soviet 

January 9, 1980 will bring Lawrence 
Gichner, internationally recognized authority 
on art and antiques. 

The series concludes April 10th with a 
presentation by Countess de Romanones of 
Spain. A former OSS secret intelligence 
agent, she visits this country once a year to 
acquaint her fellow Americans with the close 
ties between her two countries. Her books 
have been published on both sides of the 
Atlantic. 

Holy Comforter members feel this licture 
series will make a fine and lasting cultural 
contribution to the community as well as a 
profitable undertaking for Venture in Mission 



New Director at Christ the 
King Center 

CHARLOTTE— Brother Richard Banks of 
the Episcopal Church Army officially became 
the new Director of Christ the King Center, an 
urban rninlsttry located in the Belmont section 
of Charlotte. 

Banks assumed the new position in early 
November when he was welcomed at a 
reception for the leaders of parishes of the 
Great Episcopal Fellowship of Mecklenburg 
County, and the Center Council, at Christ 
Episcopal Church on November 18th. 

Having worked previously for the Center as 
Program Director five years ago, Banks is no 
stranger to Charlotte. Appointed in 1972, he 
had directed all aspects of the Center's 
program, including its volunteer ministry and 
its and its ministries to youth and the aging. 

Banks comes to Charlotte from Baltimore 
Md., where he had served as Director of the 
Absalom Jones Center since 1974. This inner- 
city mission is named for the first black 
Episcopal priest in the United States. 

After 1600 hours of intensive study and 
preparation in the Church Army training center 
in New York in 1971, Banks was com- 
missioned as an Evangelist, with the title of 
"Brother." This is a lifetime Commission 1 
bestowed by the Presiding Bishop of the 
Episcopal Church. His commissioning was 
held in Saint Michael and All Angels Church at 
Christ the King Center in Charlotte in May, 
1973, with Bishop Moultrie Moore acting for 
the Presiding Bishop. The Church Army is a 
society of laymen and women dedicated to 
evangelistic and social ministry. 



St. Paul's completes Kanuga 
project 

WINSTON-SALEM-The vestry of St. 
Paul's Episcopal Church, Winston-Salem, 
has announced a gift of $36,000 to complete 
Kanuga's recreation building. 

The gift comes from the parish Legacy 
Commitee, whicH provided funds for the first 
two phases of the building's construction. 

It was during Kanuga's Second Annual 
Board of Visitors' Weekend that members of 
the vestry became acutely aware of the 
urgent need for completing the St. Paul's 
Recreation Building at Kanuga. The project 
will close off and heat the building in time for 
winter use. Three program rooms will be 
added. 

It was also during the Visitors' Weekend, 
held October 12-14, that St. Paul's rector 
dedicated the first year-round cottage ever 
constructed at Kanuga. The Rev. E. Dudley 
Colhoun, Jr., president of the Kanuga Board 
of Directors, blessed the cottage, proclaiming 
that "through wisdom is a house builded, and 
by understanding is it established." The 
cottage was a gift from Mr. and Mrs. Nolan 
Galloway of Ocala, Fla., given in honor of 
Grace Church of Ocala. 

Mr. Colhoun also conducted a ground- 
breaking ceremony at the site of the second 
year-round cottage. It is a gift from the 
Pritchard family of Charleston, S.C,-made in 
honor Edward K. and Julia Pritchard. The 
cottage is expected to be ready for use by 
next summer. It is the second in a cluster of 
six envisioned for a hillside area which 
overlooks Kanuga's Inn. 



world and national 



Anglican Church issues 
report on homosexuals 

LONDON (DPS)-A Church of England 
study group has issued a report recom- 
mending toleration but not outright en- 
dorsement of homosexual behavior. 

Established by the Board for Social 
Responsibility, the 13 member-study group 
concludes that homosexual relationships can 
be justified though it said it could not 
recommend that the Church either totally 
forbid or explicitly approve homosexual 
practices. 

The report says that bishops should not 
refuse to ordain a man merely because he is 
a homosexual, though it does reject the 
concept of marriage between homosexuals. 

"In the light of some of the evidence we 
have received," the study group says, "we do 
not think it possible to deny that there are 
circumstances in which individuals may 
justifiably choose to enter into a homosexual 
relationship with the hope of enjoying a 
companionship and physical expression of 
sexual love similar to that which is to be 
found in marriage." 

However, the report says, such a 
relationship should not be considered the 
moral or social equivalent of marriage. The 
study panel's report states that lifelong and 
exclusive marriage is the norm for human 
sexual relationships. 

The report suggests: "The homosexual 
person who is also a Christian should 
consider whether the fact of his sexual 
orientation may perhaps be one of the signs 
that God is calling him to consecrate himself 
as a celibate, perhaps with other people, for 
the service of God and his fellows." 

Bishop John Yates of Gloucester, 
chairman of the study group, said the report 
reflected only the opinions of the persons 
who produced it. He said the release of the 
report is expected to lead to a period of 
widespread discussion before the Church's 
General Synod debates it in February, 1981. 

The General Convention of the Episcopal 
Church, at its meeting in Denver, Colo., in 
September, decided that it is "not ap- 
propriate" to ordain practicing homosexuals. 
The three million member Episcopal Church 
is the American branch of the 65 million- 
member Anglican Communion, which has its 
center in the Church of England. 



Tutu assails foreign firms 

JOHANNESBURG, S.A. (DPS)-A 
leading black churchman has charged that 
foreign companies which operate in South 
Africa contribute to the destruction of black 
family life and help maintain the apartheid 
system. 

The Rt. Rev. Desmond Tutu, general 
secretary of the South African Council of 
Churches, made the charge at the 50th 
anniversary session of the South African 
Institute of Race Relations. Bishop Tutu, a 
native of South Africa, was Anglican Dean of 
Johannesburg and then. Bishop of Lesotho 
before assuming the ecumenical post. 

Bishop Tutu has been a longtime critic of 
foreign investment in South Africa and the 
position won wide support among black 
South African Anglicans during that 
country's first Partners in Mission Con- 
sultation in 1976. The Episcopal Church has 
repeatedly supported the stand by backing 
shareholder resolutions calling for reform or 
cessation of foreign investment in South 
Africa. 

"Businessmen must not say they are 
apolitical," Bishop Tutu declared. "Their 
presence in South Africa has highly political 
consequences." 

The bishop called upon foreign companies 
wishing to remain in South Africa to ensure 
that their black labor force is housed as 
family units near the place of work of the 
breadwinner, and added that black workers 
should be able to sell their labor in the free 
market and should be fully unionized. He 
also appealed to the foreign companies to 
make substantial investment in black 
education and training. 

Referring to external pressure on South 
Africa, Bishop Tutu said: "Pressures could be 
a calculated risk, but they are the only 
peaceful means left and I advocate them." 

He dismissed the argument that pressures 
from outside South Africa would hurt most 
those whom they were intedned to help, the 
blacks. 

"It is true blacks would be among the first 
to suffer, and yet are they living in comfort 
now?" he asked. "Most blacks argue it would 
be far better to suffer for change than to go 
on suffering interminably." 



Archbishop challenges 
Communion policy 

WASHINGTON (DPS)-The Archbishop 
of Canterbury has called upon the Roman 
Catholic Church to change its policy that 
bars Catholics and Anglicans from receiving 
communion at each other's altars. 

Archbishop Donald Coggan, who preached 
the main service at the Washington 
Cathedral on October 14, said at a press 
conference following the service that such a 
policy is an impediment to evangelizing "the 
unbelieving world." 

He pointed out that Anglicans and Roman 
Catholics agree "in so many of the basics of 
the Christian faith" that the two streams of 
Christianity should authorize in- 
tercommunion. 

"A great many Roman Catholics in dif- 
ferent parts of the world are now receiving 
holy communion from Anglicans and I hope 
that we will soon see the Roman Catholic 
Church take cognizance of this," he said. 

Archbishop Coggan said that he differed 
with Pope John Paul II on the Roman 
Catholic Church's policy, but so did many 
Catholics. 

His sermon to some 3,000 persons in the 
Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul— the 
Washington Cathedral— was primarily 
pastoral in tone, in which he spoke of his 
deep concern for evangelizing the world. 

"The church is not a club," he said. "If so, 
it is a travesty of what it should be. It is not 
a comfortable club, but a base of operations 
from which to serve the world.... 

"I would like to gather up this great 
congregation and set it down in the slums of 
Calcutta," the Archbishop said. "We cannot 
shut our eyes to the needs of people tike 
these, a large part of whom know nothing of 
the love of God. 

"We must be willing to give our lives to 
this," he delcared, "or we are not entitled to 
be called Christians." 

This sermon at the Washington Cathedral 
was, in effect, the farewell address by the 70- 
year old Archbishop to the Anglican 
Communion's American branch. He will 
retire January 25, 1980 after five years as 
the spiritual leader of the world's 65 million 
Anglicans. 



people 



The Communicant has received notice 
of the following changes of cures: 



The Rev. Robert E. Hamtlton:From the 
Diocese of Michigan to Director of 
Chaplaincy, Moses H. Cone Memorial 
Hospital, Greensboro. 

The Rev. William S. McInnls:From the 
Diocese of Upper South Carolina to 
Rector, Trinity Church, Scotland Neck. 

The Rev. E. Jesse Galther, Jr.: From the 
Diocese of Bethlehem to Assistant to the 
Rector, St. Philip's Church, Durham. 



calendar 



l»H«H.M:H:lkW--l 



9 10 11 12 13 14 15 
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 31 



15— Mission Deadline:Mission budgets 
and EMC results due in Archdeacon's 

17— Northeast Convocation:Northeast 

Convocation Clericus meets at Good 

Shepherd, Rocky Mount at 10:30 a.m. 
19— Charlotte Clerlcus:Charlotte 

Clericus meets at 12:30 p.m. 
24— Diocesan House— Diocesan House 

closed for Christmas holidays through 

12/26/79. 
27 — Winterlight IV: Young People's 

Conference, Kanuga, through 12/30/79. 
Newspaper Deadline:Deadline for 

January issue of The Communicant. 



January 

1— ECW:ECW appoint branch nominating 
committees and begin 1980 pledge. 

—Diocesan House: Diocesan House 
closed for New Year's holiday. 

2— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 
Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 
Christ Church, 12:30 p.m. 

4— Northwest Convocation: Northwest 
Convocation meets at 10:00 a.m. 

6-ECW: ECW offering for Bishop 
Cochran Education for Ministry hi Alaska. 

7— Department of Finance: Depart- 
ment of Finance meets at the Diocesan House. 

8— Diocesan Council: Diocesan Council 
meets at the Diocesan House, 10:00 a.m. 

—Clergy Association: North Carolina 
Episcopal CLergy Association meets at Holy 
Comforter, Burlington, 10:30 a.m. 
13— Northeast Convocation: Pre 
convention Convocation meeting. 
14— Worship and Liturgy: Worship and 
Liturgy Commission meets at St. Andrew's, 
Charlotte, 10:30 a.m. 

—Sandhills Convocation: Pre- 
convention Convocation meeting. 
15— Central Convocation: Pre- 
convention Convocation meeting at Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh, 7:30 p.m. 
16— Charlotte Clericus: Charlotte Clericus 
meets at 12:30 p.m. 

—Northwest Convocation: Pre 
convention Convocation meeting. 
17— Southwest Convocation: Pre- 
convention Convocation meeting. 
21— Northeast Clericus: Northeast 
Convocation Clericus meets at Good 
Shepherd, Rocky Mount, 10:30 a.m. 
22— Smyth Lecture: Dr. Gerald May 
speaks at St. Mary's House, Greensboro, 7:30 



24— Diocesan Convention: Annual 
Diocesan Convention meets in Charlotte 
through 1/26/80. 

29— Standing Committee: Standing 
Committee meeting (tentative), 11:00 a.m. 



Page 2-The Communicant-December, 1979 



Sedgefield church sponsors a Vietnamese family 



GREENSBORO-They left Vietnam 
under cover of darkness on January 2, 
147 people crowded in a leaky boat built 
to hold 30. After nine days on the open 
sea, they reached Malaysia only to be 
turned away by unsympathetic officials 
and forced to continue on to Indonesia. 

Plagued by bad weather, they 
exhausted their meager food supplies on 
the 11th day of their odyssey and sailed 
four more days with nothing but a cup of 
water per person per day before they 
finally reached their destination. 

Miraculously enough, all 147 refugees 
made it to Indonesia alive. And now, 
one year later, Le Van Thanh, his sister 
Thu, his wife Hua, and their one-year 
old son have emmigrated to the United 
States under the sponsorship of All 
Saints' Church in Sedgefield. 

They arrived Sunday night, Sep- 
tember 16, and were greeted at the 
airport by a host of All Saints' 
parishioners. The members of the 
Sedgefield parish were well prepared for 
their arrival and lost no time in helping 
them get settled. 

By the end of their first week in this 
country, all members of the family had 

And still thev wait — 



received initial medical care; both Thanh 
and Hua were enrolled in a CETA 
English language training course which 
includes minimum wage compensation 
for the 30-hour/week program, and their 
son Tham was attending nursery 
school. 

During the next week, church 
members provided prayer support, 
meals, transportation, clothes, housing, 
driving instruction, friendship and love. 

Because of these efforts, a family 
which was initially frightened, alone and 
uncertain about the future, has been 
given hope and a fresh start. 

Tu, Thanh's 15 year-old sister, was 
enrolled at Smith High School within 
two weeks of their arrival in the United 
States. The school's curriculum includes 
regular instruction in English as part of 
the bilingual program at the Weaver 
Center. 

Meanwhile, Thanh has acquired his 
Learner's Permit and hopes to have his 
Driver's License before too long. 

All Saints' only began talking about 
refugee resettlement in mid-August in 
response to information on the plight of 
the Boat People sent by the Rev. Lex 
Mathews, Diocesan Director of 



A drama in three acts 



By Jane House 

LOUISBURG— Editor's note: After 
five months of preparation, the 
parishioners of St. Paul's Church, 
Louisburg are anxiously awaiting the 
arrival of a family of refugees from 
Southeast Asia. What follows is an 
account of their experience to date, 
written as an unfinished drama in three 
acts. 

ACT I -PLANNING 

Scene I. July— Information concerning 
the plight of the Boat People is 
presented to the Vestry which ten- 
tatively approves sponsorship. 

Scene 2. August— St. Paul's Vestry 
gives its final approval and a Core 
Committee is formed, headed by Dick 
Berry, Junior Warden. The Committee 
agrees that a house must be located 
even before the application is sent in. 
Nina Freeman goes house hunting. (And 
excitement mounts.) Suitable housing 
large enough to serve a family of 6 to 10 
people, with gardening space and 
located within easy bicycling distance is 
located and rented. 

Scene 3. September — An emergency 
meeting of the Committee is called when 
Isis Brown, Immigration and Refugee 
Program Officer for the Episcopal 
Church, asks if our house "will stretch to 
accommodate 13!" 

Alter checking with the owners of the 
house for their approval, the Committee 
answers with a resounding "yes." 

ACT II-PREPARATION 
Scene I. September — Their dossier 
arrives. The father, Huu Ta is 42; the 
mother, Ly Guon Ta, is 41. Four sons, 
ranging from 18 to 5 and seven 
daughters, ranging from 19 to 6, round 
out the family. Both older daughter and 
older son speak some English. 

The call goes out for furniture and 
furnishings. What a gigantic task it is to 
furnish a whole house and outfit a family 
of 13 from scratch. How do you decide 
what size an 11 year-old boy will wear 
when his father is 1 m 60 cm tall and 
weighs 40 kg?" Yet according to 
committee member Valerie Taylor, "the 
response is overwhelming, not only from 



our own congregation but from the 
whole community as well." 

Scene 2. October— Students from 
Louisburg College's Christian Life 
Council and committee members are 
busily working on the house, making it 
ready for the new occupants. Finance 
Chairman Anne Berry reports that cash 
contributions are sufficient to cover 
housing and utility deposits as well as 
the first month's rent. 

Scene 3. November— Harriette 
Sturges contacts Vietnamese American 
Society in Raleigh for help about food 
supplies and sources while Julie Kane 
places an order for a hundred pounds of 
rice. Lucy Allen alerts the school system 
and makes plans for the educational 
needs of the children, while Anne 
Scoggin is busy making arrangements 
for the family's basic human needs- 
health "checks, Social Security cards, 
etc., and Dick Berry finds a firm offer of 
employment for all family members 28 
years or older. 

Scene 4. Are we ready? The house is 
cleaned, the curtains hung. Clothing is 
folded and in order. Wood is stacked on 
the porch. A hundred pounds of rice, a 
case of soy sauce and a case of sesame 
oil are in the pantry. When will they get 
here? 

It seems fitting that we should be 
waiting in Advent for the Ta family's 
arrival, according to Core Committee 
Chairman, Dick Berry. "We've worked 
so hard getting ready that now the thrill 
of anticipation brings tears to my eyes," 
Berry said. 

The Rev. George Magoori, Rector of 
St. Paul's, has been in contact with 
resettlement workers in New York, and 
has received reassurance that all is in 
order and that some delay is only to be 
expected. "We've been told that our 
family is indeed coming, but that 
tranportation from the refugee camps in 
Malaysia is very slow and low on the 
priority list." 

"Still," according to Magoon, "many 
people have said, 'Wouldn't it be great 
and fitting if they arrive on Christmas 
Eve?"' 

As far as the folks at St. Paul's are 
concerned, nothing would please them 
more. 



Christian Social Ministries. 

After meeting with Mathews in late 
summer, a Core Committee formed of 
ten parishioners, each of whom agreed 
to take responsibility for employment, 
housing, transportation and other 
specific areas of need. The Vestry 
approved the proposed project on 
August 30, and Committee Chairman 
John Hanes contacted the local office of 
the Lutheran Immigration and Refugee 
Services for assistance in sponsoring the 
resettlement of five refugees. 

Financing for the project came in part 
from the people of Calvary Church, 
Wadesboro, who contributed $800 they 
had raised specifically, for resettlement 
work. 

With willing hands and working 
capital, the people of All Saints' set to 
work immediately, though they had 
been warned that it might be several 
months before their assigned family 
would arrive. 

Two weeks later Hanes got an 
unexpected telephone call from New 



York telling him that Thanh and his 
family would be arriving at the 
Greensboro Airport in 24 hours. 

"We made the announcement in 
Church Sunday morning, and got a 
whole bunch of people out at the airport 
to greet them when they arrived Sunday 
night," Hanes said. "It was just a super 
night." 

Although he acknowledges that the 
group had to scramble a little under the 
accelerated schedule, Hanes feels that, 
on the whole, things went very 
smoothly. "It all just seemed to fall into 
place quite naturally." 

"In fact," Hanes acknowledges, "if 
they had arrived just one week later, 
they would have been too late to enroll 
in the CETA program." 

The project has meant a great deal to 
the people of All Saints' according to the 
Rev. Gary Garnett, Rector of the 
Sedgefield parish. "It's really been a good 
thing for this church— a chance for 
people to reach out of themselves to 
help others." 




THAILAND— Nguyen Thi Yen holds her sick child as she pleads for help from from a 
fishing boat carrying 48 other refugees as it arrives at a tiny village south of Bangkok. Her 
pleas were ignored by Thai police who towed the boat back to sea before casting it adrift. 




TAMPA— Five months later, after qualiifying for sponsorship in the U.S., Nguyen Thi Yen 
iits with her daughter Hvong in their apartment in Tampa, Florida. 



The Communicant-December, 1979-Page 3 




editorial 



Christmas in Cambodia 



Driven by death and despair they make their escape. Some trust 
all that they have to a leaky boat on the open sea; others make the 
perilous journey overland, hiding from the military by day, travelling 
through the jungle by night. On land or sea the trip takes one to two 
weeks — one to two weeks at mercy of the elements, with little or no 
food. The children suffer the most. Many die on the way. 

Those who survive the journey find new challenges awaiting them 
in detention camps so crowded that there is no room for people to 
sit down. So they stand for days on end. And take turns lying down 
to sleep. 

Food and water are in short supply. Disease is not; 90% of the 
Cambodians have malaria and bleeding dysentary is rampant. In- 
fants are the most vulnerable and therefore the first to succumb; 
older children take longer to starve to death. And for all who do 
manage to survive infancy, severe malnutrition is a way of life. 

Now the enemy is time. The longer they remain in the camps, the 
more likely they are to fall prey to the epidemics which ravage the 
camp population. One Laotian family had eight children when they 
arrived at the camp. Recently, after waiting two years for a sponsor, 
they left for Ohio with one child, having lost seven to disease. Here, 
too, children bear the brunt of the suffering. Observers recently 
returned from the area report seeing very few children under the age 
of five. 

Last January the U.N. declared 1979 to be The Year of the Child. 
Apparently somebody forgot to tell the Cambodians. 

Under existing U.S. immigration laws, a refugee cannot come to 
this country without a sponsor. To date ten congregations in this 
diocese have committed themselves to sponsoring families of 
Southeast Asian refugees, or are seriously considering doing so, 
according to the Rev. Lex S. Mathews, Director of Christian Social 
Ministries. Parishes involved at present include All Saints', 
Sedgefield; Christ Church, Raleigh; Grace Church, Lexington; St. 
Andrew's and St. Francis', Greensboro; St. Luke's, Durham; St. 
Mark's, Raleigh; St. Paul's, Louisburg; St. Paul's, Winston-Salem; 
and St. Thomas's, Sanford. 

The response of the churches in this diocese is commendable. But 
much more is needed. It is not within our power to stop the flow of 
refugees, or bring an end to the desolation which only humans alone 
can visit upon God's creation. But we can, each of us, feed the 
hungry, clothe the naked and give homes to the homeless. And 
when it comes right down to it, that is all that is expected of us. 

As usual, Advent finds us waiting expectantly for Christ. 
Meanwhile he has come as he promised. And it is he who is waiting 
for us — in refugee camps throughout Southeast Asia: CWB 



"Mary, great with child" 

On the cover of this month's Communicant is a 
photograph of the fresco "Mary, great with child" by artist | 
Ben Long. This fresco, along with two others by Long, 
hangs in St. Mary's Episcopal Church in West Jefferson, 
NC. 



The COMMUNICANT 

Formerly The North Carolina Churchman. 

P.O. Box 17025. Raleigh. NC. 27619 919 787 6313 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Polly Downward 



Published ten times a year (monthly, 
except July, with a combined issue 
for August/September), by the Epis- 
copal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are 
$2.00. 



Deadline is the 15th of the month (or 
first business day thereafter) for the 
issue dated the following month. 

Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina. 



Inhere is a mm -who -was sent 
to earth, fcy his father, "was 
raised inhcrmble circumstances 
and since he-was not of this 
-world dwell among men an 
outsider..-. Bui his v/as a special 
destiny...... "By dedicating his 

tmiqtie gifts to the service d- 
troth and justice he stood" for 
the expressed, the meelt, the 
afflicted, thepcwerless.~~ 
for aUof humanity.-. • 
This is not Him. 



letters 



Sin & Sexuality — Round 2 




Dear Editor: 

Perhaps the issue has been raised 
once too often, but Marie Willard's 
letter on the ordination of homosexuals 
and their place in the Church calls for 
some kind of response. 

The issue is not whether the Church 
ought to ordain homosexuals. There 
have been homosexual priests just as 
there have been homosexual doctors, 
lawyers, congressmen, kings and 
janitors. The issue is, shall the Church 
ordain only thbse homosexuals who 
have managed to deceive themselves 
or their examining committees? 

Ms. Willard brings up the statements 
in Leviticus and Romans about 
homosexuality and concludes that no 
one who is guilty of the sins described 
there can be a priest. Why single out 
those sins? Our Lord has made it clear 
that any man who marries a divorced 
woman commits adultery. Are we to 
bar men who marry divorcees (a 
category that includes myself) from the 
priesthood? Indeed, Jesus tells us that 
by looking at a woman with a lustful 
eye, a man commits adultery. Why 
doesn't the Church bar those who, like 
President Carter, regularly commit 
adultery in their hearts? Indeed, why 
should we stop with adultery and 
homosexuality? Leviticus condemns 
men who have intercourse during their 
wife's menstrual period. Shouldn't the 
Church deny ordination to those who 
fall err to that sin? If committing one 
particular sin bars people from the 
priesthood, why not another? 



More Than Shepherds 



Ms. Willard asks whether an or- 
dained homosexual can lead a group 
of sinners to Christ. Can an adulterer; 
can one who has fallen to the sin of 
pride; can one who presumes he or 
she has the right to judge another, 
minister the Gospel to our sinful 
world? If the Church insists that its 
priests be free of sin, we shall be a 
Church without priests. The issue is, 
which sins should bar one from the 
priesthood? Why shouldn't 
homosexual sinners be placed in the 
same category as men who marry 
divorced women or look at other 
women with luSt in their hearts? 

But by far, the most distressing part 
of Ms. Willard's letter is where she 
asks whether a homosexual is "worthy" 
of the Church's comforts. None of us 
are worthy of God's love (and hence, 
His Church's comforts) by virtue of 
what we have or have not done. We 
receive God's love by accepting what is 
freely given without regard to our 
sinfulness. As Ms. Willard has 
commended Romans, Chapter One, I 
would urge that those who want to 
condemn my homosexual brothers and 
sisters not stop with the first chapter, 
but read the second chapter of that 
same Epistle: "...you who sit in 
judgement, whoever you may be — for 
in judging your fellow-man you con- 
demn yourself, since you, the judge, 
are equally guilty." 

Sincerely, 

Bill Cecil-Fronsman 

Chapel Hill, N.C. 



msk 




Shepherds heard the angeh 
saw the splendor of the Light, 
even went to Bethlehem 
to adore the Babe that night. 



Through the years they told their news, 
and so greatly grew their pride 
they believed that revelation 
came only with a shepherd guide. 

While they dwelt in memory, 
Jesus grew to be a man. 
twelve Apostles picked he then 
but not one shepherd in the band. 

So let us love the Truth we know 
but never cease to leam 
for God continues to reveal 
to those with hearts that yearn. 

— Colleen Hartsoe 



Colleen Hartsoe is a communicant of St. 
Mary's, High Point. "More Than Shepherds" 
originally appeared in the January issue of 
The Episcopalian. 



Page 4-The Communicant-December, 1 979 



ffi the printed word 



Consumer survival kit 



How to survive a sermon 




By The Rev. Clement W. Welsh 

These notes are set down in 
sympathetic recognition of the fact that 
most congregations suffer through the 
Sunday sermon with heroic fortitude. 
There must be a great number of 
Christians with extraordinary faith or 
else preachers would long ago have 
emptied the churches permanently! 

1 say this as one who both preaches 
in pulpits and listens in pews. I can 
testify that it is much more fun to 
preach than to listen. My predecessor 
as Warden, Fred Arterton, used to 
quote the old jest that "a sermon is 
something a person will cross the 
continent to deliver but won't cross the 
street to hear." 

As a preacher, then, out of sheer 
compassion for all listeners in pews, let 
me suggest some survival tactics to 
rescue anyone who is pinned down in 
church during the sermon with no 
opportunity for dignified escape. 

But first, one preliminary point: 
(Notice how, as a preacher, I elaborate 
on the obvious before saying anything 
constructive. Standing there in the 
pulpit, staring at those rapidly glazing 
eyes, it is easy to luxuriate in in- 
corisequentials.) The congregation is 
under an obligation to appreciate 
anything a preacher says. An unwritten 
contract requires the listener to be 
grateful for hearing the Word of God, 
even when dear rector has thoroughly 
obscured that Word by human words 
badly assembled Saturday night. 
Ecclesiastical courtesy demands the 
listener, at the end of the service, to 
say, "I enjoyed the sermon," (or "your 
message"). If not, a long tradition says 
that something is wrong in the 
listener— sin, perhaps, or sheer 
cussedness. 



Strategy No. 1. Wait for at least one 
idea in the sermon before giving up. 
You may think, "But the preacher has 
nothing to say— nothing at all." 
Sometimes a preacher can stand in the 
way of God's speaking for a 
remarkably long time and then 
inadvertently say something true and 
memorable. Old sermon listeners can 
even get a certain pleasure in watching 
and waiting. In extreme cases, when 
the preacher repeats the text at the 
end of the sermon, that may be the 
moment when light breaks through. 

Strategy No. 2. Fight back. 
Disagreement with the preacher is 
quite permissible; in some cases, it is 
highly desirable. It is probably best to 
do this silently or you may be called 
on to elaborate constructively on your 
ideas before the congregation; and that 
is much harder to do than merely to 
disagree. For every sermon thesis there 
is an antithesis. Preachers are skilled 
at presenting half-truths. Discover the 
truth that has been ignored, articulate 
it (to yourself), and you and the 
preacher may have put together a 
respectable fragment of Christian truth. 

Strategy No. 3. Let your mind 
wander. The art of mind-wandering is 
sadly neglected in these busy times. If 
the preacher announces a subject and 
clearly has nothing to say about it 
except platitudes, let your imagination 
create the sermon that is eluding the 
preacher. You have fifteen minutes to 
ask yourself questions that are so 
important that they tend, 
paradoxically, to be neglected. "Why 
am I here? What do I believe? What 
do I really want? Of what am I deeply 
afraid?" If a real question grasps you 
by its excitement, go see the preacher 
later in the week and talk about it. 
Such conversations can be oowerful 



sermons in dialogue and as good for 
the preacher as for you. (Did it ever 
occur to you that the preacher is as 
bored with the sermon as you are? 
Preachers need stimulation to be 
enabled to produce stimulating ideas.) 

Strategy No. 4. Analyze your 
disappointment with the sermon. It is 
not enough to relax in the pew and to 
say, in effect, to the preacher, "Amuse 
me." When the sermon dribbles off 
into fuzzy inanities, try to decide what 
need in you was left untouched by it. 
A sermon presents, however poorly, 
some portion of the great tradition of 
Christian experience. Poor sermons fail 
to link that tradition to your ex- 
perience. Very well, make the con- 
nection for yourself. A sermon that is 
boring is not necessarily untrue. Even 
a dull sermon can sometimes stab a 
listener with unexpected relevance. 
"Wasn't that a great sermon?" says 
your neighbor, to your astonishment. 
The preacher need not know, when 
you say, "I enjoyed the sermon," that 
the sermon you enjoyed was your own. 

Strategy No. 5. Don't just sit there. 
Do something! The best somethings to 
do are done between sermons, by 
engaging the preacher in activities that 
can help produce better preaching. 
Copy out striking quotations from 
something you have read, and send it 
on with a note. Take the preacher to 
lunch and ask a Great Question, such 
as, "If pride is a sin, why should I try 
to do my best?" or a Medium Great 
Question such as, "What was wrong 
with St. Paul as a person, if anything?" 
Write (and sign) a letter to the 
preacher every week responding to the 
sermon. But do your part, as one 
engaged in the sermon enterprise, to 
let the preacher know that out there in 
the pew there is at least one listener 




expectantly waiting for a sermon that 
will interest, move, and inspire, and 
who is anxious to help — one listener, 
determined to survive. Many a • 
preacher, as anxious for survival as 
any listener, would be grateful to know 
that you are there and willing to work 
out survival tactics with you. 

Clement Welsh is the Warden of 
The College of Preachers, Washington, 
D.C. (Reprinted, by permission, from 
the College of Preachers 
NEWSLETTER.) 

as others see us 



Dear Mr. Christ: 

We have acted upon your com- 
mission to administer a coordinated 
battery of psychological tests to the 
twelve candidates whom you are 



considering as collaborators in an 
organization you are assembling. 

It will be some time before all the 
data have been processed and in- 
terpreted but certain preliminary fin- 




dings are, in our judgment, of such 
significance that we are sending them 
on forthwith. 

With regard to Mr. Simon Johnson 
(or Bar Jona), the profile for this 
candidate is marked by consistently 
unsound judgment, excessive 
emotional reactions, unreliability, and 
an unrealistic estimate of himself. He 
tends to be blunt in speech and quite 
rigid. Luckily you appear to sense this 
already, as the nickname that you gave 
him implies. 

It is our opinion that Johnson, who 
has been conspicuously unsuccessful 
as a fisherman and who has had 
illness in the family, is only speciously 
magnanimous in his offer to leave all 
and to follow you. It is accordingly our 
urgent recommendation that you 
terminate speedily the associate of 
Johnson with yourself and your 
organization. 

We shall be forwarding further 
recommendations about the aptitudes 
of the remaining candidates at an early 
date. You will want to know that Mr. 
Thomas Didymus failed to appear for 
his appointment with our evaluation 
team. This is usually an indicant of a 
latent hostility that will impair his 
usefulness in a corporate effort. 



On the evidence assembled thus far 
we can certainly recommend your 
associating Mr. J. Iscariot with your 
enterprise. He has the profile of a 
completely dependable, hard-working 
realist. He is open-minded and ready 
to change. Though he will be a hard- 
hearted, no-nonsense administrator, he 
has a deep concern for the poor and 
shows marked potential for growth and 
advancement in your organization. 

In closing, we might note that the 
mission statement that you submitted 
to us for your organization, with its 
description of goals and strategies, 
struck our staff as incapable of at- 
tainment, not to mention verification 
by the scientific procedures that would 
make it credible to the world today. 
Should you, on further consideration, 
decide to jettison the whole enterprise, 
we would like to offer you a position 
on our staff. You have a certain 
natural flair for dealing with people 
that, with a few years of professional 
formation, ought to be of real service 
to your fellow human beings. 
Consultation Service Center of Galilee 
Tiberiao, Galilee 

Reprinted from Advance, the 
magazine of the Episcopal Diocese of 
Chicago. 



The Communicant-December, 1979-Page 5 



An interview with Carter Heyward 



Charlotte-born priest speaks out on difficult issues 



By Marilyn Bradbury 

CHARLOTTE— Although many 
would disagree with her, most people 
would agree that the Rev. Carter 
Heyward speaks her mind and acts on 
what she believes. 

While she was in her native Charlotte 
last month to speak and preach at 
Myers Park Baptist Church, the 34-year 
old priest talked about the issues she 
has become associated with— 
homosexuality and the ordination of 
women — as well as her future plans. 

Of General .Convention's resolution 
prohibiting the ordination of both 
practicing homosexuals and 
heterosexuals who are engaged in 
sexual relations outside of marriage, 
Heyward said, "I was sad and indignant 
and came away feeling that we as a 
church have a lot to do to grow in 
creative ways." 

Heyward, who made public her own 
homosexuality in magazine articles last 
summer, predicted that the action taken 
at Denver will ultimately discourage 
seminarians who are searching to define 
their sexuality or who are homosexual 
from discussing their true feelings with 
their bishops. 

She finds such inhibition of com- 
munication disturbing. "I feel it is im- 
portant that we in the church try to work 
out the issue together," she em- 
phasized." 

The resolution, she said, poses a 
pastoral dilemma for herself and others 
who work with such students. 

"It is a terrible thing to tell people not 
to discuss their sexuality with their 
bishops, yet I can't urge students to do 
something which will ruin their chances 
for ordination," she explained. 

Heyward views homosexuality as but 
one part of the larger subject of sexuality 
which she thinks the church must 
confront. 

"Sex is a basic gift from God, and 
people are to use it creatively. The 
sexual bond makes it possible to be 
human, to love. Homosexuality is one of 
a variety of possibilities, including 
heterosexuality and celibacy. The 
church needs to define sexual 

Theology course 
is a springboard 
for reflection on 
life in the world 

continued from page 1 

Each group has a "mentor" respon- 
sible for pushing the group to reflect on 
each individual's life exerience as 
"experience in ministry." 

"The reading material serves as a 
springboard for reflection on one's life in 
the world," says Wilma Smiley, mentor 
of a Winston-Salem group. She says the 
discussions and the sharing of everyday 
problems that are a regular part of each 
course session help the group develop a 
closeness "that really is the church in 
microcosm." 

But, leaders say, the course also helps 
participants reach out to others. 

"There is a renewed interest in the 
relationship between one's faith and 
one's daily life," Coolidge explains. "The 
point that sells me on the program is 
that there is a strong affirmation that life 
in the world IS the religious life. There's 
no separating church on Sunday and life 
on Monday. 

Reprinted fay permission of the 
Greensboro Daily News. 



responsibility in all these areas," she 
said. 

Asked what she wished the church 
had decided on the ordination of 
homosexuals, Heyward replied that she 
would have been essentially happy with 
the original resolution of the Joint Study 
Commission on Health and Human 
Affairs (also known as the Spears 
Report). 

That resolution, she said, stated that 
no single condition of sexuality in itself 
should be a barrier to ordination and 
that bishops and dioceses could decide 
each case on an individual basis. Such a 
position, she said, would have fostered 
communication with church leaders. 

Although Heyward doesn't expect the 
church to change its position in the near 
future, she believes that the 
homosexuality issue is not settled. She 
is even optimistic that a more "inclusive" 
stance will eventually be taken. 

"At General Convention I did get a 
sense of people's openness to learn 
more about homosexuality," she said. 
The Krumm statement, a conscience 
statement signed by 21 bishops saying 
that they would not be bound by the 
adopted resolution was, in Heyward's 
view, "the most hopeful sign of the 
convention." Statements of this kind, 
she pointed out, are usually taken by 
persons on the conservative side of an 
issue. 

Although the spotlight is currently on 
Heyward because of the homosexuality 
issue, she is still strongly committed to 
and concerned about improving the 
status of women priests, a condition 
which she presently evaluates as "fair." 

On the positive side, she said that 
there are now about 200 women priests 
and another 100 women in seminary. 
However, she said it is hard for women 
to get jobs, and most that do must serve 
as curates. 

"Few parishes are willing to accept a 
woman as rector. It is still assumed that 
women work under the authority of the 
men who run the church," she stated. 
"But where women are serving, some 
incredible things are happening. People 
are recognizing that some of their fears 
regarding women priests are unfounded 




"Women are singularly the most creative force in the church today." — Carter Heyward, 
assistant professor of theology at the Episcopal Divinity School in Cambridge, Mass. 



and that women are very capable 
people." 

Heyward doesn't feel that the 
homosexual issue will have much 
impact on the acceptance of woemn 
priests. "Homosexuality has been an 
invisible issue all along," she noted. "It 
won't muddy the waters with people 
Whose minds aren't already muddy." 




Was it the serm on? 

St Aug 's gets new chaplain 

RALEIGH— The Rev. Ronald N. Fox was instituted as the new Chaplain at St. 
Augustine's College on Wednesday, November 7, at 5:00 p.m. in a service at 
Saint Augustine's College Chapel. The Rt. Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, D.D., Bishop 
of the Diocese of North Carolina, presided. Dr. Prezell Robinson, President of 
Saint Augustine's College, joins Bishop Fraser, Ronald and Anita Fox and their 
children Ronald (age 9) and Reginald (age 5) at the reception which followed in the 
college's Martin Luther King Student Union. 



Heyward encouraged women to take 
a more active role in the church in her 
address to the Myers Park Women of 
the Church, the group which invited her 
to the church and refused to rescind the 
invitation after the public announcement 
of her homosexuality. 

"Women are singularly the most 
creative force in the church today," she 
told Charlotte women and challenged 
them "to do what Jesus did— to become 
involved in the world and to make a 
difference." 

Heyward's immediate future plans 
include completing her Ph.D. at Union 
Theological Seminary in New York and 
publishing her doctoral dissertation 
entitled "The Redemption of God." In 
February she will resume teaching as an 
assistant professor of theology at 
Episcopal Divinity School in Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. 

She hopes to learn Spanish and travel 
to Latin American countries, such as 
Argentina, where liberation theology' is 
being written. Liberation theology she 
defines as theology which develops from 
people's efforts to be liberated from 
unjust social structures. 

"For the last 1800 years Christian 
theology has been developed from 
people above, not below. Liberation 
theology begins at the -bottom and 
moves up," she said. 

Latin America and what the church is 
doing there, Heyward feels is significant 
and will become increasingly important. 

As for the future, Heyward plans to 
stay within the Episcopal church and ' 
continue working for acceptance of her 
beliefs. 

"Despite what some people say, I 
really don't like controversy — or pain — 
but I do believe it is vital to confront 
issues," she said. 



Page 6-The Communicant-December, 1979 



n a glorious autumn da y 

The festival hits a high n ote 





1 |1 

Some relax in the sun, others make last-minute adjustments under the majestic spires of the Duke University Chapel, 




which appears to have captured the attention of many of the acolytes both coming in and going out, 
photography by jim Wallace I 




that is until the service begins, the crucifer advances, and the Rev. Lex S. Mathews preaches the Word 



The Communicant-December, 1979-Page 7 



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Vol. 70 No. 1 



Serving the people of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 



January, 1980 



Conference Center construction to cost $1 million more than expected 
Council recommends borrowing $600,000 against diocesan property 



by Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

RALEIGH— The Diocesan Council took 
the fiscal pulse of the Diocese at its 
January meeting and found it faltering. 

Citing a decline in churches projected 
payments of the 1980 program quotas 
down about 4% from a year ago, Council 
members voted unanimously to cut the 
proposed 1980 Program Budget by 
$53,484. 

As a result of action taken at the 
January 8 meeting, the Finance Depart- 
ment will submit a revised Church's 
Program Budget totalling $644,641 to the 
164th Diocesan Convention when it 
gathers in Charlotte later this month. 

With the exception of a $32,048 
reduction in Diocesan support of the 
National Church Program, however, -the 
Finance Department distributed cuts fairly 
evenly throughout a wide range of 
Diocesan programs in an obvious effort to 
minimize their effect on the budget. 
Youfhwork, Christian Social Ministries, 
College Chaplaincies and Com- 
munications all were departments which 
sustained significant cuts in program funds 
totalling more than $20,000. 

"We really worked very hard to make the 
cuts we had to and still preserve the feel of 
the original budget," explained Phyllis 
Barrett, a member of the Council's Finance 
Committee. 

Expressing his appreciation for the work 
of the Finance Committee, the Rt. Rev. 
Thomas A. Fraser noted that "they had a 
difficult and unpleasant task to do and 
they did it well." 

"I don't like to cut our share of the 
National Church Program Budget," Fraser 
said. "It's a difficult thing to have to do and 
I certainly wouldn't want it to come 
through as lack of support for the National 
Church." 

"It's a move dictated purely by 
necessity," Fraser explained. 

In another move dictated by necessity, 
Council members were also forced to 
reconsider construction of the proposed 
Camp and Conference Center after 
hearing that anticipated construction costs 
for the project were now more than double 
the original estimate made in 1977. 

The Rev. S. F. James Abbott, chairman 
of the Camp and Conference Center 
Committee, told Council members that the 
lowest construction bid for the entire 
Conference Center complex was 
$2,246,339. 

As designed by Raleigh architect Bill 
Dodge, the proposed conference facility 
would provide meeting facilities for 150 
people and, if built in its entirety, overnight 
accommodations for 96. The center is to 
be built on diocesan-owned land just north 
of Greensboro. 

Along with Venture in Mission, the 
Conference Center has been the target of a 
year-long campaign to raise $2 million— 
$1.4 million for the Camp and Conference 
Center and $600,000 for Venture in 
Mission. 

To date campaign receipts total 
$1,666,401 or nearly 83% of the goal. 
$535,861 of that amount has been ear- 
marked for Venture in Mission. The 
remainder— $1,130,540— goes to build the 
new Camp and Conference Center. While 
the project has received the enthusiastic 
support of the Episcopal Churchwomen of 
the diocese, it has met with a mixed 
reaction at the parish level. With the 
campaign now in its second year, 35 
congregations have yet to make a pledge 
and among them are some of the larger 
churches in the Diocese. 

While noting that the campaign has been 
relatively successful "for a low-key effort," 
Bishop Fraser acknowledged that the 
response has been something less than 
enthusiastic. "Every rector and lay-person 



was asked to bring us the names of in- 
dividuals who might be approached for 
large giving," Fraser added, "and not a 
name was submitted." 

And there is some concern about the 
strength of the support which has been 
received, according to Abbott, who 
pointed out "that what we've gotten is a lot 
of passive yes's." 

In the wide-ranging discussion which 
followed, Council members returned again 
and again to the conclusion that any 
decision to proceed with construction 
would mean an increase in the Church's 
Program Budget of between $30 thousand 
and $100 thousand for the next 20 years. 

After nearly three hours of discussion, 
Council members voted 13-7, with one 
abstention, to recommend that the 
Diocesan Convention authorize con- 
struction to begin on the main lodge, the 
manager's house and' one cottage. This 
would provide meeting facilities for 150 
people and overnight accommodations for 



48 at a total cost of $1.6 million. 

In view of the existing shortfall between 
campaign receipts and construction costs, 
the Council members recommended that 
Convention authorize up to $600,000 in 
long-term borrowing using the conference 
center itself and other Diocesan property, 
as collateral. 

An open hearing on the Camp and 
Conference Center will be held during the 
upcoming Diocesan Convention. 

Although Council members were clearly 
divided on the merits of their resolution, 
there was widespread agreement that 
Convention had a difficult decision to 
make. 

"It turns out we were off in our estmate," 
the Rev. Louis C. Melcher, Jr., explained, 
"and now we need to go back to the 
Diocese and tell them if they still want it it's 
going to cost more and we're going to have 
to raise more." 

As a result, an open hearing on the 



Camp and Conference Center will be held 
during the upcoming Diocesan Con- 
vention. Scheduled for Friday night, 
January 25, the hearing will be chaired by a 
committee composed of Council members 
Rose Flannagan and Alfred Purrington, III, 
and lay delegate Joel Weston. 

Any recommendations issuing from that 
hearing will be reported to the Convention 
floor before the budget presentation on 
Saturday morning. 

In related business, the Council also 
voted to disburse approximately $149,000 
in Venture in Mission funds through direct 
payments to the designated projects in 
January, 1980. Additional disbursements 
will be made as funds are received on VIM 
Campaign pledges. 

In other business the Diocesan Council 
re-elected Michael Schenck, III, Business 
Administrator for the Diocese, to the 
positions of Treasurer, Registrar and 
Secretary of the Diocesan Council. 



1980 Week of Prayer for Christian Unity: 

"Your Kingdom Come" 




GRAYMOOR, NY— In an age when global nuclear disaster is a 
definite possibility and the world is continually threatened by in- 
ternational terrorism and lawlessness, the theme for the 1980 Week 
of Prayer for Christian Unity — "Your Kingdom Come" — sounds a call 
for Christian prayer and action on behalf of world justice and peace, 
the two marks of the kingdom of God. 

Begun in the United States during 1908 by Father Paul Wattson, 
SA, the founder of the Atonement Friars, the Week of Prayer is now 
observed throughout the world by most Christian churches. 

More and more popular each year, the Week of Prayer is now 
recognized as an occasion for making significant ecumenical strides. 

Among Roman Catholics, for example, the Week of Prayer 
provided the opportunity in 1959 for the late Pope John XXIII to 
announce his plan to convoke the Second Vatican Council which 
created revolutionary changes in the church. 

This year's observance begins on Friday, January 18, and reminds 
all Christians that God's kingdom has already been established on 
earth in and through Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace and Lord of Lords. 
The kingdom is a present fact, not merely a future event— it is 
"already" although "not yet." 

The theme for the 1980 Week of Prayer— "Your Kindom Come"— is 
taken from the New Testament prayer which Christians call the Lord's 
Prayer, the only example of extended prayer which Jesus left his 
followers (Matthew 6:10). 

The theme was selected by the Graymoor Ecumenical Institute, 

with headquarters here, and the Commission on Faith and Order of 

continued on page 12 



Charlotte hosts 1980 Diocesan Convention 
Debate expected on conference center plan 



CHARLOTTE— A special hearing on 
the fate of the proposed Camp and 
Conference Center and an address by the 
Bishop Coadjutor-elect are expect to 
highlight the 164th Diocesan Convention 
when it meets here January 25 and 26. 

Some 400 clergy and lay delegates 
representing 101 parishes and organized 
missions will gather in Charlotte's 
Sheraton Center for the lVz day session 
which is scheduled- to begin with the 
Convention Eucharist at 10 a.m. Friday. 

The convention is being hosted by the 
Greater Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte, 
under the direction of the Rev. L. Bartine 
Sherman, Host Rector, and Anne 
Tomlinson, head of the Convention 
Committee. 

The Reve. Robert W. Estill, Rector of St. 
Michael and All Angels, Dallas and Bishop 
Coadjutor-elect of this diocese will address 
the delegates at the Convention Banquet 
schedule for 6:30 Friday evening. 



This will mark the first time Estill has 
spoken before the Diocese since his 
election on November 2, and delegates are 
expected to crowd the banquet hall for 
their first opportunity to hear the diocese's 
next bishop. 

In addition to elections to the Standing 
Committee and the Diocesan Council, 
convention delegates will also be asked to 
elect one diocesan trustee for the 
University of the South, ten members of 
the Board of Directors of the Episcopal 
Home for the Ageing, and three members 
of the Board of Managers of Episcopal 
Child Care Services. 

Pre-convention nominations for the 
Board of Directors of the Episopal Home 
for the "Ageing have been received for the 
Rev. Arthur J. Calloway. Rector of St. 
Ambrose Church, Raleigh: Mr. E. E. Carter 
of Christ Church, Raleigh; Mrs. Paul Dana 
of Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines; Mr. 
William P. Davis of Emmanuel Church, 



Southern Pines; Dr. William F. Hollister of 
Emmanuel Church, Southern Pines; Mrs. 
Peter Katavolos of Emmanuel Church, 
Southern Pines; Mrs. M. Eugene Mot- 
singer, Jr. of Galloway Memorial Church, 
Elkin; Mr. Charles W. Pinckney of Church 
of the Redeemer, Greensboro; Mrs. W. C. 
Ruffin of Emmanuel Church, Southern 
Pines; and for the Rev. William L. 
Williams, Rector of All Saints' Church, 
Roanoke Rapids. 

Nominations have also been received for 
positions on the Board of Managers of the 
Episcopal Child Care Services for Mr. 
Erwin L. Laxton of Christ Church, 
Charlotte; Mr. James O. Moore, of Christ 
Church, Charlotte; and for Mr. Haywood 
Clark Smith, of St. Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

The Rev. Luis Leon, Assistant to the 
Rector at St. Peter's, Charlotte, had been 
nominated for the position of Diocesan 
Trustee of the University of the South. 



newsbriefs 

state and local 



world and national 



Council gets ERA Coordinator 




Bett Hargrave 

RALEIGH— Bett Hargrave, an English 
instructor at Davidson County Community 
College, had taken a leave of absence to 
become the staff coordinator for the North 
Carolina Council of Churches' Committee for 
the Equal Rights Ammendment. She will 
travel across the state mobilizing members of 
the religious community in behalf of ERA 
and organizing educational programs to 
clarify the religious basis for equality between 
the sexes. Mrs. Hargrave is the mother of 
three daughters. She is an active member of 
Grace Episcopal Church in Lexington. 
"Christ demonstrated a love and respect for 
all persons regardless of sex, race, nationality 
or social standing," she said. 

Laurinburg gets a new priest 

LAURINBURG— The institution last 
Sunday (Dec. 9) of the Rev. John R. 
Chisholm as vicar of St. David's Episcopal 
Church, Laurinburg, N.C., lived up to its 
name in the new Book of Common Prayer- 
it was a real celebration! 

The little church was filled, with extra 
chairs lifting it to its overall capacity of 100. 
Five priests from the Sandhills Convocation 
participated, with the Dean, the Very Rev. 
Donald W. Frazier, acting for'Bishop 
Thomas A. Fraser as Institutor. The Rev. 
Nicholson B. White, Rector of Emmanuel 
Church, Southern Pines, was the preacher; 
the Rev. Harvey H. Ray, vicar of All Saints' 
Church, Hamlet, was the Litanist, clerical 
Master of Ceremonies and Thurifer; the Rev. 
Terry R. Taylor, rector of Calvary Church, 
Wadesboro, was the Gospeller; and the Rev. 
Roland J. Whitmire, rector of Church of the 
Messiah in Rockingham, presented the 
Constitution and Canons. 

The Rev. Richard C. Prust, philosophy 
professor at St. Andrew's Presbyterian 
College, read the Old Testament Lesson; 
Carol Whitehead and John M. Aldridge, of 
St. David's, read the Psalm and Epistle 
respectively. The Wardens, James R. 
MacKenzie and Michael J. Fedak, presented 
Father Chisholm for institution and in- 
duction. Twenty three members of the 
congregation made presentations to their 
new vicar as part of a special service order, 
designed to typify his 40-year service and to 
dramatize the meaning of this manifold 
ministry to the Laurinburg area. A choir, 
directed by Betty Aldridge, with Ronnie Ollis 
as organist, sang the service and Oren 
Whitehead served as lay Master of 
Ceremonies. 



St. Francis celebrates first 
quarter century 

GREENSBORO-St. Francis Episcopal 
Church, Greensboro, celebrated its 25th 
anniversary recently with the Rev. Peter 
Chase Robinson of Goldsboro, the original 
priest-in-charge, on hand to participate in 
two days of anniversary activity. 

St. Francis was established as a mission of 
Greensboro's Holy Trinity Episcopal Church 
in 1954. Early services were held in Irving 
Park School. The land on Lawndale was 
purchased in 1955 and construction on the 
first building started. Since 1955 the facilities 
have been expanded three times, including a 
larger parish hall that is currently under 
construction. 

The church became an independent parish 
of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina 
in 1956. The Rev. Mr. Robinson, who was 
with the mission and later parish from the 
beginning, resigned in 1974 to become rector 
of St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in 
Goldsboro, where he continues to serve. 

All former members of St. Francis were 
invited to return for the anniversary ob- 
servance which began with a dinner in the 
church's Parish Hall. A collection of films 
and slides taken by parishioners was shown, 
and both the history and the future of the 
parish were discussed. 

On Sunday communion services were held 
at 9:30 aim. and 11:15 a.m., with the Rt. 
Rev. Thomas A. Fraser, Bishop of the 
Diocese of North Carolina, as celebrant of 
the later service. The Rev. Mr. Robinson 
preached at both services. 

A reception was held in the Parish Hall 
after the service. 



Durham church windows a 
smash hit in the Big Apple 

NEW YORK CITY-Three specially 
designed stained glass windows in St. 
Stephen's Church in Durham, N.C., depicting 
the life of Christ, were displayed for the 
second year as the Eastman Kodak Com- 
pany Colorama in Grand Central Terminal, 
Dec. 17, 1979 to Jan. 14, 1980. 

The Kodak Colorama uses the world's 
largest color transparencies for a gigantic 
display covering most of the station's east 
wall in the main concourse with a 
photograph 18 feet tall and 60 feet long. St. 
Stephen's windows, which made their debut 
as the subject of last year's Christmas-season 
Colorama, "virtually transformed the terminal 
into a cathedral-like interior and was ac- 
claimed as one of the most beautiful scenes 
ever to appear in the Colorama's 29-year 
history," according to a Kodak executive. 
This is the first time Kodak has ever 
repeated a subject. 

Donald McDill, of Kodak's Photographic 
Illustrations Department, photographed the 
scene in 1978 using Vericolor film. Working 
from a scaffolding rigged in front of the three 
windows, McDill waited 5 days for the 
proper natural light behind the windows 
before photographing them. 

This is the 453rd in a series of Coloramas 
displayed in Grand Central Terminal since 
1950. Subjects, changed approximately every 
five weeks, have ranged from undersea 
scenes to seasonal photographs taken 
around the world. 



The COMMUNICANT 

formerly The North Carolina Churchman 

Editor: Christopher Walters-Bugbee 

Art Director: Dani Bayley 

Production Assistant: Polly Downward 



The Communicant is published ten times 
a year (monthly, except July and August,) by 
the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina. 
Non-diocesan subscriptions are $2.00. 

Publication number (USPS 392-580) 
i Second class postage paid at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and at additional post 
[offices. 



Articles, photographs and artwork are 
always welcome, but unsolicited material 
should be accompanied by a stamped self- 
addressed envelope if its return is 
desired. The deadline is the 15th of the 
month (or first business day thereafter) for 
the issue dated the following month. 



Cambodia in desperate need 
of children's clothing from 
Carolina 

DURHAM-Church World Service has 
issued a recent request for 1,124,035 pounds 
of clothing and Clothing-Appeal items, the 
largest requests being 82,573 pounds of 
layettes; 203,598 pounds of infant-preschool 
wear; 65,032 pounds of children's clothing; 
148,582 pounds of soap; and 135,000 
pounds of school, health and sewing supplies 
(kits). 

North Carolina donated more used 
clothing in 1979 than in any previous year 
with a total of 205,230 pounds. There was 
record poundage of over 100,000 in the 
September pick-up with a corresponding 
increase in processing funds. Donations for 
blankets are still being received with an 
anticipated income of over 4 25,000 for 1979. 

The Church World Service trucks return to 
the 35 North Carolina Clothing Depots 
during the third week in February. Donations 
should be taken to depots during the prior 
week with all items boxed and labeled, 
securely tied with stout cord, and not 
weighing more than 40 pounds. In order to 
defray costs of sorting, baling, and transport, 
donors are requested to contribute 15C per 
pound for all donations. Further infdrfflation 
can be secured by calling the nearest depot 
or the regional CWS office, 1006 Lamond 
Avenue, Durham, N.C. 27701— (919) 688- 
3843, Church World Service (CWS) is the 
cooperative relief and development arm of 
some thirty U.S. denominations. 



LOS ANGELES (DPS)-The Episcopal 
Cathedral Church of St. Paul in downtown 
Los Angeles has been sold to Mitsui 
Fudosan, an American subsidiary of a 
Japanese real estate development cor- 
poration, for an undisclosed price. Bishop 
Robert C. Rusack at the Diocese of Los 
Angeles convention last May had enumerated 
the realistic facts about the cathedral; $2 
million to bring the buildings into line with 
anticipated earthquake codes and additional 
funds needed to rebuild the organ, install a 
new heating system, and replace inadequate 
wiring and plumbing. The cathedral had been 
severly damaged in the 1971 earthquake. 
After securing the removal of the historical 
t designation for the building, the 
)verwhelmingly endorsed the 
Cathedral Corporation's proposal to entertain 
bids for sale or lease of the property. The 
present building was constructed in 1926 
and was a pro-cathedral until 1958 when the 
property was given to the diocese for its 
cathedral. The present congregation numbers 
about 100, which cannot financially support 
the property. 



Courts return church 
property to dioceses 

NEW YORK (DPS)-Members of two 
congregations who voted to secede from 
their dioceses in the Episcopal Church have 
been ordered by courts in late November to 
return the property to their respective 
dioceses. 

In a decision monitored closely by other 
disaffected parishes, Roanoke Circuit Court 
Judge L. L. Koontz, Jr., ordered the 132- 
year-old Ascension Church on property in 
rural Amherst, Va., returned to the Diocese 
of Southwestern Virginia. 

Judge John Brooks, Jr., Denver District 
Court, ruled Nov. 29 that the disputed 
property of St. Mary's Church in Denver 
belongs to those members of the parish who 
voted not to secede from the Diocese of 
Colorado in 1976. 

Ascension's parishioners had voted 59-44 
last May to split from the diocese in a 
dispute over the Church's General Con- 
vention decision in 1976 to permit the or- 
dination of women to the priesthood, and 
other issues. 

In the Denver decision, Judge Brooks rules 
that the Episcopal Church is a hierarchical 
church and that St. Mary's Church is a 
subordinate part of that heirarchy. 



His decision came three years and one day 
after the parish— valued at $450,000 in 
1974 — became the first in the U.S. to secede 
from the Episcopal Church following the 
1976 Convention. Its then-rector, the Rev. 
James O. Mote, was later consecrated 
bishop in the newly-formed Anglican 
Catholic Church where he is now Bishop of 
the Diocese.of the Holy Trinity. 



people 



The Communicant has received notice of 
the following changes of cures: 

The Rev. Jack Glenn Flinton: From 
Non-parochial to The Diocese of Western 
North Carolina. 

The Rev. Victor Frederiksen, III: From 
Assistant, St. John's Church, Charlotte to 
The Diocese of Southern Ohio. 

The Rev. Harvey H. Ray: From Vicar, All 
Saints' Church, Hamlet to Graduate 
Student, San Francisco, California. 

The Rev. David H. Wright: From Non 
stipendiary Assistant to the Rector, 
Church of the Redeemer, Morristown, New 
Jersey to Non-stipendiary Priest-in-Charge, 
St. Matthew's Church, Kernersville. 



calendar 



January 



13— Northeast Convocation: Pre 

convention Convocation meeting. 

14— Worship and Liturgy: Worship and 
Liturgy Commission meets at St. An- 
drew's, Charlotte, 10:30 a.m. 
— Sandhills Convocation: Pre 
convention Convocation meeting. 

15— Central Convocation: Pre- 
convention Convocation meeting at Good 
Shepherd, Raleigh, 7:30 p.m. 

16— Charlotte Clerlcus: Charlotte 
Clericus meets at 12:30 p.m. 

—Northwest Convocation: Pre 

convention Convocation meeting. 
17— Southwest Convocation: Pre- 

convention Convocation meeting. 
21— Northeast Clericus: Northeast 

Convocation Clericus meets at Good 

Shepherd, Rocky Mount, 10:30 a.m. 
22— Smyth Lecture: Dr. Gerald May 

speaks at St. Mary's House, Greensboro, 

7:30p.m. 
23— Smyth Lecture: Dr. Gerald May 

speaks at St. Mary's House, Greensboro, 

7:30 p.m. 
25— Diocesan Convention: Annual 

Diocesan Convention meets in Charlotte 

through 1/26/80. 
29— Standing Committee: Standing 

Committee meeting (tentative), 11:00 a.m. 

February 

1— ECW: ECW elect branch officers and 

delegates to Annual Meeting. 

—Parochial Reports: 1979 Parochial 

Reports due in the office of the Secretary of 

the Diocese. 
6— Charlotte Fellowship: Greater 

Episcopal Fellowship of Charlotte meets at 

Christ Church, 12:30 p.m. 
8— St. Augustine's: St. Augustine's 

Board of Trustees meeting. 

—Training for Ministry: National 

Institute for Lay Training meeting through 

2/10/80. 

Youth Ministries: Leadership Training 

Conference for youth and adults working 

with youth through 2/10/80. 
12— Northwest Convocation. Northwest 

Convocation meets at 10:00 a.m. 

—Parish Grant: Parish Grant Com- 
mittee meets at 10:00 a.m. 

—ECW: ECW Diocesan Board meeting. 
18— Clericus: Northeast Convocation 

Clericus meets at Good Shepherd, Rocky 

Mount, 10:30 a.m. 
20— Clericus: Charlotte Clericus meets at 

12:30 p.m. 
26— Standing Committee: Standing 

Committee meeting (Tentative), 11:00 



Page 2-The Communicant-January, 1980 



The Annual Report 



Program Budget 
Disbursements: 



Budgeted Proposed 
1979 1980 



1 National Church Program $ 215,247 

2 Province of Sewanee 2,322 



Archdeacon and Canon to the 
Ordinary 

3 Salary 

4 Housing ' 

5 Utilities 

6 Travel Expense 

Mission Strategy 

7 Program Planning 

8 Assistance Mission Churches 

9 Christ the King Center 

10 Deaf Congregations 

11 Duke University Medical Center 

12 College Chaplains' Salary, Housing, Pen- 
sion, Insurance 

13 College Chaplains' Discretionary Funds. . . 

14 College Chaplains' Program Funds 

15 College Chaplains' Secretary and Office 
Expense 

16 College Chaplains' Student Center 
' Operations 

17 N.C. Central University . 

18 Grant-in-Aid to Chapel of the Cross 

Christian Social Ministries 

19 Director's Salary. . 

20 Director's Housing 

21 Director's Utilities 

22 Director's Travel 

23 Program Funds 

24 Appalachian People's Service Organization 
(APSO) 

Youth 

25 Director's Salary 

26 Director's Housing 

27 Director's Utilities 

28 Director's Travel 

29 Program Funds 



Communications . . 

30 Press Officer's Salary . . 

31 Travel Expense 

32 Publication Expense of 
The Communicant .... 

33 Program Funds 



Ecumenical Relations . 

34 N.C. Council of Churches. . 

35 Committee Expense 



36 The Terraces 

37 Every Member Canvass 

38 Liturgy and Worship. . . . ^ 

39 Christian Education & Training . 

40 Camp and Conference Center . . . 

41 Overseas Missions 



Miscellaneous 

42 Secretarial Support 

43 Property Maintenance 

44 Moving Clergy 

45 Pensions and Social Security 

46 Miscellaneous Committee Expense . 

47 Contingent Fund 



18,146 
3,571 
1,714 
4,500 



4,000 
55,800 
29,286 
24,972 
14,000 

60,630 
1,800 
5,000 



6,961 
3,000 
15,000 



17,395 
3,414 
1,638 
4,500 
8,550 

2,000 



14,923 
3,198 
1,279 
3,000 
7,000 



12,500 
3,000 



21,960 



4,700 
1,000 

7,500 
1,600 
3,565 
8,530 
5,000 



19,450 
3,000 
5,000 
9,568 
800 
4,000 



TOTAL BUDGET $653,673 

(Moved from EMF for 1980) 33.181 



19,416 
3,821 
1,834 
4,500 



4,000 
56,000 
25,000 
27,952 
14,000 

79,227 
1,800 
4,500 

10,070 

7,420 
3,000 
12,500 



18,613 
3,653 
1,753 
5,000 

10,500 

3,000 



15,968 
3,422 
1,368 
3,300 
9,526 



13,910 
4,000 



24,500 
1,060 



5,029 
1,000 



1,000 
3,565 
8,530 
6,000 
1,500 



Revised 
1980 



189,600 
2,000 



19,416 
3,821 
1,834 
4,500 



3,600 
51,569 
25,000 
27,952 
14,000 

74,826 
1,700 
3,750 

10,070 

7,420 
-0- 
12,500 



18,613 
3,653 
1,753 
5,000 
9,500 

2,000 



15,968 
3,422 
1,368 
3,300 
8,500 



13,910 
4,000 



24,500 



4,500 
600 



1,000 
3,565 
8,530 
5,000 
1,350 



26,429 


26,429 


3,000 


3,000 


5,500 


5,000 


13,622 


13,622 


1,000 


1,000 


4,000 


2,000 



Receipts: 

48 Quotas 

49 Trust Funds 

50 Church's Program Surplus . 

51 Church's Program Reserve . 
Fund Income 



$620,492 $698,125 $644,641 



592,039 
4,500 
8,756 



692,625 
5,500 



$621,249 
5,500 



17,892 



TOTAL INCOME $620,492 $698,125 $644,641 



1980 



Maintenance Budget 




Disbursements: Budgeted 

1979 
Bishop 

1 Salary $ 36,750 

2 Housing 5,000 

3 Utilities 2,400 

4 Travel Expense 6,500 

5 Episcopal Assistance 9,000 



Bishop Coadjutor . 

6 Salary 

7 Housing 

8 Utilities 

9 Travel Expense 



Secretary of the Diocese. . 

10 Salary 

11 Clerical and Office Expense . . . 

Treasurer/Administrator . 

12 Salary 

13 Travel Expense 



Conventions 

14 Diocesan Journal Expense 

15 Parish Expense 

16 Diocese Expense 

17 Assessment of General Convention . . . 

18 General Convention Delegate Expense . 

Diocesan House 

19 Secretarial Support 

20 Insurance 

21 Utilities and Maintenance 

22 Telephone and Telegraph 

23 Office Supplies and Postage 

24 Equipment Replacement and Repair . . . 

25 Computer Service 



Insurance 

26 Workmen's Compensation ....... 

27 Fire and Liability— Other Property. . 

28 Surety Bond 

29 Pensions and Social Security 

30 Life and Medical Insurance 



Miscellaneous 

31 Commission on Ministry. 

32 Standing Committee . . . 

33 Diocesan Council 

34 Convocation Deans 

35 Special Grant 

36 Audit 

37 Contingent Fund 



-0- 
-0- 
-0- 
-0- 



2,500 
1,650 



25,500 
3,750 



5,000 
1,000 
350 
12,870 
4,000 



24,700 
950 
15,300 
12,000 
12,000 
3,000 
-0- 



260 
2,800 
1,026 
24,568 
25,227 



3,000 

800 

800 

600 

1,800 

3,900 

2,500 



Proposed 
1980 

$ 39,325 
5,350 
2,568 
7,000 
5,000 



30,000 
7,000 
3,000 
7,000 



2675 
1,750 



27,285 
4,000 



5,500 
2,000 
400 
14,100 
4,500 



37,929 
1,002 
16,700 
13,500 
14,900 
3,500 
4,200 



397 

3,082 

1,026 

27,528 

28,557 



3,500 

800 

800 

600 

1,926 

4,000 

2,500 



TOTAL BUDGET $251,501 

(Moved to CPF for 1980) 33,181 



Receipts: 



$284,682 $334,900 



38 Assessments $ 268,982 $ 315,900 

39 TrustFunds 12,500 14,500 

40 Interest 3,200 4,500 



TOTAL INCOME 



$284,682 $334,900 



The Communicant- January, 1 980-Pag 



ADMINISTRATION 



Standing Committee 

A summary of actions taken by the 
Standing Committee in 10 meetings, 
January through November, 1979: 

(1) Consented to six episcopal 
elections: A Bishop Coadjutor each for 
Southern Ohio, Connecticut, East 
Carolina and Pittsburgh; a Suffragan 
Bishop each for Virginia and West 
Texas. 

(2) Consented to nine con- 
secrations: the Rev. Calvin O. 
Schofield, Bishop Coadjutor of 
Southeast Florida; the Rev. Arthur 
Heath Light, Bishop of Southwestern 
Virginia; the Ven. Bernardo Merino 
Botero, Bishop of Colombia; the Rev. 
William Edward Swing, Bishop 
Coadjutor of California; the Rev. 
Stanley Fillmore Hauser, Suffragan of 
West Texas; Canon Walter D. Dennis, 
Jr., Suffragan of New York; the Rev. 
Roberto Martinez Resendiz, Suffragan 
of Central and South Mexico; the Rev. 
Canon Pui Yeung Cheung, Bishop of 
Taiwan; the Rev. Harold A. Hopkins, 
Jr., Bishop of North Dakota. 

(3) Consented and advised the 
Bishop to give his written consent to: 

—The sale of a former rectory by St. 
Christopher's, Charlotte. 

—Two sales of land in Charlotte by 
the Thompson Home. 

—The sale of an annex to its church 
property by St. Peter's, Charlotte. 

—The sale of a vacant lot in 
Mocksville by the Trustes of the 
Diocese. 



—The purchase and financing of two 
houses by Good Shepherd, Asheboro. 

—The purchase and financing of a 
residence for a third clergyman by St. 
Francis', Greensboro. 

—The financing and plant 
enlargement of Christ Church, Rocky 
Mount. 

—The financing of plant enlargement 
by St. Francis', Greensboro. 

—The sale of 106.729 acres by St. 
Paul's, Winston-Salem. 

—The financing of plant enlargement 
by St. Paul's, Cary, including the sale 
of its former rectory. 

—The sale of its rectory by Holy 
Comforter, Burlington. 

—The lease of two houses by Holy 
Innocents, Henderson. 

— The sale of its rectory by St. 
Thomas', Sanford. 

—The lease of unused Ephphatha 
Church, Durham. 

—The weekday lease of the parish 
house and playground area of All 
Saints', Warrenton. 

—The sale of The Terraces, 
Southern Pines. 

—The sale by the Trustees of the 
Diocese of a one-half interest in 62.48 
acres in Rowan County. 

—The purchase and financing of 
adjacent property by Good Shepherd, 
Rocky Mount. 

—The sale of a residence by St. 
Mary's, High Point. 

—The grant of a cablevision 
easement across rectory property of 
St. Barnabas', Greensboro. 

(4) Advised the Bishop not to 



consent to the granting of a right of 
way affecting property of St. Mary's, 
Orange County. 

(5) Advised the Bishop to hold the 
special convention to elect a Bishop 
Coadjutor in St. Paul's Church, 
Winston-Salem, on November 2, 
1979. 

(6) Met personally with, and 
recommended for ordination to the 
priesthood, the Rev. John Edward 
Borrego, Deacon, and the Rev. Scott 
Thorne Holcombe, Deacon. 

(7) Met personally with one 
Candidate for Holy Orders. 

(8) Elected Rose Flannagan and 
Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., as its 
members on the Nominating Com- 
mittee for the office of Bishop 
Coadjutor of North Carolina. 

(9) Conducted the canonically 
required annual survey of parishes and 
missions, and took appropriate and 
necessary actions thereon. 

(10) Acted as a council of advice to 
the Bishop at his request on six oc- 
casions. 

(11) Other than its canonical duties 
therein, also agreed to assist the 
Bishop in connection with the forth- 
coming consecration of the Bishop 
Coadjutor-elect. 

(12) The officers of the Committee 
during 1979 were Jacob A. Viverette, 
Jr., President; Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr., 
Secretary; Arthur J. Calloway, 
Representative to the Diocesan 
Council. 

Joseph B. Cheshire, Jr. 



Church Pension Fund 



During 1979 benefits paid by the 
Church Pension Fund increased 11.4% 
over the previous year. On a church- 
wide basis, annual benefits being paid 
by the Fund are as follows: 



4,415 $14,388,612 



Grants in force during 1979 for the 
Diocese of North Carolina as reported 
by the Church Pension Fund are as 
follows: 



Retired Clergy 
Widows 
Children 



The 66th General Convention 
requested that the Church Pension 
Fund study retirement options that are 
available to the clergy, that the Fund 
consider increasing the factor used in 
computing pensions to at least 1.35 % 
instead of the present 1.15 % and that 
the pension premium be increased 
from 18% to 20 % of salary. The 
Convention also asked that the Fund 
present recommendations so that the 
minimum pension might be doubled 
and to improve support for persons 
with low pensions. The Convention 
urged all dioceses, churches and 
church institutions to participate in a 
National Pension Plan for lay em- 
ployees which will be launched by the 
Church Life Insurance Company 
beginning January 1, 1980, and urged 
that they provide medical insurance 



for retired lay and clerical employees. 

Ou committee was saddened by the 
death of John B. London of Charlotte 
in April, 1979. Mr. London served this 
Diocese faithfully for many years anf 
or 10 years was chairman of this 
committee. His leadership in the 
Diocese and on this committee will be 
missed. 

The Church Pension Fund Com- 
mittee again wishes to remind all 
persons responsible for the payment of 
Pension Fund assessments that in 
addtion to being required by Canon, 
regular payments are a matter of grave 
importance in protecting the retirement 
benefits of clergymen, and it is 
essential that these payments be made 
promptly. 

H. Gilliam Nicholson 



Chancellor of the 
Diocese 



Since January 1, 1979, the 
Chancellor of the Diocese has given 
advice to the Bishop and rendered 
various legal opinions concerning: , 

(1) The provisions of the Murdoch 
Memorial Society; 

(2) The election of vestrymen and 
vestry committee appointments; 

(3) Title to church occupied land; 

(4) Voting for a Bishop; 

(5) Preferential ballots. 

A. L. Purrington, Jr. 



Trustees of the 
Diocese 



The Trustees of the Diocese of 
North Carolina report the following for 
the year 1979: 

(1) The sale of the former rectory for 
the Missioner to the Deaf, the income 
from the proceeds of $39,887.50 to be 
expended at the discretion of the 
Bishop. 

(2) Receipt of $88,969.80 from the 
William A. and Hilda R. Erwin Trust, 
the income, as required by the Trust, 
to be used at the discretion of the 
Trustees. 

(3) Advice to the Investment 
Committee that income from in- 
vestment trust funds cannot be ac- 
cumulated. 

(4) Donated the church building of 
St. Mark's, Siler City, to Mordecai 
Square, Raleigh, on the condition that 
it be preserved as an example of an 
historic plantation chapel. 

(5) Sale of tracts of Thompson 
Orphanage property to Shoney's 
South, Inc.,for $136,833.65 and 
Bayrock Investment Com- 
pany/Wendy's, Inc., for $204,875.40. 

(6) Sale of property in Mocksville for 
$13 500 

(7) Receipt of $75,000 for 
unrestricted use of the Diocese in 
conformity with a judgment in Anson 
County Superior Court involving the 
will of General William A. Smith. The 
Diocese has no further interest or 
responsibility in the trust fund 
established by General Smith. 

(8) Sale of The Terraces in Southern 
Pines for $120,000. 

A. L. Purrington, Jr. 



Diocesan Council 



Since the 1979 Diocesan Con- 
vention, the Diocesan Council met four 
times at the Diocesan House, Raleigh, 
North Carolina. The following is a 
summary of these meetings. 

March 8, 1979— Approved ap- 
pointments to various program 
committees and the Department of 
Finance for 1979; elected Mr. Marion 
Follin, Sr., to the Investment Com- 
mittee, and Mr. Alex Rankin, III, and 
Mrs. June Long to the Parish Grant 
Committee. Heard that pledges to the 
Campaign totaled $1,153,989 and that 
$62,484.60 had been received to date. 
Heard reports from the Venture in 
Mission Committee and the Camp and 
Conference Center Committee, and 
voted that 30% of all undesignated 
ncome go to Venture in Mission and 
70% undesignated income go to the 
Conference Center. Approved a new 



medical/dental insurance program, 
effective April 1, 1979. Authorized the 
Camp and Conference Committee to 
employ an architect to develop detailed 
drawings in preparation for soliciting 
bids for the construction of the Center, 
and authorized the Committee to go 
ahead with construction of a roadway. 
The Bishop appointed a committee to 
develop specific plans for financing the 
construction of the Center. Restored 
$1,000 to Appalachian People's 
Service Organization. Recommended 
that the Bishop and Trustees take 
necessary steps to sell The Terraces. 
Elected Mr. Jacob Froelich, the Rev. 
Peter J. Lee, the Rev. William P. Price 
and Mr. A. L. Purrington, III, to serve 
on the Bishop Coadjutor Nominating 
Committee. 

May 17, 1 979— Received a report 
that by a Judgment from Anson 
County Superior Court, the Diocese 
received $75,000 from the income of 



the Estate of General William A. 
Smith, and designated that this income 
be applied to the Campaign as an 
undesignated receipt. Approved a 
$30,000 loan application from Christ 
Church, Rocky Mount, to the 
Revolving Loan Fund of the Episcopal 
Church Foundation. In response to the 
Camp and Conference Center 
Committee report, approved con- 
struction of a permanent roadway to 
the building site; and authorized the 
Diocesan Treasurer to execute an 
agreement between the Diocese and 
Dodge & Beckwith, Architects. Heard 
a report from the Venture in Mission 
Committee and agreed that these 
funds should go directly from this 
Diocese to the various projects rather 
than routed through the National 
Church. Received from the Episcopal 
Churchwomen of the Diocese a pledge 
of $100,000 for a cottage at the 
Conference Center. Heard a report 



from Mr. John Powell, Executive 
Director of the Thompson Home. 

September 6, 1979— Adopted a 
$12,300 minimum salary for full-time 
clergy effective January 1, 1980. 
Adopted a tentative 1980 Episcopal 
Maintenance budget of $334,900 and 
Church's Program budget of $698,125. 
Heard progress reports from the Camp 
and Conference Center Committee and 
the Venture in Mission Committee, as 
well as reports from the various 
program committees of the Diocese. 
The Bishop Coadjutor Nominating 
Committee announced the five can- 
didates which it would present to the 
Special Convention. 

January 8, 1980— 

For a summary of the actions taken 
by the Diocesan Council at its January 
meeting, please refer to the front page 
of this issue of The Communicant 

Michael Schenck, III 



Page 4-The Communicant- January, 1980 



Historiographer 



I am glad to report that two in- 
teresting parochial histories have 
appeared in 1979: The Episcopal 
Church in Burlington, 1879-1979, by 
Margaret Elizabeth Gant, and The 
Upper Room, the Story of St. An- 
drew's Chapel, by Robert Graham. 

During the past year more inquiries 
than usual have been received and 
answered from parishes seeking in- 
formation about their history. This is 
an encouraging indication that our 
churches are becoming increasingly 
interested in adding to and preserving 
their records of the past. 

I had an all-day conference with the 
Tower Room Committee of St. Paul's 
Church, Winston-Salem, concerning 
their acquisition and preservation 
programs of their parish archives and 
library. This collection is becoming an 



important repository of materials 
relating to the whole diocese as well as 
to St. Paul's parish. 

I have written two biographical 
sketches of clergymen from our 
diocese for the forthcoming Dictionary 
of North Carolina Biography: The Rev. 
John H. M. Pollard, who was Ar- 
chdeacon of the Convocation for Work 
Among Colored People in this diocese 
from 1898-1908; and of the Rt. Rev. 
Bravid W. Harris, a native of 
Warrenton, N.C., who was Bishop of 
the Missionary District of Liberia from 
1945-1964. 

The Rt. Rev. Thomas Cashmore, 
Retired Bishop of Dunwich, England, 
recently sent me a small but interesting 
collection of documents relating to the 
Anglican church in the colony of North 
Carolina which will be added our our 
archives. 

Lawrence F. London 



North Carolina 
Episcopal Church 
Foundation, Inc. 

The North Carolina Episcopal 
Church Foundation, Inc., was 
established in 1955 for the purpose of 
aiding in the expansion of the Church 
in the Diocese. Funds are available to 
parishes and missions and to other 
institutions owned by the Diocese for: 
erection of buildings; acquisitions of 
buildings and property; and repairs, 
renovations and improvements to 
existing facilities. 

During the past year the directors 
approved three loans: (1) Church of 
the Redeemer, Greensboro, $13,600; 
(2) Christ Church, Rocky Mount, 
$60,000; (3) Church of the Good 
Shepherd, Asheboro, $50,000. A 



grant of $2,240 was made to St. 
Christopher's, High Point. 

The Foundation enjoys a sound 
financial operation. The Wachovia 
Bank and Trust Company N.A. serves 
as fiscal agent and Treasurer. 

As of October 31, 1979 the face 
amount of loans amounted to 
$523,600 with a principal balance due 
of $236,914.25. Total assets and yield 
at fiscal year end (10/31/79) are: 



Assets 


Yield 


$ 899 




150,000 


13.9% 


132,283 


8.4% 


269,538 


51% 


236,914 


3.7% 



Common Stocks 

TOTALS $789,635 

The Foundation welcomes inquiries 
from parishes, missions and wholly 
owned diocesan institutions. 

Charles M. Shaffer 



Committee on 
Constitution and 
Canons 



Three recommendations will be 
included in the Committee's report to 
the Convention: 

(1) The merit of the present Canon 
XXI Sec. 1(e), that voting at parish 
meetings be restricted to qualified 
members who are present and voting, 
will be reaffirmed because of its 



simplicity and substance. 

(2) A new alternative permitting the 
election of members to vestries for two 
year terms, instead of for three, will be 
presented as an amendment to Canon 
XXI Sec. 2. 

(3) Canon XXXI, pertaining to the 
operation of The Terraces, will be 
recommended for repeal because of 
the sale of The Terraces by the 
Diocese. 

The Rev. Huntington 
Williams, Jr. 



Parish Grant 



The Parish Grant Program of the 
Diocese of North Carolina began 1979 
with $1,085.13. The program had 
receipts from: interest, $330.29; 
contribution of the Episcopal Chur- 
chwomen, $500.00; Diocese of North 
Carolina, $12,500.00. Four grants 
were made amounting to $9,500.00. 

The ending balance of the fund is 
$4,915.42. Interest income for the year 
1979 will be recorded in the 1980 
report. 

The Parish Grant Program provides 
seed money grants for parishes or 
missions who can implement an 
outreach program in their community 
by obtaining funds from other sources 
(or the equivalent, in kind). The 
maximum grant from this program is 
$3,000.00 to a single project. It is 
required that the vestry accept 
responsibility for the project and that 
parishioners be involved in the 



outreach work. 

Grant recipients are required to file 
an evaluation of their project after one 
year of operation. Excerpts of those 
reviewed evaluations are published 
periodically in The Communicant. 

1979 grants were made to: 
Neighborhood Social Ministry, St. 
Martin's Church, Charlotte, $3,000.00; 
Summer Day Camp, St. Stephen's 
Church, Winston-Salem, $500.00; 
Soup Kitchen, St. Peter's, Charlotte, 
$3,000.00; and Soup Kitchen, St. 
Philip's, Durham, $3,000.00. 

Application forms for grants may be 
obtained by request from the Diocesan 
House. 

The Parish Grant Committee is 
made up of six members who are 
appointed by the Bishop to apply the 
guidelines which were determined by 
the Diocesan Council and the Con- 
vention. 

Robert D. Herford 



The Investment 
Committee 



The investment policy for managing 
the trusts that